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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041954/combined-cognitive-and-vocational-interventions-after-mild-to-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Emilie I Howe, Knut-Petter S Langlo, Hans Christoffer Aargaard Terjesen, Cecilie Røe, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Helene L Søberg, Unni Sveen, Eline Aas, Heidi Enehaug, Daniele E Alves, Pål Klethagen, Kjersti Sagstad, Christine M Moen, Karin Torsteinsbrend, Anne-Margrethe Linnestad, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Birte Sand Rismyhr, Grete Wangen, Juan Lu, Jennie Ponsford, Elizabeth W Twamley, Helene Ugelstad, Øystein Spjelkavik, Marianne Løvstad, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: A considerable proportion of patients with mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience long-lasting somatic, cognitive, and emotional symptoms that may hamper their capacity to return to work (RTW). Although several studies have described medical, psychological, and work-related factors that predict RTW after TBI, well-controlled intervention studies regarding RTW are scarce. Furthermore, there has traditionally been weak collaboration among health-related rehabilitation services, the labor and welfare sector, and workplaces...
October 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038897/-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture-state-of-the-art
#2
REVIEW
M Braunstein, S F Baumbach, V Herterich, W Böcker, H Polzer
The most favorable treatment for acute Achilles tendon ruptures remains controversial. In particular, three key questions are intensively debated: is operative or non-operative treatment superior? If surgery is performed, should open or minimally invasive percutaneous techniques be used? How should the follow-up treatment be carried out? The aim of this article is to answer these essential questions based on the currently available evidence. Non-operative treatment leads to a higher rate of re-ruptures and inferior functional results when compared to operative treatment...
October 16, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036871/monitoring-of-need-for-recovery-and-prolonged-fatigue-within-the-working-population-evaluation-of-reliability-and-agreement-over-time
#3
H Hoofs, N W H Jansen, M W J Jansen, I J Kant
BACKGROUND: Need for recovery (NFR) and prolonged fatigue are two important concepts for monitoring short- and long-term outcomes of psychological job demands within employees. For effective monitoring it is, however, important to gain insight in the reproducibility of the instruments that are usedOBJECTIVE:The objective was to assess reproducibility of the NFR scale and Checklist Individual Strength (CIS), measuring NFR and prolonged fatigue respectively, in the working population. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the Maastricht Cohort Study (MCS) study was used, capturing 12,140 employees from 45 different companies at baseline...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036864/employment-pathways-of-individuals-with%C3%A2-spinal-cord-injury-living-in%C3%A2-switzerland-a-qualitative-study
#4
Albert Marti, Reuben Escorpizo, Urban Schwegler, Stefan Staubli, Bruno Trezzini
BACKGROUND: Labour market participation (LMP) represents a key goal of rehabilitation for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). To achieve this goal, Swiss SCI rehabilitation centres seek, together with their clients, viable follow-up solutions for returning to work after initial rehabilitation. However, the long-term outcomes of such vocational follow-up solutions have not been investigated so far, and there is a paucity of knowledge regarding the various types of employment pathways that persons with SCI living in Switzerland may experience...
October 9, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036861/task-intensity-influences-upper-limb-and-torso-kinematics-during-two-common-overhead-functional-capacity-evaluation-tasks
#5
Angelica E Lang, Clark R Dickerson
BACKGROUND: The Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) is a tool used in the return-to-work process to guide treatment and decision making. Individual abilities and maximum capacity can be determined through visual observations of changes in mechanics as intensity increases. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine kinematic differences between sexes and intensity levels of two common FCE tasks to establish normative behaviours. METHODS: Upper limb and torso kinematics were collected from 30 participants as they performed the overhead lift and overhead work FCE tasks...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036512/job-resignation-after-cancer-diagnosis-among-working-survivors-in-japan-timing-reasons-and-change-of-information-needs-over-time
#6
Miyako Takahashi, Miyako Tsuchiya, Yoshitsugu Horio, Hatsumi Funazaki, Kenjiro Aogi, Kazue Miyauchi, Yasuaki Arai
Objective: Despite advances in work-related policies for cancer survivors, support systems for working survivors in healthcare settings in Japan remain underdeveloped. We aimed to reveal (i) the present situation of cancer survivors' job resignation, the timing of resignation, and reasons for resignation; (ii) healthcare providers' screening behaviors of cancer survivors' work-related difficulties and (iii) changes to cancer survivors' information/support needs over time since diagnosis...
September 28, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034065/development-of-an-instrument-evaluating-the-impact-of-surgeon-patient-relationship-in-patients-on-sick-leave
#7
Thierry Dubert, Cedric Girault, Alexandre Kilink, Marc Rozenblat, Yves Lebellec, Anne-Lise Vataire, Myriam Vilasco, Gregory Katz
Background: To date, no specific instruments exist to measure the quality of the patient-surgeon relationship despite its potential to influence clinical and economic outcomes in patients undergoing surgery for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Objective: The objective was to develop and validate an instrument to assess the quality of the patient-surgeon relationship, taking into account the return to work after functional restoration surgery. Methods: The instrument development was based on literature review, cognitive interviews and expert examinations...
