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Nursing ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523437/using-participatory-action-research-to-develop-a-working-model-that-enhances-psychiatric-nurses-professionalism-the-architecture-of-stability
#1
Martin Salzmann-Erikson
Ward rules in psychiatric care aim to promote safety for both patients and staff. Simultaneously, ward rules are associated with increased patient violence, leading to neither a safe work environment nor a safe caring environment. Although ward rules are routinely used, few studies have explicitly accounted for their impact. To describe the process of a team development project considering ward rule issues, and to develop a working model to empower staff in their daily in-patient psychiatric nursing practices...
May 18, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523116/obstacles-and-problems-of-ethical-leadership-from-the-perspective-of-nursing-leaders-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#2
Maasoumeh Barkhordari-Sharifabad, Tahereh Ashktorab, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh
In the nursing profession, leadership plays a significant role in creating motivation and thus enabling nurses to provide high quality care. Ethics is an essential component of leadership qualifications and the ethical leader can help create an ethical atmosphere, offer ethical guidance, and ensure the occupational satisfaction of personnel through prioritizing moralities. However, some issues prevent the implementation of this type of leadership by nursing leaders. The aim of this study was to identify and describe some problems and obstacles in ethical leadership faced by nursing leaders, and to help them achieve more accurate information and broader perspective in this field...
2017: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521799/what-are-the-differences-among-occupational-groups-related-to-their-palliative-care-specific-educational-needs-and-intensity-of-interprofessional-collaboration-in-long-term-care-homes
#3
S Kaasalainen, T Sussman, M Bui, N Akhtar-Danesh, R D Laporte, L McCleary, A Wickson Griffiths, K Brazil, D Parker, V Dal Bello-Haas, A Papaioannou, J O'Leary
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the differences across occupational groups related to their end-of-life care-specific educational needs and reported intensity of interprofessional collaboration in long-term care (LTC) homes. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey, based on two questionnaires, was administered at four LTC homes in Ontario, Canada using a modified Dilman's approach. The first questionnaire, End of Life Professional Caregiver Survey, included three domains: patients and family-centered communication, cultural and ethical values, effective care delivery...
May 18, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515187/reducing-social-isolation-and-loneliness-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Filipa Landeiro, Paige Barrows, Ellen Nuttall Musson, Alastair M Gray, José Leal
INTRODUCTION: Social isolation and loneliness affect approximately one-third to one-half of the elderly population and have a negative impact on their physical and mental health. Group-based interventions where facilitators are well trained and where the elderly are actively engaged in their development seem to be more effective, but conclusions have been limited by weak study designs. We aim to conduct a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of health promotion interventions on social isolation or loneliness in older people...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514534/anticipatory-vigilance-a-grounded-theory-study-of-minimising-risk-within-the-perioperative-setting
#5
Brid O' Brien, Tom Andrews, Eileen Savage
AIM: To explore and explain how nurses minimise risk in the perioperative setting. BACKGROUND: Perioperative nurses care for patients who are having surgery or other invasive explorative procedures. Perioperative care is increasingly focused on how to improve patient safety. Safety and risk management is a global priority for health services in reducing risk. Many studies have explored safety within the health care settings. However little is known about how nurses minimise risk in the perioperative setting...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511609/why-the-history-of-nursing-ethics-matters
#6
Marsha D Fowler
Modern American nursing has an extensive ethical heritage literature that extends from the 1870s to 1965 when the American Nurses Association issued a policy paper that called for moving nursing education out of hospital diploma programs and into colleges and universities. One consequence of this move was the dispersion of nursing libraries and the loss of nursing ethics textbooks, as they were largely not brought over into the college libraries. In addition to approximately 100 nursing ethics textbooks, the nursing ethics heritage literature also includes hundreds of journal articles that are often made less accessible in modern databases that concentrate on the past 20 or 30 years...
May 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511085/development-implementation-and-effects-of-an-integrated-web-based-teaching-model-in-a-nursing-ethics-course
#7
S-Y Chao, Y-C Chang, S C Yang, M J Clark
BACKGROUND: Ethical competence, which is reflected in the ability to detect ethical challenges in clinical situations and engage in deliberate thinking on ethical actions, is one of the core competencies of nursing practice. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and implement an interactive situational e-learning system, integrating nursing ethical decisions into a nursing ethics course, and to evaluate the effects of this course on student nurses' ethical decision-making competence...
