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Nursing ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221560/-commitment-at-the-heart-of-the-nursing-profession
#1
Brigitte Lecointre
Although it is a free choice and appears paradoxical, the choice to be a nurse is binding. In keeping with its Code of Ethics, the nursing profession demands an ethical, social, political and collective commitment that we cannot shy away from or we will fail to fulfil our obligations.
December 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219871/reflection-in-the-training-of-nurses-in-clinical-practice-settings-a-scoping-review-protocol
#2
Linda Schumann Scheel, Micah D J Peters, Anna Christine Meinertz Møbjerg
This scoping review will seek to find answers for the following questions which will focus on the use of reflection in the education of nurses in clinical settings:The review will also extract and map data regarding: i) what outcomes have been found in relation to the use of different tools and approaches (e.g. dialogues, diaries, case studies); ii) how approaches and tools have been implemented as interventions; iii) details of the topic or focus of reflection (e.g. ethical issues, care of older adults etc...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218967/call-for-national-dialogue-adapting-standards-of-care-in-extreme-events-we-are-not-ready
#3
Lynette Cusack, Kristine Gebbie
Clinical practices are based on a common understanding of nursing's professional standards in all aspects of patient care, no matter what the circumstances are. Circumstances can however, change dramatically due to emergencies, disasters, or pandemics and may make it difficult to meet the standard of care in the way nurses are accustomed. The Australian nursing profession has not yet facilitated a broad discussion and debate at the professional and institutional level about adapting standards of care under extreme conditions, a dialogue which goes beyond the content of basic emergency and disaster preparedness...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218819/a-conceptual-model-of-the-risk-of-elder-abuse-posed-by-incontinence-and-care-dependence
#4
Joan Ostaszkiewicz
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe and critically analyse the thinking that led to the concept of an association between incontinence, care dependence and elder abuse. BACKGROUND: Coercive or abusive continence care practices include chastising a person for their incontinence and overriding their attempts to resist continence care. Neglect in continence care is characterised by withholding or delaying responding to requests for help to maintain continence or to manage incontinence, and restricting a person's access to toileting assistance, incontinence aids or hygiene care...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218400/-emotional-robots-in-a-nursing-context-empirical-analysis-of-the-present-use-and-the-effects-of-paro-and-pleo
#5
REVIEW
Stefanie Baisch, Thorsten Kolling, Saskia Rühl, Barbara Klein, Johannes Pantel, Frank Oswald, Monika Knopf
BACKGROUND: It has been questioned by researchers in robotics as well in the general public to what extent companion-type robots can support the elderly with the fulfillment of their psychological and social needs. Although these robots have already been used in care settings in Germany, research has referred little to this practical experience in order to analyze their impact and benefit. To start to close this gap, the current article reports on the current use of companion-type robots in care settings, on the effects reported by professional caregivers as well as on the role of psychosocial needs in the acceptance and use of companion-type robots by the elderly...
December 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215127/midwives-in-england-and-in-italy-two-realities-compared
#6
C Dell'Omodarme, G Bocci, G Troiano, S Rossi, L Kundisova, N Nante, L Alaimo
BACKGROUND: Midwives have the responsibility to provide assistance to pregnant women for non-complicated deliveries. The aim of this study was to identify the distinctive features of midwives in Italy and in England in order to provide interesting comparisons. METHODS: From September to October 2015 we administered an online questionnaire to groups of Italian and English midwives. The questionnaire was composed by a part trying to collect the sociodemographic information and a second part to define the attitudes of care and the type of approach to birth and degree of attained professional autonomy...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212477/nurse-health-and-lifestyle-modification-versus-standard-care-in-40-to-70-year-old-regional-adults-study-protocol-of-the-management-to-optimise-diabetes-and-metabolic-syndrome-risk-reduction-via-nurse-led-intervention-modern-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Melinda J Carrington, Paul Zimmet
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), the clustering of multiple leading risk factors, predisposes individuals to increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes and/or cardiovascular disease (CVD). Cardio-metabolic disease risk increases with greater remoteness where specialist services are scarce. Nurse-led interventions are effective for the management of chronic disease. The aim of this clinical trial is to determine whether a nurse-implemented health and lifestyle modification program is more beneficial than standard care to reduce cardio-metabolic abnormalities and future risk of CVD and diabetes in individuals with MetS...
December 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211193/work-process-of-nursing-professors
#8
Denisse Parra Giordano, Vanda Elisa Andres Felli
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the work process of nursing professors. METHOD: descriptive, exploratory and qualitative study, developed with a focus on critical epidemiology, carried out at a School of Nursing in Chile. The research subjects consist of 17 nursing professors, with whom individual semi-structured interviews were carried out and nine participated in a focus group. The Ethics Committee approved this study. RESULTS: 88.2% were female, mean age of 42 years, 47% were married, 94% were Chilean, average length of service in the institution of 2...
December 4, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205442/palliative-care-for-end-of-life-patients-in-a-basic-emergency-service
#9
REVIEW
Maria Eduarda Diniz Pereira, António Barbosa, Maria Dos Anjos Dixe
This research sought to describe the care provided by the nursing staff of the Western Department of the Basic Emergency Service for end-of-life patients. This was a retrospective, quantitative, exploratory and descriptive (level I) study, which sought to research the nursing records of 83 patients from admission to death. Patients who met the following inclusion criteria were considered eligible: adults; had an oncological or nononcological, advanced and irreversible chronic disease; and died in the Basic Emergency Service in the period from January 2011 to December 2012...
