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Laura Pirkola, Reijo Laatikainen, Jussi Loponen, Sanna-Maria Hongisto, Markku Hillilä, Anu Nuora, Baoru Yang, Kaisa M Linderborg, Riitta Freese
AIM: To compare the effects of regular vs low-FODMAP rye bread on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and to study gastrointestinal conditions with SmartPill® . METHODS: Our aim was to evaluate if rye bread low in FODMAPs would cause reduced hydrogen excretion, lower intraluminal pressure, higher colonic pH, different transit times, and fewer IBS symptoms than regular rye bread. The study was a randomized, double-blind, controlled cross-over meal study. Female IBS patients ( n = 7) ate study breads at three consecutive meals during one day...
March 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Paul Blatchford, Halina Stoklosinski, Sarah Eady, Alison Wallace, Christine Butts, Richard Gearry, Glenn Gibson, Juliet Ansell
This study investigated the impact of ACTAZIN™ green (2400 and 600 mg) and Livaux™ (2400 mg) gold kiwifruit supplements on faecal microbial composition and metabolites in healthy and functionally constipated (FC) participants. The participants were recruited into the healthy group ( n 20; one of whom did not complete the study) and the FC group ( n 9), each of whom consumed all the treatments and a placebo (isomalt) for 4 weeks in a randomised cross-over design interspersed with 2-week washout periods. Modification of faecal microbiota composition and metabolism was determined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and GC, and colonic pH was calculated using SmartPill® wireless motility capsules...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
Oliver C Steinbach
The present industry update covers the period 1-30 June 2017, with information sourced from company press releases, regulatory and patent agencies as well as scientific literature. The combination of drug and devices such as improved, safer injectables (see various market reports, companies Adamis and Baxter), patches (Microdermis) and (nano)carriers are moving increasingly from the R&D stage into clinical trials and toward the market. This addresses increased safety and effectiveness requirements, limiting physico-chemical properties of active ingredients, cost-effectiveness and patient comfort through ease of use...
October 2017: Therapeutic Delivery
Jonathan Gotfried, Stephen Priest, Ron Schey
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and its associated complications are becoming increasingly prevalent. Gastrointestinal symptoms associated with diabetes is known as diabetic enteropathy (DE) and may manifest as either diarrhea, fecal incontinence, constipation, dyspepsia, nausea, and vomiting or a combination of symptoms. The long-held belief that vagal autonomic neuropathy is the primary cause of DE has recently been challenged by newer theories of disease development. Specifically, hyperglycemia and the resulting oxidative stress on neural networks, including the nitrergic neurons and interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), are now believed to play a central role in the development of DE...
December 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
Felix Schneider, Regine Beeck, Melanie Hoppe, Mirko Koziolek, Werner Weitschies
Novel in vitro dissolution tools can aid the development of orally administered drugs by explaining dosage form related in vivo phenomena that are not explainable with standard test apparatuses. Such novel tools are able to mimic various parameters in accordance with gastrointestinal conditions. Hereby, in vivo occurring pressure events were shown to be of major importance since they largely affect dosage form disintegration, drug dissolution and subsequently resulting drug plasma concentration profiles. The aim of the present study was to investigate the feasibility of producing biorelevant pressure events with standard test apparatuses and with the dynamic open flow through test apparatus...
June 30, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Alison Wallace, Sarah Eady, Lynley Drummond, Duncan Hedderley, Juliet Ansell, Richard Gearry
'Hayward' kiwifruit anecdotally are associated with improved gastrointestinal comfort following the consumption of high protein meals, possibly because of the presence of a protease enzyme, actinidin. The study aimed to use SmartPill™ technology to investigate the acute effect of kiwifruit with actinidin (Actinidia chinensis var. deliciosa 'Hayward') and kiwifruit without actinidin (A. chinensis var. chinensis 'Hort16A') on digestion of a large protein meal. Ten healthy male subjects were recruited. The participants attended the clinic three times, having fasted overnight...
June 22, 2017: Nutrients
H O Diaz Tartera, D-L Webb, A Kh Al-Saffar, M A Halim, G Lindberg, P Sangfelt, P M Hellström
BACKGROUND: There is interest in ultimately combining endoscopy and motility assessments. Gastric emptying (GET), small bowel (SBTT), colon (CTT) and whole gut transit (WGTT) times are conveniently obtained by SmartPill® wireless motility capsule (WMC) that records luminal pH, temperature and pressure. Reproducibility within same subjects and accuracy of software derived times (MotiliGI® ) were investigated for diagnostic application. GET and SBTT were separately measured using video capsule endoscopy (VCE)...
