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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515907/factors-influencing-risky-single-occasion-drinking-in-canada-and-policy-implications
#1
Ellen Rafferty, William Ian Andrew Bonner, Jillian Code, Keely McBride, Mustafa Andkhoie, Richa Tikoo, Stephanie McClean, Colleen Dell, Michael Szafron, Marwa Farag
BACKGROUND: Misuse of alcohol, including single risky occasion drinking (RSOD) is associated with a number of health, social and economic consequences. While research demonstrates that many factors contribute to individuals' drinking practices, little is known about risk factors that contribute to RSOD in the Canadian population. The objectives of this study are to examine the patterns of RSOD in Canada, to identify factors associated with RSOD, and to explore policy implications. METHODS: The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2009-2010 annual component was used to conduct all the analyses in this paper...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513819/sun-exposure-sun-protection-and-sunburn-among-canadian-adults
#2
Lauren Pinault, Vitali Fioletov
BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure and a history of sunburn are important risk factors for skin cancer. Sunburn is more common among men, younger age groups, and people in higher income households. Sun protection measures also vary by sex, age, and socioeconomic characteristics. Associations between ambient UVR and sunburn and sun safety measures have not been quantified. DATA AND METHODS: A total of 53,130 respondents aged 18 or older answered a Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) module on sun safety, which was administered in six provinces from 2005 to 2014...
May 17, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481260/a-novel-method-of-aircraft-detection-based-on-high-resolution-panchromatic-optical-remote-sensing-images
#3
Wensheng Wang, Ting Nie, Tianjiao Fu, Jianyue Ren, Longxu Jin
In target detection of optical remote sensing images, two main obstacles for aircraft target detection are how to extract the candidates in complex gray-scale-multi background and how to confirm the targets in case the target shapes are deformed, irregular or asymmetric, such as that caused by natural conditions (low signal-to-noise ratio, illumination condition or swaying photographing) and occlusion by surrounding objects (boarding bridge, equipment). To solve these issues, an improved active contours algorithm, namely region-scalable fitting energy based threshold (TRSF), and a corner-convex hull based segmentation algorithm (CCHS) are proposed in this paper...
May 6, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459825/patterns-of-analgesic-use-to-relieve-tooth-pain-among-residents-in-british-columbia-canada
#4
Jamie Moeller, Julie Farmer, Carlos Quiñonez
The use of prescription opioids has increased dramatically in Canada in recent decades. This rise in opioid prescriptions has been accompanied by increasing rates of opioid-related abuse and addiction, creating serious public health challenges in British Columbia (BC), one of Canada's most populated provinces. Our study explores the relationship between dental pain and prescription opioid use among residents in BC. We used data from the 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), which asked respondents about their use of specific analgesic medications, including opioids, and their history of tooth pain in the past month...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433712/common-phox2b-poly-alanine-contractions-impair-ret-gene-transcription-predisposing-to-hirschsprung-disease
#5
Eleonora Di Zanni, Annalisa Adamo, Elga Belligni, Margherita Lerone, Giuseppe Martucciello, Girolamo Mattioli, Alessio Pini Prato, Roberto Ravazzolo, Margherita Silengo, Tiziana Bachetti, Isabella Ceccherini
HSCR is a congenital disorder of the enteric nervous system, characterized by the absence of neurons along a variable length of the gut resulting from loss-of-function RET mutations. Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS) is a rare neurocristopathy characterized by impaired response to hypercapnia and hypoxemia caused by heterozygous mutations of the PHOX2B gene, mostly polyalanine (polyA) expansions but also missense, nonsense, and frameshift mutations, while polyA contractions are common in the population and believed neutral...
April 20, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432371/impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-occupational-health-outcomes-in-canada
#6
Anson Kc Li, Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that diabetes mellitus (DM) has a negative impact on employment and workplace injury, but there is little data within the Canadian context. OBJECTIVE: To determine if DM has an impact on various occupational health outcomes using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). METHODS: CCHS data between 2001 and 2014 were used to assess the relationships between DM and various occupational health outcomes. The final sample size for the 14-year study period was 505 606, which represented 159 432 239 employed Canadians aged 15-75 years during this period...
