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Fucoxanthin supplement

Snezana Agatonovic-Kustrin, David W Morton, Petar Ristivojević
The aim of this study was to develop and validate a rapid and simple high performance thin layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method to screen for antioxidant activity in algal samples. 16 algal species were collected from local Victorian beaches. Fucoxanthin, one of the most abundant marine carotenoids was quantified directly from the HPTLC plates before derivatization, while derivatization either with 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) or ferric chloride (FeCl3) was used to analyze antioxidants in marine algae, based on their ability to scavenge non biological stable free radical (DPPH) or to chelate iron ions...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Kh Muradian, A Vaiserman, K-J Min, V E Fraifeld
AIMS: Accumulating data suggest that food supplementation with seaweeds which traditionally are an important part of food culture in South-East Asian countries might lead to essential health benefits. In this short review, we summarize findings from experimental studies on the effects of fucoxanthin (a carotenoid derived from brown seaweeds) on lipid metabolism, adiposity, and related conditions and discuss the possible underlying mechanisms. DATA SYNTHESIS: Supplementation of fucoxanthin or its derivatives consistently attenuated body and visceral fat weight gain, lipid accumulation in the liver, decreases insulin resistance, and improves the plasma lipid profile in rodents fed a high-fat diet...
October 2015: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Bharathi Avula, Yan-Hong Wang, Ikhlas A Khan
The study involves the analysis of total arsenic (As) in metallic form, and organic and inorganic As species from seaweeds and dietary supplements. The analysis provides data for dietary exposure estimates of inorganic species that are considered more toxic to humans than organic and total As. Total As was determined by acid digestion followed by inductively coupled plasma (ICP)-MS. To characterize the As species, solvent extraction with sonication and microwave extraction using various aqueous and aqueous/organic solvent mixtures were initially evaluated...
March 2015: Journal of AOAC International
Maria Alessandra Gammone, Nicolantonio D'Orazio
Nowadays the global tendency towards physical activity reduction and an augmented dietary intake of fats, sugars and calories is leading to a growing propagation of overweight, obesity and lifestyle-related diseases, such diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome. In particular, obesity, characterized as a state of low-level inflammation, is a powerful determinant both in the development of insulin resistance and in the progression to type 2 diabetes. A few molecular targets offer hope for anti-obesity therapeutics...
April 2015: Marine Drugs
Arthitaya Kawee-Ai, Sang Moo Kim
Intestinal bacterial beta-glucuronidases are capable of retoxifying compounds that have been detoxified by liver glucuronidation and are also known to accelerate colon cancer invasion and metastasis. In this study, fucoxanthin extracted from the microalga Phaeodactylum tricornutum was investigated for its inhibitory activity against Escherichia coli beta-glucuronidase and DLD-1 cancer cells. Fucoxanthin inhibited beta-glucuronidase in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC50 value of 2.32 mM and a mixed inhibition type...
July 2014: Natural Product Communications
Anna Piovan, Raffaella Filippini, Mauro De Paoli, Bruno Bresin
Studies have evidenced the biological properties of fucoxanthin and the commercialisation of various nutritional supplements based on seaweed extracts that claim high fucoxanthin content is constantly growing. However, it was demonstrated that fucoxanthin is highly susceptible to degradation, and in this context the need for simple and reliable analytical methods for fucoxanthin analysis is evident. This article presents a simple thin-layer chromatography (TLC) densitometric method for the determination of fucoxanthin from Undaria pinnatifida extracts and commercial formulations...
2014: Natural Product Research
Meng-Ting Wu, Hong-Nong Chou, Ching-jang Huang
The mechanism for how fucoxanthin (FX) suppressed adipose accumulation is unclear. We aim to investigate the effects of FX on metabolic rate and expressions of genes related to thermogenesis, mitochondria biogenesis and homeostasis. Using a 2 × 2 factorial design, four groups of mice were respectively fed a high sucrose (50% sucrose) or a high-fat diet (23% butter + 7% soybean oil) supplemented with or without 0.2% FX. FX significantly increased oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production and reduced white adipose tissue (WAT) mass...
