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Mass media in public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772848/increased-vaccination-coverage-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-the-district-of-palermo-as-a-result-of-a-public-health-strategy-to-counteract-an-epidemic-panic
#1
Claudio Costantino, Vincenzo Restivo, Gianmarco Ventura, Claudio D'Angelo, Maria Angela Randazzo, Nicolò Casuccio, Mario Palermo, Alessandra Casuccio, Francesco Vitale
During the summer of 2016 four cases of invasive meningococcal disease in rapid succession among young adults in the district of Palermo, Italy, resulting in one death, were widely reported by local and national mass media. The resultant 'epidemic panic' among the general population overloaded the vaccination units of the Palermo district over the following months. Strategies implemented by the Sicilian and local public health authorities to counteract 'meningitis fear' included the following: (a) extension of active and free-of-charge anti-meningococcal tetravalent vaccination from age class 12⁻18 to 12⁻30 years old; (b) implementation of vaccination units during normal clinic hours in rooms tailored for vaccine administration; (c) development of informative institutional tools and timely communication throughout local mass media to reassure the general population...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751754/examining-diffusion-to-understand-the-how-of-sasa-a-violence-against-women-and-hiv-prevention-intervention-in-uganda
#2
Elizabeth Starmann, Lori Heise, Nambusi Kyegombe, Karen Devries, Tanya Abramsky, Lori Michau, Tina Musuya, Charlotte Watts, Martine Collumbien
BACKGROUND: A growing number of complex public health interventions combine mass media with community-based "change agents" and/or mobilisation efforts acting at multiple levels. While impact evaluations are important, there is a paucity of research into the more nuanced roles intervention and social network factors may play in achieving intervention outcomes, making it difficult to understand how different aspects of the intervention worked (or did not). This study applied aspects of diffusion of innovations theory to explore how SASA!, a community mobilisation approach for preventing HIV and violence against women, diffused within intervention communities and the factors that influenced the uptake of new ideas and behaviours around intimate partner relationships and violence...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746204/sex-education-public-opinion-and-pornography-a-conditional-process-analysis
#3
Paul J Wright
This study assesses the relationship between pornography consumption and support for sex education in public schools among adults in the United States. Goals were theoretical and applied. At the theoretical level, conditional process analyses are needed to further evaluate the predictions of the primary theory applied to pornography and social influence, the sexual script acquisition, activation, application model (3 AM) of sexual media socialization. At the applied level, themes in pornography are most often associated with socialization outcomes that are a threat to the public health...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695387/controlled-cohort-evaluation-of-the-livelighter-mass-media-campaign-s-impact-on-adults-reported-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#4
Belinda C Morley, Philippa H Niven, Helen G Dixon, Maurice G Swanson, Alison B McAleese, Melanie A Wakefield
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the LiveLighter 'Sugary Drinks' campaign impact on awareness, knowledge and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. DESIGN: Cohort study with population surveys undertaken in intervention and comparison states at baseline (n=900 each), with 78% retention at follow-up (intervention: n=673; comparison: n=730). Analyses tested interactions by state (intervention, comparison) and time (baseline, follow-up). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 25-49 years residing in the Australian states of Victoria and South Australia...
April 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695238/mass-media-and-risk-factors-for-cancer-the-under-representation-of-age
#5
Sara Macdonald, Yvonne Cunningham, Chris Patterson, Katie Robb, Una Macleod, Thomas Anker, Shona Hilton
BACKGROUND: Increasing age is a risk factor for developing cancer. Yet, older people commonly underestimate this risk, are less likely to be aware of the early symptoms, and are more likely to be diagnosed with advanced stage cancer. Mass media are a key influence on the public's understanding health issues, including cancer risk. This study investigates how news media have represented age and other risk factors in the most common cancers over time. METHODS: Eight hundred articles about the four most common cancers (breast, prostate, lung and colorectal) published within eight UK national newspapers in 2003, 2004, 2013 and 2014 were identified using the Nexis database...
