keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cognitive bia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776682/the-impact-of-apolipoprotein-e-alleles-on-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Anna Pierzchlińska, Monika Białecka, Mateusz Kurzawski, Jarosław Sławek
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a vital component of several lipoproteins and plays a major role in lipid metabolism. APOE gene comprises of three alleles determined by two single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs429358 and rs7412) resulting in the protein isoforms, among which ApoE4 is a confirmed risk factor for Alzheimer's Disease. However, the impact of APOE genotypes on Parkinson's Disease Dementia (PDD) is still inconclusive. The PDD diagnostic criteria are very inconsistent, and could be complemented with genetic factors...
May 5, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727406/the-associations-between-adiposity-cognitive-function-and-achievement-in-children
#2
Lauren Raine, Eric Drollette, Shih-Chun Kao, Daniel Westfall, Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Arthur F Kramer, Naiman Khan, Charles Hillman
Although obesity has been related to measures of academic achievement and cognition in children, the influence of fat distribution, specifically visceral adiposity, on select aspects of achievement and cognitive function remains poorly characterized among preadolescent children. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation of adiposity, particularly visceral adipose tissue, on achievement and cognitive function among children. METHODS: Children with obesity (ages 7-9 years old, N= 55, 35 females) completed cognitive and academic tests...
April 27, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659039/a-meta-analysis-of-the-relationships-between-body-checking-body-image-avoidance-body-image-dissatisfaction-mood-and-disordered-eating
#3
REVIEW
D Catherine Walker, Emily K White, Vamshek J Srinivasan
OBJECTIVE: Body checking (BC) and body image avoidance (BIA) have been proposed as etiological and maintaining mechanisms for eating disorder (ED) pathology. To date, no comprehensive review summarizes the relationships of BC and BIA with ED pathology, body image dissatisfaction, or mood/affect. METHOD: Meta-analyses examined the relationships of BC and BIA with ED pathology, body image dissatisfaction, and mood/affect. Gender, publication status, and presence or absence of ED diagnoses were examined as potential moderators...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604484/psychiatric-and-cognitive-adverse-events-a-pooled-analysis-of-three-phase-iii-trials-of-adjunctive-eslicarbazepine-acetate-for-partial-onset-seizures
#4
Eva Andermann, Victor Biton, Selim R Benbadis, Bassel Shneker, Aashit K Shah, Mar Carreño, Eugen Trinka, Elinor Ben-Menachem, Arnaud Biraben, Francisco Rocha, Helena Gama, Hailong Cheng, David Blum
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nature and incidence of psychiatric and cognitive adverse events (AEs) reported with eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) used as adjunctive treatment for refractory partial-onset seizures (POS) in adults. METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of data pooled from three randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trials (BIA-2093-301, -302, -304). After an 8-week baseline period, patients received placebo or adjunctive ESL 400mg (studies 301 and 302 only), 800mg, or 1200mg once daily (QD) for 14weeks (2-week titration period, 12-week maintenance period)...
March 28, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470861/mini-cog-for-the-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-other-dementias-within-a-primary-care-setting
#5
REVIEW
Dallas P Seitz, Calvin Ch Chan, Hailey T Newton, Sudeep S Gill, Nathan Herrmann, Nadja Smailagic, Vasilis Nikolaou, Bruce A Fage
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia are becoming increasingly common with the aging of most populations. The majority of individuals with dementia will first present for care and assessment in primary care settings. There is a need for brief dementia screening instruments that can accurately diagnose dementia in primary care settings. The Mini-Cog is a brief, cognitive screening test that is frequently used to evaluate cognition in older adults in various settings...
February 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391218/event-related-brain-potential-correlates-of-words-emotional-valence-irrespective-of-arousal-and-type-of-task
#6
Javier Espuny, Laura Jiménez-Ortega, Pilar Casado, Sabela Fondevila, Francisco Muñoz, David Hernández-Gutiérrez, Manuel Martín-Loeches
Many Event-Related brain Potential (ERP) experiments have explored how the two main dimensions of emotion, arousal and valence, affect linguistic processing. However, the heterogeneity of experimental paradigms and materials has led to mixed results. In the present study, we aim to clarify words' emotional valence effects on ERP when arousal is controlled, and determine whether these effects may vary as a function of the type of task performed. For these purposes, we designed an ERP experiment with the valence of words manipulated, and arousal equated across valences...
