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Nursing ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045912/the-lived-experience-of-first-year-undergraduate-student-nurses-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#1
Debra J Porteous, Alison Machin
INTRODUCTION: This study gives insight into the experiences and perceptions of one group of undergraduate nursing students as they make the transition into Higher Education and the nursing profession, during the first year, of their three-year programme. Research has shown that first year undergraduate experience is complex and challenging for any student. For undergraduate nursing students, the process of achieving additional professional practice competencies required for United Kingdom nursing registration adds additional responsibility and potentially, more pressure...
October 3, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042394/effects-of-e-learning-in-a-continuing-education-context-on-nursing-care-a-review-of-systematic-qualitative-quantitative-and-mixed-studies-reviews-protocol
#2
Geneviève Rouleau, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, José Côté, Julie Payne-Gagnon, Emilie Hudson, Julien Bouix-Picasso, Carl-Ardy Dubois
INTRODUCTION: Continuing education (CE) is imperative to the future of professional nursing. The use of e-learning by registered nurses for CE is spreading. A review of systematic reviews will be conducted to develop a broad picture of the effects of e-learning in a CE context on nursing care. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Systematic qualitative, quantitative and mixed studies reviews published in English, French or Spanish from 1 January 2006 will be included. The outcomes of interest will be extracted and analysed inductively and deductively from the Nursing Care Performance Framework; some themes include nursing resources, nurses' practice environment, processes, professional satisfaction, and nursing sensitive outcomes...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042375/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-interventions-for-management-of-chronic-central-neuropathic-pain-a-scoping-review-protocol
#3
Mei Lin Chen, Lin Yao, Jennifer Boger, Kathryn Mercer, Benjamin Thompson, Ning Jiang
INTRODUCTION: Pain can affect people regardless of age, gender or ethnicity. Chronic central neuropathic pain (CCNP) is a debilitating condition that affects populations such as stroke survivors, amputees, spinal cord injury patients and patients with multiple sclerosis, with prevalence rates between 30% and 80%. This condition can be caused by a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system. CCNP is notoriously drug resistant, and few effective CCNP treatment or management strategies exist...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041781/nursing-students-perceptions-of-soft-skills-training-in-ghana
#4
Luke Laari, Barbara M Dube
BACKGROUND: The quality of nursing care rendered today is markedly reducing and the amount of time spent with patients listening to and explaining issues concerning their conditions is gradually diminishing. The therapeutic touch and the listening ear of the nurse are no longer accessible to the patient. Understanding what non-technical skills are and their relevance for healthcare practitioners has become a new area of consideration. Although recent literature has highlighted the necessity of introducing soft skills training and assessment within medical education, nursing education is yet to fully embrace this skills training...
September 22, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030395/dignitarian-medical-ethics
#5
Linda Barclay
Philosophers and bioethicists are typically sceptical about invocations of dignity in ethical debates. Many believe that dignity is essentially devoid of meaning: either a mere rhetorical gesture used in the absence of good argument or a faddish term for existing values like autonomy and respect. On the other hand, the patient experience of dignity is a substantial area of research in healthcare fields like nursing and palliative care. In this paper, it is argued that philosophers have much to learn from the concrete patient experiences described in healthcare literature...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025847/exploring-the-role-of-the-nurse-manager-in-supporting-point-of-care-nurses-adoption-of-electronic-health-records-protocol-for-a-qualitative-research-study
#6
Gillian Strudwick, Richard G Booth, Ragnhildur I Bjarnadottir, Sarah Collins, Rani Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of electronic health record (EHR) systems have been implemented in clinical practice environments where nurses work. Findings from previous studies have found that a number of intended benefits of the technology have not yet been realised to date, partially due to poor system adoption among health professionals such as nurses. Previous studies have suggested that nurse managers can support the effective adoption and use of the technology by nurses. However, no known studies have identified what role nurse managers have in supporting technology adoption, nor the specific strategies that managers can employ to support their staff...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025839/family-attitudes-actions-decisions-and-experiences-following-implementation-of-deemed-consent-and-the-human-transplantation-wales-act-2013-mixed-method-study-protocol
#7
Jane Noyes, Karen Morgan, Phillip Walton, Abigail Roberts, Leah Mclaughlin, Michael Stephens
INTRODUCTION: The Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013 (the Act) introduced a 'soft opt-out' system of organ donation on 1 December 2015. Citizens are encouraged to make their organ donation decision known during their lifetime. In order to work, the Act and media campaign need to create a context, whereby organ donation becomes the norm, and create a mechanism for people to behave as intended (formally register their decision; consider appointing a representative; convey their donation decision to their families and friends or do nothing-deemed consent)...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023537/development-and-validation-of-a-nursing-professionalism-evaluation-model-in-a-career-ladder-system
#8
Yeon Hee Kim, Young Sun Jung, Ja Min, Eun Young Song, Jung Hui Ok, Changwon Lim, Kyunghee Kim, Ji-Su Kim
