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Mass media in public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338430/state-level-point-of-sale-tobacco-news-coverage-and-policy-progression-over-a-2-year-period
#1
Allison E Myers, Brian G Southwell, Kurt M Ribisl, Sarah Moreland-Russell, J Michael Bowling, Leslie A Lytle
BACKGROUND: Mass media content may play an important role in policy change. However, the empirical relationship between media advocacy efforts and tobacco control policy success has rarely been studied. We examined the extent to which newspaper content characteristics (volume, slant, frame, source, use of evidence, and degree of localization) that have been identified as important in past descriptive studies were associated with policy progression over a 2-year period in the context of point-of-sale (POS) tobacco control...
January 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336684/a-systematic-search-and-review-of-adult-targeted-overweight-and-obesity-prevention-mass-media-campaigns-and-their-evaluation-2000-2017
#2
James Kite, Anne Grunseit, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Bill Bellew, Tom Carroll, Adrian Bauman
Mass media campaigns are a commonly used strategy in public health. However, no review has assessed whether the design and evaluation of overweight and obesity campaigns meets best practice recommendations. This study aimed to fill this gap. We systematically searched five databases for peer-reviewed articles describing adult-targeted obesity mass media campaigns published between 2000 and 2017, complemented by reference list searches and contact with authors and agencies responsible for the campaigns. We extracted data on campaign design, implementation, and evaluation from eligible publications and conducted a qualitative review of 29 publications reporting on 14 campaigns...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#3
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283867/the-impact-of-public-health-awareness-campaigns-on-the-awareness-and-quality-of-palliative-care
#4
Jane Seymour
OBJECTIVE: The right to health includes a right of access to good quality palliative care, but inequalities persist. Raising awareness is a key plank of the public health approach to palliative care, but involves consideration of subjects most of us prefer not to address. This review addresses the question: "do public health awareness campaigns effectively improve the awareness and quality of palliative care"? BACKGROUND: The evidence shows that public awareness campaigns can improve awareness of palliative care and probably improve quality of care, but there is a lack of evidence about the latter...
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261430/investigating-the-effects-of-mass-media-exposure-on-the-uptake-of-preventive-measures-by-hong-kong-residents-during-the-2015-mers-outbreak-the-mediating-role-of-interpersonal-communication-and-the-perception-of-concern
#5
Ramona Ludolph, Peter J Schulz, Ling Chen
In 2015, South Korea experienced the largest outbreak to date of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) outside the Middle East. Fears related to a potential spread of the disease led to an increased alert level as well as heightened media coverage in the neighboring Hong Kong. A cross-sectional survey (N = 533) among residents of Hong Kong was conducted to assess the relationships between the effects of outbreak-related mass media coverage, interpersonal communication, the perceived level of concern in one's close environment, and the uptake of preventive measures...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236542/systematic-review-of-health-communication-for-non-cigarette-tobacco-products
#6
Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Seth M Noar, Erin L Sutfin
The Food and Drug Administration, which now has regulatory authority over all tobacco products meeting the statutory definition, is tasked with communicating the risks of these products to the public through health warnings and public education. However, there have been no attempts to summarize what is known about non-cigarette tobacco product (NCTP) health messaging. We conducted a systematic review to examine the existing literature on health communication for NCTPs and identify key research gaps. A total of 45 unique studies were retrieved and coded, with the majority focused on messaging for smokeless tobacco (SLT, k = 32, 71...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235703/characteristics-of-healthy-weight-advertisements-in-three-countries
#7
Simone Pettigrew, Zenobia Talati, Isla Henriques, Belinda Morley, Kylie Ball
OBJECTIVE: High rates of population obesity have resulted in the dissemination of mass media campaigns that focus on achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. The aim of the present study was to analyse advertising techniques used in such campaigns to identify common and differential approaches in three countries with similar cultures and rates of obesity (Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States). METHODS: An Internet search was conducted to identify healthy weight television advertisements aired in the three countries...
