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Chemical luminescence

A Król, P Pomastowski, K Rafińska, V Railean-Plugaru, B Buszewski
Zinc oxide (ZnO), as a material with attractive properties, has attracted great interest worldwide, particularly owing to the implementation of the synthesis of nano-sized particles. High luminescent efficiency, a wide band gap (3.36eV), and a large exciton binding energy (60meV) has triggered intense research on the production of nanoparticles using different synthesis methods and on their future applications. ZnO nanomaterials can be used in industry as nano-optical and nano-electrical devices, in food packaging and in medicine as antimicrobial and antitumor agents...
August 26, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Shilpi Kushwaha, Arunava Maity, Monalisa Gangopadhyay, Sapna Ravindranathan, Pattuparambil R Rajamohanan, Amitava Das
A unique fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) process is found to be operational in a unilamellar lipid self-assembly in the aqueous phase. A newly synthesized naphthyl based long chain lipid derivative [N-(naphthalene-1-ylmethyl)tetradecane-1-ammonium chloride, 14NA+] forms various self-assembled architectures in the aqueous phase. Controlled changes in lipid concentration lead to a transition of the self-assemblies from micelles to vesicles to rods. In the presence of cucurbit[7]uril (CB7), 14NA+ forms a host-guest [2]pseudorotaxane complex (CB7∋14NA+) and secondary interactions lead to the formation of a lipid bilayer with hydrophobic pockets situated in between the layers...
September 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Margot Loussouarn, Anja Krieger-Liszkay, Ljubica Svilar, Antoine Bily, Simona Birtic, Michel Havaux
Carnosic acid, a phenolic diterpene specific of the Lamiaceae family, is highly abundant in rosemary species. Despite numerous industrial and medicinal/pharmaceutical applications of its antioxidative features, this compound in planta and its antioxidant mechanism have received little attention, except a few studies of rosemary plants under natural conditions. In vitro analyses, using HPLC-UV and luminescence imaging, revealed that carnosic acid and its major oxidized derivative, carnosol, protect lipids from oxidation...
September 15, 2017: Plant Physiology
Feng Liu, Yaohong Zhang, Chao Ding, Syuusuke Kobayashi, Takuya Izuishi, Naoki Nakazawa, Taro Toyoda, Takeshi Ohta, Shuzi Hayase, Takashi Minemoto, Kenji Yoshino, Songyuan Dai, Qing Shen
Perovskite quantum dots (QDs) as a new type of colloidal nanocrystals have gained significant attention for both fundamental research and commercial applications owing to their appealing optoelectronic properties and excellent chemical processability. For their wide range of potential applications, synthesizing colloidal QDs with high crystal quality is of crucial importance. However, like most common QD systems such as CdSe and PbS, those reported perovskite QDs still suffer from a certain density of trapping defects, giving rise to detrimental non-radiative recombination centers and thus quenching luminescence...
September 14, 2017: ACS Nano
Atul D Sontakke, Alban Ferrier, Pauline Burner, Vinicius Ferraz Guimarães, Mathieu Salaun, Vincent Maurel, Isabelle Gautier-Luneau, Alain Ibanez, Bruno Viana
Wet-chemically synthesized amorphous yttrium-aluminum-borates (a-YAB) exhibit intense visible photoluminescence (PL). Preliminary investigations revealed a correlation of PL with the presence of carbon-related impurities; however their exact nature is still under investigation. These powders also exhibit afterglow luminescence that lasts for several seconds at room-temperature (RT). A comparison with persistent phosphors and phosphorescent dye revealed that the afterglow in a-YAB is a phosphorescence phenomenon and not the persistence luminescence, which is more common in inorganic solids...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Olga Nazarenko, Martin Robert Kotyrba, Michael Wörle, Eduardo Cuervo-Reyes, Sergii Yakunin, Maksym V Kovalenko
Interest in hybrid organic-inorganic lead halide compounds with perovskite-like two-dimensional crystal structures is growing due to the unique electronic and optoelectronic properties of these compounds. Herein, we demonstrate the synthesis, thermal and optical properties, and calculations of the electronic band structures for one- and two-layer compounds comprising both cesium and guanidinium cations: Cs[C(NH2)3]PbI4 (I), Cs[C(NH2)3]PbBr4 (II), and Cs2[C(NH2)3]Pb2Br7 (III). Compounds I and II exhibit intense photoluminescence at low temperatures, whereas compound III is emissive at room temperature...
