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Mass communication in public health

Francesco Cappuccio
The evidence. Salt (i.e. sodium chloride) is causally related to blood pressure (BP). The higher the salt intake, the higher the BP, an effect seen since birth. A small and sustained reduction in salt intake causes a fall in BP. The evidence from controlled studies, small and large, short and long, all agree on the following: (1) salt intake is one of the major determinants of BP in populations and individuals; (2) a reduction in salt intake causes a dose-dependent reduction in BP - the lower the salt the lower the BP; (3) the effect is seen in both sexes, in people of all ages and ethnic groups, and with all starting BPs...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Sophie Braga-Lagache, Natasha Buchs, Mircea-Ioan Iacovache, Benoit Zuber, Christopher Benjamin Jackson, Manfred Heller
BACKGROUND: Cells of the vascular system release spherical vesicles, called microparticles, in the size range of 0.1-1μm induced by a variety of stress factors resulting in variable concentrations between health and disease. Furthermore, microparticles have intercellular communication/signaling properties and interfere with inflammation and coagulation pathways. Today's most used analytical technology for mecroparticle characterization, flow cytometry, is lacking sensitivity and specificity, which might have led to the publication of contradicting results in the past...
October 12, 2016: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Jean Frantz Lemoine, Anne Marie Desormeaux, Franck Monestime, Carl Renad Fayette, Luccene Desir, Abdel Nasser Direny, Sarah Carciunoiu, Lior Miller, Alaine Knipes, Patrick Lammie, Penelope Smith, Melissa Stockton, Lily Trofimovich, Kalpana Bhandari, Richard Reithinger, Kathryn Crowley, Eric Ottesen, Margaret Baker
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and soil-transmitted helminths (STH) have been targeted since 2000 in Haiti, with a strong mass drug administration (MDA) program led by the Ministry of Public Health and Population and its collaborating international partners. By 2012, Haiti's neglected tropical disease (NTD) program had reached full national scale, and with such consistently good epidemiological coverage that it is now able to stop treatment for LF throughout almost all of the country. Essential to this success have been in the detail of how MDAs were implemented...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Emma Paras, Matthew Butler, Brian F Maguire, Rich Scarfone
In September 2015, Pope Francis visited Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and led outdoor events over the course of 2 days. As a result, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) was faced with the challenge of planning for and responding to a mass gathering that was anticipated to be one of the largest in US history. As a result of unprecedented traffic restrictions, it was anticipated that patients, staff, and vendors would have severe challenges accessing the hospital, along with impaired communications from widespread cell phone service disruption...
September 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: In recent years dengue has been witnessed as an emerging public health problem. Therefore, the present study was undertaken in order to assess the knowledge, attitude, behaviour and practices (KABP) adopted by the society for its control and prevention. The changes in behaviour of community after imparting health education were also recorded to determine the effectiveness of information, education and communication (IEC) for dengue prevention and control in Jodhpur City of Rajasthan, India...
July 2016: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Jonathan Sicsic, Olivier Saint-Lary, Elisabeth Rouveix, Nathalie Pelletier-Fleury
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of HIV infection is a major public health issue worldwide. In 2009, the French National Authority for Health (Haute Autorité de Santé) developed specific guidelines and recommended mass screening of 15-70-year-olds across the general population. The guidelines were supported by communication directed at healthcare professionals, especially GPs. AIM: To assess the impact of the national mass screening policy on HIV testing. DESIGN AND SETTING: The study used data from the French National Health Insurance Fund database, from January 2006 to December 2013...
September 26, 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Ye Zhang, Erin Willis, Michael J Paul, Noémie Elhadad, Byron C Wallace
BACKGROUND: Health science findings are primarily disseminated through manuscript publications. Information subsidies are used to communicate newsworthy findings to journalists in an effort to earn mass media coverage and further disseminate health science research to mass audiences. Journal editors and news journalists then select which news stories receive coverage and thus public attention. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify attributes of published health science articles that correlate with (1) journal editor issuance of press releases and (2) mainstream media coverage...
