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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944999/systemic-redistribution-of-the-intramyocardially-injected-mesenchymal-stem-cells-by-repeated-remote-ischaemic-post-conditioning
#1
Qin Jiang, Tao Yu, Keli Huang, Hao Zhang, Zhe Zheng, Shengshou Hu
We investigated the effect of repeated remote ischaemic post-conditioning (RIPoC) on the organ distribution of the intramyocardially injected MSCs in rat myocardial ischemia model. Myocardial ischemia of adult female Sprague-Dawley rats was induced by 30-min. obstruction of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Repeated RIPoC was induced after ischemia with three cycles of 5-min. occlusion and reperfusion of the limb with the frequency of half a day, 1 or 2 days, respectively. Compared with that by single RIPoC, repeated RIPoC transiently reduced oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and inflammation in ischaemic myocardium; the gene expression of stromal cell-derived factor-1 alpha (SDF-1α) was consistently induced by repeated RIPoC procedures...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944924/cyclic-helix-b-peptide-protects-hk%C3%A2-2-cells-from-oxidative-stress-by-inhibiting-er-stress-and-activating-nrf2-signalling-and-autophagy
#2
Long Li, Miao Lin, Lexi Zhang, Shang Huang, Chao Hu, Long Zheng, Liping Li, Chao Zhang, Cheng Yang, Yaqiu Long, Ruiming Rong, Tongyu Zhu
Renal ischemia‑reperfusion injury (IRI) is present in numerous diseases and is observed following certain treatments, including renal transplantation. Preventing tubular epithelial cells (TECs) from undergoing apoptosis is vital for treatment of renal IRI. Cyclic helix B peptide (CHBP) is a novel agent that has a protective effect on renal IRI in vivo. In the present study, the effect and underlying mechanism of CHBP on TECs was investigated. The HK‑2 human renal proximal tubular epithelial cell line was treated with 500 µmol/l H2O2 for 4 h prior to determining the effect of CHBP pretreatment for 1 h on cell viability, caspase 3 activity and expression levels, expression levels of oxidative stress markers, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers, NF‑E2‑related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase‑1 (HO‑1) and autophagy markers...
September 22, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944905/myricitrin-decreases-traumatic-injury-of-the-spinal-cord-and-exhibits-antioxidant-and-anti%C3%A2-inflammatory-activities-in-a-rat-model-via-inhibition-of-cox%C3%A2-2-tgf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-1-p53-and-elevation-of-bcl%C3%A2-2-bax-signaling-pathway
#3
Yang Lei
Myricitrin has multiple effects, including antagonism of platelet activating factor, regulation of blood sugar levels, oxidation resistance, protection of the liver and the relieving of ethylism. The present study evaluated how myricitrin weakens traumatic injury of the spinal cord (TISC), and exhibits antioxidant and anti‑inflammatory activities in a rat model. TISC model rats were injected intraperitoneally with 5, 10 or 30 mg/kg/day of myricitrin for 5 days. Basso‑Beattie‑Bresnahan evaluation of locomotion and water content of spinal cord were used to analyze the effects of myricitrin on TISC...
