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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922460/optimizing-engagement-of-undergraduate-students-in-medical-education-research-the-emerg-training-network
#1
Michail Sideris, John Hanrahan, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Panteleimon Pantelidis, Connie Pidgeon, Nikolaos Psychalakis, Nikolai Andersen, Theodore Pittaras, Thanos Athanasiou, Georgios Tsoulfas, Apostolos Papalois
Background: The practice of evidence-based medicine and critical appraisal are essential for the modern doctor. Early engagement of medical students in research methodology is considered as a rising need for most medical school curricula; however, few peer-reviewed initiatives have been reported so far. We developed a Medical Education Research Group (eMERG) as part of a novel undergraduate surgical masterclass, which aimed to train undergraduate students on basic research methodology, as well as to motivate them to pursue a clinical and academic career in surgical specialties...
July 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886175/a-mind-full-of-self-self-referential-processing-as-a-mechanism-underlying-the-therapeutic-effects-of-mindfulness-training-on-internalizing-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Yanli Lin, Courtney P Callahan, Jason S Moser
The aim of the current review is to advance the hypothesis that change in self-referential processing is a key but under-examined mechanism through which mindfulness training confers its therapeutic benefits for individuals with internalizing disorders. Consequently, we integrated neuroscientific studies on aberrant self-referential processing in internalizing disorders with contemplative science scholarship examining the effects of mindfulness training on the self-referential system. Reviewing these literatures yielded four major conclusions: (1) internalizing disorders can be characterized by excessive self-referential processing and emotion dysregulation; (2) mindfulness training has moderate effects on reducing internalizing symptoms; (3) mindfulness training promotes the shifting from narrative self-focus to present-centered experiential awareness; (4) such mindfulness-induced changes in self-reference is accompanied by reduced activation in overactive self-referential brain regions that have been implicated in internalizing disorders...
June 7, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883912/the-relationship-between-critical-thinking-and-emotional-intelligence-in-nursing-students-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Hülya Kaya, Emine Şenyuva, Gönül Bodur
BACKGROUND: Emotional Intelligence and critical thinking are regarded as important traits that nurses have which may influence the quality of their work including clinical decision-making and reasoning ability and adoption of evidence-based practice and practice-based knowledge. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate nursing students' critical thinking dispositions and emotional intelligence as an essential skill, over the course of the undergraduate nursing program...
June 1, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872520/fulbright-project-focuses-on-rehabilitation-technician-education-and-physiotherapy-practice-at-the-kachere-rehabilitation-centre-in-malawi
#4
Leslie B Glickman
Background: The aim of this project was to strengthen rehabilitation technician education and physiotherapy practice at the Kachere Rehabilitation Centre in the less-resourced country of Malawi by enlarging and reinforcing the skills of faculty, administrators, and adjunct clinicians, and fostering their continuing professional development. Methods: The project was developed through a partnership with the Kachere Rehabilitation Centre (KRC), the Medical Rehabilitation College (MRC), and a US-trained physical therapist (a Fulbright Program Scholar - FPS)...
September 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845607/interventions-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#5
REVIEW
Angela T Morgan, Elizabeth Murray, Frederique J Liégeois
BACKGROUND: Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) affects a child's ability to produce sounds and syllables precisely and consistently, and to produce words and sentences with accuracy and correct speech rhythm. It is a rare condition, affecting only 0.1% of the general population. Consensus has been reached that three core features have diagnostic validity: (1) inconsistent error production on both consonants and vowels across repeated productions of syllables or words; (2) lengthened and impaired coarticulatory transitions between sounds and syllables; and (3) inappropriate prosody (ASHA 2007)...
May 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809204/bridging-the-gap-between-micro-and-macro-practice-to-address-homelessness-in-the-u-s-mexico-border-region-implications-for-practitioners-and-community-stakeholders
#6
Eva M Moya, Silvia Maria Chavez-Baray, Omar Martinez, Brian Mattera, Courtney Adcox
Research and scholarship efforts continue to promote the integration of micro and macro practice in social work practice and education. Despite this, scholarship has documented persistent challenges in the fluid integration between the domains of micro-level service provision and macro-level social change efforts in practice and academic programs. This paper outlines a successful bridge between the micro-macro divide in the form of community-engaged practice to address homelessness and social work education in the U...
