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Antibiotic Efflux

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816060/the-broad-spectrum-antimicrobial-potential-of-mn-co-4-s2cnme-ch2co2h-a-water-soluble-co-releasing-molecule-corm-401-intracellular-accumulation-transcriptomic-and-statistical-analyses-and-membrane-polarization
#1
Lauren Katie Wareham, Samantha McLean, Ronald Begg, Namrata Rana, Salar Ali, John J Kendall, Guido Sanguinetti, Brian E Mann, Robert K Poole
AIMS: Carbon monoxide (CO)-releasing molecules (CORMs) are candidates for animal and antimicrobial therapeutics. We aimed to probe the antimicrobial potential of a novel manganese CORM. RESULTS: [Mn(CO)4S2CNMe(CH2CO2H)], CORM-401, inhibits growth of Escherichia coli and several antibiotic-resistant clinical pathogens. CORM-401 releases CO that binds oxidases in vivo but is an ineffective respiratory inhibitor. Extensive CORM accumulation (assayed as intracellular manganese) accompanies antimicrobial activity...
August 17, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814344/microbial-phylogeny-determines-transcriptional-response-of-resistome-to-dynamic-composting-processes
#2
Cheng Wang, Da Dong, P J Strong, Weijing Zhu, Zhuang Ma, Yong Qin, Weixiang Wu
BACKGROUND: Animal manure is a reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) that pose a potential health risk globally, especially for resistance to the antibiotics commonly used in livestock production (such as tetracycline, sulfonamide, and fluoroquinolone). Currently, the effects of biological treatment (composting) on the transcriptional response of manure ARGs and their microbial hosts are not well characterized. Composting is a dynamic process that consists of four distinct phases that are distinguished by the temperature resulting from microbial activity, namely the mesophilic, thermophilic, cooling, and maturing phases...
August 16, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812723/the-unconstrained-evolution-of-fast-and-efficient-antibiotic-resistant-bacterial-genomes
#3
Carlos Reding-Roman, Mark Hewlett, Sarah Duxbury, Fabio Gori, Ivana Gudelj, Robert Beardmore
Evolutionary trajectories are constrained by trade-offs when mutations that benefit one life history trait incur fitness costs in other traits. As resistance to tetracycline antibiotics by increased efflux can be associated with an increase in length of the Escherichia coli chromosome of 10% or more, we sought costs of resistance associated with doxycycline. However, it was difficult to identify any because the growth rate (r), carrying capacity (K) and drug efflux rate of E. coli increased during evolutionary experiments where the species was exposed to doxycycline...
January 30, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808398/mechanism-of-action-of-isolated-caffeic-acid-and-epicatechin-3-gallate-from-euphorbia-hirta-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#4
Shanmugapriya Perumal, Roziahanim Mahmud, Sabariah Ismail
BACKGROUND: The escalating dominance of resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains as infectious pathogen had urged the researchers to look for alternative and complementary drugs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to address the biological targets and probable mechanisms of action underlying the potent antibacterial effect of the isolated compounds from Euphorbia hirta (L.) against P. aeruginosa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The action mechanisms of caffeic acid (CA) and epicatechin 3-gallate (ECG) on P...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806947/conessine-as-a-novel-inhibitor-of-multidrug-efflux-pump-systems-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#5
Thanyaluck Siriyong, Potjanee Srimanote, Sasitorn Chusri, Boon-Ek Yingyongnarongkul, Channarong Suaisom, Varomyalin Tipmanee, Supayang Piyawan Voravuthikunchai
BACKGROUND: Holarrhena antidysenterica has been employed as an ethnobotanical plant for the treatment of dysentery, diarrhoea, fever, and bacterial infections. Biological activities of the principle compound, conessine including anti-diarrhoea and anti-plasmodial effects were documented. Our previous study reported potency of Holarrhena antidysenterica extract and conessine as resistance modifying agents against extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. This study aimed to investigate (i) whether conessine, a steroidal alkaloid compound, could act as a resistance modifying agent against multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and (ii) whether MexAB-OprM efflux pump involved in the mechanism...
