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Nursing ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640752/argumentation-a-methodology-to-facilitate-critical-thinking
#1
Agnes Makhene
Caring is a difficult nursing activity that involves a complex nature of a human being in need of complex decision-making and problem solving through the critical thinking process. It is mandatory that critical thinking is facilitated in general and in nursing education particularly in order to render care in diverse multicultural patient care settings. This paper aims to describe how argumentation can be used to facilitate critical thinking in learners. A qualitative, exploratory and descriptive design that is contextual was used...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635570/quality-dementia-care-prerequisites-and-relational-ethics-among-multicultural-healthcare-providers
#2
Gerd Sylvi Sellevold, Veslemøy Egede-Nissen, Rita Jakobsen, Venke Sørlie
BACKGROUND: Many nursing homes appear as multicultural workplaces where the majority of healthcare providers have an ethnic minority background. This environment creates challenges linked to communication, interaction and cultural differences. Furthermore, the healthcare providers have varied experiences and understanding of what quality care of patients with dementia involves. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to illuminate multi-ethnic healthcare providers' lived experiences of their own working relationship, and its importance to quality care for people with dementia...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629318/the-effect-of-a-daily-application-of-a-0-05-chlorhexidine-oral-rinse-solution-on-the-incidence-of-aspiration-pneumonia-in-nursing-home-residents-a-multicenter-study
#3
Vanessa R Y Hollaar, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Claar D van der Maarel-Wierink, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Bert J M de Swart, Nico H J Creugers
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia and potential respiratory pathogens in the oral biofilm are risk factors for aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents. The aim of the study was to examine if the daily application of 0.05% chlorhexidine oral rinse solution is effective in reducing the incidence of aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents with dysphagia. Associations between background variables (age, gender, dysphagia severity, care dependency, medication use, number of medical diagnoses, teeth and dental implants, and wearing removable dentures) and the incidence of aspiration pneumonia were also examined...
June 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618112/older-patients-with-late-stage-copd-their-illness-experiences-and-involvement-in-decision-making-regarding-mechanical-ventilation-and-noninvasive-ventilation
#4
Heidi Jerpseth, Vegard Dahl, Per Nortvedt, Kristin Halvorsen
Older patients with late-stage COPD: their illness experiences and involvement in decision-making regarding mechanical ventilation and noninvasive ventilation AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was twofold: first, to explore the illness experiences of older patients' with late-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and second, to develop knowledge about how patients perceive their preferences to be taken into account in decision-making processes concerning mechanical ventilation and /or non-invasive ventilation...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618087/telephone-nursing-in-sweden-a-narrative-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Elenor Kaminsky, Marta Röing, Annica Björkman, Inger K Holmström
Telephone nursing services are expanding globally. Swedish Healthcare Direct is the largest healthcare provider in Sweden. This paper provides a comprehensive understanding of telephone nursing, as reflected by research on Swedish national telephone nursing, and discusses the findings in relation to international literature. A descriptive, mixed-studies literature review was conducted. Twenty-four articles from January 2003 to April 2015 were identified from PubMed, Scopus, and CINAHL, and included. The issues explored in this study are how telephone nursing is perceived by callers, telephone nurses, and managers, and what characterizes such calls...
