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total hip arthroplasty in proximal femoral fracture

Dustin A Greenhill, Pooyan Abbasi, Kurosh Darvish, Andrew M Star
BACKGROUND: Curved broach handles were developed to overcome limited surgical exposures during total hip arthroplasty. Some authors report increased intraoperative fracture rates during limited exposures. This study evaluates mechanical force ratios transmitted to the bone while broaching with curved vs straight handles. METHODS: An experimental model utilized a 6-axis load cell to measure force distributions produced by 4 different broach handles, each with increasing offset and curvature...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Olav Reikerås
BACKGROUND: Long-term results of a hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated stem are sparse. We have followed a cohort of patients operated with a grit-blasted titanium stem designed for press-fit insertion and entirely plasma-sprayed with HA up to 28 years. METHODS: In the years 1988-1993, we performed 323 primary total hip arthroplasties in 276 patients (189 women). Their mean age was 48 (15-79) years. During the following years, 83 patients with 88 hips have died, and 18 patients did not attend the follow-up examination, but had no major symptoms according to telephone interviews and control examination...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Ran Zhao, Hong Cai, Yanqing Liu, Hua Tian, Ke Zhang, Zhongjun Liu
Intraoperative proximal femoral fracture, one of the most common complications of total hip arthroplasty (THA), occurs more often in cementless procedures and can affect rehabilitation, hospitalization time, and cost of treatment. The goal of this study was to identify risk factors for intraoperative proximal femoral fracture in THA to identify high-risk groups preoperatively and minimize the incidence of this complication. This nested case-control study included 904 primary cementless THA procedures (769 patients) performed between January 2009 and July 2015...
November 22, 2016: Orthopedics
G Grammatopoulos, A Alvand, H Martin, D Whitwell, A Taylor, C L M H Gibbons
OBJECTIVES: A possible solution for the management of proximal femoral bone loss is a modular femoral endoprosthesis (EPR). Although the outcome of EPRs in tumour surgery has been well described, the outcome of their use in revision hip surgery has received less attention. The aim of this study was to describe the outcome of using EPR for non-neoplastic indications. METHODS: A retrospective review of 79 patients who underwent 80 EPRs for non-neoplastic indications was performed, including the rates of complication and survival and the mean Oxford Hip Scores (OHS), at a mean of five years post-operatively...
November 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Ahmed El-Bakoury, Hazem Hosny, Mark Williams, Jonathan Keenan, Rathan Yarlagadda
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic fracture following total hip arthroplasty is a significant problem faced by hip surgeons, and its management in elderly patients remains a considerable challenge. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 28 Vancouver B2 and B3 periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFF) treated with revision of the femoral stems by distally locked, hydroxyapatite-coated uncemented stems (Cannulok). Patients were aged 75 years or older at the time of surgery. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 44...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Jonathon M Brown, Jaydev B Mistry, Jeffrey J Cherian, Randa K Elmallah, Morad Chughtai, Steven F Harwin, Michael A Mont
Modern primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) is among the most successful operations in medicine. It has been a consistently effective treatment for end-stage osteoarthritis of the hip. With the increasing number of primary THA procedures being performed and the decreasing age of patients undergoing the procedure, there is an inevitable associated increase in revision burden for arthroplasty surgeons. Revision THA is most often indicated for instability, aseptic loosening, osteolysis, infection, periprosthetic fracture, component malposition, and catastrophic implant failure...
November 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Ashleen R Knutsen, Nicole Lau, Donald B Longjohn, Edward Ebramzadeh, Sophia N Sangiorgio
INTRODUCTION: Periprosthetic bone loss may lead to major complications in total hip arthroplasty (THA), including loosening, migration, and even fracture. This study analysed the influence of femoral implant designs on periprosthetic bone mineral density (BMD) after THA. METHODS: The results of all previous published studies reporting periprosthetic femoral BMD following THA were compiled. Using these results, we compared percent changes in bone loss as a function of: femoral stem fixation, material, and geometry...
August 3, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Scott A Christopher, Stanley E Kim, Simon Roe, Antonio Pozzi
Periprosthetic femoral fractures are a common complication associated with cementless press-fit total hip arthroplasty. The use of prophylactic cerclage wire fixation has been advocated to reduce this complication. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a double loop cerclage wire, used as adjunctive fixation, increased the peak torsional load to failure in femora implanted with press-fit cementless stems. Peak torsional load to failure was compared between femora without adjunctive fixation and femora receiving a 1 mm double loop cerclage wire placed proximally to the lesser trochanter...
August 2016: Veterinary Journal
Min Chen, Zhengliang Luo, Xiaofeng Ji, Peng Cheng, Guolin Tang, Xifu Shang
BACKGROUND: The direct anterior approach (DAA) for total hip arthroplasty (THA) is typically performed in the supine position using a specially designed operating room table, which makes this approach more accessible to orthopedic surgeons. We attempted to perform this procedure in the lateral decubitus position on an ordinary operation table to avoid dependence on a special operating room table. There is an obvious absence of literature regarding this subject. METHODS: A total of 248 patients (295 hips) were recruited for primary THAs from July 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014...
January 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Najmul Huda, Julfiqar, Ajay Pant, M Aslam
INTRODUCTION: Perioperative complications are well known during partial and total hip arthroplasty. One of the common categories of these complications is an intraoperative fractures of the proximal femur. Here we discuss a case of perforation of posteromedial cortex of the proximal femur, while doing a press fit modular bipolar hemiarthroplasty, in a young adult with secondary nonunion of the femoral neck fracture. The cause of this proximal femur perforation was residual fibular strut graft that, redirected the femoral stem into undesirable direction...
