keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

infection prophylaxy surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679951/surgical-site-infection-rate-after-hemilaminectomy-and-laminectomy-in-dogs-without-perioperative-antibiotic-therapy
#1
Barbara A R Dyall, Hugo G Schmökel
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this study was to retrospectively review the surgical site infection (SSI) rate in dogs undergoing laminectomies without perioperative antibiotics, and compare those data with the expected infection rate for clean surgical wounds in dogs undergoing similar procedures. METHODS:  This was a retrospective single-centre study composed of dogs that underwent hemilaminectomies or laminectomies for thoracolumbar disc herniation or lumbosacral disease during a 2-year period (during 2015 and 2016)...
April 21, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679194/posterior-cranial-fossa-and-spinal-local-infections
#2
Federico Bianchi, Gianpiero Tamburrini
OBJECT: The aim of this paper is to review the current knowledge on the management of local infections in posterior cranial fossa (PCF) and spinal surgery; the center of our paper will be the diagnosis and management of infections of the wound, the subcutaneous tissue, and muscle strata. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Very few papers address the problem of local infections in posterior cranial fossa and spinal surgery. The largest amount of the literature data is indeed centered on how to deal with deep infections, CSF leak, and secondary meningitis or hardware infection...
April 20, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676703/effect-of-intraoperative-single-shot-application-of-vancomycin-in-liver-transplant-recipients-on-postoperative-infections-with-enterococcus-faecium-and-enterococcus-faecalis
#3
Christian Siebers, Johannes Kinzinger, Ludwig C Hinske, Andreas Bauer, Patrick Scheiermann, Michael Zoller, Markus Guba, Martin Angele, Sebastian Pratschke, Thomas Weig
OBJECTIVES: Infections are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the early postoperative period after liver transplant. We observed a high rate of enterococcal infections at our center. Therefore, we added an intraoperative single shot of vancomycin to the standard regimen of meropenem given over 5 days. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of both Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis infections during the first 28 days after surgery depending on the type of antibiotic prophylaxis and their implications on mortality and morbidity...
April 20, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674370/effect-of-a-single-prophylactic-preoperative-oral-antibiotic-dose-on-surgical-site-infection-following-complex-dermatological-procedures-on-the-nose-and-ear-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-double-blinded-trial
#4
Helena Rosengren, Clare F Heal, Petra G Buttner
OBJECTIVES: There is limited published research studying the effect of antibiotic prophylaxis on surgical site infection (SSI) in dermatological surgery, and there is no consensus for its use in higher-risk cases. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a single oral preoperative 2 g dose of cephalexin in preventing SSI following flap and graft dermatological closures on the nose and ear. DESIGN: Prospective double-blinded, randomised, placebo-controlled trial testing for difference in infection rates...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658820/umbilical-microbiome-and-laparoscopic-surgery-a-descriptive-clinical-study
#5
Alberto Aiolfi, Emanuele Asti, Elena Costa, Davide Ferrari, Gianluca Bonitta, Paola Gaia, Milvana Tedaja, Luigi Bonavina
BACKGROUND: The human skin microbiome consists of colonizing and pathogen germs. The umbilical dimple is a humid environment prone to bacterial colonization and growth. In the laparoscopic era, the umbilicus has become the most common site of entrance into the peritoneum. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of umbilical microflora before antiseptic skin preparation. METHODS: Descriptive single-center study. A series of patients who underwent laparoscopic/open and elective/urgent abdominal surgery over a 2-month period were included...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652754/pattern-of-antibiotic-prescription-for-oral-implant-treatment-among-dentists-in-saudi-arabia
#6
Khalid E El-Kholey, Othman Wali, Aamna Elkomy, Ahmed Almozayen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate antibiotic prophylaxis prescription behavior among dentists practicing dental implant surgery in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational questionnaire study was conducted in the period between October 2016 and December 2016. A link to an online previously validated questionnaire was sent to a convenience sample of dentists practicing dental implant placement in the different areas of Saudi Arabia. Absolute frequencies were used to describe the data...
