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Nursing ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231356/using-ethical-frameworks-in-times-of-transition-and-uncertainty
#1
Eileen M Sullivan-Marx
Health care policy is never easy and always fraught with concerns about quality, access, and cost. Currently, uncertainty abounds regarding new federal and state policies on the horizon for older adult care and quality. Empirics undergird most policy-making decisions regarding risk/benefit, cost, and knowing the best action to put in place for the best results. However, in times of great change in policy direction and political viewpoints, empirical knowledge must be combined with ethical knowledge for planning and implementation...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226052/factors-associated-with-occupational-exposure-to-biological-material-among-nursing-professionals
#2
Nádia Bruna da Silva Negrinho, Silmara Elaine Malaguti-Toffano, Renata Karina Reis, Fernanda Maria Vieira Pereira, Elucir Gir
Objective: to identify factors associated with occupational exposure to biological material among nursing professionals. Method: a cross-sectional study was conducted in a high complexity hospital of a city in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Nursing professionals were interviewed from March to November 2015. All ethical aspects were observed. Result: among the 226 professionals interviewed, 17.3% suffered occupational exposure to potentially contaminated biological material, with 61...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225664/historic-leadership
#3
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 2 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219363/to-change-or-not-to-change-translating-and-culturally-adapting-the-paediatric-version-of-the-moral-distress-scale-revised-mds-r
#4
Margareta Af Sandeberg, Marika Wenemark, Cecilia Bartholdson, Kim Lützén, Pernilla Pergert
BACKGROUND: Paediatric cancer care poses ethically difficult situations that can lead to value conflicts about what is best for the child, possibly resulting in moral distress. Research on moral distress is lacking in paediatric cancer care in Sweden and most questionnaires are developed in English. The Moral Distress Scale-Revised (MDS-R) is a questionnaire that measures moral distress in specific situations; respondents are asked to indicate both the frequency and the level of disturbance when the situation arises...
February 20, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217728/association-between-socioeconomic-and-psychological-experiences-of-parents-with-children-on-leukemia-treatment-in-kenyatta-national-hospital-kenya
#5
Roselyne Anyango Okumu, Margret Muiva, Miriam Wagoro, Fatmah Abdallah, Erick Oweya
OBJECTIVE: The survival rate for children with leukemia has increased dramatically since the late 1990s; treatment effects of the disease can be extremely stressful for families. Research on psychological and socioeconomic effects of leukemia treatment had been conducted in Western countries, but little is known within Africa including Kenya. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with a sample of 62 out of 72 parents of children undergoing leukemia treatment at Kenyatta National Hospital...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214045/factors-affecting-the-willingness-of-nursing-students-to-receive-annual-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-a-large-scale-cross-sectional-study
#6
Kin Cheung, Sin Man Simone Ho, Winsome Lam
Nursing students are at high risk of exposure to vaccine-preventable diseases such as seasonal influenza. However, due to the limited number of studies conducted in this area, the prevalence and factors affecting annual seasonal influenza vaccination (ASIV) uptake remain unclear. This was a large-scale cross-sectional survey study conducted among 902 nursing students in different years of study. The questionnaire was developed based on the Health Belief Model (HBM), and logistic regression was used to determine the predictors of ASIV uptake...
February 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213599/health-information-needs-source-preferences-and-engagement-behaviours-of-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-across-the-care-continuum-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#7
Carol A Tucker, M Pilar Martin, Ray B Jones
INTRODUCTION: The health information needs, information source preferences and engagement behaviours of women with metastatic breast cancer (mBC) depend on personal characteristics such as education level, prior knowledge, clinical complications, comorbidities and where they are in the cancer journey. A thorough understanding of the information behaviours of women living with mBC is essential to the provision of optimal care. A preliminary literature review suggests that there is little research on this topic, but that there may be lessons from a slightly broader literature...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207958/shared-care-requires-a-shared-vision-communities-of-clinical-practice-in-a-primary-care-setting
#8
Jessica Young, Tony Egan, Chrystal Jaye, Martyn Williamson, Anna Askerud, Peter Raude, Maree Penese
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To understand how a vision of care is formed and shared by patients and the primary care professionals involved in their care. BACKGROUND: To achieve the best health outcomes, it is important for patients and those who care for them to have a mutual understanding about what is important to the patient in their everyday life and why, and what care is necessary to realise this vision. Shared or team care does not necessarily translate to a consistent and integrated approach to a patient's care...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196575/workplace-violence-against-nurses-vhembe-district-hospitals-south-africa
#9
Tshifularo Olga Mahani, Henry Abayomi Akinsola, Jabu Mabunda, Helen Tosin Oni
INTRODUCTION: Work-related violence is a common problem worldwide. In South Africa, the Medical Research Council conducted a study on workplace violence in the health care industry and reported that most respondents had experienced it in different forms. PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the types and causes of workplace violence toward nurses in Thulamela hospitals, Vhembe district. METHODS: The study employed a quantitative approach using a cross-sectional design...
