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Mass communication in public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439866/mass-media-effect-on-vaccines-uptake-during-silent-polio-outbreak
#1
Iftach Sagy, Victor Novack, Michael Gdalevich, Dan Greenberg
BACKGROUND: During 2013, isolation of a wild type 1 poliovirus from routine sewage sample in Israel, led to a national OPV campaign. During this period, there was a constant cover of the outbreak by the mass media. AIMS: To investigate the association of media exposure and OPV and non-OPV vaccines uptake during the 2013 silent polio outbreak in Israel. METHODS: We received data on daily immunization rates during the outbreak period from the Ministry of Health (MoH)...
February 10, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433138/-alert-for-meningitis-in-palermo-successful-strategies-to-counteract-the-impact-of-mass-media
#2
Gianmarco Ventura, Vincenzo Restivo, Claudio Costantino, Nicolò Casuccio, Claudio D'Angelo, Paola Stefanelli, Alessandra Casuccio, Francesco Vitale
Following two invasive meningococcal disease cases among twenties, general population overloaded vaccination Units of the Palermo's District during summer 2016. Sicilian Health Authorities adopted several public health strategies including: a) active meningococcal vaccination free of charge for people from 18 up to 30 years of age, b) information in crowded places and rapid communication by media. An increase in anti-meningococcal vaccination doses administered (+868%) as well as in anti-dTp and HPV vaccination (+41% and +8%, respectively) due to a further catch-up was observed...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420534/strategies-to-improve-treatment-coverage-in-community-based-public-health-programs-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Katrina V Deardorff, Arianna Rubin Means, Kristjana H Ásbjörnsdóttir, Judd Walson
BACKGROUND: Community-based public health campaigns, such as those used in mass deworming, vitamin A supplementation and child immunization programs, provide key healthcare interventions to targeted populations at scale. However, these programs often fall short of established coverage targets. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the impact of strategies used to increase treatment coverage in community-based public health campaigns. METHODOLOGY/ PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We systematically searched CAB Direct, Embase, and PubMed archives for studies utilizing specific interventions to increase coverage of community-based distribution of drugs, vaccines, or other public health services...
February 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412005/citizen-science-to-communicate-about-public-health-messages-the-reach-of-a-playful-online-survey-on-sitting-time-and-physical-activity
#4
Katrien De Cocker, Sebastien F M Chastin, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Ineke Imbo, Jeroen Stragier, Greet Cardon
There is a lack of research on how to communicate public health guidelines. Citizen science (CS) has been an effective way to involve the public in research. This study analyses the reach of a well-established CS experiment, launched during an annual national science event, to understand if it could be used as communication strategy for public health issues. A short playful online survey contained tailored health-related messages associated to an "animal totem" profile, based on the combination of sitting and physical activity levels (koala: high sitting, low activity; gorilla: high sitting, high activity; zebra: low sitting, low activity; bee: low sitting, high activity)...
February 7, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409511/a-qualitative-study-of-use-of-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-llins-for-intended-and-unintended-purposes-in-adami-tullu-east-shewa-zone-ethiopia
#5
Zerihun Doda, Tarekegn Solomon, Eskindir Loha, Taye Gari, Bernt Lindtjørn
BACKGROUND: Malaria poses a significant public health threat globally, across Africa and in Ethiopia. The use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) is currently a proven prevention mechanism. Evidence is building on what happens to LLINs following mass distribution campaigns, with mixed results from different studies, some reporting very low use for intended purposes, others an encouraging level of using for intended purposes. In Ethiopia, between 2005 and 2015, about 64 million LLINs were distributed through periodic mass campaigns with the aims to achieve 100% coverage and 80% utilization...
February 6, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354394/effects-of-timely-control-intervention-on-the-spread-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-infection
#6
Ilsu Choi, Dong Ho Lee, Yongkuk Kim
Objectives: The 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak in Korea caused major economic and social problems. The control intervention was conducted during the MERS-CoV outbreak in Korea immediately after the confirmation of the index case. This study investigates whether the early risk communication with the general public and mass media is an effective preventive strategy. Methods: The SEIR (Susceptible, Exposed, Infectious, Recovered) model with estimated parameters for the time series data of the daily MERS-CoV incidence in Korea was considered from May to December 2015...
