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Hip fracture in adults

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885645/update-of-nice-guidance-for-hip-fractures-in-adults
#1
Tim J S Chesser, Robert Handley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874132/bone-turnover-markers-are-associated-with-bone-density-but-not-with-fracture-in-end-stage-kidney-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Hanne Skou Jørgensen, Simon Winther, Morten Bøttcher, Ellen-Margrethe Hauge, Lars Rejnmark, My Svensson, Per Ivarsen
BACKGROUND: Fracture risk is increased in chronic kidney disease (CKD), but assessment of bone fragility remains controversial in these patients. This study investigated the associations between bone turnover markers, bone mineral density (BMD), and prevalent fragility fracture in a cohort of kidney transplantation candidates. METHODS: Volumetric BMD of spine and hip was measured by quantitative computed tomography. Parathyroid hormone (PTH), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, procollagen type-1 N-terminal propeptide, tartrate resistant alkaline phosphatase, and C- and N-terminal telopeptides of type 1 collagen were analyzed from fasting morning blood samples...
September 6, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873793/smart-clothing-for-falls-protection-and-detection-user-centred-co-design-and-feasibility-study
#3
Katherine Easton, Thomas Burton, Steven Ariss, Mike Bradburn, Mark Hawley
The prevalence and impact of hip fractures on the health and wealth of nations is a global problem and source of health inequalities. This paper reports on the co-design and feasibility testing of a new range of protective, smart clothing. The feasibility of research in a population of older adults in supported living is explored, as are the conceptualisation and measurement of adherence.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869754/the-irisin-hormone-profile-and-expression-in-human-bone-tissue-in-the-bone-healing-process-in-patients
#4
Sancar Serbest, Uğur Tiftikçi, Hacı Bayram Tosun, Üçler Kısa
BACKGROUND Whether or not there is a relationship between the newly-discovered irisin hormone and bone healing is not yet known. The aim of this study was to investigate what effect irisin hormone has on the bone healing process. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 21 adult patients with a diagnosed fracture of the lower extremity (femur or tibia). Informed consent was obtained from all the patients. A total of four venous blood samples were taken from the patients: before fracture stabilization, then postoperatively on days 1, 10, and 60...
September 4, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866353/frail-questionnaire-screening-tool-and-short-term-outcomes-in-geriatric-fracture-patients
#5
Lauren Jan Gleason, Emily A Benton, M Loreto Alvarez-Nebreda, Michael J Weaver, Mitchel B Harris, Houman Javedan
OBJECTIVES: There are limited screening tools to predict adverse postoperative outcomes for the geriatric surgical fracture population. Frailty is increasingly recognized as a risk assessment to capture complexity. The goal of this study was to use a short screening tool, the FRAIL scale, to categorize the level of frailty of older adults admitted with a fracture to determine the association of each frailty category with postoperative and 30-day outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864698/development-and-validation-of-the-fracture-risk-scale-frs-that-predicts-fracture-over-a-1-year-time-period-in-institutionalised-frail-older-people-living-in-canada-an-electronic-record-linked-longitudinal-cohort-study
#6
George Ioannidis, Micaela Jantzi, Jenn Bucek, Jonathan D Adachi, Lora Giangregorio, John Hirdes, Laura Pickard, Alexandra Papaioannou
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate our Fracture Risk Scale (FRS) over a 1-year time period, using the long-term care (LTC) Resident Assessment Instrument Minimum Data Set Version 2.0 (RAI-MDS 2.0). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: LTC homes in Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults who were admitted to LTC and received a RAI-MDS 2.0 admission assessment between 2006 and 2010. RESULTS: A total of 29 848 LTC residents were enrolled in the study...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860404/the-changing-face-of-fractures-of-the-hip-in-northern-ireland-a-15-year-review
#7
A Tucker, K J Donnelly, S McDonald, J Craig, A P Foster, J D Acton
AIMS: We reviewed all patients who sustained a fracture of the hip and were treated in Northern Ireland over a period of 15 years to identify trends in incidence, the demographics of the patients, the rates of mortality, the configuration of the fracture and the choice of implant. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Since 01 January 2001 data about every fracture of the hip sustained in an adult have been collected centrally in Northern Ireland. All adults with such a fracture between 2000 and 2015 were included in the study...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836493/developing-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-package-following-hip-fracture-and-testing-in-a-randomised-feasibility-study-fracture-in-the-elderly-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-femur
#8
Nefyn H Williams, Jessica L Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Joanna M Charles, Nicola Totton, Michelle Williams, Kevin Mawdesley, Claire A Hawkes, Val Morrison, Andrew Lemmey, Rhiannon T Edwards, Zoe Hoare, Aaron W Pritchard, Robert T Woods, Swapna Alexander, Catherine Sackley, Pip Logan, Clare Wilkinson, Jo Rycroft-Malone
BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral fracture is a major health problem in old age, with annual UK health and social care costs of £2.3B. Rehabilitation has the potential to maximise functional recovery and maintain independent living, but evidence of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To develop an enhanced community-based rehabilitation package following surgical treatment for proximal femoral fracture and to assess acceptability and feasibility for a future definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT) and economic evaluation...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828063/analysis-of-pelvic-fracture-pattern-and-overall-orthopaedic-injury-burden-in-children-sustaining-pelvic-fractures-based-on-skeletal-maturity
#9
M K Shaath, K L Koury, P D Gibson, V M Lelkes, J S Hwang, J A Ippolito, M R Adams, M S Sirkin, M C Reilly
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review pelvic fractures and concomitant orthopaedic injuries in children who have a patent triradiate cartilage (TRO) compared with children whose triradiate cartilage has closed (TRC). We hypothesise that these injuries will differ, leading to correlated alterations in management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a database, we retrospectively reviewed patients aged below 18 years with pelvic fractures presenting to our Level 1 trauma center...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827264/patient-and-system-factors-of-time-to-surgery-after-hip-fracture-a-scoping-review
#10
Katie J Sheehan, Boris Sobolev, Yuri F Villán Villán, Pierre Guy
OBJECTIVES: It is disputed whether the time a patient waits for surgery after hip fracture increases the risk of in-hospital death. This uncertainty matters as access to surgery following hip fracture may be underprioritised due to a lack of definitive evidence. Uncertainty in the available evidence may be due to differences in characteristics of patients, their injury and their care. We summarised the literature on patients and system factors associated with time to surgery, and collated proposed mechanisms for the associations...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802416/accuracy-of-valgus-osteotomy-using-dynamic-hip-screw
#11
Sunil G Kulkarni, G S Kulkarni, Sushrut Babhulkar, Milind G Kulkarni, Ruta M Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: Non-union of neck femur is a common but difficult situation to manage especially in young adults. There are two main options of arthroplasty or osteotomy. The aim of this study was to assess the results of intertrochanteric valgus osteotomy in non-union femoral neck fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present a study of 44 cases of neck femur non-union including untreated fractures, late presentations (more than 3 weeks), treated with compression screw, DHS...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790912/associations-of-childhood-and-adulthood-cognition-with-bone-mineral-density-in-later-adulthood-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#12
Rebecca Bendayan, Diana Kuh, Rachel Cooper, Stella Muthuri, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Judith Adams, Kate Ward, Marcus Richards
This study explores the association between cognitive ability in childhood and midlife and bone health outcomes in early old age; and the relationships of these bone measures with contemporaneous and subsequent cognitive ability in the MRC National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD). This British birth cohort assessed areal and volumetric bone mineral density (aBMD and vBMD) at age 60-64, derived from peripheral quantitative computed tomography and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and cognitive performance from childhood to age 69, among 866 women and 792 men...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776209/potentially-inappropriate-medications-and-the-time-to-full-functional-recovery-after-hip-fracture
#13
Andrea Iaboni, Kerri Rawson, Craig Burkett, Eric J Lenze, Alastair J Flint
BACKGROUND: Older adults after hip fracture are at increased risk of being prescribed potentially inappropriate medications, and may be particularly vulnerable to their adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association of potentially inappropriate medication use with the time to full functional recovery within 1 year of hip fracture repair. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of a prospective longitudinal study of eight hospitals in St...
August 3, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774657/prevalence-of-rheumatic-diseases-in-adult-population-in-spain-episer-2016-study-aims-and-methodology
#14
Daniel Seoane-Mato, Carlos Sánchez-Piedra, Lucía Silva-Fernández, Francisca Sivera, Francisco J Blanco, Fernando Pérez Ruiz, Antonio Juan-Mas, José M Pego-Reigosa, Javier Narváez, Neus Quilis Martí, Raúl Cortés Verdú, Fred Antón-Pagés, Víctor Quevedo Vila, Laura Garrido Courel, Natividad Del Val Del Amo, Inmaculada Paniagua Zudaire, Gustavo Añez Sturchio, Fermín Medina Varo, María Del Mar Ruiz Tudela, Antonio Romero Pérez, Javier Ballina, Anahy Brandy García, Dolores Fábregas Canales, Teresa Font Gayá, Carolina Bordoy Ferrer, Beatriz González Álvarez, Laura Casas Hernández, Fátima Álvarez Reyes, Mónica Delgado Sánchez, Cristina Martínez Dubois, Simón Ángel Sánchez-Fernández, Luisa Marena Rojas Vargas, Paula Virginia García Morales, Alejandro Olivé, Paula Rubio Muñoz, Marta Larrosa, Noemí Navarro Ricos, Eduard Graell Martín, Eugenio Chamizo, Lara Chaves Chaparro, Sara Rojas Herrera, Jordi Pons Dolset, Miguel Ángel Polo Ostariz, Susana Ruiz-Alejos Garrido, Cristina Macía Villa, Ana Cruz Valenciano, María Luisa González Gómez, Mercedes Morcillo Valle, Deseada Palma Sánchez, María José Moreno Martínez, Marta Mayor González, Joana Atxotegi Sáenz de Buruaga, Irati Urionagüena Onaindia, Boris Anthony Blanco Cáceres, Federico Díaz-González, Sagrario Bustabad
AIMS: To describe the methodology of the EPISER 2016 (study of the prevalence of rheumatic diseases in adult population in Spain), as well its strengths and limitations. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjögren's syndrome (SS), osteoarthritis (knee, hip, hands, and cervical and lumbar spine), fibromyalgia, gout and clinical osteoporotic fracture...
