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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862411/natural-and-artificial-hyperimmune-solutions-impact-on-health-in-puppies
#1
H Mila, A Grellet, C Mariani, A Feugier, B Guard, J Suchodolski, J Steiner, S Chastant-Maillard
Colostrum and milk are complex mammary secretions providing the puppy with many nutritional and immunological factors, which play a crucial role for its correct development and survival. In the case of colostrum and/or milk intake deficiency, puppies are at increased risk of infectious diseases. This work reviews the various nutritional hyperimmune supplementations proposed to provide a passive immune protection and to positively impact puppies' health. Some strategies rely on canine immunoglobulins: canine colostrum banking and canine serum/plasma supplementation...
November 15, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831549/establishing-an-integrated-human-milk-banking-approach-to-strengthen-newborn-care
#2
A DeMarchis, K Israel-Ballard, Kimberly Amundson Mansen, C Engmann
The provision of donor human milk can significantly reduce morbidity and mortality among vulnerable infants and is recommended by the World Health Organization as the next best option when a mother's own milk is unavailable. Regulated human milk banks can meet this need, however, scale-up has been hindered by the absence of an appropriate model for resource-limited settings and a lack of policy support for human milk banks and for the operational procedures supporting them. To reduce infant mortality, human milk banking systems need to be scaled up and integrated with other components of newborn care...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801820/a-comparison-of-nutritional-antioxidant-content-in-breast-milk-donor-milk-and-infant-formulas
#3
Corrine Hanson, Elizabeth Lyden, Jeremy Furtado, Matthew Van Ormer, Ann Anderson-Berry
Human milk is the optimal food for human infants, including infants born prematurely. In the event that a mother of a hospitalized infant cannot provide breast milk, donor milk is considered an acceptable alternative. It is known that the macronutrient composition of donor milk is different than human milk, with variable fat content and protein content. However, much less is known about the micronutrient content of donor milk, including nutritional antioxidants. Samples of breast milk from 12 mothers of infants hospitalized in the Newborn Intensive Care Unit until were collected and analyzed for concentrations of nutritional antioxidants, including α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, lutein + zeaxanthin, retinol, and α-tocopherol...
October 28, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795455/blood-soy-milk-and-vitality-the-wartime-origins-of-blood-banking-in-china-1943-45
#4
Wayne Soon
This article examines the multiple meanings of blood transfusion and banking in modern China through the history of the first Chinese blood bank, established by the Overseas Chinese in 1943 to solicit blood for the war effort. Through investigating the attitudes of Chinese soldiers and civilians toward the blood bank, this article argues for the multiplicity of motivations underpinning society's attitudes toward blood banking and donation. Cultural notions of blood were an important but not the sole factor in their consideration...
2016: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777185/problems-associated-with-the-microbiological-control-of-the-breast-milk-from-hospital-milk-bank-units
#5
Didier Lecointe, Jade Assoukpa, Lauriane Cezard, Carole Descaves, Armelle Gouot, Sandrine Bourgeois, Monique Bergeon, Stéphane Koutcherenko, Yasmine Lakhdari, Noura Kassidi
The microbiological tests on breast milk performed when samples of pasteurized breast milk are added to hospital milk banks are covered by French regulations dating from December 3(rd) 2007. They involve counts of the aerobic total flora and of Staphylococcus aureus in a sample of milk before pasteurization, and culture after pasteurization to check that the treated milk is sterile. The regulations specify the nature of the agar plates to be used, together with the conditions for plating and incubation, but they lack detail in other areas...
