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Mass communication in public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908389/hypertension-obesity-diabetes-and%C3%A2-heart%C3%A2-failure-free-survival-the-cardiovascular-disease-lifetime-risk-pooling-project
#1
Faraz S Ahmad, Hongyan Ning, Jonathan D Rich, Clyde W Yancy, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, John T Wilkins
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to quantify the relationship between the absence of heart failure risk factors in middle age and incident heart failure, heart failure-free survival, and overall survival. BACKGROUND: Quantification of years lived free from heart failure in the context of risk factor burden in mid-life may improve risk communication and prevention efforts. METHODS: We conducted a pooled, individual-level analysis sampling from communities across the United States as part of 4 cohort studies: the Framingham Heart, Framingham Offspring, Chicago Heart Association Detection Project in Industry, and ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities) studies...
December 2016: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876685/efficacy-of-mobile-serious-games-in-increasing-hiv-risk-perception-in-swaziland-a-randomized-control-trial-sgprev-trial-research-protocol
#2
Bhekumusa Wellington Lukhele, Patou Musumari, Christina El-Saaidi, Teeranee Techasrivichien, S Pilar Suguimoto, Masako Ono Kihara, Masahiro Kihara
BACKGROUND: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) continue to be a major public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), particularly in Swaziland, which has the highest HIV prevalence in this region. A wide range of strategies and interventions have been used to promote behavior change, though almost all such interventions have involved mass media. Therefore, innovative behavior change strategies beyond mass media communication are urgently needed...
November 22, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855104/standardised-tobacco-packaging-a-health-policy-case-study-of-corporate-conflict-expansion-and-adaptation
#3
Jenny L Hatchard, Gary J Fooks, Anna B Gilmore
OBJECTIVES: To investigate opposition to standardised tobacco packaging in the UK. To increase understanding of how transnational corporations are adapting to changes in their access to policymakers precipitated by Article 5.3 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). DESIGN: Case study web-based documentary analysis, using NVivo V.10. Examination of relationships between opponents of standardised packaging and transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) and of the volume, nature, transparency and timing of their activities...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828677/innovation-development-and-financing-of-institutions-of-higher-education-in-health
#4
Mario Roberto Dal Poz, Maria Helena Costa Couto, Thais de Andrade Vidaurre Franco
The article analyzes the configuration and trends in institutions of Higher Education and their relationship as components of the Health Economic-Industrial Complex (HEIC). The expansion of higher education is part of the transition from elite to mass systems, with tensions between quantitative and qualitative aspects. Such changes reflect different cultures and are related to international phenomena such as globalization, economic transformations, the development of new information and communication technologies, and the emergence of an international knowledge network...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815565/exposure-assessment-of-chemical-hazards-in-pork-meat-liver-and-kidney-and-health-impact-implication-in-hung-yen-and-nghe-an-provinces-vietnam
#5
Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh, Dang Xuan Sinh, Pham Duc Phuc, Tran Thi Ngan, Chu Van Tuat, Delia Grace, Fred Unger, Hung Nguyen-Viet
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses the risk of exposure to hazardous chemical residues in pork meat, liver, and kidney collected at wet markets in Nghe An and Hung Yen provinces and discusses health impact implication. METHODS: 514 pig feed, kidney, liver, and pork samples were pooled and qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed for tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones, sulphonamide, chloramphenicol, β-agonists, and heavy metals. We compare the results with current regulations on chemical residues and discuss health implications...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805756/violence-against-women-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-nurses-and-midwives
#6
Patrizia Di Giacomo, Alessandra Cavallo, AnnaMaria Bagnasco, Marina Sartini, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study's objective is to describe the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of nurses and midwives who have attended to women who suffered violence. This study further analyses the possible changes of attitude that have occurred over the past 5 years. BACKGROUND: Gender violence or violence against women is the largest problem with regard to public health and violated human rights all over the world. In Italy, it is estimated that 31.5 % of women suffer physical or sexual violence during their life...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753983/sy-09-1-lowering-salt-intake-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-what-is-the-evidence
#7
Francesco Cappuccio
The evidence. Salt (i.e. sodium chloride) is causally related to blood pressure (BP). The higher the salt intake, the higher the BP, an effect seen since birth. A small and sustained reduction in salt intake causes a fall in BP. The evidence from controlled studies, small and large, short and long, all agree on the following: (1) salt intake is one of the major determinants of BP in populations and individuals; (2) a reduction in salt intake causes a dose-dependent reduction in BP - the lower the salt the lower the BP; (3) the effect is seen in both sexes, in people of all ages and ethnic groups, and with all starting BPs...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738094/robust-label-free-quantitative-profiling-of-circulating-plasma-microparticle-mp-associated-proteins
#8
Sophie Braga-Lagache, Natasha Buchs, Mircea-Ioan Iacovache, Benoît Zuber, Christopher Benjamin Jackson, Manfred Heller
Cells of the vascular system release spherical vesicles, called microparticles, in the size range of 0.1-1 μm induced by a variety of stress factors resulting in variable concentrations between health and disease. Furthermore, microparticles have intercellular communication/signaling properties and interfere with inflammation and coagulation pathways. Today's most used analytical technology for microparticle characterization, flow cytometry, is lacking sensitivity and specificity, which might have led to the publication of contradicting results in the past...
