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Chemical luminescence

Hisayoshi Daicho, Takeshi Iwasaki, Yu Shinomiya, Akitoshi Nakano, Hiroshi Sawa, Wataru Yamada, Satoru Matsuishi, Hideo Hosono
High luminescence efficiency is obtained in halide- and chalcogenide-based phosphors, but they are impractical because of their poor chemical durability. Here we report a halide-based nanocomposite phosphor with excellent luminescence efficiency and sufficient durability for practical use. Our approach was to disperse luminescent single nanocrystals of CaI2:Eu(2+) in a chemically stable, translucent crystalline SiO2 matrix. Using this approach, we successfully prepared a nanocomposite phosphor by means of self-organization through a simple solid-state reaction...
November 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
John K Delaney, Kathryn A Dooley, Roxanne Radpour, Ioanna Kakoulli
Macroscale multimodal chemical imaging combining hyperspectral diffuse reflectance (400-2500 nm), luminescence (400-1000 nm), and X-ray fluorescence (XRF, 2 to 25 keV) data, is uniquely equipped for noninvasive characterization of heterogeneous complex systems such as paintings. Here we present the first application of multimodal chemical imaging to analyze the production technology of an 1,800-year-old painting and one of the oldest surviving encaustic ("burned in") paintings in the world. Co-registration of the data cubes from these three hyperspectral imaging modalities enabled the comparison of reflectance, luminescence, and XRF spectra at each pixel in the image for the entire painting...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jing Ma, Bing Yan
This paper tries to prepare soft ionogels through the carboxyl ion liquid (IM(+)Br(-)) as double chemical linker connecting both Bio-MOF-1 (Zn8(ad)4(BPDC)6O·2Me2NH2, BPDC=biphenyl-4,4'-dicarboxylate, Ad = adeninate) and lanthanide complexes. Among anionic Bio-MOF-1 interacts with IM(+)Br(-) through cation exchange (IM(+)) to form BMOF-IM and lanthanide ions are further introduced through the coordination to the carboxylic group of IM(+) together with Phen (1,10-phenanthroline) as assistant ligand for Ln(3+) (Ln = Eu, Tb or Eu/Tb)...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Haiyun Yao, Guillaume Calvez, Carole Daiguebonne, Kevin Bernot, Yan Suffren, Marin Puget, Christophe Lescop, Olivier Guillou
Reaction of hexanuclear octahedral molecular precursors with a 3-chlorobenzoate ligand affords an unprecedented family of isostructural polylanthanide complexes via solvothermal and microwave-assisted syntheses in an acetonitrile medium. The general chemical formula of the compounds that constitute this series is {[Ln6(μ3-OH)2(H2O)2(NO3)2(3-cb)14]·(CH3CN)4}, where 3-cb(-) stands for 3-chlorobenzoate and Ln = Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, or Y. The crystal structure, solubility, and magnetic and luminescent properties of these complexes have been studied...
November 10, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Veerasamy Sathish, Arumugam Ramdass, Murugesan Velayudham, Kuang-Lieh Lu, Pounraj Thanasekaran, Seenivasan Rajagopal
The detection of chemical explosives is a major area of research interest and is essential for the military as well as homeland security to counter the catastrophic effects of global terrorism. In recent years, tremendous effort has been devoted to the development of luminescent materials for the detection of explosives in the vapor, solution, and solid states with a high degree of selectivity and sensitivity and a rapid response time. Apart from the wide range of organic fluorescent chemosensors, transition metal complexes play a prominent role in the sensing of nitroaromatic explosives owing to their rich photophysical characteristics...
November 10, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Szymon Chorazy, Maciej Wyczesany, Barbara Sieklucka
Solid-state functional luminescent materials arouse an enormous scientific interest due to their diverse applications in lighting, display devices, photonics, optical communication, low energy scintillation, optical storage, light conversion, or photovoltaics. Among all types of solid luminophors, the emissive coordination polymers, especially those based on luminescent trivalent lanthanide ions, exhibit a particularly large scope of light-emitting functionalities, fruitfully investigated in the aspects of chemical sensing, display devices, and bioimaging...
