keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health economics and financing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743238/determinants-of-stunting-and-severe-stunting-among-burundian-children-aged-6-23-months-evidence-from-a-national-cross-sectional-household-survey-2014
#1
Sandra Nkurunziza, Bruno Meessen, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Catherine Korachais
BACKGROUND: Burundi is one of the poorest countries and is among the four countries with the highest prevalence of stunting (58%) among children aged less than 5 years. This situation undermines the economic growth of the country as undernutrition is strongly associated with less schooling and reduced economic productivity. Identifying the determinants of stunting and severe stunting may help policy-makers to direct the limited Burundian resources to the most vulnerable segments of the population, and thus make it more cost effective...
July 25, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730222/tuberculosis-and-its-particularities-in-romania-and-worldwide
#2
Floarea Mimi NiŢu, Mihai Olteanu, Costin Teodor Streba, Gabriela Jimborean, Paraschiva Postolache, Milena Adina Man, Antigona Carmen Trofor, Roxana Maria Nemeş, Livia Dragonu, Mădălina Olteanu
Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health issue, with a rising incidence since the beginning of this century. It poses a severe mortality risk and also poses a serious economic risk as it reduces the working capacity of an individual in the most productive part of life. Developing countries face widespread tuberculosis infection - up to 95% of all cases and 98% of deaths, respectively. It is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (the Koch bacillus) that can be contracted from either humans or animal hosts...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728918/financing-transformative-health-systems-towards-achievement-of-the-health-sustainable-development-goals-a-model-for-projected-resource-needs-in-67-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#3
Karin Stenberg, Odd Hanssen, Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer, Melanie Bertram, Callum Brindley, Andreia Meshreky, James E Rosen, John Stover, Paul Verboom, Rachel Sanders, Agnès Soucat
BACKGROUND: The ambitious development agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires substantial investments across several sectors, including for SDG 3 (healthy lives and wellbeing). No estimates of the additional resources needed to strengthen comprehensive health service delivery towards the attainment of SDG 3 and universal health coverage in low-income and middle-income countries have been published. METHODS: We developed a framework for health systems strengthening, within which population-level and individual-level health service coverage is gradually scaled up over time...
July 14, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718230/determinants-of-impoverishment-due-to-out-of-pocket-payments-in-nigeria
#4
Bolaji Samson Aregbeshola, Samina Mohsin Khan
BACKGROUND: Poverty is an extreme consequence of out of pocket payments in countries with health systems that do not provide financial risk protection through mandatory health insurance coverage for people in both the formal and informal sectors. The study assessed the determinants of impoverishment due to out of pocket payments in Nigeria. METHODS: Secondary data from the Harmonized Nigeria Living Standard Survey (HNLSS) of 2009/10 was utilized to assess factors associated with impoverishment in Nigeria...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710698/health-social-and-economic-outcomes-experienced-by-families-as-a-result-of-receiving-assistance-from-a-community-based-diaper-bank
#5
Kelley E C Massengale, Jennifer Toller Erausquin, Michelle Old
Objectives This paper aims to describe low-income recipients of a community-based diaper bank and the multiple daily challenges they face. Our paper seeks to document the health, social, and financial outcomes recipients experienced after receiving assistance. Methods We surveyed families (n = 150) about their experiences receiving diapers from a diaper bank in the southeastern United States. Additionally, we conducted short, focused interviews with families (n = 15) about outcomes after receiving diapers...
July 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673344/the-association-of-health-insurance-with-institutional-delivery-and-access-to-skilled-birth-attendants-evidence-from-the-kenya-demographic-and-health-survey-2008-09
#6
Lawrence P O Were, Edwin Were, Richard Wamai, Joseph Hogan, Omar Galarraga
BACKGROUND: Healthcare financing through health insurance is gaining traction as developing countries strive to achieve universal health coverage and address the limited access to critical health services for specific populations including pregnant women and their children. However, these reforms are taking place despite limited evaluation of impact of health insurance on maternal health in developing countries including Kenya. In this study we evaluate the association of health insurance with access and utilization of obstetric delivery health services for pregnant women in Kenya...