March 23, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#7
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984603/relation-of-odor-identification-with-alzheimer-s-disease-markers-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-cognition
#8
Babette L R Reijs, Inez H G B Ramakers, Lyzel Elias-Sonnenschein, Charlotte E Teunissen, Marleen Koel-Simmelink, Magda Tsolaki, Lars-Olof Wahlund, Gunhild Waldemar, Lucrezia Hausner, Peter Johannsen, Hugo Vanderstichele, Frans Verhey, D P Devanand, Pieter Jelle Visser
BACKGROUND: Impaired olfactory function is an early characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but it remains unclear if odor identification also relates to early markers of AD in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between odor identification and amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ42) and total tau (t-tau) concentrations in CSF. In addition, to examine the relation between odor identification and cognitive function at baseline and at follow-up, and whether these associations are moderated by CSF Aβ42 and t-tau and apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984585/memory-correlates-of-alzheimer-s-disease-cerebrospinal-fluid-markers-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#9
Babette L R Reijs, Inez H G B Ramakers, Sebastian Köhler, Charlotte E Teunissen, Marleen Koel-Simmelink, Pradeep J Nathan, Magda Tsolaki, Lars-Olof Wahlund, Gunhild Waldemar, Lucrezia Hausner, Rik Vandenberghe, Peter Johannsen, Andrew Blackwell, Hugo Vanderstichele, Frans Verhey, Pieter Jelle Visser
BACKGROUND: Performance on episodic, semantic, and working memory tests is impaired in Alzheimer's disease (AD)-type dementia, but it is unclear which type of memory test is most strongly associated with early AD biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and most useful for monitoring disease progression. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ42) and tau in CSF with performance on different memory domains at baseline, and how these CSF markers are related with memory decline...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965364/bupropion-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-adults
#10
REVIEW
Wim Verbeeck, Geertruida E Bekkering, Wim Van den Noortgate, Cornelis Kramers
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurobiological condition, characterised by behavioral and cognitive symptoms such as inattention, impulsivity and/or excessive activity. The syndrome is commonly accompanied by psychiatric comorbidities and is associated with educational and occupational underachievement.Although psychostimulant medications are the mainstay of treatment for ADHD, not all adults respond optimally to, or can tolerate, these medicines...
October 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928681/how-does-l1-and-l2-exposure-impact-l1-performance-in-bilingual-children-evidence-from-polish-english-migrants-to-the-united-kingdom
#11
Ewa Haman, Zofia Wodniecka, Marta Marecka, Jakub Szewczyk, Marta Białecka-Pikul, Agnieszka Otwinowska, Karolina Mieszkowska, Magdalena Łuniewska, Joanna Kołak, Aneta Miękisz, Agnieszka Kacprzak, Natalia Banasik, Małgorzata Foryś-Nogala
Most studies on bilingual language development focus on children's second language (L2). Here, we investigated first language (L1) development of Polish-English early migrant bilinguals in four domains: vocabulary, grammar, phonological processing, and discourse. We first compared Polish language skills between bilinguals and their Polish non-migrant monolingual peers, and then investigated the influence of the cumulative exposure to L1 and L2 on bilinguals' performance. We then examined whether high exposure to L1 could possibly minimize the gap between monolinguals and bilinguals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901558/-things-aren-t-so-bad-preschoolers-overpredict-the-emotional-intensity-of-negative-outcomes
#12
Leia Kopp, Cristina M Atance, Sean Pearce
Adults often overpredict the emotional intensity of future events, but little is known about whether this 'intensity bias' is present in early childhood. We asked 48 3- to 5-year-olds to (1) predict and (2) report their emotions concerning two desirable (receiving four stickers, scoring up to two points in a ball toss) and two undesirable (receiving one sticker, scoring no points) outcomes. Children showed the intensity bias by overpredicting how negatively they would feel if they received one sticker, but not for scoring no points...
November 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821686/effect-of-simvastatin-on-csf-alzheimer-disease-biomarkers-in-cognitively-normal-adults
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ge Li, Cynthia L Mayer, Daniel Morelli, Steven P Millard, Wendy H Raskind, Eric C Petrie, Monique Cherrier, Anne M Fagan, Murray A Raskind, Elaine R Peskind
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential disease-modifying effects of statin drugs, we conducted a 12-month randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of simvastatin in cognitively normal adults using change in CSF Alzheimer disease biomarkers as primary outcome measure. METHODS: Participants were 45-64 years old and statin-naive with normal cognition and normal or mildly elevated cholesterol. Forty-six participants completed the 1-year study per protocol (25 in the simvastatin and 21 in the placebo group)...
