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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206944/the-direct-and-indirect-effects-of-kisspeptin-54-on-granulosa-lutein-cell-function
#1
L A Owens, A Abbara, A Lerner, S O'floinn, G Christopoulos, S Khanjani, R Islam, K Hardy, A C Hanyaloglu, S A Lavery, W S Dhillo, S Franks
STUDY QUESTION: What are the in vivo and in vitro actions of kisspeptin-54 on the expression of genes involved in ovarian reproductive function, steroidogenesis and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in granulosa lutein (GL) cells when compared with traditional triggers of oocyte maturation? SUMMARY ANSWER: The use of kisspeptin-54 as an oocyte maturation trigger augmented expression of genes involved in ovarian steroidogenesis in human GL cells including, FSH receptor (FSHR), LH/hCG receptor (LHCGR), steroid acute regulatory protein (STAR), aromatase, estrogen receptors alpha and beta (ESR1, ESR2), 3-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (3BHSD2) and inhibin A (INHBA), when compared to traditional maturation triggers, but did not alter markers of OHSS...
December 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182962/the-possible-worlds-of-global-health-research-an-ethics-focused-discourse-analysis
#2
Ben Brisbois, Katrina Plamondon
Representations of the world enable global health research (GHR), discursively constructing sites in which studies can legitimately take place. Depoliticized portrayals of the global South frequently obscure messy legacies of colonialism and motivate technical responses to health problems with political and economic root causes. Such problematic representations of the world have not yet been rigorously examined in relation to global health ethics, a major site of scholarly effort towards GHR that promotes justice and fairness...
November 23, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177528/professor-in-residence-an-innovative-academic-practice-partnership
#3
Katherine Hinic, Mildred Ortu Kowalski, Wendy Silverstein
This article describes an academic-practice partnership between an American Nurses Credentialing Center Magnet®-designated hospital and an academic nurse educator that has increased the hospital's capacity for research, evidence-based practice, and support for nurses continuing their education. Through close collaboration with the full-time nurse researcher and members of the nursing education department, the professor in residence consults with clinical staff to support completion of research and evidence-based practice projects...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135674/the-pursuit-of-scholarship-why-we-should-care-about-resident-research
#4
Joan E Bechtold, Benjamin R Williams, Stuart L Weinstein, David W Polly, Andrew J Pugely, Joseph A Buckwalter, Stephen A Albanese, Kevin J Bozic, Brian D Snyder
Research is a foundational component of an orthopaedic residency. It fosters intellectual curiosity and pursuit of excellence, while teaching discipline and the scientific method. These are the key principles for careers in both community-based practice and academia. Currently, no consensus exists on how to best engage residents and support their research endeavors. In 2014, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Specialty Societies Research and Quality Committee convened a Clinician-Scientist Collaboration Workgroup...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125339/patient-safety-at-the-crossroads
#5
John Tingle
John Tingle, Associate Professor (Teaching and Scholarship), Nottingham Trent University, discusses some important clinical negligence and patient safety themes arising from a number of recent reports.
November 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122503/social-media-scholarship-and-alternative-metrics-for-academic-promotion-and%C3%A2-tenure
#6
Daniel Cabrera, Durga Roy, Margaret S Chisolm
Traditionally, scholars focused their efforts in the domains of clinical care, research, and education; however, the last decade has witnessed the rise of novel areas of development such as innovation, quality improvement, informatics, and recently, digital scholarship. Academic institutions adapted and began considering these fields for academic promotion and tenure. Social media has become a critical space for the dissemination of knowledge and outreach to community and policy makers and also for the creation of communities of practice...
November 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117573/from-design-to-dissemination-conducting-quantitative-medical-education-research
#7
REVIEW
Erika L Abramson, Caroline R Paul, Jean Petershack, Janet Serwint, Janet E Fischel, Mary Rocha, Meghan Treitz, Heather McPhillips, Tai Lockspeiser, Patricia Hicks, Linda Tewksbury, Margarita Vasquez, Daniel J Tancredi, Su-Ting T Li
Rigorous medical education research is critical to effectively develop and evaluate the training we provide our learners. Yet, many clinical medical educators lack the training and skills needed to conduct high quality medical education research. This paper offers guidance on conducting sound quantitative medical education research. Our aim is to equip readers with the key skills and strategies necessary to conduct successful research projects, highlighting new concepts and controversies in the field. We utilize Glassick's criteria for scholarship as a framework to discuss strategies to ensure that the research question of interest is worthy of further study and how to use existing literature and conceptual frameworks to strengthen a research study...
