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autologous blood transfusion

N Ben Abdejlil, D Belloumi, M Mâammar, R El Fatimi, L Torjman, A Lakhal, F Jenhani, S Hmida, T Ben Othman, S Ladeb
This study compared retrospectively the effectiveness, toxicity and hematopoietic recovery after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (ASCT) of two consecutive peripheral blood stem cell mobilization regimens in newly diagnosed MM patients. Patients in group 1 (n=178) were treated with 4 g/m(2) of cyclophosphamide (CY) plus G-CSF (5 μg/kg/day). Patients in group 2 (n=117) with 750 mg/m(2) of VP16 plus G-CSF (10 μg/kg/day). Optimal mobilization, defined by a target number of 8 × 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg collected, was achieved in 62...
October 24, 2016: Bone Marrow Transplantation
Mark W Lowdell, Amy Thomas
Advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMPs) represent the current pinnacle of 'patient-specific medicines' and will change the nature of medicine in the near future. They fall into three categories; somatic cell-therapy products, gene therapy products and cells or tissues for regenerative medicine, which are termed 'tissue engineered' products. The term also incorporates 'combination products' where a human cell or tissue is combined with a medical device. Plainly, many of these new medicines share similarities with conventional haematological stem cell transplant products and donor lymphocyte infusions as well as solid organ grafts and yet ATMPs are regulated as medicines and their development has remained predominantly in academic settings and within specialist centres...
October 17, 2016: British Journal of Haematology
Junnan Zheng, Liangwei Chen, Linfeng Qian, Jianjie Jiang, Yinglian Chen, Jue Xie, Liping Shi, Yiming Ni, Haige Zhao
We aimed to evaluate whether blood conservation strategies including intraoperative autologous donation (IAD) could reduce perioperative blood transfusion for patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement including mitral valve replacement, aortic valve replacement (AVR), and double valve replacement (DVR).A total of 726 patients were studied over a 3-year period (2011-2013) after the implementation of IAD and were compared with 919 patients during the previous 36-month period (January 2008-December 2010). The method of small-volume retrograde autologous priming, strict blood transfusion standard together with IAD constituted a progressive blood-saving strategy...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Roby Sebastian, Todd Ratliff, Peter D Winch, Dmitry Tumin, Daniel Gomez, Joseph Tobias, Mark Galantowicz, Aymen N Naguib
BACKGROUND: The majority of allogeneic transfusions occur in the perioperative setting, especially during cardiac surgery. In addition to the economic implications, there is emerging evidence that blood transfusion may increase both morbidity and mortality. Acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) may limit the need for blood products. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to determine if the method of blood collection (syringe or bag) during the ANH process impacted the platelet count and function...
October 13, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Julian Pulecio, Oriol Alejo-Valle, Sandra Capellera-Garcia, Marianna Vitaloni, Paula Rio, Eva Mejía-Ramírez, Ilaria Caserta, Juan A Bueren, Johan Flygare, Angel Raya
Current sources of platelets for transfusion are insufficient and associated with risk of alloimmunization and blood-borne infection. These limitations could be addressed by the generation of autologous megakaryocytes (MKs) derived in vitro from somatic cells with the ability to engraft and differentiate in vivo. Here, we show that overexpression of a defined set of six transcription factors efficiently converts mouse and human fibroblasts into MK-like progenitors. The transdifferentiated cells are CD41(+), display polylobulated nuclei, have ploidies higher than 4N, form MK colonies, and give rise to platelets in vitro...
October 11, 2016: Cell Reports
Donald S Likosky, Timothy A Dickinson, Theron A Paugh
Cardiac surgery accounts for between 15% and 20% of all blood product utilization in the United States. A body of literature suggests that patients who are exposed to even small quantities of blood have an increased risk of morbidity and mortality, even after adjusting for pre-operative risk. Despite this body of literature supporting a restrictive blood management strategy, wide variability in transfusion rates exist across institutions. Recent blood management guidelines have shed light on a number of potentially promising blood management strategies, including acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) and retrograde autologous priming (RAP)...