BACKGROUND: The clinical ladder system categorizes the degree of nursing professionalism and rewards and is an important human resource tool for managing nursing. AIM: We developed a model to evaluate nursing professionalism, which determines the clinical ladder system levels, and verified its validity. METHODS: Data were collected using a clinical competence tool developed in this study, and existing methods such as the nursing professionalism evaluation tool, peer reviews, and face-to-face interviews to evaluate promotions and verify the presented content in a medical institution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993389/innovative-telemonitoring-enhanced-care-programme-for-chronic-heart-failure-itec-chf-to-improve-guideline-compliance-and-collaborative-care-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Hang Ding, Rajiv Jayasena, Andrew Maiorana, Alison Dowling, Sheau Huey Chen, Mohan Karunanithi, Jamie Layland, Iain Edwards
INTRODUCTION: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a life-threatening chronic disease characterised by periodic exacerbations and recurrent hospitalisations. In the management of CHF, patient compliance with evidence-based clinical guidelines is essential, but remains difficult practically. The objective of this study is to examine whether an Innovative Telemonitoring Enhanced Care Programme for CHF (ITEC-CHF) improves patients' compliance, and associated health and economic outcomes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: An open multicentre randomised controlled trial has been designed...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991602/nurses-experiences-of-end-of-life-care-in-long-term-care-hospitals-in-japan-balancing-improving-the-quality-of-life-and-sustaining-the-lives-of-patients-dying-at-hospitals
#10
Ryo Odachi, Tomoko Tamaki, Mikiko Ito, Taketoshi Okita, Yuri Kitamura, Tomotaka Sobue
PURPOSE: In Japan, about 80% of deaths occur in hospitals, especially long-term care beds. The purpose of this study was to clarify the nursing practices used for such older patients at the end-of-life stage in long-termcare wards via the modified grounded theory approach (M-GTA). METHODS: Data were obtained through semi-structured interviews of nineteen nurses working in cooperating long-term care wards, acute care wards, or hospice services (to allow for constant comparison between these types of wards) in western Japan in 2014...
September 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987211/oocyte-cryopreservation-for-fertility-preservation-in-healthy-women
#11
Eleanor L Stevenson, Melissa J Hurt, Kathryn J Trotter
Advancements in methods of fertility preservation have resulted in more options available to women seeking to postpone reproduction. Preservation of unfertilized oocytes provides women with the possibility for reproduction even after age-related declines in fertility might make conceiving a child difficult to impossible. As oocyte cryopreservation rises in popularity among women, it is crucial for nurses and other clinicians to understand the background, process, ethical issues, and risks involved to help women make informed medical decisions...
October 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983952/general-and-professional-values-of-student-nurses-and-nurse-educators
#12
Olga Riklikiene, Laima Karosas, Snieguole Kaseliene
AIM: To explore and compare the self-reported general and professional values in undergraduate student nurses and nurse educators in Lithuania. BACKGROUND: Contemporary nursing requires strong moral motivation and clear values as nurses confront many ethical dilemas in their practice. Students acquire essential values of the nursing profession through the appropriate role modeling of their educators. Nursing students seek to become capable in providing ethical and professional patient care while their educators attempt to model desired behaviors...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982830/communicating-risk-in-active-surveillance-of-localised-prostate-cancer-a-protocol-for-a-qualitative-study
#13
Frances Rapport, Anne Hogden, Howard Gurney, David Gillatt, Mia Bierbaum, Patti Shih, Kate Churruca
INTRODUCTION: One in five men is likely to receive a diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) by the age of 85 years. Men diagnosed with low-risk PCa may be eligible for active surveillance (AS) to monitor their cancer to ensure that any changes are discovered and responded to in a timely way. Communication of risk in this context is more complicated than determining a numerical probability of risk, as patients wish to understand the implications of risk on their lives in concrete terms. Our study will examine how risk for PCa is perceived, experienced and communicated by patients using AS with their health professionals, and the implications for treatment and care...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981969/patient-perspectives-of-maintaining-dignity-in-indonesian-clinical-care-settings-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#14
Nurfika Asmaningrum, Yun-Fang Tsai
AIM: To gain an understanding towards the perspectives of hospitalized inpatients in Indonesia regarding maintaining dignity during clinical care. BACKGROUND: Dignity is a basic human right that is crucial for an individual's well-being. Respect for a person as a valuable human is a concept that is comparable to treating a person with dignity. Maintaining patient's dignity is an ethical goal of nursing care. Nevertheless, the concept is highly dependent on cultural context...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975473/why-are-there-so-few-ethics-consults-in-children-s-hospitals
#15
Brian Carter, Manuel Brockman, Jeremy Garrett, Angie Knackstedt, John Lantos
In most children's hospitals, there are very few ethics consultations, even though there are many ethically complex cases. We hypothesize that the reason for this may be that hospitals develop different mechanisms to address ethical issues and that many of these mechanisms are closer in spirit to the goals of the pioneers of clinical ethics than is the mechanism of a formal ethics consultation. To show how this is true, we first review the history of collaboration between philosophers and physicians about clinical dilemmas...