July 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Rajiv Merchant, Ian Kelly, John Quinlan
INTRODUCTION: Fracture of stems in primary total hip arthroplasty is a known complication and has been attributed to varus positioning, excessive weight of the patient, resorption of the femoral calcar and failure of the cement mantle. Fractures in uncemented revision femoral stems are rare and are attributed to reduction in proximal support either in the form of bone loss or an extended trochanteric osteotomy [ETO] against a distally well- fixed stem. Also, undersized stems and high BMI to increase the risk of stem fracture...
October 2014: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
X Gallart, G Claret, S Garcia, J A Fernández-Valencia, J Riba
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical failure of femoral stems of revision hip arthroplasty has been rarely reported. In the current study, the cause of two stem fractures, which occurred in vivo, was analysed with use of clinical and radiological data, and the functional result after revision is presented. CASE REPORT: Two patients, A 70-year-old male and a 73-year-old female, both of Mediterranean ethnic, and both patients underwent a revision total hip replacement to an uncemmented extensively porous coated stem...
July 2014: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
George N Guild, Robert P Runner, Tracy D Rickels, Ryan Oldja, Ahmad Faizan
BACKGROUND: The incidence of revision hip arthroplasty is increasing with nearly 100,000 annual procedures expected in the near future. Many surgeons use straight modular tapered stems in revisions; however, complications of periprosthetic fracture and cortical perforation occur, resulting in poor outcomes. Our objective was to identify patient demographics and femoral characteristics that predispose patients to cortical perforation when using the straight modular stems. METHODS: We used a computed tomography database and modeling software to identify patient demographics and morphologic femoral characteristics that predispose patients to cortical perforation during revision hip arthroplasty...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
M P Abdel, M T Houdek, C D Watts, D G Lewallen, D J Berry
AIMS: The goals of this study were to define the risk factors, characteristics, and chronology of fractures in 5417 revision total hip arthroplasties (THAs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From our hospital's prospectively collected database we identified all patients who had undergone a revision THA between 1969 and 2011 which involved the femoral stem. The patients' medical records and radiographs were examined and the relevant data extracted. Post-operative periprosthetic fractures were classified using the Vancouver system...
April 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
M Hanke, V Djonov, M Tannast, M J Keel, J D Bastian
Medial penetration of the helical blade into the hip joint after fixation of trochanteric fractures using the proximal femur nail antirotation (PFN-A) is a potential failure mode. In low demand patients a blade exchange with cement augmentation may be an option if conversion to total hip arthroplasty is unfeasible to salvage the cut-through. This article describes a technique to avoid intraarticular cement leakage using a cement plug to close the defect in the femoral head caused by the cut-through.
June 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Young-Soo Shin, Dong-Hun Suh, Jong-Hoon Park, Jeong-Lae Kim, Seung-Beom Han
There are several reported disadvantages with conventional-length femoral stems in cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA). Therefore, various efforts have been made to develop a specific femoral short stem to improve physiologic bone remodeling at the femoral aspect of a cementless THA. However, there are potential disadvantages with specific femoral short stems, such as malalignment, inadvertent subsidence, and potential proximal femoral fracture. Therefore, the authors quantitatively compared radiographic and clinical outcomes as well as component-specific complications between 2 groups of patients following primary cementless THA...
March 2016: Orthopedics
M Lacko, D Schreierová, R Čellár, G Vaško
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to investigate the involvement of osteoporosis during remodelling of the proximal femur after uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) and the effect of bisphospohonate treatment on these changes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty evaluated patients with non-cemented THA were divided into three groups on the basis of pre-operative densitometric examinations. Group 1 (15 patients with osteoporosis) received a single dose of 5 mg zoledronic acid in infusion during the second post-operative week...
2015: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Alexander Brunner, Markus Büttler, Uwe Lehmann, Hans Curd Frei, Renato Kratter, Marco Di Lazzaro, Alexander Scola, An Sermon, Rene Attal
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome after different types of revision operations for blade 'cut-out' and 'cut-through' after fixation of trochanteric fractures with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) or a trochanter fixation nail (TFN). METHODS: Twenty hospitals participated in this multicentre study. A total of 4109 patients were retrospectively screened for cut-out or cut-through complications after nailing of trochanteric fractures using PFNA or TFN. Fifty-seven patients (28 with 'cut-through' and 29 with 'cut-out') were included in the study...
February 2016: Injury
Phonthakorn Panichkul, Nancy L Parks, Henry Ho, Robert H Hopper, William G Hamilton
This study compared the femoral stem revision and loosening rates in primary total hip arthroplasty between 2 different approaches and stem designs. Recent reports comparing the direct anterior approach with either the posterior or lateral approach showed that patients undergoing the direct anterior approach have less pain and an accelerated functional recovery in the early postoperative period. After converting to an anterior approach, the authors observed an increased rate of femoral stem revision. From 2003 to 2009, a posterior or lateral approach was used to insert 514 stems of 2 designs...
January 2016: Orthopedics
Chun-sheng Wang, Zi-qi Zhang, Pei Yang, Kun-zheng Wang, Wei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes of proximal femoral geometry after femoral neck fracture treated with THA, analyze the existent of differences and their manifestation. METHODS: All patients of femoral neck fracture (FNF) and osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH) were treated with THA by the same operating team from January to December of 2014, including 22 patients with FNF (11 males and 11 females,with age from 44 to 83 years old (means 66.18 ± 11.47) and 23 patients with ONFH (12 males and 11 females, with age from 19 to 68 years old (means 51...
September 2015: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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