keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fat soluble vitamins

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928509/osmotic-dehydration-effects-on-major-and-minor-components-of-chestnut-castanea-sativa-mill-slices
#1
Teresa Delgado, José Alberto Pereira, Elsa Ramalhosa, Susana Casal
The effect of osmotic dehydration (OD) conditions (temperature, time and sucrose concentration) on some nutritional parameters, soluble sugars, organic acids, fatty acids and vitamin E composition of chestnut slices was studied. Temperature at 60 °C and contact time of 7.5 h decreased significantly both protein (in 20 and 15%) and fat (in 25 and 20%) contents when compared to 30 °C and contact time of 2.5 h, simultaneously with the incorporation of sugars from the osmotic medium. An increase in temperature from 30 to 60 °C and contact time from 2...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926471/role-of-fat-soluble-vitamins-in-osteoarthritis-management
#2
Xiao-Yan Zheng, Jun Liang, Yu-Sheng Li, Min Tu
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease, in which metabolic imbalance in bone is observed. The pathological mechanism of metabolic imbalance is not clear yet, but the nutritional factors, particularly the vitamins, might be intrinsic to the development and progression of OA. In this review article, we have explored databases such as PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar articles until the beginning of 2017 and reviewed the role of fat-soluble vitamins in pathological and therapeutic aspects of OA...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920824/baseline-health-and-nutrition-evaluation-of-two-sympatric-nocturnal-lemur-species-avahi-laniger-and-lepilemur-mustelinus-residing-near-an-active-mine-site-at-ambatovy-madagascar
#3
Randall E Junge, Cathy V Williams, Hajanirina Rakotondrainibe, Karine L Mahefarisoa, Tsiky Rajaonarivelo, Charles Faulkner, Vanessa Mass
Extractive industries can have significant impacts on ecosystems through loss of habitat, degradation of water quality, and direct impact on floral and faunal biodiversity. When operations are located in sensitive regions with high biodiversity containing endangered or threatened species, it is possible to minimize impact on the environment by developing programs to scientifically monitor the impact on resident flora and fauna species in the early phases of operation so that effects can be mitigated whenever possible...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915134/vitamin-d-in-obesity
#4
Jennifer S Walsh, Simon Bowles, Amy L Evans
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vitamin D is essential for bone health, and may also have important functions in immunity and other systems. Vitamin D deficiency is common, and testing and supplementation is increasing. Serum vitamin D is lower in obese people; it is important to understand the mechanism of this effect and whether it indicates clinically significant deficiency. RECENT FINDINGS: Vitamin D is fat soluble, and distributed into fat, muscle, liver, and serum. All of these compartments are increased in volume in obesity, so the lower vitamin D likely reflects a volumetric dilution effect and whole body stores of vitamin D may be adequate...
September 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914205/vitamin-d-and-depression-the-evidence-from-an-indirect-clue-to-treatment-strategy
#5
Sok Kuan Wong, Kok Yong Chin, Soelaiman Ima-Nirwana
Depression is a common psychiatric disorder that decreases the quality of life and increases the mortality of patients. It incurs significant healthcare costs if left untreated. Even though intervention with antidepressants can reduce depressive symptoms, side effects are often an issue and relapse is very common. Vitamin D, commonly known as the sunshine vitamin, is an essential fat-soluble vitamin for the absorption of calcium to prevent rickets (children) and osteomalacia (adults). Evidence on a possible relationship between vitamin D deficiency and depression is growing...