August 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797043/next-generation-sequencing-reveals-the-antibiotic-resistant-variants-in-the-genome-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#6
Babu Ramanathan, Hassan Mahmood Jindal, Cheng Foh Le, Ranganath Gudimella, Arif Anwar, Rozaimi Razali, Johan Poole-Johnson, Rishya Manikam, Shamala Devi Sekaran
Rapid progress in next generation sequencing and allied computational tools have aided in identification of single nucleotide variants in genomes of several organisms. In the present study, we have investigated single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in ten multi-antibiotic resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates. All the draft genomes were submitted to Rapid Annotations using Subsystems Technology (RAST) web server and the predicted protein sequences were used for comparison. Non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (nsSNP) found in the clinical isolates compared to the reference genome (PAO1), and the comparison of nsSNPs between antibiotic resistant and susceptible clinical isolates revealed insights into the genome variation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790997/tetracycline-resistance-genes-identified-from-distinct-soil-environments-in-china-by-functional-metagenomics
#7
Shaochen Wang, Xia Gao, Yuejiao Gao, Yanqing Li, Mingming Cao, Zhenhua Xi, Lixing Zhao, Zhiyang Feng
Soil microbiota represents one of the ancient evolutionary origins of antibiotic resistance and has been increasingly recognized as a potentially vast unstudied reservoir of resistance genes with possibilities to exchange with pathogens. Tetracycline resistance is one of the most abundant antibiotic resistances that may transfer among clinical and commensal microorganisms. To investigate tetracycline resistance genes from soil bacteria in different habitats, we performed functional analysis of three metagenomic libraries derived from soil samples collected from Yunnan, Sichuan, and Tibet, respectively, in China...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782709/mic-distribution-among-wild-type-strains-of-legionella-pneumophila-identifies-a-subpopulation-with-reduced-susceptibility-to-macrolides-owing-to-efflux-pump-genes
#8
Marine Vandewalle-Capo, Clémence Massip, Ghislaine Descours, Joséphine Charavit, Joelle Chastang, Pierre Alain Billy, Sandrine Boisset, Gerard Lina, Christophe Gilbert, Max Maurin, Sophie Jarraud, Christophe Ginevra
Legionnaires' disease is a severe pneumonia mainly caused by Legionella pneumophila, and which is treated by antibiotics. The purpose of this study was to describe the susceptibility of clinical strains of Legionella pneumophila to seven antibiotics used for legionellosis treatment. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 109 well-characterized clinical strains of L. pneumophila serogroup-1 were determined using a broth microdilution method without charcoal and compared to antibiotic-resistant strains selected in vitro...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781959/structure-based-design-of-ferritin-nanoparticle-immunogens-displaying-antigenic-loops-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#9
Liqin Wang, Daniel Xing, Adriana Le Van, Ann E Jerse, Shuishu Wang
Effective vaccines are urgently needed to combat gonorrhea, a common sexually transmitted bacterial infection, for which treatment options are diminishing due to rapid emergence of antibiotic resistance. We have used a rational approach to the development of gonorrhea vaccines, and genetically engineered nanoparticles to present antigenic peptides of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the causative agent of gonorrhea. We hypothesized that the ferritin nanocage could be used as a platform to display an ordered array of N...
August 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781060/antibacterial-activity-of-exogenous-glutathione-and-its-synergism-on-antibiotics-sensitize-carbapenem-associated-multidrug-resistant-clinical-isolates-of-acinetobacter-baumannii
#10
Roaa Alharbe, Ayidh Almansour, Dong H Kwon
A major clinical impact of A. baumannii is hospital-acquired infections including ventilator-associated pneumonia. The treatment of this pathogen is often difficult due to its innate and acquired resistance to almost all commercially available antibiotics. Infections with carbapenem-associated multidrug resistant A. baumannii is the most problematic. Glutathione is a tripeptide thiol-antioxidant and antibacterial activity of exogenous glutathione was reported in some bacteria. However, clinical relevance and molecular details of the antibacterial activity of glutathione are currently unclear...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770910/coarse-grained-simulations-of-conformational-changes-in-the-multidrug-efflux-transporter-acrb
#11
Yead Jewel, Jin Liu, Prashanta Dutta
The multidrug resistance (MDR) system actively pumps antibiotics out of cells causing serious health problems. During the pumping, AcrB (one of the key components of MDR) undergoes a series of large-scale and proton-motive conformational changes. Capturing the conformational changes through all-atom simulations is challenging. Here, we implement a hybrid coarse-grained force field to investigate the conformational changes of AcrB in the porter domain under different protonation states of Asp407/Asp408 in the trans-membrane domain...