November 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Patrick T McColgan, Adil Meraki, Roman E Boltnev, David M Lee, Vladimir V Khmelenko
We studied the luminescence of molecular nitrogen nanoclusters containing stabilized nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen, and deuterium atoms. Optical spectra were observed during the destruction of these ensembles of nanoclusters accompanied by a rapid release of chemical energy stored in the samples. Several interesting features were observed including a broad band near λ ≈ 360 nm, which was identified as emission corresponding to 2Ag→1Ag transition of N4(D2h) polymeric nitrogen. Also the sharp lines at λ ∼ 336 and 473 nm were observed, and their assignments to ND radicals are discussed...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Jie Wang, Qinqin Ma, Haoyang Liu, Yingqian Wang, Haijing Shen, Xiaoxia Hu, Chao Ma, Quan Yuan, Weihong Tan
Persistent nanophosphors can remain luminescent after excitation ceases; thus, they offer a promising way to avoid background fluorescence interference in bioimaging. In this work, Zn2GeO4:Ga,Mn (ZGO:Ga,Mn) persistent luminescence nanoparticles were developed and they were employed for time-gated imaging of latent fingerprints (LFP). The nanoparticles were functionalized with a carboxyl group and utilized to label LFP through reacting with the amino group in the LFP. Results proved the potent ability of ZGO:Ga,Mn in eliminating background fluorescence to afford highly sensitive LFP imaging...
November 15, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Chi Hyun Ryoo, Illhun Cho, Jongseok Han, Jung-Hoon Yang, Ji Eon Kwon, Sehun Kim, Hyein Jeong, Changhee Lee, Soo Young Park
A series of indolo[3,2-b]indole (IDID) derivatives are designed as a novel structural platform for thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters. Intramolecular charge transfer (ICT)-type molecules consisting of IDID donor (D) and various acceptor (A) moieties are synthesized and characterized in the protocol of the systematical structure-property correlation. IDID derivatives exhibit high efficiency, prompt fluorescence as well as TADF with emission ranges tuned by the chemical structure of the acceptor units...
November 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jelena Föller, Christel Maria Marian
High-level quantum chemical calculations, presented in this letter, show that the unusual luminescence properties of the high-performance thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitter CMA1, observed recently by Di et al. [Science 2017, 356,159- 163], can be explained without resorting to the rotationally assisted spin-state inversion (RASI) mechanism proposed by these authors. Multiconfiguration and relativistic effects lead to fast and efficient thermal equilibration of the excited singlet and triplet populations of this linear gold complex even for co-planar orientations of the ligands...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
R Jason Kirby, Daniela B Divlianska, Kanupriya Whig, Nadezda Bryan, Camilo J Morfa, Ada Koo, Becky L Hood, Kevin H Nguyen, Patrick Maloney, Satayamaheshwar Peddibhotla, E Hampton Sessions, Paul M Hershberger, Layton H Smith, Siobhan Malany
Oxidative injury to cardiomyocytes plays a critical role in cardiac pathogenesis following myocardial infarction. Transplantation of stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes has recently progressed as a novel treatment to repair damaged cardiac tissue but its efficacy has been limited by poor survival of transplanted cells due to oxidative stress in the post-transplantation environment. Identification of small molecules that activate cardioprotective pathways to prevent oxidative damage and increase survival of stem cells post-transplantation is therefore of great interest to improve the efficacy of stem cell therapies...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Soumen Chandra, Angshuman Ray Chowdhuri, Dipranjan Laha, Sumanta Kumar Sahu
A facile and novel strategy to synthesize nitrogen- and phosphorous-doped carbon dots (NPCDs) by single step pyrolysis method is described here. Citric acid is used as carbon source and di-ammonium hydrogen phosphate is used as both nitrogen and phosphorous sources, respectively. Through the extensive study on optical properties, morphology and chemical structures of the synthesized NPCDs, it is found that as-synthesized NPCDs exhibited good excitation-dependent luminescence property, spherical morphology and high stability...
November 2, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Eric Omori Omwenga, Andreas Hensel, Susana Pereira, Alfred Anakalo Shitandi, Francisco M Goycoolea
Productions of various bacterial traits like production of virulence factors (e.g. toxins, enzymes), biofilm formation, luminescence among others, have been known to be controlled by quorum sensing (QS), a process that is dependent on chemical signals or autoinducers (AIs). Bacteria known to rely on such AIs are known to be virulent and tend to be resistant against various antimicrobial agents. Therefore, strategies aimed at the inhibition of QS pathways, are regarded as potential novel therapies in managing bacterial virulence hence reducing their ability to induce infections in humans...