December 13, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233318/a-course-for-developing-interprofessional-skills-in-pre-professional-honor-students-using-humanities-and-media
#8
Therese I Poirier, Connie Stamper-Carr, Kate Newman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To design and implement an undergraduate honors course for pre-health professional students that develops interpersonal skills through use of a variety of humanities. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A three credit hour course in an honors seminar sequence was developed by pharmacy practice faculty and with input from faculty in mass communications, philosophy, applied communication studies and history. The course utilized a variety of media such as literature, film, and podcasts to foster student discussion about a variety of health-related topics...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215555/the-effect-of-branding-to-promote-healthy-behavior-reducing-tobacco-use-among-youth-and-young-adults
#9
Donna Vallone, Marisa Greenberg, Haijun Xiao, Morgane Bennett, Jennifer Cantrell, Jessica Rath, Elizabeth Hair
Policy interventions such as public health mass media campaigns disseminate messages in order to improve health-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors at the population level. Only more recently have campaigns that promote health-related behaviors adopted branding, a well-established marketing strategy, to influence how consumers think and feel about a message. This study examines whether positive brand equity for the national truth® campaign is associated with lower likelihood of cigarette use over time using the nationally representative Truth Longitudinal Cohort of youth and young adults, aged 15-21...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189703/the-public-perception-of-nurses-an-italian-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ivan Rubbi, Valeria Cremonini, Giovanna Artioli, Annalisa Lenzini, Irene Talenti, Valeria Caponnetto, Carmen La Cerra, Cristina Petrucci, Loreto Lancia
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The public opinion about the nursing profession can influence health service users, the work performance of nurses, health policies, and the choice to become a nurse. The aim of this study was to investigate the perception of nursing in modern society. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 398 participants belonging to four population groups: Very Important Persons (VIPs), general population, upper-school students, and nursing students...
November 30, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171867/enthusiastic-portrayal-of-3d-bioprinting-in-the-media-ethical-side-effects
#11
Frederic Gilbert, John Noel M Viaña, Cathal D O'Connell, Susan Dodds
There has been a surge in mass media reports extolling the potential for using three-dimensional printing of biomaterials (3D bioprinting) to treat a wide range of clinical conditions. Given that mass media is recognized as one of the most important sources of health and medical information for the general public, especially prospective patients, we report and discuss the ethical consequences of coverage of 3D bioprinting in the media. First, we illustrate how positive mass media narratives of a similar biofabricated technology, namely the Macchiarini scaffold tracheas, which was involved in lethal experimental human trials, influenced potential patient perceptions...
November 24, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171638/can-beliefs-about-musculoskeletal-pain-and-work-be-changed-at-the-national-level-prospective-evaluation-of-the-danish-national-job-body-campaign
#12
Lars L Andersen, Niels Geisle, Brian Knudsen
Objectives This study evaluates the Danish national Job & Body campaign on beliefs about musculoskeletal pain and work. Methods Initiated in 2011, a national campaign in Denmark targeted public sector employees with a mixture of networking activities, workplace visits, and a mass media outreach with topics related to job and body (eg, musculoskeletal pain, movement and work) and creating balance between demands at work and physical capacity. At baseline (2011) and at four time points until the end of 2014, random cross-sectional samples of ≥≥1000 representative public sector employees (total N=5012) replied to eight questions concerning beliefs about musculoskeletal pain and work...
November 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159594/structural-interventions-in-hiv-prevention-a-taxonomy-and-descriptive-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Theresa Ann Sipe, Terrika L Barham, Wayne D Johnson, Heather A Joseph, Maria Luisa Tungol-Ashmon, Ann O'Leary
One of the four national HIV prevention goals is to incorporate combinations of effective, evidence-based approaches to prevent HIV infection. In fields of public health, techniques that alter environment and affect choice options are effective. Structural approaches may be effective in preventing HIV infection. Existing frameworks for structural interventions were lacking in breadth and/or depth. We conducted a systematic review and searched CDC's HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis Project's database for relevant interventions during 1988-2013...
November 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055149/the-implementation-of-knowledge-dissemination-in-the-prevention-of-occupational-skin-diseases
#14
A Wilke, U Bollmann, S Cazzaniga, A Hübner, S M John, J Karadzinska-Bislimovska, D Mijakoski, D Šimić, D Simon, F Sonsmann, S Stoleski, P Weinert, B Wulfhorst
BACKGROUND: Occupational skin diseases (OSD) have a high medical, social, economic and political impact. Knowledge dissemination from research activities to key stakeholders involved in health care is a prerequisite to make prevention effective. OBJECTIVES: To study and prioritize different activity fields and stakeholders that are involved in the prevention of OSD, to reflect on their inter-relationships, to develop a strategic approach for knowledge dissemination and to develop a hands-on tool for OSD prevention projects METHODS: Seven different activity fields that are relevant in the prevention of OSD have been stepwise identified...