April 26, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672988/evaluation-of-a-public-education-campaign-to-support-parents-to-reduce-adolescent-alcohol-use
#6
Robyn S Johnston, Julia Stafford, Michelle I Jongenelis, Therese Shaw, Hannah Samsa, Eleanor Costello, Gary Kirby
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Mass media education campaigns targeting parents may influence parent factors that reduce adolescent drinking; however few such campaigns have been evaluated. DESIGN AND METHODS: The Parents, Young People and Alcohol campaign included two phases of mass media advertising, Cogs and I See, to deliver consistent messages across multiple media channels. The campaign targeted Western Australian parents of 12-17 year olds with messages describing alcohol's effect on the developing brain and adolescent physical and mental health...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625954/youth-mental-health-services-utilization-rates-after-a-large-scale-social-media-campaign-population-based-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#7
Richard G Booth, Britney N Allen, Krista M Bray Jenkyn, Lihua Li, Salimah Z Shariff
BACKGROUND: Despite the uptake of mass media campaigns, their overall impact remains unclear. Since 2011, a Canadian telecommunications company has operated an annual, large-scale mental health advocacy campaign (Bell Let's Talk) focused on mental health awareness and stigma reduction. In February 2012, the campaign began to explicitly leverage the social media platform Twitter and incented participation from the public by promising donations of Can $0.05 for each interaction with a campaign-specific username (@Bell_LetsTalk)...
April 6, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618220/the-physical-properties-of-ceramides-in-membranes
#8
Alicia Alonso, Félix M Goñi
Ceramides are sphingolipids containing a sphingosine or a related base, to which a fatty acid is linked through an amide bond. When incorporated into a lipid bilayer, ceramides exhibit a number of properties not shared by almost any other membrane lipid: Ceramides (a) are extremely hydrophobic and thus cannot exist in suspension in aqueous media; (b) increase the molecular order (rigidity) of phospholipids in membranes; (c) give rise to lateral phase separation and domain formation in phospholipid bilayers; (d) possess a marked intrinsic negative curvature that facilitates formation of inverted hexagonal phases; (e) make bilayers and cell membranes permeable to small and large (i...
April 4, 2018: Annual Review of Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582640/effectiveness-of-a-mass-media-campaign-on-oral-carcinogens-and-their-effects-on-the-oral-cavity
#9
Ashish Shrestha, Jyotsna Rimal
Objective: To develop a mass media campaign on oral carcinogens and their effects on the oral cavity in order to increase awareness among the general population. Methods: Documentary and public service announcements highlighting the effects of tobacco and its products were designed and developed based on principles of behavior change. A questionnaire, designed to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of people regarding oral carcinogens, was used to conduct a baseline survey at various sites in eastern Nepal...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532292/antibiotic-use-for-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-arti-in-primary-care-what-factors-affect-prescribing-and-why-is-it-important-a-narrative-review
#10
Ray O'Connor, Jane O'Doherty, Andrew O'Regan, Colum Dunne
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is an emerging global threat to health and is associated with increased consumption of antibiotics. Seventy-four per cent of antibiotic prescribing takes place in primary care. Much of this is for inappropriate treatment of acute respiratory tract infections. AIMS: To review the published literature pertaining to antibiotic prescribing in order to identify and understand the factors that affect primary care providers' prescribing decisions...
March 12, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524378/integrative-review-of-factors-that-affect-the-use-of-postpartum-care-services-in-developing-countries
#11
REVIEW
Yenupini Joyce Adams, Barbara A Smith
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that affect the use of postpartum care services in developing countries. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, Global Health, EMBASE, and grey literature were searched for relevant articles in 2015 and 2016 with no publication date limit imposed. STUDY SELECTION: Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria and were assessed for quality with the use of a checklist developed by Fowkes and Fulton (1991) and a checklist developed by the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (2017)...
May 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514251/review-of-policies-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-physical-activity-in-49-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
S A Darfour-Oduro, J E Andrade, D S Grigsby-Toussaint
Background: Inadequate physical activity (PA) and consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) are known risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Consequently, the World Health Organization (WHO) encourages the development of policies to increase PA and FV consumption. We reviewed available policies between 2004 and 2013 to increase FV consumption and PA from a convenience sample of 49 LMICs. Method: Information on national policies were obtained from government ministries involved with the formulation of nutrition and PA policies, WHO databases and from PubMed and Scopus...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486208/meat-in-the-post-truth-era-mass-media-discourses-on-health-and-disease-in-the-attention-economy
#13
Frédéric Leroy, Malaika Brengman, Wouter Ryckbosch, Peter Scholliers
The debate on meat's role in health and disease is a rowdy and dissonant one. This study uses the health section of the online version of The Daily Mail as a case study to carry out a quantitative and qualitative reflection on the related discourses in mass media during the first fifteen years of the 21st century. This period ranged from the fall-out of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) crisis and its associated food safety anxieties, over the Atkins diet-craze in 2003 and the avian flu episode in 2007, to the highly influential publication of the report on colon cancer by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2015...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479459/media-framing-and-construction-of-childhood-obesity-a-content-analysis-of-swedish-newspapers
#14
J van Hooft, C Patterson, M Löf, C Alexandrou, S Hilton, A Nimegeer
Objective: Despite lower prevalence than most European countries, childhood obesity is a Swedish public health priority due to its lasting health impacts and socioeconomic patterning. Mass media content influences public and political perceptions of health issues, and media framing of childhood obesity may influence perceptions of its solutions. This study examines framing of childhood obesity in Swedish morning and evening newspapers from 1996 to 2014. Methods: Content analysis of 726 articles about childhood obesity published in the five most-circulated Swedish newspapers...