December 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200050/a-call-for-compassionate-care
#10
Karen Alexander
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2014) reported that 1.1% of pregnant women used nonprescription opiates (either heroin or prescription pills) in the last 30 days. Methadone and buprenorphine are the most common treatments for opiate addiction in pregnant women. Reasons for seeking opiate maintenance treatment (OMT) include keeping custody of one's children and the hope of developing a healthy parenting relationship. Yet, healthcare organizations and professionals have mixed opinions regarding health promotion within the maternal OMT population...
October 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200033/clinical-nurse-specialist-certification-examinations-legal-and-ethical-considerations
#11
Laura J McNamara, JoAnne Konick-McMahan, Kristen Thomas, Elizabeth Ann Scruth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194313/a-crisis-in-competency-the-strategic-and-ethical-imperative-to-assessing-new-graduate-nurses-clinical-reasoning
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194297/a-crisis-in-competency-the-strategic-and-ethical-imperative-to-assessing-new-graduate-nurses-clinical-reasoning
#13
Joan M Kavanagh, Christine Szweda
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess entry-level competency and practice readiness of newly graduated nurses. BACKGROUND: Literature on success of new graduates focuses primarily on National Council of State Boards of Nursing Licensure Examination (NCLEX-RN) pass rates, creating a false and incomplete picture of practice readiness. METHOD: Posthire and prestart Performance-Based Development System assessments were administered to more than 5,000 newly graduated nurses at a large midwestern academic medical center between July 2010 and July 2015...
March 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193265/substance-use-disorder-and-compulsory-commitment-to-care-a-care-ethical-decision-making-framework
#14
Marie Nicolini, Joris Vandenberghe, Chris Gastmans
In the era of deinstitutionalisation of psychiatric patients, steady or even increasing rates of compulsory commitment to care (CCC) are an intriguing phenomenon to analyse. From a clinical, legal and ethical perspective, CCC continues to be a controversial practice in psychiatry, and perhaps even more so when applied to patients with severe substance use disorder (SUD). Several reasons make it controversial. The lack of consensus about the benefits of CCC and professional disagreement about what mental illness and autonomy mean in the case of SUD make it difficult to apply ethically sound clinical decision-making in CCC...
November 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193116/nursing-ethics-disasters-and-public-emergencies
#15
Sue Turale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190535/experiences-of-nursing-undergraduates-on-a-redesigned-blended-communication-module-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#16
Shefaly Shorey, An Ling Siew, Emily Ang
BACKGROUND: Education is going through accelerated changes to accommodate the needs of contemporary students. However, there are ongoing concerns regarding the quality of education in communication skills for nurses and other healthcare professionals. Many studies have been conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a blended learning pedagogical tool in enhancing the learning of nursing undergraduates. However, little is known about students' experiences of a blended learning model for teaching communication skills...
November 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187412/protocol-for-the-melatools-skin-self-monitoring-trial-a-phase-ii-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-for-primary-care-patients-at-higher-risk-of-melanoma
#17
Katie Mills, Jon Emery, Rebecca Lantaff, Michael Radford, Merel Pannebakker, Per Hall, Nigel Burrows, Kate Williams, Catherine L Saunders, Peter Murchie, Fiona M Walter
INTRODUCTION: Melanoma is the fifth most common cancer in the UK. Incidence rates have quadrupled over the last 30 years and continue to rise, especially among younger people. As routine screening of the general population is not currently recommended in the UK, a focus on secondary prevention through early detection and prompt treatment in individuals at increased risk of melanoma could make an important contribution to improve melanoma outcomes. This paper describes the protocol for a phase II, multisite, randomised controlled trial, in the primary care setting, for patients at increased risk of melanoma...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187107/the-burdens-of-offering-ethical-and-practical-considerations
#18
Roxanne E Kirsch, Jillian Coronado, Peter P Roeleveld, James Tweddell, Antonio M Mott, Stephen J Roth
We reflect upon highlights of a facilitated panel discussion from the 2016 Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society Meeting. The session was designed to explore challenges, share practical clinical experiences, and review ethical underpinnings surrounding decisions to offer intensive, invasive therapies to patients who have a poor prognosis for survival or are likely to be burdened with multiple residual comorbidities if survival is achieved. The discussion panel was representative of a variety of disciplines including pediatric cardiology, cardiac intensive care, nursing, and cardiovascular surgery as well as different health-care delivery systems...
November 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184591/iranian-pediatric-nurse-s-experience-the-facilitators-of-the-learning-of-ethical-practices
#19
Kobra Karami, Sadat SeyedBagher Maddah, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi, Mohammadali Hosseini, Nazila MousaviArfa, Mohammad Almasian
Background: Ethical care is a core value in nursing. Pediatric nurses are in direct and continuous contact with children and their parents. They manage their lives and health. As part of the pediatric nurses' daily work, ethical issues play an important role in making decisions, are important to make decisions, and this capability is only achieved by ethical practice. This study aimed to explore the factors facilitating the learning of ethical practice among Iranian pediatric nurses. Materials and Methods: This study is a conventional qualitative content analysis based on the Graneheim and Lundman method...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183249/truth-telling-decision-making-and-ethics-among-cancer-patients-in-nursing-practice-in-china
#20
Dong-Lan Ling, Hong-Jing Yu, Hui-Ling Guo
BACKGROUND: Truth-telling toward terminally ill patients is a challenging ethical issue in healthcare practice. However, there are no existing ethical guidelines or frameworks provided for Chinese nurses in relation to decision-making on truth-telling of terminal illness and the role of nurses thus is not explicit when encountering this issue. OBJECTIVES: The intention of this paper is to provide ethical guidelines or strategies with regards to decision-making on truth-telling of terminal illness for Chinese nurses...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
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