February 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186931/balancing-nurses-workload-in-hospital-wards-study-protocol-of-developing-a-method-to-manage-workload
#10
W F J M van den Oetelaar, H F van Stel, W van Rhenen, R K Stellato, W Grolman
INTRODUCTION: Hospitals pursue different goals at the same time: excellent service to their patients, good quality care, operational excellence, retaining employees. This requires a good balance between patient needs and nursing staff. One way to ensure a proper fit between patient needs and nursing staff is to work with a workload management method. In our view, a nursing workload management method needs to have the following characteristics: easy to interpret; limited additional registration; applicable to different types of hospital wards; supported by nurses; covers all activities of nurses and suitable for prospective planning of nursing staff...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180119/nonemergent-patients-in-the-emergency-department-an-ethnographic-study
#11
Amir Mirhaghi, Abbas Heydari, Mohsen Ebrahimi, Mohsen Noghani Dokht Bahmani
BACKGROUND: Triage in the interactive atmosphere of the emergency department (ED) has been described as complex and challenging. Nonemergent ED visits have been accompanied by ethical and legal conflicts. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to gain an understanding of ED nurses' practice regarding triage of nonemergent patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Focused micro-ethnography based on Spradley's developmental research sequence (DRS) was used...
September 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176588/can-my-boss-force-me-to-have-the-flu-jab
#12
Marc Cornock
Two legal and ethical issues arise from a campaign that uses pressure to 'persuade' nurses to receive a vaccination they may not want. The first relates to the individual nurse's consent to the procedure, and the second to the legal and ethical position of the person providing the vaccination.
February 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176568/becoming-a-nurse-fundamentals-of-professional-practice-for-nursing-second-edition-sellman-derek-and-snelling-paul-becoming-a-nurse-fundamentals-of-professional-practice-for-nursing-second-edition-558pp-%C3%A2-31-99-routledge-9780273786214-0273786210-formula-see
#13
(no author information available yet)
This book outlines essential topics for nursing students. It is not about clinical skills but other vital aspects of nursing such as ethics, spiritual care, communication and leadership.
February 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169896/activities-of-intellectual-disability-clinical-nurse-specialists-in-ireland
#14
Owen Doody, Eamonn Slevin, Laurence Taggart
PURPOSE/AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the contribution of Irish intellectual disability clinical nurse specialists (ID CNSs) to service delivery. DESIGN: A nonexperimental descriptive design was selected to survey ID CNSs presently working in Ireland. The questionnaire was developed based on focus group interviews, available literature, and expert panel views. METHODS: Ethical approval and access were granted to all ID CNSs in Ireland...
March 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164420/an-exploration-of-caregiver-choice-through-the-lens-of-sartrean-existentialism
#15
Kristin L Corey, Mary K McCurry
There are innumerable social and ethical factors which affect one's decision to become an informal caregiver for someone with chronic illness. The existential philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre provides unique insight into human motivation and choice. The purpose of this paper was to examine the social and ethical influences on the individual's decision to become a caregiver through the lens of Sartrean existentialism and discuss how this unique philosophy can advance nursing knowledge. The factors affecting one's choice to become a caregiver were considered using the Sartrean existential concepts of The Other, human freedom, choice, bad faith, shame and authenticity...
February 6, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161302/-professionalism-values-and-competences-in-specialized-medical-training
#16
N Giménez, J Alcaraz, M Gavagnach, R Kazan, A Arévalo, M Rodríguez-Carballeira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception of healthcare professionals (tutors, residents and teaching collaborators) involved in specialist medical training on the core values and skills to develop their tasks. METHODS: A tailor-made questionnaire aimed at healthcare professionals in 9health care centres and a referral hospital. Questionnaire: 4 sections and 51 variables (scale 1-10). RESULTS: A total of 287 professionals participated, which included 97% tutors (n=59), 38% residents (n=61), and 56% others (97 teaching collaborators and 70 not associated with teaching)...
February 1, 2017: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160838/patients-rights
#17
Isabelle Clavagnier
Maeva, a student nurse on placement, and Sophie, her mentor, discuss various topics related to the nursing code of ethics and patients' rights.
February 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159074/ethical-considerations-for-care%C3%A2-of-the-child-undergoing-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#18
Martha A Carter
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a complex, highly technical surgical procedure that can offer hope for children born with congenital heart defects. The procedure may only briefly prolong a life, has limited potential for decreasing mortality, and may lead to serious complications, however. Perioperative nurses play an important role in caring for the child who requires ECMO. They are involved in assessing the child, implementing the plan of care, and facilitating communication between the child's family members and the health care team...
February 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156018/factors-facilitating-nurses-to-deliver-compassionate-care-a-qualitative-study
#19
Vahid Zamanzadeh, Leila Valizadeh, Azad Rahmani, Margreet van der Cingel, Mansour Ghafourifard
BACKGROUND: Compassion is an important ethical foundation of all healthcare professionals especially for nursing. However, there is little understanding of factors which could help and motivate nurses to deliver compassionate care in modern healthcare practices today. Moreover, a cultural context may affect the way compassionate care is delivered by healthcare professionals. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore what facilitates compassionate care in daily practice from the unique perspective of Iranian nurses...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155775/-oral-health-and-the-nurse-8217-s-role-in-qu-233-bec
#20
Hermina Harnagea
<ce:para>Various international health care organizations strongly recommend the implication of non-dental health care professionals in oral health. Consequently, nurses are currently often required to question their ability to manage patients’ oral health-related problems, as well as the very meaning of their management of patients in such situations. The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to the role of the nurse in the management of oral health. Professional associations and academic institutions involved in the development of nursing professional skills, and health policymakers involved in decisions concerning the geographical distribution of nursing personnel and adoption of laws in Quebec, act in a disconnected manner, independently from dental professionals and without taking into account the actual oral health care needs of the various categories of beneficiaries...
December 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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