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Public health communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138129/patient-portal-utilization-among-ethnically-diverse-low-income-older-adults-observational-study
#1
Thomas A Arcury, Sara A Quandt, Joanne C Sandberg, David P Miller, Celine Latulipe, Xiaoyan Leng, Jenifer W Talton, Kathryn P Melius, Alden Smith, Alain G Bertoni
BACKGROUND: Patient portals can improve patient communication with providers, provide patients with greater health information access, and help improve patient decision making, if they are used. Because research on factors facilitating and limiting patient portal utilization has not been conceptually based, no leverage points have been indicated for improving utilization. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective for this analysis was to use a conceptual framework to determine potentially modifiable factors affecting patient portal utilization by older adults (aged 55 years and older) who receive care at clinics that serve low income and ethnically diverse communities...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138016/the-challenges-of-detecting-and-responding-to-a-lassa-fever-outbreak-in-an-ebola-affected-setting
#2
E L Hamblion, P Raftery, A Wendland, E Dweh, G S Williams, R N C George, L Soro, V Katawera, P Clement, A N Gasasira, E Musa, T K Nagbe
OBJECTIVES: Lassa fever(LF), a priority emerging pathogen likely to cause major epidemics, is endemic in much of West Africa and difficult to distinguish from other viral haemorrhagic fevers including Ebola virus disease(EVD). Definitive diagnosis requires laboratory confirmation not widely available in affected settings. We report the public health action to contain a LF outbreak and challenges encountered in an EVD-affected setting. METHODS: In February 2016 a rapid response team was deployed in Liberia in response to a cluster of LF cases...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137659/the-effectiveness-of-research-implementation-strategies-for-promoting-evidence-informed-policy-and-management-decisions-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Mitchell N Sarkies, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Elizabeth H Skinner, Romi Haas, Haylee Lane, Terry P Haines
BACKGROUND: It is widely acknowledged that health policy and management decisions rarely reflect research evidence. Therefore, it is important to determine how to improve evidence-informed decision-making. The primary aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of research implementation strategies for promoting evidence-informed policy and management decisions in healthcare. The secondary aim of the review was to describe factors perceived to be associated with effective strategies and the inter-relationship between these factors...
November 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137609/a-comparative-content-analysis-of-media-reporting-of-sports-betting-in-australia-lessons-for-public-health-media-advocacy-approaches
#4
Jennifer L David, Samantha L Thomas, Melanie Randle, Steven J Bowe, Mike Daube
BACKGROUND: Harmful gambling is a significant public health issue. There has been widespread discussion in the Australian media about the extent and impact of sports betting on the Australian community, particularly relating to young men and children. Given the role that the media plays in influencing policy change and political agendas, and the acknowledgement that media based advocacy is a fundamental component of successful advocacy campaigns, this research aimed to investigate how different stakeholder groups discuss sports betting within the Australian print media...
November 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137464/zero-and-five-end-digit-preference-and-blood-pressure-quality-of-care-revisited
#5
Mehdi Yaseri, Mohsen Afarideh, Mostafa Hosseini, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Ali Rafei, Jalil Koohpayehzadeh, Fereshteh Asgari, Koorosh Etemad, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Sina Noshad, Mohsen Bagheri, Neamatollah Ataei
BACKGROUND: To determine the rate of zero and five end-digit preference (EDP) for systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP, respectively) and risk factors amongst a representative sample of Iranian adults in the year 2011. METHODS: Data gathered from 7997 Iranian adults aged 25-70 were extracted from the database of the sixth Survey of Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases, which surveyed a total of 11,864 individuals aged 6 to 70 years...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137208/asbestos-ban-in-italy-a-major-milestone-not-the-final-cut
#6
Daniela Marsili, Alessia Angelini, Caterina Bruno, Marisa Corfiati, Alessandro Marinaccio, Stefano Silvestri, Amerigo Zona, Pietro Comba
