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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785676/asymmetry-of-the-greater-cornua-of-the-hyoid-bone-and-the-superior-thyroid-cornua-a-case-report
#1
Miroslav Radunovic, Batric Vukcevic, Nemanja Radojevic
The hyoid bone consists of a body and two pairs of processes: the greater cornua (GC) and the lesser cornua. The GC is connected to the superior thyroid cornu (STC) by the lateral thyrohyoid ligament. The GC and the STC share a common embryological origin from the third pharyngeal arch. During anatomical dissection of a male cadaver of 56 years of age, a combined variation of the GC and the STC was found. The left GC was 27.7 mm long, and the right GC was 30 mm long. The left GC axis was in the same plane as the hyoid body, while an angle of 33° was between the right GC axis and the hyoid body plane...
May 21, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771831/barbed-hyoglossomandibulopexia-a-preclinical-study-on-human-anatomic-models
#2
Mario Mantovani, Vittorio Rinaldi, Sara Torretta, Roberto Trojsi, Daniela Carioli, Lorenzo Pignataro
The retrobasilingual space is the one of the most frequent sites of obstruction in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome, and several multilevel surgical procedures have been developed. The authors tested by means a preclinical study the feasibility of a new experimental surgical procedure called barbed hyoglossomandibulopexia (B.Hy.G.M.P.) which aims at advancing the tongue base with the hyoid bone (hyo-glossopexia) by multiple plicatures at the oral floor muscles.B.Hy.G.M.P. was performed during cadaveric dissection on 12 human models...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771084/-the-long-term-effect-analysis-of-the-tongue-base-traction-hyoid-suspension-with-repose-system-in-multiplanar-surgery
#3
Y Zhang, Z X Liu, N D Zheng, W J Wang, X J Wang, M L Meng, Q Wang, Y Cao, Z J Li
Objective: To explore the long-term effect of Repose bone screw system in the treatment of severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea. Method: The follow-up group was divided into the short-term (<12 months, control group, 30 cases) and the long-term (more than 12 months, observation, 46 cases). And compared the operation effect of the two groups. Furthermore, the parameters and related factors of surgical efficacy of patients with different follow-up time and different surgical methods were further analyzed...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766739/lingual-thyroid-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-surgical-approaches-in-the-literature
#4
William Stokes, Eric Interval, Rusha Patel
INTRODUCTION: Lingual thyroid cancer is a rare entity with a paucity of literature guiding methods of surgical treatment. Its location presents anatomic challenges with access and excision. OBJECTIVE: We present a case of T4aN1b classical variant papillary thyroid carcinoma of the lingual thyroid that was removed without pharyngeal entry. We also present a review of the literature of this rare entity and propose a treatment algorithm to provide safe and oncologic outcomes...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764021/-misdiagnosic-analysis-and-treatment-of-pyriform-sinus-fistula-in-children
#5
J Ma, C Ming, F Lou, M L Wang, K Lin, W J Zeng, Z C Li, X F Liu, T S Zhang
Objective: To discuss the misdiagnosis of pyriform sinus fistula and to better understand this kind of illness. Methods: The analysis was based on twenty-eight patients with congenital pyriform sinus fistula aged from 11 months to 14 years, with the median age of 5 years, and who were surgically treated from January 2013 to January 2017 in Kunming Children's Hospital.Twenty patients were misdiagnosed in other hospital.After the routine examination of neck ultrasound and enhanced CT, internal fistula was found by self-retaining laryngoscope, traced by methylene blue, and excised by high ligation...
May 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763895/voice-and-swallowing-outcomes-after-hyoid-suspension-surgery-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#6
Sherif M Askar, Amal S Quriba, Elham M Hassan, Ali M Awad, Ahmad A Bessar
OBJECTIVE: The role of hyoidthyroidpexia (HTP) surgery in the management of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is well described with good reported outcomes. The effect of HTP on other laryngeal functions is not well discussed. This study was designed to evaluate voice and swallowing outcomes after HTP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was applied on a selected group of OSA patients. HTP (as a sole procedure) was performed in 17 patients and 14 patients had simultaneous palatal procedures (e...