October 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945758/melanoma-screening-informing-public-health-policy-with-quantitative-modelling
#15
Stephen Gilmore
Australia and New Zealand share the highest incidence rates of melanoma worldwide. Despite the substantial increase in public and physician awareness of melanoma in Australia over the last 30 years-as a result of the introduction of publicly funded mass media campaigns that began in the early 1980s -mortality has steadily increased during this period. This increased mortality has led investigators to question the relative merits of primary versus secondary prevention; that is, sensible sun exposure practices versus early detection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941856/effective-communication-approaches-in-tuberculosis-control-health-workers-perceptions-and-experiences
#16
Sriram Arulchelvan, Rengan Elangovan
BACKGROUND: Health workers' experiences and understanding of the myths, misconceptions, beliefs about TB, and patients in the community (and effective communication methods) can be useful in designing effective IEC materials and strategies. OBJECTIVE: To study the perceptions and experiences of health workers regarding TB disease, patients, and effective communication strategies in TB control. METHODS: A survey was conducted among health workers involved in Directly Observed Treatment Short (DOTS) course...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895679/a-modern-approach-to-the-management-of-patients-candidate-to-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#17
Roberta Venturella, Alberto Vaiarelli, Daniela Lico, Filippo M Ubaldi, Fulvio Zullo, Costantino DI Carlo
The growing use of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) and the incorrect information from mass media, determined in the public the wrong idea that the right moment of life for programming a pregnancy can be delayed well beyond the physiological fertile age. Spare and insufficient health authorities' interventions are driven to explain to the general population the reduction of the fertility potential of couples and particularly of women with advancing age. This situation, characterized by more and more women seeking for pregnancy after age 38-40 imposes to specialists in Reproductive Medicine an honest and transparent counselling...
September 12, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895659/implementation-strategies-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#18
REVIEW
Tomas Pantoja, Newton Opiyo, Simon Lewin, Elizabeth Paulsen, Agustín Ciapponi, Charles S Wiysonge, Cristian A Herrera, Gabriel Rada, Blanca Peñaloza, Lilian Dudley, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: A key function of health systems is implementing interventions to improve health, but coverage of essential health interventions remains low in low-income countries. Implementing interventions can be challenging, particularly if it entails complex changes in clinical routines; in collaborative patterns among different healthcare providers and disciplines; in the behaviour of providers, patients or other stakeholders; or in the organisation of care. Decision-makers may use a range of strategies to implement health interventions, and these choices should be based on evidence of the strategies' effectiveness...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882920/the-hat-trick-programme-for-improving-physical-activity-healthy-eating-and-connectedness-among-overweight-inactive-men-study-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-feasibility-trial
#19
Cristina M Caperchione, Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Steven T Johnson, Kate Hunt, Paul Sharp, Kayla M Fitzpatrick, Ryley Price, S Larry Goldenberg
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity, healthy eating and maintaining a healthy weight are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer and with improved mental health. Despite these benefits, many men do not meet recommended physical activity guidelines and have poor eating behaviours. Many health promotion programmes hold little appeal to men and consequently fail to influence men's health practices. HAT TRICK was designed as a 12-week face-to-face, gender-sensitised intervention for overweight and inactive men focusing on physical activity, healthy eating and social connectedness and was delivered in collaboration with a major junior Canadian ice hockey team (age range 16-20 years)...
September 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841045/guns-culture-or-mental-health-framing-mass-shootings-as-a-public-health-crisis
#20
Ruth DeFoster, Natashia Swalve
In recent years, public health scholars and policymakers have been calling for increased research on the public health implications of gun violence. However, scientific research on this issue has been stifled by a 1996 budget rider that eliminated Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) funding for gun research. In this study, we examined newspaper coverage of three mass shootings that took place over a 20-year period before and after the passage of this budget rider. We found that sources and frames provided by news media to contextualize gun violence shifted markedly over time, progressing from episodic and individual-level frames to broader thematic societal-level concerns, with increased discussion of mental health but limited discourse explicitly related to public health...
August 25, 2017: Health Communication
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