September 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944893/pigment-epithelium%C3%A2-derived-factor-protects-human-glomerular-mesangial-cells-from-diabetes-via-noxo1%C3%A2-inos-suppression
#4
Ling Gao, Yingjie Hu, Jing Li
The authors previously reported that pigment epithelium‑derived factor (PEDF) protects the diabetic kidney from fibrosis via its anti‑oxidative effects. However, the underlying molecular mechanism has never been revealed. The present study aimed to investigate how PEDF protects mesangial cells from diabetes induced damage. Human mesangial cells were exposed to a diabetic environment [30 mmol/l glucose and 200 mg advanced glycation end products (AGEs)] in the absence or presence of PEDF (200 mg/l). The superoxide and peroxynitrite productions were measured by fluorescent assay...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944859/protective-and-therapeutic-effects-of-danhong-injection-on-acute-pancreatitis%C3%A2-associated-lung-injury
#5
Qin Liu, Fuzhou Hua, Changqing Deng, Jing Zhang, Guohai Xu, Yanhui Hu
Lung functional impairment caused by acute pancreatitis (AP) is the primary contributor to AP‑associated mortality. Previous studies have reported that AP‑associated lung injury is associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome and oxidative stress. In the present study, the protective effects of Danhong injection (DHI), a widely used Chinese Traditional Medicine preparation, on AP‑associated lung injury in rats was examined. The myeloperoxidase activity, malondiadelhyde level and superoxide dismutase activity determination demonstrated the anti‑inflammatory and anti‑oxidative properties of DHI...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944844/h2o2-induces-caveolin%C3%A2-1-degradation-and-impaired-mitochondrial-function-in-e11-podocytes
#6
Ya-Hui Chen, Wei-Wen Lin, Chin-San Liu, Shih-Li Su
Increased intercellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels are the major cause of podocyte injury with proteinuria. Caveolin‑1 (CAV‑1) is an essential protein component of caveolae. CAV‑1 participates in signal transduction and endocytic trafficking. Recent research has indicated that CAV‑1 regulates oxidative stress‑induced pathways. The present study used hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) at nontoxic concentrations to elevate the level of ROS in E11 podocytes. Treatment with 500 and 1,000 µM H2O2 for 1 h significantly reduced CAV‑1 expression levels...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944839/alteration-of-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-cytokines-induces-apoptosis-in-diabetic-nephropathy
#7
Jibin Sha, Bo Sui, Xiaoqing Su, Qingfang Meng, Chenggang Zhang
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most significant long‑term complications in terms of morbidity and mortality for diabetic patients; however, the exact cause remains unknown. To address this, the DN model was established, and oxidative stress indexes, including malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH‑Px), and inflammatory cytokines, includinginterleukin‑6 (IL‑6), tumor necrosis factor‑alpha (TNF‑α) and transforming growth factor‑beta (TGF‑β), were examined by ELISA...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944825/mild-hypothermia-pretreatment-protects-against-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-the-pi3k-akt-foxo3a-pathway
#8
Qi Xiao, Qifa Ye, Wei Wang, Jiansheng Xiao, Biqi Fu, Zhiping Xia, Xingjian Zhang, Zhongzhong Liu, Xianpeng Zeng
Mild hypothermia is known to protect against ischemia and reperfusion (IR) injury. The exact mechanisms of the protection are not fully understood. Forkhead box O3 (FOXO3a) has been defined as a critical mediator in cellular processes, including oxidative stress, apoptosis, inflammation, cell death and DNA repair; however, the protection function in mild hypothermia has not been reported previously. The current study was designed to investigate the function of phosphoinositide 3‑kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/FOXO3a pathway in pretreatment with mild hypothermia during IR injury...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944158/environmental-chemicals-and-preterm-birth-biological-mechanisms-and-the-state-of-the-science
#9
Kelly K Ferguson, Helen B Chin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Preterm birth is a significant worldwide health problem of uncertain origins. The extant body of literature examining environmental contaminant exposures in relation to preterm birth is extensive but results remain ambiguous for most organic pollutants, metals and metalloids, and air pollutants. In the present review we examine recent epidemiologic studies investigating these associations, and identify recent advances and the state of the science. Additionally, we highlight biological mechanisms of action in the pathway between chemical exposures and preterm birth, including inflammation, oxidative stress, and endocrine disruption, that deserve more attention in this context...