April 19, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507452/consulted-ethical-problems-of-clinical-nursing-practice-perspective-of-faculty-members-in-japan
#8
Mari Tsuruwaka
BACKGROUND: There are several studies that have targeted student nurses, but few have clarified the details pertaining to the specific ethical problems in clinical practice with the viewpoint of the nursing faculty. This study was to investigate the ethical problems in clinical practice reported by student nurses to Japanese nursing faculty members for the purpose of improving ethics education in clinical practice. METHOD: The subjects comprised 705 nursing faculty members (we sent three questionnaires to one university) who managed clinical practice education at 235 Japanese nursing universities...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499753/emotional-intelligence-and-stress-management-in-nursing-professionals-in-a-hospital-emergency-department
#9
Tatiana Nespereira-Campuzano, Miriam Vázquez-Campo
OBJECTIVE: To determine stress levels and to identify if there is a relationship between emotional intelligence and work stress in nurses and healthcare assistants of the Emergency Department. METHOD: Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. The population were nurses and healthcare assistants of the Emergency Department of the University Hospital of Ourense. The data were collected between January and May 2016. The tool used was a validated, anonymous, and self-administered questionnaire that included the Trait Meta-Mood Scale and Moreno's Brief Burnout Questionnaire...
May 9, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499065/not-sick-enough-experiences-of-carers-of-people-with-mental-illness-negotiating-care-for-their-relatives-with-mental-health-services
#10
Michael Olasoji, Phil Maude, Kay McCauley
AIM: The literature reporting experiences of relatives of people with mental illness regarding their interactions with mental health services identifies many commonalities. However, the actual experience of carers engaging the services and understanding health care systems remains a gap in the literature. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of carers (of people with a severe mental illness) in a major area mental health service in Victoria Australia as they fulfil their caring role whilst negotiating support for their relative...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494673/law-and-ethics-in-nursing-and-healthcare-an-introduction-avery-graham-law-and-ethics-in-nursing-and-healthcare-an-introduction-392pp-%C3%A2-26-99-sage-9781412961745-1412961742-formula-see-text
#11
(no author information available yet)
The aim of this book, now in its second edition, is to set out the main concepts of law and ethics in healthcare. Its content is up to date, comprehensive and practical, and encourages readers to seek out further resources.
May 12, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494333/implementing-monitoring-technologies-in-care-homes-for-people-with-dementia-a-qualitative-exploration-using-normalization-process-theory
#12
Alex Hall, Christine Brown Wilson, Emma Stanmore, Chris Todd
BACKGROUND: Ageing societies and a rising prevalence of dementia are associated with increasing demand for care home places. Monitoring technologies (e.g. bed-monitoring systems; wearable location-tracking devices) are appealing to care homes as they may enhance safety, increase resident freedom, and reduce staff burden. However, there are ethical concerns about the use of such technologies, and it is unclear how they might be implemented to deliver their full range of potential benefits...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493636/families-perceptions-of-the-contribution-of-intellectual-disability-clinical-nurse-specialists-id-cnss-in-ireland
#13
Owen Doody, Eamonn Slevin, Laurence Taggart
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To explore families perceptions of the contribution of clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) in intellectual disability nursing in Ireland. BACKGROUND: CNS roles have developed over the years and are seen as complex and multifaceted, causing confusion, frustration and controversy. 2001 saw the formal introduction of CNS roles in Ireland across nursing including intellectual disability. DESIGN: A exploratory qualitative approach utilising semi-structured one-to-one interviews with 10 family members regarding their perceptions of the CNS in intellectual disability...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490560/nursing-home-team-care-deprescribing-study-a-stepped-wedge-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#14
Chong-Han Kua, Cindy Ying Ying Yeo, Cheryl Wai Teng Char, Cheryl Wei Yan Tan, Poh Ching Tan, Vivienne Sl Mak, Shaun Wen Huey Lee, Ian Yi-Onn Leong
INTRODUCTION: An ageing population has become an urgent concern for Asia in recent times. In nursing homes, polypharmacy has also become a compounding issue. Deprescribing practice is an evidence-based strategy to provide a better outcome in this group of patients; however, its implementation in nursing homes is often challenging, and prospective outcome data on deprescribing practice in the elderly is lacking. Our study assesses the implementation of team-care deprescribing to understand the benefits of this practice in geriatric setting and to explore the factors affecting deprescribing practice...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488839/nurses-need-not-be-guilty-bystanders-caring-for-vulnerable-immigrant-populations
#15
Elizabeth Moran Fitzgerald, Judith G Myers, Paul Clark
Nurses face many dilemmas when providing healthcare to immigrants, a vulnerable population. Racist, rancorous dialogue can create a hostile care environment that may place patients at risk for substandard care. This article presents a two part case study about a Hispanic patient to illustrate both examples of inappropriate dialogue (Part I) and potential nursing actions (Part 2). The authors review myths versus facts about Hispanic immigrants and introduce activist Thomas Merton’s concept of the guilty bystander, the nursing professional code of ethics, and Professor Joseph Badaracco’s concepts of quiet leadership as practical tools and approaches that nurses can use to advocate for safe, quality, ethical care of immigrant populations...