2016: JMIR Medical Informatics
Anas A Khan, Eric K Noji
The Hajj is an annual religious mass gathering that takes place in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The complexity of its system is multidimensional, with religious, political, cultural, security, economic, communication, operational, and logistic unique challenges. This year, yet another stampede tragedy that caused around a 1,000 deaths and severe injuries, capturing worldwide media attention and exacerbating existing political tensions across the Gulf coasts was faced. Planning is important but the planning process is more important, requiring systematic analysis based on accurate collected and targeting root cause factors...
2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Manuel F Landecho, Rafael Moncada, Víctor Valentí, Gema Frühbeck
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has emphasized that an increased body mass index (BMI) is a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) together with diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders and some cancers. The American Heart Association had already identified obesity as an independent risk factor in 1995. There is a significantly increased risk of CVD independently of other traditional risk factors (age, sex, physical activity, smoking, blood pressure and cholesterol levels) for patients fulfilling BMI criteria of moderate overweight, which increases with the diagnosis of obesity...
August 22, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Usha Shrivastava, Anoop Misra, V Mohan, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, D Bachani
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs; including coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes) are rapidly increasing in India causing nearly 5.8 million deaths per year annually. Primary reasons for rise in NCDs in India are nutrition and lifestyle transitions. Further, presence of higher body fat, abdominal fat, liver and pancreatic fat and lower lean mass than whites, contribute to heightened metabolic and cardiovascular risk in Asian Indians. Importantly, conversion from pre-diabetes to diabetes occurs more rapidly, and reversion to normal glucose regulation with appropriate lifestyle measures is more difficult in Asian Indians than white population...
August 5, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
Jelena Cvijović, Milica Kostić-Stanković, Goran Krstić, Ljupce Stojanović
BACKGROUND/AIM: Innovative marketing campaigns and promotional activities can successfully contribute to the improvement of public health by raising the level of general knowledge about health issues and benefits that the change of habits, eradication of undesirable behaviour and regular medical controls have. The focus should be on continuous marketing communication through various mass media or direct communication between medical staff and patients. The aim of this paper was to define the role that various communication channels have in the process of informing and educating the target group in case of breast and cervical cancer prevention...
June 2016: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Gillian E Smith, Alex J Elliot, Sue Ibbotson, Roger Morbey, Obaghe Edeghere, Jeremy Hawker, Mike Catchpole, Tina Endericks, Paul Fisher, Brian McCloskey
BACKGROUND: Syndromic surveillance aims to provide early warning and real time estimates of the extent of incidents; and reassurance about lack of impact of mass gatherings. We describe a novel public health risk assessment process to ensure those leading the response to the 2012 Olympic Games were alerted to unusual activity that was of potential public health importance, and not inundated with multiple statistical 'alarms'. METHODS: Statistical alarms were assessed to identify those which needed to result in 'alerts' as reliably as possible...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Nada M Albawardi, Hoda Jradi, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is among the leading risk factors for non-communicable diseases. Saudi Arabia has just begun to address physical inactivity as recent studies have shown an alarming prevalence of insufficiently physically active adults. Saudi women are identified as among the most overweight/obese and least active worldwide. With an increase in the number of women in office based jobs, the risk of physical inactivity is likely to increase. Identifying the level and correlates for high BMI and physical inactivity in Saudi women will help to plan more effective public health strategies...
2016: BMC Women's Health
Amy K Chesser, Nikki Keene Woods, Jennifer Mattar, Timothy Craig
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess student knowledge of Ebola virus disease (EVD) and opinions about media coverage of EVD. METHODS: We conducted a pilot study with a cross-sectional survey and a convenience sample. RESULTS: Sixty-five college students participated in the survey and reported a low level of basic knowledge of EVD, high health literacy levels, and Internet and health professionals as sources for health information. CONCLUSION: This pilot study was an important first step to understanding students' knowledge of Ebola, common sources of health information, and health literacy levels...