2017: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032275/association-of-socioeconomic-status-with-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-outcomes
#8
Betty K Hamilton, Lisa Rybicki, Sally Arai, Mukta Arora, Corey S Cutler, Mary E D Flowers, Madan Jagasia, Paul J Martin, Jeanne Palmer, Joseph Pidala, Navneet S Majhail, Stephanie J Lee, Nandita Khera
BACKGROUND: Chronic graft-versus host disease (GVHD) is a chronic and disabling complication after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). It is important to understand the association of socioeconomic status (SES) with health outcomes in patients with chronic GVHD because of the impaired physical health and dependence on intensive and prolonged health care utilization needs in these patients. METHODS: We evaluated the association of SES with survival and quality of life (QOL) in a cohort of 421 patients with chronic GVHD enrolled on the Chronic GVHD Consortium Improving Outcomes Assessment study...
October 12, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031306/everyday-life-after-a-radical-prostatectomy-a-qualitative-study-of-men-under-65%C3%A2-years-of-age
#9
Anne Wennick, Ann-Kristin Jönsson, Ola Bratt, Karin Stenzelius
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to illuminate how men under 65 years of age experience their everyday Life one year or more after a radical prostatectomy for localised prostate cancer. METHOD: Interviews with 19 men aged under 65 were performed 12-18 months after their radical prostatectomy. The interviews were analysed using a thematic content analysis. RESULTS: The analysis of the interviews revealed three categories of experiences: 'Paying a price for survival', 'Feeling sidestepped' and 'Living with death lurking around the corner'...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030973/returning-to-work-after-laparoscopic-myomectomy-a-prospective-observational-study
#10
Keren O Huff, Mehrnoosh Aref-Adib, Zwelihle Magama, Evangelia K Vlachodimitropoulou, Reeba Oliver, Funlayo Odejinmi
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic myomectomy offers women many benefits over conventional open surgery, including an expedited recovery and return to employment. Our study evaluates the time taken for women to return to work after laparoscopic myomectomy and identifies factors prolonging recovery to over eight weeks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 94 women undergoing laparoscopic myomectomy by a single surgeon between January 2012 and March 2015. Women had standardised pre-operative counseling and completed a validated return to work questionnaire three months post-operatively via telephone, post or in clinic...
October 14, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029642/post-trauma-morbidity-measured-as-sick-leave-is-substantial-and-influenced-by-factors-unrelated-to-injury-a-retrospective-matched-observational-cohort-study
#11
Erik von Oelreich, Mikael Eriksson, Olof Brattström, Andrea Discacciati, Lovisa Strömmer, Anders Oldner, Emma Larsson
BACKGROUND: Mortality as an endpoint has been the focus of trauma research whereas few studies investigate long-term outcomes in terms of morbidity. An adequate analysis of post-injury morbidity includes several dimensions, for this reason sick leave has been used as a proxy for morbidity in the current study. The aim of this retrospective matched observational cohort study was to investigate sick leave before and after trauma and factors associated with prolonged sick leave. METHODS: Patients from a level one trauma centre 2005-2010 were matched in a 1:5 ratio with uninjured controls...
October 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023756/working-memory-and-attention-are-still-impaired-after-three-years-in%C3%A2-patients-with-stress-related-exhaustion
#12
Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir, Arto Nordlund, Susanne Ellbin, Thomas Ljung, Kristina Glise, Peter Währborg, Anna Sjörs, Anders Wallin
Cognitive impairment is one of the most pronounced symptoms reported by patients with stress-related mental health problems. Impairments related to executive function and to some extent speed and attention are therefore common in patients with stress-related burnout/exhaustion. In this paper we present a follow-up of cognitive performance in patients with stress-related exhaustion several years after they initially sought medical care. Thirty patients and 27 healthy controls, mean age 49 years (SD 6.5) and 55 years (SD 6...
October 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023338/using-electronic-health-records-and-clinical-decision-support-to-provide-return-to-work-guidance-for-primary-care-practitioners-for-patients-with-low-back-pain
#13
Robert K McLellan, Nelson S Haas, Roman P Kownacki, Glenn S Pransky, James B Talmage, Marianne Dreger
OBJECTIVE: To describe the process by which a group of subject matter experts in the area of return to work developed a resource tool to provide clinical decision support (CDS) for primary care clinicians. METHODS: A common musculoskeletal disorder, low back pain (LBP), was selected, pertinent literature reviewed, and specific recommendations for action in the clinical setting developed. RESULTS: Primary care practitioners (PCPs) are routinely expected to create work activity prescriptions...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021881/chronic-traumatic-sagittal-band-injury-with-extensor-tendon-dislocation-report-of-a-case-and-new-surgical-technique
#14
S Y Or, Y C Khaw, P X Hwang, T K Ong
Chronic sagittal band injury with tendon dislocation of the extensor digitorum communis in the hand often requires operative stabilization. Various surgical techniques have been reported to repair and reconstruct the sagittal band. Nonetheless, most of the techniques are technically demanding and require donor graft. In this case report, we report a novel surgical technique to centralize and stabilize the tendon by reattaching the radial sagittal band with anchor sutures. The advantages of this new technique are simple, no donor morbidity and stable repair to restore the normal biomechanics of the tendon...
