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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657545/uninsured-migrants-health-insurance-coverage-and-access-to-care-among-mexican-return-migrants
#1
Joshua Wassink
Background: Despite an expansive body of research on health and access to medical care among Mexican immigrants in the United States, research on return migrants focuses primarily on their labor market mobility and contributions to local development. Objective: Motivated by recent scholarship that documents poor mental and physical health among Mexican return migrants, this study investigates return migrants' health insurance coverage and access to medical care...
2018: Demographic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652094/from-in-vivo-to-in-vitro-how-the-guatemala-std-experiments-transformed-bodies-into-biospecimens
#2
Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Paul A Lombardo
Policy Points: While most scholarship regarding the US Public Health Service's STD experiments in Guatemala during the 1940s has focused on the intentional exposure experiments, secondary research was also conducted on biospecimens collected from these subjects. These biospecimen experiments continued after the Guatemala grant ended, and the specimens were used in conjunction with those from the Tuskegee syphilis experiments for ongoing research. We argue there should be a public accounting of whether there are still biospecimens from the Guatemala and Tuskegee experiments held in US government biorepositories today...
April 13, 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620953/the-impact-of-women-s-health-residency-tracks-on-career-outcomes
#3
Amy H Farkas, Rachel Vanderberg, Melissa McNeil, Scott Rothenberger, Erin Contratto, Brigid M Dolan, Sarah Tilstra
BACKGROUND: Women's health residency tracks within several internal medicine residencies provide gender-specific education to residents. The impact of these programs has not been evaluated. The objective of this study was to determine the impact that women's health residency tracks have on career outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants in the study were women's health track (WHT) graduates from three different programs. To account for the impact of gender, we also surveyed female graduates who did not participate in WHT from the same programs, paired by year of graduation (non-WHT)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619932/mortality-and-morbidity-in-patients-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-in-denmark
#4
Lars Folkestad
Ostegenesis imperfecta (OI) is a hereditary disease of the connective tissue caused by mutations to, mainly, the genes that are involved in the biosynthesis of collagen type 1. Patients are grouped according to clinical severity and mode of inheritance according to Sillence's classification (originally 1979, updated 2014). According to our data, the population prevalence of OI in Denmark was 10.3 per 100,000, with 575 patients registered with an OI diagnosis in the National Patient Register and alive at the end of 2012 out of a total population of 5,602,628 persons...
April 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619226/building-a-strong-european-alliance-for-personality-disorder-research-and-intervention
#5
EDITORIAL
Lars Mehlum, Anthony Bateman, Henk Jan Dalewijk, Stephan Doering, Andres Kaera, Paul Anthony Moran, Babette Renneberg, Joaquim Soler Ribaudi, Sebastian Simonsen, Theresa Wilberg, Martin Bohus
People with personality disorders frequently face stigma, ignorance and pessimism regarding the treatability of their disorders. This is despite substantial progress that has been made in developing a number of effective evidence based psychotherapeutic treatments. However, expertise in how to systematically deliver these treatments in a sustainable way throughout Europe is largely lacking. To bridge the gap between evidence based treatments and their implementation in health services, the European Society for the Study of Personality Disorders is currently building a new alliance of experts to promote personality disorder scholarship, and to support the development of clinical expertise and systematic treatment implementation throughout Europe...
2018: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578847/development-of-quality-indicators-to-assess-oral-anticoagulant-management-in-community-pharmacies-for-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#6
Mylène Chartrand, Line Guénette, Denis Brouillette, Stéphane Côté, Roger Huot, Jérôme Landry, Josée Martineau, Sylvie Perreault, Brian White-Guay, David Williamson, Élisabeth Martin, Marie-Mireille Gagnon, Lyne Lalonde
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the quality of oral anticoagulant management by community pharmacists. There is no complete set of quality indicators available for this purpose. OBJECTIVE: To develop a set of specific quality indicators to assess oral anticoagulant management by community pharmacists for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Quality indicators were developed in 3 phases. In phase 1, potential quality indicators were generated based on clinical guidelines and a literature review...