June 15, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612650/pediatric-nurses-ethical-difficulties-in-the-bedside-care-of-children
#6
Kwisoon Choe, Yoonjung Kim, Yoonseo Yang
BACKGROUND: Pediatric nurses experience ethically difficult situations in their everyday work. Several studies have been conducted to reveal ethical issues among pediatric nurses; we do not think their ethical difficulties have been explored sufficiently from their own perspective. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the ethical difficulties faced by pediatric nurses during bedside care for hospitalized children. METHODS: A phenomenological approach was used to collect and analyze interview data from 14 female pediatric nurses in South Korea...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605124/developing-abilities-to-navigate-through-the-grey-zones-in-complex-environments-nurses-reasons-for-applying-to-a-clinical-ethics-residency-for-nurses
#7
Martha Jurchak, Pamela J Grace, Susan M Lee, Danny G Willis, Angelika A Zollfrank, Ellen M Robinson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nurses face complex ethical issues in practice and have to determine appropriate actions. An inability to conceptualize or follow a preferred course of action can give rise to moral uncertainty or moral distress. Both moral uncertainty and moral distress are problematic for nurses and their patients. A program designed to increase nurse confidence in moral decision making, the clinical ethics residency for nurses (CERN), was offered selectively to nurses affiliated with two academic medical centers...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604227/on-the-violation-of-hospitalized-patients-rights-a-qualitative-study
#8
Mojgan Khademi, Eesa Mohammadi, Zohreh Vanaki
BACKGROUND: Nurses have always been known as an advocate for the rights of patients. The recognition of what is perceived as the violation of patients' rights can help nurses to understand patients' concerns and priorities. Thus, it helps nurses play their supportive roles more effectively. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore different dimensions of the violation of patients' rights. RESEARCH DESIGN: Data were collected utilizing unstructured interviews and field notes...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600450/establishing-a-legal-service-for-major-trauma-patients-at-a-major-trauma-centre-in-the-uk
#9
William H Seligman, Julian Thompson, Hannah E Thould, Charlotte Tan, Andrew Dinsmore, David J Lockey
BACKGROUND: Major trauma causes unanticipated critical illness and patients have often made few arrangements for what are sudden and life-changing circumstances. This can lead to financial, housing, insurance, legal and employment issues for patients and their families.A UK law firm worked with the major trauma services to develop a free and comprehensive legal service for major trauma patients and their families at a major trauma centre (MTC) in the UK. METHODS: In 2013, a legal service was established at North Bristol NHS Trust...
June 9, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600370/substituting-physicians-with-nurse-practitioners-physician-assistants-or-nurses-in-nursing-homes-protocol-for-a-realist-evaluation-case-study
#10
Marleen Hermien Lovink, Anke Persoon, Anneke Jah van Vught, Lisette Schoonhoven, Raymond Tcm Koopmans, Miranda Gh Laurant
INTRODUCTION: In developed countries, substituting physicians with nurse practitioners, physician assistants and nurses (physician substitution) occurs in nursing homes as an answer to the challenges related to the ageing population and the shortage of staff, as well as to guarantee the quality of nursing home care. However, there is great diversity in how physician substitution in nursing homes is modelled and it is unknown how it can best contribute to the quality of healthcare. This study aims to gain insight into how physician substitution is modelled and whether it contributes to perceived quality of healthcare...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594666/negligence-and-the-nurse-the-value-of-the-code-of-ethics-for-nurses
#11
Sonya R Jacoby, Elizabeth Ann Scruth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592137/defining-research-the-effect-of-linguistic-choices-on-the-intentions-to-participate-in-clinical-research
#12
Yulia A Strekalova
Significant barriers to participant recruitment for clinical research (CR) are related to effective communication, and nurse coordinators are entrusted with being knowledge brokers between investigators and prospective participants. This prospective cohort study sought to identify linguistic choices that could inform and facilitate recruitment efforts. Healthy adults ( N = 204) were invited to join an online survey to assess the likelihood of participation in CR based on short and extended definitions of CR...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587503/sense-of-responsibility-in-icu-end-of-life-decision-making-relatives-experiences
#13
Ranveig Lind
BACKGROUND: Relatives of intensive care unit patients who lack or have reduced capacity to consent are entitled to information and participation in decision-making together with the patient. Practice varies with legislation in different countries. In Norway, crucial decisions such as withdrawing treatment are made by clinicians, usually morally justified to relatives with reference to the principle of non-maleficence. The relatives should, however, be consulted about whether they know what the patient would have wished in the situation...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587502/ethical-values-in-nurse-education-perceived-by-students-and-educators