February 2014: Marine Drugs
Ae Wha Ha, Se Jung Na, Woo Kyoung Kim
The purpose of this study was to determine the antioxidant effect of fucoxanthin. After rats were fed a normal fat diet (NF), high fat diet (HF), and high fat with 0.2% fucoxanthin diet (HF + Fxn) for 4 weeks, the markers of oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity like lipid peroxidation, plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and activities of antioxidant enzymes (catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and gluthathione peroxidase (GSH-Px)) were determined. mRNA expression of transcription factor, nuclear erythroid factor like 2 (Nrf2), and its target genes such as NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase1 (NQO1) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were also determined...
December 2013: Nutrition Research and Practice
Cong-ping Tan, Yun-hua Hou
Obesity, characterized as a state of low-level inflammation, is a powerful determinant influencing the development of insulin resistance and progression to type 2 diabetes. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of fucoxanthin in experimental high-fat-diet-induced obesity in mice and antioxidant activity in PC12 cells under oxidative stress situation. The anti-inflammatory potential of fucoxanthin in the regulation of maleic dialdehyde (MDA), polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) was determined by ELISA...
April 2014: Inflammation
Ae Wha Ha, Woo Kyoung Kim
This study determined the effects of fucoxanthin on gene expressions related to lipid metabolism in rats with a high-fat diet. Rats were fed with normal fat diet (NF, 7% fat) group, high fat diet group (HF, 20% fat), and high fat with 0.2% fucoxanthin diet group (HF+Fxn) for 4 weeks. Body weight changes and lipid profiles in plasma, liver, and feces were determined. The mRNA expressions of transcriptional factors such as sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1c, Carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT1), Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase1 (CYP7A1) as well as mRNA expression of several lipogenic enzymes were determined...
August 2013: Nutrition Research and Practice
Armando T Quitain, Takahisa Kai, Mitsuru Sasaki, Motonobu Goto
Undaria pinnatifida, commonly known as wakame in Japan, is one species of brown seaweeds containing valuable bioactive organic compounds such as fucoxanthin, a carotenoid, which has numerous functional properties. However, most of the seaweeds that do not meet strict quality standards are normally discarded as wastes or returned to the sea, a situation which is becoming an environmental concern. In this research, supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO₂) extraction was investigated for the isolation of fucoxanthin...
June 19, 2013: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Srinivasan Muthuirulappan, Steffi Pulikodan Francis
Recently, use of natural products available from marine sources, and especially algae products, are receiving more attention. Scientific evidence for claimed nutraceutical and therapeutical effects of one such marine algae product, fucoxanthin, is discussed in this paper with a summary of the currently available literature regarding its antioxidant, anti-obesity and anticancer activities. It is safe for use in humans, but as it has poor solubility a nano-suspension mode of delivery may be adopted to improve efficacy of supplements...
2013: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Takuji Tanaka, Masahito Shnimizu, Hisataka Moriwaki
Carotenoids are natural fat-soluble pigments that provide bright coloration to plants and animals. Dietary intake of carotenoids is inversely associated with the risk of a variety of cancers in different tissues. Preclinical studies have shown that some carotenoids have potent antitumor effects both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting potential preventive and/or therapeutic roles for the compounds. Since chemoprevention is one of the most important strategies in the control of cancer development, molecular mechanism-based cancer chemoprevention using carotenoids seems to be an attractive approach...
2012: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Graziano Riccioni
Oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen species plays an important role in the etiology of many diseases. Dietary phytochemical products, such as bioactive food components and marine carotenoids (asthaxantin, lutein, β-carotene, fucoxanthin), have shown an antioxidant effect in reducing oxidative markers stress. Scientific evidence supports the beneficial role of phytochemicals in the prevention of some chronic diseases. Many carotenoids with high antioxidant properties have shown a reduction in disease risk both in epidemiological studies and supplementation human trials...