May 15, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761077/anatomical-cadaver-study-of-endolaryngeal-vascularization-focus-on-the-glottis-supraglottis-and-subglottis-from-the-transoral-microsurgical-point-of-view
#7
Pietro Perotti, Marco Ferrari, Nausica Montalto, Davide Lancini, Alberto Paderno, Fabiola Incandela, Barbara Buffoli, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Cesare Piazza
Introduction: Carbon dioxide laser coagulation during transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for laryngeal cancer allows control of bleeding from vessels smaller than 0.5 mm. Therefore, larger arteries and veins must be carefully managed by clipping and/or monopolar cautery. The aim of this paper is to detail endolaryngeal vascular anatomy and identify areas of possible bleeding during TLM. Methods: We performed an anatomical study on a series of 11 fresh-frozen human cadavers...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750095/hyoid-bone-position-in-different-facial-skeletal-patterns
#8
Samare Mortazavi, Hamed Asghari-Moghaddam, Mahboobe Dehghani, Mohammadreza Aboutorabzade, Banafshe Yaloodbardan, Elahe Tohidi, Seyed-Hosein Hoseini-Zarch
Background: Hyoid bone plays a significant role in physiological functions of craniofacial region and it's position adapts to changes of the head. The purpose of this study was to determine the position of the hyoid bone among subjects with class I, class II and class III skeletal patterns and evaluate the gender differences. Material and Methods: One hundred and ten lateral cephalograms (59 females and 51 males) from different skeletal patterns (class I, II and III) were selected...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747261/-significance-of-the-definition-and-detailing-of-the-central-neck-compartment-in-the-treatment-of-thyroid-carcinoma
#9
J Wang, S Y Wang
The cervical lymph node metastasis is a risk factor for the high recurrence rate and low survival rate in patients with thyroid carcinoma (especially for age ≥45 years old), which is the most common head and neck carcinoma. The neck lymphatic metastasis, mostly occurring in the central neck compare, is diagnosed among 20%-90% of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma. To definite the anatomic boundaries of the central lymph nodes and their subgroups is significantly important for thyroid carcinoma, such as the determination of surgical extent, the evaluation of prognosis and the choice of different treatment strategies...
April 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725852/three-dimensional-evaluation-of-the-posterior-airway-space-differences-in-computed-tomography-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#10
Nassim Ayoub, Philipp Eble, Kristian Kniha, Florian Peters, Stephan Christian Möhlhenrich, Evgeny Goloborodko, Frank Hölzle, Ali Modabber
OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) becomes increasingly important. For diagnosis and surgery, computed tomography (CT), and cone beam computed tomography (CB-CT) are used equally, although in most of cases, patient positioning differs between supine positioning (CT) and upright seating positioning (CB-CT). We measured volumetric and anatomical changes in the posterior airway space (PAS) between upright and supine positioning in a three-dimensional set up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Coherent CT and CB-CT scans of 55 patients were included in the study...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725764/a-preliminary-videofluoroscopic-investigation-of-swallowing-physiology-and-function-in-individuals-with-oculopharyngeal-muscular-dystrophy-opmd
#11
Ashley A Waito, Catriona M Steele, Melanie Peladeau-Pigeon, Angela Genge, Zohar Argov
Dysphagia is one of the primary symptoms experienced by individuals with Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy (OPMD). However, we lack understanding of the discrete changes in swallowing physiology that are seen in OPMD, and the resulting relationship to impairments of swallowing safety and efficiency. This study sought to describe the pathophysiology of dysphagia in a small sample of patients with OPMD using a videofluoroscopy examination (VFSS) involving 3 × 5 mL boluses of thin liquid barium (22% w/v)...
May 3, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696919/-therapeutic-effects-of-acupuncture-combined-with-rehabilitation-training-on-dysphagia-in-post-stroke-pseudobulbar-palsy
#12
Dan Chen, Haiying Guo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic effects on dysphagia in post-stroke pseudobulbar palsy between the combined treatment with acupuncture and rehabilitation training and the combined treatment with low-frequency electrical therapy and rehabilitation training and to explore its more effective therapy, using the ultrasonographic examination. METHODS: A total of 60 patients of dysphagia in post-stroke pseudobulbar palsy were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one...