October 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Felix Schneider, Michael Grimm, Mirko Koziolek, Christiane Modeß, Anne Dokter, Tarek Roustom, Werner Siegmund, Werner Weitschies
In the present study temperature, pH and pressure profiles of nine healthy human volunteers were investigated after ingestion of the SmartPill® under conditions simulating the fasted state treatment in bioavailability and bioequivalence studies. In a previously published study the same subjects received the SmartPill® under fed conditions as recommended by the FDA. Since large non-digestible objects are mainly emptied during phase III of the interdigestive migrating motor complex, the gastric residence time of the SmartPill® was found to be clearly shorter under fasting conditions...
November 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Tim O Vilz, Dimitrios Pantelis, Philipp Lingohr, Rolf Fimmers, Anke Esmann, Thomas Randau, Jörg C Kalff, Martin Coenen, Sven Wehner
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative ileus (POI) is a frequent complication after abdominal surgery (AS). Until today, neither a prophylaxis nor an evidence-based therapy exists. This originates from the absence of objective parameters evaluating the severity and duration of POI resulting in clinical trials of modest quality. The SmartPill(®), a capsule which frequently measures pH value, temperature and intraluminal pressure after swallowing, offers an elegant option for analysing gastrointestinal (GI) transit times and smooth muscle activity in vivo...
July 8, 2016: BMJ Open
Diana Yung, Sarah Douglas, Anthony R Hobson, Andry Giannakou, John N Plevris, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: SmartPill(®) (Given Imaging Corp.,Yoqneam,Israel) is an ingestible, non-imaging capsule that records physiological data including contractions and pH throughout the gastrointestinal tract. There are scarce data looking at SmartPill(®) assessment of patients with known/suspected small-bowel Crohn's Disease (CD). This pilot study aims to investigate feasibility and safety of SmartPill(®) to assess gut motility in this group.  PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over 1 year, patients with known/suspected CD, referred for small-bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE), were invited to participate and 12 were recruited (7 female, 5 male, mean age 44...
April 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Hetzel Diaz, Ulrika Sjöström, Greger Lindberg, Per M Hellström
The wireless motility-recording capsule, "SmartPill", is an ingested one-time use electronic capsule that measures gastrointestinal luminal pressure, pH and temperature along the whole gastrointestinal tract. The pH profile and the pressure patterns define the time at which the capsule moves from the stomach to the duodenum and from the ileum to the caecum, whereas changes in temperature define the times of ingestion and expulsion. The recordings from the wireless motility capsule are sent from a radio transmitter in the capsule to a receiver carried around the waist...
April 11, 2016: Läkartidningen
Ivana R Sequeira, Roger G Lentle, Marlena C Kruger, Roger D Hurst
BACKGROUND: Whilst the use of the mannitol/lactulose test for intestinal permeability has been long established it is not known whether the doses of these sugars modify transit time Similarly it is not known whether substances such as aspirin that are known to increase intestinal permeability to lactulose and mannitol and those such as ascorbic acid which are stated to be beneficial to gastrointestinal health also influence intestinal transit time. METHODS: Gastric and intestinal transit times were determined with a SmartPill following consumption of either a lactulose mannitol solution, a solution containing 600 mg aspirin, a solution containing 500 mg of ascorbic acid or an extract of blackcurrant, and compared by doubly repeated measures ANOVA with those following consumption of the same volume of a control in a cross-over study in six healthy female volunteers...
2015: PloS One
M Koziolek, F Schneider, M Grimm, Chr Modeβ, A Seekamp, T Roustom, W Siegmund, W Weitschies
The intraluminal conditions of the fed stomach are critical for drug release from solid oral dosage forms and thus, often associated with the occurrence of food effects on oral bioavailability. In this study, intragastric pH and pressure profiles present after the ingestion of the high-caloric, high-fat (964 kcal) FDA standard breakfast were investigated in 19 healthy human subjects by using the telemetric SmartPill® capsule system (26 × 13 mm). Since the gastric emptying of such large non-digestible objects is typically accomplished by the migrating motor complex phase III activity, the time required for recurrence of fasted state motility determined the gastric emptying time (GET)...
