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Canine arthritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992489/methotrexate-induces-high-level-of-apoptosis-in-canine-lymphoma-leukemia-cell-lines
#1
Aleksandra Pawlak, Justyna Kutkowska, Bożena Obmińska-Mrukowicz, Andrzej Rapak
INTRODUCTION: Methotrexate is an antimetabolite used in the treatment of cancer and non-malignant diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis and graft vs. host disease. Combination therapy with methotrexate was successful in the treatment of canine lymphoma, mammary tumor and invasive urinary bladder cancer. Lymphoma, the most common hematopoietic cancer in dogs, and leukemia are sensitive to chemotherapy, which is why methotrexate may be an important treatment option for these diseases...
September 28, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327134/the-effect-of-intra-articular-botulinum-toxin-a-on-substance-p-prostaglandin-e2-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-in-the-canine-osteoarthritic-joint
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Helka M Heikkilä, Anna K Hielm-Björkman, John F Innes, Outi M Laitinen-Vapaavuori
BACKGROUND: Recently, intra-articular botulinum toxin A (IA BoNT A) has been shown to reduce joint pain in osteoarthritic dogs. Similar results have been reported in human patients with arthritis. However, the mechanism of the antinociceptive action of IA BoNT A is currently not known. The aim of this study was to explore this mechanism of action by investigating the effect of IA BoNT A on synovial fluid (SF) and serum substance P (SP), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in osteoarthritic dogs...
March 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317140/comparison-of-the-effects-of-cefazolin-and-ceftriaxone-on-canine-chondrocyte-culture
#3
P Siengdee, W Pradit, T Euppayo, S Chomdej, K Nganvongpanit
Cephalosporins (CEFs) are antibiotics frequently used to treat bone infections and septic arthritis. The effects of CEFs on chondrocytes have not been studied until now. Cefazolin (cef1) and ceftriaxone (cef3), first-and third-generation CEFs, were selected to investigate their direct effects on normal and osteoarthritic (OA) primary canine chondrocytes, which were either nonstimulated or stimulated with the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1β. In our results, treatment with CEFs increased the negative effects on both conditioned normal and OA chondrocytes, especially when applied to IL-1β-stimulated cells (inflammatory stimulus)...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932733/supporting-proactive-management-of-canine-arthritis
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793205/measurement-of-serum-c-reactive-protein-concentration-for-discriminating-between-suppurative-arthritis-and-osteoarthritis-in-dogs
#5
Anna Hillström, Jonas Bylin, Ragnvi Hagman, Karin Björhall, Harold Tvedten, Kristian Königsson, Tove Fall, Mads Kjelgaard-Hansen
BACKGROUND: In a dog with joint pain, it is important to determine whether it has suppurative joint disease, characterized by exudation of neutrophils in the synovial fluid, or not, as this affects choice of diagnostic tests and treatments. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether measurement of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration could be used to discriminate between dogs with suppurative arthritis and osteoarthritis (OA). Furthermore, the concentrations of serum and synovial fluid interleukin (IL) 6 concentrations were measured in dogs with joint disease and in healthy dogs, and were correlated to serum CRP concentrations...
October 28, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558513/a-one-health-overview-facilitating-advances-in-comparative-medicine-and-translational-research
#6
Cheryl Stroud, Igor Dmitriev, Elena Kashentseva, Jeffrey N Bryan, David T Curiel, Hans Rindt, Carol Reinero, Carolyn J Henry, Philip J Bergman, Nicola J Mason, Josephine S Gnanandarajah, Julie B Engiles, Falon Gray, Danielle Laughlin, Anita Gaurnier-Hausser, Anu Wallecha, Margie Huebner, Yvonne Paterson, Daniel O'Connor, Laura S Treml, James P Stannard, James L Cook, Marc Jacobs, Gerald J Wyckoff, Lee Likins, Ubadah Sabbagh, Andrew Skaff, Amado S Guloy, Harlen D Hays, Amy K LeBlanc, Joan R Coates, Martin L Katz, Leslie A Lyons, Gayle C Johnson, Gary S Johnson, Dennis P O'Brien, Dongsheng Duan, James P Calvet, Barbara Gandolfi, David A Baron, Mark L Weiss, Debra A Webster, Francis N Karanu, Edward J Robb, Robert J Harman
A1 One health advances and successes in comparative medicine and translational researchCheryl StroudA2 Dendritic cell-targeted gorilla adenoviral vector for cancer vaccination for canine melanomaIgor Dmitriev, Elena Kashentseva, Jeffrey N. Bryan, David T. CurielA3 Viroimmunotherapy for malignant melanoma in the companion dog modelJeffrey N. Bryan, David Curiel, Igor Dmitriev, Elena Kashentseva, Hans Rindt, Carol Reinero, Carolyn J. HenryA4 Of mice and men (and dogs!): development of a commercially licensed xenogeneic DNA vaccine for companion animals with malignant melanomaPhilip J...