April 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415851/over-education-and-well-being-how-does-education-occupation-mismatch-affect-the-life-satisfaction-of-university-educated-immigrant-and-non-immigrant-workers
#7
Kristyn Frank, Feng Hou
OBJECTIVE: The increased migration of skilled workers has resulted in a focus on the economic costs of their unsuccessful labor market integration. Few studies investigate the consequences of employment difficulties on immigrants' well-being. Researchers studying over-education and life satisfaction tend to only examine the general population despite high levels of over-education among skilled immigrants. This study examines the relationship between over-education and life satisfaction among both immigrant and native-born workers in Canada...
April 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402801/measuring-positive-mental-health-in-canada-construct-validation-of-the-mental-health-continuum-short-form
#8
Heather Orpana, Julie Vachon, Jennifer Dykxhoorn, Gayatri Jayaraman
INTRODUCTION: Positive mental health is increasingly recognized as an important focus for public health policies and programs. In Canada, the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) was identified as a promising measure to include on population surveys to measure positive mental health. It proposes to measure a three-factor model of positive mental health including emotional, social and psychological well-being. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the MHC-SF is an adequate measure of positive mental health for Canadian adults...
April 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371199/nonsense-pathogenic-variants-in-exon-1-of-phox2b-lead-to-translational-reinitiation-in-congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome
#9
Jacob T Cain, Dae I Kim, Megan Quast, Winnie G Shivega, Ryan J Patrick, Chuanpit Moser, Suzanne Reuter, Myrza Perez, Angela Myers, Jill M Weimer, Kyle J Roux, Megan Landsverk
Pathogenic variants in PHOX2B lead to congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS), a rare disorder of the nervous system characterized by autonomic dysregulation and hypoventilation typically presenting in the neonatal period, although a milder late-onset (LO) presentation has been reported. More than 90% of cases are caused by polyalanine repeat mutations (PARMs) in the C-terminus of the protein; however non-polyalanine repeat mutations (NPARMs) have been reported. Most NPARMs are located in exon 3 of PHOX2B and result in a more severe clinical presentation including Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) and/or peripheral neuroblastic tumors (PNTs)...
May 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356171/a-case-of-abnormally-abnormal-hypoxic-ventilatory-responses-a-novel-nparm-phox2b-gene-mutation
#10
Stefan A Unger, Maude Guillot, Donald S Urquhart
Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare disorder associated with dysregulation of the autonomic ventilatory response to hypoxia and hypercarbia usually caused by polyalanine repeat expansion mutations in the PHOX2B gene. Non-polyalanine repeat mutations (NPARM) represent approximately 10% of cases, and usually require continuous ventilation during sleep, although our knowledge of disease progression is limited. Here we present a case with a novel NPARMCCHS mutation associated with a premature stop codon for the PHOX2B protein...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346028/prevalence-and-associated-factors-for-self-reported-asthma-in-a-canadian-population-the-canadian-community-health-survey-2014
#11
Luan M Chu, Punam Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Asthma prevalence is increasing among adults, yet limited information regarding the association between adult asthma and environmental and personal exposures is available using large nationally representative population-based survey. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of asthma and associated factors for self-reported asthma in a Canadian population aged 12 years and older by using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2014 cross-sectional cohort...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339852/relationship-between-back-pain-and-urinary-incontinence-in-the-canadian-population
#12
Tanner Cassidy, Amanda Fortin, Stephanie Kaczmer, Jessica T L Shumaker, Jessica Szeto, Stéphanie J Madill
Background: Back problems and urinary incontinence (UI) have been found to co-occur more frequently than would be predicted by chance. Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the associations between UI and back problems in the Canadian men and women. Design: This was an observational, cross-sectional study. Methods: The 2011-2012 Statistics Canada Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) provided the data. The CCHS surveyed 125,645 adults, providing a representative sample of the Canadian population...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260600/trends-in-population-blood-pressure-and-determinant-factors-for-population-blood-pressure
#13
Ulla Overgaard Andersen
Strategies to reduce the burden of blood pressure attributable diseases require knowledge of secular trend in PBP and its determinants. The issues were investigated in the Copenhagen City Heart Study. The design of CCHS is a repeated measures study. Such designs are uniquely suited to studying changes of an outcome and what risk factors may be associated with that outcome. Repeated measures studies are very well suited for trend analysis by using mixed effect analyses. SBP decreased about 2 mmHg in 25 years...