December 28, 2015: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Tamar Ringel-Kulka, Chang Hwan Choi, Daniel Temas, Ari Kim, Daniele M Maier, Karen Scott, Joseph A Galanko, Yehuda Ringel
OBJECTIVES: Dysbiosis leading to abnormal intestinal fermentation has been suggested as a possible etiological mechanism in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We aimed to investigate the location and magnitude of altered intestinal bacterial fermentation in IBS and its clinical subtypes. METHODS: IBS patients who satisfied the Rome III criteria (114) and 33 healthy controls (HC) were investigated. Intestinal fermentation was assessed using two surrogate measures: intestinal intraluminal pH and fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs)...
September 2015: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Adam E Mikolajczyk, Sydeaka Watson, Bonnie L Surma, David T Rubin
OBJECTIVES: The variation of luminal pH and transit time in an individual is unknown, yet is necessary to interpret single measurements. This study aimed to assess the intrasubject variability of gut pH and transit time in healthy volunteers using SmartPill devices (Covidien, Minneapolis, MN). METHODS: Each subject (n=10) ingested two SmartPill devices separated by 24 h. Mean pH values were calculated for 30 min after gastric emptying (AGE), before the ileocecal (BIC) valve, after the ileocecal (AIC) valve, and before body exit (BBE)...
2015: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Bani Chander Roland, Maria M Ciarleglio, John O Clarke, John R Semler, Eric Tomakin, Gerard E Mullin, Pankaj J Pasricha
BACKGROUND: Altered small intestinal motility is thought to contribute to the development of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). The clinical manifestations of SIBO and consequent malabsorption are wide ranging and include abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, weight loss, and nutritional deficiencies. However, due to the nonspecific nature of symptoms, the diagnosis may often be overlooked. To date, few studies have illustrated a direct relationship between impaired small intestinal motility and SIBO...
August 2015: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Ivana R Sequeira, Roger G Lentle, Marlena C Kruger, Roger D Hurst
BACKGROUND: Lactulose mannitol ratio tests are clinically useful for assessing disorders characterised by changes in gut permeability and for assessing mixing in the intestinal lumen. Variations between currently used test protocols preclude meaningful comparisons between studies. We determined the optimal sampling period and related this to intestinal residence. METHODS: Half-hourly lactulose and mannitol urinary excretions were determined over 6 hours in 40 healthy female volunteers after administration of either 600 mg aspirin or placebo, in randomised order at weekly intervals...
2014: PloS One
William L Hasler
Testing to define delayed gastric emptying is required to diagnose gastroparesis; rapid emptying is found in other patients. Commonly performed methods of gastric emptying testing include scintigraphy and breath testing. The SmartPill wireless motility capsule (WMC) system is US FDA-approved for evaluating suspected delayed emptying in gastroparesis and functional dyspepsia. The device measures transit in the stomach, small intestine, and colon by detecting characteristic pH transitions; and quantifies pressure waves in each gut region...
August 2014: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Andrew W DuPont, Zhi-Dong Jiang, Stephen A Harold, Ned Snyder, Greg W Galler, Francisco Garcia-Torres, Herbert L DuPont
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The intestinal pathophysiology in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is largely unknown. The lactulose breath test has been used to identify small bowel bacterial overgrowth in these patients. METHODS: We studied intestinal transit in patients with IBS using of the SmartPill® (SP) wireless pH/pressure recording capsule and performed lactulose breath tests to look for physiologic abnormalities. RESULTS: A total of 35/46 (76%) of the IBS patients had prolonged gastric emptying times...
2014: Digestion
D H Weinstein, S deRijke, C C Chow, L Foruraghi, X Zhao, E C Wright, M Whatley, R Maass-Moreno, C C Chen, S A Wank
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and gastric acid hypersecretion respond well to suppression of gastric acid secretion. However, clinical management and research in diseases of acid secretion have been hindered by the lack of a non-invasive, accurate and reproducible tool to measure gastric acid output (GAO). Thus, symptoms or, in refractory cases, invasive testing may guide acid suppression therapy. AIM: To present and validate a novel, non-invasive method of GAO analysis in healthy subjects using a wireless pH sensor, SmartPill (SP) (SmartPill Corporation, Buffalo, NY, USA)...
June 2013: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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