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Fucoxanthin supplement

Meiko Ito, Kaisei Koba, Risako Hikihara, Mami Ishimaru, Toshiyuki Shibata, Hideo Hatate, Ryusuke Tanaka
The functional chemical substances and the antioxidant activity of lipids in 21 marine algae along the Japanese coast were investigated. Principal component analysis was performed to detect any correlation between the chemical substances and algae phylum. Chlorophyta contained a high level of β-carotene. Rhodophyta contained high amounts of cholesterol, β-sitosterol, and saturated fatty acids. Phaeophyta were rich in fucosterol, α-tocopherol, fucoxanthin, and polyphenol. Phaeophyta algae also showed the highest antioxidant activity compared with other phylum...
July 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Eun Jeong Jang, Sang Chan Kim, Ju-Hee Lee, Jong Rok Lee, Il Kon Kim, Su Youn Baek, Young Woo Kim
BACKGROUND: Laminaria japonica has frequently been used as a food supplement and drug in traditional oriental medicine. Among the major active constituents responsible for the bioactivities of L. japonica, fucoxanthin (FX) has been considered as a potential antioxidant. This study was conducted to examine the effects of L. japonica extract (LJE) or FX against oxidative stress on hepatocytes and to elucidate the overall their cellular mechanisms of the effects. METHODS: We constructed an in vitro model with the treatment of arachidonic acid (AA) + iron in HepG2 cells to stimulate the oxidative damage...
March 20, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Candida J Rebello, Frank L Greenway, William D Johnson, David Ribnicky, Alexander Poulev, Krisztian Stadler, Ann A Coulter
Rodent studies suggest that the antiobesity effects of fucoxanthin relate to activation of brown fat and conversion of white adipocytes to the brown phenotype. To evaluate the browning effect in human adipocytes, we investigated the genes involved in browning and measured the oxygen consumption rate (OCR). Data were analyzed by one way ANOVA. Relative to control, fucoxanthinol (1 μM, 0.1 μM, 0.01 μM, 1 nM, 0.1 nM), the metabolite present in human plasma, stimulated lipolysis acutely (mean ± SEM: 4.2 ± 0...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Nana Mikami, Masashi Hosokawa, Kazuo Miyashita, Hitoshi Sohma, Yoichi M Ito, Yasuo Kokai
Lifestyle-related problems are becoming a major health threat in East Asian countries. Therefore, finding an efficacious nutraceutical for this population is important. One candidate is fucoxanthin (Fx), a carotenoid abundantly found in edible brown seaweed that has been associated with a number of valuable health-promoting benefits. Unfortunately, clinical studies of Fx are limited. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of Fx on obesity-related parameters in Japanese subjects harbouring an SNP associated with lifestyle-related problems...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
Sabrine Sellimi, Ghada Ksouda, Abdelkarim Benslima, Rim Nasri, Marguerite Rinaudo, Moncef Nasri, Mohamed Hajji
The present study investigated the angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity and the antioxidant properties, in vitro and in cured meat sausages containing reduced levels of sodium nitrite, of fucoxanthin extracted from the Tunisian brown seaweed Cystoseira barbata (CBFX). Results revealed that CBFX exhibited great scavenging activities against DPPH free radicals (EC50 = 136 μg/ml), peroxyl radicals in the linoleate-β-carotene system (EC50 = 43 μg/ml) and hydroxyl radicals generated by Fenton reaction (DNA nicking assay)...
September 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Hong-Ting Victor Lin, Yu-Chi Tsou, Yu-Ting Chen, Wen-Jung Lu, Pai-An Hwang
The combined effects of low-molecular-weight fucoidan (LMF) and fucoxanthin (Fx) in terms of antihyperglycemic, antihyperlipidemic, and hepatoprotective activities were investigated in a mouse model of type II diabetes. The intake of LMF, Fx, and LMF + Fx lowered the blood sugar and fasting blood sugar levels, and increased serum adiponectin levels. The significant decrease in urinary sugar was only observed in LMF + Fx supplementation. LMF and Fx had ameliorating effects on the hepatic tissue of db/db mice by increasing hepatic glycogen and antioxidative enzymes, and LMF was more effective than Fx at improving hepatic glucose metabolism...
