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Sonika Patel, Carl T Talmo, Sumon Nandi
BACKGROUND: Taper corrosion at the modular junctions of total hip arthroplasty (THA) femoral stems are known to cause locally destructive adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR). However, the implants at risk remain to be fully elucidated. CASE REVIEW: We report the case of a 76-year-old woman with hip pain, abductor weakness, and sciatic nerve symptoms 2 years following metal-on-polyethylene THA. Serum cobalt levels were elevated, while chromium levels were normal...
October 15, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Gaohua Zhu, Jun Liu, Qiye Zheng, Ruigang Zhang, Dongyao Li, Debasish Banerjee, David G Cahill
Thermal conductivity of two-dimensional (2D) materials is of interest for energy storage, nanoelectronics and optoelectronics. Here, we report that the thermal conductivity of molybdenum disulfide can be modified by electrochemical intercalation. We observe distinct behaviour for thin films with vertically aligned basal planes and natural bulk crystals with basal planes aligned parallel to the surface. The thermal conductivity is measured as a function of the degree of lithiation, using time-domain thermoreflectance...
October 21, 2016: Nature Communications
Chong-Rong Wu, Xiang-Rui Chang, Tung-Wei Chu, Hsuan-An Chen, Chao-Hsin Wu, Shih-Yen Lin
A 9-layer WS2/MoS2 hetero-structure is established on a sapphire substrate after sequential growth of large-area and uniform 5- and 4- layer MoS2 and WS2 films by using sulfurization of pre-deposited 1.0 nm Molybdenum (Mo) and Tungsten (W), respectively. By using the results obtained from the ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy and the absorption spectrum measurements of the standalone MoS2 and WS2 samples, a type-II band alignment is predicated for the WS2/MoS2 hetero-structure. Increasing drain currents and enhanced field-effect mobility value of the transistor fabricated on the hetero-structure suggested that a channel with higher electron concentration compared with the standalone MoS2 transistor channel is obtained with electron injection from WS2 to MoS2 under thermal equilibrium...
October 20, 2016: Nano Letters
Xuexia He, WaiLeong Chow, Fucai Liu, BengKang Tay, Zheng Liu
2D transition metal dichalcogenides are promising channel materials for the next-generation electronic device. Here, vertically 2D heterostructures, so called van der Waals solids, are constructed using inorganic molybdenum sulfide (MoS2 ) few layers and organic crystal - 5,6,11,12-tetraphenylnaphthacene (rubrene). In this work, ambipolar field-effect transistors are successfully achieved based on MoS2 and rubrene crystals with the well balanced electron and hole mobilities of 1.27 and 0.36 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) , respectively...
October 20, 2016: Small
Zhe Lv, Nasir Mahmood, Muhammad Tahir, Lun Pan, Xiangwen Zhang, Ji-Jun Zou
Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are emerging as promising materials, particularly for electrochemical and photochemical catalytic applications, and among them molybdenum sulfides have received tremendous attention due to their novel electronic and optoelectronic characteristics. Several review articles have summarized the recent progress on TMDs but no critical and systematic summary exists about the nanoscale fabrication of MoS2 with different dimensional morphologies. In this review article, first we will summarize the recent progress on the morphological tuning and structural evolution of MoS2 from zero-dimension (0D) to 3D...
October 20, 2016: Nanoscale
Hohyeon Lee, Haemin Kim, Thang Phan Nguyen, Jin Ho Chang, Soo Young Kim, Hyuncheol Kim, Eunah Kang
Photoacoustic activity is the generation of an ultrasonic signal via thermal expansion or bubble formation, stimulated by laser irradiation. Photoacoustic nanoplatforms have recently gained focus for application in bio-electric interfaces. Various photoacoustic material types have been evaluated, including gold nanoparticles, semiconductive π-conjugating polymers (SP), etc. In this study, surfactant-free methoxy-polyethylene glycol-co-polypyrrole copolymer (mPEG-co-PPyr) nanoparticles (NPs) and mPEG-co-PPyr NP/molybdenum disulfide (mPEG-co-PPyr/MoS2) nanocomposites (NCs) were prepared and their photoacoustic activity was demonstrated...
October 18, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Petra Martini, Alessandra Boschi, Gianfranco Cicoria, Licia Uccelli, Micòl Pasquali, Adriano Duatti, Gaia Pupillo, Mario Marengo, Massimo Loriggiola, Juan Esposito
The design and fabrication of a fully-automated, remotely controlled module for the extraction and purification of technetium-99m (Tc-99m), produced by proton bombardment of enriched Mo-100 molybdenum metallic targets in a low-energy medical cyclotron, is here described. After dissolution of the irradiated solid target in hydrogen peroxide, Tc-99m was obtained under the chemical form of (99m)TcO4(-), in high radionuclidic and radiochemical purity, by solvent extraction with methyl ethyl ketone (MEK). The extraction process was accomplished inside a glass column-shaped vial especially designed to allow for an easy automation of the whole procedure...
