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Abdominoperineal resection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724187/nasogastric-tube-as-abdominal-pressure-sensor-in-urodynamics-proof-of-concept-of-a-novel-approach
#1
Sundaramoorthy VijayGanapathy, Vilvapathy Senguttuvan Karthikeyan, Ashwin Mallya, Ali Poonawala, Ramaiah Keshavamurthy
AIMS: The standard sensor for abdominal pressure (Pabd) measurement in urodynamics (UD) is a rectal sensor. In patients where the rectum is not available due to prior surgery or when external anal sphincter (EAS) tone is poor, rectal sensor may slip, making Pabd recording unreliable. Vaginal Pabd measurement and wireless vaginal sensors have been tried. We present our preliminary series of a novel nasogastric tube (NG) sensor for Pabd measurement. METHODS: We identified patients undergoing UD with a NG Pabd sensor from a prospectively maintained UD database of a tertiary care urological center between July 2013 and December 2016...
July 19, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685354/a-multicenter-phase-2-study-on-the-feasibility-and-efficacy-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-without-radiotherapy-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer
#2
Suguru Hasegawa, Saori Goto, Takuya Matsumoto, Koya Hida, Kenji Kawada, Ryo Matsusue, Takashi Yamaguchi, Ryuta Nishitai, Dai Manaka, Shigeru Kato, Yoshio Kadokawa, Satoshi Yamanokuchi, Junichiro Kawamura, Masazumi Zaima, Takahisa Kyogoku, Akiyoshi Kanazawa, Yukiko Mori, Masashi Kanai, Shigemi Matsumoto, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: This prospective multicenter phase 2 study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) without radiotherapy for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). METHODS: Patients with LARC (cStage II and III) were included in the study. Those with cT4b tumor were excluded. Six cycles of modified FOLFOX6 (mFOLFOX6) plus either bevacizumab or cetuximab, depending on KRAS status, were administered before surgery. The primary end point of the study was the R0 resection rate...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674583/-scrotal-fistulas-revealing-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-scrotum-about-a-case
#3
Abdelilah El Alaoui, Hicham El Boté, Oussama Ziouani, Oussman Dembele, Hachem El Sayegh, Ali Iken, Lounis Benslimane, Yassine Nouini
Scrotales fistulas are rare and often represent secondary lesions of tuberculosis. Mucinous adenocarcinomas are tumors containing at least 50% of extracellular mucus. They occur most commonly in the rectosigmoid; scrotal location is rare. We report the case of a 54-year old patient, with no particular past medical history, with secondary mucinous adenocarcinoma of the scrotum revealed by scrotal fistulas. The patient had suffered from recurrent scrotal fistulas for two years, with no other associated signs...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673377/low-incidence-of-perineal-hernia-repair-after-abdominoperineal-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#4
Katarina Levic, Kasper von Rosen, Orhan Bulut, Thue Bisgaard
INTRODUCTION: Perineal hernia may be a long-term complication to conventional abdominoperineal resection or proctocolectomy. We analysed the incidence of post-operative perineal hernia repair and described patient-reported outcome measures (PROMS) after perineal hernia repair. METHODS: This was a nationwide retrospective analysis of consecutive Danish patients undergoing conventional abdominoperineal resection or proctocolectomy for rectal cancer from 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2014 combined with patients undergoing a subsequent repair for a perineal hernia during the follow-up period from 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2016...
July 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667499/two-stage-turnbull-cutait-pull-through-coloanal-anastomosis-versus-coloanal-anastomosis-with-protective-loop-ileostomy-for-low-rectal-cancer-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-turnbull-bcn
#5
Sebastiano Biondo, Loris Trenti, Ana Galvez, Eloy Espin-Basany, Francesco Bianco, Giovanni Romano, Esther Kreisler
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether patients that underwent ultra-low rectal resection for cancer can benefit from the recently reintroduced two-stage Turnbull-Cutait abdominoperineal pull-through procedure. METHODS: Patients with low rectal tumors undergoing radical sphincter-sparing resection are eligible for inclusion in a randomized multicenter study. Whether two-stage Turnbull-Cutait coloanal anastomosis provides significant benefits over hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis and associated lateral ileostomy in terms of postoperative morbidity is the primary endpoint...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641190/synchronous-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-recto-sigmoid-revealed-by-and-seeding-an-anal-fistula-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Konstadinos G Spiridakis, Elefterios E Sfakianakis, Manthos E Flamourakis, Dimitra S Intzepogazoglou, Eleni S Tsagataki, Nikolaos E Ximeris, Efstathios K Rachmanis, Ioannis G Gionis, Giorgos E Kostakis, Manousos S Christodoulakis
INTRODUCTION: There are few cases of synchronous rectal adenocarcinoma revealed by an anal fistula. The diagnosis of synchronous mucinous adenocarcinoma of the recto sigmoid and anal canal remains difficult. The chronic anal fistula can be mistaken as the common manifestation of a benign perianal abscess or fistula. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a rare case of a Greek Caucasian 79year old male patient with anal fistula and a recurrent perianal abscess who subsequently was found to have developed synchronous rectosigmoid and perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma on biopsy...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637543/gracilis-flap-for-perineal-closures-in-minimally-invasive-abdominoperineal-resection
#7
Ira L Leeds, James P Taylor, Marcos Pozo, Bashar Safar, Justin M Sacks, Sandy H Fang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633587/sarcomatoid-carcinoma-manifesting-as-recurrent-rectal-cancer-and-mimicking-radiation-induced-extraskeletal-osteosarcoma-a-case-report
#8
MiJo Lee, Hyun-Jin Son, Je-Ho Jang, Hyun-Young Han, Moon Hyang Park
