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Health economics and financing

K Malkiewicz, E Malkiewicz, K A Eaton, E Widström
Poland is one of the largest European countries in terms of area and population. The country's economic situation does not allow for the allocation of sufficient public funds for healthcare in general and oral healthcare in particular. The health policy of the state focuses primarily on prophylaxis and treatment of diseases, directly threatening the health and lives of the inhabitants. Currently, expenditure on oral health accounts for only 2.7% of the public funds allocated to healthcare. In this context, providing oral care financed from public funds at an appropriate level constitutes a challenge for state institutions, centres providing medical and dental services and private practices...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
David M Dror, Arpita Chakraborty, Atanu Majumdar, Pradeep Panda, Ruth Koren
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The evidence-base of the impact of community-based health insurance (CBHI) on access to healthcare and financial protection in India is weak. We investigated the impact of CBHI in rural Uttar Pradesh and Bihar s0 tates of India on insured households' self-medication and financial position. METHODS: Data originated from (i) household surveys, and (ii) the Management Information System of each CBHI. Study design was "staggered implementation" cluster randomized controlled trial with enrollment of one-third of the treatment group in each of the years 2011, 2012 and 2013...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Éva Belicza, Péter Mihalicza, Judit Lám, Cecília Surján
The European Health Care Outcomes, Performance and Efficiency research was financed by the European Union between 2010 and 2013. In this program a new methodology was developed which made the analysis of regularly collected data and international benchmarking of the healthcare results of 5 socially and economically critical diagnosis group between the 7 participant countries possible. This paper presents the most important areas of the development, such as (1) the principles of the methodology, (2) the definition of available databases, code systems, (3) the events to be analysed, (4) the general rules of analyses and indicator development, (5) the exact methodology of data collection, processing, and analysis, (6) the methods of risk adjustment, (7) and the development of the standardised database...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Adam Fusheini, John Eyles
BACKGROUND: Universal Health Coverage (UHC) has emerged as a major goal for health care delivery in the post-2015 development agenda. It is viewed as a solution to health care needs in low and middle countries with growing enthusiasm at both national and global levels. Throughout the world, however, the paths of countries to UHC have differed. South Africa is currently reforming its health system with UHC through developing a national health insurance (NHI) program. This will be practically achieved through a decentralized approach, the district health system, the main vehicle for delivering services since democracy...
October 7, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Tim Crocker-Buque, Sandra Mounier-Jack
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate stakeholders' understanding and opinions of the International Finance Facility for Immunisation (IFFIm); to identify factors affecting funding levels; and to explore the future use of IFFIm. METHODS: Between July and September 2015, we interviewed 33 individuals from 25 organizations identified as stakeholders in IFFIm. In total 22.5 hours of semi-structured interviews were recorded, transcribed and analysed using a framework method. FINDINGS: Stakeholders' understanding of IFFIm's financing mechanism and its outcomes varied and many stakeholders wanted more information...
September 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Michelle Remme, Mariana Siapka, Olivier Sterck, Mthuli Ncube, Charlotte Watts, Anna Vassall
Despite optimism about the end of AIDS, the HIV response requires sustained financing into the future. Given flat-lining international aid, countries' willingness and ability to shoulder this responsibility will be central to access to HIV care. This paper examines the potential to expand public HIV financing, and the extent to which governments have been utilising these options. We develop and compare a normative and empirical approach. First, with data from the 14 most HIV-affected countries in sub-Saharan Africa, we estimate the potential increase in public HIV financing from economic growth, increased general revenue generation, greater health and HIV prioritisation, as well as from more unconventional and innovative sources, including borrowing, health-earmarked resources, efficiency gains, and complementary non-HIV investments...
September 19, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Mindaugas Stankunas, Mark Avery, Jutta Lindert, Ian Edwards, Mirko Di Rosa, Francisco Torres-Gonzalez, Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kapolou, Henrique Barros, Joaquim Soares
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate socio-economic inequalities in the use, accessibility and satisfaction with health services amongst 60-84 year old people from seven European urban communities. Design/methodology/approach Data for this study were collected in 2009. The target population was people aged 60-84 years from Stuttgart (Germany), Athens (Greece), Ancona (Italy), Kaunas (Lithuania), Porto (Portugal), Granada (Spain) and Stockholm (Sweden). The total sample comprised 4,467 respondents with a mean response rate across these countries of 45...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Anthony Mwinkaara Sumah, Leonard Baatiema, Seye Abimbola
BACKGROUND: Decentralised governance of health care has been widely adopted globally over the past three decades. But despite being implemented as a management strategy across many health systems, its impact on health equity is yet unclear. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic literature review of the implications of decentralised governance of health care on equity in health, health care and health financing. METHODS: A systematic search of CINAHL, EconLit, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane database of systematic reviews was conducted...
September 13, 2016: Health Policy
Justice Nonvignon, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey, Keziah L Malm, Samuel Agyei Agyemang, Vivian N A Aubyn, Nana Yaw Peprah, Constance N Bart-Plange, Moses Aikins
BACKGROUND: Despite the significant gains made globally in reducing the burden of malaria, the disease remains a major public health challenge, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) including Ghana. There is a significant gap in financing malaria control globally. The private sector could become a significant source of financing malaria control. To get the private sector to appreciate the need to invest in malaria control, it is important to provide evidence of the economic burden of malaria on businesses...
