keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

infection prophylaxy surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093434/forty-years-of-shunt-surgery-at-rigshospitalet-denmark-a-retrospective-study-comparing-past-and-present-rates-and-causes-of-revision-and-infection
#1
Philip Kofoed Månsson, Sofia Johansson, Morten Ziebell, Marianne Juhler
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review our experience of shunt surgery by investigating 40 years of development in terms of rates of revision and infection, shunt survival and risk factors. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Medical records and operative reports were reviewed retrospectively for all patients who underwent primary shunt surgery at our department in the years 2010 to 2012. All results were compared with a previous study from our department. A mixed population consisting of 434 patients was included...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091841/transumbilical-abdominal-incision-for-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-does-not-increase-the-risk-of-postoperative-surgical-site-infection
#2
Mizunori Yaegashi, Koki Otsuka, Toshimoto Kimura, Masanori Hakozaki, Megumu Kamishima, Tomoki Hatanaka, Kei Sato, Hitoshi Fujii, Teppei Matsuo, Akira Sasaki
PURPOSE: Besides antibiotic prophylaxis, antiseptic skin preparation is an important measure to prevent surgical site infection (SSI). No reports have detailed the relationship between SSI and umbilical microflora following laparoscopic colorectal cancer with a transumbilical longitudinal incision. METHODS: Risk factors and the rate of SSI were investigated in 453 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal resection over a 3-year period. Microbiological samples were collected from the umbilicus and SSI areas...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074152/optimal-dosage-of-cefmetazole-for-intraoperative-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer
#3
Atsushi Tomizawa, Takatoshi Nakamura, Toshiaki Komatsu, Hiroshi Inano, Rumiko Kondo, Masahiko Watanabe, Koichiro Atsuda
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported the dosage of cefmetazole (CMZ) for intraoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis in patients underwent surgery for colorectal cancer. We therefore examined the optimal intraoperative dosage of CMZ according to pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) theory in patients who undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer. METHODS: The study group comprised 23 patients with colorectal cancer who underwent surgery, using CMZ as antimicrobial treatment to prevent postoperative infection...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072903/laparoscopic-treatment-of-giant-ventral-hernia-experience-of-35-patients
#4
Michele Grande, Giorgio Lisi, Michela Campanelli, Simona Grande, Dario Venditti, Casimiro Nigro, Francesca Cabry, Massimo Villa
BACKGROUND: Minimal access surgery for incisional hernia repair is still debated, especially for giant wall defects. Laparoscopic repair may reduce pain and hospital stay. This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of the laparoscopic technique in giant hernia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2007 to 2013, 35 consecutive patients with giant ventral hernia, according to the Chevrel classification, underwent laparoscopic repair. Fourteen patients were obese, with a body mass index (BMI) > 30 and in 21 patients the mean BMI was 24 (range 22-28)...
January 10, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070870/defining-the-risk-and-associated-morbidity-and-mortality-of-severe-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-among-infants-with-congenital-heart-disease
#5
REVIEW
Paul A Checchia, Bosco Paes, Louis Bont, Paolo Manzoni, Eric A F Simões, Brigitte Fauroux, Josep Figueras-Aloy, Xavier Carbonell-Estrany
INTRODUCTION: The REGAL (RSV Evidence-a Geographical Archive of the Literature) series provide a comprehensive review of the published evidence in the field of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in Western countries over the last 20 years. This fourth publication covers the risk and burden of RSV infection in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken for articles published between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2015 across PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and Clinicaltrials...
January 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069040/anti-inflammatory-and-immune-regulatory-effects-of-acupuncture-after-craniotomy-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Seung-Yeon Cho, Seung-Bo Yang, Hee Sup Shin, Seung Hwan Lee, Jun Seok Koh, Seungwon Kwon, Woo-Sang Jung, Sang-Kwan Moon, Jung-Mi Park, Chang-Nam Ko, Seong-Uk Park
BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in the medical and surgical fields, complications such as infection, pneumonia, or brain swelling may occur after a craniotomy. In some patients, perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis causes adverse effects such as itching, rash, or digestive conditions. Certain patients still develop infections severe enough to require a repeat operation despite antibiotic prophylaxis. Acupuncture has been used to treat inflammatory conditions, and many basic and clinical studies have provided evidence of its anti-inflammatory and immune regulatory effects...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042262/dentists-knowledge-and-practice-regarding-prevention-of-infective-endocarditis
#7
Soukaina Ryalat, Yazan Hassona, Mohammad Al-Shayyab, Mais Abo-Ghosh, Faleh Sawair
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge and practice of dentists from Jordan, regarding prevention of infective endocarditis (IE) in dental practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of Jordanian dentists was interviewed regarding their IE knowledge and practice using a validated and pretested survey instrument. RESULTS: Most of the dentists have encountered a patient with IE who needed prophylactic antibiotic (PA) and have prescribed antibiotics to prevent IE...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027655/removal-of-hardware-after-syndesmotic-screw-fixation
#8
Kempland C Walley, Kurt J Hofmann, Brian T Velasco, John Y Kwon
BACKGROUND: While trans-syndesmotic fixation with metal screws is considered the gold standard in treating syndesmotic injuries, controversy exists regarding the need and timing of postoperative screw removal. Formal recommendations have not been well established in the literature and clinical practice is highly variable in this regard. The purpose of this systematic review is to critically examine the most recent literature regarding syndesmotic screw removal in order to provide surgeons an evidence-based approach to management of these injuries...
