keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Resistance weight training

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642676/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-protein-and-exercise
#1
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Chad M Kerksick, Bill I Campbell, Paul J Cribb, Shawn D Wells, Tim M Skwiat, Martin Purpura, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Arny A Ferrando, Shawn M Arent, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jeffrey R Stout, Paul J Arciero, Michael J Ormsbee, Lem W Taylor, Colin D Wilborn, Doug S Kalman, Richard B Kreider, Darryn S Willoughby, Jay R Hoffman, Jamie L Krzykowski, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review related to the intake of protein for healthy, exercising individuals. Based on the current available literature, the position of the Society is as follows:An acute exercise stimulus, particularly resistance exercise, and protein ingestion both stimulate muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and are synergistic when protein consumption occurs before or after resistance exercise.For building muscle mass and for maintaining muscle mass through a positive muscle protein balance, an overall daily protein intake in the range of 1...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640441/adipose-tissue-derived-omentin-1-function-and-regulation
#2
Takuya Watanabe, Kaho Watanabe-Kominato, Yui Takahashi, Miho Kojima, Rena Watanabe
Omentin-1, also known as intelectin-1, is a recently identified novel adipocytokine of 313 amino acids, which is expressed in visceral (omental and epicardial) fat as well as mesothelial cells, vascular cells, airway goblet cells, small intestine, colon, ovary, and plasma. The level of omentin-1 expression in (pre)adipocytes is decreased by glucose/insulin and stimulated by fibroblast growth factor-21 and dexamethasone. Several lines of experimental evidence have shown that omentin-1 plays crucial roles in the maintenance of body metabolism and insulin sensitivity, and has anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic, and cardiovascular protective effects via AMP-activated protein kinase/Akt/nuclear factor-κB/mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK, JNK, and p38) signaling...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630601/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-diets-and-body-composition
#3
REVIEW
Alan A Aragon, Brad J Schoenfeld, Robert Wildman, Susan Kleiner, Trisha VanDusseldorp, Lem Taylor, Conrad P Earnest, Paul J Arciero, Colin Wilborn, Douglas S Kalman, Jeffrey R Stout, Darryn S Willoughby, Bill Campbell, Shawn M Arent, Laurent Bannock, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jose Antonio
Position Statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) bases the following position stand on a critical analysis of the literature regarding the effects of diet types (macronutrient composition; eating styles) and their influence on body composition. The ISSN has concluded the following. 1) There is a multitude of diet types and eating styles, whereby numerous subtypes fall under each major dietary archetype. 2) All body composition assessment methods have strengths and limitations. 3) Diets primarily focused on fat loss are driven by a sustained caloric deficit...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617715/strength-and-muscular-adaptations-following-6-weeks-of-rest-pause-versus-traditional-multiple-sets-resistance-training-in-trained-subjects
#4
Jonato Prestes, Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Eduardo de Araujo Sousa, Dahan da Cunha Nascimento, Pollyanna de Oliveira Rocha, Nathalia Ferreira Camarço, Nuno Manuel Frade de Sousa, Jeffrey M Willardson
The purpose of the present study was to compare the longitudinal effects of six weeks of rest-pause versus traditional multiple-set RT on muscle strength, hypertrophy, localized muscular endurance, and body composition in trained subjects. Eighteen trained subjects (mean ± SD; age = 30.2 ± 6.6 years; weight = 74.8 ± 17.2 kg; height = 171.4 ± 10.3 cm) were randomly assigned to either a traditional multiple-set group (n = 9; 7 males and 2 females; 3 sets of 6 repetitions with 80% of 1-RM and 2 min rest intervals between sets) or a rest-pause group (n = 9; 7 males and 2 females)...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606408/-common-therapeutic-approaches-of-sarcopenia-in-the-elderly-and-uremic-myopathy
#5
Philippe Chauveau, Karine Moreau, Catherine Lasseur, Christian Combe, Michel Aparicio
The gradual loss of weight and function of muscle in patients with chronic kidney disease as in the elderly impacts the quality of life. Early management should help slow the functional limitation. Physical activity is the first therapy to propose that ensures stability of muscle mass and improved function. Resistance training programs have proven effective but are not yet widely available in nephrology units. The nutritional management should not be forgotten because there is a resistance to anabolism and protein intake should be involved in physical activity program...
June 9, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597102/effects-of-progressive-resistance-training-and-weight-loss-versus-weight-loss-alone-on-inflammatory-and-endothelial-biomarkers-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Eliza G Miller, Parneet Sethi, Caryl A Nowson, David W Dunstan, Robin M Daly
PURPOSE: Type 2 diabetes has been associated with an increase in inflammatory and endothelial biomarkers, which are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes-related complications. This study examined the effects of high-intensity progressive resistance training (PRT) with moderate weight loss (WL) versus WL alone on inflammatory and endothelial biomarkers in older overweight adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This was a 12-month randomized controlled trial in which 36 inactive, overweight adults aged 60-80 years with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes were randomized to 6 months of supervised PRT + WL or stretching (sham) exercise plus WL followed by 6 months of home-training without dietary modification...
