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Fat soluble vitamins

Anne Munck, Rym Boulkedid, Laurence Weiss, Pierre Foucaud, Nathalie Wizla-Derambure, Philippe Reix, François Bremont, Jocelyne Derelle, Julien Schroedt, Corinne Alberti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate nutritional status and associated factors in a cystic fibrosis (CF) cohort diagnosed by newborn screening and followed up to month 24. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal multicenter study assessing nutritional status according to pancreatic status, feeding modalities, prescriptions, pulmonary outcome and biological nutritional parameters. RESULTS: One-hundred-and-five infants were recruited and 99 completed the study...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Maria Rosaria Marchili, Elisa Santoro, Alessandra Marchesi, Simona Bianchi, Lelia Rotondi Aufiero, Alberto Villani
BACKGROUND: Vitamin K, a fat soluble vitamin, is a necessary cofactor for the activation of coagulation factors II, VII, IX, X, and protein C and S. In neonatal period, vitamin K deficiency may lead to Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding (VKDB). CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 2 months and 20 days Caucasian male, presented for bleeding from the injections sites of vaccines. At birth oral vitamin K prophylaxis was administered. Neonatal period was normal...
March 14, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Linda R Wang, Adam D McIntyre, Robert A Hegele
BACKGROUND: Abetalipoproteinemia and homozygous hypobetalipoproteinemia are classical Mendelian autosomal recessive and co-dominant conditions, respectively, which are phenotypically similar and are usually caused by bi-allelic mutations in MTTP and APOB genes, respectively. Instances of more complex patterns of genomic variants resulting in this distinct phenotype have not been reported. METHODS: A 43 year-old male had a longstanding severe deficiency of apolipoprotein (apo) B-containing lipoproteins and circulating fat soluble vitamins consistent with either abetalipoproteinemia or homozygous familial hypobetalipoproteinemia (FHBL)...
March 14, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Marine Blanchet, Jean Michel Brunel
Bile acids or bile salts, belong to a large family of biological steroid derivatives found predominantly in the bile of mammals and other vertebrates. These amphipathic molecules possess numerous functions, including eliminating cholesterol from the body, driving the flow of bile to eliminate catabolites, emulsifying fat-soluble vitamins to enable their absorption, aiding in motility and in reducing the bacteria flora found in the small intestine and biliary tract. In this review, we investigate progress towards synthetic bile acid derivatives, with special emphasis on how they might be used for various biological applications and the challenges that remain in developing these compounds as potent drugs of the future especially in the field of microbiology (antimicrobial activities) and cancer (anticancer agents)...
March 8, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Mitchell S Cappell, Ahmed Edhi, Mitual Amin
RATIONALE: Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia (PIL) is a rare, presumably congenital lesion that is usually diagnosed in patients < 3 years old, is rarely first diagnosed in adulthood, and when first diagnosed in adulthood typically presents with symptoms for many years. Although PIL is often identified by endoscopic abnormalities, it must be emphasized that the jejunoileum/distal duodenum must be intubated for diagnosis because the lesions are present in these regions. This work demonstrates that 1)-PIL can occur in an octogenarian; 2)-shows that the characteristic endoscopic findings are not found at colonoscopy without terminal ileal intubation; and 3)-may be missed at standard EGD without distal duodenal intubation...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
L Tettamanti, Al Caraffa, F Mastrangelo, G Ronconi, S Kritas, I Frydas, P Conti
Vitamin supplementation in disease reduces morbidity and mortality in humans by promoting the activation of different genes which influence several pathways. The purpose of this article is to clarify the role of vitamin E in mast cell inflammation. Vitamin E is a fat soluble antioxidant which protects from low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. Vitamin E promotes a barrier function and anti-inflammatory responses by binding the regulatory domain of protein kinase Cα (pkcα) (a regulator and antagonist of heart failure) and decreases the activation of NF-қb, a proinflammatory transcription factor, causing the generation of cytokines/chemokines and mast cell activation...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
J-Matthias Löhr, Nikola Panic, Miroslav Vujasinovic, Caroline S Verbeke
Senior people constitute the fastest growing segment of the population. The elderly are at risk for malnutrition, thought to be caused by reduced food intake or involution of the physiological capacity of the GI tract. Age-related changes are well known in other secretory organs such as liver, kidney, and intestine. The pancreas, representing a metabolically active organ with uptake and breakdown of essential nutritional components, changes its morphology and function with age. During childhood, the volume of the pancreas increases, reaching a plateau between 20-60 years, and declines thereafter...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
Isabelle Moyersoen, Carl Lachat, Koenraad Cuypers, Karin De Ridder, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Jean Tafforeau, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Margot Vansteenland, Bruno De Meulenaer, John Van Camp, Herman Van Oyen
Abstracts: Adequate intakes of fat-soluble vitamins are essential to support the growth and development of the foetus, the neonate, and the young child. By means of an online self-administered frequency questionnaire, this study aimed to evaluate the intake of vitamins A, D, E, and K in Belgian infants ( n = 455), toddlers ( n = 265), pregnant women ( n = 161), and lactating women ( n = 165). The contribution of foods, fortified foods, and supplements on the total intake was quantified. 5% of toddlers, 16% of pregnant women, and 35% of lactating women had an inadequate vitamin A intake...
