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perinatal trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799276/mode-of-delivery-for-singleton-extreme-preterm-breech-fetuses-a-10%C3%A2-year-retrospective-review-from-a-single-tertiary-obstetric-centre
#1
Frances Hills, Mandy Way, Renuka Sekar
BACKGROUND: Preterm breech delivery is associated with a higher perinatal mortality rate compared with preterm vertex delivery, and some studies suggest caesarean section leads to lower mortality rates. Few studies include infants delivered less than 26 weeks gestation, and where included, results are often not stratified by gestational age. There is also a lack of consistent reporting on neonatal and maternal morbidity outcome measures. AIMS: To determine if mode of delivery for singleton extreme preterm breech fetuses is associated with a difference in perinatal mortality, neonatal and maternal morbidity...
August 11, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799164/preconception-care-for-diabetic-women-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#2
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Infants born to mothers with pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus are at greater risk of congenital anomalies, perinatal mortality and significant morbidity in the short and long term. Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes are at greater risk of perinatal morbidity and diabetic complications. The relationship between glycaemic control and health outcomes for both mothers and infants indicates the potential for preconception care for these women to be of benefit...
August 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771981/there-is-more-to-perinatal-mental-health-care-than-depression-public-health-nurses-reported-engagement-and-competence-in-perinatal-mental-health-care
#3
Agnes Higgins, Carmel Downes, Margaret Carroll, Ailish Gill, Mark Monahan
AIM: To explore public health nurses' engagement, competence and education needs in relation to perinatal mental health care in Ireland. BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 15-25% of women will experience a mental health problem during or post pregnancy, either as a new problem or a reoccurrence of a pre-existing problem. Public Health Nurses, or their equivalent, are ideally positioned to support women's mental health and improve health outcomes for the woman and baby, yet little is known about their role and engagement with mental health issues, other than with postnatal depression...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771289/screening-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-based-on-different-risk-profiles-and-settings-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#4
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Andrew J McPhee, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnancy. Although GDM usually resolves following birth, it is associated with significant morbidities for mothers and their infants in the short and long term. There is strong evidence to support treatment for GDM. However, there is uncertainty as to whether or not screening all pregnant women for GDM will improve maternal and infant health and if so, the most appropriate setting for screening. This review updates a Cochrane Review, first published in 2010, and subsequently updated in 2014...
August 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748016/-hepatic-hematoma-in-neonates-about-a-case
#5
Hanae Harchaoui, Bousayna Iraqi, Houria Knouni, Youness Taboz, Hasnae Benkirane, Hassan Aguenaou, Amina Barkat
Hepatic hematoma is a condition of unrecognized origin which can become extremely serious and whose diagnosis is often made during perinatal autopsy. It is often characterised by nonspecific clinical manifestations and a long delay before biological presentation.The diagnosis is essentially based on ultrasound and treatment is often conservative.We here report a case of a full-term newborn with asymptomatic hepatic haematoma due to obstetrical trauma.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735671/choroid-plexus-cyst-in-a-neonatal-burmeister-s-porpoise-phocoena-spinipinnis
#6
J Díaz-Delgado, K R Groch, M W Wiegand, E R Secchi, R Réssio, F C C Natália, J L Catão-Dias
Neuroectodermal developmental anomalies are reported rarely in cetaceans and central nervous system cysts are not described. We describe the gross, microscopical, histochemical and immunohistochemical features of a neuraxial myelencephalic cyst in a stranded neonatal Burmeister's porpoise (Phocoena spinipinnis). Grossly, a subdural, extra-axial, well-demarcated, yellow fluid-filled cystic structure (1.9 × 1.6 × 1 cm) expanded the left foramen of Luschka, the left caudolateral cerebellar recess and the left cranioventral myelencephalon...
