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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048766/the-utilisation-of-emotional-intelligence-capabilities-in-clinical-reasoning-and-decision-making-a-qualitative-exploratory-study
#1
Marie Hutchinson, John Hurley, Desirée Kozlowski, Leeann Whitehair
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore clinical nurses' experiences of utilising emotional intelligence capabilities during clinical reasoning and decision making. BACKGROUND: There has been little research exploring whether, or how, nurses employ emotional intelligence (EI) in clinical reasoning and decision making. DESIGN: Qualitative phase of a larger mixed-method study. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of Registered Nurses (n=12) following EI training and coaching...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043903/feminism-biomedicine-and-the-reproductive-destiny-of-women-in-clinical-texts-on-the-birth-control-pill
#2
Andrea Carson
The birth control pill is one of the most popular forms of contraception in North America and has been a key player in women's rights activism for over 50 years. In this paper, I conduct a feminist deconstructive analysis of 12 biomedical texts on the birth control pill, published between 1965 and 2016. This study is situated amongst the feminist scholarship that challenges the representation of women's bodies in biomedicine. Findings suggest that clinical texts on the birth control pill continue to universalise women's lives and experiences, and essentialise them based on their reproductive capacities...
October 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041799/the-value-of-the-wirhe-scholarship-programme-in-training-health-professionals-for-rural-areas-views-of-participants
#3
Nontsikelelo O Mapukata, Ian Couper, Jocelyn Smith
INTRODUCTION: Rural hospitals in South Africa, as elsewhere, face enduring shortages of, and challenges in attracting and retaining, suitably qualified staff. The Wits Initiative for Rural Health Education (WIRHE), based at the University of the Witwatersrand but covering three universities, is a rural scholarship programme established to find local solutions to these challenges in the North West and Mpumalanga provinces. The purpose of this evaluation was to ascertain whether the WIRHE project was achieving its objectives...
October 13, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041782/a-model-of-collaboration-between-nursing-education-institutions-in-the-north-west-province-of-south-africa
#4
Kathleen K Direko, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele
BACKGROUND: Professional nursing in South Africa is obtained through a 4-year diploma offered at nursing colleges, or a 4-year degree in universities, and the South African Nursing Council (SANC) registered both for professional nursing. New SANC legislation now requires a bachelor's degree for registration as professional nurse. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore and describe perceptions of nurse educators and stakeholders to develop a model of collaboration for joint education and training of nursing professionals by colleges and universities through a bachelor's degree...
September 22, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040570/cumulative-live-birth-rates-following-miscarriage-in-an-initial-complete-cycle-of-ivf-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-112-549-women
#5
Natalie J Cameron, Siladitya Bhattacharya, Sohinee Bhattacharya, David J McLernon
STUDY QUESTION: In women undergoing IVF/ICSI who miscarry in their first complete cycle, what is the chance of a live birth in subsequent complete cycles, and how does this compare with those whose first complete cycle ends with live birth or without a pregnancy? SUMMARY ANSWER: After two further complete cycles of IVF/ICSI, women who had miscarried or had a live birth in their first complete cycle had a higher chance of live birth (40.9 and 49.0%, respectively) than those who had no pregnancies (30...
September 20, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034700/trust-clinical-negligence-claims-the-problem-of-escalating-costs
#6
John Tingle
John Tingle, Associate Professor (Teaching and Scholarship), Nottingham Trent University, discusses a recent report by the National Audit Office on managing the costs of clinical negligence in trusts.
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018043/educational-added-value-unit-development-and-testing-of-a-measure-for-educational-activities
#7
Amy B Guiot, Eric S Kirkendall, Craig H Gosdin, Samir S Shah, Dominick J DeBlasio, Katie A Meier, Jennifer K O'Toole
OBJECTIVES: University-based hospitalists educate health care professionals as an expectation, often lacking time and support for these activities. The purpose of this study was to (1) develop a tracking tool to record educational activities, (2) demonstrate its applicability and ease of completion for faculty members in different divisions, and (3) compare educational efforts of individuals from different professional pathways and divisions by using the educational added value unit (EAVU)...