Here, we report an unusual case of sarcomatoid carcinoma mimicking extraskeletal osteosarcoma that manifested as recurrent rectal cancer. Five years earlier, a 76-year-old male patient had undergone neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by a laparoscopic low anterior resection due to adenocarcinoma of the rectum. He was admitted because of pain in the anus and left hip. He underwent abdominal computed tomography that revealed a newly developed left perirectal mass with gluteus maximus invasion measuring up to 8 cm, and therefore, an abdominoperineal resection was performed...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622838/do-patients-requiring-a-multivisceral-resection-for-rectal-cancer-have-worse-oncologic-outcomes-than-patients-undergoing-only-abdominoperineal-resection
#9
Eslam M G Dosokey, Justin T Brady, Ruel Neupane, Murad A Jabir, Sharon L Stein, Harry L Reynolds, Conor P Delaney, Scott R Steele
INTRODUCTION: Abdominoperineal Resection (APR) remains an important option for patients with advanced rectal cancer though some may require multivisceral resection (MVR) in addition to APR. We hypothesized that oncological outcomes would be worse with MVR. METHODS: A retrospective review from 2006 to 2015 of 161 patients undergoing APR or MVR for rectal cancer, of whom 118 underwent curative APR or APR with MVR. Perioperative, oncologic and survival metrics were evaluated...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620675/sphincter-preserving-surgery-for-low-rectal-cancers-incidence-and-risk-factors-for-permanent-stoma
#10
Joanna Chung Kiu Mak, Dominic Chi Chung Foo, Rockson Wei, Wai Lun Law
BACKGROUND: Advances in surgical techniques and paradigm changes in rectal cancer treatment have led to a drastic decline in the abdominoperineal resection rate, and sphincter-preserving operation is possible in distal rectal cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term incidence of permanent stoma after sphincter-preserving surgery for low rectal cancer and its corresponding risk factors. METHOD: From 2000 to 2014, patients who underwent sphincter-preserving low anterior resection for low rectal cancer (within 5 cm from the anal verge) were included...
June 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610935/prone-positioning-reduces-perineal-infections-when-performing-the-miles-procedure
#11
Anne M Dinaux, Ramzi Amri, David L Berger
BACKGROUND: Abdominoperineal resection (APR) remains the cornerstone treatment for rectal cancers less than 5 cm from the anal verge. The perineal portion of an APR can be done with the patient in lithotomy or repositioned to prone jack-knife position, which influences accessibility, visualization and ability to close the wound. This paper analyses the effect of patient positioning on perineal wound dehiscence and infections. METHODS: A retrospective review of all rectal cancer patients who underwent an APR at Massachusetts General Hospital between 2004 and 2014 (n = 149)...
June 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594717/long-term-risk-of-urinary-adverse-events-in-curatively-treated-patients-with-rectal-cancer-a-population-based-analysis
#12
Mary R Kwaan, Yunhua Fan, Stephanie Jarosek, Sean P Elliott
BACKGROUND: Treatment modalities for rectal cancer, including radiation, are associated with urinary adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of surgery and radiation therapy for rectal cancer on long-term urinary complications. DESIGN: Using the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare data set from the United States, patients with rectal cancer older than 66 years of age who underwent rectal resection between 1992 and 2007 were stratified into treatment groups that accounted for surgical resection and the timing of radiation therapy, if used...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591336/prognostic-factors-affecting-outcomes-in-multivisceral-en-bloc-resection-for-colorectal-cancer
#13
Caio Sergio Rizkallah Nahas, Sergio Carlos Nahas, Ulysses Ribeiro-Junior, Leonardo Bustamante-Lopez, Carlos Frederico Sparapan Marques, Rodrigo Ambar Pinto, Antonio Rocco Imperiale, Guilherme Cutait Cotti, William Carlos Nahas, Daher Cezar Chade, Dariane Sampaio Piato, Fabio Busnardo, Ivan Cecconello
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the clinical and pathological factors associated with perioperative morbidity, mortality and oncological outcomes after multivisceral en bloc resection in patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: Between January 2009 and February 2014, 105 patients with primary colorectal cancer selected for multivisceral resection were identified from a prospective database. Clinical and pathological factors, perioperative morbidity and mortality and outcomes were obtained from medical records...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583894/local-recurrence-after-five-years-is-associated-with-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-treatment-in-patients-diagnosed-with-stage-ii-and-iii-rectal-cancer
#14
Gabriel Marin, Javier Suárez, Ruth Vera, Enrique Balén, Antonio Viudez, Elena Mata
AIM: To asses the moment of local recurrence and its influence on the appraisal of the results of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT). METHODS: We evaluated 317 patients with a preoperative diagnosis of stage II or III rectal cancer who underwent rectal resection. Gender, age, neoadjuvant treatment, circumferencial resection margin, adjuvant treatment, pretreatment carcinoembryonic antigen level, tumor location, TNM stage, lymph node retrieval, abdominoperineal resection, and lymphatic or vascular infiltration were registered prospectively...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580347/laparoscopic-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-in-patients-over-80-years-of-age-the-morbidity-outcomes
#15
Sang Woo Lim, Young Jin Kim, Hyeong Rok Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes between patients under 60 years of age and older patients over 80 years of age who underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery with colorectal cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 519 colorectal patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery for colorectal adenocarcinoma between January 2007 and December 2012 was collected and categorized into 2 groups of patients, those under 60 years of age (n = 404) and those over 80 years of age (n = 115)...