June 8, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596267/adaptations-of-motoneuron-properties-after-weight-lifting-training-in-rats
#7
Piotr Krutki, Włodzimierz Mrówczyński, Marcin Bączyk, Dawid Łochyński, Jan Celichowski
Resistance training, with repeated short-term and high-intensity exercises, is responsible for an increase in muscle mass and force. The aim of this study was to determine whether such training induces adaptations in the electrophysiological properties of motoneurons innervating the trained muscles and to relate these adaptive changes to previous observations made on motor unit contractile properties. The study was performed on adult male Wistar rats. Animals from the training group were subjected to a five-week voluntary progressive weight-lifting program, while control rats were restricted to standard cage activity...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595855/dissociated-time-course-between-peak-torque-and-total-work-recovery-following-bench-press-training-in-resistance-trained-men
#8
Diogo V Ferreira, Paulo Gentil, João B Ferreira-Junior, Saulo R S Soares, Lee E Brown, Martim Bottaro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the time course of peak torque and total work recovery after a resistance training session involving the bench press exercise. DESIGN: Repeated measures with a within subject design. METHODS: Twenty-six resistance-trained men (age: 23.7±3.7years; height: 176.0±5.7cm; mass: 79.65±7.61kg) performed one session involving eight sets of the bench press exercise performed to momentary muscle failure with 2-min rest between sets...
June 7, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583407/resistance-training-improves-aortic-structure-in-wistar-rats
#9
Romeu R Souza, Elias de França, Diana Madureira, Carla C R Pontes, Jeferson O Santana, Erico C Caperuto
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the effects of resistance training on the aortic wall. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to quantify the effects of a resistance-training program on blood pressure and aortic wall structural components. METHODS: Rats (aged three months) were randomized into sedentary group (control group, CG; n=10) or trained group (TG; n=10). The TG rats performed resistance training by climbing a 1.1-m vertical ladder (80° incline) five times a week for 12 weeks, and the CG remained sedentary...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578654/progressive-resistance-training-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-during-concomitant-chemoradiotherapy-design-of-the-dahanca-31-randomized-trial
#10
Camilla K Lonkvist, Simon Lønbro, Anders Vinther, Bo Zerahn, Eva Rosenbom, Hanne Primdahl, Pernille Hojman, Julie Gehl
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer patients undergoing concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) frequently experience loss of muscle mass and reduced functional performance. Positive effects of exercise training are reported for many cancer types but biological mechanisms need further elucidation. This randomized study investigates whether progressive resistance training (PRT) may attenuate loss of muscle mass and functional performance. Furthermore, biochemical markers and muscle biopsies will be investigated trying to link biological mechanisms to training effects...
June 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574410/changes-in-muscle-cross-sectional-area-muscle-force-and-jump-performance-during-6-weeks-of-progressive-whole-body-vibration-combined-with-progressive-high-intensity-resistance-training
#11
A Rosenberger, Å Beijer, B Johannes, E Schoenau, J Mester, J Rittweger, J Zange
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that progressive whole-body vibration (WBV) superimposed to progressive high intensity resistance training has greater effects on muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), muscle force of leg muscles, and jump performance than progressive high intensity resistance training alone. METHODS: Two groups of healthy male subjects performed either 6 weeks of Resistive Vibration Exercise (RVE, squats and heel raises with WBV, n=13) or Resistive Exercise (RE, squats and heel raises without WBV, n=13)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573401/effects-of-supervised-vs-unsupervised-training-programs-on-balance-and-muscle-strength-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
André Lacroix, Tibor Hortobágyi, Rainer Beurskens, Urs Granacher
BACKGROUND: Balance and resistance training can improve healthy older adults' balance and muscle strength. Delivering such exercise programs at home without supervision may facilitate participation for older adults because they do not have to leave their homes. To date, no systematic literature analysis has been conducted to determine if supervision affects the effectiveness of these programs to improve healthy older adults' balance and muscle strength/power. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to quantify the effectiveness of supervised vs...
June 1, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570613/clinical-ultrasound-and-molecular-biomarkers-for-early-prediction-of-large-for-gestational-age-infants-in-nulliparous-women-an-international-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Matias C Vieira, Lesley M E McCowan, Alexandra Gillett, Lucilla Poston, Elaine Fyfe, Gustaaf A Dekker, Philip N Baker, James J Walker, Louise C Kenny, Dharmintra Pasupathy
OBJECTIVE: To develop a prediction model for term infants born large for gestational age (LGA) by customised birthweight centiles. METHODS: International prospective cohort of nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy recruited to the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) study. LGA was defined as birthweight above the 90th customised centile, including adjustment for parity, ethnicity, maternal height and weight, fetal gender and gestational age. Clinical risk factors, ultrasound parameters and biomarkers at 14-16 or 19-21 weeks were combined into a prediction model for LGA infants at term using stepwise logistic regression in a training dataset...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562833/the-effect-of-physical-resistance-training-on-baroreflex-sensitivity-of-hypertensive-rats
#14
Moisés Felipe Pereira Gomes, Mariana Eiras Borges, Vitor de Almeida Rossi, Elizabeth de Orleans C de Moura, Alessandra Medeiros
Background: Baroreceptors act as regulators of blood pressure (BP); however, its sensitivity is impaired in hypertensive patients. Among the recommendations for BP reduction, exercise training has become an important adjuvant therapy in this population. However, there are many doubts about the effects of resistance exercise training in this population. Objective: To evaluate the effect of resistance exercise training on BP and baroreceptor sensitivity in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR)...