August 3, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770446/biofilm-formation-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-in-dispersed-cells-versus-planktonic-cells-from-clinical-industry-and-environmental-origins
#12
Mercedes Berlanga, Laura Gomez-Perez, Ricardo Guerrero
We examined the cell-surface physicochemical properties, the biofilm formation capability and the antibiotic susceptibility in dispersed cells (from an artificial biofilm of alginate beads) and compared with their planktonic (free-swimming) counterparts. The strains used were from different origins, such as clinical (Acinetobacter baumannii AB4), cosmetic industry (Klebsiella oxytoca EU213, Pseudomonas aeruginosa EU190), and environmental (Halomonas venusta MAT28). In general, dispersed cells adhered better to surfaces (measured as the "biofilm index") and had a greater hydrophobicity [measured as the microbial affinity to solvents (MATS)] than planktonic cells...
August 2, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761097/structures-and-transport-dynamics-of-a-campylobacter-jejuni-multidrug-efflux-pump
#13
Chih-Chia Su, Linxiang Yin, Nitin Kumar, Lei Dai, Abhijith Radhakrishnan, Jani Reddy Bolla, Hsiang-Ting Lei, Tsung-Han Chou, Jared A Delmar, Kanagalaghatta R Rajashankar, Qijing Zhang, Yeon-Kyun Shin, Edward W Yu
Resistance-nodulation-cell division efflux pumps are integral membrane proteins that catalyze the export of substrates across cell membranes. Within the hydrophobe-amphiphile efflux subfamily, these resistance-nodulation-cell division proteins largely form trimeric efflux pumps. The drug efflux process has been proposed to entail a synchronized motion between subunits of the trimer to advance the transport cycle, leading to the extrusion of drug molecules. Here we use X-ray crystallography and single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer imaging to elucidate the structures and functional dynamics of the Campylobacter jejuni CmeB multidrug efflux pump...
August 1, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758937/a-different-microbiome-gene-repertoire-in-the-airways-of-cystic-fibrosis-patients-with-severe-lung-disease
#14
Giovanni Bacci, Alessio Mengoni, Ersilia Fiscarelli, Nicola Segata, Giovanni Taccetti, Daniela Dolce, Patrizia Paganin, Patrizia Morelli, Vanessa Tuccio, Alessandra De Alessandri, Vincenzina Lucidi, Annamaria Bevivino
In recent years, next-generation sequencing (NGS) was employed to decipher the structure and composition of the microbiota of the airways in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. However, little is still known about the overall gene functions harbored by the resident microbial populations and which specific genes are associated with various stages of CF lung disease. In the present study, we aimed to identify the microbial gene repertoire of CF microbiota in twelve patients with severe and normal/mild lung disease by performing sputum shotgun metagenome sequencing...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757036/the-phenotypic-and-molecular-resistance-induced-by-a-single-exposure-to-sub-mutant-prevention-concentration-of-marbofloxacin-in-salmonella-typhimurium-isolates-from-swine
#15
Seung-Jin Lee, Na-Hye Park, Abraham Fikru Mechesso, Kwang-Jick Lee, Seung-Chun Park
In the present study, the molecular mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in Salmonella Typhimurium clinical isolates from pigs were investigated using a single-step mutation model of exposure to sub-mutant prevention concentrations (MPCs) of marbofloxacin. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of seven antibacterial drugs were evaluated against 30 S. Typhimurium clinical isolates from different pigs. MPCs of marbofloxacin were also determined. The mechanism of marbofloxacin-resistance was investigated by sequencing analysis of target gene mutations and quantifying the overexpression of efflux pumps and their regulators by quantitative RT-PCR...