August 2016: Clinical and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345291/pharmacological-evaluation-of-a-selective-bradykinin-b1-antagonist-in-a-canine-model-of-arthritis
#7
B A Duclos, C A Rugg, J White, J T Ross, M Darling, D Huczek, J Curry, S Alexander-Bowman, A Townley, D Garcia-Tapia, C Chio, S Kamerling
The effects of a selective bradykinin 1 receptor antagonist, compound A, were evaluated in a canine model of acute inflammatory model of arthritis. Despite detection of the B1 receptor in canine type B synoviocytes using a fluorescent ligand, oral administration of compound A (9 and 27 mg/kg) did not improve weight bearing of dogs injected intra-articularly with IL-1β in a force plate analysis. Analysis of the synovial fluid of IL-1β-treated dogs indicated high levels of bradykinin postchallenge. Excellent exposure, coupled with evidence of the presence of the B1 receptor during an acute inflammatory model of pain, indicates an inability of the receptor to mediate inflammatory pain in canines...
January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27304984/-leishmania-infantum-induced-bone-lesions-in-a-dog
#8
Felix Wallborn, Charlotte Söffler, Philipp Winkels, Marcus Hess, Peter Engelhardt
A 3-year-old Labrador Retriever originating from Spain was presented with a left-sided hind limb lameness for several months. The orthopedic examination revealed a pain response when palpating the left tarsal joint. Radiographic and computed tomographic studies showed polyostotic, aggressive osteolytic bone lesions with mild erosive arthritis. The diagnosis of canine leishmaniasis was confirmed by bone biopsy and the detection of the pathogen by PCR. Three weeks after initiation of therapy with allopurinol, the dog presented no signs of lameness...
August 17, 2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26969871/two-fluoroquinolones-and-their-combinations-with-hyaluronan-comparison-of-effects-on-canine-chondrocyte-culture
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
P Siengdee, T Euppayo, K Buddhachat, S Chomdej, K Nganvongpanit
Fluoroquinolones (FQs) are frequently used for septic arthritis. Increased antibacterial activity has been associated with mammalian cell cytotoxicity that may increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis. This study compared the direct effects of two different FQs, enrofloxacin (Enro) and marbofloxacin (Mar), on normal primary canine chondrocytes and inflammatory-stimulated chondrocytes, in addition to their administration in combination with hyaluronan (HA). Cell viability, cell apoptosis, s-GAG production, and expression patterns of inflammatory, extracellular matrix (ECM) component and protease genes were measured...
October 2016: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26902805/synovial-fluid-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-and-9-activities-in-dogs-suffering-from-joint-disorders
#10
Kohei Murakami, Shingo Maeda, Tomohiro Yonezawa, Naoaki Matsuki
The activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 in synovial fluids (SF) sampled from dogs with joint disorders was investigated by gelatin zymography and densitometry. Pro-MMP-2 showed similar activity levels in dogs with idiopathic polyarthritis (IPA; n=17) or canine rheumatoid arthritis (cRA; n=4), and healthy controls (n=10). However, dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR; n=5) presented significantly higher pro-MMP-2 activity than IPA and healthy dogs. Meanwhile, dogs with IPA exhibited significantly higher activity of pro- and active MMP-9 than other groups...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26693480/effects-of-bee-venom-injections-at-acupoints-on-neurologic-dysfunction-induced-by-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disc-disorders-in-canines-a-randomized-controlled-prospective-study
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Li-Chuan Tsai, Yi-Wen Lin, Ching-Liang Hsieh
Intervertebral disk disease (IVDD) is a major spine disorder in canines that causes neurological dysfunction, particularly in the thoracolumbar area. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs are typically used to reduce nociceptive signals to decrease canine suffering. Bee venom (BV) has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Injection of BV at acupoints has been widely used to treat clinical disorders including inflammation, pain, and arthritis. The current study was intended to determine whether BV injections at acupoints can enhance treatment of canine neurological dysfunction caused by IVDD...
2015: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26244588/lesions-in-canine-stifle-joints-due-to-trochleoplasties-as-treatment-for-medial-patellar-luxation
#12
Johannes Hans van der Zee
Lesions in canine stifle joints after previous trochleoplasty surgery were documented. In four clinical cases arthrotomies were performed due to stifle pain after previous trochlear deepening procedures. A small area of hyaline cartilage remained in the groove of the stifles in cases where previous wedge trochleoplasties had been performed. All of the stifles had significant areas of eburnation on the axial aspect of the medial trochlear ridge. The stifle joints of a dog that was euthanased due to severe irreversible osteoarthritis were photographed...
2015: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26234738/synovial-fluid-total-protein-concentration-as-a-possible-marker-for-canine-idiopathic-polyarthritis
#13
Kohei Murakami, Tomohiro Yonezawa, Naoaki Matsuki
Idiopathic polyarthritis (IPA) is a very common inflammatory arthropathy in the dog. Canine IPA is diagnosed mainly by detecting increased number of leukocytes in the synovial fluid (SF), which is easily influenced by glucocorticoid therapy. We obtained 31 SF samples from 24 IPA dogs prior to (n=19) and/or after (n=12) 1 to 10 weeks of glucocorticoid therapy. The SF total protein concentrations of IPA dogs were significantly higher than those of dogs with non-arthritis diseases (n=34) and healthy controls (n=10)...