April 12, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649026/evidence-review-conducted-for-the-agency-for-healthcare-research-and-quality-safety-program-for-improving-surgical-care-and-recovery-focus-on-anesthesiology-for-colorectal-surgery
#7
Kristen A Ban, Melinda M Gibbons, Clifford Y Ko, Elizabeth C Wick, Maxime Cannesson, Michael J Scott, Michael C Grant, Christopher L Wu
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, in partnership with the American College of Surgeons and the Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, has developed the Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery (ISCR), which is a national effort to disseminate best practices in perioperative care to more than 750 hospitals across multiple procedures in the next 5 years. The program will integrate evidence-based processes central to enhanced recovery and prevention of surgical site infection, venous thromboembolic events, catheter-associated urinary tract infections with socioadaptive interventions to improve surgical outcomes, patient experience, and perioperative safety culture...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648669/a-clinical-prediction-model-for-surgical-site-infections-in-dermato-logical-surgery
#8
Xiaomeng Liu, Nicole W J Kelleners-Smeets, Melissa Sprengers, Vishal Hira, Klara Mosterd, Patty J Nelemans
To adequately identify patients at risk for surgical site infection in dermatological surgery and effectively prescribe antibiotic prophylaxis, a prediction model may be helpful. Such a model was developed using data from 1,407 patients who underwent dermatological surgery without antibiotic prophylaxis. The multivariable logistic regression model included type of closure, tumour location and defect size as risk factors. Bootstrapping was used for internal validation. The overall performance of the model was good, with an area under the curve of 84...
April 12, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644481/efficacious-cefazolin-prophylactic-dose-for-morbidly-obese-women-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-based-on-evidence-from-subcutaneous-microdialysis-and-populational-pharmacokinetic-modeling
#9
Eduardo Celia Palma, Nelson Guardiola Meinhardt, Airton Tetelbom Stein, Isabela Heineck, Maria Isabel Fischer, BibianaVerlindo de Araújo, Teresa Dalla Costa
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacious cefazolin prophylactic dose for bariatric surgery using free subcutaneous concentrations accessed by microdialysis after 2 g or 3 g i.v. bolus dosing to morbidly obese women and POPPK modeling. METHODS: A POPPK model with variable plasma and subcutaneous tissue protein binding was developed to simultaneously describe plasma and tissue data sets. The outcomes was predicted for common surgical site infection (SSI) bacteria over 3, 4, 5 and 6 h periods postdose, as probability of target attainment (PTA) using Monte Carlo simulation...
April 11, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624209/withdrawn-grommets-ventilation-tubes-for-recurrent-acute-otitis-media-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Loretta Lau, Paul Mick, Desmond A Nunez
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in The Cochrane Library in Issue 4, 2008 and previously updated in 2011.Acute suppurative otitis media is one of the most common infectious diseases in childhood. Recurrent acute otitis media is defined for the purposes of this review as either three or more acute infections of the middle ear cleft in a six-month period, or at least four episodes in a year. Strategies for managing the condition include the assessment and modification of risk factors where possible, repeated courses of antibiotics for each new infection, antibiotic prophylaxis and the insertion of ventilation tubes (grommets)...
April 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623705/centella-asiatica-centellicum%C3%A2-facilitates-the-regular-healing-of-surgical-scars-in-subjects-at-high-risk-of-keloids
#11
Roberto Cotellese, Shu Hu, Gianni Belcaro, Andrea Ledda, Beatrice Feragalli, Mark Dugall, Morio Hosoi, Edmondo Ippolito
BACKGROUND: Formation of scars after surgical incisions requires the proper appositions of elements contributing to the scarring process. The structural rebuilding of damaged tissues is essential in producing a linear scar. The excess of blood, foreign particles, exuberant sutures, necrotic tissue, possible infective agents, as well as the ongoing inflammatory process may produce a non-linear, sometimes painful keloidal scar. Centella asiatica (CA) extracts have been used topically since ancient times for preventing keloids (i...