July 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659606/the-right-to-health-in-brazil-a-constitutional-guarantee-threatened-by-fiscal-austerity
#7
Luis Eugenio Portela Fernandes de Souza
After 25 years of expanding coverage and improving the quality of preventive public health measures and publicly financed medical care associated with positive outcomes for the health of Brazil's population, our country suffers from deterioration of social policies. Among the areas of policy affected by new economic austerity measures is health-with potential to damage lives. These threats stem mainly from the 2016 approval of a Constitutional amendment that limits, for the next 20 years, public investments in health, education, social assistance, and social security...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632781/climate-change-and-marine-fisheries-least-developed-countries-top-global-index-of-vulnerability
#8
Robert Blasiak, Jessica Spijkers, Kanae Tokunaga, Jeremy Pittman, Nobuyuki Yagi, Henrik Österblom
Future impacts of climate change on marine fisheries have the potential to negatively influence a wide range of socio-economic factors, including food security, livelihoods and public health, and even to reshape development trajectories and spark transboundary conflict. Yet there is considerable variability in the vulnerability of countries around the world to these effects. We calculate a vulnerability index of 147 countries by drawing on the most recent data related to the impacts of climate change on marine fisheries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632559/counting-the-cost-of-failed-spinal-fusion-for-relief-of-low-back-pain-does-primary-fusion-with-bone-morphogenetic-protein-make-economic-sense-from-a-primary-payer-perspective
#9
Adam P Lloyd
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the unknown direct costs of failed instrumented lumbar fusion using iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) and subsequent reoperation utilizing recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) from a primary payer perspective. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recent evidence has demonstrated increased rates of instrumented lumbar fusion and utilization of rhBMP-2 to treat a range of conditions causing lower back pain...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625876/mental-health-in-zimbabwe-a-health-systems-analysis
#10
Khameer Kidia, Debra Machando, Walter Mangezi, Reuben Hendler, Megan Crooks, Melanie Abas, Dixon Chibanda, Graham Thornicroft, Maya Semrau, Helen Jack
There has been little external analysis of Zimbabwe's mental health system. We did a systems analysis to identify bottlenecks and opportunities for mental health service improvement in Zimbabwe and to generate cost-effective, policy-relevant solutions. We combined in-depth interviews with a range of key stakeholders in health and mental health, analysis of mental health laws and policies, and publicly available data about mental health. Five themes are key to mental health service delivery in Zimbabwe: policy and law; financing and resources; criminal justice; workforce, training, and research; and beliefs about mental illness...
June 15, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621649/a-natural-experimental-study-of-the-protective-effect-of-home-ownership-on-household-food-insecurity-in-canada-before-and-after-a-recession-2008-2009
#11
Lynn McIntyre, Xiuyun Wu, Cynthia Kwok, J C Herbert Emery
OBJECTIVES: Home ownership as opposed to renting is associated with lower rates of food insecurity, the latter being a marker of household economic deprivation associated with adverse health outcomes. It is unclear whether this relationship persists during a major economic decline, or whether different subgroups of home owners are equally protected. The 2008-2009 recession in Canada was tied to events in the United States related to inappropriate mortgage financing; the impact of the recession on food insecurity among home owners may identify policies to mitigate recessionary outcomes...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614517/economic-growth-and-inflation-rate-implications-for-municipal-revenue-and-health-expenditure-of-the-municipalities-of-pernambuco-brazil
#12
Marciana Feliciano, Adriana Falangola Benjamin Bezerra, Antônio Carlos Gomes do Espírito Santo
This paper analyzes the implications of municipal budget revenue growth and the monetary policy's inflation rates goals in the availability of public health resources of municipalities. This is a descriptive, exploratory, quantitative, retrospective and longitudinal cross-sectional study covering the period 2002-2011. We analyzed health financing and expenditure variables in the municipalities of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, describing the trend and the relationship between them. Data showed the growth of the variables and trend towards homogeneity...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589010/effects-of-economic-downturns-on-child-mortality-a-global-economic-analysis-1981-2010
#13
Mahiben Maruthappu, Robert A Watson, Johnathan Watkins, Thomas Zeltner, Rosalind Raine, Rifat Atun
OBJECTIVES: To analyse how economic downturns affect child mortality both globally and among subgroups of countries of variable income levels. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study using economic data from the World Bank's Development Indicators and Global Development Finance (2013 edition). Child mortality data were sourced from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. SETTING: Global. PARTICIPANTS: 204 countries between 1981 and 2010...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588989/accelerating-progress-towards-universal-health-coverage-in-asia-and-pacific-improving-the-future-for-women-and-children
#14
Allison Beattie, Robert Yates, Douglas J Noble
Universal health coverage generates significant health and economic benefits and enables governments to reduce inequity. Where universal health coverage has been implemented well, it can contribute to nation-building. This analysis reviews evidence from Asia and Pacific drawing out determinants of successful systems and barriers to progress with a focus on women and children. Access to healthcare is important for women and children and contributes to early childhood development. Universal health coverage is a political process from the start, and public financing is critical and directly related to more equitable health systems...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559677/human-rights-and-the-political-economy-of-universal-health-care-designing-equitable-financing
#15
Anja Rudiger
Health system financing is a critical factor in securing universal health care and achieving equity in access and payment. The human rights framework offers valuable guidance for designing a financing strategy that meets these goals. This article presents a rights-based approach to health care financing developed by the human right to health care movement in the United States. Grounded in a human rights analysis of private, market-based health insurance, advocates make the case for public financing through progressive taxation...