June 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568650/robotic-proctectomy-for-rectal-cancer-analysis-of-71-patients-from-a-single-institution
#16
Philip M Spanheimer, John G Armstrong, Sunyang Fu, Junlin Liao, Scott E Regenbogen, John C Byrn
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing use of robotic surgery for rectal cancer, few series have been published from the practice of generalizable US surgeons. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for 71 consecutive patients who underwent robotic low anterior resection (LAR) or abdominoperineal resection (APR) for rectal adenocarcinoma between 2010 and 2014. RESULTS: 46 LARs (65%) and 25 APRs (35%) were identified. Median procedure time was 219 minutes (IQR 184-275) and mean blood loss 164...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542071/vertical-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-versus-alternative-flaps-for-perineal-repair-after-abdominoperineal-excision-of-the-rectum-in-the-era-of-laparoscopic-surgery
#17
Mark Scott Johnstone
AIMS: Plastic surgical reconstruction of the perineum is often required after abdominoperineal excision of the rectum. Options for this reconstruction include a vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous (VRAM) flap, gluteal fasciocutaneous flap, and gracilis myocutaneous flap. Although the VRAM flap is well established at most centers, less experience exists with the gluteal and gracilis flaps. In the era of laparoscopic colorectal resection, plastic surgeons are being forced to use gluteal and gracilis flaps because the VRAM flap must be tunnelled intra-abdominally requiring laparotomy...
July 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523723/patient-characteristics-and-surgery-related-factors-associated-with-patient-reported-recovery-at-1-and-6%C3%A2-months-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#18
J Jakobsson, E Idvall, C Kumlien
Predictors for postoperative recovery after colorectal cancer surgery are usually investigated in relation to length of stay (LoS), readmission, or 30-day morbidity. This study describes patient characteristics and surgery-related factors associated with patient-reported recovery 1 and 6 months after surgery. In total, 153 consecutively included patients who were recovering from colorectal cancer surgery reported their level of recovery using the Postoperative Recovery Profile. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to calculate associations with recovery, defined as good or poor, divided into five recovery dimensions: physical symptoms, physical functions, psychological, social and activity...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503808/a-pilot-randomized-study-comparing-extralevator-with-conventional-abdominoperineal-excision-for-low-rectal-cancer-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation
#19
Ramakrishnan Ayloor Seshadri, Nicholas P West, Shirley Sundersingh
AIMS: The aims of this study were to assess the feasibility of performing an extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) after neoadjuvant chemoradiation, to compare the rates of circumferential resection margin (CRM) involvement and intra-operative perforation (IOP) of the specimen, and to assess the amount of tissue removed around the muscularis propria (MP)/internal sphincter (IS) of the lower rectum in patients with low rectal cancer undergoing ELAPE as compared to conventional abdominoperineal excision (CAPE) after NCRT...
May 15, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487805/squamous-cell-carcinoma-originating-from-a-crohn-s-enterocutaneous-fistula
#20
Bogdan Protyniak, Travis Shutt, Russell Farmer
Purpose. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) developing within fistulae and chronic wounds in patients with Crohn's disease is a rare phenomenon with few reported studies in the literature. Clinical suspicion for SCC in Crohn's disease patients with chronic painful fistulae is low, leading to delayed diagnosis and treatment. We present a patient with long-standing Crohn's disease complicated by malignant degeneration of an enterocutaneous fistula tract. Methods. Workup with MRI, CT, and fistulogram revealed a 7 × 3 cm fistulous connection between a loop of small intestine and the patient's perineum...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
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