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neonatal endocrinology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906195/congenital-hypothyroidism-with-delayed-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-elevation-in-premature-infants-born-at-less-than-30-weeks-gestation
#1
D C Kaluarachchi, T T Colaizy, L M Pesce, M Tansey, J M Klein
OBJECTIVE: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) with delayed thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) elevation is a common form of thyroid dysfunction among premature infants. Routine newborn screening (NBS) may miss infants with CH with delayed TSH elevation. The objective of the study is to determine the prevalence of CH with delayed TSH elevation in premature infants and to identify associated risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of serum thyroid function screening (TFS) at day of life 30 in premature infants <30 weeks gestation, admitted to University of Iowa Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between 1 July 2012 to 30 June 2015...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749014/society-for-endocrinology-uk-guidance-on-the-evaluation-of-suspected-disorders-of-sexual-development-emphasizing-the-opportunity-to-predict-adolescent-pubertal-failure-through-a-neonatal-diagnosis-of-absent-minipuberty
#2
LETTER
Richard Quinton, Yaasir Mamoojee, Channa N Jayasena, Jacques Young, Sasha Howard, Leo Dunkel, Tim Cheetham, Neil Smith, Andrew A Dwyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687532/management-of-undescended-testes-european-association-of-urology-european-society-for-paediatric-urology-guidelines
#3
Christian Radmayr, Hasan S Dogan, Piet Hoebeke, Radim Kocvara, Rien Nijman, Raimund Stein, Shabnam Undre, Serdar Tekgul
CONTEXT: Undescended testis is the most common endocrinological disease in the male newborn period. Incidence varies between 1.0% and 4.6% in full-term neonates, with rates as high as 45% in preterm neonates. Failure or delay of treatment can result in reduced fertility and/or increased testicular cancer risk in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To provide recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of boys with undescended testes which reduce the risk of impaired fertility and testicular cancer in adulthood...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596083/-analysis-of-phenotypes-and-genotypes-in-66-patients-with-21-hydroxylase-deficiency-identified-by-neonatal-screening
#4
R F Wang, X F Gu, J Ye, L S Han, W J Qiu, H W Zhang, Y G Yu, Z W Gong
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the phenotype-genotype correlation of 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) patients found by neonatal screening, and to investigate the characteristics of gene frequency of these patients. METHOD: Clinical and biochemical data of 66 21-OHD patients diagnosed by neonatal screening in department of pediatric endocrinology and genetics and neonatal screening center of Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from 2009 to 2014 were retrospectively analyzed...
September 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485500/congenital-primary-adrenal-insufficiency-and-selective-aldosterone-defects-presenting-as-salt-wasting-in-infancy-a-single-center-10-year-experience
#5
Carla Bizzarri, Nicole Olivini, Stefania Pedicelli, Romana Marini, Germana Giannone, Paola Cambiaso, Marco Cappa
BACKGROUND: Salt-wasting represents a relatively common cause of emergency admission in infants and may result in life-threatening complications. Neonatal kidneys show low glomerular filtration rate and immaturity of the distal nephron leading to reduced ability to concentrate urine. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for infants hospitalized in a single Institution from 1(st) January 2006 to 31(st) December 2015. The selection criterion was represented by the referral to the Endocrinology Unit for hyponatremia (serum sodium <130 mEq/L) of suspected endocrine origin at admission...
2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285676/physiology-and-endocrinology-symposium-roles-for-insulin-supported-skeletal-muscle-growth
#6
R P Rhoads, L H Baumgard, S W El-Kadi, L D Zhao
Basic principles governing skeletal muscle growth and development, from a cellular point of view, have been realized for several decades. Skeletal muscle is marked by the capacity for rapid hypertrophy and increases in protein content. Ultimately, skeletal muscle growth is controlled by 2 basic means: 1) myonuclear accumulation stemming from satellite cell (myoblast) proliferation and 2) the balance of protein synthesis and degradation. Each process underlies the rapid changes in lean tissue accretion evident during fetal and neonatal growth and is particularly sensitive to nutritional manipulation...