December 1, 2016: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755345/human-milk-processing-a-systematic-review-of-innovative-techniques-to-the-ensure-safety-and-quality-of-donor-milk
#6
Chiara Peila, Nikki E Emmerik, Marzia Giribaldi, Bernd Stahl, Joost E Ruitenberg, Ruurd M van Elburg, Guido E Moro, Enrico Bertino, Alessandra Coscia, Laura Cavallarin
OBJECTIVES: Pasteurization, performed at 62.5°C for 30 min (holder pasteurization), is currently recommended in all international human milk banks guidelines, but it affects some human milk bioactive and nutritive components. The present systematic review is aimed at critically reviewing evidence on the suitability of human milk processing techniques other than holder pasteurization, both thermal and non-thermal, to ensure microbiological safety, and on the effects of these techniques on biologically active donor milk components...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751204/-research-advances-in-breastfeeding
#7
Xi-Hong Liu
Human breast milk is the most natural and ideal food for the baby. Breastfeeding provides benefits for maternal and child health, child immune function, growth and development, and society. The operation of human milk bank and the use of donor human milk undoubtedly provides a new way of nutrition support for the preterm infants without their own mother's milk and a new kind of treatment for other diseases. Present research on the composition of breast milk focuses on the variety and quantity of proteins, bioactive substances, probiotics and cell population...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709856/the-experience-of-human-milk-banking-for-8-years-korean-perspective
#8
Hye Lim Jang, Jung Yoon Cho, Mi Jin Kim, Eun Jeong Kim, Eun Young Park, Sung Ae Park, In Young Kim, Yong Sung Choi, Chong Woo Bae, Sung Hoon Chung
Human milk banks are a solution for mothers who cannot supply their own breast milk to their sick or hospitalized infants; premature infants, in particular, are unable to receive a full volume of breast milk for numerous reasons. As of December 2015, there was only one milk bank in a university hospital in Korea. We reviewed the basic characteristics of donors and recipients, and the amounts and contamination of breast milk donated at the Human Milk Bank in Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong in Korea from 2008 to 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649995/use-of-donor-milk-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#9
Virginie de Halleux, Catherine Pieltain, Thibault Senterre, Jacques Rigo
Own mother's milk is the first choice in feeding preterm infants and provides multiple short- and long-term benefits. When it is unavailable, donor human milk is recommended as the first alternative. Donor milk undergoes processing (i.e. pasteurization) to reduce bacteriological and viral contaminants but influences its bioactive properties with potentially fewer benefits than raw milk. However, there is no clinical evidence of health benefit of raw compared to pasteurized human milk, and donor milk maintains documented advantages compared to formula...
September 16, 2016: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589549/necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-premature-infants-and-newborns
#10
M J Mϋller, T Paul, S Seeliger
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common acquired disease of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) in premature infants and newborns. It is defined as an ulcerative inflammation of the intestinal wall. The clinical signs of incipient NEC are often very discrete, and range from localized intestinal symptoms to generalized signs of sepsis. NEC is classified depending on its severity into disease states according to the modified Bell's Classification. Treatment of NEC ranges, depending on its severity, from a conservative therapeutic approach to surgery with resection of the affected parts of the intestine...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567645/infant-and-young-child-feeding-guidelines-2016
#11
Satish Tiwari, Ketan Bharadva, Balraj Yadav, Sushma Malik, Prashant Gangal, C R Banapurmath, Zeeba Zaka-Ur-Rab, Urmila Deshmukh, - Visheshkumar, R K Agrawal
JUSTIFICATION: Shaping up the post-2015 development agenda is of crucial importance in the development process around the Globe as 2015 was the last year of milllionium development goals. It is the right time to asses our own progress vis-a-vis the Millennium Development Goals and these Guidelines are an attempt in that regard. PROCESS: The Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) chapter of Indian Academy of Pediatrics invited a group of experts for National Consultative Meet for discussing and contributing on latest scientific advances and developments...
August 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540206/to-investigate-the-effect-of-the-pasteurisation-process-on-trace-elements-in-donor-breast-milk
#12
Nor Mohd Taufek, David Cartwright, Amitha Hewavitharana, Pieter Koorts, Helen McConachy, Nick Shaw, Karen Whitfield, Mark Davies
AIM: To investigate the effect of the pasteurisation process on trace elements in donor breast milk. METHOD: Premature infants often receive donor breast milk when the mother is unable to produce sufficient breast milk. It is widely accepted that donor milk has considerable advantages over formula milk.1 The Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (RBWH) has a milk bank that receives milk donated by women which undergoes a pasteurisation process.2 This study investigated the effect of pasteurisation on a range of trace elements in donor milk...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540205/effect-of-pasteurisation-on-the-concentrations-of-vitamin-d-compounds-in-donor-breast-milk
#13
Fabio Gomes, Nick Shaw, Karen Whitfield, Pieter Koorts, Helen McConachy, Amitha Hewavitharana
