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Mass media in public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228062/best-practices-for-suicide-prevention-messaging-and-evaluating-california-s-know-the-signs-media-campaign
#1
Joie Acosta, Rajeev Ramchand, Amariah Becker
BACKGROUND: Although communication is a key component of US strategies to prevent suicide and there are a number of marketing campaigns promoting messages that suicide is a preventable public health problem, there has been little evaluation of these campaigns. AIMS: The study describes the development of a checklist of best practices for suicide prevention communication campaigns and the use of the checklist to evaluate California's investment in "Know the Signs" (KTS-M), a suicide prevention mass media campaign...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202946/association-of-serum-uric-acid-with-subsequent-arterial-stiffness-and-renal-function-in-normotensive-subjects
#2
Shiori Nagano, Maasa Takahashi, Nobuyuki Miyai, Mayumi Oka, Miyoko Utsumi, Mitsuru Shiba, Kanae Mure, Tatsuya Takeshita, Mikio Arita
Serum uric acid (SUA) is correlated with an increased risk of not only gout but also cardiovascular diseases. The present study aimed to longitudinally evaluate the effects of SUA level on renal function and arterial stiffness in a population-based sample of normotensive subjects. The subjects completed a health checkup in 2002 at baseline and in 2011 or 2012 at the end of the follow-up period. A total of 407 normotensive subjects (171 men and 236 women) aged 26-66 years were enrolled in this study. We measured blood pressure (BP), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), central BP, intima-media thickness, SUA level and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)...
February 16, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109313/can-an-educational-podcast-improve-the-ability-of-parents-of-primary-school-children-to-assess-the-reliability-of-claims-made-about-the-benefits-and-harms-of-treatments-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Daniel Semakula, Allen Nsangi, Matt Oxman, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Sarah Rosenbaum, Margaret Kaseje, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Atle Fretheim, Iain Chalmers, Andrew D Oxman, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Claims made about the effects of treatments are very common in the media and in the population more generally. The ability of individuals to understand and assess such claims can affect their decisions and health outcomes. Many people in both low- and high-income countries have inadequate aptitude to assess information about the effects of treatments. As part of the Informed Healthcare Choices project, we have prepared a series of podcast episodes to help improve people's ability to assess claims made about treatment effects...
January 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103074/mass-shootings-the-role-of-the-media-in-promoting-generalized-imitation
#4
James N Meindl, Jonathan W Ivy
Mass shootings are a particular problem in the United States, with one mass shooting occurring approximately every 12.5 days. Recently a "contagion" effect has been suggested wherein the occurrence of one mass shooting increases the likelihood of another mass shooting occurring in the near future. Although contagion is a convenient metaphor used to describe the temporal spread of a behavior, it does not explain how the behavior spreads. Generalized imitation is proposed as a better model to explain how one person's behavior can influence another person to engage in similar behavior...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098107/knowledge-and-attitude-towards-organ-donation-among-adult-population-in-al-kharj-saudi-arabia
#5
Sandeep Agrawal, Saud Binsaleem, Mohammed Al-Homrani, Abdullaziz Al-Juhayim, Abdullah Al-Harbi
Organ transplantation is a lifesaving treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure. Despite the advanced medical science and technology, shortage of organs had led to a growing gap between the demand for organs and the number of donors. With a limited number of studies on the subject and based on those findings, the public knowledge and attitudes must be assessed to understand more clearly that why many people are opposing donating their organs in Saudi Arabia. The objective of our study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of the adult population toward organ donation in Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090752/urban-rural-disparity-and-determinants-of-delivery-care-utilization-in-oromia-region-ethiopia-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#6
Dinke Kenea, Hunduma Jisha
Low delivery care utilization continues to be a public health problem that significantly contributes to maternal morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. The aim of the study is to determine the extent of urban-rural disparity of delivery care utilization and its determinants. A community-based cross-sectional quantitative study supplemented with qualitative data was conducted from February 15 to March 10, 2014. Data were collected from eligible woman using interviewer-guided semistructured questionnaires and focus group discussions...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067869/clinical-and-biological-markers-of-premature-aging-after-autologous-sct-in-childhood-cancer
#7
A Vatanen, M Hou, T Huang, O Söder, T Jahnukainen, M Kurimo, T H Ojala, T Sarkola, M Turanlahti, U M Saarinen-Pihkala, K Jahnukainen
The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of frailty and physical health limitations among long-term survivors of high-risk neuroblastoma (HR NBL) and to investigate whether frail health is associated with variables of cardiovascular function, markers of inflammation and telomere length. A national study cohort of 19 (median age 22, range 16-30 years) long-term (>10 years) HR NBL survivors was studied and the findings were compared with 20 age- and sex-matched controls. Frailty was defined as ⩾3 of the following conditions: low muscle mass, low energy expenditure, slow running and weakness...
