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Mass media in public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899099/public-awareness-of-the-link-between-alcohol-and-cancer-in-england-in-2015-a-population-based-survey
#1
Penny Buykx, Jessica Li, Lucy Gavens, Lucie Hooper, Melanie Lovatt, Elena Gomes de Matos, Petra Meier, John Holmes
BACKGROUND: Public knowledge of the association between alcohol and cancer is reported to be low. We aimed to provide up-to-date evidence for England regarding awareness of the link between alcohol and different cancers and to determine whether awareness differs by demographic characteristics, alcohol use, and geographic region. METHODS: A representative sample of 2100 adults completed an online survey in July 2015. Respondents were asked to identify which health outcomes, including specific cancers, may be caused by alcohol consumption...
November 30, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876685/efficacy-of-mobile-serious-games-in-increasing-hiv-risk-perception-in-swaziland-a-randomized-control-trial-sgprev-trial-research-protocol
#2
Bhekumusa Wellington Lukhele, Patou Musumari, Christina El-Saaidi, Teeranee Techasrivichien, S Pilar Suguimoto, Masako Ono Kihara, Masahiro Kihara
BACKGROUND: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) continue to be a major public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), particularly in Swaziland, which has the highest HIV prevalence in this region. A wide range of strategies and interventions have been used to promote behavior change, though almost all such interventions have involved mass media. Therefore, innovative behavior change strategies beyond mass media communication are urgently needed...
November 22, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855104/standardised-tobacco-packaging-a-health-policy-case-study-of-corporate-conflict-expansion-and-adaptation
#3
Jenny L Hatchard, Gary J Fooks, Anna B Gilmore
OBJECTIVES: To investigate opposition to standardised tobacco packaging in the UK. To increase understanding of how transnational corporations are adapting to changes in their access to policymakers precipitated by Article 5.3 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). DESIGN: Case study web-based documentary analysis, using NVivo V.10. Examination of relationships between opponents of standardised packaging and transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) and of the volume, nature, transparency and timing of their activities...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848253/role-of-health-care-professionals-in-preventative-activities-and-vaccination-programs-during-outbreaks
#4
Sándor Balogh, Renáta Papp, Csilla Busa, Ágnes Csikós
PURPOSE: The general purpose of TELL ME study was to give an insight into the experiences of European family physicians with management of H1N1 pandemic flu. METHODS: Qualitative research methods (focus group discussions, one-to-one interviews, and online data collection) were used to explore family doctors' opinion and suggestions. Overall 158 family physicians took part in the study from six European countries. RESULTS: Family doctors' most important experience was that the official campaign was not able to compensate negative effects of the mass media...
November 16, 2016: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836155/mental-illness-and-firearms-legal-context-and-clinical-approaches
#5
REVIEW
Debra A Pinals, Lisa Anacker
Gun violence and mental illness is a major area of media attention, especially because highly publicized mass shootings seem to have become more commonly reported in the press. Gun access also is undergoing a highly politicized debate in the United States. It is important for mental health practitioners to understand the background and context of laws related to firearms access, and to understand data related to risk of suicide and violence toward others caused by gun violence among persons with mental illness...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815565/exposure-assessment-of-chemical-hazards-in-pork-meat-liver-and-kidney-and-health-impact-implication-in-hung-yen-and-nghe-an-provinces-vietnam
#6
Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh, Dang Xuan Sinh, Pham Duc Phuc, Tran Thi Ngan, Chu Van Tuat, Delia Grace, Fred Unger, Hung Nguyen-Viet
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses the risk of exposure to hazardous chemical residues in pork meat, liver, and kidney collected at wet markets in Nghe An and Hung Yen provinces and discusses health impact implication. METHODS: 514 pig feed, kidney, liver, and pork samples were pooled and qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed for tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones, sulphonamide, chloramphenicol, β-agonists, and heavy metals. We compare the results with current regulations on chemical residues and discuss health implications...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805756/violence-against-women-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-nurses-and-midwives
#7
Patrizia Di Giacomo, Alessandra Cavallo, AnnaMaria Bagnasco, Marina Sartini, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study's objective is to describe the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of nurses and midwives who have attended to women who suffered violence. This study further analyses the possible changes of attitude that have occurred over the past 5 years. BACKGROUND: Gender violence or violence against women is the largest problem with regard to public health and violated human rights all over the world. In Italy, it is estimated that 31.5 % of women suffer physical or sexual violence during their life...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802843/tackling-obesity-in-areas-of-high-social-deprivation-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-task-based-weight-management-group-programme-a-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation
#8
Hayden McRobbie, Peter Hajek, Sarrah Peerbux, Brennan C Kahan, Sandra Eldridge, Dominic Trépel, Steve Parrott, Chris Griffiths, Sarah Snuggs, Katie Myers Smith