AIM: Breastmilk is considered the most important nutrient and source of supplementation for both term and preterm infants.1 It is composed of many important nutrients, including vitamin D.2 The content of this vitamin in breast milk is usually low, even for lactating mothers with adequate vitamin D status.2 3 Preterm infants are at the great risk of vitamin D deficiency due to decreased transplacental transfer.4 Premature infants are the main recipients of pasteurised donor human milk (PDHM), when their mothers are unable to provide their own...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537346/inactivation-of-cytomegalovirus-in-breast-milk-using-ultraviolet-c-irradiation-opportunities-for-a-new-treatment-option-in-breast-milk-banking
#14
Megan L Lloyd, Nurul Hod, Jothsna Jayaraman, Elizabeth A Marchant, Lukas Christen, Peter Chiang, Peter Hartmann, Geoffrey R Shellam, Karen Simmer
Pasteurized donor human milk is provided by milk banks to very preterm babies where their maternal supply is insufficient or unavailable. Donor milk is currently processed by Holder pasteurization, producing a microbiologically safe product but significantly reducing immunoprotective components. Ultraviolet-C (UV-C) irradiation at 254 nm is being investigated as an alternative treatment method and has been shown to preserve components such as lactoferrin, lysozyme and secretory IgA considerably better than Holder pasteurization...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515898/parent-misidentification-leading-to-the-breastfeeding-of-the-wrong-baby-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#15
Charles W Sauer, Krishelle L Marc-Aurele
BACKGROUND Because there are clear benefits to breast milk over formula for infants, the goal of the World Health Organization is to increase breastfeeding rates. As more women are breastfeeding and providing breast milk to newborns in hospitals, there is increased risk for administration error. CASE REPORT A hospitalized preterm infant was breastfed by the wrong mother when the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Nurse failed to properly identify the mother. An infectious disease workup done on the donor mother was negative, but the recipient infant was positive for cytomegalovirus (CMV)...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490567/the-effect-of-holder-pasteurization-on-nutrients-and-biologically-active-components-in-donor-human-milk-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Chiara Peila, Guido E Moro, Enrico Bertino, Laura Cavallarin, Marzia Giribaldi, Francesca Giuliani, Francesco Cresi, Alessandra Coscia
When a mother's milk is unavailable, the best alternative is donor milk (DM). Milk delivered to Human Milk Banks should be pasteurized in order to inactivate the microbial agents that may be present. Currently, pasteurization, performed at 62.5 °C for 30 min (Holder Pasteurization, HoP), is recommended for this purpose in international guidelines. Several studies have been performed to investigate the effects of HoP on the properties of DM. The present paper has the aim of reviewing the published papers on this topic, and to provide a comparison of the reported variations of biologically-active DM components before and after HoP...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470475/-recommendation-for-promoting-the-practice-of-human-milk-using-and-breast-feeding-for-the-preterm-infant-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462513/contamination-of-ethiopian-paper-currency-notes-from-various-food-handlers-with-e-coli
#18
Adem Hiko, Kasahun Abdata, Yimer Muktar, Mezene Woyesa, Abdela Mohammed
Contamination rate of Ethiopian paper currency notes handled by various food handlers with Escherichia coli and antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates was assessed. A total of 384 Ethiopian Birr (ETB) notes were randomly sampled from meat handlers at butchers, bread and the related food handlers at cafeteria, fruit and vegetables handlers at supermarket, and milk sellers both at open market and dairy station. Fifty control new currencies were also sampled from Commercial Bank of Ethiopia. Both surfaces of the currency were swabbed using wet sterile cotton...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428106/mother-s-breast-milk-supplemented-with-donor-milk-reduces-hospital-and-health-service-usage-costs-in-low-birthweight-infants
#19
Kalliopi Dritsakou, Georgios Liosis, Georgia Valsami, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Kyriakos Souliotis, Maria Skouroliakou
OBJECTIVE: to compare hospital and health service usage costs of feeding low-birthweight (LBW) infants predominantly with their mother's milk, supplemented with donor milk, with donor milk and preterm formula. DESIGN: prospective matching study. SETTING: tertiary public perinatal centre, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and donor human milk bank. PARTICIPANTS: 100LBW infants (Group I) fed predominantly with their mother's milk from the first hour of life, supplemented (mainly for the first week of life) with donor milk, were matched on a 1:1 basis with 100LBW infants (Group II) who were fed with donor milk for the first 3 weeks of life followed by preterm formula until hospital discharge...
September 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336734/evaluation-of-human-milk-titratable-acidity-before-and-after-addition-of-a-nutritional-supplement-for-preterm-newborns
#20
Cibelle Iáskara do Vale Pereira, Juliana Fernandes Dos Santos Dametto, Janaína Cavalcanti Costa Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the initial Dornic acidity in raw human milk, after pasteurization and after heating and dilution of a dietary supplement for preterm infants. METHODS: A quantitative, descriptive, and experimental study was carried out with a convenience sample at the human milk bank at a Brazilian public maternity, with specialized care for pregnant women and newborns at risk. The eligibility criteria for the study sample included 93 frozen raw human milk in suitable containers with volumes ≥100mL and initial Dornic acidity ≤8° Dornic (°D)...
September 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
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