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Clinical scholarship

K N Anderson, J J Connor, A F Koerner, M A Rueter
STUDY QUESTION: Compared to families with IVF singletons, what are parental depressive, parent-adolescent interaction and adolescent adjustment outcomes in families with 11-17-year-old IVF twins? SUMMARY ANSWER: No differences were detected for any measured outcome between families with 11-17-year-old IVF twins and those with IVF singletons, despite high statistical power. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: When IVF twins are younger than 5-years-old, parents tend to have more mental health difficulties and poorer parent-child interactions relative to IVF singletons...
October 15, 2016: Human Reproduction
Janet Landeen, Donna Carr, Kirsten Culver, Lynn Martin, Nancy Matthew-Maich, Charlotte Noesgaard, Larissa Beney-Gadsby
Ongoing curricular renewal is a necessary phenomenon in nursing education to align learning with ever-changing professional practice demands. The McMaster Mohawk Conestoga BScN Program in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada recently engaged in a comprehensive curriculum renewal. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of curricular changes on students' deep learning. Faculty perceptions about student learning outcomes during final year clinical placements were gathered through a combination of individual interviews and focus groups using Interpretive Descriptive qualitative research methodology...
October 4, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Gerald Kayingo, Owais Gilani, Vasco Deon Kidd, Mary L Warner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transformation of primary care (PC) training sites into patient-centered medical homes (PCMH) has implications for the education of health professionals. This study investigates the extent to which physician assistant (PA) students report learning about the PCMH model and how clinical exposure to PCMH might impact their interest in a primary care career. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to second-year PA students who had recently completed their PC rotation from 12 PA programs...
October 2016: Family Medicine
Tasha R Wyatt, Kelli Braun, Lance Evans, Alexis Rossi, Paul M Wallach, Lara M Stepleman
INTRODUCTION: In institutional assessments of faculty, scholarly activity is often cited as a deficiency. Faculty lack the training and resources needed to produce peer-reviewed, quality scholarship. Although a variety of formats have been suggested and used to fill this void, fellowships are a commonly used format to foster educational leaders within institutions. In 2010, the Educational Innovation Institute at the Medical College of Georgia created an educational research fellowship to address this need...
October 13, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
Annetta Smith, Michelle Beattie, Richard G Kyle
AIM: To develop a model of pre-nursing experience from evaluation of a pre-nursing scholarship for school pupils in Scotland. DESIGN: Action research study. METHODS: School pupils (n = 42) completed questionnaire surveys and participated in anecdote circles. Student nurses acting as pupil 'buddies' (n = 33) participated in focus groups. Descriptive quantitative data and thematic analyses of qualitative data were integrated across cohorts and campuses...
November 2015: Nurs Open
Kuan-Ling Chen, Yun-Fang Tsai, Jung-Hua Shao, Yea-Ing Shyu
BACKGROUND: The hospital-based scholarship is a relatively recent incentive used by hospitals to recruit new nursing graduates. Few studies have explored the impact of these scholarship programs on hospital recruitment. PURPOSE: To explore the perspectives and expectations of new nursing graduates on the application of a hospital-based scholarship for nursing students. METHODS: This study used a qualitative research approach. Purposive sampling was used to recruit 20 new nursing graduates from one university in northern Taiwan in 2013...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
C H Backes, E M Bonachea, B K Rivera, M M Reynolds, C E Kovalchin, K M Reber, M K Ball, R Sutsko, S R Guntupalli, C V Smith, J D Mahan, M M Carbajal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the preparedness of pediatric residents entering accredited neonatal-perinatal medicine (NPM) fellowships in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: A multi-domain, validated survey was distributed to Program Directors (PDs) of US NPM fellowship programs. The 47-item survey explored 5 domains: professionalism, independent practice, psychomotor ability, clinical evaluation, and academia. A systematic, qualitative analysis on free-text comments was also performed...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Amanda W Scarbrough, Marianne Moore, Steve R Shelton, Regina J Knox
To reduce health professional shortage areas, the National Health Service Corps has attempted to increase the number of primary care providers in underserved communities through scholarships and loan repayment. Program evaluations assessed Loan Repayment Program (LRP) propensity to work in underserved communities. The National Health Service Corps LRPs were asked about preferences for particular retention strategies and which strategies were utilized by their clinical sites. Loan Repayment Programs were asked to rank retention strategies...
September 26, 2016: Health Care Manager
Celia McIntosh
BACKGROUND: Depression after stroke is common and is associated with poor functional recovery, suicidal ideation, decreased quality of life, and increased mortality. Despite this knowledge, poststroke depression (PSD) is often underdetected and thus undertreated. PSD is clinically important for the caregiver, the family, and the stroke survivor. Inconsistencies in screening and treatment practices may further contribute to these negative outcomes. PURPOSE: The purposes of this evidence-based clinical scholarship project were to (1) determine the efficacy of an evidence-based depression screening protocol in improving early detection and treatment of PSD and (2) identify if there were any relationships between the protocol interventions, depression scores, and diagnosis...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Pamela Lusk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2014: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Mojdeh S Heavner, Eric M Tichy, Marina Yazdi
PURPOSE: The implementation and outcomes of a pharmacist career ladder program (PCLP) at a tertiary care, academic medical center are described. SUMMARY: A PCLP was developed at Yale-New Haven Hospital to guide career development, motivate staff to perform beyond their daily tasks and responsibilities, and recognize and retain high performers through professional advancement. The PCLP advancement criteria include specific requirements for excellence in five categories: level of training and experience, pharmacy practice, drug information, education and scholarship, and leadership...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Khalifa Abdel Rahim Adam
The practice of medicine since Hippocrates, the father of medicine (460-377 BC) had the care of the patient in the core of its ideals which included scholarship; confidentiality, altruism and no harm doing. These ideals evolved from individual physician adoption to professional organization adoption. The medical profession used to have autonomy, prestige, and values centered on patient care. With societal changing values and the appearance of managed care and bioethics the medical profession lost its autonomy, prestige and self regulation...