April 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619911/early-use-of-etanercept-for-graft-versus-host-disease-after-liver-transplant-the-importance-of-broad-spectrum-infective-prophylaxis
#12
Annalisa Boscolo, Eugenia Menin, Beatrice Zelaschi, Laura Albertoni, Giacomo Zanus, Fabio Baratto
Graft-versus-host-disease after orthotopic liver transplant is a rare and life-threatening complication. The diagnosis is challenging and usually confirmed by chimerism and skin biopsies. The most common cause of death is sepsis (60%), and broad-spectrum antibiotics and antifungal prophylaxis are strongly recommended. We present a case of a 61-year-old man with hepatocellular carcinoma and a previous history of metabolic and alcoholic cirrhosis who underwent orthotopic liver transplant. The immunosuppression regimen consisted of corticosteroids, calcineurin inhibitor, and mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 inhibitor...
April 4, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609860/prophylaxis-of-surgical-site-infection-in-adult-spine-surgery-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Reina Yao, Terence Tan, Jin Wee Tee, John Street
INTRODUCTION: Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a significant source of morbidity in spine surgery, with reported rates varying from 0.7 to 16%. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and evaluate the evidence for strategies for prophylaxis of SSI in adult spine surgery in the last twenty years. METHODS: Two independent systematic searches were conducted, at two international spine centers, encompassing PubMed, ClinicalTrials.gov, Cochrane Database, EBSCO Medline, ScienceDirect, Ovid Medline, EMBASE (Ovid), and MEDLINE...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605752/incidence-and-risk-factor-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-patients-undergoing-craniotomy-for-brain-tumors-a-japanese-single-center-retrospective-study
#14
Fumi Nakano, Toshio Matsubara, Tomoki Ishigaki, Seiji Hatazaki, Genshin Mouri, Yoshinari Nakatsuka, Hidenori Suzuki
INTRODUCTION: It has been reported that brain tumor resection by craniotomy is a high risk for deep venous thrombosis (DVT), though few data is available in Japanese patients. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for DVT in Japanese adult patients with brain tumor surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of Japanese adult patients with craniotomy for brain tumor were reviewed. In addition to clinical variables including patients' age, sex, body mass index, previous history of DVT, leg paresis, medications, tumor histology, surgical factors, adjuvant therapy, infection, and duration of post-operative immobilization and hospitalization, plasma D-dimer levels were measured at pre-surgery (baseline), on post-operative day (POD) one to 30 and during adjuvant therapy, and were compared between patients with and without DVT...
March 27, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601449/antifungal-treatment-and-outcome-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-population-based-observational-study-of-the-german-neonatal-network
#15
Ingmar Fortmann, Annika Hartz, Pia Paul, Ferdinand Pulzer, Andreas Müller, Ralf Böttger, Hans Proquitté, Kristin Dawczynski, Arne Simon, Jan Rupp, Egbert Herting, Wolfgang Göpel, Christoph Härtel
INTRODUCTION: The diagnostic proof of fungal infection in preterm infants is difficult. Antifungal treatment (AFT) is often initiated empirically when infants with suspected infection do not improve despite broad spectrum antibiotic therapy. It was the aim of our study to determine the rate of exposure to empirical AFT in a large cohort of very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) of the German Neonatal Network (GNN) and to address associated risks and outcomes. METHODS: The epidemiological database consisted of n= 13...
