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Air embolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922233/endoscopic-versus-open-repair-for-craniosynostosis-in-infants-using-propensity-score-matching-to-compare-outcomes-a-multicenter-study-from-the-pediatric-craniofacial-collaborative-group
#1
Douglas R Thompson, David Zurakowski, Charles M Haberkern, Paul A Stricker, Petra M Meier
BACKGROUND: The North American Pediatric Craniofacial Collaborative Group (PCCG) established the Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery Perioperative Registry to evaluate outcomes in infants and children undergoing craniosynostosis repair. The goal of this multicenter study was to utilize this registry to assess differences in blood utilization, intensive care unit (ICU) utilization, duration of hospitalization, and perioperative complications between endoscopic-assisted (ESC) and open repair in infants with craniosynostosis...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904468/gyriform-infarction-in-cerebral-air-embolism-imaging-mimicker-of-status-epilepticus
#2
Konark Malhotra, Appaji Rayi
Cerebral air embolism (CAE) is a potentially fatal iatrogenic complication related to common procedures including central venous catheter (CVC) removal. We report an interesting case of CAE related to CVC removal that was further complicated with status epilepticus. Neuroimaging of CAE and status epilepticus could pose diagnostic dilemmas and require consideration of wide diagnostic differentials. We discuss the clinical presentation, mechanism, and diagnostic approach, especially neuroimaging to differentiate various etiologies in CAE patients...
July 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900525/a-case-of-legionella-pneumophila-evaluated-with-ct-and-ultrasound
#3
Alessio D'Angelo, Chiara De Simone, Marco Pagnottella, Stefano Rossi, Raffaele Pepe, Giacomo Ruggieri, Giulio Cocco, Cosima Schiavone
A 36-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department of "SS Annunziata" hospital in Chieti complaining of a sharp chest pain arisen some hours before admission. On examination, the patient looked sweaty; his vital signs showed tachycardia and augmented breath rate; sinus tachycardia and normal ventricular repolarization were observed on ECG, and no abnormalities were observed in the echoscan of the hearth. According to the clinical and electrocardiographic findings, and to previous episode of DVT in anamnesis, a thorax CT scan was performed in order to rule out pulmonary embolism...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893450/emergency-medicine-evaluation-and-management-of-the-end-stage-renal-disease-patient
#4
REVIEW
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman, Courtney M Lee
BACKGROUND: End stage renal disease (ESRD) is increasing in the U.S., and these patients demonstrate greater all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, and hospitalization rates when compared to those with normal renal function. These patients may experience significant complications associated with loss of renal function and dialysis. OBJECTIVE: This review evaluates complications of ESRD including cardiopulmonary, neurologic, infectious disease, vascular, and access site complications, as well as medication use in this population...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879078/left-ventricle-and-systemic-air-embolism-after-percutaneous-lung-biopsy
#5
Juan M Galvis, David R Nunley, Teoh Zheyi, Lu Anne V Dinglasan
BACKGROUND: Systemic arterial air embolism following a percutaneous transthoracic lung biopsy is a rare but known complication, with current literature reporting an incidence of 0.01-0.45%. A prompt diagnosis of arterial air embolism is important as complications resulting from migration of air to the systemic circulation with correspondent complications. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old female who presented for an elective percutaneous lung biopsy of an incidentally found pulmonary nodule...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869232/to-immunosuppress-or-not-behcet-s-syndrome-presenting-as-an-eosinophilic-pleural-effusion
#6
Shakti Kumar Bal, Richa Gupta, Aparna Irodi, Avinash Nair, John Mathew, Balamugesh Thangakunam, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher
Etiologic diagnosis of an eosinophilic pleural effusion (EPE) presents a diagnostic challenge when intrapleural air and blood have been ruled out as its proximate causes. Among the causes of EPE, those that require immunosuppression for the underlying disease include connective tissue diseases, sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and eosinophilic pneumonia. We present a case of clinically suspected Behcet's syndrome based on a 10-year history of recurrent multiple oral ulcers and human leukocyte antigen-B51 positivity who presented with only an EPE...
September 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865778/chronobiologic-aspects-of-venous-thromboembolism
#7
REVIEW
Chiara Fantoni, Francesco Dentali, Walter Ageno
In recent years, several studies have consistently described the chronobiologic aspects of many cardiovascular diseases. Several studies have also assessed the circadian and circannual patterns of occurrence and mortality of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, but the results have been less univocal. Different mechanisms have been proposed to explain these possible patterns, including oscillation of coagulation proteins, the role of meteorologic parameters, and air pollution. This article summarizes the available evidence on chronobiologic aspects of venous thromboembolism and discusses the casual mechanism...