July 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019817/early-claim-modifiable-factors-associated-with-return-to-work-self-efficacy-among-workers-injured-at-work-are-there-differences-between-psychological-and-musculoskeletal-injuries
#15
Oliver Black, Malcolm R Sim, Alexander Collie, Peter Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate modifiable early-injury factors which are associated with self-efficacy to return-to-work (RTW-SE) and explore whether these factors are different for people with psychological or upper-body musculoskeletal (UB-MSK) injuries. METHODS: The study used a sample of workers with a UB-MSK (N = 244) or psychological (N = 113) injury who were off work. Differences between injury types were investigated across variables related to: (1) communication with RTW stakeholders; and (2) components of the job itself...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017504/positive-experiences-of-a-vocational-rehabilitation-intervention-for-individuals-on-long-term-sick-leave-the-dirigo-project-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study
#16
Åsa Andersén, Christian Ståhl, Ingrid Anderzén, Per Kristiansson, Kjerstin Larsson
BACKGROUND: The process of returning to work after long-term sick leave can sometimes be complex. Many factors, (e.g. cooperation between different authorities and the individual as well as individual factors such as health, emotional well-being and self-efficacy) may have an impact on an individual's ability to work. The aim of this study was to investigate clients' experiences with an individually tailored vocational rehabilitation, the Dirigo project, and encounters with professionals working on it...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016583/transabdominal-pre-peritoneal-mesh-repair-versus-lichtenstein-s-hernioplasty
#17
Rajan Koju, Ram Bhakta Koju, Balaram Malla, Yashad Dongol, Lok Bikram Thapa
BACKGROUND: In the era of minimal invasive surgery, hernia repair has seen a paradigm shift from open to laparoscopic technique. However, superiority of laparoscopic repair over open repair is still controversial. Available literatures have shown laparoscopic technique to be better in term of post-operative pain and early return to work. METHODS: In this prospective study, a total of 102 patients aged 21-78 years with inguinal hernia were recruited and enrolled into two comparative groups, namely Lichtenstein's and Transabdominal pre-peritoneal, and each group containing 51 participants...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990960/anesthesia-simulator-based-functional-capacity-evaluation-of-an-anesthesiologist-after-radial-fracture-a-case-report
#18
Ceferina Suarez, Jesús Maxide, Demian Szyld, Jose M Maestre
We used simulation as a job-specific functional capacity evaluation method after a distal radius fracture in an anesthesiologist. Treatment included open reduction followed by an internal fixation with an arthrodesis plate. The patient performed simulated anesthesia inductions to assess her response to endotracheal intubation, bag-mask ventilation, and the manual opening of the airway. Data collected helped to guide the rehabilitation protocol, and to assess pain and the time to safely return to work. The patient began her clinical duties after 7 weeks of therapy and was able to fully perform her daily tasks with confidence, and full functional capacity...
October 5, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990210/the-impact-of-practice-guidelines-on-opioid-utilization-for-injured-workers
#19
Christine Buttorff, Antonio J Trujillo, Renan Castillo, Andres I Vecino-Ortiz, Gerard F Anderson
BACKGROUND: Opioid use is rising in the US and may cause special problems in workers compensation cases, including addiction and preventing a return to work after an injury. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates a physician-level intervention to curb opioid usage. An insurer identified patients with out-of-guideline opioid utilization and called the prescribing physician to discuss the patient's treatment protocol. RESEARCH DESIGN: This study uses a differences-in-differences study design with a propensity-score-matched control group...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986414/prediction-of-work-resumption-and-sustainability-up-to-1-year-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Myrthe E de Koning, Myrthe E Scheenen, Harm J van der Horn, Marieke E Timmerman, Gerard Hageman, Gerwin Roks, Jacoba M Spikman, Joukje van der Naalt
OBJECTIVE: To study return to work (RTW) after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) at several intervals after injury and to predict RTW on the basis of occupational factors in addition to demographic, personality, and injury-related factors at 6 and 12 months after injury. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study (UPFRONT study, n = 1,151) of patients with mTBI admitted to the emergency department. Patients received questionnaires at 2 weeks and 3, 6, and 12 months after injury...
October 6, 2017: Neurology
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