March 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182630/traffic-light-labels-could-reduce-population-intakes-of-calories-total-fat-saturated-fat-and-sodium
#14
Teri E Emrich, Ying Qi, Wendy Y Lou, Mary R L'Abbe
Traffic-light labelling has been proposed as a public health intervention to improve the dietary intakes of consumers. OBJECTIVES: to model the potential impact of avoiding foods with red traffic lights on the label on the energy, total fat, saturated fat, sodium, and sugars intakes of Canadian adults. METHODS: Canadian adults aged 19 and older (n = 19,915) who responded to the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), Cycle 2.2. The nutrient levels in foods consumed by Canadians in CCHS were profiled using the United Kingdom's criteria for traffic light labelling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167437/health-status-health-related-behaviours-and-chronic-health-indicators-in-people-with-tourette-syndrome-a-canadian-population-based-study
#15
Jaeun Yang, Lauren Hirsch, Sydney Osland, Davide Martino, Nathalie Jette, Jodie I Roberts, Tamara Pringsheim
Tourette Syndrome (TS) is a childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorder. The objective of this study was to compare self-perceived health status, health-related behaviours, and chronic health conditions in individuals with and without TS using population-based data. Data were derived from Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2010 and 2011 cycles. The CCHS is a national population-based cross-sectional survey that collects information related to health status for Canadians. We evaluated the association between TS and self-perceived health, health related behaviours and chronic health conditions...
February 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115003/normal-sleep-on-mechanical-ventilation-in-adult-patients-with-congenital-central-alveolar-hypoventilation-ondine-s-curse-syndrome
#16
Valérie Attali, Christian Straus, Michel Pottier, Marie-Annick Buzare, Capucine Morélot-Panzini, Isabelle Arnulf, Thomas Similowski
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the sleep structure (especially slow wave sleep) in adults with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS), a rare genetic disease due to mutations in the PHOX2B gene. Fourteen patients aged 23 (19.0; 24.8) years old (median [1(rst)-3rd quartiles]) with CCHS underwent a sleep interview and night-time attended polysomnography with their ventilatory support. Their sleep variables were compared to those collected in 15 healthy control subjects matched for age, sex and body mass index...
January 23, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098916/depression-and-suicidal-ideation-among-canadians-aged-15-to-24
#17
Leanne Findlay
BACKGROUND: Among Canadians aged 15 to 24, the rate of depression is higher than at any other age, and suicide is the second leading cause of death. The current study provides detailed information about depression and suicidal ideation among young Canadians, including their use of mental health support. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH) were used to describe rates and experiences of depression and suicidal ideation among Canadians aged 15 to 24, including psychosocial characteristics of those who had depression or reported suicidal thoughts...
January 18, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070480/central-congenital-hypoventilation-syndrome-associated-with-hypoglycemia-and-seizure
#18
Emily Hopkins, James Stark, Ricardo A Mosquera
Central Congenital Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS) is a rare diagnosis that presents with various forms of autonomic dysfunction. The disease is characterized by reduced chemoreflexes and severe hypoventilation during sleep. Several case reports have noted that patients with CCHS have been found to suffer from hypoglycemic episodes, which frequently present as a seizure. In this report, we will review previous case presentations to alert the physicians about this association with hypoglycemic episodes. Early treatment and monitoring of hypoglycemia will prevent further complications for these populations...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063943/genetic-variation-in-wrn-and-ischemic-stroke-general-population-studies-and-meta-analyses
#19
Mette Christoffersen, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Børge G Nordestgaard, Anne Tybjærg-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Werner syndrome, a premature genetic aging syndrome, shares many clinical features reminiscent of normal physiological aging, and ischemic vascular disease is a frequent cause of death. We tested the hypothesis that genetic variation in the WRN gene was associated with risk of ischemic vascular disease in the general population. METHODS: We included 58,284 participants from two general population cohorts, the Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS) and the Copenhagen General Population Study (CGPS)...
January 4, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054205/the-social-and-spatial-patterning-of-life-stress-among-immigrants-in-canada
#20
Lu Wang, Elmer Lara Palacios
While much literature has examined immigrants' health in Canada, less attention has focused specifically on the life stress, an important yet understudied post-migration challenge which may lead to poor coping strategies and negative health consequences. For this study, the pooled 2009-2014 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) was analyzed, using multilevel logistic regression to examine the compositional effects (at an individual level) and areal effects (at a CMA/CA level) on reported high life stress...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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