July 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731565/a-narrative-synthesis-of-women-s-out-of-body-experiences-during-childbirth
#7
Lynda Bateman, Catriona Jones, Julie Jomeen
INTRODUCTION: Some women have a dissociated, out-of-body experience (OBE) during childbirth, which may be described as seeing the body from above or floating above the body. This review examines this phenomenon using narratives from women who have experienced intrapartum OBEs. METHODS: A narrative synthesis of qualitative research was employed to systematically synthesize OBE narratives from existing studies. Strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721701/challenges-of-connectedness-in-personal-recovery-for-rural-mothers-with-mental-illness
#8
Rochelle Helena Hine, Darryl Maybery, Melinda Jane Goodyear
Social connection is a fundamental human need, but challenging for individuals with characteristics that are socially stigmatized. Parenting with mental illness presents obstacles, as well as opportunities, for connection. In the present study, we examined connectedness within a personal recovery paradigm for rural mothers with a mental illness. In-depth interviews with 17 mothers with a mental illness, utilizing constructivist grounded theory, resulted in six categories of meaning, including 'yearning for connection', 'connecting intensely', 'encountering rejection and exclusion', 'choosing isolation', 'being known', and 'finding peers/helping others'...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720045/neonatal-acute-paronychia
#9
Luke Grome, Gregory Borah
BACKGROUND: Paronychia is defined as infection afflicting the eponychial nail folds of the hand or foot. Such infections are rarely reported in the perinatal age group, and not previously described in a neonate younger than 2 weeks. Trauma resulting in inoculation of the nail fold is the most common predisposing factor to paronychia. Oral trauma in the pediatric population from finger sucking predisposes this population to a different set of bacterial pathogens than adults. Contamination can progress to infection and abscess formation within the nail fold with the most prevalent vector in adult infections being Staphylococcus aureus...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693401/formulating-autism-systemically-part-1-a-review-of-the-published-literature-and-case-assessments
#10
Patricia M Crittenden
Autism is a psychiatric disorder of unknown aetiology. In this article, the literature on genetic, neurological, psychological, relational and cultural causes of autism is reviewed, beginning with the 2014 review of Crittenden, Dallos, Landini et al. (pp. 64-70) up to and including recent publications in 2017. Some of the findings were unexpected; others led to new questions. The unexpected findings were the minimal contribution of genes to autism, the extremely evident neurological differences, the interpersonal quality of the psychological findings (that lacked evidence of parents' behaviour), the relational evidence that mothers' childhood trauma, perinatal stress and marital stress increased the risk of autism, and the reciprocal relation between funding for treatment of autism and diagnoses of autism...
July 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692173/perinatal-and-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality-among-term-singletons-following-midcavity-operative-vaginal-delivery-versus-caesarean-delivery
#11
Giulia M Muraca, Amanda Skoll, Sarka Lisonkova, Yasser Sabr, Rollin Brant, Geoffrey W Cundiff, K S Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To quantify severe perinatal and maternal morbidity/mortality associated with midcavity operative vaginal delivery compared with caesarean delivery. DESIGN: Population-based, retrospective cohort study. SETTING: British Columbia, Canada. POPULATION: Term, singleton deliveries (2004-2014) by attempted midcavity operative vaginal delivery or caesarean delivery in the second stage of labour, stratified by indication for operative delivery (n=10,901 deliveries; 5,057 indicated for dystocia, 5,844 for fetal distress)...
July 10, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667832/effect-of-previous-posttraumatic-stress-in-the-perinatal-period
#12
Pamela A Geller, Emily C Stasko
OBJECTIVE: To review the extant literature on the effect of traumatic experiences that pre-date conception, pregnancy, and the postpartum period (perinatal period) and present a thematic overview of current issues in this relatively new area of inquiry. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases CINAHL, PsychINFO, and PubMed were searched. Manual searches of bibliographies supplemented the electronic search. STUDY SELECTION: Peer-reviewed articles written in English on the role of posttraumatic stress disorder during the perinatal period were included...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666701/the-perfect-storm-of-trauma-the-experiences-of-women-who-have-experienced-birth-trauma-and-subsequently-accessed-residential-parenting-services-in-australia
#13
Holly S Priddis, Hazel Keedle, Hannah Dahlen
BACKGROUND: There appears to be a chasm between idealised motherhood and reality, and for women who experience birth trauma this can be more extreme and impact on mental health. Australia is unique in providing residential parenting services to support women with parenting needs such as sleep or feeding difficulties. Women who attend residential parenting services have experienced higher rates of intervention in birth and poor perinatal mental health but it is unknown how birth trauma may impact on early parenting...