January 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26058798/analysis-of-lactate-concentrations-in-canine-synovial-fluid
#14
J L J Proot, F de Vicente, D E Sheahan
OBJECTIVE: To report synovial fluid lactate concentrations in normal and pathological canine joints. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled, prospective study. METHODS: Lactate was measured in synovial fluid using a hand-held meter and the rest of the fluid was sent to a commercial laboratory for analysis. Samples were divided into four groups; group 1: control, group 2: osteoarthritis, group 3: immune-mediated inflammatory arthritis, and group 4: septic arthritis...
2015: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26010919/in-this-issue-june-2015-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-splenectomy-in-horses-%C3%A2-dental-abnormalities-in-horses-%C3%A2-canine-neural-angiostrongylosis-%C3%A2-pcr-or-culture-for-canine-septic-arthritis-%C3%A2-amaranthus-spp-toxicity-in-lambs-%C3%A2-measuring-dehydration-in-neonatal-calves
#15
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25770893/synovial-fluid-cytology-in-experimental-acute-canine-monocytic-ehrlichiosis-ehrlichia-canis
#16
Konstantina Theodorou, Leonidas Leontides, Victoria I Siarkou, Theodoros Petanides, Konstantinos Tsafas, Shimon Harrus, Mathios E Mylonakis
Evidence-based information of a cause-and-effect relationship between Ehrlichia canis infection and polyarthritis in naturally- or experimentally-infected dogs is currently lacking. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate whether synovial fluid cytological evidence of arthritis could be documented in dogs with acute monocytic ehrlichiosis. Direct synovial fluid cytology smears from eight Beagle dogs experimentally infected with E. canis were examined prior to, and on 21, 35 and 63 days post-inoculation...
May 15, 2015: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25491696/temporomandibular-joint-dysfunction-and-disorders-in-the-development-of-the-mandible-in-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-preliminary-study
#17
Anna Górska, Wojciech Przystupa, Lidia Rutkowska-Sak, Małgorzata Kwiatkowska, Sławomir Chlabicz, Izabela Szarmach
BACKGROUND: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) may be affected unilaterally or bilaterally in the course of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Permanent complications involve joint damage or stiffness and disorders in the development of the mandible, such as micrognathia, posterior rotation of the mandible, crowding and protrusion of the front teeth and malocclusion. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was the clinical and radiological assessment of TMJ dysfunctions and disorders in the development of the mandible in patients suffering from JIA, depending on the duration of the disease...
September 2014: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25459484/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-in-a-bat-eared-fox-otocyon-megalotis
#18
Benjamin N Nevitt, Jennifer N Langan, Michael J Adkesson, Jennifer A Landolfi, Rand Wilson
CASE DESCRIPTION: Severe lymphocytosis and leukocytosis were detected during examination of a 10-year-old sexually intact male bat-eared fox (Otocyon megalotis) with regionally extensive alopecia. CLINICAL FINDINGS: A CBC revealed severe leukocytosis (39,100 leukocytes/μL) and marked lymphocytosis (90%). A blood smear consisted predominantly of intermediate-sized lymphocytes and few large lymphocytes, with mild to moderate nuclear atypia. These findings were highly suggestive of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)...
December 15, 2014: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25258172/molecular-identification-of-bartonella-species-in-dogs-with-leishmaniosis-leishmania-infantum-with-or-without-cytological-evidence-of-arthritis
#19
Mathios E Mylonakis, Nectarios Soubasis, Nandhakumar Balakrishnan, Konstantina Theodorou, Dimitrios Kasabalis, Manolis Saridomichelakis, Christos K Koutinas, Alexander F Koutinas, Edward B Breitschwerdt
Recent evidence suggest that Bartonella species may cause polyarthritis and lameness in dogs. Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) due to Leishmania infantum is a multi-systemic disease often occurring in association with arthritis. We hypothesized that concurrent Bartonella infection may be a contributing factor for the development of arthritis in dogs with CanL. Hence the primary objective of this study was to investigate the molecular prevalence of Bartonella spp. in dogs with naturally occurring CanL, with or without cytologically documented arthritis...
November 7, 2014: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25005436/biomarkers-affected-by-impact-velocity-and-maximum-strain-of-cartilage-during-injury
#20
Nicole Poythress Waters, Aaron M Stoker, William L Carson, Ferris M Pfeiffer, James L Cook
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common, debilitating, musculoskeletal diseases; 12% associated with traumatic injury resulting in post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). Our objective was to develop a single impact model with cartilage "injury level" defined in terms of controlled combinations of strain rate to a maximum strain (both independent of cartilage load resistance) to study their sensitivity to articular cartilage cell viability and potential PTOA biomarkers. A servo-hydraulic test machine was used to measure canine humeral head cartilage explant thickness under repeatable pressure, then subject it (except sham and controls) to a single impact having controlled constant velocity V=1 or 100mm/s (strain rate 1...
September 22, 2014: Journal of Biomechanics
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