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Mass media in public health

Ray O'Connor, Jane O'Doherty, Andrew O'Regan, Colum Dunne
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is an emerging global threat to health and is associated with increased consumption of antibiotics. Seventy-four per cent of antibiotic prescribing takes place in primary care. Much of this is for inappropriate treatment of acute respiratory tract infections. AIMS: To review the published literature pertaining to antibiotic prescribing in order to identify and understand the factors that affect primary care providers' prescribing decisions...
March 12, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Yenupini Joyce Adams, Barbara Smith
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that affect the use of postpartum care services in developing countries. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, Global Health, EMBASE, and grey literature were searched for relevant articles in 2015 and 2016 with no publication date limit imposed. STUDY SELECTION: Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria and were assessed for quality with the use of a checklist developed by Fowkes and Fulton (1991) and a checklist developed by the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (2017)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
S A Darfour-Oduro, J E Andrade, D S Grigsby-Toussaint
Background: Inadequate physical activity (PA) and consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) are known risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Consequently, the World Health Organization (WHO) encourages the development of policies to increase PA and FV consumption. We reviewed available policies between 2004 and 2013 to increase FV consumption and PA from a convenience sample of 49 LMICs. Method: Information on national policies were obtained from government ministries involved with the formulation of nutrition and PA policies, WHO databases and from PubMed and Scopus...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Frédéric Leroy, Malaika Brengman, Wouter Ryckbosch, Peter Scholliers
The debate on meat's role in health and disease is a rowdy and dissonant one. This study uses the health section of the online version of The Daily Mail as a case study to carry out a quantitative and qualitative reflection on the related discourses in mass media during the first fifteen years of the 21st century. This period ranged from the fall-out of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) crisis and its associated food safety anxieties, over the Atkins diet-craze in 2003 and the avian flu episode in 2007, to the highly influential publication of the report on colon cancer by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2015...
February 24, 2018: Appetite
J van Hooft, C Patterson, M Löf, C Alexandrou, S Hilton, A Nimegeer
Objective: Despite lower prevalence than most European countries, childhood obesity is a Swedish public health priority due to its lasting health impacts and socioeconomic patterning. Mass media content influences public and political perceptions of health issues, and media framing of childhood obesity may influence perceptions of its solutions. This study examines framing of childhood obesity in Swedish morning and evening newspapers from 1996 to 2014. Methods: Content analysis of 726 articles about childhood obesity published in the five most-circulated Swedish newspapers...
February 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
Sadia Shakeel, Shagufta Nesar, Najia Rahim, Wajiha Iffat, Hafiza Fouzia Ahmed, Mehwish Rizvi, Shazia Jamshed
Aims: Despite an increased popularity of print and electronic media applications, there is a paucity of data reflecting doctors' opinions regarding efficient utilization of these resources for the betterment of public health. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the perception of physicians toward the effect of electronic and print media on the health status of patients. Setting and Design: The current research is a cross-sectional study conducted from January 2015 to July 2015...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Iftach Sagy, Victor Novack, Michael Gdalevich, Dan Greenberg
BACKGROUND: During 2013, isolation of a wild type 1 poliovirus from routine sewage sample in Israel, led to a national OPV campaign. During this period, there was a constant cover of the outbreak by the mass media. AIMS: To investigate the association of media exposure and OPV and non-OPV vaccines uptake during the 2013 silent polio outbreak in Israel. METHODS: We received data on daily immunization rates during the outbreak period from the Ministry of Health (MoH)...
February 10, 2018: Vaccine
Cati G Brown-Johnson, Lindsay M Boeckman, Ashley H White, Andrea D Burbank, Sjonna Paulson, Laura A Beebe
BACKGROUND: Modern technology (ie, websites and social media) has significantly changed social mores in health information access and delivery. Although mass media campaigns for health intervention have proven effective and cost-effective in changing health behavior at a population scale, this is best studied in traditional media sources (ie, radio and television). Digital health interventions are options that use short message service/text messaging, social media, and internet technology...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Gianmarco Ventura, Vincenzo Restivo, Claudio Costantino, Nicolò Casuccio, Claudio D'Angelo, Paola Stefanelli, Alessandra Casuccio, Francesco Vitale
Following two invasive meningococcal disease cases among twenties, general population overloaded vaccination Units of the Palermo's District during summer 2016. Sicilian Health Authorities adopted several public health strategies including: a) active meningococcal vaccination free of charge for people from 18 up to 30 years of age, b) information in crowded places and rapid communication by media. An increase in anti-meningococcal vaccination doses administered (+868%) as well as in anti-dTp and HPV vaccination (+41% and +8%, respectively) due to a further catch-up was observed...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Tsi-Shu Huang, Chia-Chien Lee, Hui-Zin Tu, Susan Shin-Jung Lee
BACKGROUND: Rapid identification of mycobacteria is important for timely treatment and the implementation of public health measures. The MGIT system ensures rapid detection of mycobacteria, but identification is usually delayed by days to weeks due to further subculture on solid medium. Matrix-assisted laser desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) was demonstrated to effectively identify mycobacteria isolates subcultured from solid or liquid media. Reports of identification directly from MGIT broths of both sterile and non-sterile clinical specimens, omitting the subculture step, were limited and not satisfactory before...