December 1, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487877/preoperative-fasting-among-adult-patients-for-elective-surgery-in-a-kenyan-referral-hospital
#16
George Njoroge, Lucy Kivuti-Bitok, Samuel Kimani
Background. Preoperative fasting (POF) is physiologically and precautionary important during anesthesia and surgery. POF from midnight has been practiced despite the recommended shorter practice. Objective. Assessing preoperative fasting among adult patients scheduled for elective surgery at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH). Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study involving 65 surgical patients. A questionnaire of mixed questions on demographics, reasons, source of instructions, opinion on instructions, time, premedication practices, outcome, and complains on NPO was used...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486898/patient-and-community-attitudes-toward-perioperative-biobanking-and-genomic-research
#17
J Liddell, C Bain, P S Myles
We surveyed hospital patients and clinicians to ascertain their attitudes to the establishment of a perioperative biobank for future genomics research, and whether the requirements for an opt-out approach to consent can be met. We enrolled hospital patients (n=187), patient spouse/family members (n=64), ethics committee members (n=14), and clinical staff (doctors and nurses [n=67]), and unspecified community members (n=10). They were asked to rate and describe their views on medical research and biobanking, the need for individual consent, and the importance of confidentiality...
May 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485907/-the-ethical-leadership-of-the-nursing-ward-managers-as-a-key-determinant-of-nurses-organisational-behaviours-in-the-healthcare-settings
#18
Francesco Zaghini, Valentina Biagioli, Roberta Fida, Alessandro Sili
AIM: The main aim of this study is to examine the influence of the coordinator's ethical leadership on nurses' emotions (i.e., positive and negative) and work behaviours. METHOD: A questionnaire was administered in paper format, including well-validated scales reported in literature, to a sample of 347 nurses working in a university hospital. A structural equation model has been tested after examining Pearson's correlations among study variables. RESULTS: The coordinator's ethical leadership is strongly related to the implementation of nurses' organisational citizenship behaviour and counterproductive work behaviour, which are influenced by their emotions...
January 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482856/the-impact-of-the-inpatient-practice-of-continuous-deep-sedation-until-death-on-healthcare-professionals-emotional-well-being-a-systematic-review
#19
Sarah Ziegler, Hannes Merker, Margareta Schmid, Milo A Puhan
BACKGROUND: The practice of continuous deep sedation is a challenging clinical intervention with demanding clinical and ethical decision-making. Though current research indicates that healthcare professionals' involvement in such decisions is associated with emotional stress, little is known about sedation-related emotional burden. This study aims to systematically review the evidence on the impact of the inpatient practice of continuous deep sedation until death on healthcare professionals' emotional well-being...
May 8, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481131/new-visiting-policy-a-step-toward-nursing-ethics
#20
Shiva Khaleghparast, Soodabeh Joolaee, Majid Maleki, Hamid Peyrovi, Behrooz Ghanbari, Naser Bahrani
BACKGROUND: Patients' rights arise from their expectations of the healthcare system, which are rooted in their needs. Visitation is seen as a necessary need for patients and families in intensive care units. OBJECTIVES: The authors attempted to design, implement, and evaluate a new visiting policy in the intensive care units. RESEARCH DESIGN: This study was an action research, including two qualitative and quantitative approaches. Participants and research context: The viewpoints of 51 participants (patients, families, doctors, nurses, and guards) on how to change the limited visiting policy were explained through semi-structured interviews and focus groups...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
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