2018: Reflections: narratives of professional helping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792543/restructuring-saudi-board-in-restorative-dentistry-sbrd-curriculum-using-canmeds-competency
#7
Bahiah Abdulaziz Al Askar, Fahad Saleh Al Sweleh, Ebtesam Ibrahim Al Wasill, Zubair Amin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the process of adopting the Canadian Medical Education Directions for Specialists (CanMEDS) 2015 competency framework in a dental specialty program to reconstruct the Saudi Board in Restorative Dentistry (SBRD) curriculum and disseminate the lessons learned. Method and development process: The process of curriculum development was started with the selection of SBRD curriculum committee and review of CanMEDS framework. The Committee conducted needs assessment among the stakeholders and adopted CanMEDS 2015 competencies through a careful process...
May 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771226/sanokondu
#8
Jamiu Busari, Ming-Ka Chan, Deepak Dath, Anne Matlow, Diane de Camps Meschino
Purpose This paper aims to describe the evolution of Sanokondu, highlighting the rationale, achievements and lessons learnt from this initiative. Sanokondu is a multinational community of practice dedicated to fostering health-care leadership education worldwide. This platform for health-care leadership education was conceived in 2014 at the first Toronto International Summit on Leadership Education for Physicians (TISLEP) and evolved into a formal network of collaborators in 2016. Design/methodology/approach This paper is a case study of a multinational collaboration of health-care leaders, educators, learners and other stakeholders...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758476/epistemic-tensions-between-people-living-with-asthma-and-healthcare-professionals-in-clinical-encounters
#9
Jennie Haw, Shannon Cunningham, Kieran C O'Doherty
RATIONALE: Asthma is a common respiratory condition with high prevalence rates globally. While there are effective treatments, asthma remains an important health concern as people continue to die from severe attacks. Improving the experiences of, and health outcomes for, people with asthma depends heavily on their interactions with healthcare professionals. Understanding negative clinical encounters will benefit people with asthma and healthcare providers. OBJECTIVE: To examine epistemic tensions in negative clinical encounters from a patient perspective, with an aim to better understand how patients respond to these tensions...
May 1, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710333/creating-entrustable-professional-activities-to-assess-internal-medicine-residents-in-training-a-mixed-methods-approach
#10
David R Taylor, Yoon Soo Park, Christopher A Smith, Jolanta Karpinski, William Coke, Ara Tekian
Background: Competency-based medical education has not advanced residency training as much as many observers expected. Some medical educators now advocate reorienting competency-based approaches to focus on a resident's ability to do authentic clinical work. Objective: To develop descriptions of clinical work for which internal medicine residents must gain proficiency to deliver meaningful patient care (for example, "Admit and manage a medical inpatient with a new acute problem")...
May 15, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707251/towards-a-practical-model-for-community-engagement-advancing-the-art-and-science-in-academic-health-centers
#11
Syed M Ahmed, Sharon Neu Young, Mia C DeFino, Zeno Franco, David A Nelson
Introduction: Community engagement (CE) has become more prevalent among academic health centers (AHCs), with significant diversity in practices and language. The array of approaches to CE contributes to confusion among practitioners. Methods: We have reviewed multiple models of CE utilized by AHCs, Clinical and Translational Science Awards, and higher education institutions overall. Taking these models into consideration, we propose a comprehensive model of CE that encompasses a broader spectrum of activities and programs...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703315/academic-nursing-leadership-in-a-rural-setting-different-game-same-standards
#12
Mary E Burman, Nancy L Fahrenwald
The call for transformation of nursing education and practice continues to be a national priority. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing recommends enhanced partnerships between academic nursing and academic health centers to advance nursing and healthcare. For academic leaders in rural settings, the context of health and healthcare means that these partnerships are vastly different from academic health centers. The purpose of this article is to describe the context of nursing education and practice in regions that are predominantly rural...
March 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657545/uninsured-migrants-health-insurance-coverage-and-access-to-care-among-mexican-return-migrants
#13
Joshua Wassink
Background: Despite an expansive body of research on health and access to medical care among Mexican immigrants in the United States, research on return migrants focuses primarily on their labor market mobility and contributions to local development. Objective: Motivated by recent scholarship that documents poor mental and physical health among Mexican return migrants, this study investigates return migrants' health insurance coverage and access to medical care...
2018: Demographic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652094/from-in-vivo-to-in-vitro-how-the-guatemala-std-experiments-transformed-bodies-into-biospecimens
#14
Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Paul A Lombardo
Policy Points: While most scholarship regarding the US Public Health Service's STD experiments in Guatemala during the 1940s has focused on the intentional exposure experiments, secondary research was also conducted on biospecimens collected from these subjects. These biospecimen experiments continued after the Guatemala grant ended, and the specimens were used in conjunction with those from the Tuskegee syphilis experiments for ongoing research. We argue there should be a public accounting of whether there are still biospecimens from the Guatemala and Tuskegee experiments held in US government biorepositories today...