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of people require help to manage their weight. The NHS recommends weight loss advice by general practitioners and/or a referral to a practice nurse. Although this is helpful for some, more effective approaches that can be disseminated economically on a large scale are needed. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether or not a task-based weight management programme [Weight Action Programme (WAP)] has better long-term effects than a 'best practice' intervention provided in primary care by practice nurses...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783612/the-cost-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-south-africa
#9
Michel Tchuenche, Eurica Palmer, Vibhuti Haté, Ananthy Thambinayagam, Dayanund Loykissoonlal, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Steven Forsythe
Given compelling evidence associating voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) with men's reduced HIV acquisition through heterosexual intercourse, South Africa in 2010 began scaling up VMMC. To project the resources needed to complete 4.3 million circumcisions between 2010 and 2016, we (1) estimated the unit cost to provide VMMC; (2) assessed cost drivers and cost variances across eight provinces and VMMC service delivery modes; and (3) evaluated the costs associated with mobilize and motivate men and boys to access VMMC services...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763847/impact-of-a-mass-media-mental-health-campaign-on-psychiatric-emergency-department-visits
#10
Joyce Cheng, Paul Benassi, Claire De Oliveira, Juveria Zaheer, Michael Collins, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of mental illnesses and addictions, treatment rates remain low. In April 2010, a regional mass media campaign was implemented to increase awareness of mental health services in central Toronto, Canada. We studied the impact of this campaign on rates of psychiatric emergency department (PED) visits among all hospital emergency departments (EDs) located in Toronto. DESIGN: Monthly PED visit totals were obtained for all Toronto EDs from April 1, 2007 to March 31, 2012 (n = 148,704)...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753983/sy-09-1-lowering-salt-intake-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-what-is-the-evidence
#11
Francesco Cappuccio
The evidence. Salt (i.e. sodium chloride) is causally related to blood pressure (BP). The higher the salt intake, the higher the BP, an effect seen since birth. A small and sustained reduction in salt intake causes a fall in BP. The evidence from controlled studies, small and large, short and long, all agree on the following: (1) salt intake is one of the major determinants of BP in populations and individuals; (2) a reduction in salt intake causes a dose-dependent reduction in BP - the lower the salt the lower the BP; (3) the effect is seen in both sexes, in people of all ages and ethnic groups, and with all starting BPs...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752012/risk-factors-for-chronic-kidney-disease-in-urban-uyo-south-south-nigeria
#12
Effiong Ekong Akpan, Udeme Ekpenyong Ekrikpo, Aniema Isaac Assam Udo
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing the world over, and it is now regarded as a public health problem. The prevalence of CKD in Nigeria remained largely unknown with hospital-based data of 2-8%. However, emerging community studies show a prevalence of 10-26.8%. This study was conducted during the 2013 world kidney day activities in Uyo, Akwa Ibom, State of Nigeria, with an estimated population of 554,906 people. Sensitizations of members of the public were ensured through the media...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711211/correlates-of-unwanted-births-in-bangladesh-a-study-through-path-analysis
#13
Tapan Kumar Roy, Brijesh P Singh
BACKGROUND: Unwanted birth is an important public health concern due to its negative association with adverse outcomes of mothers and children as well as socioeconomic development of a country. Although a number of studies have been investigated the determinants of unwanted births through logistic regression analysis, an extensive assessment using path model is lacking. In the current study, we applied path analysis to know the important covariates for unwanted births in Bangladesh. METHODS: The study used data extracted from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664597/interventions-for-adolescent-substance-abuse-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#14
REVIEW
Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Ahmed Arshad, Yaron Finkelstein, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Many unhealthy behaviors often begin during adolescence and represent major public health challenges. Substance abuse has a major impact on individuals, families, and communities, as its effects are cumulative, contributing to costly social, physical, and mental health problems. We conducted an overview of systematic reviews to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to prevent substance abuse among adolescents. We report findings from a total of 46 systematic reviews focusing on interventions for smoking/tobacco use, alcohol use, drug use, and combined substance abuse...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658571/characterizing-the-perceived-newsworthiness-of-health-science-articles-a-data-driven-approach
#15
Ye Zhang, Erin Willis, Michael J Paul, Noémie Elhadad, Byron C Wallace
BACKGROUND: Health science findings are primarily disseminated through manuscript publications. Information subsidies are used to communicate newsworthy findings to journalists in an effort to earn mass media coverage and further disseminate health science research to mass audiences. Journal editors and news journalists then select which news stories receive coverage and thus public attention. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify attributes of published health science articles that correlate with (1) journal editor issuance of press releases and (2) mainstream media coverage...