December 1, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025309/safety-and-efficacy-of-prophylactic-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-following-open-saphenous-vein-harvest-in-cardiac-surgery-a-feasibility-study
#9
Arthur J Lee, Christina E Sheppard, William D T Kent, Holly Mewhort, Khokan C Sikdar, Paul W M Fedak
OBJECTIVES: Surgical site complications following great saphenous vein (GSV) harvest presents a significant risk of morbidity. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has shown promise in the treatment and prophylaxis of open wounds and surgical incisions but has not been studied following GSV harvest. We performed a feasibility study examining the use of NPWT following GSV harvest for coronary bypass surgery. METHODS: Sixty-four patients were recruited in this single-centre, single-blind, randomized controlled trial...
December 26, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010057/-assessment-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-adequacy-in-rectal-surgery
#10
J A Del-Moral-Luque, E Colás-Ruiz, P Gil-Yonte, J M Fernández-Cebrián, M C Villar-Del-Campo, A Delgado-Iribarren, J F Valverde-Cánovas, G Rodríguez-Caravaca
OBJECTIVE: Antibiotic prophylaxis is the most suitable tool for preventing surgical site infection (SSI), so the development of guidelines and assessment of its monitoring is essential. In this study protocol compliance of antibiotic prophylaxis in rectal surgery and the effect of its adequacy in terms of pre-ention of SSI was assessed. METHODS: Prospective cohort study was conducted from 1 January 2009 to 30 December 2015. The degree of compliance with antibiotic prophylaxis and causes of non-compliance in rectal surgery was evaluated...
December 23, 2016: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007104/dose-and-administration-of-intracameral-moxifloxacin-for-prophylaxis-of-postoperative-endophthalmitis
#11
Steve A Arshinoff, Milad Modabber
PURPOSE: To review current and past practices of intracameral antibiotic administration for infection prophylaxis in cataract surgery; to review the benefits and liabilities of available prophylactic drugs, dosage determination, and administration protocols; and to devise an optimum dose and administration protocol for intracameral moxifloxacin. SETTING: Humber River Hospital and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of treatment modality...
December 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994776/antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-instrumented-spinal-fusion-surgery-a-comparative-analysis-of-24-hour-and-72-hour-dosages
#12
Chandrasekaran Marimuthu, Vineet Thomas Abraham, Mirunalini Ravichandran, Rajamani Achimuthu
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of 24-hour and 72-hour antibiotic prophylaxis in preventing surgical site infections (SSIs). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgical practice has become a universally accepted protocol for minimizing postoperative complications related to infections. Although prophylaxis is an accepted practice, a debate exists with regard to the antibiotic type and its administration duration for various surgical procedures...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980326/cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-pre-surgical-assessment-of-mandibular-third-molars
#13
Patrick A Fee, Alison Wright, Claudia Cunningham
DesignMulticentre, randomised controlled clinical trial.InterventionPatients referred for third molar removal received a digital panoramic radiograph(PR). Adults with one or more lower third molars in a close relationship with the mandibular canal were eligible for the study. Patients randomised to the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) group received a high resolution CBCT scan in addition to the PR. All lower third molar extractions were performed under local anaesthesia without sedation and without antibiotic prophylaxis...
December 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955626/antibiotics-and-antiseptics-for-preventing-infection-in-people-receiving-revision-total-hip-and-knee-prostheses-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Jeffrey Voigt, Michael Mosier, Rabih Darouiche
BACKGROUND: Infection rates in revision (second and subsequent) major joint arthroplasty continues to be a significant issue with rates 2-3 times those of primary procedures. The effect of antibiotic and antiseptic prophylaxis on outcomes for this type of surgery has not been adequately reviewed. METHODS: A systematic search of the main databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating antibiotics and antiseptics was conducted to evaluate the predetermined endpoints of infection...
