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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817979/labor-market-position-after-a-rejection-of-a-disability-pension-application-a-register-based-cohort-study
#1
Mikko Laaksonen, Raija Gould, Jyri Liukko
PURPOSE: To study labor market positions of rejected disability pension applicants and to examine which characteristics predict ending up in these positions after the rejection. METHODS: Nationwide Finnish register data was used to describe employment, unemployment and disability pension trajectories of rejected applicants (n = 5740) from four years before to four years after the rejection. Demographic, occupational and health-related determinants of labor market position after the rejection were examined among those employed and not employed at the time of the rejection...
August 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817953/the-evidence-base-for-interventions-targeting-individuals-with-work-related-ptsd-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#2
Iris Torchalla, Verena Strehlau
The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence base for interventions targeting individuals with work-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to make recommendations for clinicians and administrative decision makers involved in their rehabilitation, and to guide future research in this area. Particular attention was given to studies that were conducted in naturalistic clinical settings or in a workers' compensation claim context. Electronic searches of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, PILOTS, and EMBASE identified 11 articles...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817338/supporting-breastfeeding-moms-at-work-how-a-doctor-s-note-can-make-the-difference
#3
Jessica Lee
One of the most critical junctures for community support of breastfeeding is the mother's return to work. When breastfeeding workers have access to both time and space for expressing breast milk, they are more likely to breastfeed for the recommended term, yet many mothers still struggle to access these simple accommodations in their workplace. Healthcare providers can and should aid nursing mothers in accessing these accommodations. One tangible way to offer support for continued breastfeeding upon return to work is to provide notes for lactation accommodation in the workplace...
August 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811990/clinical-outcomes-of-total-disc-replacement-versus-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-degenerative-disc-disease
#4
Tobias A Mattei, Jennifer Beer, Alisson R Teles, Azeem A Rehman, Jean Aldag, Dzung Dinh
STUDY DESIGN: The authors performed a retrospective controlled study of patients diagnosed with lumbar degenerative disc disease who received surgical intervention (either total disc replacement [TDR]/Activ-L or anterior lumbar interbody fusion [ALIF]) at a single tertiary-care hospital from 2007-2010. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical outcomes after TDR in comparison with ALIF for surgical treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD). METHODS: Analyzed data included intra-operative blood loss, time to return to work, and clinical outcomes as evaluated through the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain questionnaires pre-operatively and at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperative follow-up...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810814/acceptability-of-a-vocational-advice-service-for-patients-consulting-in-primary-care-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-general-practitioners-vocational-advisers-and-patients
#5
Tom Sanders, Gwenllian Wynne-Jones, Bie Nio Ong, Majid Artus, Nadine Foster
AIMS: Using qualitative interviews, this study explored the experiences of GPs, vocational advisers and patients towards a new vocational advice (VA) service in primary care. METHODS: This study was nested within the Study of Work and Pain (SWAP) cluster randomised controlled trial. The SWAP trial located a VA service within three general practices in Staffordshire. Interviews took place with 10 GPs 12 months after the introduction of the VA service, four vocational advisers whilst the VA service was running and 20 patients on discharge from the VA service...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808752/return-to-work-and-work-related-disability-among-aml-survivors
#6
Osai Samadi, Henriette Breunis, Joanna Sandoval, Kosalan Akilan, Narhari Timilshina, Shabbir M H Alibhai
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive, acute-onset hematological malignancy. Greater use of intensive chemotherapy (IC), supportive care, and stem cell transplantation have led to an increasing number of long-term survivors. Few studies have examined employment issues among AML survivors and to our knowledge, no study has examined the long-term effects of treatment on return to work. This study is the first to utilize a validated measure of work-related limitation and productivity (WLQ-16) to assess the long-term effects of AML treatment on employment rates, work-related limitations, and overall productivity...
August 14, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806827/-functional-outcome-following-high-pressure-injection-injuries-of-the-hand
#7
Florian Neubrech, Christian A Radu, David Pauli, Berthold Bickert, Ulrich Kneser, Leila Harhaus
Background High-pressure injection injuries are devastating injuries that often lead to an amputation of the primarily affected finger. The available literature mainly focuses on amputation rates, while there is a lack of knowledge regarding functional results. Patients and Methods Between 1998 and 2016, 47 cases of high-pressure injection injuries of the hand were registered in our department. Out of these, data of 26 patients, all men with an average age of 42 (18-62) years, were included in a retrospective follow-up examination after 4 (1-12) years...