September 12, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Christoph Nitsche, Mithun C Mahawaththa, Walter Becker, Thomas Huber, Gottfried Otting
Site-selective chemical protein modification is achieved by self-assembly of a specific di-cysteine motif, trivalent pnictogens (As, Sb or Bi) and an aromatic mercaptomethyl-based probe. The strategy is demonstrated with a quaternary complex involving Zika virus protease and a lanthanide ion, enabling paramagnetic nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and luminescence measurements.
September 11, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Xin Min, Minghao Fang, Haitao Liu, Yan'gai Liu, Xiaowen Wu, Zhaohui Huang
Novel silica nanowires and interconnected nanorings were firstly synthesized on a graphite paper by typical thermal catalytic chemical vapor deposition method, using silicon and carbon black powders as raw materials. The field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy were used to investigate the composition and structure characterization, which indicates that the silica nanowires and interconnected nanorings were amorphous...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Anna Woźniak, Bartosz F Grześkowiak, Nataliya Babayevska, Tomasz Zalewski, Monika Drobna, Marta Woźniak-Budych, Małgorzata Wiweger, Ryszard Słomski, Stefan Jurga
The chemical composition of nanoparticles (NPs) may be so designed as to provide measurability for numerous imaging techniques in order to achieve synergistic advantages. Innovative and unique structure of the core/shell ZnO@Gd2O3 NPs possesses luminescent and magnetic properties, and is expected that they will become a new generation of contrast agents for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and nanocarriers for theranostics. Thus, by surface biofunctionalization, it is possible to indicate particular nanoparticle compositions which provide efficient imaging, targeted drug delivery, and biocompatibility...
November 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Chung-Nga Ko, Chun Wu, Guodong Li, Chung-Hang Leung, Jin-Biao Liu, Dik-Lung Ma
The development of an efficient sensor for the determination of the DMSO content in aqueous solution is highly desirable in a number of chemical industries. Presented herein is a ferrocene-conjugated iridium(III) complex, which exhibits remarkable capability to detect traces of DMSO (<1% v/v) in aqueous solution through a turn-on luminescence sensing mechanism. The extraordinary sensitivity and selectivity of this newly developed complex for DMSO renders it as one of the most powerful DMSO sensors known.
September 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
Wenting Song, Lixia Zhao, Zhendong Sun, Xiaoxi Yang, Qunfang Zhou, Guibin Jiang
Contaminants of emerging concern are continuously increasing, which makes it important to develop high throughput screening techniques for the evaluation of their potential biological effects, especially endocrine disrupting effects, which would directly influence the population dynamics in environment. A novel competitive binding assay based on enzyme fragmentation complementation technology was established to screen the binding affinities of emerging chemicals for estrogen receptor (ER) α or β isoforms...
December 1, 2017: Talanta
Wen-Juan Li, Lan Chang, Qiao Liu, Di Ning, Xi-Yuan Yao, Yue Li, Wen-Juan Ruan
As novel fluorescent sensing materials, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have shown great potential in environmental monitoring. However, most of the researches are limited to traditional pollutants, while the application of MOFs to the detection of the pollutants with more complicated structures, such as endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), has rarely been explored. The difficulties faced in the sensing of EDCs include their electronic stability and the structural similarity among homologues, which could be overcome by the incorporation of enzymatic reaction...
August 23, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Tao Chen, Sha Yang, Jinsong Chai, Yongbo Song, Jiqiang Fan, Bo Rao, Hongting Sheng, Haizhu Yu, Manzhou Zhu
We report the first noble metal nanocluster with a formula of Au4Ag13(DPPM)3(SR)9 exhibiting crystallization-induced emission enhancement (CIEE), where DPPM denotes bis(diphenylphosphino)methane and HSR denotes 2,5-dimethylbenzenethiol. The precise atomic structure is determined by x-ray crystallography. The crystalline state of Au4Ag13 shows strong luminescence at 695 nm, in striking contrast to the weak emission of the amorphous state and hardly any emission in solution phase. The structural analysis and the density functional theory calculations imply that the compact C-H⋯π interactions significantly restrict the intramolecular rotations and vibrations and thus considerably enhance the radiative transitions in the crystalline state...