2018: PloS One
Ilsu Choi, Dong Ho Lee, Yongkuk Kim
Objectives: The 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak in Korea caused major economic and social problems. The control intervention was conducted during the MERS-CoV outbreak in Korea immediately after the confirmation of the index case. This study investigates whether the early risk communication with the general public and mass media is an effective preventive strategy. Methods: The SEIR (Susceptible, Exposed, Infectious, Recovered) model with estimated parameters for the time series data of the daily MERS-CoV incidence in Korea was considered from May to December 2015...
December 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Allison E Myers, Brian G Southwell, Kurt M Ribisl, Sarah Moreland-Russell, J Michael Bowling, Leslie A Lytle
BACKGROUND: Mass media content may play an important role in policy change. However, the empirical relationship between media advocacy efforts and tobacco control policy success has rarely been studied. We examined the extent to which newspaper content characteristics (volume, slant, frame, source, use of evidence, and degree of localization) that have been identified as important in past descriptive studies were associated with policy progression over a 2-year period in the context of point-of-sale (POS) tobacco control...
January 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
James Kite, Anne Grunseit, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Bill Bellew, Tom Carroll, Adrian Bauman
Mass media campaigns are a commonly used strategy in public health. However, no review has assessed whether the design and evaluation of overweight and obesity campaigns meets best practice recommendations. This study aimed to fill this gap. We systematically searched five databases for peer-reviewed articles describing adult-targeted obesity mass media campaigns published between 2000 and 2017, complemented by reference list searches and contact with authors and agencies responsible for the campaigns. We extracted data on campaign design, implementation, and evaluation from eligible publications and conducted a qualitative review of 29 publications reporting on 14 campaigns...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
February 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Jane Seymour
OBJECTIVE: The right to health includes a right of access to good quality palliative care, but inequalities persist. Raising awareness is a key plank of the public health approach to palliative care, but involves consideration of subjects most of us prefer not to address. This review addresses the question: "do public health awareness campaigns effectively improve the awareness and quality of palliative care"? BACKGROUND: The evidence shows that public awareness campaigns can improve awareness of palliative care and probably improve quality of care, but there is a lack of evidence about the latter...
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Ramona Ludolph, Peter J Schulz, Ling Chen
In 2015, South Korea experienced the largest outbreak to date of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) outside the Middle East. Fears related to a potential spread of the disease led to an increased alert level as well as heightened media coverage in the neighboring Hong Kong. A cross-sectional survey (N = 533) among residents of Hong Kong was conducted to assess the relationships between the effects of outbreak-related mass media coverage, interpersonal communication, the perceived level of concern in one's close environment, and the uptake of preventive measures...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Seth M Noar, Erin L Sutfin
The Food and Drug Administration, which now has regulatory authority over all tobacco products meeting the statutory definition, is tasked with communicating the risks of these products to the public through health warnings and public education. However, there have been no attempts to summarize what is known about non-cigarette tobacco product (NCTP) health messaging. We conducted a systematic review to examine the existing literature on health communication for NCTPs and identify key research gaps. A total of 45 unique studies were retrieved and coded, with the majority focused on messaging for smokeless tobacco (SLT, k = 32, 71...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
Simone Pettigrew, Zenobia Talati, Isla Henriques, Belinda Morley, Kylie Ball
OBJECTIVE: High rates of population obesity have resulted in the dissemination of mass media campaigns that focus on achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. The aim of the present study was to analyse advertising techniques used in such campaigns to identify common and differential approaches in three countries with similar cultures and rates of obesity (Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States). METHODS: An Internet search was conducted to identify healthy weight television advertisements aired in the three countries...
December 13, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Therese I Poirier, Connie Stamper-Carr, Kate Newman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To design and implement an undergraduate honors course for pre-health professional students that develops interpersonal skills through use of a variety of humanities. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A three credit hour course in an honors seminar sequence was developed by pharmacy practice faculty and with input from faculty in mass communications, philosophy, applied communication studies and history. The course utilized a variety of media such as literature, film, and podcasts to foster student discussion about a variety of health-related topics...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Donna Vallone, Marisa Greenberg, Haijun Xiao, Morgane Bennett, Jennifer Cantrell, Jessica Rath, Elizabeth Hair
Policy interventions such as public health mass media campaigns disseminate messages in order to improve health-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors at the population level. Only more recently have campaigns that promote health-related behaviors adopted branding, a well-established marketing strategy, to influence how consumers think and feel about a message. This study examines whether positive brand equity for the national truth® campaign is associated with lower likelihood of cigarette use over time using the nationally representative Truth Longitudinal Cohort of youth and young adults, aged 15-21...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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