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Preventive screening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786830/blue-light-filtering-intraocular-lenses-iols-for-protecting-macular-health
#1
REVIEW
Laura E Downie, Ljoudmila Busija, Peter R Keller
BACKGROUND: An intraocular lens (IOL) is a synthetic lens that is surgically implanted within the eye following removal of the crystalline lens, during cataract surgery. While all modern IOLs attenuate the transmission of ultra-violet (UV) light, some IOLs, called blue-blocking or blue-light filtering IOLs, also reduce short-wavelength visible light transmission. The rationale for blue-light filtering IOLs derives primarily from cell culture and animal studies, which suggest that short-wavelength visible light can induce retinal photoxicity...
May 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786511/-preeclampsia-a-challenge-also-for-cardiologists
#2
M Cournot, O Lairez, B Medzech
Due to its short-term consequences on perinatal outcome, preeclampsia has been long regarded as an obstetrical disease, strictly confined to a management by OB/GYNs. It has been now widely accepted that preeclampsia is most a systemic inflammatory and systemic vascular disease during pregnancy and then a lifelong risk factor for subsequent cardiovascular event in women's life. The aim of this review is to propose an overview in the current state-of-art in definition, early identification and management of preeclampsia...
May 18, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786136/temporal-trends-in-the-epidemiology-of-cervical-cancer-in-south-africa-1994-2012
#3
Gbenga Olorunfemi, Ntombizodwa Ndlovu, Gwinyai Masukume, Admire Chikandiwa, Pedro T Pisa, Elvira Singh
Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of cancer death among female South Africans (SA). Improved access to reproductive health services following multi-ethnic democracy in 1994, HIV epidemic, and the initiation of CC population-based screening in early 2000's have influenced the epidemiology of CC in SA. We therefore evaluated the trends in CC age-standardized incidence (ASIR) (1994 - 2009) and mortality rates (ASMR) (2004 - 2012) using data from the South African National Cancer Registry and the Statistics South Africa, respectively...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785764/the-effect-of-the-2009-uspstf-breast-cancer-screening-recommendations-on-breast-cancer-in-michigan-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Jamie Caughran, Tom M Braun, Tara M Breslin, Daniel R Smith, Jennifer L Kreinbrink, Grace K Parish, Alan T Davis, Teresa A Bacon-Baguley, Samuel M Silver, Norah L Henry
In 2009, the revised United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines recommended against routine screening mammography for women age 40-49 years and against teaching self-breast examinations (SBE). The aim of this study was to analyze whether breast cancer method of presentation changed following the 2009 USPSTF screening recommendations in a large Michigan cohort. Data were collected on women with newly diagnosed stage 0-III breast cancer participating in the Michigan Breast Oncology Quality Initiative (MiBOQI) registry at 25 statewide institutions from 2006 to 2015...
May 21, 2018: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785408/stroke-prevalence-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Lianna J Marks, Deogratias Munube, Philip Kasirye, Ezekiel Mupere, Zhezhen Jin, Philip LaRussa, Richard Idro, Nancy S Green
Objectives . The prevalence of stroke among children with sickle cell disease (SCD) in sub-Saharan Africa was systematically reviewed. Methods . Comprehensive searches of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were performed for articles published between 1980 and 2016 (English or French) reporting stroke prevalence. Using preselected inclusion criteria, titles and abstracts were screened and full-text articles were reviewed. Results . Ten full-text articles met selection criteria. Cross-sectional clinic-based data reported 2...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784937/an-oil-free-picodrop-bioassay-platform-for-synthetic-biology
#6
Christian A Siltanen, Russell H Cole, Sean Poust, Lawrence Chao, Jabus Tyerman, Benjamin Kaufmann-Malaga, Jeff Ubersax, Zev J Gartner, Adam R Abate
Droplet microfluidics enables massively-parallel analysis of single cells, biomolecules, and chemicals, making it valuable for high-throughput screens. However, many hydrophobic analytes are soluble in carrier oils, preventing their quantitative analysis with the method. We apply Printed Droplet Microfluidics to construct defined reactions with chemicals and cells incubated under air on an open array. The method interfaces with most bioanalytical tools and retains hydrophobic compounds in compartmentalized reactors, allowing their quantitation...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784890/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-physical-activity-level-and-lifestyle-behavior-interventions-applying-social-cognitive-theory-for-overweight-and-obese-girl-adolescents
#7