September 2016: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
Eun Seok Choi, Sungkyu Cho, Woo Sung Jang, Woong-Han Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A blood transfusion is almost inevitable in neonatal cardiac surgery. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of using autologous cord blood for a cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) priming as an alternative to an allo-transfusion in neonatal cardiac surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2014, cord blood had been collected during delivery after informed consent and was stored immediately into a blood bank. Eight neonatal patients had their own cord blood used for CPB priming during cardiac surgery...
September 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
Yosuke Baba, Hironori Takahashi, Akihide Ohkuchi, Rie Usui, Shigeki Matsubara
AIM: During cesarean section (CS) for placenta previa (PP), the size/area/portion of the lower uterine segment occupied by the placenta may affect the bleeding amount and the subsequent need for a blood transfusion (BT). We propose a new concept, indiscernible edge total PP (IEPP), when vaginal ultrasound does not discern the lower placental edge because the placenta covers the visible lower segment. We characterized IEPP, focusing on its allogeneic BT requirement. METHODS: We classified PP (n = 307) into four types: marginal, partial, discernible edge total PP (DEPP) and IEPP: internal ostium (os)-placental edge distance measurable or unmeasurable on vaginal ultrasound in DEPP or IEPP, respectively...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Anna L Peters, Renoja K Kunanayagam, Robin van Bruggen, Dirk de Korte, Nicole P Juffermans, Alexander P J Vlaar
BACKGROUND: Transfusion of a single unit of stored red blood cells (RBCs) has been hypothesized to induce supra-physiological levels of non-transferrin bound iron (NTBI), which may enhance inflammation and act as a nutrient for bacteria. We investigated the relation between RBC storage time and iron levels in a clinically relevant "two-hit" human transfusion model. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Eighteen healthy male volunteers (ages 18-35 years) were infused with 2 ng lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/kg to induce systemic inflammatory response syndrome...
October 3, 2016: Transfusion
Seunghyug Kwon, Sungyub Lew, Ronald S Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Leukocyte filtration has been hypothesized to reduce the risk of postoperative infections by alleviating the immunosuppressive effect of whole blood. However, the literature regarding the clinical efficacy of leukocyte filtration remains conflicted. This meta-analysis investigates the impact of allogeneic and autologous leukocyte-filtered blood transfusions on the incidence of postoperative infections in adult surgical patients. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled trials (1966-2016) was completed for all published randomized controlled trials...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Sumaiya Adam, Hennie Lombaard
BACKGROUND: Minor red blood cell antibodies are becoming a more common cause of hemolytic disease of the newborn. Anti-U are a rare alloantibody found almost exclusively in people of black descent. There is limited experience to guide the management of pregnancies complicated by anti-U. Furthermore, there is often no suitable cross-matched blood available for transfusion of a patient with anti-U. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old P0G1 presented at 25 weeks' gestation with D- disease in pregnancy...
September 23, 2016: Transfusion
Anthony J Boniello, Kushagra Verma, Austin Peters, Baron S Lonner, Thomas Errico
BACKGROUND: Pre-donation of autologous blood prior to spine fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) has been used in deformity surgery. The effect of pre-donation on pre-operative hematocrit (Hct) remains debated. Multiple factors may influence pre-operative Hct including intravascular volume status, patient factors, and timing of pre-operative blood donation. The purpose of this study was to determine if pre-donation significantly lowers pre-incision Hct in AIS patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of a Level-1 prospective randomized trial was conducted...
2016: International Journal of Spine Surgery
Douglas A Hardesty, Sean Doerfler, Sukhmeet Sandhu, Robert G Whitmore, Patricia Ford, Scott Rushton, Peter D LeRoux
BACKGROUND: Jehovah's Witnesses (JW) are a Christian faith with > 1 million members in the United States who do not accept autologous blood transfusions. The optimal management of these patients undergoing neurosurgical procedures is not well defined. Here, we examined the feasibility and safety of JW undergoing neurosurgery in a blood management program. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty-eight JW patients including 23 males and 45 females (mean age 53 +/- 12 years) who underwent a variety of cranial (n=19) and spinal (n=49) neurosurgical procedures over a 5-year period were identified retrospectively and their hospital charts, anesthetic records and operative reports reviewed...