April 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565616/introduction-to-special-issue-cultural-processes-in-psychotherapy
#7
Jesse Owen
This article introduces the special issue on cultural processes in psychotherapy. The special section was organized to highlight both the clinical and research aspects of the cultural processes in psychotherapy from a variety of different theoretical orientations, perspectives, and methodologies. Additionally, I discuss some ideas for a future culturally focused psychotherapy scholarship. (PsycINFO Database Record
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548855/smoking-and-smoking-cessation-in-relation-to-risk-of-diabetes-in-chinese-men-and-women-a-9-year-prospective-study-of-0%C3%A2-5-million-people
#8
Xin Liu, Fiona Bragg, Ling Yang, Christiana Kartsonaki, Yu Guo, Huaidong Du, Zheng Bian, Yiping Chen, Canqing Yu, Jun Lv, Kang Wang, Hua Zhang, Junshi Chen, Robert Clarke, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Liming Li, Zhengming Chen
BACKGROUND: In developed countries, smoking is associated with increased risk of diabetes. Little is known about the association in China, where cigarette consumption has increased (first in urban, then in rural areas) relatively recently. Moreover, uncertainty remains about the effect of smoking cessation on diabetes in China and elsewhere. We aimed to assess the associations of smoking and smoking cessation with risk of incident diabetes among Chinese adults. METHODS: The prospective China Kadoorie Biobank enrolled 512 891 adults (59% women) aged 30-79 years during 2004-08 from ten diverse areas (five urban and five rural) across China...
March 13, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531874/curated-collections-for-educators-five-key-papers-on-evaluating-digital-scholarship
#9
REVIEW
Antonia Quinn, Teresa M Chan, Christopher Sampson, Catherine Grossman, Christine Butts, John Casey, Holly Caretta-Weyer, Michael Gottlieb
Traditionally, scholarship that was recognized for promotion and tenure consisted of clinical research, bench research, and grant funding. Recent trends have allowed for differing approaches to scholarship, including digital publication. As increasing numbers of trainees and faculty turn to online educational resources, it is imperative to critically evaluate these resources. This article summarizes five key papers that address the appraisal of digital scholarship and describes their relevance to junior clinician educators and faculty developers...
January 3, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464773/thinking-with-care-infrastructures-people-devices-and-the-home-in-home-blood-pressure-monitoring
#10
Kate Weiner, Catherine Will
The growing consumer market in health monitoring devices means that technologies that were once the preserve of the clinic are moving into spaces such as homes and workplaces. We consider how one such device, blood pressure monitors, comes to be integrated into everyday life. We pursue the concept of 'care infrastructure', drawing on recent scholarship in STS and medical sociology, to illuminate the work and range of people, things and spaces involved in self-monitoring. Drawing on a UK study involving observations and interviews with 31 people who have used a consumer blood pressure monitor, we apply the concept beyond chronic illness, to practices involving consumer devices - and develop a critical account of its value...
February 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457949/nhs-compensations-payouts-balancing-the-issues
#11
John Tingle
John Tingle, Associate Professor (Teaching and Scholarship), Nottingham Trent University, calls for a more balanced view to be taken of issues in the context of the debate on the high costs of clinical negligence claims.
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442206/thrown-into-the-world-of-independent-practice-from-unexpected-uncertainty-to-new-identities
#12
Brett Schrewe
One of the most exciting yet stressful times in a physician's life is transitioning from supervised training into independent practice. The majority of literature devoted to this topic has focused upon a perceived gap between clinical and non-clinical skills and interventions taken to address it. Building upon recent streams of scholarship in identity formation and adaptation to new contexts, this work uses a Heideggerian perspective to frame an autoethnographical exploration of the author's transition into independent paediatric practice...
February 13, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431584/horizon-scanning-how-will-metabolomics-applications-transform-food-science-bioengineering-and-medical-innovation-in-the-current-era-of-foodomics
#13
Mustafa Bayram, Çağlar Gökırmaklı
Food and engineering sciences have tended to neglect the importance of human nutrition sciences and clinical study of new molecules discovered by food engineering community, and vice versa. Yet, the value of systems thinking and use of omics technologies in food engineering are rapidly emerging. Foodomics is a new concept and practice to bring about "precision nutrition" and integrative bioengineering studies of food composition, quality, and safety, and applications to improve health of humans, animals, and other living organisms on the planet...
February 12, 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431144/paradigm-shift-purity-progress-and-the-origins-of-first-episode-psychosis
#14
Suze G Berkhout
First-episode psychosis has garnered significant attention and resources within mental health services in North America, Europe and Australia/New Zealand since the 1990s. Despite this widespread embrace, little scholarship exists that examines underlying concepts, ideologies and imagery embedded within the early intervention paradigm. In this paper, I offer a sociohistorical analysis of the emergence of first-episode psychosis and early intervention as entities in psychiatry, drawing on contemporary philosophical thought to explore various concepts embedded in them...