August 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806327/long-term-quality-of-life-following-vestibular-schwannoma-excision-via-the-translabyrinthine-approach
#8
Stephen J Broomfield, Ashish K Mandavia, Jack S Nicholson, Osama Mahmoud, Andrew T King, Scott A Rutherford, Richard T Ramsden
OBJECTIVE: To assess postoperative quality of life (QOL) and other patient-reported outcomes following surgery for vestibular schwannoma. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective case review using postal questionnaires. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Five hundred consecutive patients undergoing surgery for vestibular schwannoma. INTERVENTION(S): Patients undergoing surgery via the translabyrinthine approach (excluding neurofibromatosis type 2) under the senior author, with a minimum of 5 years follow-up, were included...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805529/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-and-objective-assessments-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#9
Graham McPhee
Most evaluations of cognitive behavioural therapy to treat people with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis rely exclusively on subjective self-report outcomes to evaluate whether treatment is effective. Few studies have used measures appropriate to assessing whether cognitive behavioural therapy changes in more objective measures. A review of studies incorporating objective measures suggests that there is a lack of evidence that cognitive behavioural therapy produces any improvement in a patient's physical capabilities or other objective measures such as return to work...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805066/active-controlled-motion-in-early-rehabilitation-improves-outcome-after-ankle-fractures-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Hendrik Jansen, Martin Jordan, Sönke Frey, Stefanie Hölscher-Doht, Rainer Meffert, Timo Heintel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of active controlled motion (ACM) after unstable ankle fractures needing initial partial weight-bearing. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS: A total of 50 patients with unstable ankle fractures and the need for partial weight-bearing for six weeks. INTERVENTIONS: Randomization in two groups: physiotherapy alone or physiotherapy with an additional ACM device...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803171/open-versus-minimally-invasive-surgery-for-extraforaminal-lumbar-disk-herniation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Oluwaseun O Akinduro, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Mohammed Ali Alvi, Jangwon Yoon, Jamachi Eluchie, Hasan M Murad, Zhen Wang, Selby G Chen, Mohamad Bydon
INTRODUCTION: Extraforaminal disk herniation (EDH) accounts for 3-11% of all disk herniations. Despite the heterogeneity of spinal procedures, there is a paucity of literature comparing the outcomes from different surgical approaches. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of available literature on EDHs. We compared patients undergoing open surgery (OS) with those undergoing minimally invasive surgery (MIS) approaches, including tubular microscopic, percutaneous endoscopic, and micro-endoscopic...
August 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801840/tobacco-related-carcinogenesis-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#12
Ashok R Jethwa, Samir S Khariwala
Head and neck cancer (head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC)) is a devastating disease. Patients require intensive treatment that is often disfiguring and debilitating. Those who survive are often left with poor speech articulation, difficulties in chewing and swallowing, and cosmetic disfigurement, as well as loss of taste. Furthermore, given that HNSCC survivors are frequently disabled and unable to return to work, the economic and societal costs associated with HNSCC are massive. HNSCC is one of many cancers that are strongly associated with tobacco use...