November 5, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065812/grant-writing-moving-from-generating-ideas-to-applying-to-grants-that-matter
#8
David Nelson, Leslie Ruffalo
There is an extraordinary burden placed upon the healthcare system and people as a result of health disparities that exist within the United States. If there is going to be a concerted effort to develop innovative strategies to reduce health disparities, input from the community and behavioral scientists can and should be included in this approach and narrative. Grant writing provides one vehicle to express the narrative and to provide a means to fund research and programs within clinic-based and community settings...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065021/quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis-of-the-impact-of-adoption-of-a-mobile-application-for-the-assessment-of-professionalism-in-medical-trainees
#9
Juan C Cendán, Analia Castiglioni, Teresa R Johnson, Mike Eakins, Marcia L Verduin, Abdo Asmar, David Metcalf, Caridad Hernandez
PURPOSE: Capturing either lapses or excellence in behaviors related to medical professionalism is difficult. The authors report a mixed-methods analysis of a novel mobile platform for assessing medical professionalism in a training environment. METHOD: A mobile Web-based platform to facilitate professionalism assessment in a situated clinical setting (Professional Mobile Monitoring of Behaviors [PROMOBES]) was developed. A professionalism framework consisting of six domains (reliability, adaptability, peer relationships, upholding principles, team relationships, and scholarship) encompassing 25 subelements underpins the reporting structure...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058532/-will-they-be-good-enough-parents-ethical-dilemmas-views-and-decisions-among-assisted-reproductive-technology-art-providers
#10
Robert Klitzman
BACKGROUND: Many adults may make less-than-ideal parents, but important ethical questions arise concerning whether assisted reproductive technology (ART) providers should thus ever refuse treatment to certain patients, and if so, when, and how to decide. METHODS: In-depth interviews of approximately 1 hour each were conducted with 27 ART providers (17 physicians, and 10 other health providers). RESULTS: Clinicians often struggle with whether to attempt to assess and predict patients' potential future parenting abilities, and if so, how; and how to proceed if doubts arise...
October 23, 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048766/the-utilisation-of-emotional-intelligence-capabilities-in-clinical-reasoning-and-decision-making-a-qualitative-exploratory-study
#11
Marie Hutchinson, John Hurley, Desirée Kozlowski, Leeann Whitehair
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore clinical nurses' experiences of utilising emotional intelligence capabilities during clinical reasoning and decision making. BACKGROUND: There has been little research exploring whether, or how, nurses employ emotional intelligence (EI) in clinical reasoning and decision making. DESIGN: Qualitative phase of a larger mixed-method study. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of Registered Nurses (n=12) following EI training and coaching...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043903/feminism-biomedicine-and-the-reproductive-destiny-of-women-in-clinical-texts-on-the-birth-control-pill
#12
Andrea Carson
The birth control pill is one of the most popular forms of contraception in North America and has been a key player in women's rights activism for over 50 years. In this paper, I conduct a feminist deconstructive analysis of 12 biomedical texts on the birth control pill, published between 1965 and 2016. This study is situated amongst the feminist scholarship that challenges the representation of women's bodies in biomedicine. Findings suggest that clinical texts on the birth control pill continue to universalise women's lives and experiences, and essentialise them based on their reproductive capacities...
October 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041799/the-value-of-the-wirhe-scholarship-programme-in-training-health-professionals-for-rural-areas-views-of-participants
#13
Nontsikelelo O Mapukata, Ian Couper, Jocelyn Smith
INTRODUCTION: Rural hospitals in South Africa, as elsewhere, face enduring shortages of, and challenges in attracting and retaining, suitably qualified staff. The Wits Initiative for Rural Health Education (WIRHE), based at the University of the Witwatersrand but covering three universities, is a rural scholarship programme established to find local solutions to these challenges in the North West and Mpumalanga provinces. The purpose of this evaluation was to ascertain whether the WIRHE project was achieving its objectives...