February 3, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417600/a-critical-narrative-review-of-transfer-of-basic-science-knowledge-in-health-professions-education
#15
REVIEW
Jean-Marie Castillo, Yoon Soo Park, Ilene Harris, Jeffrey J H Cheung, Lonika Sood, Maureen D Clark, Kulamakan Kulasegaram, Ryan Brydges, Geoffrey Norman, Nicole Woods
CONTEXT: 'Transfer' is the application of a previously learned concept to solve a new problem in another context. Transfer is essential for basic science education because, to be valuable, basic science knowledge must be transferred to clinical problem solving. Therefore, better understanding of interventions that enhance the transfer of basic science knowledge to clinical reasoning is essential. This review systematically identifies interventions described in the health professions education (HPE) literature that document the transfer of basic science knowledge to clinical reasoning, and considers teaching and assessment strategies...
February 8, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415981/acute-exertional-compartment-syndrome-with-rhabdomyolysis-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Brandon McKinney, Christopher Gaunder, Ross Schumer
BACKGROUND Acute exertional compartment syndrome (AECS) is a rare cause of leg pain often associated with a delay in diagnosis and potentially leading to irreversible muscle and nerve damage. CASE REPORT We present the case of a previously healthy, high-level athlete who presented with the acute onset of unilateral anterior leg pain and foot drop the day after a strenuous workout. He was diagnosed with compartment syndrome and rhabdomyolysis. His management included emergent fluid resuscitation, fasciotomies, debridement of necrotic muscle from his anterior compartment, and delayed primary closure...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415634/too-long-to-wait-obstetric-fistula-and-the-sociopolitical-dynamics-of-the-fourth-delay-in-soroti-uganda
#17
Bonnie Ruder, Melissa Cheyney, Alice Aturo Emasu
Uganda has one of the highest obstetric fistula rates in the world with approximately 200,000 women currently suffering. Surgical closure successfully treats fistula in the majority of cases, yet there is a severe shortage of facilities and trained surgeons in low-resource countries. The purpose of this study was to examine Ugandan women's experiences of obstetric fistula with the aim of adding narrative depth to the clinical literature on this devastating birth injury. Data were collected through semistructured interviews, focus groups, and participant observation...
April 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401339/gender-disparities-within-us-army-orthopedic-surgery-a-preliminary-report
#18
Christopher M Daniels, Theodora C Dworak, Ashley B Anderson, Alaina M Brelin, Leon J Nesti, Patricia L McKay, David E Gwinn
INTRODUCTION: Women account for approximately 15% of the active duty US Army, and studies show that women may be at an increased risk of musculoskeletal injury during sport and military training. Nationally, the field of orthopedic surgery comprises 14% women, lagging behind other surgical fields. Demographics for US Military orthopedic surgeons are not readily available. Similarly, demographic data of graduating medical students entering Military Medicine are not reported. We hypothesize that a gender disparity within military orthopedics will be apparent...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398630/a-program-for-promoting-clinical-scholarship-in-general-surgery
#19
Madhukar S Patel, David Tomich, Tara S Kent, Elliot L Chaikof, James R Rodrigue
OBJECTIVE: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education mandates resident physician training in the principles and applications of research. To provide a robust early foundation for effective engagement in scholarship, we designed a novel clinical scholarship program (CSP) for PGY1 general surgery residents. SETTING, DESIGN AND OUTCOMES: In a general surgery residency training program, we assessed resident academic productivity (i.e., presentations, publications, and sustained engagement in clinical research) and self-efficacy to conduct clinical research, as well as the overall satisfaction of both residents and faculty mentors...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384575/promoting-faculty-scholarship-a-clinical-faculty-scholars-program
#20
Ann Minnick, Ruth Kleinpell, Linda D Norman
BACKGROUND: The importance of supporting and promoting faculty scholarship in nursing is acknowledged, but the reality of scholarship for faculty engaged in clinical teaching can be challenging. METHOD: The article describes the development and initial results of the scholarly practice program. Mentorship, time, and limited funding are essentials for the program. RESULTS: After submitting detailed proposals, 15 faculty were chosen to be project leaders in the first 2 years of the program, resulting in 15 presentations, three posters, 19 publications, and a webinar, to date...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
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