December 12, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938988/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-post-hysterectomy-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#15
Aurora Pop-Vicas, Jackson S Musuuza, Michelle Schmitz, Ahmed Al-Niaimi, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis and surgical technological advances have greatly reduced, but not totally eliminated surgical site infection (SSI) posthysterectomy. We aimed to identify risk factors for SSI posthysterectomy among women with a high prevalence of gynecologic malignancies, in a tertiary care setting where compliance with the Joint Commission's Surgical Care Improvement Project core measures is excellent. METHODS: The study was a matched case-control, 2 controls per case, matched on date of surgery...
December 9, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938774/a-48-year-old-man-with-leukopenia-jaundice-and-skin-rash-after-lung%C3%A2-transplantation
#16
Ali Ataya, Abhishek Biswas, Satish Chandrashekaran, Juan C Salgado, Steven S Goldstein, Amir M Emtiazjoo
A 48-year-old African-American male subject presented with progressive fatigue, jaundice, and new-onset leukopenia 12 weeks after undergoing bilateral lung transplantation for advanced pulmonary sarcoidosis. His transplant surgery and immediate posttransplantation course were uneventful. Induction immunosuppression included methylprednisolone 500 mg intraoperatively and basiliximab (anti-IL-2 monoclonal antibody) on days 0 and 4 after transplantation. His maintenance immunosuppression posttransplantation was prednisone 20 mg daily, tacrolimus with target tacrolimus levels 10 to 15 ng/mL, and mycophenolate mofetil 750 mg twice daily...
December 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932514/long-term-therapy-with-wu-ling-san-a-popular-antilithic-chinese-herbal-formula-did-not-prevent-subsequent-stone-surgery-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#17
San-Yuan Wu, Huey-Yi Chen, Kao-Sung Tsai, Jen-Huai Chiang, Chih-Hsin Muo, Fung-Chang Sung, Yung-Hsiang Chen, Wen-Chi Chen
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), which is widely used to treat pain and urolithiasis, is a promising therapy for urinary stone prevention. This study investigated the clinical efficacy of a popular CHM, Wu-Ling-San (WLS), in Taiwan for the prophylaxis of recurrent nephrolithiasis as assessed by surgical stone treatment via a nationwide population-based cohort study. The National Health Insurance Research Database, 2000-2010, which included one million patient records. All patients diagnosed with stone disease at the beginning of the study...
2016: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924434/prophylactic-antibiotics-for-percutaneous-endovascular-procedures
#18
REVIEW
N S Greaves, E Katsogridakis, B Faris, D Murray
Percutaneous endovascular techniques are used increasingly in the vascular armamentarium. Commonly performed as day case procedures under local anaesthetic, they are suited to the highly co-morbid vascular patient population. Furthermore, technological advances have resulted in ever improving outcomes for aneurysmal and occlusive disease. Endovascular procedures such as endovascular aneurysm repair or iliac artery stenting are traditionally associated with reduced infectious complications compared to equivalent open techniques...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923215/timing-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-preventing-surgical-site-infections-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#19
Direk Tantigate, Eugene Jang, Mani Seetharaman, Peter C Noback, A M Heijne, Justin K Greisberg, J Turner Vosseller
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are one of the most troublesome complications after foot and ankle surgery. Previous literature has emphasized the significance of appropriate timing of antibiotic prophylaxis. However, the optimal timing of antibiotic prophylaxis for SSI prevention is still inconclusive. Our study aimed to investigate the optimal timing of antibiotic administration and to elucidate the risk factors for SSIs in foot and ankle surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of 1933 foot and ankle procedures in 1632 patients from January 1, 2011, through August 31, 2015, was performed...
October 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922894/antimicrobial-prophylaxis-practice-patterns-in-breast-augmentation-a-national-survey-of-current-practice
#20
Karan Chopra, Arvind U Gowda, Colton H L McNichols, Emile N Brown, Sheri Slezak, Yvonne Rasko
BACKGROUND: Breast augmentation is one of the most commonly performed aesthetic surgery procedures worldwide. Bacterial contamination is of paramount concern due to its role in biofilm formation and capsular contracture. Plastic surgeons have adopted a variety of perioperative interventions in efforts to reduce implant contamination, however definitive evidence supporting these practices is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess current practice patterns aimed at reducing implant-related infections in breast augmentation and comparing them to current evidence-based medicine recommendations...
December 5, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
keyword
keyword
118058
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"