August 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Mahmood Nekoie-Moghadam, Lisa Kurland, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Francesco Della Corte, Ahmadreza Djalali
Hospitals need to be fully operative during disasters. It is therefore essential to be able to evaluate hospital preparedness. However, there is no consensus of a standardized, comprehensive and reliable tool with which to measure hospital preparedness. The aim of the current study was to perform a systematic review of evaluation tools for hospital disaster preparedness. A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
May 27, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Paige Maas, Myrto Barrdahl, Amit D Joshi, Paul L Auer, Mia M Gaudet, Roger L Milne, Fredrick R Schumacher, William F Anderson, David Check, Subham Chattopadhyay, Laura Baglietto, Christine D Berg, Stephen J Chanock, David G Cox, Jonine D Figueroa, Mitchell H Gail, Barry I Graubard, Christopher A Haiman, Susan E Hankinson, Robert N Hoover, Claudine Isaacs, Laurence N Kolonel, Loic Le Marchand, I-Min Lee, Sara Lindström, Kim Overvad, Isabelle Romieu, Maria-Jose Sanchez, Melissa C Southey, Daniel O Stram, Rosario Tumino, Tyler J VanderWeele, Walter C Willett, Shumin Zhang, Julie E Buring, Federico Canzian, Susan M Gapstur, Brian E Henderson, David J Hunter, Graham G Giles, Ross L Prentice, Regina G Ziegler, Peter Kraft, Montse Garcia-Closas, Nilanjan Chatterjee
Importance: An improved model for risk stratification can be useful for guiding public health strategies of breast cancer prevention. Objective: To evaluate combined risk stratification utility of common low penetrant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and epidemiologic risk factors. Design, Setting, and Participants: Using a total of 17 171 cases and 19 862 controls sampled from the Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3) and 5879 women participating in the 2010 National Health Interview Survey, a model for predicting absolute risk of breast cancer was developed combining information on individual level data on epidemiologic risk factors and 24 genotyped SNPs from prospective cohort studies, published estimate of odds ratios for 68 additional SNPs, population incidence rate from the National Cancer Institute-Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program cancer registry and data on risk factor distribution from nationally representative health survey...
May 26, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Richard V King, Gregory Luke Larkin, Raymond L Fowler, Dana L Downs, Carol S North
OBJECTIVE: To identify key attributes of effective disaster/mass casualty first responders and leaders, thereby informing the ongoing development of a capable disaster health workforce. METHODS: We surveyed emergency response practitioners attending a conference session, the EMS State of the Science: A Gathering of Eagles. We used open-ended questions to ask participants to describe key characteristics of successful disaster/mass casualty first responders and leaders...
May 18, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Janet E Fulton, Susan A Carlson, Barbara E Ainsworth, David Berrigan, Cynthia Carlson, Joan M Dorn, Gregory W Heath, Harold W Kohl, I-Min Lee, Sarah M Lee, Louise C Másse, James R Morrow, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, James M Pivarnik, Nicolaas P Pronk, Anne B Rodgers, Brian E Saelens, James F Sallis, Richard P Troiano, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Arthur Wendel
PURPOSE: Develop strategic priorities to guide future physical activity surveillance in the United States. METHODS: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine convened a scientific roundtable of physical activity and measurement experts. Participants summarized the current state of aerobic physical activity surveillance for adults, focusing on practice and research needs in three areas: 1) behavior, 2) human movement, and 3) community supports...
October 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Rakesh Gupta, Vinit Verma, Pankaj Mathur
Quitline activity in Rajasthan, India is a voluntary activity of Rajasthan Cancer Foundation (RCF) since April 2013. To kick-off, it took the benefit of the State Government- PIRAMAL SWASTHYA (PS)1 collaborative 104 Health Information Helpline that existed already in public-private partnership. It is a reactive quitline that helps callers through the counselors and nursing staff trained specifically through the weekly sessions held by the first author, the RCF resource on quitline. Besides structuring of the scripts for primary intervention and follow-ups after 1 week, 1 month, 6 months and a year, he also monitors calls, advices and coordinates with the supervisors to manage and analyze the data base, and reports to the PS lead at the Jaipur Center on overall performance and to plan strategic communication with the State Government on its outcomes...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Qinghua Yang, Michael Beatty
BACKGROUND: Despite the large corpus of literature on the credibility of health information, results of studies that examined the effect sizes for relationships between credibility and expertise/trustworthiness are inconsistent and have drawn attention to the ambiguity and uncertainty that surrounds the relationship between these constructs in the literature. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide an estimate of the magnitude of the relationship between manipulated expertise and trustworthiness in predicting health information credibility and to search for potential moderators of the relationship...
August 2016: HIM Journal
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