#14
Mahsa Boozaripour, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Mohsen Shahriari, Fariba Borhani
BACKGROUND: Education is considered the first function and mission of the university, and observing educational ethics guarantees the health of the teaching-learning process in the university. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore ethical values in nursing education from the perspective of Iranian nursing students and educators. RESEARCH DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted using the Thematic Content Analyses method. The data were collected from seven semi-structured individual interviews and three focus group discussions from July to November 2015...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584564/ethical-sensitivity-in-nursing-ethical-leadership-a-content-analysis-of-iranian-nurses-experiences
#15
Fatemeh Esmaelzadeh, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Fariba Borhani, Hamid Peyrovi
BACKGROUND: Considering that many nursing actions affect other people's health and life, sensitivity to ethics in nursing practice is highly important to ethical leaders as a role model. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to explore ethical sensitivity in ethical nursing leaders in Iran. METHOD: This was a qualitative study based on the conventional content analysis in 2015. Data were collected using deep and semi-structured interviews with 20 Iranian nurses...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583564/recognition-of-kidney-donation-by-living-kidney-donors-that-accompanies-changes-in-the-recipients-physical-condition-focusing%C3%A2-on-its-influences-on-donors
#16
Y Takada
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, a total of 1586 kidney transplants were performed in Japan, and 1431 (90.2%) of the organs were from living donors. The purpose of this study is to illuminate the awareness of living kidney donors toward kidney donation after the condition of the recipient changed, thus clarifying the influence of that recognition on the donor. METHODS: This study design was qualitative descriptive research. Transplant coordinators at 4 hospitals were commissioned to screen subject candidates and hand-deliver printed research explanations to them...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582952/improving-work-conditions-through-strike-examination-of-nurses-attitudes-through-perceptions-of-two-physician-strikes-in-israel
#17
Liat Gafni-Lachter, Hanna Admi, Yael Eilon, Jesse Lachter
BACKGROUND: Strikes are means to influence policies related to working conditions, yet raise ethical dilemmas for healthcare workers. Nurse strikes have become more prominent around the world. OBJECTIVE: To assess the change in Israeli nurses' attitudes towards strikes in light of two physician strikes that have preceded a nursing strike. METHODS: An anonymous survey was administered once in 2000 (N = 106) and again in 2011 (n = 175) following 110 days of a physician strike, to assess nurses' attitudes towards the strike and resulting ethical issues...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580614/instrumentalisation-of-the-health-system-an-examination-of-the-impact-on-nursing-practice-and-patient-autonomy
#18
Jesús Molina-Mula, Elizabeth Peter, Julia Gallo-Estrada, Catalina Perelló-Campaner
Most current management systems of healthcare institutions correspond to a model of market ethics with its demands of competitiveness. This approach has been called managerialism and is couched in terms of much-needed efficiencies and effective management of budgetary constraints. The aim of this study was to analyse the decision-making of nurses through the impact of health institution management models on clinical practice. Based on Foucault's ethical theory, a qualitative study was conducted through a discourse analysis of the nursing records in a hospital unit...
June 4, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576661/knowledge-and-practice-related-to-gestational-diabetes-among-primary-health-care-providers-in-morocco-potential-for-a-defragmentation-of-care
#19
Bettina Utz, Bouchra Assarag, Amina Essolbi, Amina Barkat, Alexandre Delamou, Vincent De Brouwere
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess knowledge and practices of general practitioners, nurses and midwives working at primary health care facilities in Morocco regarding screening and management of gestational diabetes (GDM). METHODS: Structured interviews with 100 doctors, midwives and nurses at 44 randomly selected public health care centers were conducted in Marrakech and Al Haouz. All data were descriptively analyzed. Ethical approval for the study was granted by the institutional review boards in Belgium and Morocco...
May 30, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574800/nursing-staff-stress-and-individual-characteristics-in-relation-to-the-ward-atmosphere-in-psychiatric-in-patient-wards
#20
Hanna Tuvesson, Mona Eklund
This study investigated the interplay between nursing staff stress, Mastery, Moral Sensitivity, individual characteristics and the ward atmosphere in psychiatric in-patient care. Data were collected through five questionnaires from 93 nursing staff. Multivariate analysis showed that Moral Strength, Moral Burden, Internal Demands, Perceived Stress and age were related to several factors of the ward atmosphere. We conclude that efforts to reduce stress levels and create a supporting ethical climate on psychiatric wards would be beneficial for both psychiatric nursing staff and their nursing practice...
June 2, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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