June 27, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664414/do-obstetric-risk-factors-truly-influence-the-etiopathogenesis-of-congenital-muscular-torticollis
#14
N Hardgrib, O Rahbek, B Møller-Madsen, R D Maimburg
BACKGROUND: Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is seen in childhood and presents within months after birth. The etiology remains unknown; however, medical textbooks suggest trauma at birth as a main reason. The aim of this study was to systematically describe obstetric and perinatal outcomes in a population of children with a confirmed congenital muscular torticollis diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with a validated diagnosis of congenital muscular torticollis born at Aarhus University Hospital from 2000 to 2014 were included in the study...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639706/exercise-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-for-improving-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Gilles Ceysens, Michel Boulvain
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with both short- and long-term complications for the mother and her baby. Exercise interventions may be useful in helping with glycaemic control and improve maternal and infant outcomes.The original review on Exercise for diabetic pregnant women has been split into two new review titles reflecting the role of exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes and for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes. Exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes (this review) Exercise for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions for improving maternal and fetal outcomes in women with GDM...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616828/perinatal-and-maternal-outcomes-at-term-in-low-risk-pregnancies-according-to-nice-criteria-comparison-between-a-tertiary-obstetrical-hospital-and-midwife-attended-units
#16
Tanja Ignatov, Holm Eggemann, Serban Dan Costa, Atanas Ignatov
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perinatal and maternal outcomes at term at a single tertiary, university hospital in women with low-risk pregnancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of women with low-risk pregnancies, who delivered at University Women's Hospital Magdeburg between January 2010 and December 2014. Data were compared with data published by Brocklehurst et al. 2011. RESULTS: Of the 6052 women investigated, 2014 were classified as low risk according to the NICE criteria and were eligible for analysis...
August 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584040/perinatal-and-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality-after-attempted-operative-vaginal-delivery-at-midpelvic-station
#17
Giulia M Muraca, Yasser Sabr, Sarka Lisonkova, Amanda Skoll, Rollin Brant, Geoffrey W Cundiff, K S Joseph
BACKGROUND: Increased use of operative vaginal delivery (i.e., forceps or vacuum application), of which 20% occurs at midpelvic station, has been advocated to reduce the rate of cesarean delivery. We aimed to quantify severe perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality associated with attempted midpelvic operative vaginal delivery. METHODS: We studied all term singleton deliveries in Canada between 2003 and 2013, by attempted midpelvic operative vaginal or cesarean delivery with labour (with and without prolonged second stage)...
June 5, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567280/solar-powered-oxygen-systems-in-remote-health-centers-in-papua-new-guinea-a-large-scale-implementation-effectiveness-trial
#18
Trevor Duke, Ilomo Hwaihwanje, Magdalynn Kaupa, Jonah Karubi, Doreen Panauwe, Martin Sa'avu, Francis Pulsan, Peter Prasad, Freddy Maru, Henry Tenambo, Ambrose Kwaramb, Eleanor Neal, Hamish Graham, Rasa Izadnegahdar
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is the largest cause of child deaths in Papua New Guinea (PNG), and hypoxaemia is the major complication causing death in childhood pneumonia, and hypoxaemia is a major factor in deaths from many other common conditions, including bronchiolitis, asthma, sepsis, malaria, trauma, perinatal problems, and obstetric emergencies. A reliable source of oxygen therapy can reduce mortality from pneumonia by up to 35%. However, in low and middle income countries throughout the world, improved oxygen systems have not been implemented at large scale in remote, difficult to access health care settings, and oxygen is often unavailable at smaller rural hospitals or district health centers which serve as the first point of referral for childhood illnesses...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550953/perinatal-risk-and-protective-factors-for-pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-a-multicenter-case-control-study
#19
Patrick Kelly, John M D Thompson, Jean Koh, Shanthi Ameratunga, Timothy Jelleyman, Teuila M Percival, Hinemoa Elder, Edwin A Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To estimate associations between factors recorded in pregnancy and the first week of life and subsequent abusive head trauma. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, retrospective case-control study of perinatal records from 142 cases of abusive head trauma and 550 controls, matched by date and hospital of birth from 1991 to 2010. Multiple logistic regression assessed the relationship between perinatal exposures and abusive head trauma. RESULTS: The risk of abusive head trauma decreased with increasing maternal age (OR, 0...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545266/-analysis-of-misssed-diagnosis-and-misdiagnosis-of-1-212-cases-with-placental-abruption
#20
D Xu, C Liang, J W Xu, J He
Objective: To investigate the risk factors and clinical manifestations of placental abruption, and to analyze the causes of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in 135 584 women who delivered in Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2005 to December 2015. The diagnosis of placental abruption was made in 1 212 cases. According to the consistency of prenatal and postnatal diagnosis, they were divided into 3 groups. (1) The diagnosis was consistent prenatally and postnatally in 715 cases(58...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
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