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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775233/dialysis-modality-and-mortality-in-polycystic-kidney-disease
#1
Chenchen Zhou, Yaodong Gu, Changlin Mei, Bing Dai, Yi Wang, Cheng Xue
INTRODUCTION: Identifying the appropriate modality between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an unresolved issue in polycystic kidney disease (PKD) patients. This study aims to illustrate whether the mortality and survival are different among individuals receiving HD comparing PD. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure about cohort studies involving PKD patients with end stage renal disease and comparing HD with PD...
May 18, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768353/correlation-of-increased-th17-treg-cell-ratio-with-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Xiaojing Zhu, Shuiqin Li, Qiaona Zhang, Dan Zhu, Yang Xu, Pengqian Zhang, Jin Han, Zhaoyang Duan, Jie Gao, Yan Ou
To investigate the relationship between the regulatory immune network and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in patients with different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD).A total of 91 patients diagnosed with CKD were divided into different groups according to the stage of disease and treatment with hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). Routine blood and biochemical tests were performed in patients in the different CKD groups and in healthy controls (n = 20). The frequencies of T helper type 17 (Th17) and regulatory T (Treg) cells in the overall T cell population were measured by flow cytometric analysis...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767390/safety-and-efficacy-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-for-choledocholithiasis-in-long-term-dialysis-a-propensity-score-analysis
#3
Sung Bum Kim, Kook Hyun Kim, Tae Nyeun Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous studies evaluating the safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis reported an increased risk of post-procedural bleeding. We investigated the safety and efficacy of ERCP for the treatment of choledocholithiasis in patients with ESRD undergoing long-term dialysis. METHODS: A total of 3466 patients who underwent ERCP due to choledocholithiasis between January 2000 and Feb 2018 were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively...
May 16, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760854/peritoneal-dialysis-in-austere-environments-an-emergent-approach-to-renal-failure-management
#4
REVIEW
Chad Gorbatkin, John Bass, Fredric O Finkelstein, Steven M Gorbatkin
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a means of renal replacement therapy (RRT) that can be performed in remote settings with limited resources, including regions that lack electrical power. PD is a mainstay of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) therapy worldwide, and the ease of initiation and maintenance has enabled it to flourish in both resource-limited and resource-abundant settings. In natural disaster scenarios, military conflicts, and other austere areas, PD may be the only available life-saving measure for acute kidney injury (AKI) or ESRD...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759796/factors-associated-with-anthropometric-indicators-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-hemodialysis-and-after-kidney-transplant
#5
Julieta García De Alba Verduzco, Erika Fabiola Hurtado López, Consuelo Pontón Vázquez, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Enrique Romero Velarde, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to demonstrate that there are differences in the factors associated with anthropometric indicators of nutritional status, with particular emphasis on arm indicators, in children with end-stage kidney disease undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD), hemodialysis (HD), and after kidney transplant (KT). METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study of consecutive cases included 130 children and adolescents with end-stage kidney disease undergoing substitutive treatment: 49 patients who underwent KT, 33 undergoing PD, and 47 undergoing HD...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739123/erythropoietin-protects-erythrocytes-against-oxidative-stress-induced-eryptosis-in-vitro
#6
Yun Sun, Gang Liu, Yali Jiang, Hui Wang, Hecun Xiao, Guangju Guan
BACKGROUND: Excessive eryptosis has been found in maintained hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis patients. Signaling of triggering eryptosis includes oxidative stress, increased cytosolic Ca2+-activity, and ceramide. Erythropoietin (EPO) possesses the property of an antioxidant. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on erythrocytes in vitro, and to assess the possible effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) on eryptosis. METHODS: One percent erythrocyte suspension was cultured in vitro in three kinds of media: Control group (Group C), H2O2 group (Group H), and EPO group (Group E)...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725741/-metabolic-management-and-nutrition-in-critically-ill-patients-with-renal-dysfunction-recommendations-from-the-renal-section-of-the-dgiin-%C3%A3-giain-and-divi
#7
W Druml, M Joannidis, S John, A Jörres, M Schmitz, J Kielstein, D Kindgen-Milles, M Oppert, V Schwenger, C Willam, A Zarbock
BACKGROUND: Intensive care patients with renal failure or insufficiency comprise a heterogeneous group of subjects with widely differing metabolic patterns and nutritional requirements. They include subjects with various stages of acute kidney injury (AKI), acute-on-chronic renal failure (A-CKD), without/with renal replacement therapy (RRT), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and subjects on regular hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis therapy (HD/PD). GOALS: Development of recommendations by the renal section of DGIIN (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internistische Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin), ÖGIAIN (Österreichische Gesellschaft für Internistische und Allgemeine Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin) and DIVI (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin) for the metabolic management and the planning, indication, implementation, and monitoring of nutrition therapy in this heterogeneous group of patients...