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620953/the-impact-of-women-s-health-residency-tracks-on-career-outcomes
#15
Amy H Farkas, Rachel Vanderberg, Melissa McNeil, Scott Rothenberger, Erin Contratto, Brigid M Dolan, Sarah Tilstra
BACKGROUND: Women's health residency tracks within several internal medicine residencies provide gender-specific education to residents. The impact of these programs has not been evaluated. The objective of this study was to determine the impact that women's health residency tracks have on career outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants in the study were women's health track (WHT) graduates from three different programs. To account for the impact of gender, we also surveyed female graduates who did not participate in WHT from the same programs, paired by year of graduation (non-WHT)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619932/mortality-and-morbidity-in-patients-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-in-denmark
#16
Lars Folkestad
Ostegenesis imperfecta (OI) is a hereditary disease of the connective tissue caused by mutations to, mainly, the genes that are involved in the biosynthesis of collagen type 1. Patients are grouped according to clinical severity and mode of inheritance according to Sillence's classification (originally 1979, updated 2014). According to our data, the population prevalence of OI in Denmark was 10.3 per 100,000, with 575 patients registered with an OI diagnosis in the National Patient Register and alive at the end of 2012 out of a total population of 5,602,628 persons...
April 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619226/building-a-strong-european-alliance-for-personality-disorder-research-and-intervention
#17
EDITORIAL
Lars Mehlum, Anthony Bateman, Henk Jan Dalewijk, Stephan Doering, Andres Kaera, Paul Anthony Moran, Babette Renneberg, Joaquim Soler Ribaudi, Sebastian Simonsen, Theresa Wilberg, Martin Bohus
People with personality disorders frequently face stigma, ignorance and pessimism regarding the treatability of their disorders. This is despite substantial progress that has been made in developing a number of effective evidence based psychotherapeutic treatments. However, expertise in how to systematically deliver these treatments in a sustainable way throughout Europe is largely lacking. To bridge the gap between evidence based treatments and their implementation in health services, the European Society for the Study of Personality Disorders is currently building a new alliance of experts to promote personality disorder scholarship, and to support the development of clinical expertise and systematic treatment implementation throughout Europe...
2018: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578847/development-of-quality-indicators-to-assess-oral-anticoagulant-management-in-community-pharmacies-for-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Mylène Chartrand, Line Guénette, Denis Brouillette, Stéphane Côté, Roger Huot, Jérôme Landry, Josée Martineau, Sylvie Perreault, Brian White-Guay, David Williamson, Élisabeth Martin, Marie-Mireille Gagnon, Lyne Lalonde
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the quality of oral anticoagulant management by community pharmacists. There is no complete set of quality indicators available for this purpose. OBJECTIVE: To develop a set of specific quality indicators to assess oral anticoagulant management by community pharmacists for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Quality indicators were developed in 3 phases. In phase 1, potential quality indicators were generated based on clinical guidelines and a literature review...
April 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565616/introduction-to-special-issue-cultural-processes-in-psychotherapy
#19
Jesse Owen
This article introduces the special issue on cultural processes in psychotherapy. The special section was organized to highlight both the clinical and research aspects of the cultural processes in psychotherapy from a variety of different theoretical orientations, perspectives, and methodologies. Additionally, I discuss some ideas for a future culturally focused psychotherapy scholarship. (PsycINFO Database Record
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548855/smoking-and-smoking-cessation-in-relation-to-risk-of-diabetes-in-chinese-men-and-women-a-9-year-prospective-study-of-0%C3%A2-5-million-people
#20
Xin Liu, Fiona Bragg, Ling Yang, Christiana Kartsonaki, Yu Guo, Huaidong Du, Zheng Bian, Yiping Chen, Canqing Yu, Jun Lv, Kang Wang, Hua Zhang, Junshi Chen, Robert Clarke, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Liming Li, Zhengming Chen
BACKGROUND: In developed countries, smoking is associated with increased risk of diabetes. Little is known about the association in China, where cigarette consumption has increased (first in urban, then in rural areas) relatively recently. Moreover, uncertainty remains about the effect of smoking cessation on diabetes in China and elsewhere. We aimed to assess the associations of smoking and smoking cessation with risk of incident diabetes among Chinese adults. METHODS: The prospective China Kadoorie Biobank enrolled 512 891 adults (59% women) aged 30-79 years during 2004-08 from ten diverse areas (five urban and five rural) across China...
April 2018: Lancet. Public Health
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