October 10, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984170/perceived-sources-and-levels-of-stress-general-self-efficacy-and-coping-strategies-in-preclinical-dental-students
#8
Nilüfer Ersan, Semanur Dölekoğlu, Erdoğan Fişekçioğlu, Mehmet İlgüy, İnci Oktay
Dental education programs are known to be highly stressful and stress can affect general health. The aims were to identify sources of stress among preclinical students and to evaluate their perceived levels of stress, self-efficacy and effective coping strategies in a private dental school. One hundred preclinical students in a Turkish private dental school were surveyed using dental environment stress (DES), perceived stress (PSS), general self-efficacy (G-SES) and brief coping scales (Brief-COPE). Age, gender, history of psychiatric treatment, factors that affected the choice of dentistry, choice rank of dental school, scholarship and income was recorded...
October 6, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976917/ten-years-of-simulation-in-healthcare-a-thematic-analysis-of-editorials
#9
Debra Nestel
In this commentary, I review 38 articles published as editorials in Simulation in Healthcare from inception to April 2016. Of the 27 authors, there was a predominance of medical doctors (63%), male authors (67%), and work originating in the United States (86%). The founding Editor-in-Chief Dr David Gaba contributed to half of the editorials. Using inductive thematic analysis, the following five themes were identified: "embedding" simulation, simulation responding to clinical practice, educational considerations for simulation, research practices, and communicating leadership and scholarship about the community...
October 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970771/attitudes-of-medical-students-towards-taking-part-time-jobs-a-study-amongst-first-year-clinical-students-of-the-college-of-medicine-university-of-ibadan
#10
K K Kanmodi, A G Akinloye, T O Aladelusi
BACKGROUND: Student part-time jobs are employments taken up by students while in school. Students in tertiary institutions do engage in part-time jobs because of the associated benefits. Some of these benefits include work experience, independence, financial support, and job satisfaction. Different studies have reported different attitudes towards taking part-time jobs among university students. OBJECTIVE: To determine the attitudes of medical students in their first clinical year of study at the University of Ibadan medical school towards taking up parttime medical jobs within the university hospital...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938747/prevalence-of-endocrine-and-genetic-abnormalities-in-boys-evaluated-systematically-for-a-disorder-of-sex-development
#11
R Nixon, V Cerqueira, A Kyriakou, A Lucas-Herald, J McNeilly, M McMillan, A I Purvis, E S Tobias, R McGowan, S F Ahmed
STUDY QUESTION: What is the likelihood of identifying genetic or endocrine abnormalities in a group of boys with 46, XY who present to a specialist clinic with a suspected disorder of sex development (DSD)? SUMMARY ANSWER: An endocrine abnormality of the gonadal axis may be present in a quarter of cases and copy number variants (CNVs) or single gene variants may be present in about half of the cases. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Evaluation of 46, XY DSD requires a combination of endocrine and genetic tests but the prevalence of these abnormalities in a sufficiently large group of boys presenting to one specialist multidisciplinary service is unclear...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938738/resolution-of-infertility-and-number-of-children-1386-couples-followed-for-a-median-of-13-years
#12
A A Righarts, A Gray, N P Dickson, L Parkin, W R Gillett
STUDY QUESTION: How common were children among infertile couples? SUMMARY ANSWER: A total of 61.7% of infertile couples presenting for care subsequently had live born children 13.1 years after first being clinically assessed, with a mean of 1.7 children among those who had at least one. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: While the prognoses for infertile couples undertaking specific treatments have been well described, less is known about those not undergoing these treatments or the total number of children...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913416/using-focused-laboratory-management-and-quality-improvement-projects-to-enhance-resident-training-and-foster-scholarship
#13
Matthew D Krasowski, Bradley A Ford, J Stacey Klutts, Chris S Jensen, Angela S Briggs, Robert A Robinson, Leslie A Bruch, Nitin J Karandikar
Training in patient safety, quality, and management is widely recognized as an important element of graduate medical education. These concepts have been intertwined in pathology graduate medical education for many years, although training programs face challenges in creating explicit learning opportunities in these fields. Tangibly involving pathology residents in management and quality improvement projects has the potential to teach and reinforce key concepts and further fulfill Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education goals for pursuing projects related to patient safety and quality improvement...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890446/my-time-in-medicine
#14
Joseph J Fins
Through this autobiographical reflection on a life in medicine and bioethics, the author discovers that time is a unifying theme in his work. From his early writing on the regulation of house staff work hours and his abandonment of essentialism and the development of clinical pragmatism as a method of moral problem-solving to his scholarship on end-of-life care and disorders of consciousness, time has been a central heuristic in an effort to bridge ethical theory and clinical practice.