August 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755374/reconstitution-of-membrane-proteins-in-liposomes
#16
Alice Verchère, Isabelle Broutin, Martin Picard
Membrane protein reconstitution in liposomes is an invaluable technique to study numerous properties of membrane proteins in vitro. Kinetics, substrate specificity, and protein-protein interaction of membrane proteins can be investigated once they are embedded in the liposome bilayer. Both protocols described here aim to investigate the efflux pump MexA-MexB-OprM from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a proteins complex embedded in both membranes of this Gram-negative bacteria. This tri-partite system, which by-passes the periplams, is involved in antibiotic resistance...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755296/improvement-of-oxytetracycline-production-mediated-via-cooperation-of-resistance-genes-in-streptomyces-rimosus
#17
Shouliang Yin, Xuefeng Wang, Mingxin Shi, Fang Yuan, Huizhuan Wang, Xiaole Jia, Fang Yuan, Jinliang Sun, Tiejun Liu, Keqian Yang, Yuxiu Zhang, Keqiang Fan, Zilong Li
Increasing the self-resistance levels of Streptomyces is an effective strategy to improve the production of antibiotics. To increase the oxytetracycline (OTC) production in Streptomyces rimosus, we investigated the cooperative effect of three co-overexpressing OTC resistance genes: one gene encodes a ribosomal protection protein (otrA) and the other two express efflux proteins (otrB and otrC). Results indicated that combinational overexpression of otrA, otrB, and otrC (MKABC) exerted a synergetic effect. OTC production increased by 179% in the recombinant strain compared with that of the wild-type strain M4018...
July 26, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746830/biophysical-characterization-of-e-coli-tolc-interaction-with-the-known-blocker-hexaamminecobalt
#18
A Gilardi, S P Bhamidimarri, M Brönstrup, U Bilitewski, R K R Marreddy, K M Pos, L Benier, P Gribbon, M Winterhalter, B Windshügel
BACKGROUND: The tripartite efflux pump AcrAB-TolC in E. coli is involved in drug resistance by transporting antibiotics out of the cell. The outer membrane protein TolC can be blocked by various cations, including hexaamminecobalt, thereby TolC represents a potential target for reducing antimicrobial resistance as its blockage may improve efficacy of antibiotics. METHODS: We utilized single channel electrophysiology measurements for studying TolC conductance in the absence and presence of the known TolC blocker hexaamminecobalt...
July 23, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743808/metabolic-compensation-of-fitness-costs-is-a-general-outcome-for-antibiotic-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-mutants-overexpressing-efflux-pumps
#19
Jorge Olivares Pacheco, Carolina Alvarez-Ortega, Manuel Alcalde Rico, José Luis Martínez
It is generally assumed that the acquisition of antibiotic resistance is associated with a fitness cost. We have shown that overexpression of the MexEF-OprN efflux pump does not decrease the fitness of a resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain compared to its wild-type counterpart. This lack of fitness cost was associated with a metabolic rewiring that includes increased expression of the anaerobic nitrate respiratory chain when cells are growing under fully aerobic conditions. It was not clear whether this metabolic compensation was exclusive to strains overexpressing MexEF-OprN or if it extended to other resistant strains that overexpress similar systems...
July 25, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741095/phenotype-microarray-analysis-of-the-aders-two-component-system-in-acinetobacter-baumannii
#20
J-R Sun, Y-S Chiang, H-S Shang, C-L Perng, Y-S Yang, T-S Chiueh
Acinetobacter baumannii is a nosocomial pathogen capable of resistance to multiple antimicrobials. The AdeRS two-component system (TCS) is associated with antimicrobial resistance by controlling the AdeABC efflux pump. To elucidate modulation by AdeRS, we made an A. baumannii mutant lacking the AdeRS TCS and characterized it using phenotype microarray (PM) analysis. After disrupting the adeRS operon, lower expression of AdeABC efflux pump was observed in the mutant strain. PM analysis showed that the AdeRS deletion strain and parental strain presented different tolerances to 91 compounds...
July 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
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