February 16, 2018: Nutrients
A Donmez, E Orun, F M Sonmez
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin with hormonal properties, plays crucial functions in bone and mineral metabolism and has important regulatory functions in brain development, cell differentiation and apoptosis. Some studies have shown a link between vitamin D deficiency and headache. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, 147 patients with headache (migraine or either tension-type headache (TTH)) and 69 healthy controls, aged 5 to 16 years, were evaluated...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Ehab S Eshak, Hiroyasu Iso, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Renzhe Cui, Akiko Tamakoshi
OBJECTIVES: A few reports have investigated the association of dietary vitamin intakes with risk of heart failure in Asia. Therefore, we examined the relation between dietary intakes of fat-soluble vitamins A, K, E, and D and mortality from heart failure in the Japanese population. METHODS: A total of 23 099 men and 35 597 women ages 40 to 79 y participated in the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study and completed a food frequency questionnaire from which dietary intakes of vitamins A, K, E, and D were calculated...
March 2018: Nutrition
Haifeng Zhang, Li Quan, Pei Pei, Ye Lin, Chao Feng, Hongyan Guan, Fang Wang, Ting Zhang, Jianxin Wu, Junsheng Huo
A sensitive method for the simultaneous analysis of vitamin A (VA), 25-hydroxyl vitamin D3 (25-OH VD3) and α-tocopherol (VE) in children plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has been developed and validated. Sample preparation chose the solid phase extraction. 100 μL of plasma was mixed with 300 μL ethanol contained 4 μL isotope-labelled analytes. After a series operation, the supernatant was applied to the solid phase extraction (SPE) plate (HLB μElution plate). The eluate was evaporated, and reconstituted in 100 μL methanol...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Charles Desmarchelier, Véronique Rosilio, David Chapron, Ali Makky, Damien P Prévéraud, Estelle Devillard, Véronique Legrand-Defretin, Patrick Borel
Cholecalciferol (D3) and retinyl palmitate (RP) are the two main fat-soluble vitamins found in foods from animal origin. It is assumed that they are solubilized in mixed micelles prior to their uptake by intestinal cells, but only scarce data are available on the relative efficiency of this process and the molecular interactions that govern it. The extent of solubilization of D3 and RP in micelles composed of lipids and sodium taurocholate (NaTC) was determined. Then, the molecular interactions between components were analyzed by surface tension and surface pressure measurements...