May 3, 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720873/the-impact-on-quality-of-life-of-dialysis-patients-with-renal-insufficiency
#8
Marta Dąbrowska-Bender, Grażyna Dykowska, Wioletta Żuk, Magdalena Milewska, Anna Staniszewska
Aim: The aim of the study was the subjective assessment of the quality of life (QoL) of 140 patients treated with dialysis (peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis). Background: Chronic kidney disease and the methods of its treatment play an important part in shaping the QoL of patients receiving dialysis. As a result, kidney failure causes many limitations in patients' physical, mental, and social activities. Methods: The instrument to measure the QoL was the authors' own questionnaire made on the basis of Kidney Disease and Quality of Life Short Form version 1...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709365/protein-losses-and-urea-nitrogen-underestimate-total-nitrogen-losses-in-peritoneal-dialysis-and-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Clara Salame, Simon Eaton, George Grimble, Andrew Davenport
OBJECTIVE: Muscle wasting is associated with increased mortality and is commonly reported in dialysis patients. Hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatments lead to protein losses in effluent dialysate. We wished to determine whether changes in current dialysis practice had increased therapy-associated nitrogen losses. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. METHODS: Measurement of total protein, urea and total nitrogen in effluent dialysate from 24-hour collections from PD patients, and during haemodiafiltration (HDF) and haemodialysis (HD) sessions...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706252/gadolinium-based-contrast-agents-in-kidney-disease-comprehensive-review-and-clinical-practice-guideline-issued-by-the-canadian-association-of-radiologists
#10
REVIEW
Nicola Schieda, Jason I Blaichman, Andreu F Costa, Rafael Glikstein, Casey Hurrell, Matthew James, Pejman Jabehdar Maralani, Wael Shabana, An Tang, Anne Tsampalieros, Christian van der Pol, Swapnil Hiremath
Use of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in renal impairment is controversial, with physician and patient apprehension in acute kidney injury (AKI), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and dialysis because of concerns regarding nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF). The position that GBCAs are absolutely contraindicated in AKI, CKD stage 4 or 5 (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 ) and dialysis-dependent patients is outdated, and may limit access to clinically necessary contrast-enhanced MRI examinations...
May 2018: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703177/functional-status-pre-dialysis-health-and-clinical-outcomes-among-elderly-dialysis-patients
#11
Silvi Shah, Anthony C Leonard, Charuhas V Thakar
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients comprise the fastest growing population initiating dialysis in United States. The impact of poor functional status and pre-dialysis health status on clinical outcomes in elderly dialysis patients is not well studied. METHODS: We studied a retrospective cohort of 49,645 incident end stage renal disease patients that initiated dialysis between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2008 from the United States Renal Data System with linked Medicare data covering at least 2 years prior to dialysis initiation...
April 27, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703162/decision-making-process-in-the-pre-dialysis-ckd-patients-do-anxiety-stress-and-depression-matter
#12
Cicero Italo L Bezerra, Bruno C Silva, Rosilene M Elias
BACKGROUND: The transition from pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) to renal replacement therapy (RRT) is a stressful event. Anxiety, depression and stress are frequent conditions in this population, and might play a role on the choice of dialysis modality. METHODS: This is a prospective study that included stages 4-5 CKD patients during a dialysis multi-disciplinary education program. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were evaluated. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and a Perceived Stress Scale assessed levels of anxiety, depression and stress, respectively...
April 27, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699499/factors-influencing-dialysis-withdrawal-a-scoping-review
#13
Hammad Ali Qazi, Helen Chen, Meng Zhu
BACKGROUND: Research on factors associated with dialysis withdrawal is scarce. This study examined the predictors that might influence rate of dialysis withdrawal. Existing literature is summarized, analyzed and synthesized to identify gaps in the literature with regard to the factors associated with dialysis withdrawal. METHODS: This scoping review used a systematic search to synthesize research findings related to dialysis withdrawal and identified gaps in the literature...