December 2016: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706162/controlling-neglected-tropical-diseases-ntds-in-haiti-implementation-strategies-and-evidence-of-their-success
#9
Jean Frantz Lemoine, Anne Marie Desormeaux, Franck Monestime, Carl Renad Fayette, Luccene Desir, Abdel Nasser Direny, Sarah Carciunoiu, Lior Miller, Alaine Knipes, Patrick Lammie, Penelope Smith, Melissa Stockton, Lily Trofimovich, Kalpana Bhandari, Richard Reithinger, Kathryn Crowley, Eric Ottesen, Margaret Baker
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and soil-transmitted helminths (STH) have been targeted since 2000 in Haiti, with a strong mass drug administration (MDA) program led by the Ministry of Public Health and Population and its collaborating international partners. By 2012, Haiti's neglected tropical disease (NTD) program had reached full national scale, and with such consistently good epidemiological coverage that it is now able to stop treatment for LF throughout almost all of the country. Essential to this success have been in the detail of how MDAs were implemented...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681852/emergency-preparedness-for-a-mass-gathering-the-2015-papal-visit-to-philadelphia
#10
Emma Paras, Matthew Butler, Brian F Maguire, Rich Scarfone
In September 2015, Pope Francis visited Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and led outdoor events over the course of 2 days. As a result, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) was faced with the challenge of planning for and responding to a mass gathering that was anticipated to be one of the largest in US history. As a result of unprecedented traffic restrictions, it was anticipated that patients, staff, and vendors would have severe challenges accessing the hospital, along with impaired communications from widespread cell phone service disruption...
September 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681552/knowledge-attitude-behaviour-and-practices-kabp-of-the-community-and-resultant-iec-leading-to-behaviour-change-about-dengue-in-jodhpur-city-rajasthan
#11
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: In recent years dengue has been witnessed as an emerging public health problem. Therefore, the present study was undertaken in order to assess the knowledge, attitude, behaviour and practices (KABP) adopted by the society for its control and prevention. The changes in behaviour of community after imparting health education were also recorded to determine the effectiveness of information, education and communication (IEC) for dengue prevention and control in Jodhpur City of Rajasthan, India...
July 2016: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672140/impact-of-a-primary-care-national-policy-on-hiv-screening-in-france-a-longitudinal-analysis-between-2006-and-2013
#12
Jonathan Sicsic, Olivier Saint-Lary, Elisabeth Rouveix, Nathalie Pelletier-Fleury
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of HIV infection is a major public health issue worldwide. In 2009, the French National Authority for Health (Haute Autorité de Santé) developed specific guidelines and recommended mass screening of 15-70-year-olds across the general population. The guidelines were supported by communication directed at healthcare professionals, especially GPs. AIM: To assess the impact of the national mass screening policy on HIV testing. DESIGN AND SETTING: The study used data from the French National Health Insurance Fund database, from January 2006 to December 2013...
September 26, 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658571/characterizing-the-perceived-newsworthiness-of-health-science-articles-a-data-driven-approach
#13
Ye Zhang, Erin Willis, Michael J Paul, Noémie Elhadad, Byron C Wallace
BACKGROUND: Health science findings are primarily disseminated through manuscript publications. Information subsidies are used to communicate newsworthy findings to journalists in an effort to earn mass media coverage and further disseminate health science research to mass audiences. Journal editors and news journalists then select which news stories receive coverage and thus public attention. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify attributes of published health science articles that correlate with (1) journal editor issuance of press releases and (2) mainstream media coverage...