October 3, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972627/student-competency-perceptions-from-associate-degree-to-bachelor-degree-completion
#16
Kathlynn Northrup-Snyder, Renee' M Menkens, Miriam Dean
BACKGROUND: A curriculum evaluation gap was addressed by exploring the final year of the Oregon Consortium of Nursing Education (OCNE) curriculum through student perception of competency and benchmark proficiency. METHOD: Researchers used a mixed-methods design to explore RN to baccalaureate (RNBS) student self-assessment data on perceived benchmark proficiency. Students' written statements were coded into four attainment categories, ranging from not attained to strong...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971433/smart-health-caring-home-a-systematic-review-of-smart-home-care-for-elders-and-chronic-disease-patients
#17
Marina Moraitou, Adamantia Pateli, Sotiris Fotiou
As access to health care is important to people's health especially for vulnerable groups that need nursing for a long period of time, new studies in the human sciences argue that the health of the population depend less on the quality of the health care, or on the amount of spending that goes into health care, and more heavily on the quality of everyday life. Smart home applications are designed to "sense" and monitor the health conditions of its residents through the use of a wide range of technological components (motion sensors, video cameras, wearable devices etc...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971076/faculty-student-caring-interaction-in-nursing-education-an-integrative-review
#18
Maryam Salehian, Abbas Heydari, Nahid Aghebati, Hossein Karimi Moonaghi
Introduction: Faculty- student caring relationship in nursing education has been offered as enhancing students' learning experiences to care , desire to care for others and self-actu-alization. This review therefore was carried out to analyze faculty-student caring interactions in nursing education. Methods: This concept analysis of caring in the nursing education was conducted based on Broom methodology of integrative review. The literature was consisted of two books from two known theorists, and 47 relevant articles...
September 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971073/factors-affecting-the-belongingness-sense-of-undergraduate-nursing-students-towards-clinical-setting-a-qualitative-study
#19
Tahereh Ashktorab, Shirin Hasanvand, Naemeh Seyedfatemi, Naiire Salmani, Seyyed Vahide Hosseini
Introduction: One of the most important needs of the students to work reliably in the clinical setting is the feeling of belongingness. Understanding and recognizing such a distinguishing feature among students can reduce their stress and tension. The current research aimed at studying the experiences of belongingness among nursing students in clinical settings. Methods: In this conventional content analysis study, 12 nursing students were selected from Lorestan University of Medical Sciences by purposive method...
September 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966290/oral-function-and-nutritional-status-among-the-elderly-with-facial-and-oral-tactile-hypersensitivity-who-are-under-long-term-care
#20
Maki Shirobe, Rena Nakayama, Hirohiko Hirano, Yuki Ohara, Keiko Endo, Yutaka Watanabe, Chiyoko Hakuta
Objective In oral health care, a refusal action can cause difficulties, and tactile hypersensitivity (TH) may be a contributing factor. People with TH of the face and mouth clench their jaws. Despite numerous reports on TH among children with disabilities, reports on TH in the elderly who are under long-term care are scarce. The purpose of this study was to investigate TH among the elderly who are under long-term care.Methods We selected 80 residents (8 men and 72 women; mean age: 91.1±6.2y) in a Tokyo nursing home and investigated the presence of TH in them...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
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