April 24, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683218/-outcome-of-patients-with-hemodialysis-or-peritoneal-dialysis-undergoing-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplantation-comparative-study
#14
Alberto Marcacuzco, Carlos Jiménez-Romero, Alejandro Manrique, Jorge Calvo, Félix Cambra, Óscar Caso, Álvaro García-Sesma, Anisa Nutu, Iago Justo
BACKGROUND: Controversy remains with regard to the higher risk of intraabdominal infections and lower patient and graft survival when peritoneal dialysis (PD) rather than hemodialysis (HD) is used in simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT). METHODS: From March 1995 to December 2015 we performed 165 SPKTs. Prior to transplant, patients received hemodialysis (Group HD; n=98) or peritoneal dialysis (Group PD; n=67). A comparison was performed to analyze posttransplant complications and patient, pancreas and kidney graft survivals...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682387/surgical-management-of-encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-a-case-report-in-kidney-transplant-patient
#15
R Shahbazov, M Talanian, J L Alejo, F Azari, A Agarwal, K L Brayman
Introduction: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a clinical syndrome of progressive fibrotic change in response to prolonged, repetitive, and typically severe insult to the peritoneal mesothelium, often occurring in the setting of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Clear guidelines for successful management remain elusive. We describe the successful surgical management of EPS in a 28-year-old male s/p deceased donor kidney transplant for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682346/restless-legs-syndrome-in-dialysis-patients-does-the-dialysis-modality-influence-its-occurrence-and-severity
#16
Andreia Freire de Menezes, Douglas Rafanelle Moura de Santana Motta, Fernanda Oliveira de Carvalho, Eduesley Santana-Santos, Manoel Pacheco de Andrade Júnior, Mirela Farias Figueirôa, Maria Isabel Teles Farias, Kleyton de Andrade Bastos
Background: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is more prevalent in chronic kidney patients than in the general population, but it is often diagnosed late and its predictors are unknown. Purpose: To diagnose RLS in a group of chronic kidney patients on dialysis, determine its frequency and severity, compare the prevalence and severity of the condition among dialytic modalities, and identify possible predictive factors in this population. Methods: An observational and cross-sectional study with 326 patients who had been on dialysis for more than 3 months, 241 on hemodialysis (HD) and 85 on automatic peritoneal dialysis (APD), using the criteria established by the International Study Group on RLS for the diagnosis and the RLS Rating Scale to determine its severity...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672176/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-vascular-calcification-in-chinese-patients-receiving-dialysis-baseline-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Zhi-Hong Liu, Xue-Qing Yu, Jun-Wei Yang, Ai-Li Jiang, Bi-Cheng Liu, Chang-Ying Xing, Ji-Zhuang Lou, Mei Wang, Hong Cheng, Jun Liu, Jun-Zhou Fu, Ai-Hua Zhang, Miao Zhang, Qiao-Ling Zhou, Chen Yu, Rong Wang, Li Wang, Yu-Qing Chen, Tian-Jun Guan, Ai Peng, Chen Nan, Chuan-Ming Hao, Xu-Yang Cheng
OBJECTIVE: With limited data available on calcification prevalence in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on dialysis, the China Dialysis Calcification Study (CDCS) determined the prevalence of vascular/valvular calcification (VC) and association of risk factors in Chinese patients with prevalent hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: CKD patients undergoing HD/PD for ≥6 months were enrolled. Prevalence data for calcification and medical history were documented at baseline...
April 19, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669237/current-practice-of-diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-intensive-care-unit-in-resource-limited-settings
#18
Nattachai Srisawat, Nattaya Sintawichai, Win Kulvichit, Nuttha Lumlertgul, Patita Sitticharoenchai, Nicha Thamrongsat, Sadudee Peerapornratana
PURPOSE: In a resource limited settings, there is sparse information about the management of acute kidney injury (AKI) based on systemic data collection. This survey aimed to described the current management of AKI in intensive care units (ICUs) across Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to 160 physicians involved in the intensive care between January and December 2014 across Thailand. Distribution was done through an online survey platform or telephone interview...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664506/continuous-venovenous-hemofiltration-in-neonates-with-hyperammonemia-a-case-series
#19
Felipe Cavagnaro Santa María, Jorge Roque Espinosa, Pamela Guerra Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal hyperammonemia secondary due to inborn errors of metabolism is a rare condition with a high rate of neurological sequelae and mortality. Initial medical management is often insufficient to stop the progressive increase of ammonia, with the consequent deterioration of the patient. For this reason, depurative techniques have been implemented, including peritoneal dialysis, intermittent hemodialysis and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with continuous extracorporeal dialysis in severely ill neonates with hyperammonemia...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661345/dass21-a-useful-tool-in-the-psychological-profile-evaluation-of-dialysis-patients
#20
Wen Jiun Liu, Ramli Musa, Thian Fook Chew, Christopher Thiam Seong Lim, Zaki Morad, Mohamad Adam Bin Bujang
BACKGROUND: The effect of dialysis treatment is complex, with both clinical and socio-psychological effects. In this study, we aimed to assess the psychological status of this growing population of end-stage renal disease. METHODS: Using the Short Form of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS21) questionnaire, we aimed (1) to measure the psychological states of hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) subjects from 15 sites, (2) to compare DASS21 scores between HD and PD, and (3) to identify the associated demographic and medical factors of better psychological states...
April 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
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