January 2012: Marine Drugs
Xiaojie Hu, Yanmei Li, Chunhua Li, Yuanqing Fu, Fang Cai, Qi Chen, Duo Li
The present study investigated the effects of combined fucoxanthin (Fc) and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on high-fat diet-induced obese rats. Thirty five rats were divided into four groups, fed a high-fat diet (Control, 15% fat, wt/wt), supplemented with low Fc (FCL, 0.083 mg/kg/bw), high Fc (FCH, 0.167 mg/kg/bw) and FCL (0.083 mg/kg/bw) plus CLA (0.15 g/kg/bw) (FCL+CLA) for 52 d. Body weight and white adipose tissue (WAT) weight were significantly suppressed in FCL+CLA group than those in control group. WAT weight was also markedly attenuated in FCL and FCH groups...
March 1, 2012: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
A E Jeukendrup, R Randell
The term 'fat burner' is used to describe nutrition supplements that are claimed to acutely increase fat metabolism or energy expenditure, impair fat absorption, increase weight loss, increase fat oxidation during exercise, or somehow cause long-term adaptations that promote fat metabolism. Often, these supplements contain a number of ingredients, each with its own proposed mechanism of action and it is often claimed that the combination of these substances will have additive effects. The list of supplements that are claimed to increase or improve fat metabolism is long; the most popular supplements include caffeine, carnitine, green tea, conjugated linoleic acid, forskolin, chromium, kelp and fucoxanthin...
October 2011: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Edgar P Moraes, Francisco Javier Rupérez, Merichel Plaza, Miguel Herrero, Coral Barbas
There is a need of scientific evidence of claimed nutraceutical effects, but also there is a social movement towards the use of natural products and among them algae are seen as rich resources. Within this scenario, the development of methodology for rapid and reliable assessment of markers of efficiency and security of these extracts is necessary. The rat treated with streptozotocin has been proposed as the most appropriate model of systemic oxidative stress for studying antioxidant therapies. Cystoseira is a brown alga containing fucoxanthin and other carothenes whose pressure-assisted extracts were assayed to discover a possible beneficial effect on complications related to diabetes evolution in an acute but short-term model...
August 2011: Electrophoresis
Tomoko Okada, Yasuyuki Mizuno, Shinichi Sibayama, Masashi Hosokawa, Kazuo Miyashita
Based on previous research findings, a capsule was developed containing n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid rich scallop phospholipids (PLs) with an incorporation of brown seaweed (Undaria pinnatifida) lipids (ULs) containing fucoxanthin. The antiobesity effects of the capsules were evaluated with an animal model using 3-wk-old male KK-A(y) mice. Each group received different combinations of lipid (UL, PL, UL + PL, or UL + PL capsule) either incorporated into the diet or into drinking water. Animals were sacrificed after a 4-wk experimental feeding period, and adipose tissues and organs were dissected and weighed...
January 2011: Journal of Food Science
Kazuo Miyashita, Sho Nishikawa, Fumiaki Beppu, Takayuki Tsukui, Masayuki Abe, Masashi Hosokawa
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are pathologies with rapidly growing prevalence throughout the world. A few molecular targets offer the most hope for anti-obesity and anti-diabetic therapeutics. One of the keys to success will be the induction of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) in abdominal white adipose tissue (WAT) and the regulation of cytokine secretions from both abdominal adipose cells and macrophage cells infiltrated into adipose tissue. Anti-obesity and anti-diabetic effects of fucoxanthin, a characteristic carotenoid found in brown seaweeds, have been reported...
May 2011: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
H J Park, M K Lee, Y B Park, Y C Shin, M S Choi
This study was performed to evaluate the beneficial effect of Undaria pinnatifida ethanol extract (UEFx) on insulin resistance in diet-induced obese mice. A high-fat diet was supplemented with the UEFx at 0.69% (wt/wt) dose, which contains an equivalent amount of 0.02% fucoxanthin (wt/wt), or with Fx at 0.02% (wt/wt) dose in diet. After 9 weeks, both UEFx supplement significantly lowered the amount of visceral fat, the size of adipocyte, the fasting blood glucose concentration, the plasma insulin and the insulin resistance index similar to pure as shown by Fx supplement, compared to the high-fat (HF) control group...
April 2011: Food and Chemical Toxicology
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