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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319639/changes-in-swallowing-after-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-with-instrumentation-a-presurgical-versus-postsurgical-videofluoroscopic-comparison
#1
Lydia Muss, Janina Wilmskoetter, Kerstin Richter, Constanze Fix, Soenke Stanschus, Tobias Pitzen, Joerg Drumm, Sonja Molfenter
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with anterior instrumentation on swallowing function and physiology as measured on videofluoroscopic swallowing studies. Method: We retrospectively analyzed both functional measures (penetration-aspiration, residue) and physiological/anatomical measures (hyoid excursion, posterior pharyngeal wall thickness) in a series of 17 patients (8 men, 9 women, mean age 54 years)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317354/-comparing-study-on-the-hyoid-bone-position-after-treatment-of-class-%C3%A2-malocclusion-using-improved-appliance-fr-%C3%A2
#2
Zhu Yuanping, Duan Yinzhong
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the changes of hyoid bone position before and after treatment of Angle class Ⅲ malocclusion using improved appliance FR Ⅲ. METHODS: Forty patients with Angle class Ⅲ malocclusion were chosen and divided into two groups, namely, experimental and control. Each group had 20 patients. The young patients in the experi-mental group were treated using improved appliance FR Ⅲ, whereas those in the control group were treated using classic appliance FR Ⅲ...
August 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299260/controlling-the-vector-of-distraction-osteogenesis-in-the-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#3
Dekel Shilo, Omri Emodi, Dror Aizenbud, Adi Rachmiel
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in individuals with craniofacial anomalies can compromise airway and is a serious life-threatening condition. In many cases, tracheostomy is carried out as the treatment of choice. Distraction osteogenesis of the mandible as a treatment modality for OSA is very useful and may spare the need for tracheostomy or allow decannulation, yet controlling the vector of distraction is still a major challenge. We present a method for controlling the vector of distraction...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299255/changes-in-posterior-airway-space-and-mandibular-plane-hyoid-distance-following-mandibular-advancement-do
#4
Pushpa Kumari, S K Roy, Indranil Dev Roy, A K Rajput, M P Prasanna Kumar, Sanjeev Datana, Serat Rahman
AIM: To study the changes in posterior airway space (PAS) and mandibular plane hyoid (MPH) distance following mandibular advancement using distraction osteogenesis (DO). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted at a tertiary care dental center from May 2009 to May 2014. Twenty-five consecutively operated patients of mandibular hypoplasia who underwent mandibular advancement using distraction with at least 12 months follow-up were included in the study...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274183/cervical-posture-analysis-in-dental-students-and-its-correlation-with-temporomandibular-disorder
#5
Mariana Barbosa Câmara-Souza, Olívia Maria Costa Figueredo, Paulo Raphael Leite Maia, Isabelle de Sousa Dantas, Gustavo Augusto Seabra Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and craniocervical posture in the sagittal plane measured from lateral radiographs of the head. METHODS: The sample was comprised of 80 randomly selected students of dentistry at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD) was used to evaluate the signs and symptoms of TMD. Lateral radiographs of each individual were used to measure the position of the hyoid bone, the craniocervical angle, and the occiput-atlas distance...
March 8, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239589/thyroglossal-duct-cysts-a-clinicosurgical-experience
#6
Suhail Amin Patigaroo, Nisar Hussain Dar, Aleena Shafi Jallu, Rauf Ahmad
Thyroglossal cyst is the most common congenital neck mass and occurs in 7% of the population. They occur due to failure of thyroglossal duct to involute and atrophy thyroglossal duct cysts often occur in pediatric patients. Majority of them are found infrahyoid region. The purpose of the present study is to report our 5 year clinical experience of thyroglossal cysts in terms of clinical features and surgical findings with special emphasis on naked eye extend of patent thyroglossal duct when present. To the best of our knowledge this is first clinical study which has reported the extend of thyroglossal duct on naked eye...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239588/a-decade-of-experience-of-management-of-thyroglossal-duct-cyst-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-differentiation-between-children-and-adults
#7
Shakeel Uz Zaman, Mubasher Ikram, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nabeel Humayun Hassan