August 2017: Science Advances
Linzhong Wu, Huicheng Hu, Yong Xu, Shu Jiang, Min Chen, Qixuan Zhong, Di Yang, Qipeng Liu, Yun Zhao, Baoquan Sun, Qiao Zhang, Yadong Yin
We report a novel CsX-stripping mechanism that enables the efficient chemical transformation of nonluminescent Cs4PbX6 (X = Cl, Br, I) nanocrystals (NCs) to highly luminescent CsPbX3 NCs. During the transformation, Cs4PbX6 NCs dispersed in a nonpolar solvent are converted into CsPbX3 NCs by stripping CsX through an interfacial reaction with water in a different phase. This process takes advantage of the high solubility of CsX in water as well as the ionic nature and high ion diffusion property of Cs4PbX6 NCs, and produces monodisperse and air-stable CsPbX3 NCs with controllable halide composition, tunable emission wavelength covering the full visible range, narrow emission width, and high photoluminescent quantum yield (up to 75%)...
September 13, 2017: Nano Letters
Bin Liu, Xiaoran Deng, Zhongxi Xie, Ziyong Cheng, Piaoping Yang, Jun Lin
Oleic acid (OA) and/or oleylamine (OAm) are generally used as the surface ligands for stabilization of inorganic nanocrystals (NCs). The hydrophobic and inert surface of the NCs limits their applications such as in biomedical areas. Hence, surface modifications are essential in many physical and chemical processes. Here, a facile and versatile strategy is reported for the modification of NCs by ultraviolet-induced thiol-ene chemistry, in which thiol-terminated poly(ethylene glycol) (HSPEG) and its derivatives can react directly with double bonds in OA/OAm ligands to form covalent linking within one step...
August 10, 2017: Advanced Materials
Dongke Li, Yicheng Jiang, Jingjing Liu, Pei Zhang, Jun Xu, Wei Li, Kunji Chen
Here, we report the enhanced luminescence and optical gain by appropriate P doping in Si nanocrystals/SiO2 multilayers with ultra-small size of ~1.9nm. The luminescence intensity is enhanced by 19.4% comparing with that of un-doped one and the optical gain is as high as 171.8 cm-1, which can be attributed to the reduction of surface defect states by the passivation of P impurities as reveled by electron spin resonance spectra. Further increasing the P doping ratios results in the increase of conduction electrons due to the substitutionally doping of phosphorus into the Si NCs, which favors the Auger recombination process...
August 9, 2017: Nanotechnology
Izabela Koss-Mikołajczyk, Monika Baranowska, Jacek Namieśnik, Agnieszka Bartoszek
As soon as the role of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in so-called civilization diseases, which include non-infectious chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes or high blood pressure has been discovered, and the possibility of employing antioxidants as a remedy for these diseases have been proposed, scientists developed a broad spectrum of methods to determine antioxidant activity of pure chemicals and plant extracts, as well as dietary supplements. Most of these methods are based on simple redox reactions between antioxidant and ROS (for example ABTS, DPPH, or FRAP tests)...
July 30, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Yingxian Xue, Chengjie Ding, Youying Rong, Qiang Ma, Chengda Pan, E Wu, Botao Wu, Heping Zeng
Plasmonic enhancement induced by metallic nanostructures is an effective strategy to improve the upconversion efficiency of lanthanide-doped nanocrystals. It is demonstrated that plasmonic enhancement of the upconversion luminescence (UCL) of single NaYF4 :Yb(3+) /Er(3+) /Mn(2+) nanocrystal can be tuned by tailoring scattering and absorption cross sections of gold nanorods, which is synthesized wet chemically. The assembly of the single gold nanorod and single upconversion nanocrystal is achieved by the atomic force microscope probe manipulation...
August 7, 2017: Small
Hendrik C Swart
The important role of surface sensitive characterization techniques such as Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), X-ray photo electron spectroscopy (XPS), time of flight scanning ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) and High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) for the characterization of different phosphor materials is discussed in this short review by giving selective examples from previous obtained results. AES is used to monitor surface reactions during electron bombardment and also to determine the elemental composition of the surfaces of the materials, while XPS and TOF-SIMS are used for determining the surface chemical composition and valence state of the dopants...
August 4, 2017: Materials
Ye Du, Xiao-Tong Lv, Qian-Yuan Wu, Da-Yin Zhang, Yu-Ting Zhou, Lu Peng, Hong-Ying Hu
Chlorination is essential to the safety of reclaimed water; however, this process leads to concern regarding the formation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) and toxicity. This study reviewed the formation and control strategies for DBPs and toxicity in reclaimed water during chlorination. Both regulated and emerging DBPs have been frequently detected in reclaimed water during chlorination at a higher level than those in drinking water, indicating they pose a greater risk to humans. Luminescent bacteria and Daphnia magna acute toxicity, anti-estrogenic activity and cytotoxicity generally increased after chlorination because of the formation of DBPs...
August 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
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