December 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336684/a-systematic-search-and-review-of-adult-targeted-overweight-and-obesity-prevention-mass-media-campaigns-and-their-evaluation-2000-2017
#7
James Kite, Anne Grunseit, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Bill Bellew, Tom Carroll, Adrian Bauman
Mass media campaigns are a commonly used strategy in public health. However, no review has assessed whether the design and evaluation of overweight and obesity campaigns meets best practice recommendations. This study aimed to fill this gap. We systematically searched five databases for peer-reviewed articles describing adult-targeted obesity mass media campaigns published between 2000 and 2017, complemented by reference list searches and contact with authors and agencies responsible for the campaigns. We extracted data on campaign design, implementation, and evaluation from eligible publications and conducted a qualitative review of 29 publications reporting on 14 campaigns...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329726/patient-centered-communication-of-community-treatment-assistants-in-tanzania-predicts-coverage-of-future-mass-drug-administration-for-trachoma
#8
Alexander Jenson, Debra L Roter, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Munoz, Sheila West
OBJECTIVE: Prevention of Trachoma, the leading cause of infectious blindness, requires community treatment assistants (CTAs) to perform mass drug administration (MDA) of azithromycin. Previous research has shown that female CTAs have higher MDA coverage, but no studies have focused on the content of conversation. We hypothesize that female CTAs had more patient-centered communication and higher MDA coverage. METHODS: In 2011, CTAs from 23 distribution sites undergoing MDA as part of the Partnership for Rapid Elimination of Trachoma were selected...
January 6, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261430/investigating-the-effects-of-mass-media-exposure-on-the-uptake-of-preventive-measures-by-hong-kong-residents-during-the-2015-mers-outbreak-the-mediating-role-of-interpersonal-communication-and-the-perception-of-concern
#9
Ramona Ludolph, Peter J Schulz, Ling Chen
In 2015, South Korea experienced the largest outbreak to date of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) outside the Middle East. Fears related to a potential spread of the disease led to an increased alert level as well as heightened media coverage in the neighboring Hong Kong. A cross-sectional survey (N = 533) among residents of Hong Kong was conducted to assess the relationships between the effects of outbreak-related mass media coverage, interpersonal communication, the perceived level of concern in one's close environment, and the uptake of preventive measures...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236783/nutrition-label-experience-obesity-high-blood-pressure-and-high-blood-lipids-in-a-cohort-of-42-750-thai-adults
#10
Wimalin Rimpeekool, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Martyn Kirk, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition labels have been promoted for nearly two decades in Thailand to educate people about healthy eating and to combat nutrient-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). But little is known about how nutrition labels are experienced and whether they are linked with better health. Our objective was to investigate the associations between nutrition label experience, obesity and nutrient-related NCDs in Thai consumers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken with a nationwide cohort of 42,750 distance learning Thai adult students enrolled in an Open University in 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236542/systematic-review-of-health-communication-for-non-cigarette-tobacco-products
#11
Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Seth M Noar, Erin L Sutfin
The Food and Drug Administration, which now has regulatory authority over all tobacco products meeting the statutory definition, is tasked with communicating the risks of these products to the public through health warnings and public education. However, there have been no attempts to summarize what is known about non-cigarette tobacco product (NCTP) health messaging. We conducted a systematic review to examine the existing literature on health communication for NCTPs and identify key research gaps. A total of 45 unique studies were retrieved and coded, with the majority focused on messaging for smokeless tobacco (SLT, k = 32, 71...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233318/a-course-for-developing-interprofessional-skills-in-pre-professional-honor-students-using-humanities-and-media
#12
Therese I Poirier, Connie Stamper-Carr, Kate Newman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To design and implement an undergraduate honors course for pre-health professional students that develops interpersonal skills through use of a variety of humanities. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A three credit hour course in an honors seminar sequence was developed by pharmacy practice faculty and with input from faculty in mass communications, philosophy, applied communication studies and history. The course utilized a variety of media such as literature, film, and podcasts to foster student discussion about a variety of health-related topics...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230005/prevalence-treatment-patterns-and-risk-factors-of-hypertension-and-pre-hypertension-among-bangladeshi-adults
#13
Mujibur Rahman, M Mostafa Zaman, Jessica Yasmine Islam, Jalil Chowdhury, Ham Nazmul Ahsan, Ridwanur Rahman, Mahtabuddin Hassan, Zakir Hossain, Billal Alam, Rubina Yasmin
In Bangladesh, morbidity and mortality due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has increased over the last few decades. Hypertension is an important risk factor for NCDs, specifically cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to assess prevalence and risk factors for hypertension and pre-hypertension among adults in Bangladesh. Data for this analysis were collected during the national NCD Risk Factor Survey of Bangladesh conducted in 2010 from a representative sample of men and women, aged 25 years or above...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200789/pharmacovigilance-a-public-health-priority-for-south-africa
#14
Ushma Mehta, Emma Kalk, Andrew Boulle, Portia Nkambule, Joey Gouws, Helen Rees, Karen Cohen
South Africa has been engaged in pharmacovigilance (PV) activities to assess the impact of adverse drug reactions on public safety and health for 40 years. Activities have evolved from passive regulatory reporting to encompass active surveillance systems. The HIV and AIDS and TB epidemics stimulated pharmacoepidemiological research into the risks associated with medicines used in the standardised regimens of mass treatment programmes. Specific safety concerns, supported by robust local cohort data, have prompted major changes to national and international treatment policies...