Variations in thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDCs) between children and adult are mentioned very little in literature. The lesion mostly found in children but adult population also possesses this anomaly. The aim of this study was to determine the differences in clinical presentations and surgical outcomes of TGDC between children and adults. A retrospective chart review of all patients with TGDCs managed in our hospital from July 2004 to June 2014. All records were reviewed for age, sex, location of cyst in neck and with relation to hyoid bone, size, postoperative complication and recurrence rates...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208840/morphological-variations-of-the-thyroid-gland-among-the-people-of-upper-assam-region-of-northeast-india-a-cadaveric-study
#8
Anjan Jyoti Rajkonwar, Giriraj Kusre
INTRODUCTION: The morphological variations of the thyroid gland have been reported from different parts of the world. The variations are due to remnant or non-specific development of the parts of the thyroid gland. Surgical operation of the thyroid gland has been the treatment of choice in various thyroid pathologies. Prior knowledge of the morphological variation is important to ensure better results from these surgical operations. AIM: To study the prevalence of morphological variations seen in the thyroid glands in the upper Assam region of Northeast India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196279/effect-of-head-lift-exercise-on-kinematic-motion-of-the-hyolaryngeal-complex-and-aspiration-in-patients-with-dysphagic-stroke
#9
J S Park, N K Hwang, D H Oh, M Y Chang
The head lift exercise (HLE) is a head-raising workout performed in a supine position. This exercise facilitates activation of the submental muscles located above the hyoid bone in front of the neck. HLE is a potential method to improve the movement of the hyolaryngeal movement and swallowing functions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of HLE on the hyolaryngeal movement and aspiration in patients with dysphagic stroke. A total of 27 patients with stroke were randomly assigned either into the experimental (n = 13) or the control group (n = 14)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195898/ultrasound-guided-glossopharyngeal-nerve-block-a-cadaver-and-a-volunteer-sonoanatomy-study
#10
Josip Ažman, Tatjana Stopar Pintaric, Erika Cvetko, Kamen Vlassakov
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Glossopharyngeal nerve (GPN) blocks are usually performed by topical, intraoral, or peristyloid approaches, which carry significant complication risks due to the proximity of important neurovascular structures. This study presents a proof of concept for a new ultrasound (US)-guided technique, which would block the GPN distally, in the parapharyngeal space, away from the immediate vicinity of high-risk collateral structures. METHODS: Five cadaver heads were dissected, and the location of the GPN was explored bilaterally...
March 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195753/subjective-assessment-of-videofluoroscopic-swallow-studies
#11
Janet W Lee, Derrick R Randall, Lisa M Evangelista, Maggie A Kuhn, Peter C Belafsky
Objective The videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) is the gold standard diagnostic tool to evaluate oropharyngeal dysphagia. Although objective measurements on VFSS have been described, there is no universal method of analysis, and the majority of clinicians use subjective interpretation alone. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the accuracy of subjective VFSS analysis. Study Design Double-blinded experiment. Setting Tertiary care laryngology center. Subjects and Methods Seventy-six de-identified videos from VFSS evaluations of patients with dysphagia were presented to blinded, experienced speech-language pathologists and laryngologists individually...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192864/a-reassessment-of-cervical-surface-anatomy-via-ct-scan-in-an-adult-population
#12
Xin-Hua Shen, Hua-Dan Xue, Yu Chen, Man Wang, S Ali Mirjalili, Zhu-Hua Zhang, Chao Ma
Surface landmarks in the neck are important for orientations of cervical glands, arteries, veins, nerves, and vertebrae. Recent research suggests some orientations are not correct. What are the cervical landmark orientations in the Chinese population? In this study, two essential cervical anatomy planes, the thyroid cartilage and C7 planes, were assessed in living adult Chinese subjects using computed tomography (CT), and the hyoid, carotid bifurcation, cricoid cartilage, thyroid arteries, and vertebral artery were simultaneously positioned...
April 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181331/effects-of-chin-up-posture-on-the-sequence-of-swallowing-events
#13
Irene Calvo, Kirstyn L Sunday, Phoebe Macrae, Ianessa A Humbert
BACKGROUND: Chin-up posture is frequently used to manage oral dysphagia after head and neck cancer. This prospective study investigates the effects of chin-ups on the sequence of pharyngeal swallowing events. METHODS: Twelve healthy young adults performed 45 consecutive swallows of 5 mL water across 3 phases on videofluoroscopy: 5 swallows in the neutral head position; 30 swallows during chin-up posture; and 10 swallows in the neutral head position. Swallowing kinematic and bolus flow measures for 9 swallowing events were recorded...
