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Nursing ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901635/relational-principles-in-the-care-of-suicidal-inpatients-experiences-of-therapists-and-mental-health-nurses
#1
Julia Hagen, Heidi Hjelmeland, Birthe Loa Knizek
This study explored and compared therapists' and mental health nurses' experiences of caring for suicidal inpatients in light of ethics of care and ethics of justice. Analysis of interview data from eight therapists and eight mental health nurses indicates two approaches: "connection and care" and "duty and control," reflecting aspects of both ethical perspectives. There are some differences between the two professional groups, and sometimes there might be conflicts between the two approaches and ethical perspectives...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901444/the-ethical-significance-of-moral-distress-inequality-and-nurses-constraint-distress
#2
Carina Fourie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900747/-the-positionality-of-caring-action-small-group-dialogue-in-a-course-on-nursing-ethics
#3
Hsien-Hsien Chiang
BACKGROUND: The content of nursing-ethics education has typically focused on the external standards of caring behavior and neglected the relationship between the ethical attitudes and internal experiences of caregivers. PURPOSE: To explore the embodied experience in order to define the positionality of caring action, which is necessary to enrich the content of nursing ethics through small-group-learning-based dialogue. METHODS: The researcher, as a participant observer, teaches a course on nursing ethics...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900742/-precision-nursing-individual-based-knowledge-translation
#4
Li-Chi Chiang, Mei-Ling Yeh, Sui-Lung Su
U.S. President Obama announced a new era of precision medicine in the Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI). This initiative aims to accelerate the progress of personalized medicine in light of individual requirements for prevention and treatment in order to improve the state of individual and public health. The recent and dramatic development of large-scale biologic databases (such as the human genome sequence), powerful methods for characterizing patients (such as genomics, microbiome, diverse biomarkers, and even pharmacogenomics), and computational tools for analyzing big data are maximizing the potential benefits of precision medicine...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898287/international-association-for-hospice-and-palliative-care-position-statement-euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide
#5
Liliana De Lima, Roger Woodruff, Katherine Pettus, Julia Downing, Rosa Buitrago, Esther Munyoro, Chitra Venkateswaran, Sushma Bhatnagar, Lukas Radbruch
BACKGROUND: Reports about regulations and laws on Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS) are becoming increasingly common in the media. Many groups have expressed opposition to euthanasia and PAS while those in favor argue that severely chronically ill and debilitated patients have a right to control the timing and manner of their death. Others argue that both PAS and euthanasia are ethically legitimate in rare and exceptional cases. Given that these discussions as well as the new and proposed laws and regulations may have a powerful impact on patients, caregivers, and health care providers, the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) has prepared this statement...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896390/-assisted-suicide-in-the-movies-what-is-not-shown
#6
Kurt W Schmidt
Whereas changes to the existing legal situation regarding assisted suicide have been a topic of controversial debate in Germany for the last few years, this issue has long been of interest for international film-makers. Since the mid-1980s, the theme of assisted suicide has repeatedly been taken up by cinema, predominantly as central to a relationship drama. A sick person asks somebody close to them for help. Often this somebody is a physician or a nurse, ultimately an obvious way of solving the practical problem of how the assistant is to gain access to a lethal substance...
November 28, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893903/to-blog-or-not-to-blog-what-do-nursing-faculty-think
#7
Krista Jones, Mary Kate Garrity, Kathryn J VanderZwan, Iris Epstein, Arlene Burla de la Rocha
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators find themselves tasked with developing content that both is aesthetically appealing and engages today's technological learners while empowering them to apply their knowledge in clinical and classroom settings. Students engaging with social networking systems reported increased satisfaction with collaborative peer-to-peer learning experiences, socialization, self-reflection, peer critique, problem-solving skills, collation of evidence-based resources, and instructor performance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882654/digital-technologies-as-truth-bearers-in-health-care
#8
Ruth Bartlett, Andrew Balmer, Petula Brannelly
In this study, we explore the idea of digital technologies as truth-bearers in health care and argue that devices like SenseCam, which facilitate reflection and memory recall, have a potentially vital role in healthcare situations when questions of veracity are at stake (e.g., when best interest decisions are being made). We discuss the role of digital technologies as truth-bearers in the context of nursing people with dementia, as this is one area of health care in which the topic of truth-telling has been hotly debated...