May 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256224/-consensus-statement-on-neonatal-screening-for-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200316/prenatal-diagnosis-of-fetal-adrenal-hemorrhage-and-endocrinologic-evaluation
#8
Se In Shin, Ji Geun Yoo, In Yang Park, Ju Young Cheon
We present a case of a fetal adrenal hemorrhage, a rare disease in fetal life, detected prenatally at 36 weeks' gestation by ultrasound. Routine ultrasound examination at 36 weeks' gestation by primary obstetrician showed a cyst on the fetal suprarenal area. Initially, the suspected diagnosis was a fetal adrenal hemorrhage, but we should diagnose differently from neuroblastoma. Subsequent ultrasound examination at 38 and 39 weeks' gestation showed increase of the cyst in size. A 3.34-kg-male neonate was born by spontaneous vaginal delivery at 39 weeks' gestation...
May 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26931272/salt-losing-variety-of-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-a-case-report
#9
N Nahar, A C Dey, K A Khan, S K Dey, M A Mannan, M Shahidullah
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a genetic endocrinologic disorder. The severe classic form occurs in one in 15,000 births worldwide. Twenty-one-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) is the most common cause in this autosomal recessive disease. It can cause virilization, ambiguous genitalia at birth and severe life threatening condition due to salt wasting. In this report we describe the clinical course of a male neonate presenting with lethargy, failure to thrive (FTT), genital pigmentation, electrolytes imbalance and high serum 17-hydroxy-progesterone (17-OHP) level and subsequently diagnosed as Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia...
January 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913801/-update-on-endocrinology-management-of-prolactinomas-during-pregnancy
#10
REVIEW
Laura A Cecenarro, Paula Estario, María E Estario, Carolina Fux-Otta
UNLABELLED: The prolactinomas are the most common functioning pituitary tumors. The hyperprolactinemia is associated with anovulation and infertility. OBJECTIVES: a) describe the relationship between hyperprolactinemia and fertility, b) review the results of the use of dopamine agonists during pregnancy and embryo-fetal development and c) review the therapeutic management in micro and macroprolactinomas during pregnancy. CONTENT: Medical therapy with dopamine agonists is the best treatment for prolactinomas of any size or invasiveness and restores ovulatory cycles in 80-90 % of patients...
2015: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26693435/comparison-of-different-criteria-for-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Haritha Sagili, Sadishkumar Kamalanathan, Jayaprakash Sahoo, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, Reddi Rani, D Jayalakshmi, K T Hari Chandra Kumar
INTRODUCTION: The International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been adopted by most associations across the world including the American Diabetes Association and World Health Organization (WHO). We conducted a study comparing the IADPSG and previous WHO criteria and their effects on neonatal birth weight. METHODS: The study was carried out in Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of a tertiary care institute in South India in collaboration with Endocrinology Department...
November 2015: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26646938/genetics-in-endocrinology-gain-and-loss-of-function-mutations-of-the-calcium-sensing-receptor-and-associated-proteins-current-treatment-concepts
#12
REVIEW
Bernhard Mayr, Dirk Schnabel, Helmuth-Günther Dörr, Christof Schöfl
The calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) is the main calcium sensor in the maintenance of calcium metabolism. Mutations of the CASR, the G protein alpha 11 (GNA11) and the adaptor-related protein complex 2 sigma 1 subunit (AP2S1) genes can shift the set point for calcium sensing causing hyper- or hypo-calcemic disorders. Therapeutic concepts for these rare diseases range from general therapies of hyper- and hypo-calcemic conditions to more pathophysiology oriented approaches such as parathyroid hormone (PTH) substitution and allosteric CASR modulators...
May 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26594092/guidelines-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-21-hydroxylase-deficiency-2014-revision
#13
Tomohiro Ishii, Makoto Anzo, Masanori Adachi, Kazumichi Onigata, Satoshi Kusuda, Keisuke Nagasaki, Shohei Harada, Reiko Horikawa, Masanori Minagawa, Kanshi Minamitani, Haruo Mizuno, Yuji Yamakami, Masaru Fukushi, Toshihiro Tajima
Purpose of developing the guidelines: The first guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) were published as a diagnostic handbook in Japan in 1989, with a focus on patients with severe disease. The "Guidelines for Treatment of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (21-Hydroxylase Deficiency) Found in Neonatal Mass Screening (1999 revision)" published in 1999 were revised to include 21-OHD patients with very mild or no clinical symptoms. Accumulation of cases and experience has subsequently improved diagnosis and treatment of the disease...