March 2017: Current Epidemiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943882/root-damage-under-alkaline-stress-is-associated-with-reactive-oxygen-species-accumulation-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l
#10
Hui Zhang, Xiao-Long Liu, Rui-Xue Zhang, Hai-Yan Yuan, Ming-Ming Wang, Hao-Yu Yang, Hong-Yuan Ma, Duo Liu, Chang-Jie Jiang, Zheng-Wei Liang
Alkaline stress (high pH) severely damages root cells, and consequently, inhibits rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedling growth. In this study, we demonstrate the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in root cells under alkaline stress. Seedlings of two rice cultivars with different alkaline tolerances, 'Dongdao-4' (moderately alkaline-tolerant) and 'Jiudao-51' (alkaline-sensitive), were subjected to alkaline stress simulated by 15 mM sodium carbonate (Na2CO3). Alkaline stress greatly reduced seedling survival rate, shoot and root growth, and root vigor...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943466/in-vitro-cytotoxicity-of-l-amino-acid-oxidase-from-the-venom-of-crotalus-mitchellii-pyrrhus
#11
Kok Keong Tan, Siok Ghee Ler, Jayantha Gunaratne, Boon Huat Bay, Gopalakrishnakone Ponnampalam
L-amino acid oxidase isolated from Crotalus mitchellii pyrrhus (Cmp-LAAO) exhibited cytotoxicity against LNCaP prostate adenocarcinoma cells. The viability of LNCaP cells decreased in a concentration- and time-dependent manner upon administration of Cmp-LAAO. Cmp-LAAO induced apoptosis as evidenced by AnnexinV/PI staining using flow cytometry. An increase in caspase-9 and caspase-3 activity were also observed. The damaging effect of LAAO appears to be due to its enzymatic activity, that produces hydrogen peroxide which can then induce oxidative stress within the cells...
September 21, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943437/inhibiting-prenylation-augments-chemotherapy-efficacy-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-through-dual-inhibition-on-mitochondrial-respiration-and-glycolysis
#12
Jiangrong Huang, Xiaoyu Yang, Xiaochun Peng, Wei Huang
Prenylation is a posttranslational lipid modification required for the proper functions of a number of proteins involved in cell regulation. Here, we show that prenylation inhibition is important for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) growth, survival and response to chemotherapy, and its underlying mechanism may be contributed to mitochondrial dysfunction. We first demonstrated that a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor pitavastatin inhibited mevalonate pathway and thereby prenylation in RCC cells. In addition, pitavastatin is effective in inhibiting growth and inducing apoptosis in a panel of RCC cell lines...
September 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943392/an-integrative-analysis-of-chemically-induced-cirrhosis-associated-hepatocarcinogenesis-histological-biochemical-and-molecular-features
#13
Guilherme Ribeiro Romualdo, Tony Fernando Grassi, Renata Leme Goto, Mariana Baptista Tablas, Lucas Tadeu Bidinotto, Ana Angélica Henrique Fernandes, Bruno Cogliati, Luís Fernando Barbisan
This study aimed the integrative characterization of morphological, biochemical and molecular features of chemically-induced cirrhosis-associated hepatocarcinogenesis. Thus, male Wistar rats were submitted to a diethylnitrosamine (DEN)/thioacetamide (TAA)-induced model. Liver tissue was processed for global gene expression, histopathological and collagen evaluations; as well as immunohistochemical and oxidative stress analysis. Gene Ontology and functional analysis showed the upregulation of extracellular matrix deposition genes, such as collagen type I alpha 1 and 2 (Col1α1 and Col1α2) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 and 2 genes (Timp1 and Timp2)...
September 21, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943104/fructose-1-6-diphosphate-prevents-alcohol-induced-liver-injury-through-inhibiting-oxidative-stress-and-promoting-alcohol-metabolism-in-mice
#14
Ling Li, Yifei Wu, Fangyuan Yin, Qin Feng, Xiaoliang Dong, Ruhui Zhang, Zhimin Yin, Lan Luo
Fructose 1, 6-diphosphate (FDP), a glycolytic intermediate,has been identified to possess antioxidant activities. Here we show the protective effect of FDP against alcohol-induced liver injury in mice and the underlying mechanisms. The in vivo experiments demonstrated that FDP, orally administered to mice, dose-dependently suppressed alcohol (50%, v/v, 12ml/kg)-induced increase of serum activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), serum triglyceride (TG) level and hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) level...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943042/structure-activity-relationship-study-of-%C3%AE-oxidation-resistant-indole-based-5-oxo-6-8-11-14-eicosatetraenoic-acid-5-oxo-ete-receptor-antagonists
#15
Qiuji Ye, Shishir Chourey, Rui Wang, Nagendra Reddy Chintam, Sylvie Gravel, William S Powell, Joshua Rokach
5-Oxo-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-ETE) is formed from 5S-hydroxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE) by the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway under conditions associated with oxidative stress. 5-Oxo-ETE is an important pro-inflammatory mediator, which stimulates the migration of eosinophils via a selective G-protein coupled receptor, known as the OXE receptor (OXE-R). Previously, we designed and synthesized structural mimics of 5-oxo-ETE such as 1 using an indole scaffold. In the present work, we added various substituents at C-3 of this moiety to block potential β-oxidation of the 5-oxo-valerate side chain, and investigated the structure-activity relationships of the resulting novel β-oxidation-resistant antagonists...
