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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333806/asq-3-validation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-for-the-detection-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-argentine-children
#1
Ana M Romero Otalvaro, Nora Grañana, Nadia Gaeto, María de Los Á Torres, María N Zamblera, María A Vasconez, Claudia Misenta, María E Rouvier, Jane Squires
INTRODUCTION: The systematic assessment of child development in the first years of life is an essential component of pediatric health checkups. The Ages and Stages Questionnaire, third edition (ASQ-3) is the most validated scale, and has been recommended by the UNICEF to verify if children have a normal neurological development. It is a monitoring instrument to assess the main developmental areas, including communication, gross motor, fine motor, personal-social, and problem solving skills, and to compare the local population to the international development standards...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332616/addressing-children-s-needs-in-disasters-a-regional-pediatric-tabletop-exercise
#2
Sarita Chung, Aaron H Gardner, David J Schonfeld, Jessica L Franks, Marvin So, Eric J Dziuban, Georgina Peacock
OBJECTIVE: Preparing and responding to the needs of children during public health emergencies continues to be challenging. The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of a tabletop exercise in initiating pediatric preparedness strategies and assessing the impact of the exercise on participants' understanding of and confidence in their roles during pediatric public health emergencies. METHODS: A tabletop exercise was developed to simulate a public health emergency scenario involving smallpox in a child, with subsequent spread to multiple states...
January 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332503/-they-said-on-the-death-certificate%C3%A2-but-really-what-i-think-happened-characterizing-cause-of-death-in-va-medical-centers
#3
Beverly Rosa Williams, F Amos Bailey, Patricia S Goode, Kathryn L Burgio
Cause of death information is a vital resource for family and public health, yet significant issues persist regarding its determination, documentation and communication. In this study, we aim to characterize cause of death attribution process from the perspective of next-of-kin of Veterans who died in Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Centers. Using a semi-structured guide, we explored next-of-kin's experiences of the Veteran's terminal hospitalization and conducted a content analysis of interview texts. In over two-third of cases next-of-kin's understanding was not consistent with their recollection of physicians' determination of cause of death...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331213/-methodology-for-the-development-of-policy-brief-in-public-health
#4
Emily Felt, José Miguel Carrasco, Carmen Vives-Cases
A policy brief is a document that summarizes research to inform policy. In a brief and succinct way, it defines a policy problem, presents a synthesis of relevant evidence, identifies possible courses of action and makes recommendations or key points. The objective of this note is to describe the methodology used to produce a policy brief for communicating public health research. This note is based on the model presented by Eugene Bardach in addition to the authors' own experiences. We describe six steps: 1) identifying the audience; 2) defining the problem; 3) gathering information and evidence; 4) consideration of policy alternatives; 5) projecting results and designing recommendations; and 6) telling the story...
January 10, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331045/the-urgent-need-for-a-harmonized-severity-scoring-system-for-acute-allergic-reactions
#5
Antonella Muraro, Montserrat Fernandez-Rivas, Kirsten Beyer, Victòria Cardona, Andrew Clark, Esben Eller, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Marek Jutel, Aziz Sheikh, Ioana Agache, Katrina J Allen, Liz Angier, Barbara Ballmer-Weber, Maria Beatrice Bilò, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen, Carlos A Camargo, Antonella Cianferoni, Audrey DunnGalvin, Philippe A Eigenmann, Susanne Halken, Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber, Susanne Lau, Caroline Nilsson, Lars K Poulsen, Franziska Rueff, Jonathan Spergel, Gunter Sturm, Frans Timmermans, Maria J Torres, Paul Turner, Ronald van Ree, Magnus Wickman, Margitta Worm, E N Clare Mills, Graham Roberts
The accurate assessment and communication of the severity of acute allergic reactions is important to patients, clinicians, researchers, the food industry, public health and regulatory authorities. Severity has different meanings to different stakeholders with patients and clinicians rating the significance of particular symptoms very differently. Many severity scoring systems have been generated, most focusing on the severity of reactions following exposure to a limited group of allergens. They are heterogeneous in format, none has used an accepted developmental approach and none has been validated...