Background and history: Italy was the main asbestos producer and one of the greatest consumers in 20th century Europe until the asbestos ban was introduced in 1992. Asbestos exposure affected the population in a wide range of working environments, namely mining and marketing of asbestos, asbestos cement production, shipyards and textile industries. This also determined a widespread environmental asbestos exposure affecting the surrounding communities. Methods: To investigate the drivers and difficulties of the process leading to the asbestos ban and its subsequent implementation, we focused on stakeholder involvement, environmental health policies, capacity building and communication...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135066/developing-and-sustaining-a-career-as-a-transdisciplinary-nurse-scientist
#7
Kathleen T Hickey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of strategies to build and sustain a career as a nurse scientist. This article examines how to integrate technologies and precision approaches into clinical practice, research, and education of the next generation of nursing scholars. DESIGN: This article presents information for shaping a sustainable transdisciplinary career. Programs of research that utilize self-management to improve quality of life are discussed throughout the article...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132450/monitoring-receptivity-to-online-health-messages-by-tracking-daily-web-traffic-engagement-patterns-a-review-of-more-than-13-million-us-web-exposures-over-1-235-days
#8
Neil Seeman, Bob Seeman
Reaching the recipient of online health messages is necessary to Web-based health promotion applications. To measure willingness to adhere to a health-related Web message, we explored the frequency with which more than 13 million Web users ignored or opted to receive a random inbound message. The findings suggest declining curiosity among Web users about online messages, and that certain days may be more propitious than others for communicating with users. This approach can be modified to gather more granular insights into how messages, including timing and design features, can be tailored to promote improved public health messaging...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132449/using-mobile-apps-to-communicate-vaccination-records-a-city-wide-evaluation-with-a-national-immunization-app-maternal-child-registry-and-public-health-authorities
#9
Katherine M Atkinson, Ziad El-Khatib, Geoffery Barnum, Cameron Bell, Marie-Claude Turcotte, Malia S Q Murphy, Mari Teitelbaum, Pranesh Chakraborty, Lucie Laflamme, Kumanan Wilson
Medicine is experiencing a paradigm shift, where patients are increasingly involved in the management of their health data. We created a mobile app which permitted parental reporting of immunization status to public health authorities. We describe app use as a proxy for feasibility and acceptability as well as data utility for public health surveillance. The evaluation period ran from April 27, 2015, to April 18, 2017, during which time 2,653 unique children's records were transmitted, containing 36,105 vaccinations...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131732/yoga-and-healthcare-in-the-united-kingdom
#10
Heather Mason, Nicole Schnackenberg, Robin Monro
The emergence of yoga therapy in the United Kingdom began about 45 years ago with the emergence of yoga therapy organizations that offered both treatment and training. The integration of yoga into the National Health Service (NHS) is gradually happening Because: (a) yoga research supports its efficacy as a cost-effective, preventive and complementary treatment for a host of non-communicable diseases; and (b) the escalating economic burden of long-term conditions is overwhelming the NHS. The NHS is actively developing 'sustainability and transformation plans' that include yoga...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130378/the-experiences-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-and-caregivers-presenting-to-emergency-departments-a-qualitative-study
#11
Jennifer Philip, Cheryl Remedios, Sibilah Breen, Tracey Weiland, Lisa Willenberg, Mark Boughey, George Jelinek, Heather Lane, Claudia Marck, Jennifer Weil
BACKGROUND: Despite being a common event in the course of an advanced cancer illness, there is little understanding of patients' perceptions of hospital Emergency Department presentations. AIM: To explore the experiences and perceptions of Emergency Departments held by patients with advanced cancer and their informal caregivers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study involving semi-structured interviews with advanced cancer patients and their informal caregivers...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130264/the-economic-cost-of-communicable-disease-surveillance-in-local-public-health-agencies
#12
Adam Atherly, Melanie Whittington, Lisa VanRaemdonck, Sarah Lampe
OBJECTIVE: We identify economic costs associated with communicable disease (CD) monitoring/surveillance in Colorado local public health agencies and identify possible economies of scale. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data were collected via a survey of local public health employees engaged in CD work. Survey respondents logged time spent on CD surveillance for 2-week periods in the spring of 2014 and fall of 2014. Forty-three of the 54 local public health agencies in Colorado participated...