September 13, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903956/closer-to-clarity-on-the-effect-of-lipid-consumption-on-fat-soluble-vitamin-and-carotenoid-absorption-do-we-need-to-close-in-further
#6
Nancy E Moran, Elizabeth J Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902093/bile-acid-synthesis-disorders-in-arabs-a-10-year-screening-study
#7
Abdulrahman Al-Hussaini, Kenneth D R Setchell, Bader AlSaleem, James E Heubi, Khurram Lone, Anne Davit-Spraul, Emmanuel Jacquemin
OBJECTIVES: Early diagnosis of bile acid synthesis disorders (BASD) is important because, untreated, these conditions can be fatal. Our objectives were to screen children with cholestasis or unexplained liver disease for BASD and in those with confirmed BASD to evaluate the effectiveness of cholic acid therapy. METHODS: A routine serum total bile acid measurement was performed on children with cholestasis, liver cirrhosis, and liver failure. Patients were screened for BASD by fast atom bombardment ionization-mass spectrometry (FAB-MS) analysis of urine, and molecular analysis confirmed diagnosis...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898457/organic-solute-transporter-beta-slc51b-deficiency-in-two-brothers-with-congenital-diarrhea-and-features-of-cholestasis
#8
Mutaz Sultan, Anuradha Rao, Orly Elpeleg, Frédéric M Vaz, Bassam Y Abu Libdeh, Saul J Karpen, Paul A Dawson
Primary bile acid malabsorption (PBAM) is associated with congenital diarrhea, steatorrhea, and a block in the intestinal return of bile acids in the enterohepatic circulation. Mutations in the ileal Na(+) -dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT; SLC10A2) can cause PBAM, but do not appear to account for most familial cases. Another major transporter involved in the intestinal reclamation of bile acids is the heteromeric Organic Solute Transporter alpha-beta (OSTα-OSTβ; SLC51A-SLC51B), which exports bile acid across the basolateral membrane...
September 12, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894048/the-role-of-bile-acids-in-the-pathogenesis-of-bowel-diseases
#9
Magdalena Panek-Jeziorna, Agata Mulak
Bile acids not only play a cardinal role in the digestion and absorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins, but also significantly affect gastrointestinal motor, sensory and secretory functions, intestinal barrier permeability and the regulation of the inflammatory response. The results of recent studies have revealed complex interactions between bile acids and the gut microbiota. In addition, bile acids also play a role of signaling molecules regulating the activity of lipid and glucose metabolic pathways, as well as a role of ligands for transcription factors...
August 24, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880568/macro-and-micronutrients-of-human-milk-composition-are-they-related-to-maternal-diet-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#10
Mojtaba Keikha, Maryam Bahreynian, Mohammad Saleki, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: This study aims at systematically reviewing the observational and interventional studies on the association of maternal macro- and micronutrient intake with breast milk content. METHODS: We systematically searched the Medline via PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Knowledge till October 2016 with the following search strategy: ("human milk" OR "breast milk" OR "breast milk composition" OR "human breast milk composition" OR "composition breast milk" OR "mother milk" OR "human breast milk") AND ("maternal diet" OR "maternal nutrition")...
September 7, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868165/serum-vitamin-d-level-at-icu-admission-and-mortality
#11
Hakan Korkut Atalan, Bülent Güçyetmez
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays a major role in the regulation of bone and calcium metabolism and has effects on the immune and cardiovascular systems. Vitamin D deficiency is commonly seen in the general population as well as in critically ill patients and is reported to be associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Our aim was to determine the relationship between vitamin D level at ICU admission and mortality. METHODS: A total of 491 patients admitted to the ICU between January 2014 and January 2015 were evaluated retrospectively...
August 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862306/novel-hplc-uv-method-for-simultaneous-determination-of-fat-soluble-vitamins-and-coenzyme-q10-in-medicines-and-supplements
#12
Žane Temova-Rakuša, Eva Srečnik, Robert Roškar
A precise, accurate and rapid HPLC-UV method for simultaneous determination of fat-soluble vitamins (vitamin D3, E-acetate, K1, β-carotene, A-palmitate) and coenzyme Q10 was developed and validated according to ICH guidelines. Optimal chromatographic separation of the analytes in minimal analysis time (8 min) was achieved on a Luna C18 150 × 4.6 mm column using a mixture of acetonitrile, tetrahydrofuran and water (50:45:5, v/v/v). The described reversed phase HPLC method is the first published for quantification of these five fat-soluble vitamins and coenzyme Q10 within a single chromatographic run...
September 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858940/fat-soluble-vitamin-deficiencies-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Natalia Fabisiak, Adam Fabisiak, Cezary Watala, Jakub Fichna
BACKGROUND: Vitamin deficiency is frequently associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Supplementation of vitamins could thus serve as an adjunctive therapy. The present meta-analysis reviews the deficiencies and alterations in serum fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K) reported in IBD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed database search was performed to identify all primary studies up to January 2015 that evaluated the serum concentrations of fat-soluble vitamin levels in IBD patients compared with healthy individuals...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858890/fat-soluble-micronutrients-and-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Aurélie Goncalves, Marie-Josèphe Amiot
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. MetS prevalence has been associated with diet inadequacy. Conversely, the cumulative incidence of MetS has been inversely associated with a Mediterranean-style diet that includes many different health-beneficial nutrients. Adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet could reduce or at least stabilize metabolic risk factors. RECENT FINDINGS: Low serum level of fat-soluble micronutrients, such as carotenoids, vitamin (vit) A, D and E, has been linked to MetS...