April 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668108/sonographic-assessment-of-swallowing-in-irradiated-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients
#13
Dennis T H Cheng, Kathy Y S Lee, Anil T Ahuja, Michael C F Tong
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Ultrasonography is an emerging clinical tool to study the dysfunction of swallowing muscles. This was the first sonographic study to assess the relationship between suprahyoid muscle contraction, hyoid bone displacement, and penetration-aspiration status (PAS) during swallowing in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with radiotherapy (RT). The study also aimed to establish reliability data for the sonographic technique described. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660951/effects-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-dysphagia-a-randomized-single-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Ji-Su Park, Dong-Hwan Oh, Na-Kyoung Hwang, Jung-Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation has been used to improve swallowing function in neurologic patients with dysphagia, but its effect on patients with dysphagia and Parkinson's disease remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the effect of effortful swallowing combined with neuromuscular electrical stimulation as a novel treatment approach in dysphagic patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated to an experimental group (n = 9) or a placebo group (n = 9)...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659197/morphological-features-of-the-branching-pattern-of-the-hypoglossal-nerve
#15
Yujiro Sakamoto
The hypoglossal or twelfth cranial nerve is the motor nerve to the extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of the tongue, and the superior root of the ansa cervicalis and the thyrohyoid and geniohyoid branches are delivered through the nerve. This study investigated the muscular branches of the hypoglossal nerve to clarify their spatial relationships with the muscles of the tongue and the neighboring structures. The muscles and the nerve were gross anatomically examined in 42 cadavers. The superior root and the thyrohyoid branch left the nerve near the occipital and lingual arteries, respectively...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644281/thyrohyoid-membrane-transection-caused-by-a-stab-injury
#16
Dongsub Noh, Kwang Hee Yeo, Hyun Min Cho, Chan Yong Park
Background: The thyrohyoid membrane is located between the hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage. Transection of the thyrohyoid membrane can be fatal. Case presentation: A 54-year-old man presented to the emergency room after attempting to commit suicide by cutting his neck. An endotracheal tube was inserted through the thyrohyoid membrane, which had been cut almost completely. After a tracheostomy, temporary wound closure was performed due to coagulopathy caused by hemorrhagic shock...
December 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608796/hyoid-bone-movement-at-rest-by-peripheral-magnetic-stimulation-of-suprahyoid-muscles-in-normal-individuals
#17
Hitoshi Kagaya, Mao Ogawa, Shino Mori, Yoichiro Aoyagi, Seiko Shibata, Yoko Inamoto, Hitoshi Mori, Eiichi Saitoh
OBJECTIVES: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation has been widely used in patients with dysphagia. However, obtaining sufficient hyoid bone movement through surface electrodes seems difficult. The aim of this study was to evaluate hyoid bone movement at rest through peripheral magnetic stimulation of the suprahyoid muscles in normal individuals. METHODS: Healthy adult men were recruited. A specially designed coil was connected to the peripheral magnetic stimulator...
April 2, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593926/chronological-progression-of-an-enlarged-styloid-process-a-case-report-of-eagle-syndrome
#18
Daisuke Maki, Kenji Okami, Koji Ebisumoto, Akihiro Sakai
Eagle syndrome is characterized by an elongated styloid process. However, the time frame over which the styloid process becomes elongated and extends is unknown. How the condition worsens over time is also unclear. To date, there has been no report describing the chronologic change that occurs in the styloid process in Eagle syndrome. We describe a 53-year-old patient with Eagle syndrome in whom the styloid process enlarged progressively over time and the elongated styloid process fused with the hyoid bone...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590480/anatomic-predictors-of-response-and-mechanism-of-action-of-upper-airway-stimulation-therapy-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Richard J Schwab, Stephen H Wang, Johan Verbraecken, Olivier M Vanderveken, Paul Van de Heyning, Wim G Vos, Jan W DeBacker, Brendan T Keenan, Quan Ni, Wilfried DeBacker
Study Objectives: Upper airway stimulation has been shown to be an effective treatment for some patients with obstructive sleep apnea. However, the mechanism by which hypoglossal nerve stimulation increases upper airway caliber is not clear. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify the mechanism of action of upper airway stimulation. We hypothesized that, with upper airway stimulation, responders would show greater airway opening in the retroglossal (base of the tongue) region, greater hyoid movement toward the mandible, and greater anterior motion in the posterior, inferior region of the tongue compared with nonresponders...
April 1, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569630/erratum-excessive-anterior-cervical-muscle-tone-affects-hyoid-bone-kinetics-during-swallowing-in-healthy-individuals-corrigendum
#20
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 1903 in vol. 12, PMID: 29184396.].
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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