April 7, 2017: Marine Drugs
Snezana Agatonovic-Kustrin, David W Morton, Petar Ristivojević
The aim of this study was to develop and validate a rapid and simple high performance thin layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method to screen for antioxidant activity in algal samples. 16 algal species were collected from local Victorian beaches. Fucoxanthin, one of the most abundant marine carotenoids was quantified directly from the HPTLC plates before derivatization, while derivatization either with 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) or ferric chloride (FeCl3) was used to analyze antioxidants in marine algae, based on their ability to scavenge non biological stable free radical (DPPH) or to chelate iron ions...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Kh Muradian, A Vaiserman, K-J Min, V E Fraifeld
AIMS: Accumulating data suggest that food supplementation with seaweeds which traditionally are an important part of food culture in South-East Asian countries might lead to essential health benefits. In this short review, we summarize findings from experimental studies on the effects of fucoxanthin (a carotenoid derived from brown seaweeds) on lipid metabolism, adiposity, and related conditions and discuss the possible underlying mechanisms. DATA SYNTHESIS: Supplementation of fucoxanthin or its derivatives consistently attenuated body and visceral fat weight gain, lipid accumulation in the liver, decreases insulin resistance, and improves the plasma lipid profile in rodents fed a high-fat diet...
October 2015: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Bharathi Avula, Yan-Hong Wang, Ikhlas A Khan
The study involves the analysis of total arsenic (As) in metallic form, and organic and inorganic As species from seaweeds and dietary supplements. The analysis provides data for dietary exposure estimates of inorganic species that are considered more toxic to humans than organic and total As. Total As was determined by acid digestion followed by inductively coupled plasma (ICP)-MS. To characterize the As species, solvent extraction with sonication and microwave extraction using various aqueous and aqueous/organic solvent mixtures were initially evaluated...
March 2015: Journal of AOAC International
Maria Alessandra Gammone, Nicolantonio D'Orazio
Nowadays the global tendency towards physical activity reduction and an augmented dietary intake of fats, sugars and calories is leading to a growing propagation of overweight, obesity and lifestyle-related diseases, such diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome. In particular, obesity, characterized as a state of low-level inflammation, is a powerful determinant both in the development of insulin resistance and in the progression to type 2 diabetes. A few molecular targets offer hope for anti-obesity therapeutics...
April 2015: Marine Drugs
Arthitaya Kawee-Ai, Sang Moo Kim
Intestinal bacterial beta-glucuronidases are capable of retoxifying compounds that have been detoxified by liver glucuronidation and are also known to accelerate colon cancer invasion and metastasis. In this study, fucoxanthin extracted from the microalga Phaeodactylum tricornutum was investigated for its inhibitory activity against Escherichia coli beta-glucuronidase and DLD-1 cancer cells. Fucoxanthin inhibited beta-glucuronidase in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC50 value of 2.32 mM and a mixed inhibition type...
July 2014: Natural Product Communications
Anna Piovan, Raffaella Filippini, Mauro De Paoli, Bruno Bresin
Studies have evidenced the biological properties of fucoxanthin and the commercialisation of various nutritional supplements based on seaweed extracts that claim high fucoxanthin content is constantly growing. However, it was demonstrated that fucoxanthin is highly susceptible to degradation, and in this context the need for simple and reliable analytical methods for fucoxanthin analysis is evident. This article presents a simple thin-layer chromatography (TLC) densitometric method for the determination of fucoxanthin from Undaria pinnatifida extracts and commercial formulations...
2014: Natural Product Research
Meng-Ting Wu, Hong-Nong Chou, Ching-jang Huang
The mechanism for how fucoxanthin (FX) suppressed adipose accumulation is unclear. We aim to investigate the effects of FX on metabolic rate and expressions of genes related to thermogenesis, mitochondria biogenesis and homeostasis. Using a 2 × 2 factorial design, four groups of mice were respectively fed a high sucrose (50% sucrose) or a high-fat diet (23% butter + 7% soybean oil) supplemented with or without 0.2% FX. FX significantly increased oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production and reduced white adipose tissue (WAT) mass...