June 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Shakeel Shahzad, M Adnan Ashraf, M Sajid, Aqeel Shahzad, Azhar Rafique, M Shahid Mahmood
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Multiple drug resistant super bugs of Acinetobacter baumannii and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are becoming challenge for healthcare professionals. In this study, vitamins were evaluated for synergistic activity with the antibiotics. METHODS: Synergistic effect between antibiotic and stock solutions of vitamins is evaluated by using Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion assay. Distilled water and propylene glycol were used as solvent for water soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins respectively...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Sophie Pilleron, Daniela Weber, Karine Pérès, Marco Colpo, David Gomez-Cabrero, Wolfgang Stuetz, Jean-François Dartigues, Luigi Ferrucci, Stefania Bandinelli, Francisco Jose Garcia-Garcia, Tilman Grune, Catherine Féart
PURPOSE: To investigate the cross-sectional and prospective associations between patterns of serum fat-soluble micronutrients and frailty in four European cohorts of older adults 65 years of age and older. METHODS: Participants from the Three-City (Bordeaux, France), AMI (Gironde, France), TSHA (Toledo, Spain) and InCHIANTI (Tuscany, Italy) cohorts with available data on serum α-carotene, β-carotene, lycopene, cryptoxanthin, lutein + zeaxanthin, retinol, α-tocopherol, γ-tocopherol and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D) were included...
January 27, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Raphael Parens, H Frederik Nijhout, Alfredo Morales, Felipe Xavier Costa, Yaneer Bar-Yam
The Zika virus has been the primary suspect in the large increase in incidence of microcephaly in 2015-6 in Brazil. While evidence for Zika being the cause of some of the cases is strong, its role as the primary cause of the large number of cases in Brazil has not been confirmed. Recently, the disparity between the incidences in different geographic locations has led to questions about the virus's role. Here we consider the alternative possibility that the use of the insecticide pyriproxyfen for control of mosquito populations in Brazilian drinking water is the primary cause...
November 27, 2017: PLoS Currents
Victoria A Serhiyenko, Alexandr A Serhiyenko
Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) that is strongly associated with approximately five-fold increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. CAN manifests in a spectrum of things, ranging from resting tachycardia and fixed heart rate (HR) to development of "silent" myocardial infarction. Clinical correlates or risk markers for CAN are age, DM duration, glycemic control, hypertension, and dyslipidemia (DLP), development of other microvascular complications...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Diabetes
Catherine Bolduc, Joëlle Flamand-Villeneuve, Isabelle Giroux, Stéfane Lebel, Serge Simard, Frédéric Picard
BACKGROUND: The absorption of drugs and fat-soluble vitamins is impaired after bariatric surgery on which intestinal length and function are altered. In this context, the anticoagulant effect of warfarin is difficult to predict in the postoperative period. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at describing the average weekly warfarin dose required to maintain a therapeutic international normalized ratio (INR) before and up to 1 year after sleeve gastrectomy with biliopancreatic diversion and duodenal switch (BPD/DS)...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Parvin Shahdousti, Mohammad Aghamohammadi
Dissolved carbon dioxide flotation-emulsification microextraction technique coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography was developed for the separation and determination of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D3 , E and K3 ) in multivitamin pharmaceutical preparations. Dissolved carbon dioxide flotation was used to break up the emulsion of extraction solvent in water and to collect the extraction solvent on the surface of the aqueous sample in the narrowed capillary part of extraction cell. Carbon dioxide bubbles were generated in situ through the addition of 300 μL of concentrated hydrochloric acid into the alkaline sample solution at pH = 11...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin, Elisa Danese
Despite it is now undeniable that indoor tanning exposure is associated with a number of skin cancers, its favorable effects on vitamin D status may bear some underestimated and currently unexplored health benefits. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin naturally present in a limited number of foods, the concentration of which largely depends on ultraviolet (UV) B sources exposure in humans. A strong, graded, and inverse association has been documented between serum vitamin D and the risk of developing certain types of malignancy, especially colorectal, breast, lung, bladder, and kidney cancers...
2018: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
Ali Saeed, Robin P F Dullaart, Tim C M A Schreuder, Hans Blokzijl, Klaas Nico Faber
Vitamin A is required for important physiological processes, including embryogenesis, vision, cell proliferation and differentiation, immune regulation, and glucose and lipid metabolism. Many of vitamin A's functions are executed through retinoic acids that activate transcriptional networks controlled by retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and retinoid X receptors (RXRs).The liver plays a central role in vitamin A metabolism: (1) it produces bile supporting efficient intestinal absorption of fat-soluble nutrients like vitamin A; (2) it produces retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) that distributes vitamin A, as retinol, to peripheral tissues; and (3) it harbors the largest body supply of vitamin A, mostly as retinyl esters, in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs)...
December 29, 2017: Nutrients
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