March 29, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582969/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-neurosurgical-site-infections-results-of-a-prospective-multicenter-cohort-study-on-6359-surgeries
#16
Laura Valentini, Francesca Chiaffarino, Nicoletta Bonfanti, Marilou Pannacci, Paolo Cortellazzi, Caterina Uberti-Foppa, Marika Furlanetto, Francesco DI Meco, Luca Massimi
OBJECTIVES: Neurosurgical surgical site infections (SSI) are life-threatening complications, requiring medical treatment and additional surgeries and remain a substantial cause of morbidity. In order to identify the incidence and the main risk factors for SSI, we developed the Prophylaxis with Antibiotic protocol for neuroSurgical Site Infections Study (PASSIS), a prospective observational multicenter cohort study for examining a large number of neurosurgical procedures. METHODS: The study PASSIS involved four Italian Neurosurgical Departments applying the same antibiotic prophylaxis (ABP) protocol on 6359 consecutive neurosurgical procedures...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574180/venous-thromboembolism-related-readmission-in-emergency-general-surgery-patients-a-role-for-prophylaxis-upon-discharge
#17
Michael P DeWane, Kimberly A Davis, Kevin M Schuster, Adrian A Maung, Robert D Becher
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing emergency general surgery (EGS) operations suffer high rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The rates at which thrombus formation occurs after discharge, and whether VTE prophylaxis upon discharge may be warranted to prevent readmission, is unknown. This analysis aimed to determine risk factors associated with VTE formation after discharge for EGS operations. STUDY DESIGN: An analysis of the American College of Surgeons NSQIP database from 2013 and 2014 of patients undergoing 10 common EGS operations in an emergent fashion...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570917/kinetic-of-the-cmv-specific-t-cell-immune-response-and-cmv-infection-in-cmv-seropositive-kidney-transplant-recipients-receiving-rabbit-anti-thymocyte-globulin-induction-therapy-a-pilot-study
#18
Cecilia Martín-Gandul, Pilar Pérez-Romero, Damián Mena-Romo, Alejandro Molina-Ortega, Francisco M González-Roncero, Marta Suñer, Gabriel Bernal, Elisa Cordero
BACKGROUND: Some studies have suggested that rATG treatment may be associated with an increased incidence of CMV infection and delayed CMV immune response. However, the evidences supporting this matter are scarce. This study aims to characterize the kinetic of the CMV-specific T-cell immune response before and after rATG induction therapy and the relationship with the development of CMV infection in CMV-seropositive kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: An observational prospective study of CMV-seropositive kidney transplant patients that received rATG induction therapy was performed...
March 23, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555547/working-party-approved-by-the-french-society-of-anaesthesia-and-intensive-care-medicine-sfar-and-the-french-society-for-the-study-of-diabetes-sfd
#19
Cheisson Gaëlle, Jacqueminet Sophie, Cosson Emmanuel, Ichai Carole, Leguerrier Anne-Marie, Nicolescu-Catargi Bogdan, Ouattara Alexandre, Tauveron Igor, Valensi Paul, Benhamou Dan
Perioperative hyperglycaemia (>1.80g/L or 10 mmol/L) increases morbidity (particularly due to infection) and mortality. Hypoglycaemia can be managed in the perioperative period by decreasing blood sugar levels with insulin between 0.90 and 1.80g/l but it may occur more frequently when the goal is strict normoglycaemia. We propose continuous administration of insulin therapy via an electronic syringe (IVES) in type-1 diabetes (T1D) and type-2 diabetes (T2D) patients if required or in cases of stress hyperglycaemia...
March 16, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548256/prophylactic-antibiotherapy-in-hip-arthroplasty-cohort-study
#20
M Garrote-Garrote, J A Del-Moral-Luque, A Checa-García, J F Valverde-Cánovas, C Campelo-Gutiérrez, J Martínez-Martín, A Gil-de-Miguel, G Rodríguez-Caravaca
OBJECTIVE: The surgical site infection is the main cause of nosocomial infection in surgical patients, being antibiotic prophylaxis one of the most important factors for preventing it. This study evaluates adequacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in hip arthroplasty surgery as well as its effect on preventing surgical site infection. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out from January 2011 to December 2016. We assessed the degree of adequacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in hip arthroplasty...
March 14, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
keyword
keyword
118058
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"