2016: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649752/hajj-stampede-disaster-2015-reflections-from-the-frontlines
#14
Anas A Khan, Eric K Noji
The Hajj is an annual religious mass gathering that takes place in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The complexity of its system is multidimensional, with religious, political, cultural, security, economic, communication, operational, and logistic unique challenges. This year, yet another stampede tragedy that caused around a 1,000 deaths and severe injuries, capturing worldwide media attention and exacerbating existing political tensions across the Gulf coasts was faced. Planning is important but the planning process is more important, requiring systematic analysis based on accurate collected and targeting root cause factors...
2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549379/cardiovascular-prevention-in-obese-patients
#15
Manuel F Landecho, Rafael Moncada, Víctor Valentí, Gema Frühbeck
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has emphasized that an increased body mass index (BMI) is a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) together with diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders and some cancers. The American Heart Association had already identified obesity as an independent risk factor in 1995. There is a significantly increased risk of CVD independently of other traditional risk factors (age, sex, physical activity, smoking, blood pressure and cholesterol levels) for patients fulfilling BMI criteria of moderate overweight, which increases with the diagnosis of obesity...
August 22, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515855/obesity-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-diseases-in-india-public-health-challenges
#16
Usha Shrivastava, Anoop Misra, V Mohan, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, D Bachani
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs; including coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes) are rapidly increasing in India causing nearly 5.8 million deaths per year annually. Primary reasons for rise in NCDs in India are nutrition and lifestyle transitions. Further, presence of higher body fat, abdominal fat, liver and pancreatic fat and lower lean mass than whites, contribute to heightened metabolic and cardiovascular risk in Asian Indians. Importantly, conversion from pre-diabetes to diabetes occurs more rapidly, and reversion to normal glucose regulation with appropriate lifestyle measures is more difficult in Asian Indians than white population...
August 5, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498446/marketing-communication-in-the-area-of-breast-and-cervical-cancer-prevention
#17
Jelena Cvijović, Milica Kostić-Stanković, Goran Krstić, Ljupce Stojanović
BACKGROUND/AIM: Innovative marketing campaigns and promotional activities can successfully contribute to the improvement of public health by raising the level of general knowledge about health issues and benefits that the change of habits, eradication of undesirable behaviour and regular medical controls have. The focus should be on continuous marketing communication through various mass media or direct communication between medical staff and patients. The aim of this paper was to define the role that various communication channels have in the process of informing and educating the target group in case of breast and cervical cancer prevention...
June 2016: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451417/novel-public-health-risk-assessment-process-developed-to-support-syndromic-surveillance-for-the-2012-olympic-and-paralympic-games
#18
Gillian E Smith, Alex J Elliot, Sue Ibbotson, Roger Morbey, Obaghe Edeghere, Jeremy Hawker, Mike Catchpole, Tina Endericks, Paul Fisher, Brian McCloskey
BACKGROUND: Syndromic surveillance aims to provide early warning and real time estimates of the extent of incidents; and reassurance about lack of impact of mass gatherings. We describe a novel public health risk assessment process to ensure those leading the response to the 2012 Olympic Games were alerted to unusual activity that was of potential public health importance, and not inundated with multiple statistical 'alarms'. METHODS: Statistical alarms were assessed to identify those which needed to result in 'alerts' as reliably as possible...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323844/levels-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-inactivity-and-body-mass-index-among-saudi-women-working-in-office-jobs-in-riyadh-city
#19
Nada M Albawardi, Hoda Jradi, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is among the leading risk factors for non-communicable diseases. Saudi Arabia has just begun to address physical inactivity as recent studies have shown an alarming prevalence of insufficiently physically active adults. Saudi women are identified as among the most overweight/obese and least active worldwide. With an increase in the number of women in office based jobs, the risk of physical inactivity is likely to increase. Identifying the level and correlates for high BMI and physical inactivity in Saudi women will help to plan more effective public health strategies...
2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27263758/promoting-health-for-all-kansans-through-mass-media-lessons-learned-from-a-pilot-assessment-of-student-ebola-perceptions
#20
Amy K Chesser, Nikki Keene Woods, Jennifer Mattar, Timothy Craig
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess student knowledge of Ebola virus disease (EVD) and opinions about media coverage of EVD. METHODS: We conducted a pilot study with a cross-sectional survey and a convenience sample. RESULTS: Sixty-five college students participated in the survey and reported a low level of basic knowledge of EVD, high health literacy levels, and Internet and health professionals as sources for health information. CONCLUSION: This pilot study was an important first step to understanding students' knowledge of Ebola, common sources of health information, and health literacy levels...
August 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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