November 23, 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882035/problem-solving-loneliness-depression-levels-and-associated-factors-in-high-school-adolescents
#9
Ummugulsum Sahin, Filiz Adana
OBJECTIVES: To determine problem solving, loneliness, depression levels and associated factors in high school adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a city west of Turkey (Bursa) in a public high school and the population was 774 and the sampling was 394 students. Students to be included in the study were selected using the multiple sampling method. A personal Information Form with 23 questions, Problem Solving Inventory (PSI), Loneliness Scale (UCLA), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were used as data collection tools in the study...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880987/assessing-surgical-research-at-the-teaching-hospital-level
#10
Kate E McBride, Jane M Young, Paul G Bannon, Michael J Solomon
BACKGROUND: To undertake a comprehensive needs assessment to determine the baseline of surgical research activity at a tertiary referral hospital in Sydney, Australia. METHOD: The comprehensive needs assessment comprised three components: a retrospective audit of the hospital ethics committee records to identify surgical research activity; a survey of all 17 surgical departments about the availability of 10 potential research resources and a survey of surgical staff to ascertain perceptions of research culture at the organizational, team and individual levels...
November 23, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878859/paying-patient-and-caregiver-research-participants-putting-theory-into-practice
#11
Meg Polacsek, Gayelene Boardman, Terence V McCann
AIM: To review and discuss the ethical and practical considerations about paying patient and caregiver participants in nursing research and, based on this review, to develop a set of guiding principles about payment of participants. BACKGROUND: To increase recruitment and retention, it is becoming increasingly common in nursing research to provide some form of payment to participants. The risk is that the promise of a payment may influence a patient or caregiver's decision to participate in research...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878843/mixed-method-research-protocol-defining-and-operationalizing-patient-related-complexity-of-nursing-care-in-acute-care-hospitals
#12
Evelyn Huber, Michael Kleinknecht-Dolf, Phil Marianne Müller, Christiane Kugler, Rebecca Spirig
AIM: To define the concept of patient-related complexity of nursing care in acute care hospitals and to operationalize it in a questionnaire. BACKGROUND: The concept of patient-related complexity of nursing care in acute care hospitals has not been conclusively defined in the literature. The operationalization in a corresponding questionnaire is necessary, given the increased significance of the topic, due to shortened lengths of stay and increased patient morbidity...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872122/polymyxin-b-immobilised-haemoperfusion-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-with-sepsis-septic-shock-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Tomoko Fujii, Riki Ganeko, Yuki Kataoka, Robin Featherstone, Sean M Bagshaw, Toshi A Furukawa
INTRODUCTION: Polymyxin-B immobilised haemoperfusion (PMX-HP) is a promising adjuvant strategy for the treatment of sepsis and septic shock. PMX-HP therapy works by clearing circulating endotoxin through binding to polymyxin-immobilised fibres during haemoperfusion. Small clinical trials have shown that PMX-HP therapy is associated with improved haemodynamic profile, oxygenation and survival. However, clear inferences have been largely inconclusive due to limitations in study design (eg, small, unblinded) and generalisability...