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874176/evaluative-reports-on-medical-malpractice-policies-in-obstetrics-a-rapid-scoping-review
#15
Roberta Cardoso, Wasifa Zarin, Vera Nincic, Sarah Louise Barber, Ahmet Metin Gulmezoglu, Charlotte Wilson, Katherine Wilson, Heather McDonald, Meghan Kenny, Rachel Warren, Sharon E Straus, Andrea C Tricco
BACKGROUND: The clinical specialty of obstetrics is under particular scrutiny with increasing litigation costs and unnecessary tests and procedures done in attempts to prevent litigation. We aimed to identify reports evaluating or comparing the effectiveness of medical liability reforms and quality improvement strategies in improving litigation-related outcomes in obstetrics. METHODS: We conducted a rapid scoping review with a 6-week timeline. MEDLINE, EMBASE, LexisNexis Academic, the Legal Scholarship Network, Justis, LegalTrac, QuickLaw, and HeinOnline were searched for publications in English from 2004 until June 2015...
September 6, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870187/participation-in-a-scientific-pre-university-program-and-medical-students-interest-in-an-academic-career
#16
Wendy E de Leng, Karen M Stegers-Jager, Marise Ph Born, Maarten A Frens, Axel P N Themmen
BACKGROUND: The proportion of medical doctors involved in research activities is declining. Undergraduate medical research programs are positively associated with medical students' research interest. Scientific pre-university programs (SPUPs) outside the medical domain are also positively associated with research interest, but have not been related to the shortage of clinician-scientists. This study examined the effect of an SPUP on medical students' research interest. METHODS: This study was conducted at a Dutch medical school...
September 5, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864807/how-research-training-will-shape-the-future-of-dental-oral-and-craniofacial-research
#17
Rena N D'Souza, John S Colombo
This is a critical time in the history of the dental profession for it to fully embrace the responsibility to safeguard its reputation as a learned profession. In this golden era of scientific and technological advances, opportunities abound to create new diagnostics, preventions, treatments, and cures to improve oral health. Dental schools are the largest national resource entrusted with the responsibility to educate, train, and retain oral health researchers who can leverage such technologies and research opportunities that will benefit the profession at large as well as patients...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864797/oral-health-research-and-scholarship-in-2040-executive-summary
#18
Peter J Polverini
This executive summary for Section 6 of the "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century" project provides an overview of five background articles that address the role of research and scholarship in dental education in the year 2040. Beginning with a historical account of research and discovery science in dentistry's evolution as a profession, the article then reviews the role of early thought leaders and organized dentistry in establishing research as a cornerstone of dental education and dental practice...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836884/identifying-barriers-and-pathways-to-success-for-new-occupational-therapy-faculty-members-a-pilot-survey
#19
Caitlyn Foy
Research suggests new health care professional faculty members benefit from assistance and support in the transition from the clinic to academia; however, few recent studies have been conducted to determine if this is true for occupational therapy. This descriptive pilot study explores the barriers that may face new occupational therapy faculty members and suggests strategies to assist new faculty members in their transition to academia. Through an electronic survey, identified barriers, challenges, and potential resolutions for the transitioning of new faculty members are highlighted...
August 24, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830663/the-clinician-educator-pathway-in-radiology-an-analysis-of-institutional-promotion-criteria
#20
Khushboo Jhala, Jisoo Kim, Alison Chetlen, Joshua P Nickerson, Petra J Lewis
PURPOSE: To provide radiology departmental promotional committees and vice chairs of education with a more global perspective on the types of academic activity valued by institutions to aid in their faculty mentoring and standardizing of the Clinician-Educator (ClinEd) pathway. METHODS: Ninety-two research schools were ranked into three tiers. Ranking was correlated with the presence of a ClinEd track. Thirty promotion documents (ten from each tier) were analyzed to identify common criteria...
August 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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