2014: Sudan J Paediatr
Angela M Jukkala, Rebecca S Miltner, Shannon L Morrison, Sylvia Gisiger-Camata, Allison Todd, Linda D Moneyham, Karen M Meneses
Honors programs within schools of nursing have the potential to enhance young nurses' interest in developing programs of research early in their careers and can thus contribute to the successful development of nursing knowledge. Such programs also provide opportunities to enhance knowledge and skill in leadership and teamwork at a critical time during the development of their professional nurse identity. This article presents the successful approach one organization took when revising its honors program to meet the current needs of students, society, and the profession...
May 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Eric Racine, Ralf J Jox, James L Bernat, Peter Dabrock, Dale Gardiner, Georg Marckmann, Annette Rid, David Rodriguez-Arias, Rgen In Schmitten, Bettina Schöne-Seifert
The concept and determination of death by neurological or cardio-circulatory criteria play a crucial role for medical practice, society, and the law. Academic debates on death determination have regained momentum, and recent cases involving the neurological determination of death ("brain death") in the United States have sparked sustained public debate. The determination of death by neurological criterion (irreversible cessation of the whole brain or of the brain stem) is medically practiced in at least 80 countries...
2015: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
Mark D Adler, Frank L Overly, Vinay M Nadkarni, Jennifer Davidson, Ronald Gottesman, Ilana Bank, Kimberly Marohn, Stephanie Sudikoff, Vincent J Grant, Adam Cheng
Simulation-based education often relies on confederates, who provide information or perform clinical tasks during simulation scenarios, to play roles. Although there is experience with confederates in their more routine performance within educational programs, there is little literature on the training of confederates in the context of simulation-based research. The CPR CARES multicenter research study design included 2 confederate roles, in which confederates' behavior was tightly scripted to avoid confounding primary outcome measures...
October 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Edgar Linden-Castro, Marcela Pelayo-Nieto, Iván Ramírez-Galindo, Felipe Guzmán-Hernández, Gabriel Catalán-Quinto, Francisco Rodríguez-Covarrubias, Jesús Morales-Covarrubias, Roberto Cortez-Betancourt
OBJECTIVE: To assess and identify from the resident's perspective the current state of the urology residency training in the surgical, research, affective domain and its working future. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed an anonymous survey of 98 urology residents during 2014. The survey included 62 questions and assesses the surgical, the clinical research, and the affective domain, and also its working future. RESULTS: We reviewed a total of 98 surveys, average age 29 years, 92% men and 8% women...
May 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Zoe M Adams, Joseph J Fins
The persistent vegetative state (PVS) is one of the most iconic and misunderstood phrases in clinical neuroscience. Coined as a diagnostic category by Scottish neurosurgeon Bryan Jennett and American neurologist Fred Plum in 1972, the phrase "vegetative" first appeared in Aristotle's treatise On the Soul (circa mid-fourth century BCE). Aristotle influenced neuroscientists of the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, Xavier Bichat and Walter Timme, and informed their conceptions of the vegetative nervous system...
June 13, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Shuang Chen, Kai-Yi Sun, Xiao-Wei Feng, Xin Ran, Jebina Lama, Yu-Ping Ran
BACKGROUND: Itraconazole has been used to treat fungal infections, in particular invasive fungal infections in infants or neonates in many countries. DATA SOURCES: Literature search was conducted through Ovid EMBASE, PubMed, ISI Web of Science, CNKI and Google scholarship using the following key words: "pediatric" or "infant" or "neonate" and "fungal infection" in combination with "itraconazole". Based on the literature and our clinical experience, we outline the administration of itraconazole in infants in order to develop evidence-based pharmacotherapy...
June 10, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Lisiane Pruinelli, Connie W Delaney, Amy Garciannie, Barbara Caspers, Bonnie L Westra
There is a growing body of evidence of the relationship of nurse staffing to patient, nurse, and financial outcomes. With the advent of big data science and developing big data analytics in nursing, data science with the reuse of big data is emerging as a timely and cost-effective approach to demonstrate nursing value. The Nursing Management Minimum Date Set (NMMDS) provides standard administrative data elements, definitions, and codes to measure the context where care is delivered and, consequently, the value of nursing...
March 2016: Nursing Economic$
Dustin D French, Curtis E Margo, Robert R Campbell, Paul B Greenberg
Cataract is the most common surgically reversible cause of vision loss and the most common major surgical procedure performed in the United States. To understand how gender composition might affect differences in health services, we examined the surgeon gender-specific rates of routine cataract surgery performed in ambulatory surgical centers in Florida. Routine cataract surgeries were identified through the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration (AHCA) ambulatory surgery center dataset. The background of individual surgeons was determined by linking license numbers in the dataset to physician profiles publicly available from AHCA...
March 2016: Journal of Medical Practice Management: MPM
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