2016: Malaria Journal
Muhammad Ashar Malik, Murad Moosa Khan
BACKGROUND: The economic consequences of mental illnesses are much more than health consequences. In Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC) the economic impact of mental illnesses is rarely analyzed. This paper attempts to fill the gap in research on economics of mental health in LMIC. We provide economic burden of mental illness in Pakistan that can serve as an argument for reorienting health policy, resource allocation and priority settings. AIM: To estimate economic burden of mental illnesses in Pakistan...
September 2016: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
Guoying Zhang, Luwen Zhang, Shaolong Wu, Xiaoqiong Xia, Liming Lu
BACKGROUND: The disparity between government health expenditures across regions is more severe in developing countries than it is in developed countries. The capitation subsidy method has been proven effective in developed countries in reducing this disparity, but it has not been tested in China, the world's largest developing country. METHODS: The convergence method of neoclassical economics was adopted to test the convergence of China's regional government health expenditure...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Garth N Graham
Health equity has long been the dominant theme in the work of the Aetna Foundation. Recent data have focused on disparities through another lens, particularly the correlation between where people live (i.e., ZIP code) and their quality-and length-of life. In various cities across America, average life expectancies in certain communities are 20-30 years shorter than those mere miles away. In general, health disparities are founded on a complex interplay of racial, economic, educational, and other social factors...
October 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Gail Reed
After leaving Chile during the Pinochet era, Dr Morales studied economics, health administration and international health at the University of Montreal. But his baptism in the field came in Haiti, where he was first PAHO advisor to the health ministry, and then for five years was responsible for human resources and health economics in the PAHO offices in the capital of Port-au-Prince. He was at his post during the flooding in Gonaïves, five hurricanes, the 2010 earthquake and the ensuing cholera epidemic-doubtless the most dramatic and complex times for the country's health in recent history...
July 2016: MEDICC Review
Инна В Беликова, Леся А Руденко
INTRODUCTION: A priority task of the development strategy of the Ukrainian health care system is the saving and improving of public health. With the development of new economic relations, health care restructuring, the introduction of new financing mechanisms to policy-makers have an important task of the organization of operational management on the basis of timely quality information. According to many authors, the ability to improve the quality of the received information is possible due to the intercalation of information technologies...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Gene Ransom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Maryland Medicine: MM: a Publication of MEDCHI, the Maryland State Medical Society
Sadia Mariam Malik, Nabila Ashraf
BACKGROUND: Poor maternal and infant health indicators are mostly concentrated among low income households in Pakistan and health care expenditures - especially on medical emergencies - are the most common income shocks experienced by the poor. Public investments in health are therefore considered as pro-poor interventions by the government of Pakistan. This study employs nationally representative household data for Pakistan for 2007-08 and 2010-11 to investigate whether benefits from publicly financed services on Mother and Newborn Child Health (MNCH) are effectively captured by the poor in terms of service utilization...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
F Carinci, M Massi Benedetti, N S Klazinga, L Uccioli
AIMS: Critical appraisal of secondary data made available by the OECD for the time frame 2000-2011. METHODS: Comparison of trends and variation of amputations in people with diabetes across OECD countries. Generalized estimating equations to test the statistical significance of the annual change adjusting for major potential confounders. RESULTS: A total of 26 OECD countries contributed to the OECD data collection for at least 1 year in the reference time frame, showing a decline in rates of over 40 %, from a mean of 13...
October 2016: Acta Diabetologica
Nobuo Koinuma
The continuation of cancer chemotherapy was examined from the view point of the patient's economic burden and the national finance. Along with the rapid technological progress, anti-cancer drugs become more and more expensive. According to our survey, not a little patient was obliged to give up the most appropriate treatment due to some economic reasons. The impact of the increasing cost of cancer treatment and the rational measure to minimize the patient's burden were discussed. The mean out-of-pocket expense of the patients without economic worries was three-fourths that of the patients with economic worries...
July 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Gary R Simonds
INTRODUCTION: American health care continues to undergo profound changes at a breakneck speed. Future challenges show no signs of abating. We feel the next generation of health care providers and administrators should be well informed on the many facets of nonclinical health care (regulation, delivery, socioeconomics) to guide health care systems and public servants toward better, more efficient care. We suspect that few possess even rudimentary knowledge in these fields. METHODS: We constructed a 40-question Nonclinical Health Care Delivery aptitude test covering diverse subjects such as economics, finance, public health, governmental oversight, insurance, coding/billing, study design and interpretation, and more...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
Neha Raykar, Aditi Nigam, Dan Chisholm
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia remains a priority condition in mental health policy and service development because of its early onset, severity and consequences for affected individuals and households. AIMS AND METHODS: This paper reports on an 'extended' cost-effectiveness analysis (ECEA) for schizophrenia treatment in India, which seeks to evaluate through a modeling approach not only the costs and health effects of intervention but also the consequences of a policy of universal public finance (UPF) on health and financial outcomes across income quintiles...
2016: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
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