August 19, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942830/nephroprotective-effect-of-murraya-koenigii-on-cyclophosphamide-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rats
#16
Patel Mahipal, Rajesh Singh Pawar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nephroprotective effect of defatted methanolic extract and aqueous extract of Murraya koenigii (M. koenigii) against cyclophosphamide drug. METHODS: Nephrotoxicity was induced by cyclophosphamide in 7 days at 150 mg/kg body weight through intraperitoneal route in rat model. Nephroprotective activity of M. koenigii extract (100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg in intraperitoneal route) was measured, including nephrological source, oxidative stress parameters like superoxide dismutase, glutathione, the lipid peroxide and in vivo assay like blood urea nitrogen, creatinine were determined and analyzed by One way analysis of variance followed by Tukey's test...
August 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942826/nitric-oxide-synthase-inhibitors-protect-against-brain-and-liver-damage-caused-by-acute-malathion-intoxication
#17
Omar M E Abdel-Salam, Eman R Youness, Nadia A Mohammed, Noha N Yassen, Yasser A Khadrawy, Safinaz Ebrahim El-Toukhy, Amany A Sleem
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), a non-selective nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, and 7-nitroindazole (7-NI), a selective neuronal NOS inhibitor, on oxidative stress and tissue damage in brain and liver and on DNA damage of peripheral blood lymphocytes in malathion intoxicated rats. METHODS: Malathion (150 mg/kg) was given intraperitoneally (i.p.) along with l-NAME or 7-NI (10 or 20 mg/kg, i.p.) and rats were euthanized 4 h later...
August 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942748/nutritional-psychiatry-the-present-state-of-the-evidence
#18
Wolfgang Marx, Genevieve Moseley, Michael Berk, Felice Jacka
Mental illness, including depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder, accounts for a significant proportion of global disability and poses a substantial social, economic and heath burden. Treatment is presently dominated by pharmacotherapy, such as antidepressants, and psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioural therapy; however, such treatments avert less than half of the disease burden, suggesting that additional strategies are needed to prevent and treat mental disorders. There are now consistent mechanistic, observational and interventional data to suggest diet quality may be a modifiable risk factor for mental illness...
September 25, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942534/cholinergic-system-and-oxidative-stress-changes-in-the-brain-of-a-zebrafish-model-chronically-exposed-to-ethanol
#19
Jotele Fontana Agostini, Helena Cristina Zuehl Dal Toé, Karine Medeiros Vieira, Samira Leila Baldin, Naithan Ludian Fernandes Costa, Carolina Uribe Cruz, Larisse Longo, Marcel Marcos Machado, Themis Reverbel da Silveira, Patrícia Fernanda Schuck, Eduardo Pacheco Rico
Ethanol is a widely used drug, and excess or even moderate consumption of ethanol is associated with changes in several neurotransmitter systems, including the cholinergic system. The incidence of alcoholic dementia and its insults are well supported by multiple studies, although the mechanisms of neurotoxicity are still poorly understood. Considering that zebrafish have a complete central nervous system (CNS) and that several signaling systems have already been identified in zebrafish, this neurotoxicological model has become useful...
September 23, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942512/altered-endothelial-nitric-oxide-signaling-as-a-paradigm-for-maternal-vascular-maladaptation-in-preeclampsia
#20
REVIEW
George Osol, Nga Ling Ko, Maurizio Mandalà
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to present the newest insights into what we view as a central failure of cardiovascular adaptation in preeclampsia (PE) by focusing on one clinically significant manifestation of maternal endothelial dysfunction: nitric oxide signaling. The etiology, symptoms, and current theories of the PE syndrome are described first, followed by a review of the available evidence, and underlying causes of reduced endothelial nitric oxide (NO) signaling in PE...
September 23, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
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