July 31, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769558/lower-serum-p1np-%C3%AE-ctx-ratio-and-hypoalbuminemia-are-independently-associated-with-osteoporotic-nonvertebral-fractures-in-older-adults
#15
Alexander Fisher, Wichat Srikusalanukul, Leon Fisher, Paul N Smith
PURPOSE: To estimate the discriminative value of serum P1NP/βCTX ratio and albumin levels in hospitalized orthogeriatric patients with and without nonvertebral fractures. METHODS: In 1,239 orthogeriatric patients (mean age 78.1±9.52 years, 69.1% women) including 854 (68.9%) with osteoporotic nonvertebral fractures (455 [36.7%] with hip fracture [HF]) and 385 (31.1%) without fractures, markers of bone formation (procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide [P1NP], osteocalcin [OC], and bone resorption (beta-C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type 1 collagen [βCTX]), indices of mineral metabolism, and parameters of liver and renal functions were assessed; data on clinical and laboratory characteristics were collected prospectively...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758848/double-plating-fixation-of-comminuted-femoral-shaft-fractures-with-concomitant-thoracic-trauma
#16
Tao Cheng, Ronggang Xia, Xiaoyu Yan, Congfeng Luo
Objective This study was performed to evaluate the clinical outcomes in adult polytraumatized patients with thoracic injury and femoral shaft fractures treated with double-plating fixation. Methods From November 2010 to October 2014, 15 polytraumatized patients with femoral shaft fractures were enrolled in this retrospective study. Radiographic findings and functional outcomes were assessed at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Results Fourteen (93%) of the 15 femoral shaft fractures achieved bony union, with a mean time to union of 9...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736795/identifying-characteristics-and-outcomes-that-are-associated-with-fall-related-fatalities-multi-year-retrospective-summary-of-fall-deaths-in-older-adults-from-2005-2012
#17
Sara M Deprey, Lynda Biedrzycki, Kristine Klenz
BACKGROUND: Fall-related deaths continue to be the leading cause of accidental deaths in the older adult (65+ year) population. However, many fall-related fatalities are unspecified and little is known about the fall characteristics and personal demographics at the time of the fall. Therefore, this report describes the characteristics, circumstances and injuries of falls that resulted in older adult deaths in one U.S. County and explores the variables associated with fatal injuries from falls...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730395/dynamic-hip-screw-and-fibular-strut-graft-for-fixation-of-fresh-femoral-neck-fracture-with-posterior-comminution
#18
Adham Elgeidi, Abed El Negery, M Serry Abdellatif, Nabil El Moghazy
INTRODUCTION: Posterior comminution of the femoral neck fracture is a major cause of delayed and non-union owing to the loss of the buttressing effect against the posterior rotation. When a femoral neck fracture with posterior comminution is anatomically reduced, only the anterior portions of the femoral neck fracture surfaces are brought into contact leaving a posterior defect. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of fibular strut grafting and dynamic hip screw (DHS) for fresh femoral neck fractures with posterior comminution in young patient less than 50 years...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722691/structural-basis-of-bone-fragility-in-young-subjects-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-high-resolution-pqct-study-of-the-swiss-ibd-cohort-sibdc
#19
Jessica Pepe, Sophie Zawadynski, Francois R Herrmann, Pascal Juillerat, Pierre Michetti, Sylvie Ferrari-Lacraz, Dominique Belli, Osman Ratib, René Rizzoli, Thierry Chevalley, Serge L Ferrari
BACKGROUND: The onset of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during childhood/adolescence compromises peak bone mass acquisition and predisposes to fractures later in life. However, the structural basis for bone fragility in young adults with IBD remains unknown. METHODS: One hundred two young subjects from the Swiss IBD cohort were included. Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) at distal radius, hip, and spine as well as morphometric vertebral fractures were assessed using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry technique...
August 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712877/bone-mass-microarchitecture-and-strength-are-influenced-by-race-ethnicity-in-young-adult-men-and-women
#20
Kristin L Popp, Julie M Hughes, Adriana Martinez-Betancourt, Matthew Scott, Victoria Turkington, Signe Caksa, Katelyn I Guerriere, Kathryn E Ackerman, Chun Xu, Ginu Unnikrishnan, Jaques Reifman, Mary L Bouxsein
Lower rates of fracture in both Blacks compared to Whites, and men compared to women are not completely explained by differences in bone mineral density (BMD). Prior evidence suggests that more favorable cortical bone microarchitecture may contribute to reduced fracture rates in older Black compared to White women, however it is not known whether these differences are established in young adulthood or develop during aging. Moreover, prior studies using high-resolution pQCT (HR-pQCT) have reported outcomes from a fixed-scan location, which may confound sex- and race/ethnicity-related differences in bone structure...
July 13, 2017: Bone
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