January 13, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330982/assessment-of-safety-levels-in-operation-rooms-at-two-major-tertiary-care-public-hospitals-of-karachi-safe-surgery-saves-life
#6
Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Muhammad Muzzammil, Jahanzeb Effendi
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to determine the knowledge and attitude towards surgical safety among the health care professionals including surgeons, anaesthetist, hospital administrators, and operation room personnel and raise awareness towards the importance of safe surgery. METHODS: A pilot cross- sectional study of 543 healthcare providers working in the operating rooms and the surgical intensive care units was conducted in two tertiary care hospitals, within a study period of one month...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329726/patient-centered-communication-of-community-treatment-assistants-in-tanzania-predicts-coverage-of-future-mass-drug-administration-for-trachoma
#7
Alexander Jenson, Debra L Roter, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Munoz, Sheila West
OBJECTIVE: Prevention of Trachoma, the leading cause of infectious blindness, requires community treatment assistants (CTAs) to perform mass drug administration (MDA) of azithromycin. Previous research has shown that female CTAs have higher MDA coverage, but no studies have focused on the content of conversation. We hypothesize that female CTAs had more patient-centered communication and higher MDA coverage. METHODS: In 2011, CTAs from 23 distribution sites undergoing MDA as part of the Partnership for Rapid Elimination of Trachoma were selected...
January 6, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329715/ten-questions-you-should-consider-before-submitting-an-article-to-a-scientific-journal
#8
A Falcó-Pegueroles, D Rodríguez-Martín
Investigating involves not only knowing the research methods and designs; it involves knowing the strategies for disseminating and publishing the results in scientific journals. An investigation is considered complete when it is published and is disclosed to the scientific community. The publication of a manuscript is not simple, since it involves examination by a rigorous editorial process evaluator to ensure the scientific quality of the proposal. The objective of this article is to communicate to potential authors the main errors or deficiencies that typically and routinely explain the decision by the referees of scientific journals not to accept a scientific article...
January 9, 2018: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329263/effect-of-radiological-countermeasures-on-subjective-well-being-and-radiation-anxiety-after-the-2011-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#9
Michio Murakami, Yoshitake Takebayashi, Yoshihito Takeda, Akiko Sato, Yasumasa Igarashi, Kazumi Sano, Tetsuo Yasutaka, Wataru Naito, Sumire Hirota, Aya Goto, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Koichi Tanigawa
After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident in 2011, concerns about radiation exposure and decline in subjective well-being have been reported. To tackle these problems, various countermeasures in relation to radiation have been implemented. In this study, we comprehensively evaluated the effects of radiological countermeasures on subjective well-being (e.g., satisfaction with life (SWL) and emotional well-being) and radiation anxiety, through a questionnaire survey targeting Fukushima residents (N = 1023)...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328870/agent-based-modeling-in-public-health-current-applications-and-future-directions
#10
Melissa Tracy, Magdalena Cerdá, Katherine M Keyes
Agent-based modeling is a computational approach in which agents with a specified set of characteristics interact with each other and with their environment according to predefined rules. We review key areas in public health where agent-based modeling has been adopted, including both communicable and noncommunicable disease, health behaviors, and social epidemiology. Wealso describe the main strengths and limitations of this approach for questions with public health relevance. Finally, we describe both methodologic and substantive future directions that we believe will enhance the value of agent-based modeling for public health...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325507/research-collaboration-in-a-communication-rights-campaign-lessons-learned
#11
Charlotte Ryan
In building public support for social change, activists in communities of color routinely approach broader audiences via news media. Communities of color, however, routinely face disparities that limit their access to media including local news media outlets. This lack of access mirrors inequalities in political, social, and economic arenas and can slow public awareness campaigns to address disparities in health, environmental, and other quality-of-life issues. I describe two community-based collaborative action research studies that documented and challenged how local television newscasts underrepresented and misrepresented three communities of color in Boston...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324567/electronic-health-record-implementation-findings-at-a-large-suburban-health-and-human-services-department
#12
Kenyon Crowley, Anubhuti Mishra, Raul Cruz-Cano, Robert Gold, Dushanka Kleinman, Ritu Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate an electronic health record (EHR) implementation across a large public health department to better understand and improve implementation effectiveness of EHRs in public health departments. DESIGN: A survey based on Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research constructs was administered to staff before and after implementation of an EHR. SETTING: Large suburban county department of health and human services that provides clinical, behavioral, social, and oral health services...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322290/psychologists-and-pediatricians-in-the-primary-care-sandbox-communication-is-key-to-cooperative-play
#13
Anne E Pidano, Prerna Arora, Polly Y Gipson, Bradley O Hudson, Kriston B Schellinger
Recent literature, public policy, and funding opportunities call attention to the need for better increased integration of health and mental health care services in primary care settings so as to best meet the needs of children and families. There are many benefits to such integration, but pediatric primary care providers (PCPs) face multiple barriers to identifying and managing patients with mental health difficulties. One way to address this problem is through the integration of psychologists into primary care settings who can collaborate with PCPs to provide integrated behavioral health care to youth and families...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322278/impacts-of-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-on-households-out-of-pocket-healthcare-expenditures-in-sri-lanka
#14
Asankha Pallegedara
This article examines the effects of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) on households' out-of-pocket health expenditures in Sri Lanka. We explore the disease specific impacts on out-of-pocket health care expenses from chronic NCDs such as heart diseases, hypertension, cancer, diabetics and asthma. We use nationwide cross-sectional household income and expenditure survey 2012/2013 data compiled by the department of census and statistics of Sri Lanka. Employing propensity score matching method to account for selectivity bias, we find that chronic NCD affected households appear to spend significantly higher out-of-pocket health care expenditures and encounter grater economic burden than matched control group despite having universal public health care policy in Sri Lanka...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Health Economics and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321068/psychosocial-issues-discovered-through-reflective-group-dialogue-between-medical-students
#15
Shao-Yin Chu, Chi-Wei Lin, Meei-Ju Lin, Chin-Chen Wen
BACKGROUND: The biopsychosocial model is a comprehensive approach emphasizing holistic medical care. However, medical curricula that incorporate narrative reflective writing and group dynamic discussion of psychosocial issues among patients and their family members in reflective dialogue groups are currently underutilized. The aim of this study was to determine psychosocial issues among patients and their family members through medical students' reflective dialogue groups. METHODS: This study was completed as part of a pediatric clerkship...
