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Ben J Stenson
Five randomized controlled trials comparing lower (85-89%) versus higher (91-95%) pulse oximeter saturation (SpO2) targets for extremely preterm infants have now been reported from the United States of America, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand. These trials included more than 4,800 infants, and they provide robust evidence to permit comparison of these target ranges and consider the next steps for clinicians and researchers. The lower SpO2 range was associated with a significant increase in the risk of death...
2016: Neonatology
Jing-Yang Li, Zhen-Lang Lin, Jia Wei, Yan-Yan Yan, Jin Lin
OBJECTIVE: To explore an optimal oxygen saturation for extremely preterm infants based on a systemic review of the published studies. METHODS: A Meta analysis of the published studies by the NeOProM Group which compared the outcomes of extremely preterm infants (gestational age <28 weeks) maintained in either a low (85%-89%) or high (91%-95%) oxygen saturation (SpO2) by using the STATA 12.0. The outcomes measured included the mortality and the incidences of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), necrotizing enterocolitis of newborn (NEC), broncho-pulmonary dysplasia (BPD), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)...
February 2015: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Ola Didrik Saugstad, Dagfinn Aune
BACKGROUND: The optimal oxygen saturation for extremely low birth weight infants in the postnatal period beyond the delivery room is not known. OBJECTIVES: To summarize and discuss the results of the randomized trials, constituting the NEOPROM (Neonatal Oxygenation Prospective Meta-analysis) collaborative study, examining the effect of low versus high functional oxygen saturation targets in the postnatal period in premature infants with gestational age <28 weeks...
2014: Neonatology
Brian William Fleck
While current management of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is well evidenced, the recent Neonatal Oxygenation Prospective Meta-analysis (NeoPROM) oxygen therapy trials, and the Bevacizumab Eliminates the Angiogenic Threat of Retinopathy of Prematurity (BEAT-ROP) trial of intravitreal injection bevacizumab, have reopened debate on optimal management. Early postnatal manipulation of oxygen therapy, nutrition and serum IGF 1 levels may improve early retinal blood vessel development and prevent later severe ROP...
September 2013: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Lisa M Askie, Peter Brocklehurst, Brian A Darlow, Neil Finer, Barbara Schmidt, William Tarnow-Mordi
BACKGROUND: The appropriate level of oxygenation for extremely preterm neonates (<28 weeks' gestation) to maximise the greatest chance of survival, without incurring significant morbidity, remains unknown. Infants exposed to lower levels of oxygen (targeting oxygen saturations of <90%) in the first weeks of life are at increased risk of death, cerebral palsy, patent ductus arteriosus, pulmonary vascular resistance and apnoea, whilst those maintained in higher levels of oxygen (targeting oxygen saturations of >90%) have been reported to have greater rates of morbidity including retinopathy of prematurity and chronic lung disease...
2011: BMC Pediatrics
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