October 2017: Heart Failure Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844544/case-of-78-year-old-male-with-cerebral-gas-embolism-associated-with-combined-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-emphysema
#8
Yuichiro Shirota, Takahiro Nakayama, Mizuki Kitamura, Ichiro Imafuku
Cerebral gas embolism (CGE) from the thoracic cavity is commonly associated with invasive procedures, and cases of spontaneous CGE are rare. A 78-year-old man presented with severe spontaneous CGE associated with combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE). To the best of our knowledge, the comorbidity of CGE in a CPFE patient has not been documented until now. The patient became unconscious with left hemiparesis at approximately 2 a.m. Computed tomography scan revealed minute air densities scattered in the deep white matter of the right frontal lobe...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827438/iatrogenic-pulmonary-air-embolism
#9
Shannon M Fernando, Peter M Munene, Elena Pena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803928/cerebral-air-embolism-following-central-venous-catheter-removal
#10
Liane A Arcinas, Shuangbo Liu, G Isanne Schacter, Malek Kass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802790/vascular-air-embolism-a-silent-hazard-to-patient-safety
#11
REVIEW
Sorin J Brull, Richard C Prielipp
PURPOSE: To narratively review published information on prevention, detection, pathophysiology, and appropriate treatment of vascular air embolism (VAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Cochrane Central Register and Google Scholar databases were searched for data published through October 2016. The Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database was queried for "air embolism" reports (years 2011-2016). RESULTS: VAE may be introduced through disruption in the integrity of the venous circulation that occurs during insertion, maintenance, or removal of intravenous or central venous catheters...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781322/cerebral-air-embolism-from-chronic-progressive-pulmonary-aspergillosis
#12
Hayato Yabe, Soichirou Watanabe, Atsushi Saito, Masami Yamazoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780029/intracoronary-bubbles-iatrogenic-air-embolism-assessed-with-optical%C3%A2-coherence%C3%A2-tomography
#13
Ramón Maruri-Sánchez, Fernando Rivero, Teresa Bastante, Javier Cuesta, Marcos García-Guimaraes, Fernando Alfonso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765018/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-triggered-by-venous-air-embolism-during-craniotomy-in-sitting-position-a-case-report
#14
Florian Raimann, Christian Senft, Jörg Honold, Kai Zacharowski, Volker Seifert, Jan Mersmann
BACKGROUND: Here we present a case of a stress induced cardiomyopathy (TakoTsubo cardiomyopathy) caused by a venous air embolism during a craniotomy in sitting position. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 69-year old female patient was admitted to the neurosurgical department and scheduled for elective resection of a cerebellar metastasis in sitting position. After craniotomy and opening of the posterior fossa a venous air embolism was detected via transesophageal echocardiography...
July 29, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757750/dialysis-catheter-related-pulmonary-embolism-in-a-patient-with-paraquat-intoxication
#15
Li-Keng Chao, Te-Chao Fang
A 30-year-old woman was sent to the emergency room after alcohol and paraquat ingestion. After three sessions of hemoperfusion via the indwelling double-lumen catheter, the patient could tolerate ambient air and her urine output was good. However, on the 10(th) day of hospitalization, she had a sudden onset of dyspnea and hypoxia. Pulmonary embolism was diagnosed by a computed tomography pulmonary angiogram. The patient recovered after anticoagulation therapy. We could find no reports of dyspnea caused by pulmonary embolism in patients with paraquat intoxication...
October 2016: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749796/irrigation-device-successfully-tests-valve-competence-during-minimally-invasive-mitral-valve-repair
#16
Tomoyuki Fujita, Satsuki Fukushima, Hiroki Hata, Yusuke Shimahara, Yuta Kume, Yorihiko Matsumoto, Kizuku Yamashita, Junjiro Kobayashi
Minimally invasive mitral valve repair has become standard. We hypothesized that reproducible water testing with less air contaminations may help achieve successful repair and prevent air embolism. We used a long shaft irrigation device connected to an infuser pump to water test mitral valve repair in 104 consecutive patients with severe mitral regurgitation due to type II mitral valve dysfunction. All patients underwent mitral valve repair via small right thoracotomy. Water testing was performed by simultaneously monitoring root pressure to confirm valve competence and adequate leaflet coaptation with suitable pressure...
July 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707996/effect-of-the-degree-of-head-elevation-on-the-incidence-and-severity-of-venous-air-embolism-in-cranial-neurosurgical-procedures-with-patients-in-the-semisitting-position
#17
Hatice Türe, M Volkan Harput, Nural Bekiroğlu, Özgül Keskin, Özge Köner, Uğur Türe
OBJECTIVE The semisitting position of a patient confers numerous advantages in various neurosurgical procedures, but venous air embolism is one of the associated complications of this position. To date, no prospective studies of the relationship between the degree of head elevation and the rate and severity of venous air embolism for patients undergoing a procedure in this position have been performed. In this study, the authors compared changes in the severity of venous air embolism according to the degree of head elevation (30° or 45°) in patients undergoing an elective cranial neurosurgical procedure in the semisitting position...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706900/extrapleural-pneumonectomy-epp-vs-pleurectomy-decortication-p-d
#18
REVIEW
Hasan Fevzi Batirel
Surgical techniques for treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) have improved over the decades. The main surgical principle was accepted as macroscopic complete resection. This principle was achieved with extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) and extended pleurectomy/decortication (P/D). Mortality and morbidity are higher following EPP with supraventricular arrhythmias, pulmonary embolism, bronchopleural fistula and pulmonary failure being the most common, while prolonged air leak is frequent following P/D...
June 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706764/neuroradiological-endovascular-intervention-for-diplopia-in-a-case-of-aneurysmal-aberrant-regeneration-of-the-third-nerve
#19
Anupam C A Rao, Saumil A Shah, Benjamin W C Sim, Steven T H Yun, Neeranjali S Jain, Yashar Kalani, Ian C Francis
Aberrant regeneration of the third nerve occurs as a result of synkinetic 'miswiring' of the third nerve following its injury, such as in third cranial nerve palsy due to tumor, trauma, or aneurysm. The case presented is an elderly woman with new vertical diplopia, which led to a diagnosis of a third cranial nerve palsy, thought to be caused by a 5 mm blister aneurysm of the posterior communicating artery. However, neuro-ophthalmological evaluation diagnosed aberrant regeneration of the third nerve, with the cause of her new vertical diplopia being an ipsilateral fourth nerve palsy...
June 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694644/venous-air-embolism-during-removal-of-bony-spur-in-a-child-of-split-cord-malformation
#20
Narender Kaloria, Hemant Bhagat, Navneet Singla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
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