October 13, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041782/a-model-of-collaboration-between-nursing-education-institutions-in-the-north-west-province-of-south-africa
#14
Kathleen K Direko, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele
BACKGROUND: Professional nursing in South Africa is obtained through a 4-year diploma offered at nursing colleges, or a 4-year degree in universities, and the South African Nursing Council (SANC) registered both for professional nursing. New SANC legislation now requires a bachelor's degree for registration as professional nurse. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore and describe perceptions of nurse educators and stakeholders to develop a model of collaboration for joint education and training of nursing professionals by colleges and universities through a bachelor's degree...
September 22, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040570/cumulative-live-birth-rates-following-miscarriage-in-an-initial-complete-cycle-of-ivf-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-112-549-women
#15
Natalie J Cameron, Siladitya Bhattacharya, Sohinee Bhattacharya, David J McLernon
STUDY QUESTION: In women undergoing IVF/ICSI who miscarry in their first complete cycle, what is the chance of a live birth in subsequent complete cycles, and how does this compare with those whose first complete cycle ends with live birth or without a pregnancy? SUMMARY ANSWER: After two further complete cycles of IVF/ICSI, women who had miscarried or had a live birth in their first complete cycle had a higher chance of live birth (40.9 and 49.0%, respectively) than those who had no pregnancies (30...
November 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034700/trust-clinical-negligence-claims-the-problem-of-escalating-costs
#16
John Tingle
John Tingle, Associate Professor (Teaching and Scholarship), Nottingham Trent University, discusses a recent report by the National Audit Office on managing the costs of clinical negligence in trusts.
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018043/educational-added-value-unit-development-and-testing-of-a-measure-for-educational-activities
#17
Amy B Guiot, Eric S Kirkendall, Craig H Gosdin, Samir S Shah, Dominick J DeBlasio, Katie A Meier, Jennifer K O'Toole
OBJECTIVES: University-based hospitalists educate health care professionals as an expectation, often lacking time and support for these activities. The purpose of this study was to (1) develop a tracking tool to record educational activities, (2) demonstrate its applicability and ease of completion for faculty members in different divisions, and (3) compare educational efforts of individuals from different professional pathways and divisions by using the educational added value unit (EAVU)...
October 10, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984170/perceived-sources-and-levels-of-stress-general-self-efficacy-and-coping-strategies-in-preclinical-dental-students
#18
Nilüfer Ersan, Semanur Dölekoğlu, Erdoğan Fişekçioğlu, Mehmet İlgüy, İnci Oktay
Dental education programs are known to be highly stressful and stress can affect general health. The aims were to identify sources of stress among preclinical students and to evaluate their perceived levels of stress, self-efficacy and effective coping strategies in a private dental school. One hundred preclinical students in a Turkish private dental school were surveyed using dental environment stress (DES), perceived stress (PSS), general self-efficacy (G-SES) and brief coping scales (Brief-COPE). Age, gender, history of psychiatric treatment, factors that affected the choice of dentistry, choice rank of dental school, scholarship and income was recorded...
October 6, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976917/ten-years-of-simulation-in-healthcare-a-thematic-analysis-of-editorials
#19
Debra Nestel
In this commentary, I review 38 articles published as editorials in Simulation in Healthcare from inception to April 2016. Of the 27 authors, there was a predominance of medical doctors (63%), male authors (67%), and work originating in the United States (86%). The founding Editor-in-Chief Dr David Gaba contributed to half of the editorials. Using inductive thematic analysis, the following five themes were identified: "embedding" simulation, simulation responding to clinical practice, educational considerations for simulation, research practices, and communicating leadership and scholarship about the community...
October 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970771/attitudes-of-medical-students-towards-taking-part-time-jobs-a-study-amongst-first-year-clinical-students-of-the-college-of-medicine-university-of-ibadan
#20
K K Kanmodi, A G Akinloye, T O Aladelusi
BACKGROUND: Student part-time jobs are employments taken up by students while in school. Students in tertiary institutions do engage in part-time jobs because of the associated benefits. Some of these benefits include work experience, independence, financial support, and job satisfaction. Different studies have reported different attitudes towards taking part-time jobs among university students. OBJECTIVE: To determine the attitudes of medical students in their first clinical year of study at the University of Ibadan medical school towards taking up parttime medical jobs within the university hospital...
June 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
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