January 9, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049230/a-survey-of-parental-perception-and-pattern-of-action-in-response-to-influenza-like-illness-in-their-children-including-healthcare-use-and-vaccination-in-korea
#8
Ji Hyen Hwang, Chang Hoon Lim, Dong Ho Kim, Byung Wook Eun, Dae Sun Jo, Young Hwan Song, Yun Kyung Kim
Seasonal influenza is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality of children in Korea. However, few data are available on parental perception and action toward childhood influenza. This study aimed to characterize parental perception and patterns of action in response to influenza and influenza-like illnesses (ILIs), including vaccination and healthcare use. This prospective study involved a random survey of parents whose children were aged 6-59 months. The survey was conducted in October 2014. The study included 638 parents of 824 children younger than 6 years...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032814/information-sources-and-knowledge-on-vaccination-in-a-population-from-southern-italy-the-esculapio-project
#9
Garden Tabacchi, Claudio Costantino, Manuela Cracchiolo, Antonio Ferro, Valentina Marchese, Giuseppe Napoli, Sara Palmeri, Daniele Raia, Vincenzo Restivo, Andrea Siddu, Francesco Vitale, Alessandra Casuccio
Vaccine knowledge of the general population is shaped by different information sources and strongly influences vaccination attitudes and uptake. The CCM-Italian Ministry of Health ESCULAPIO project attempted to identify the role of such information sources, in order to address adequate strategies to improve information on vaccines and vaccine preventable diseases. In the present study, data on 632 adults from Southern Italy regarding information sources were collected, and their perceived and actual knowledge on vaccinations were compared and analyzed in relation to socio-demographic characteristics and information sources...
February 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997234/the-association-of-a-large-scale-television-campaign-with-exclusive-breastfeeding-prevalence-in-vietnam
#10
Tuan T Nguyen, Silvia Alayón, Ann Jimerson, Danielle Naugle, Phuong H Nguyen, Nemat Hajeebhoy, Jean Baker, Carol Baume, Edward A Frongillo
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between exposure to breastfeeding television spots and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). METHODS: We performed face-to-face interviews with 11 722 mothers of infants younger than 6 months using 5 cross-sectional surveys 6 or more months apart between 2011 and 2014 in Vietnam. Sample sizes were 2065 to 2593, and approximately 50% of participants lived in areas with (Alive & Thrive [A&T]-intensive [I]) and approximately 50% without (A&T-nonintensive [NI]) facilities offering counseling services...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899099/public-awareness-of-the-link-between-alcohol-and-cancer-in-england-in-2015-a-population-based-survey
#11
Penny Buykx, Jessica Li, Lucy Gavens, Lucie Hooper, Melanie Lovatt, Elena Gomes de Matos, Petra Meier, John Holmes
BACKGROUND: Public knowledge of the association between alcohol and cancer is reported to be low. We aimed to provide up-to-date evidence for England regarding awareness of the link between alcohol and different cancers and to determine whether awareness differs by demographic characteristics, alcohol use, and geographic region. METHODS: A representative sample of 2100 adults completed an online survey in July 2015. Respondents were asked to identify which health outcomes, including specific cancers, may be caused by alcohol consumption...
November 30, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876685/efficacy-of-mobile-serious-games-in-increasing-hiv-risk-perception-in-swaziland-a-randomized-control-trial-sgprev-trial-research-protocol
#12
Bhekumusa Wellington Lukhele, Patou Musumari, Christina El-Saaidi, Teeranee Techasrivichien, S Pilar Suguimoto, Masako Ono Kihara, Masahiro Kihara
BACKGROUND: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) continue to be a major public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), particularly in Swaziland, which has the highest HIV prevalence in this region. A wide range of strategies and interventions have been used to promote behavior change, though almost all such interventions have involved mass media. Therefore, innovative behavior change strategies beyond mass media communication are urgently needed...