September 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Y Guzel, O T Gurcan, U H Golge, T C Dulgeroglu, H Metineren
PURPOSE: To compare the use of topical tranexamic acid (TXA) with postoperative autologous transfusion (PAT) in terms of blood loss, need for allogeneic blood transfusion, and cost-effectiveness. METHODS: Records of 25 men and 125 women (mean age, 67 years) who underwent primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and were randomised to the PAT group (n=50), topical TXA group (n=50), or routine drainage group (control) [n=50] were reviewed. Pre- and post-operative haemoglobin level, total postoperative drainage volume, and the need for allogeneic blood transfusion were recorded...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Kazuhiko Ikeda, Keiji Minakawa, Kazuo Muroi, Shin-Ichiro Fujiwara, Minami Yamada-Fujiwara, Yoshihiro Fujimori, Ryuji Tanosaki, Hitoshi Ohto
BACKGROUND: Improving apheresis technology may lead to an efficient and safe peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection. Recently, the Spectra Optia (Optia, Terumo BCT) was introduced as an automated apheresis instrument, but comparisons with other instruments have been few. This is the first randomized multicenter and crossover comparison of the Optia with the automated program of the established apheresis instrument, the Spectra (Spectra-Auto, Terumo BCT). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 233 apheresis procedures performed in 46 autologous patients and 108 allogeneic donors were investigated...
August 29, 2016: Transfusion
Zhijun Qu, Geng Wang, Chengshi Xu, Dazhi Zhang, Xiangdong Qu, Haibin Zhou, Jun Ma
BACKGROUND: Preoperative platelet rich plasma (PRP) harvest has been used in cardiopulmonary surgery for more than 10 years. There is no previous study dealing with PRP in bilateral total hip replacement. This study was to investigate the effects of PRP on blood saving and blood coagulation function in patients with bilateral total hip replacement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized, clinical trial was conducted. Sixty patients were enrolled, including 30 patients undergoing PRP in the PRP group and 30 controls...
August 24, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Yoshito Tomimaru, Kozo Noguchi, Keizo Dono
PURPOSE: To establish which patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) need autologous blood storage and transfusion. METHODS: Autologous blood was collected and stored for 69 patients scheduled to undergo PD, and not used in 50 patients. Based on the use of the deposited autologous blood and the estimated postoperative hemoglobin (Hb) level when blood was not deposited, we divided the patients into a "transfusion necessary" group and a "transfusion unnecessary" group...
August 22, 2016: Surgery Today
J Zhou
Autologous blood transfusion (ABT) has been gradually attracting more attention due to the increasingly prominent problem of blood transfusion safety and blood shortage in recent years. With the rapid development of blood conservation techniques, blood component separation technology, blood transfusion medicine and a constant increase in clinical needs, ABT technology has been expanded and innovated to a large degree. In this study, the development of preoperative autologous blood donation (PABD), acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH), intraoperative and postoperative autotransfusion, and other new technologies and theories are reviewed and existing questions are analyzed...
August 1, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Stefan Muenster, Arkadi Beloiartsev, Binglan Yu, E Du, Sabia Abidi, Ming Dao, Gregor Fabry, Jan A Graw, Martin Wepler, Rajeev Malhotra, Bernadette O Fernandez, Martin Feelisch, Kenneth D Bloch, Donald B Bloch, Warren M Zapol
BACKGROUND: Transfusion of packed erythrocytes stored for a long duration is associated with increased pulmonary arterial pressure and vascular resistance. Prolonged storage decreases erythrocyte deformability, and older erythrocytes are rapidly removed from the circulation after transfusion. The authors studied whether treating stored packed ovine erythrocytes with NO before transfusion could prevent pulmonary vasoconstriction, enhance erythrocyte deformability, and prolong erythrocyte survival after transfusion...
November 2016: Anesthesiology
Aldijana Avdić, Sharon Tucker, Rhonda Evans, Anne Smith, M Bridget Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Two units of red blood cells (RBCs) were typically transfused with each transfusion among hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients. Concerns regarding this practice are increased morbidity, mortality, hospital-acquired infections, length of stay (LOS), and transfusion-related complications. This study compared outcomes of transfusing 1 unit of RBCs per transfusion episode to 2 units of RBCs per episode among HSCT patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective record review was used to evaluate a practice change of transfusing 1 RBC unit per episode among autologous and allogeneic HSCT patients...
September 2016: Transfusion
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