August 12, 2017: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800804/intensive-care-and-its-discontents-psychiatric-illness-in-the-critically-ill
#13
REVIEW
Ali M Hashmi, Jin Y Han, Vishal Demla
Critically ill patients can develop a host of cognitive and psychiatric complaints during their intensive care unit (ICU) stay, many of which persist for weeks or months following discharge from the ICU and can seriously affect their quality of life, including their ability to return to work. This article describes some common psychiatric problems encountered by clinicians in the ICU, including their assessment and management. A comprehensive approach is needed to decrease patient suffering, improve morbidity and mortality, and ensure that critically ill patients can return to the highest quality of life after an ICU stay...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795911/the-development-of-eras-across-surgical-specialties
#14
James C Senturk, Gentian Kristo, Jason Gold, Ronald Bleday, Edward Whang
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS(®)) principles have gained traction in variety of surgical disciplines. The promise of a reduced length of stay without compromising patient safety or increasing readmission rates has produced a body of literature examining the implementation of ERAS in the care of general, thoracic, urologic, and gynecologic surgery patients. METHODS: We performed a review of the literature pertaining to studies of ERAS implementation across colorectal surgery, general surgery, thoracic surgery, urology, and gynecology...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795208/effects-of-pre-operative-psychological-status-on-post-operative-recovery-a-prospective-study
#15
Ajay Raghunath Aspari, K Lakshman
BACKGROUND: Often in clinical practice, a spectrum of outcomes from surgery may be observed ranging from a quick and comfortable recovery to a recovery punctuated by persistent pain and decreased quality of life. While there has been a fast pace of advances made in the field of operative surgery, surgeons seldom pay attention to factors such as the psychological profile of a patient that can affect recovery from surgery. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of pre-operative psychological profile on post-operative recovery in terms of pain, return to work and quality of life...
August 9, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795065/psycho-social-and-mental-variables-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-traffic-accident-survivors-in-northern-iran
#16
Naema Khodadadi-Hassankiadeh, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Hooman Shahsavari, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Hamid Haghani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psycho-social and mental variables associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a series of Iranian patients. METHODS: A total of 528 eligible accident survivors in pre-sampling of a randomized controlled trial targeting PTSD were included in this cross-sectional study. Psycho-social characteristics associated to PTSD were explored in these survivors in an outpatient clinic. They completed the questionnaires via interview between six weeks to six months after accident...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794008/long-term-employment-outcomes-following-rehabilitation-for-significant-neurological-impairment-in-uk-military-personnel-a-3-year-study
#17
Sardar Bahadur, J McRann, E McGilloway
BACKGROUND: Returning to employment is a major modifiable factor affecting long-term health in brain injury which neurological and vocational rehabilitation attempts to address. In military patients, little is known about long-term employability, whether employment is sustained and how they fare in civilian roles. METHODS: A telephone review was undertaken of every military patient having undergone inpatient neurorehabilitation between 2012 and 2014. This was compared to their employment outcomes one to three years post discharge...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793916/a-manual-based-vocational-rehabilitation-program-for-patients-with-an-acquired-brain-injury-study-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-rct
#18
Louise K Hoeffding, Maria Haahr Nielsen, Morten A Rasmussen, Anne Norup, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Ulrikka K Kjær, Kristoffer Sølvsten Burgdorf, Trine Schow
BACKGROUND: An acquired brain injury (ABI) is a complex injury often followed by a broad range of cognitive, physical, emotional, and behavioral disabilities. Because of these disabilities, vocational rehabilitation (VR) is a challenging task, however, of great importance, since approximately 75% of the patients with ABI are of working age. Thus, standardized clinically effective and cost-effective methodologies regarding VR for patients with ABI are highly needed. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of an individually targeted manual-based VR for patient with ABI compared to conventional VR (usual care)...
August 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793801/return-to-work-in-the-context-of-everyday-life-7-11-years-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-follow-up-study
#19
Lisa Holmlund, Susanne Guidetti, Gunilla Eriksson, Eric Asaba
PURPOSE: The aim of this follow-up study was to explore experiences of return to work in the context of everyday life among adults 7-11 years after spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: This study used in-depth interviews and observations in a qualitative design with eight persons who had previously been interviewed in 2008. A narrative approach was used during data gathering and analysis. RESULTS: Return to work was experienced as something constantly needing to be negotiated in the context of everyday life...
August 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792574/-supporting-the-return-to-work-following-sick-leave-for-a-depressive-disorder-why-and-how
#20
Chantal Sylvain, Marie-Josée Durand
Depressive disorders have become one of the main causes of sick leave in recent years. For the individuals concerned, the risk of long-term work disability is very real and generates considerable human and social costs, not to mention financial costs. Despite its importance, the issue of the return to work is rarely presented to primary care professionals, among others, as a priority to be factored into their clinical interventions. The latter thus have very few guidelines to help them choose the best intervention for promoting a timely return to work and may even question the relevance of such an objective...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
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