February 9, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176372/development-of-the-skull-and-pectoral-girdle-in-siberian-sturgeon-acipenser-baerii-and-russian-sturgeon-acipenser-gueldenstaedtii-acipenseriformes-acipenseridae
#14
Peter Warth, Eric J Hilton, Benjamin Naumann, Lennart Olsson, Peter Konstantinidis
The head is considered the major novelty of the vertebrates and directly linked to their evolutionary success. Its form and development as well as its function, for example in feeding, is of major interest for evolutionary biologists. In this study, we describe the skeletal development of the cranium and pectoral girdle in Siberian (Acipenser baerii) and Russian sturgeon (A. gueldenstaedtii), two species that are commonly farmed in aquaculture and increasingly important in developmental studies. This study comprises the development of the neuro-, viscero- and dermatocranium and the dermal and chondral components of the pectoral girdle, from first condensation of chondrocytes in prehatchlings to the early juvenile stage and reveals a clear pattern in formation...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163270/morphometric-study-of-a-huge-elongated-styloid-process
#15
Joe Iwanaga, Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, Yoko Tabira, Koh-Ichi Yamaki
An elongated styloid process (ESP) is present in 4% of the general population. It is sometimes found incidentally by panoramic radiography or computed tomography in the clinical setting. Few detailed morphometric studies of this phenomenon have been performed, however, especially regarding its histologic aspects. During anatomic dissection of a 71-year-old man who had died from cardiac failure and whose body had been donated to our department for medical student training, an ESP was found while disconnecting the stylohyoid muscle from the hyoid bone...
February 6, 2017: Kurume Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139938/changes-in-pharyngeal-airway-dimensions-and-hyoid-bone-position-after-maxillary-protraction-with-different-alternate-rapid-maxillary-expansion-and-construction-protocols-a-prospective-clinical-study
#16
Mevlut Celikoglu, Muhammet Hilmi Buyukcavus
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in pharyngeal airway dimensions and the position of the hyoid bone after maxillary protraction with different alternate rapid maxillary expansion and construction (Alt-RAMEC) protocols in patients with skeletal class III malocclusion as a result of maxillary retrusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patients with skeletal class III malocclusions were consecutively divided into two groups. Group 1 consisted of 17 patients (11 boys and 6 girls, mean age 11...
January 31, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134649/study-on-the-short-time-remolding-of-upper-airway-after-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
#17
Kan Yao, Meng Wang, Wenwen Yu, Xiaofeng Lu
OBJECTIVE: To verify the short-time remolding of upper airway in patients diagnosed with obstructive sleep disordered breathing after Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP). METHODS: Twenty-one male adult patients aged 27 to 52 years followed up ranged from preoperation to 6 months after the operation. Lateral cephalometric radiographs (conventional and when pronouncing "i") were obtained 2 weeks preoperatively, 3 days postoperatively, and 1, 2, 3, 6 months after the surgery...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078072/multisensor-classification-system-for-triggering-fes-in-order-to-support-voluntary-swallowing
#18
Benjamin Riebold, Holger Nahrstaedt, Corinna Schultheiss, Rainer O Seidl, Thomas Schauer
In dysphagia the ability of elevating the larynx and hyoid is usually impaired. Electromyography (EMG) and Bioimpedance (BI) measurements at the neck can be used to trigger functional electrical stimulation (FES) of swallowing related muscles. Nahrstaedt et al.(1) introduced an algorithm to trigger the stimulation in phase with the voluntary swallowing to improve the airway closure and elevation speed of the larynx and hyoid. However, due to non-swallow related movements like speaking, chewing or head turning, stimulations might be unintentionally triggered...
September 15, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050064/effect-of-retraction-of-anterior-teeth-on-pharyngeal-airway-and-hyoid-bone-position-in-class-i-bimaxillary-dentoalveolar-protrusion
#19
S Bhatia, B Jayan, S S Chopra
BACKGROUND: To test the hypothesis that the retraction of anterior teeth has no effect on the dimensions of pharyngeal airway and to evaluate the retraction of anterior teeth on each parameter of pharyngeal airway. METHODS: Twenty-two adult patients of Class I bimaxillary protrusion requiring first premolar extractions with maximum anchorage requirements were selected. The pharyngeal airway and dentofacial parameters of the patients were compared using pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalograms with the help of Student's paired t-test (P < 0...
December 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013388/swallowing-function-and-kinematics-in-stroke-patients-with-tracheostomies
#20
Han Gil Seo, Jeong-Gil Kim, Hyung Seok Nam, Woo Hyung Lee, Tai Ryoon Han, Byung-Mo Oh
The purpose of this study was to compare the swallowing function and kinematics in stroke patients with and without tracheostomies. In this retrospective matched case-control study, we compared stroke patients with (TRACH group, n = 24) and without (NO-TRACH group, n = 24) tracheostomies. Patients were matched for age, sex, and stroke-type. Swallowing function was evaluated using the videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale (VDS) and functional oral intake scale (FOIS) obtained from videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) images...
December 24, 2016: Dysphagia
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