2017: PloS One
F Bäppler, M Zimmer, F Dietrich, M Grupe, M Wallesch, D Volz, S Bräse, M Gerhards, R Diller
Understanding subtle aspects of photophysical behavior is the key to design and synthesize new and improved luminescent materials. We contribute to this with an in-depth photophysical characterization of the binuclear copper complex Cu(i)-NHetPHOS-tris-m-tolylphosphine (1), a member of a recently established emitter class for ultra-efficient, printed organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). To this end we studied 1 in solution and in solid form, i.e. neat film and KBr-pellet, by means of femtosecond time-resolved transient absorption/reflectivity, time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC), and nanosecond time-resolved step-scan FTIR spectroscopy...
November 8, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Wen-Jeng Ho, Yu-Tang Shen, Jheng-Jie Liu, Bang-Jin You, Chun-Hung Ho
This paper demonstrates the application of a broadband luminescent downshifting (LDS) layer with multiple species of europium (Eu)-doped silicate phosphors using spin-on film technique to enhance the photovoltaic efficiency of crystalline silicon solar cells. The surface morphology of the deposited layer was examined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The chemical composition of the Eu-doped silicate phosphors was analyzed using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The fluorescence emission of the Eu-doped silicate phosphors was characterized using photoluminescence (PL) measurements at room temperature...
October 21, 2017: Nanomaterials
Daisuke Satoh, Satoru Iwado, Satoshi Abe, Kanako Kazuki, Shinobu Wakuri, Mitsuo Oshimura, Yasuhiro Kazuki
The utility of HepG2 cells to assess drug metabolism and toxicity induced by chemical compounds is hampered by their low cytochrome P450 (CYP) activities. To overcome this limitation, we established HepG2 cell lines expressing major CYP enzymes involved in drug metabolism (CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4) and CYP oxidoreductase (POR) using the mammalian-derived artificial chromosome vector. Transchromosomic HepG2 (TC-HepG2) cells expressing four CYPs and POR were used to determine time- and concentration-dependent inhibition and toxicity of several compounds by luminescence detection of CYP-specific substrates and cell viability assays...
2017: PloS One
Guoxing Liu, Ying-Ming Zhang, Lu Zhang, Conghui Wang, Yu Liu
The precise control of molecular interaction and motion is a powerful strategy in the creation and development of intelligent materials. We demonstrate here a simple concept and approach to integrate intramolecular photochromic property with intermolecular aggregation-induced emission behaviors, with the aim to construct new type of photoswitchable luminescent materials. This strategy is realized by the dithienylethene-bridged bispyridinium salt as photochromic molecular rotor and their subsequent fabrication into optically functional materials is reported...
October 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Chin-Yi Tsai, Jyong-Di Lai, Shih-Wei Feng, Chien-Jung Huang, Chien-Hsun Chen, Fann-Wei Yang, Hsiang-Chen Wang, Li-Wei Tu
In this work, textured, well-faceted ZnO materials grown on planar Si(100), planar Si(111), and textured Si(100) substrates by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD) were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and cathode luminescence (CL) measurements. The results show that ZnO grown on planar Si(100), planar Si(111), and textured Si(100) substrates favor the growth of ZnO(110) ridge-like, ZnO(002) pyramid-like, and ZnO(101) pyramidal-tip structures, respectively...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Minakshi Ghate, H K Dahule, N Thejo Kalyani, S J Dhoble
A novel blue luminescent 6-chloro-2-(4-cynophenyl) substituted diphenyl quinoline (Cl-CN DPQ) organic phosphor has been synthesized by the acid-catalyzed Friedlander reaction and then characterized to confirm structural, optical and thermal properties. Structural properties of Cl-CN-DPQ were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction technique (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDAX) spectroscopy...
October 18, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Qi Ding, Xiaosong Zhang, Lan Li, Xiabing Lou, Jianping Xu, Ping Zhou, Ming Yan
Quantum dots (QDs) exhibit not only wide tunability of luminescence but also complex optical properties because of the large degree of freedom in their structure and chemical composition. Quaternary ZnxAgInSe QDs with different Zn/Ag ratios were synthesized and examined as temperature sensors. The relationship among the luminescence energy, emission intensity, and full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of the emission band at different temperatures was investigated. To understand the photoluminescence mechanism, time-resolved photoluminescence spectra were recorded...
August 7, 2017: Optics Express
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