December 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125536/are-some-of-the-cigar-warnings-mandated-in-the-u-s-more-believable-than-others
#13
Kristen L Jarman, Sarah D Kowitt, Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Adam O Goldstein
Background: Text warnings are mandated on cigars sold in the United States (U.S.), however little published research has examined effectiveness of cigar warnings. This is the first study examining the believability of cigar warnings among adults in the U.S. Methods: Adults in the U.S. (n = 5014) were randomized in a phone survey to receive one of three cigar-specific mandated warning messages ("Cigar smoking can cause cancers of the mouth and throat, even if you do not inhale", "Cigar smoking can cause lung cancer and heart disease", and "Cigars are not a safe alternative to cigarettes") with one of four warning sources (no source, Surgeon General, CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), FDA (Food and Drug Administration))...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121942/ethical-aspects-of-brain-computer-interfaces-a-scoping-review
#14
Sasha Burwell, Matthew Sample, Eric Racine
BACKGROUND: Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) is a set of technologies that are of increasing interest to researchers. BCI has been proposed as assistive technology for individuals who are non-communicative or paralyzed, such as those with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or spinal cord injury. The technology has also been suggested for enhancement and entertainment uses, and there are companies currently marketing BCI devices for those purposes (e.g., gaming) as well as health-related purposes (e...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121051/process-evaluation-of-knowledge-transfer-across-industries-leveraging-coca-cola-s-supply-chain-expertise-for-medicine-availability-in-tanzania
#15
Erika Linnander, Christina T Yuan, Shirin Ahmed, Emily Cherlin, Kristina Talbert-Slagle, Leslie A Curry
Persistent gaps in the availability of essential medicines have slowed the achievement of global health targets. Despite the supply chain knowledge and expertise that ministries of health might glean from other industries, limited empirical research has examined the process of knowledge transfer from other industries into global public health. We examined a partnership designed to improve the availability of medical supplies in Tanzania by transferring knowledge from The Coca-Cola system to Tanzania's Medical Stores Department (MSD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118982/uneven-distribution-of-professors-and-instructors-in-medical-disciplines-dealing-with-the-four-main-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-the-case-of-the-italian-universities
#16
Giovanni Viegi, Stefano Centanni, Francesco Blasi
Background: Chronic (non-communicable) diseases (NCD) -- principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes -- are leading causes of death and disability. There is the need to adopt a core University curriculum which let students be taught by teachers who are experts of the four main NCD, for reaching the public health goals proposed by the UN and the WHO. Methods: Our aim was to assess whether all medical students, regardless of the Italian university of enrolment, have an equal opportunity to be educated by an expert teacher in each of the four NCD...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117644/respectful-care-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-globally-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#17
Elham Shakibazadeh, Masoumeh Namadian, Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Arash Rashidian, Vicky Nogueira Pileggi, Sofia Madeira, Sebastian Leathersich, Ӧzge Tunçalp, Olufemi T Oladapo, João Paulo Souza, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: What constitutes respectful maternity care (RMC) operationally in research and program implementation is often variable. OBJECTIVES: To develop a conceptualization of RMC. SEARCH STRATEGY: Key databases including PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Global Health Library; grey literature and reference lists of relevant studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: Primary qualitative studies focusing on care occurring during labour, childbirth and/or immediate postpartum in health facilities without any restrictions on locations or publication date...
November 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117321/the-international-glossary-on-infertility-and-fertility-care-2017
#18
Fernando Zegers-Hochschild, G David Adamson, Silke Dyer, Catherine Racowsky, Jacques de Mouzon, Rebecca Sokol, Laura Rienzi, Arne Sunde, Lone Schmidt, Ian D Cooke, Joe Leigh Simpson, Sheryl van der Poel
STUDY QUESTION: Can a consensus and evidence-driven set of terms and definitions be generated to be used globally in order to ensure consistency when reporting on infertility issues and fertility care interventions, as well as to harmonize communication among the medical and scientific communities, policy-makers, and lay public including individuals and couples experiencing fertility problems? SUMMARY ANSWER: A set of 283 consensus-based and evidence-driven terminologies used in infertility and fertility care has been generated through an inclusive consensus-based process with multiple stakeholders...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115995/developing-a-systems-based-framework-of-the-factors-influencing-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviours-in-ethnic-minority-populations-living-in-europe-a-dedipac-study
#19
Michelle Holdsworth, Mary Nicolaou, Lars Jørun Langøien, Hibbah Araba Osei-Kwasi, Sebastien F M Chastin, F Marijn Stok, Laura Capranica, Nanna Lien, Laura Terragni, Pablo Monsivais, Mario Mazzocchi, Lea Maes, Gun Roos, Caroline Mejean, Katie Powell, Karien Stronks
BACKGROUND: Some ethnic minority populations have a higher risk of non-communicable diseases than the majority European population. Diet and physical activity behaviours contribute to this risk, shaped by a system of inter-related factors. This study mapped a systems-based framework of the factors influencing dietary and physical activity behaviours in ethnic minority populations living in Europe, to inform research prioritisation and intervention development. METHODS: A concept mapping approach guided by systems thinking was used: i...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111826/integration-of-systematic-clinical-interprofessional-training-in-a-student-faculty-collaborative-primary-care-practice
#20
Amy R Weinstein, Maria C Dolce, Megan Koster, Ravi Parikh, Emily Hamlyn, Elizabeth A McNamara, Alexa Carlson, Margarita V DiVall
The changing healthcare environment and movement toward team-based care are contemporary challenges confronting health professional education. The primary care workforce must be prepared with recent national interprofessional competencies to practice and lead in this changing environment. From 2012 to 2014, the weekly Beth Israel Deaconess Crimson Care Collaborative Student-Faculty Practice collaborated with Northeastern University to develop, implement and evaluate an innovative model that incorporated interprofessional education into primary care practice with the goal of improving student understanding of, and ability to deliver quality, team-based care...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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