Mohammad Bagherniya, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Manoj Sharma, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Golnaz Ranjbar, Ali Taghipour, Mohammad Safraian, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic and physical inactivity and considered as one of the most important contributing factors. We aimed to evaluate a school-based physical activity intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to increase physical activity behavior in order to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial study. METHODS: A seven-month randomized controlled trial based on SCT was implemented with 172 overweight and obese girl students (87 in intervention and 85 in control group), with the presence of their parents and teachers...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784582/influence-of-inguinal-hernia-repair-on-male-fertility
#8
O Bouchot, J Branchereau, M A Perrouin-Verbe
Male infertility is a rare but certainly underestimated iatrogenic complication of inguinal hernia repair. The use of polypropylene mesh, recommended by the European Hernia Society, either via the traditional, open or laparoscopic approach, is responsible for surrounding inflammation followed by fibrosis, but there is no proven increase in vas deferens obstruction found in the literature. Prevention is essential to reduce the incidence of this complication including screening for patients at risk and mastery of surgical techniques...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784256/perioperative-delirium-protocol-for-the-older-patient
#9
Thomas J Pallaria, Casey Panebianco, Mary C Kamienski
PURPOSE: Delirium is an acute change in cognition and attention. It may affect any age group. It is most common in older patients and is associated with a significant increase in mortality. The purpose of this project was to implement an assessment protocol to identify patients at risk for postoperative delirium. DESIGN: A case study approach was used. METHODS: The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) tool for screening and diagnostic purposes was used to train surgeons, anesthesia providers, and nurses...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784113/identifying-barriers-to-access-and-utilization-of-preventive-health-care-services-by-young-adults-in-vermont
#10
Stephen G DeVoe, Linda L Roberts, Wendy S Davis, Rachel R Wallace-Brodeur
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine barriers to accessing and utilizing routine preventive health-care checkups for Vermont young adults. METHODS: A population-based analysis was conducted using aggregated data from the 2011-2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) surveys of Vermont young adults aged 18-25 years (N = 1,329). Predictors analyzed as barriers were classified county of residence, health-care coverage, and annual household income level, as well as covariates, with the outcome of the length of time since the last routine checkup...
June 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783961/diabetes-management-training-for-female-community-health-volunteers-in-western-nepal-an-implementation-experience
#11
Bishal Gyawali, Shiva Raj Mishra, Dinesh Neupane, Abhinav Vaidya, Annelli Sandbæk, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: In the backdroup of a rapidly increasing burden of diabetes in Nepal, a community-based diabetes management program is implemented involving female community health volunteers (FCHVs) under the government run FCHVs program. FCHVs received an intensive one-week training workshop on prevention, control and management of diabetes. The training program was implemented and evaluated to enhance diabetes knowledge of FCHVs and matched according to their literacy level. METHODS: A range of teaching methods were applied, including desk review, active participation, lectures, presentations, discussions, role plays, demonstration and field test...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783960/performance-of-oncoe6-cervical-test-with-collection-methods-enabling-self-sampling
#12
Amrei Krings, Anna M Dückelmann, Lutz Moser, Johannes Gollrad, Maarten Wiegerinck, Johannes Schweizer, Andreas M Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: The paradigm shift from cytological screening to Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-based screening for cervical cancer allows the introduction of new technologies in sample collection and diagnostics. The OncoE6™ Cervical Test (OncoE6 Test) is a rapid, easy-to-use lateral flow method detecting HPV16/18 E6 oncoproteins that has proven to detect high-grade cervical lesions with high specificity. If compatible with self-collection samples, this technology might allow for decentralized screening of hard-to-reach populations...
May 21, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783936/identifying-and-assessing-the-benefits-of-interventions-for-postnatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations
#13
Binu Gurung, Louise J Jackson, Mark Monahan, Ruth Butterworth, Tracy E Roberts
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluations of interventions for postnatal depression (PND) are essential to ensure optimal healthcare decision-making. Due to the wide-ranging effects of PND on the mother, baby and whole family, there is a need to include outcomes for all those affected and to include health and non-health outcomes for accurate estimates of cost-effectiveness. This study aimed to identify interventions to prevent or treat PND for which an economic evaluation had been conducted and to evaluate the health and non-health outcomes included...