November 22, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855104/standardised-tobacco-packaging-a-health-policy-case-study-of-corporate-conflict-expansion-and-adaptation
#13
Jenny L Hatchard, Gary J Fooks, Anna B Gilmore
OBJECTIVES: To investigate opposition to standardised tobacco packaging in the UK. To increase understanding of how transnational corporations are adapting to changes in their access to policymakers precipitated by Article 5.3 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). DESIGN: Case study web-based documentary analysis, using NVivo V.10. Examination of relationships between opponents of standardised packaging and transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) and of the volume, nature, transparency and timing of their activities...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848253/role-of-health-care-professionals-in-preventative-activities-and-vaccination-programs-during-outbreaks
#14
Sándor Balogh, Renáta Papp, Csilla Busa, Ágnes Csikós
PURPOSE: The general purpose of TELL ME study was to give an insight into the experiences of European family physicians with management of H1N1 pandemic flu. METHODS: Qualitative research methods (focus group discussions, one-to-one interviews, and online data collection) were used to explore family doctors' opinion and suggestions. Overall 158 family physicians took part in the study from six European countries. RESULTS: Family doctors' most important experience was that the official campaign was not able to compensate negative effects of the mass media...
December 2016: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836155/mental-illness-and-firearms-legal-context-and-clinical-approaches
#15
REVIEW
Debra A Pinals, Lisa Anacker
Gun violence and mental illness is a major area of media attention, especially because highly publicized mass shootings seem to have become more commonly reported in the press. Gun access also is undergoing a highly politicized debate in the United States. It is important for mental health practitioners to understand the background and context of laws related to firearms access, and to understand data related to risk of suicide and violence toward others caused by gun violence among persons with mental illness...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815565/exposure-assessment-of-chemical-hazards-in-pork-meat-liver-and-kidney-and-health-impact-implication-in-hung-yen-and-nghe-an-provinces-vietnam
#16
Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh, Dang Xuan Sinh, Pham Duc Phuc, Tran Thi Ngan, Chu Van Tuat, Delia Grace, Fred Unger, Hung Nguyen-Viet
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses the risk of exposure to hazardous chemical residues in pork meat, liver, and kidney collected at wet markets in Nghe An and Hung Yen provinces and discusses health impact implication. METHODS: 514 pig feed, kidney, liver, and pork samples were pooled and qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed for tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones, sulphonamide, chloramphenicol, β-agonists, and heavy metals. We compare the results with current regulations on chemical residues and discuss health implications...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805756/violence-against-women-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-nurses-and-midwives
#17
Patrizia Di Giacomo, Alessandra Cavallo, AnnaMaria Bagnasco, Marina Sartini, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study's objective is to describe the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of nurses and midwives who have attended to women who suffered violence. This study further analyses the possible changes of attitude that have occurred over the past 5 years. BACKGROUND: Gender violence or violence against women is the largest problem with regard to public health and violated human rights all over the world. In Italy, it is estimated that 31.5 % of women suffer physical or sexual violence during their life...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802843/tackling-obesity-in-areas-of-high-social-deprivation-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-task-based-weight-management-group-programme-a-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation
#18
Hayden McRobbie, Peter Hajek, Sarrah Peerbux, Brennan C Kahan, Sandra Eldridge, Dominic Trépel, Steve Parrott, Chris Griffiths, Sarah Snuggs, Katie Myers Smith
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of people require help to manage their weight. The NHS recommends weight loss advice by general practitioners and/or a referral to a practice nurse. Although this is helpful for some, more effective approaches that can be disseminated economically on a large scale are needed. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether or not a task-based weight management programme [Weight Action Programme (WAP)] has better long-term effects than a 'best practice' intervention provided in primary care by practice nurses...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783612/the-cost-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-south-africa
#19
Michel Tchuenche, Eurica Palmer, Vibhuti Haté, Ananthy Thambinayagam, Dayanund Loykissoonlal, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Steven Forsythe
Given compelling evidence associating voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) with men's reduced HIV acquisition through heterosexual intercourse, South Africa in 2010 began scaling up VMMC. To project the resources needed to complete 4.3 million circumcisions between 2010 and 2016, we (1) estimated the unit cost to provide VMMC; (2) assessed cost drivers and cost variances across eight provinces and VMMC service delivery modes; and (3) evaluated the costs associated with mobilize and motivate men and boys to access VMMC services...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763847/impact-of-a-mass-media-mental-health-campaign-on-psychiatric-emergency-department-visits
#20
Joyce Cheng, Paul Benassi, Claire De Oliveira, Juveria Zaheer, Michael Collins, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of mental illnesses and addictions, treatment rates remain low. In April 2010, a regional mass media campaign was implemented to increase awareness of mental health services in central Toronto, Canada. We studied the impact of this campaign on rates of psychiatric emergency department (PED) visits among all hospital emergency departments (EDs) located in Toronto. DESIGN: Monthly PED visit totals were obtained for all Toronto EDs from April 1, 2007 to March 31, 2012 (n = 148,704)...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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