October 5, 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Giacomo M Lari, Olivier G Gröninger, Qiang Li, Cecilia Mondelli, Núria López, Javier Pérez-Ramírez
Sugar alcohols are applied in the food, pharmaceutical, polymer, and fuel industries and are commonly obtained by reduction of the corresponding saccharides. In view of the rarity of some sugar substrates, epimerization of a readily available monosaccharide has been proposed as a solution, but an efficient catalytic system has not yet been identified. Herein, a molybdenum heteropolyacid-based catalyst is developed to transform glucose, arabinose, and xylose into less-abundant mannose, ribose, and lyxose, respectively...
October 14, 2016: ChemSusChem
Viktor A Vorozhtcov, Valentina L Stolyarova, Sergey I Lopatin, Sergey M Shugurov, Andrey L Shilov, Vladimir F Sapega
RATIONALE: The Bi2 O3 -P2 O5 -SiO2 system possesses a number of valuable properties that may be of use for various practical applications, both for obtaining new materials e.g. optical fibers and for replacing systems based on toxic lead silicate. Information on vaporization processes and thermodynamic properties obtained in the present study will be useful for the development of synthesis methods and approaches for modeling the thermodynamic properties of materials based on this system...
October 14, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Gianpiero Vigani, Dario Di Silvestre, Anna Maria Agresta, Silvia Donnini, Pierluigi Mauri, Christian Gehl, Florian Bittner, Irene Murgia
Molybdenum (Mo) and iron (Fe) are essential micronutrients required for crucial enzyme activities in plant metabolism. Here we investigated the existence of a mutual control of Mo and Fe homeostasis in cucumber (Cucumis sativus). Plants were grown under single or combined Mo and Fe starvation. Physiological parameters were measured, the ionomes of tissues and the ionomes and proteomes of root mitochondria were profiled, and the activities of molybdo-enzymes and the synthesis of molybdenum cofactor (Moco) were evaluated...
October 13, 2016: New Phytologist
Dingbin Xiao, Jinying Zhang, Xin Li, Dan Zhao, Hongyang Huang, Jialiang Huang, Daxian Cao, Zhihui Li, Chunming Niu
The morphology and hybridization of nanostructures are crucial to achieve properties for various applications. An in situ grown 3D MoS2 nano-mask has been adopted to control the morphology and hybridization of molybdenum compounds. The in situ generated MoS2 mask on MoO3 nanobelt surfaces allowed us to fabricate a 3D c-MoO2@MoS2 hybrid nanostructure, in which c-MoO2 is a carved MoO2 nanobelt with well distributed hole-pattern. The nano-masks have been controlled by adjusting the alignments of MoS2. The exposed MoO2 surfaces of c-MoO2@MoS2 were further sulphurated to give cw-MoO2@MoS2, in which all surfaces of MoO2 are wrapped by a few layers of MoS2...
October 12, 2016: ACS Nano
A Rugor, M Tataruch, J Staroń, A Dudzik, E Niedzialkowska, P Nowak, A Hogendorf, A Michalik-Zym, D B Napruszewska, A Jarzębski, K Szymańska, W Białas, M Szaleniec
Steroid C25 dehydrogenase (S25DH) from Sterolibacterium denitrificans Chol-1S is a molybdenum oxidoreductase belonging to the so-called ethylbenzene dehydrogenase (EBDH)-like subclass of DMSO reductases capable of the regioselective hydroxylation of cholesterol or cholecalciferol to 25-hydroxy products. Both products are important biologically active molecules: 25-hydroxycholesterol is responsible for a complex regulatory function in the immunological system, while 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (calcifediol) is the activated form of vitamin D3 used in the treatment of rickets and other calcium disorders...
October 11, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Kyle J Cluff, Janet Blümel
The adsorption of the metallocenes ferrocene, doubly deuterated ferrocene, cymantrene and nickelocene, as well as molybdenum hexacarbonyl, proceeds in the absence of a solvent. Large single pieces of silica gel were placed in contact with the solid metallocenes and the adsorption process was visualized on a macroscopic scale and the maximal loadings were determined. (1) H, (2) H, and (13) C solid-state NMR studies confirmed fast isotropic reorientation of the surface-adsorbed metallocene molecules within the pores of the silica...
October 10, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
M Jahurul Islam, D Amaranatha Reddy, Noh Soo Han, Jiha Choi, Jae Kyu Song, Tae Kyu Kim
An oxygen-vacancy rich, bismuth oxyiodide-based Z-scheme 3D hierarchical MoS2/BiOI/AgI ternary nanocomposite photocatalyst was fabricated using a simple precipitation process in ethylene glycol and water. The presence of oxygen-vacancies in BiOI and the two-dimensional nature of molybdenum disulfides in the composite prolongs the charge carrier lifetime through a Z-scheme system and enhances the performance of the photocatalyst for the degradation of rhodamine B. On the basis of efficient separation of photoexcited electron-hole pairs, a mechanism is proposed whereby MoS2 and oxygen vacancy states increase charge carrier lifetimes and improve the photocatalytic activity...