May 21, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783240/-effect-of-preventive-treatment-on-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Maria S Shorobura
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: cognitive, emotional and psychopathological changes play a significant role in the clinical picture of multiple sclerosis and influence the effectiveness of drug therapy, working capacity, quality of life, and the process of rehabilitation of patients with multiple sclerosis. The aim: investigate the changes in cognitive function in patients with multiple sclerosis, such as information processing speed and working memory of patients before and after treatment with immunomodulating drug...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782516/how-a-smiley-protects-health-a-pilot-intervention-to-improve-hand-hygiene-in-hospitals-by-activating-injunctive-norms-through-emoticons
#15
Susanne Gaube, Dimitrios Tsivrikos, Daniel Dollinger, Eva Lermer
Hand hygiene practice in hospitals is unfortunately still widely insufficient, even though it is known that transmitting pathogens via hands is the leading cause of healthcare-associated infections. Previous research has shown that improving knowledge, providing feedback on past behaviour and targeting social norms are promising approaches to improve hand hygiene practices. The present field experiment was designed to direct people on when to perform hand hygiene and prevent forgetfulness. This intervention is the first to examine the effect of inducing injunctive social norms via an emoticon-based feedback system on hand hygiene behaviour...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782356/acute-neurologic-complications-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-systematic-review
#16
Raoul Sutter, Kai Tisljar, Stephan Marsch
OBJECTIVES: We determine the frequency, risk factors, and mortality of neurologic complications in adults on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and propose an algorithm for preventive strategies. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases. STUDY SELECTION: Screening was performed using predefined search terms to identify cohort studies reporting neurologic complications in adults during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation from 1990 to 2017...
May 18, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782054/assessment-of-porcine-endogenous-retrovirus-transmission-across-an-alginate-barrier-used-for-the-encapsulation-of-porcine-islets
#17
Claire Crossan, Nizar I Mourad, Karen Smith, Pierre Gianello, Linda Scobie
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous implantation of a macroencapsulated patch containing human allogenic islets has been successfully used to alleviate type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in a human recipient without the need for immunosuppression. The use of encapsulated porcine islets to treat T1DM has also been reported. Although no evidence of pathogen transfer using this technology has been reported to date, we deemed it appropriate to determine if the encapsulation technology would prevent the release of virus, in particular, the porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV)...
May 21, 2018: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781922/screening-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-after-cervical-cancer-screening-guideline-and-medicaid-policy-changes-a-population-based-analysis
#18
Natasha Parekh, Julie M Donohue, Jennifer Corbelli, Aiju Men, David Kelley, Marian Jarlenski
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening prevents complications and is cost-effective. Annual screening is recommended in sexually active women <25 years and older women at increased risk. Cervical cancer (CC) screening guideline changes in 2009 and 2012 recommended less frequent screening, causing concern that STI screening would decrease. Pennsylvania Medicaid implemented a family planning program in 2007 which covered women's health services (including STI testing) for uninsured women...
May 17, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781571/new-approach-to-accurate-interpretation-of-sickle-cell-disease-newborn-screening-by-applying-multiple-of-median-cutoffs-and-ratios
#19
Bichr Allaf, Franck Patin, Jacques Elion, Nathalie Couque
BACKGROUND: The main goal of newborn screening (NBS) for sickle cell disease (SCD) is to detect affected neonates so that specific preventive care can be implemented. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) used for NBS has high sensitivity and specificity, but we lack guidelines for quantitative hemoglobin (Hb) fraction interpretation. The purpose of this study was to determine cutoff values to standardize quantitative interpretation in SCD NBS for different clinical situation such as, red blood cell transfusion or beta-thalassemia, which can be real screening pitfalls...
May 21, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781528/assessing-the-competency-and-acceptability-of-community-health-worker-provision-of-standard-days-method%C3%A2-in-family-planning-services-in-gisagara-district-rwanda
#20
Lauren VanEnk, Victoria Shelus, Catherine Mugeni, Marie Mukabatsinda, Jeannette Cachan
This study assesses the competency and acceptability of community-based provision of Standard Days Method® (SDM) to first-time users in Rwanda. The national strategy equips community health workers (CHWs) to resupply pills, injectables and condoms to existing clients. With the aim of expanding access, SDM provision to first-time users was added to the method mix in Gisagara district and assessed with a 12 month prospective, mixed methods study. Thirty percent of SDM clients had never used a method of family planning and 58 percent had not been using a method for at least three months...
May 21, 2018: Studies in Family Planning
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