February 14, 2014: Marine Drugs
Ae Wha Ha, Se Jung Na, Woo Kyoung Kim
The purpose of this study was to determine the antioxidant effect of fucoxanthin. After rats were fed a normal fat diet (NF), high fat diet (HF), and high fat with 0.2% fucoxanthin diet (HF + Fxn) for 4 weeks, the markers of oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity like lipid peroxidation, plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and activities of antioxidant enzymes (catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and gluthathione peroxidase (GSH-Px)) were determined. mRNA expression of transcription factor, nuclear erythroid factor like 2 (Nrf2), and its target genes such as NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase1 (NQO1) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were also determined...
December 2013: Nutrition Research and Practice
Cong-ping Tan, Yun-hua Hou
Obesity, characterized as a state of low-level inflammation, is a powerful determinant influencing the development of insulin resistance and progression to type 2 diabetes. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of fucoxanthin in experimental high-fat-diet-induced obesity in mice and antioxidant activity in PC12 cells under oxidative stress situation. The anti-inflammatory potential of fucoxanthin in the regulation of maleic dialdehyde (MDA), polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) was determined by ELISA...
April 2014: Inflammation
Ae Wha Ha, Woo Kyoung Kim
This study determined the effects of fucoxanthin on gene expressions related to lipid metabolism in rats with a high-fat diet. Rats were fed with normal fat diet (NF, 7% fat) group, high fat diet group (HF, 20% fat), and high fat with 0.2% fucoxanthin diet group (HF+Fxn) for 4 weeks. Body weight changes and lipid profiles in plasma, liver, and feces were determined. The mRNA expressions of transcriptional factors such as sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1c, Carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT1), Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase1 (CYP7A1) as well as mRNA expression of several lipogenic enzymes were determined...
August 2013: Nutrition Research and Practice
Armando T Quitain, Takahisa Kai, Mitsuru Sasaki, Motonobu Goto
Undaria pinnatifida, commonly known as wakame in Japan, is one species of brown seaweeds containing valuable bioactive organic compounds such as fucoxanthin, a carotenoid, which has numerous functional properties. However, most of the seaweeds that do not meet strict quality standards are normally discarded as wastes or returned to the sea, a situation which is becoming an environmental concern. In this research, supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO₂) extraction was investigated for the isolation of fucoxanthin...
June 19, 2013: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Srinivasan Muthuirulappan, Steffi Pulikodan Francis
Recently, use of natural products available from marine sources, and especially algae products, are receiving more attention. Scientific evidence for claimed nutraceutical and therapeutical effects of one such marine algae product, fucoxanthin, is discussed in this paper with a summary of the currently available literature regarding its antioxidant, anti-obesity and anticancer activities. It is safe for use in humans, but as it has poor solubility a nano-suspension mode of delivery may be adopted to improve efficacy of supplements...
2013: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Takuji Tanaka, Masahito Shnimizu, Hisataka Moriwaki
Carotenoids are natural fat-soluble pigments that provide bright coloration to plants and animals. Dietary intake of carotenoids is inversely associated with the risk of a variety of cancers in different tissues. Preclinical studies have shown that some carotenoids have potent antitumor effects both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting potential preventive and/or therapeutic roles for the compounds. Since chemoprevention is one of the most important strategies in the control of cancer development, molecular mechanism-based cancer chemoprevention using carotenoids seems to be an attractive approach...
2012: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Graziano Riccioni
Oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen species plays an important role in the etiology of many diseases. Dietary phytochemical products, such as bioactive food components and marine carotenoids (asthaxantin, lutein, β-carotene, fucoxanthin), have shown an antioxidant effect in reducing oxidative markers stress. Scientific evidence supports the beneficial role of phytochemicals in the prevention of some chronic diseases. Many carotenoids with high antioxidant properties have shown a reduction in disease risk both in epidemiological studies and supplementation human trials...
January 2012: Marine Drugs
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