September 14, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Denis A Kuznetsov, Tamara A Bazhenova, Ivan V Fedyanin, Vyacheslav M Martynenko, Alexander F Shestakov, Galina N Petrova, Natal'ya S Komarova
A series of novel cluster compounds comprising molybdenum in a low valence state was synthesized by means of a disproportionation of the dimeric compound [Mo(+4)2Cl4(OCH3)4(CH3OH)2] (1). The reaction of 1 with CH3OH leads to the disproportionation of Mo(+4) yielding an unusual mixed-valence cluster [Mo(+3.5)4Cl4O2(OCH3)6(CH3OH)4] (2). By exploring this synthetic approach further, tri-{[Mo3Cl3(OCH3)7(CH3OH)3] (3)}, tetra-{[Mo4Cl4(OCH3)10(CH3OH)2] (4), [Mo4Cl3O(OCH3)9(CH3OH)3] (5), [Mo4Cl2(OCH3)12(CH3OH)2] (6)}, and hexanuclear {[Mo6Cl4O6(OCH3)10(CH3OH)2] (7)} molybdenum alkoxides were synthesized by the reaction of 1 with methanol and stoichiometric amounts of magnesium methoxide, thus providing a general facile access to the polynuclear methoxide complexes of a low-valence molybdenum...
October 18, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Taka-Aki Okamura, Yui Omi, Yasunori Hirano, Kiyotaka Onitsuka
A series of monooxotungsten(iv) and dioxotungsten(vi) benzenedithiolates, (NEt4)2[W(IV)O(1,2-S2-3-RCONHC6H3)2] (1-W; R = CH3 (a), t-Bu (b), or CF3 (c)) and (NEt4)2[W(VI)O2(1,2-S2-3-RCONHC6H3)2] (2-W), were synthesized and compared with the corresponding molybdenum analogues. Single crystals of trans-1b-W were successfully obtained, and the crystal structure was determined by X-ray analysis although 1b-Mo could not be crystallized. The NHS hydrogen bonds shifted the potential of the W(iv/v) redox couple to more positive values, and the strength of the hydrogen bond and the positive shift value were strongly correlated...
October 4, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Zonghua Pu, Ibrahim Saana Amiinu, Xiaobo Liu, Min Wang, Shichun Mu
There is a crucial demand for cost-effective hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalysts towards future renewable energy systems, and the development of such catalysts operating under all pH conditions still remains a challenging task. In this work, a one-step facile approach to synthesizing nitrogen-doped carbon encapsulating molybdenum phosphide nanoparticles (MoP NPs@NC) is introduced by using ammonium molybdate, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate and melamine as precursor. Benefitting from structural advantages, including ultrasmall nanoparticles, large exposed surface area and fast charge transfer, MoP NPs@NC exhibits excellent HER catalytic activities with small overpotentials at all pH values (j = 10 mA cm(-2) at η = 115, 136 and 80 mV in 0...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
Cuicui Du, Hao Huang, Yue Wu, Siyuan Wu, Wenbo Song
The hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) from water through electrocatalysis using highly active noble metal-free catalysts as an alternative to precious Pt-based catalysts holds great promise for clean and renewable energy systems. Here, Mo2C nanosheets well-regulated in N-doped carbon (MCNS/NC)are facilely achieved by in situ confining carburization of a Mo-based inorganic-organic lamellar mesostructure at 900 °C, and demonstrated for the first time as an ultra-efficient and durable HER catalyst. The MCNS/NC displays a very low onset overpotential of ∼0 mV and an overpotential of 19 mV at 10 mA cm(-2) with a small Tafel slope of 28...
September 15, 2016: Nanoscale
Naziah Mohamad Latiff, Lu Wang, Carmen C Mayorga-Martinez, Zdeněk Sofer, Adrian C Fisher, Martin Pumera
Layered molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and tungsten disulfide (WS2) have received renewed interest in recent years as they are catalytic towards the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and they are touted as future replacements of platinum in electrolyzers. There is a significant discrepancy in the found onset potentials of MoS2 and WS2 towards the hydrogen evolution reaction. Here we show that the presence of valence sulfide impurities, such as MoS3 and WS3, and their oxide counterparts, such as MoO2, MoO3 and WO2, WO3 can contribute to the catalytic activity towards hydronium reduction to hydrogen of MoS2 and WS2...
September 22, 2016: Nanoscale
Rongala Ramalakshmi, K Maheswari, Dudekula Sharmila, Anamika Paul, Thierry Roisnel, Jean-François Halet, Sundargopal Ghosh
Reactions of cyclopentadienyl transition-metal halide complexes [Cp*Mo(CO)3Cl], 1, and [CpFe(CO)2I], 2, (Cp = C5H5; Cp* = η(5)-C5Me5) with borate ligands are reported. Treatment of 1 with [NaBt2] (Bt2 = dihydrobis(2-mercapto-benzothiazolyl)borate) in toluene yielded [Cp*Mo(CO)2(C7H4S2N)], 3, and [Cp*Mo(CO)2(η(3)-CH2C6H5)], 4, with a selective binding of toluene through C-H activation followed by orthometallation. Note that compound 4 is a structurally characterized toluene-activated molecule in which the metal is in η(3)-coordination mode...
October 18, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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