2017: South African Health Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955411/novel-approaches-to-screening-for-noncommunicable-diseases-lessons-from-neno-malawi
#15
Chiyembekezo Kachimanga, Katie Cundale, Emily Wroe, Lawrence Nazimera, Arnold Jumbe, Elizabeth Dunbar, Noel Kalanga
BACKGROUND: As Malawi continues to suffer from a large burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), models for NCD screening need to be developed that do not overload a health system that is already heavily burdened by communicable diseases. METHODS: This descriptive study examined 3 screening programmes for NCDs in Neno, Malawi, that were implemented from June 2015 to December 2016. The NCD screening models were integrated into existing platforms, utilising regular mass screening events in the community, patients awaiting to be seen in a combined NCD and HIV clinic, and patients awaiting treatment at outpatient departments (OPDs)...
June 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941856/effective-communication-approaches-in-tuberculosis-control-health-workers-perceptions-and-experiences
#16
Sriram Arulchelvan, Rengan Elangovan
BACKGROUND: Health workers' experiences and understanding of the myths, misconceptions, beliefs about TB, and patients in the community (and effective communication methods) can be useful in designing effective IEC materials and strategies. OBJECTIVE: To study the perceptions and experiences of health workers regarding TB disease, patients, and effective communication strategies in TB control. METHODS: A survey was conducted among health workers involved in Directly Observed Treatment Short (DOTS) course...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929984/developing-a-hospital-disaster-preparedness-plan-for-mass-casualty-incidents-lessons-learned-from-the-downtown-beirut-bombing
#17
Mazen El Sayed, Ali F Chami, Eveline Hitti
Mass casualty incidents (MCIs) are becoming more frequent worldwide, especially in the Middle East where violence in Syria has spilled over to many neighboring countries. Lebanon lacks a coordinated prehospital response system to deal with MCIs; therefore, hospital preparedness plans are essential to deal with the surge of casualties. This report describes our experience in dealing with an MCI involving a car bomb in an urban area of downtown Beirut, Lebanon. It uses general response principles to propose a simplified response model for hospitals to use during MCIs...
September 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780559/doctor-referral-of-overweight-people-to-a-low-energy-treatment-droplet-in-primary-care-using-total-diet-replacement-products-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Susan A Jebb, Nerys M Astbury, Sarah Tearne, Alecia Nickless, Paul Aveyard
INTRODUCTION: The global prevalence of obesity has risen significantly in recent decades. There is a pressing need to identify effective interventions to treat established obesity that can be delivered at scale. The aim of the Doctor Referral of Overweight People to a Low-Energy Treatment (DROPLET) study is to determine the clinical effectiveness, feasibility and acceptability of referral to a low-energy total diet replacement programme compared with usual weight management interventions in primary care...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689518/colon-cancer-screening-is-it-time-yet
#19
EDITORIAL
Hadi Bhurgri, Sami Samiullah
The month of March is dedicated to Colon Cancer Awareness. Worldwide, colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence has been on the rise. It is currently the third most common cancer in men (746,000 cases, 10.0% of the total) and the second in women (614,000 cases, 9.2% of the total).1 Arecent meta-analysis reported a 61% risk reduction in CRC incidence with colonoscopy.2 Unlike screening programs for breast and prostate cancers, not only has CRC screening reduced mortality from colon cancer and detected early CRC, it has also decreased the incidence of CRC through detection and removal of pre-cancerous lesions...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642218/the-effectiveness-of-information-technology-supported-shared-care-for-patients-with-chronic-disease-a-systematic-review
#20
Laura Kooij, Wim G Groen, Wim H van Harten
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic disease, many health care professionals are involved during treatment and follow-up. This leads to fragmentation that in turn may lead to suboptimal care. Shared care is a means to improve the integration of care delivered by various providers, specifically primary care physicians (PCPs) and specialty care professionals, for patients with chronic disease. The use of information technology (IT) in this field seems promising. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to systematically review the literature regarding the effectiveness of IT-supported shared care interventions in chronic disease in terms of provider or professional, process, health or clinical and financial outcomes...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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