January 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320282/public-health-issues-in-2016-presidential-campaign-communications
#16
William Hatcher, Allison Vick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315420/e-cigarette-marketing-and-communication-how-e-cigarette-companies-market-e-cigarettes-and-the-public-engages-with-e-cigarette-information
#17
Lauren Collins, Allison M Glasser, Haneen Abudayyeh, Jennifer L Pearson, Andrea C Villanti
Introduction: Given the lack of regulation on marketing of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in the U.S. and the increasing exchange of e-cigarette-related information online, it is critical to understand how e-cigarette companies market e-cigarettes and how the public engages with e-cigarette information. Methods: Results are from a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature on e-cigarettes via a PubMed search through June 1, 2017. Search terms included: "e-cigarette*" OR "electronic cigarette" OR "electronic cigarettes" OR "electronic nicotine delivery" OR "vape" OR "vaping...
January 5, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314118/frequency-of-risk-related-news-media-messages-in-2016-coverage-of-zika-virus
#18
Tara Kirk Sell, Crystal Watson, Diane Meyer, Marissa Kronk, Sanjana Ravi, Laura E Pechta, Keri M Lubell, Dale A Rose
News media plays a large role in the information the public receives during an infectious disease outbreak, and may influence public knowledge and perceptions of risk. This study analyzed and described the content of U.S. news media coverage of Zika virus and Zika response during 2016. A random selection of 800 Zika-related news stories from 25 print and television news sources was analyzed. The study examined 24 different messages that appeared in news media articles and characterized them using theories of risk perception as messages with characteristics that could increase perception of risk (risk-elevating messages; n = 14), messages that could decrease perception of risk (risk-minimizing messages; n = 8), or messages about travel or testing guidance (n = 2)...
January 3, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313761/cancer-and-social-media-a-comparison-of-traffic-about-breast-cancer-prostate-cancer-and-other-reproductive-cancers-on-twitter-and-instagram
#19
Emily K Vraga, Anthony Stefanidis, Georgios Lamprianidis, Arie Croitoru, Andrew T Crooks, Paul L Delamater, Dieter Pfoser, Jacek R Radzikowski, Kathryn H Jacobsen
Social media are often heralded as offering cancer campaigns new opportunities to reach the public. However, these campaigns may not be equally successful, depending on the nature of the campaign itself, the type of cancer being addressed, and the social media platform being examined. This study is the first to compare social media activity on Twitter and Instagram across three time periods: #WorldCancerDay in February, the annual month-long campaigns of National Breast Cancer Awareness Month (NBCAM) in October and Movember in November, and during the full year outside of these campaigns...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310571/knowledge-perceptions-and-media-use-of-the-dutch-general-public-and-healthcare-workers-regarding-ebola-2014
#20
Lianne G C Schol, Madelief Mollers, Corien M Swaan, Desirée J M A Beaujean, Albert Wong, Aura Timen
BACKGROUND: The Ebola outbreak in West-Africa triggered risk communication activities to promote adequate preventive behaviour in the Netherlands. Our study investigated the level of knowledge, perceptions, and media use regarding Ebola. METHODS: In December 2014, an online questionnaire was administered to the Dutch population (n = 526) and Health Care Workers (HCW) (n = 760). RESULTS: The mean knowledge score (range 0-15) of HCW (m = 13...
January 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
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