December 2016: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532500/extending-access-to-essential-services-against-constraints-the-three-tier-health-service-delivery-system-in-rural-china-1949-1980
#16
Xing Lin Feng, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Jun Zhong, Jin Xu, Beibei Yuan, Qingyue Meng, Dina Balabanova
BACKGROUND: China has made remarkable progress in scaling up essential services during the last six decades, making health care increasingly available in rural areas. This was partly achieved through the building of a three-tier health system in the 1950s, established as a linked network with health service facilities at county, township and village level, to extend services to the whole population. METHODS: We developed a Theory of Change to chart the policy context, contents and mechanisms that may have facilitated the establishment of the three-tier health service delivery system in rural China...
May 23, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532306/from-instinct-to-evidence-the-role-of-data-in-country-decision-making-in-chile
#17
Ximena Paz Aguilera, Consuelo Espinosa-Marty, Carla Castillo-Laborde, Claudia Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: The Chilean health system has undergone profound reforms since 1990, while going through political upheaval and facing demographic, health, and economic transformations. The full information requirements to develop an evidence-informed process implied the best possible use of the available data, as well as efforts to improve information systems. OBJECTIVE: To examine, from a historical perspective, the use of evidence during the health sector reforms undertaken in Chile from 1990 to date, and to identify the factors that have both determined improvements in the data and facilitated their use...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485714/portugal-health-system-review
#18
Jorge de Almeida Simoes, Goncalo Figueiredo Augusto, Ines Fronteira, Cristina Hernandez-Quevedo
This analysis of the Portuguese health system reviews recent developments in organization and governance, health financing, health care provision, health reforms and health system performance. Overall health indicators such as life expectancy at birth and at age 65 years have shown a notable improvement over the last decades. However, these improvements have not been followed at the same pace by other important dimensions of health: child poverty and its consequences, mental health and quality of life after 65...
March 2017: Health Systems in Transition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477220/defining-and-measuring-the-affordability-of-new-medicines-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Fernando Antoñanzas, Robert Terkola, Paul M Overton, Natalie Shalet, Maarten Postma
BACKGROUND: In many healthcare systems, affordability concerns can lead to restrictions on the use of expensive efficacious therapies. However, there does not appear to be any consensus as to the terminology used to describe affordability, or the thresholds used to determine whether new drugs are affordable. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate how affordability is defined and measured in healthcare. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and EconLit databases (2005-July 2016) were searched using terms covering affordability and budget impact, combined with definitions, thresholds and restrictions, to identify articles describing a definition of affordability with respect to new medicines...
May 5, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458588/evolution-and-complexity-of-government-policies-to-protect-the-health-of-undocumented-illegal-migrants-in-thailand-the-unsolved-challenges
#20
Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Weerasak Putthasri, Phusit Prakongsai, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
BACKGROUND: Of the 65 million residents in Thailand, >1.5 million are undocumented/illegal migrants from neighboring countries. Despite several policies being launched to improve access to care for these migrants, policy implementation has always faced numerous challenges. This study aimed to investigate the policy makers' views on the challenges of implementing policies to protect the health of undocumented/illegal migrants in light of the dynamics of all of the migrant policies in Thailand...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
keyword
keyword
118032
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"