February 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456378/utilization-and-impact-of-electronic-and-print-media-on-the-patients-health-status-physicians-perspectives
#15
Sadia Shakeel, Shagufta Nesar, Najia Rahim, Wajiha Iffat, Hafiza Fouzia Ahmed, Mehwish Rizvi, Shazia Jamshed
Aims: Despite an increased popularity of print and electronic media applications, there is a paucity of data reflecting doctors' opinions regarding efficient utilization of these resources for the betterment of public health. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the perception of physicians toward the effect of electronic and print media on the health status of patients. Setting and Design: The current research is a cross-sectional study conducted from January 2015 to July 2015...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439866/mass-media-effect-on-vaccines-uptake-during-silent-polio-outbreak
#16
Iftach Sagy, Victor Novack, Michael Gdalevich, Dan Greenberg
BACKGROUND: During 2013, isolation of a wild type 1 poliovirus from routine sewage sample in Israel, led to a national OPV campaign. During this period, there was a constant cover of the outbreak by the mass media. AIMS: To investigate the association of media exposure and OPV and non-OPV vaccines uptake during the 2013 silent polio outbreak in Israel. METHODS: We received data on daily immunization rates during the outbreak period from the Ministry of Health (MoH)...
March 14, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434015/trust-in-health-information-sources-survey-analysis-of-variation-by-sociodemographic-and-tobacco-use-status-in-oklahoma
#17
Cati G Brown-Johnson, Lindsay M Boeckman, Ashley H White, Andrea D Burbank, Sjonna Paulson, Laura A Beebe
BACKGROUND: Modern technology (ie, websites and social media) has significantly changed social mores in health information access and delivery. Although mass media campaigns for health intervention have proven effective and cost-effective in changing health behavior at a population scale, this is best studied in traditional media sources (ie, radio and television). Digital health interventions are options that use short message service/text messaging, social media, and internet technology...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433138/-alert-for-meningitis-in-palermo-successful-strategies-to-counteract-the-impact-of-mass-media
#18
Gianmarco Ventura, Vincenzo Restivo, Claudio Costantino, Nicolò Casuccio, Claudio D'Angelo, Paola Stefanelli, Alessandra Casuccio, Francesco Vitale
Following two invasive meningococcal disease cases among twenties, general population overloaded vaccination Units of the Palermo's District during summer 2016. Sicilian Health Authorities adopted several public health strategies including: a) active meningococcal vaccination free of charge for people from 18 up to 30 years of age, b) information in crowded places and rapid communication by media. An increase in anti-meningococcal vaccination doses administered (+868%) as well as in anti-dTp and HPV vaccination (+41% and +8%, respectively) due to a further catch-up was observed...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394275/rapid-identification-of-mycobacteria-from-positive-mgit-broths-of-primary-cultures-by-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry
#19
Tsi-Shu Huang, Chia-Chien Lee, Hui-Zin Tu, Susan Shin-Jung Lee
BACKGROUND: Rapid identification of mycobacteria is important for timely treatment and the implementation of public health measures. The MGIT system ensures rapid detection of mycobacteria, but identification is usually delayed by days to weeks due to further subculture on solid medium. Matrix-assisted laser desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) was demonstrated to effectively identify mycobacteria isolates subcultured from solid or liquid media. Reports of identification directly from MGIT broths of both sterile and non-sterile clinical specimens, omitting the subculture step, were limited and not satisfactory before...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354394/effects-of-timely-control-intervention-on-the-spread-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-infection
#20
Ilsu Choi, Dong Ho Lee, Yongkuk Kim
Objectives: The 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak in Korea caused major economic and social problems. The control intervention was conducted during the MERS-CoV outbreak in Korea immediately after the confirmation of the index case. This study investigates whether the early risk communication with the general public and mass media is an effective preventive strategy. Methods: The SEIR (Susceptible, Exposed, Infectious, Recovered) model with estimated parameters for the time series data of the daily MERS-CoV incidence in Korea was considered from May to December 2015...
December 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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