July 2015: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26525878/paediatric-endocrinology-defining-treatment-thresholds-for-neonatal-hypoglycaemia-how-low-is-too-low
#14
COMMENT
Claire Greenhill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26499010/maternal-overt-hypothyroidism-and-neurobehavioral-outcome-of-neonates-a-cohort-study-from-an-iodine-deficient-area-of-northern-india
#15
Mohammad Ashraf Ganaie, Bashir A Charoo, Riyaz Ahmad Sofi, Asif Ahmed, Javeed Iqbal Bhat
OBJECTIVE: To study the relation between maternal overt hypothyroidism and neurodevelopmental outcome of neonates in iodine-deficient region of Northern India (Kashmir Valley). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Endocrinology department of a tertiary-care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 82 hypothyroid pregnant women were enrolled and followed up till delivery. The neonates born to this group represented the case neonates...
October 2015: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26363385/mid-pregnancy-perinatal-and-neonatal-reproductive-endocrinology-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-twins-and-singleton-control-subjects
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Esther A M Kuijper, Jos W R Twisk, Ted Korsen, Mirte R Caanen, Mark M Kushnir, Alan L Rockwood, A Wayne Meikle, Peter G Hompes, Jan M Wit, Cornelis B Lambalk
OBJECTIVE: To answer the questions: Are perinatal reproductive hormone profiles different in case of a twin compared with a singleton pregnancy? Are reproductive endocrine profiles of twin girls influenced by their male co-twin and vice versa? DESIGN: Prospective cohort study from January 2004 to October 2009. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 204 mothers of twins and 248 singleton control subjects, aged >18 years, pregnant with a twin or singleton and no endocrine disease or malignancy...
December 2015: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26284444/paediatric-endocrinology-paradigm-shift-in-genetic-testing-for-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus-new-framework-for-clinical-care
#17
COMMENT
David Holmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26038964/long-term-surveillance-of-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism-data-from-the-german-registry-for-congenital-hypothyroidism-aquape-hypo-dok
#18
V L Ellerbroek, W Bonfig, H-G Dörr, M Bettendorf, B Hauffa, S Fricke-Otto, T Rohrer, F Reschke, E Schönau, K O Schwab, K Kapelari, F-W Röhl, K Mohnike, R W Holl
BACKGROUND: The German study group for quality assurance in pediatric endocrinology and the University of Ulm have established a software ("Hypo Dok") for the documentation of longitudinal data of patients with congenital primary hypothyroidism (CH). Aim of this study was to analyse the long-term follow-up of patients with CH and to compare treatment with current guidelines. METHODS/PATIENTS: Anonymised data of 1,080 patients from 46 centres were statistically analysed...
July 2015: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25957977/recommendations-from-the-pediatric-endocrine-society-for-evaluation-and-management-of-persistent-hypoglycemia-in-neonates-infants-and-children
#19
Paul S Thornton, Charles A Stanley, Diva D De Leon, Deborah Harris, Morey W Haymond, Khalid Hussain, Lynne L Levitsky, Mohammad H Murad, Paul J Rozance, Rebecca A Simmons, Mark A Sperling, David A Weinstein, Neil H White, Joseph I Wolfsdorf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25875166/effects-of-moderate-amounts-of-barley-in-late-pregnancy-on-growth-glucose-metabolism-and-osteoarticular-status-of-pre-weaning-horses
#20
Pauline Peugnet, Morgane Robles, Luis Mendoza, Laurence Wimel, Cédric Dubois, Michèle Dahirel, Daniel Guillaume, Sylvaine Camous, Valérie Berthelot, Marie-Pierre Toquet, Eric Richard, Charlotte Sandersen, Stéphane Chaffaux, Jean-Philippe Lejeune, Anne Tarrade, Didier Serteyn, Pascale Chavatte-Palmer
In stud management, broodmares are commonly fed concentrates in late pregnancy. This practice, however, was shown to correlate with an increased incidence of osteochondrosis in foals, which may be related to insulin sensitivity. We hypothesized that supplementation of the mare with barley in the last trimester of pregnancy alters the pre-weaning foal growth, glucose metabolism and osteoarticular status. Here, pregnant multiparous saddlebred mares were fed forage only (group F, n=13) or both forage and cracked barley (group B, n=12) from the 7th month of pregnancy until term, as calculated to cover nutritional needs of broodmares...
2015: PloS One
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