November 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862992/realising-dignity-in-care-home-practice-an-action-research-project
#14
Ann Gallagher, Katherine Curtis, Michael Dunn, Lesley Baillie
BACKGROUND: More than 400,000 older people reside in over 18,000 care homes in England. A recent social care survey found up to 50% of older people in care homes felt their dignity was undermined. Upholding the dignity of older people in care homes has implications for residents' experiences and the role of Registered Nurses. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to explore how best to translate the concept of dignity into care home practice, and how to support this translation process by enabling Registered Nurses to provide ethical leadership within the care home setting...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862564/between-meaning-and-duty-leaders-uses-and-misuses-of-ethical-arguments-in-generating-engagement
#15
Benjamin Olivares Bøgeskov, Lise Dam Rasmussen, Elvi Weinreich
AIM: To identify, record and determine from the perspective of an argumentation theory whether and how nurse leaders use or possibly misuse ethical arguments to motivate and engage their staff when daily practice is affected by reforms. BACKGROUND: In some cases, health reforms based on New Public Management theories have met resistance, especially when perceived as contrary to nurses' professional and personal ethical values, creating a motivational challenge for nurse leaders...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862506/focus-group-interviews-examining-the-contribution-of-intellectual-disability-clinical-nurse-specialists-in-ireland
#16
Owen Doody, Eamonn Slevin, Laurence Taggart
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the contribution of clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) in intellectual disability nursing in Ireland. BACKGROUND: While CNSs exist since the 1940's they have only been a reality in Ireland since 2001. While the role of CNS has developed over the years, it still however is often seen as a complex multifaceted role that causes confusion, frustration and controversy. DESIGN: A exploratory qualitative approach utilising focus groups with Irish intellectual disability CNSs (n=31)...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858594/the-attitudes-of-nursing-students-to-euthanasia
#17
Ladan Naseh, Mohammad Heidari
One of the most common morally controversial issues in endof-life care is euthanasia. Examining the attitudes of nursing students to this issue is important because they may encounter situations related to euthanasia during their clinical courses. The aim of our study was to examine nursing students' attitudes to euthanasia in Shahrekord city in western Iran. This was done using the Euthanasia Attitude Scale. The scale is divided into four categories, ie ethical considerations, practical considerations, treasuring life and naturalistic beliefs...
October 28, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854429/serving-on-organizational-boards-what-nurses-need-to-know
#18
Ann M Stalter, Deborah Arms
If you have ever thought about serving on a board or being actively involved in meetings aimed at making policy decisions, but are not sure you have the knowledge, skills or abilities to serve competently, this article is for you! In this article, the authors describe six competencies needed by nurses who are serving on boards and/or policy committees so as to contribute in a productive manner. These competencies include a professional commitment to serving on a governing board; knowledge about board types, bylaws, and job descriptions; an understanding of standard business protocols, board member roles, and voting processes; a willingness to use principles for managing and leading effective and efficient board meetings; an appreciation for the ethical and legal processes for conducting meetings; and the ability to employ strategies for maintaining control during intense/uncivil situations...
February 26, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834281/factors-that-impact-on-emergency-nurses-ethical-decision-making-ability
#19
Barbara Alba
BACKGROUND: Reliance on moral principles and professional codes has given nurses direction for ethical decision-making. However, rational models do not capture the emotion and reality of human choice. Intuitive response must be considered. RESEARCH PURPOSE: Supporting intuition as an important ethical decision-making tool for nurses, the aim of this study was to determine relationships between intuition, years of worked nursing experience, and perceived ethical decision-making ability...
November 10, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834280/addressing-ethical-concerns-arising-in-nursing-and-midwifery-students-reflective-assignments
#20
Bridie McCarthy, Joan McCarthy, Anna Trace, Pamela Grace
BACKGROUND: Written reflections on practice are frequently requirements of nursing curricula. They are widely accepted as necessary for improving critical thinking and problem-solving skills. Faculty, are expected to review reflections and provide feedback that helps professional development and facilitates good practice. It is less clear what the actions of nurse educators should be when ethical infractions are revealed in the narratives. OBJECTIVES: We had two aims: 1) To combine insights from a literature review of empirical and theoretical research related to responding to ethical issues revealed in student reflections with our experiences reviewing the reflections of undergraduate nursing and midwifery students, and 2) to construct and analyze a hybrid case from these insights in order to develop guidelines for nurse educators...
November 10, 2016: Nursing Ethics
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