August 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835301/feeding-dried-distillers-grains-with-solubles-to-lactating-beef-cows-impact-of-excess-protein-and-fat-on-post-weaning-progeny-growth-glucose-tolerance-and-carcass-traits
#15
C N Shee, R P Lemenager, J P Schoonmaker
Feeding dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS), a feed high in fat and protein, to lactating beef cows can alter milk production and composition, resulting in improved pre-weaning growth of progeny. This alteration in milk profile may consequently alter the growth and carcass composition of the offspring after weaning. Therefore, Angus×Simmental steers (n=48) whose dams were fed one of two diets supplemented with either DDGS or soybean meal (CON) from calving to mid-lactation were placed in a feedlot to determine the effects of maternal nutrition during lactation on progeny development and carcass composition...
August 24, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829533/vitamin-k-supplementation-for-cystic-fibrosis
#16
REVIEW
Vanitha A Jagannath, Vidhu Thaker, Anne B Chang, Amy I Price
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder which can lead to multiorgan dysfunction. Malabsorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) may occur and can cause subclinical deficiencies of some of these vitamins. Vitamin K is known to play an important role in both blood coagulation and bone formation. Supplementation with vitamin K appears to be one way of addressing the deficiency, but there is very limited agreement on the appropriate dose and frequency of use of these supplements...
August 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814399/modeling-the-dose-effects-of-soybean-oil-in-salad-dressing-on-carotenoid-and-fat-soluble-vitamin-bioavailability-in-salad-vegetables
#17
Wendy S White, Yang Zhou, Agatha Crane, Philip Dixon, Frits Quadt, Leonard M Flendrig
Background: Previously, we showed that vegetable oil is necessary for carotenoid absorption from salad vegetables. Research is needed to better define the dose effect and its interindividual variation for carotenoids and fat-soluble vitamins.Objective: The objective was to model the dose-response relation between the amount of soybean oil in salad dressing and the absorption of 1) carotenoids, phylloquinone, and tocopherols in salad vegetables and 2) retinyl palmitate formed from the provitamin A carotenoids...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800115/intake-of-fat-soluble-vitamins-in-the-belgian-population-adequacy-and-contribution-of-foods-fortified-foods-and-supplements
#18
Isabelle Moyersoen, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Arnold Dekkers, Karin de Ridder, Jean Tafforeau, John van Camp, Herman van Oyen, Carl Lachat
A key challenge of public health nutrition is to provide the majority of the population with a sufficient level of micronutrients while preventing high-consumers from exceeding the tolerable upper intake level. Data of the 2014 Belgian food consumption survey (n = 3200) were used to assess fat-soluble vitamin (vitamins A, D, E and K) intake from the consumption of foods, fortified foods and supplements. This study revealed inadequate intakes for vitamin A, from all sources, in the entire Belgian population and possible inadequacies for vitamin D...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780108/the-effect-of-bleaching-agents-on-the-degradation-of-vitamins-and-carotenoids-in-spray-dried-whey-protein-concentrate
#19
M A Stout, C W Park, M A Drake
Previous research has shown that bleaching affects flavor and functionality of whey proteins. The role of different bleaching agents on vitamin and carotenoid degradation is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of bleaching whey with traditional annatto (norbixin) by hydrogen peroxide (HP), benzoyl peroxide (BP), or native lactoperoxidase (LP) on vitamin and carotenoid degradation in spray-dried whey protein concentrate 80% protein (WPC80). An alternative colorant was also evaluated...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771927/determination-of-fat-and-water-soluble-vitamins-by-supercritical-fluid-chromatography-a-review
#20
Katarzyna Tyśkiewicz, Agnieszka Dębczak, Roman Gieysztor, Tomasz Szymczak, Edward Rój
Vitamins are compounds that take part in all basic functions of an organism but also are subject of number of studies performed by different researchers. Two groups of vitamins are distinguished taking into consideration their solubility. Chromatography with supercritical CO2 has found application in determination, separation and quantitative analyses of both fat- and water-soluble vitamins. The methods of vitamins separation have developed and improved throughout the years. Both groups of compounds were separated using supercritical fluid chromatography with different detection on different stationary phases...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
keyword
keyword
117942
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"