2016: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649752/hajj-stampede-disaster-2015-reflections-from-the-frontlines
#16
Anas A Khan, Eric K Noji
The Hajj is an annual religious mass gathering that takes place in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The complexity of its system is multidimensional, with religious, political, cultural, security, economic, communication, operational, and logistic unique challenges. This year, yet another stampede tragedy that caused around a 1,000 deaths and severe injuries, capturing worldwide media attention and exacerbating existing political tensions across the Gulf coasts was faced. Planning is important but the planning process is more important, requiring systematic analysis based on accurate collected and targeting root cause factors...
2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604081/infectious-diseases-epidemic-threats-and-mass-gatherings-refocusing-global-attention-on-the-continuing-spread-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov
#17
EDITORIAL
Alimuddin Zumla, Abdulaziz N Alagaili, Matthew Cotten, Esam I Azhar
Media and World Health Organization (WHO) attention on Zika virus transmission at the 2016 Rio Olympic Games and the 2015 Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa diverted the attention of global public health authorities from other lethal infectious diseases with epidemic potential. Mass gatherings such as the annual Hajj pilgrimage hosted by Kingdom of Saudi Arabia attract huge crowds from all continents, creating high-risk conditions for the rapid global spread of infectious diseases. The highly lethal Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) remains in the WHO list of top emerging diseases likely to cause major epidemics...
2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498446/marketing-communication-in-the-area-of-breast-and-cervical-cancer-prevention
#18
Jelena Cvijović, Milica Kostić-Stanković, Goran Krstić, Ljupce Stojanović
BACKGROUND/AIM: Innovative marketing campaigns and promotional activities can successfully contribute to the improvement of public health by raising the level of general knowledge about health issues and benefits that the change of habits, eradication of undesirable behaviour and regular medical controls have. The focus should be on continuous marketing communication through various mass media or direct communication between medical staff and patients. The aim of this paper was to define the role that various communication channels have in the process of informing and educating the target group in case of breast and cervical cancer prevention...
June 2016: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27483980/business-and-breakthrough-framing-expanded-genetic-carrier-screening-for-the-public
#19
Avery E Holton, Heather E Canary, Bob Wong
A growing body of research has given attention to issues surrounding genetic testing, including expanded carrier screening (ECS), an elective medical test that allows planning or expecting parents to consider the potential occurrence of genetic diseases and disorders in their children. These studies have noted the role of the mass media in driving public perceptions about such testing, giving particular attention to ways in which coverage of genetics and genetic testing broadly may drive public attitudes and choices concerning the morality, legality, ethics, and parental well-being involved in genetic technologies...
August 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438903/remarkable-efficiency-of-phosphate-removal-ferrate-vi-induced-in-situ-sorption-on-core-shell-nanoparticles
#20
Radina P Kralchevska, Robert Prucek, Jan Kolařík, Jiří Tuček, Libor Machala, Jan Filip, Virender K Sharma, Radek Zbořil
Despite the importance of phosphorus as a nutrient for humans and its role in ecological sustainability, its high abundance, resulting in large part from human activities, causes eutrophication that negatively affects the environment and public health. Here, we present the use of ferrate(VI) as an alternative agent for removing phosphorus from aqueous media. We address the mechanism of phosphate removal as a function of the Fe/P mass ratio and the pH value of the solution. The isoelectric point of γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles, formed as dominant Fe(VI) decomposition products, was identified to play a crucial role in predicting their efficiency in removing of phosphates...
October 15, 2016: Water Research
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