September 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759631/physical-and-cognitive-effort-discounting-across-different-reward-magnitudes-tests-of-discounting-models
#14
Wojciech Białaszek, Przemysław Marcowski, Paweł Ostaszewski
The effort required to obtain a rewarding outcome is an important factor in decision-making. Describing the reward devaluation by increasing effort intensity is substantial to understanding human preferences, because every action and choice that we make is in itself effortful. To investigate how reward valuation is affected by physical and cognitive effort, we compared mathematical discounting functions derived from research on discounting. Seven discounting models were tested across three different reward magnitudes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758777/reading-dilemmas-in-a-foreign-language-reduces-both-deontological-and-utilitarian-response-tendencies
#15
Rafał Muda, Paweł Niszczota, Michał Białek, Paul Conway
Moral dilemmas entail deciding whether to cause harm to maximize overall outcomes, such as killing 1 person to save 5. Past work has demonstrated that people are more willing to accept causing such outcome-maximizing harm when they read dilemmas in a foreign language they speak rather than their native language. Presumably this effect is due to foreign dilemmas inducing reduced emotional impact, rather than increased cognitive processing, but previous work cannot distinguish between these possibilities because it treats them as diametric opposites...
February 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657160/ketamine-as-an-adjuvant-to-opioids-for-cancer-pain
#16
REVIEW
Rae F Bell, Christopher Eccleston, Eija A Kalso
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a review first published in 2003 and updated in 2012.Ketamine is a commonly used anaesthetic agent, and in subanaesthetic doses is also given as an adjuvant to opioids for the treatment of refractory cancer pain, when opioids alone or in combination with appropriate adjuvant analgesics prove to be ineffective. Ketamine is known to have psychomimetic (including hallucinogenic), urological, and hepatic adverse effects. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and adverse effects of ketamine as an adjuvant to opioids for refractory cancer pain in adults...
June 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655442/effects-of-common-functional-mmp12-gene-polymorphisms-on-pd-in-a-polish-population
#17
Monika Białecka, Mateusz Kurzawski, Tatyana Vlaykova, Tanya Tacheva, Violetta Dziedziejko, Anna Pierzchlińska, Marek Droździk
The present study investigated associations of two functional MMP12 polymorphisms with PD risk and cognitive impairment in PD. A total of 478 study subjects (241 PD and 237 age and sex matched controls) were included in the study. UPDRS score, Hoehn-Yahr staging and Schwab-England scale were used to assess motor abilities and activity during daily life. All patients were classified into groups with dementia (PDD, n=72) and without dementia (nPDD, n=159) based on the neuropsychological assessment. The two most common functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in MMP12 gene were determined using TaqMan real-time PCR assays...
September 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641221/a-curse-of-knowledge-in-the-absence-of-knowledge-people-misattribute-fluency-when-judging-how-common-knowledge-is-among-their-peers
#18
Susan A J Birch, Patricia E Brosseau-Liard, Taeh Haddock, Siba E Ghrear
Knowledge can be a curse: Once we have acquired a particular item of knowledge it tends to bias, or contaminate, our ability to reason about a less informed perspective (referred to as the 'curse of knowledge' or 'hindsight bias'). The mechanisms underlying the curse of knowledge bias are a matter of great import and debate. We highlight two mechanisms that have been proposed to underlie this bias-inhibition and fluency misattribution. Explanations that involve inhibition argue that people have difficulty fully inhibiting or suppressing the content of their knowledge when trying to reason about a less informed perspective...
September 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502553/a-shortened-protocol-for-assessing-cognitive-bias-in-rats
#19
Nichola M Brydges, Lynsey Hall
BACKGROUND: Reliable measurement of affective state in animals is a significant goal of animal welfare. Such measurements would also improve the validity of pre-clinical mental health research which relies on animal models. However, at present, affective states in animals are inaccessible to direct measurement. In humans, changes in cognitive processing can give reliable indications of emotional state. Therefore, similar techniques are increasingly being used to gain proxy measures of affective states in animals...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447363/tobacco-packaging-design-for-reducing-tobacco-use
#20
REVIEW
Ann McNeill, Shannon Gravely, Sara C Hitchman, Linda Bauld, David Hammond, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the largest single preventable cause of death and disease worldwide. Standardised tobacco packaging is an intervention intended to reduce the promotional appeal of packs and can be defined as packaging with a uniform colour (and in some cases shape and size) with no logos or branding, apart from health warnings and other government-mandated information, and the brand name in a prescribed uniform font, colour and size. Australia was the first country to implement standardised tobacco packaging between October and December 2012, France implemented standardised tobacco packaging on 1 January 2017 and several other countries are implementing, or intending to implement, standardised tobacco packaging...
April 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
117933
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"