May 25, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557854/short-term-effects-of-resistance-training-modalities-on-performance-measures-in-male-adolescents
#15
P W Winwood, J J Buckley
This study compared the effects of seven weeks of bodyweight, mobility and resistance training programs on strength, power, and sprint times. Thirty-nine male adolescents (aged 14-15 years) were randomly assigned to one of two groups; bodyweight and mobility training (BMT) (n=25) or combined bodyweight, mobility and free weights training (CBT) (n=14). A physical education class (n=23) of similar age constituted a control group (CON). Both training groups performed two bodyweight and mobility training sessions per week and the CBT group performed two additional free-weight resistance exercise training sessions...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556755/effects-of-exercise-training-alone-on-depot-specific-body-fat-stores-in-youth-review-of-recent-literature
#16
YoonMyung Kim
The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased at an alarming rate. The increased obesity rate in pediatrics parallels the increased risks for developing metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In particular, the strong relationship between obesity and such health consequences are well explained by the excessive accumulation of depot-specific body adiposity such as visceral adipose tissue (VAT), intrahepatic lipid content, intermuscular AT (IMAT), and/or intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content...
May 30, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547918/exercise-with-weight-loss-improves-adipose-tissue-and-skeletal-muscle-markers-of-fatty-acid-metabolism-in-postmenopausal-women
#17
Heidi K Ortmeyer, Andrew P Goldberg, Alice S Ryan
OBJECTIVE: The effects of 6-month weight loss (WL) versus aerobic exercise training (AEX)+WL on fat and skeletal muscle markers of fatty acid metabolism were determined in normal (NGT) and impaired (IGT) glucose tolerant African-American and Caucasian postmenopausal women with overweight/obesity. METHODS: Fat (gluteal and abdominal) lipoprotein lipase (LPL), skeletal muscle LPL, acyl-CoA synthase (ACS), ß-hydroxacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT-1), and citrate synthase (CS) activities were measured at baseline (n = 104) and before and after WL (n = 34) and AEX+WL (n = 37)...
May 26, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536139/effects-of-leucine-supplementation-and-resistance-training-on-myopathy-of-diabetic-rats
#18
Carlos Eduardo C Martins, Vanessa B de S Lima, Brad J Schoenfeld, Julio Tirapegui
Leucine supplementation and resistance training positively influence the protein translation process and the cell signaling mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway that regulates muscle protein balance and muscle remodeling, and thus may be therapeutic to diabetic myopathy. However, the effect of a combined intervention has not been well studied. Forty male Wistar rats were divided into five groups, control (C), diabetic control (D), diabetic + trained (DT), diabetic + L-leucine (DL), diabetic + L-leucine + trained (DLT)...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514618/aerobic-or-resistance-exercise-or-both-in-dieting-obese-older-adults
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dennis T Villareal, Lina Aguirre, A Burke Gurney, Debra L Waters, David R Sinacore, Elizabeth Colombo, Reina Armamento-Villareal, Clifford Qualls
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes frailty in older adults; however, weight loss might accelerate age-related loss of muscle and bone mass and resultant sarcopenia and osteopenia. METHODS: In this clinical trial involving 160 obese older adults, we evaluated the effectiveness of several exercise modes in reversing frailty and preventing reduction in muscle and bone mass induced by weight loss. Participants were randomly assigned to a weight-management program plus one of three exercise programs - aerobic training, resistance training, or combined aerobic and resistance training - or to a control group (no weight-management or exercise program)...
May 18, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497781/face-classification-using-electronic-synapses
#20
Peng Yao, Huaqiang Wu, Bin Gao, Sukru Burc Eryilmaz, Xueyao Huang, Wenqiang Zhang, Qingtian Zhang, Ning Deng, Luping Shi, H-S Philip Wong, He Qian
Conventional hardware platforms consume huge amount of energy for cognitive learning due to the data movement between the processor and the off-chip memory. Brain-inspired device technologies using analogue weight storage allow to complete cognitive tasks more efficiently. Here we present an analogue non-volatile resistive memory (an electronic synapse) with foundry friendly materials. The device shows bidirectional continuous weight modulation behaviour. Grey-scale face classification is experimentally demonstrated using an integrated 1024-cell array with parallel online training...
May 12, 2017: Nature Communications
keyword
keyword
117939
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"