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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781660/the-development-and-validation-of-the-physical-appearance-comparison-scale-3-pacs-3
#1
Lauren M Schaefer, J Kevin Thompson
Appearance comparison processes are implicated in the development of body-image disturbance and disordered eating. The Physical Appearance Comparison Scale-Revised (PACS-R) assesses the simple frequency of appearance comparisons; however, research has suggested that other aspects of appearance comparisons (e.g., comparison direction) may moderate the association between comparisons and their negative outcomes. In the current study, the PACS-R was revised to examine aspects of comparisons with relevance to body-image and eating outcomes...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781234/the-unsafe-haven-eating-disorders-as-attachment-relationships
#2
Emma Forsén Mantilla, David Clinton, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVES: Some patients with eating disorders (EDs) seem to experience their illness as an entity, a symbolic other to whom they relate, and which may influence both symptom levels and self-image. Extending previous research, this study investigated whether the patient-ED relationship has attachment qualities. DESIGN: Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour was used to operationalize the patient-ED relationship, and the Attachment Style Questionnaire was used to measure attachment...
May 21, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780794/pediatric-scurvy-when-contemporary-eating-habits-bring-back-the-past
#3
Alice Brambilla, Cristina Pizza, Donatella Lasagni, Lucia Lachina, Massimo Resti, Sandra Trapani
Vitamin C deficiency is anecdotal in developed countries, mainly associated with underling clinical morbidities as autism or neurological impairment. Chronic insufficient dietary supply is responsible for vascular fragility and impaired bone formation, resulting in gingival bleeding, petechial lesions, articular and bone pain or limb swelling. Children may present anorexia, irritability, failure to thrive, limping or refusal to walk. Accordingly, pediatric scurvy is frequently misdiagnosed with osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, bone and soft tissue tumor, leukemia, bleeding disorders, and rheumatologic conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780792/eosinophilic-esophagitis-is-an-underlying-cause-for-gastrointestinal-concerns-in-children
#4
REVIEW
Kunsong Lee, Glenn T Furuta, Nathalie Nguyen
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune antigen-mediated disorder characterized by symptoms of esophageal dysfunction in combination with dense esophageal eosinophilia. The clinical presentation of EoE can vary depending on children's age and their ability to report symptoms, therefore a high index of suspicion for EoE is required because children and teenagers may develop coping strategies around eating. The development of symptoms measurement tools in EoE assists in not only assessing symptoms, but also coping strategies children may have developed...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#5
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778388/androgen-excess-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-society-position-statement-on-depression-anxiety-quality-of-life-and-eating-disorders-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#6
Anuja Dokras, Elisabeth Stener-Victorin, Bulent O Yildiz, Rong Li, Sasha Ottey, Duru Shah, Neill Epperson, Helena Teede
OBJECTIVE: To formulate clinical consensus recommendations for screening depression, anxiety, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and disordered eating symptoms in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and review prevalence based on phenotypes and ethnicity, changes over time, etiology, and impact of treatment. DESIGN: Systematic reviews and preparation of position statement. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Women with PCOS and controls screened using validated tools...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777970/understanding-self-concealment-within-a-framework-of-eating-disorder-cognitions-and-body-image-flexibility-conceptual-and-applied-implications
#7
Akihiko Masuda, Janet D Latner, John P Barlie, Kayla Sargent
Although self-concealment has been long recognized in the context of body image disturbance and disordered eating concerns, empirical evidence remains limited. Following cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) models of disordered eating and body image concerns, the present cross-sectional study examined whether the construct of self-concealment was related to disordered eating and body image concerns. More specifically, we investigated whether eating disorder cognitions and body image flexibility, two factors linked to the maintenance of disordered eating concerns, are uniquely associated with self-concealment, while controlling for key demographic and sociocultural variables...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#8
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774627/changes-in-eating-disorder-characteristics-over-the-years
#9
Michel Probst, Kärt Kürsa, Tine Van Damme, Jolien Diedens, Johan Vanderlinden
Since 1980, the diagnostic criteria of patients with eating disorders (ED) have changed over the years. Are these changes also expressed in the clinical features of the ED patients? A cross-sectional sample was drawn consisting of 100 consecutive female patients' files diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) and bulimia nervosa and admitted at an inpatient unit from the first of January 1990, 2000, and 2010, respectively. Several reliable and well-validated questionnaires (Eating Disorder Inventory, Body Attitude Test, Symptom Checklist, and the Beck Depression Inventory) were administered and scores were compared...
May 17, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774515/eating-disorder-or-oesophageal-achalasia-during-adolescence-diagnostic-difficulties
#10
REVIEW
Aurélie Letranchant, Bénédicte Pigneur, Martine Flament, Nathalie Godart
Marine was a fourteen and a half-year-old adolescent female hospitalized for an eating disorder (ED) of the anorexic type with purging behaviors. She has had a complicated life course, made up of disruptions and discontinuities, both family and school. Since the age of five, Marine had been intermittently treated in psychiatry for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder. The current illness started with spontaneous and induced vomiting associated with major weight loss (body mass index, 15.27 kg m-2 )...
May 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773151/changes-in-body-image-and-onset-of-disordered-eating-behaviors-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-over-a-five-year-longitudinal-follow-up
#11
Alda Troncone, Crescenzo Cascella, Antonietta Chianese, Ilaria Galiero, Angela Zanfardino, Santino Confetto, Laura Perrone, Dario Iafusco
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes over a five-year period in body image accuracy and dissatisfaction, as well as relationships with disordered eating behaviors (DEBs), in young patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Of 81 children (42 male, 39 female) with type 1 diabetes first assessed at ages 5.1-10.06 years, 67 (83%) were re-enrolled and interviewed as adolescents (aged 10.07-15.08 years) at follow-up. DEBs were assessed using a parent-report standardized measure...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772309/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-obesity-a-review-and-model-of-current-hypotheses-explaining-their-comorbidity
#12
REVIEW
Tomasz Hanć, Samuele Cortese
Available meta-analyses point to a significant association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obesity. The possible mechanisms underlying this relationship are unclear. Here, we overview the studies aimed at identifying the factors contributing to the comorbidity between ADHD and obesity, including genetic factors, fetal programming, executive dysfunctions, psychosocial stress, factors directly related to energy balance, and sleep patterns alterations. The bulk of current research has focused on reduced physical activity and abnormal eating patterns as possible causes of weight gain in individuals with ADHD...
May 14, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767908/gender-differences-in-body-mass-index-body-weight-perception-weight-satisfaction-disordered-eating-and-weight-control-strategies-among-indian-medical-and-nursing-undergraduates
#13
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, Rohini Thimmaiah, S Sai Nikhil Reddy, Kathyayani B V, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Suresh BadaMath
OBJECTIVES: To assess gender disparity in body weight perception, Body Mass Index (BMI), weight satisfaction and role of depression among undergraduate Medical and Nursing students. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in conveniently selected medical (n=241) and nursing (n=213) students of Bangalore, South India. Data was collected using self-administered SCOFF questionnaires. RESULTS: Our findings revealed that men had a significantly higher BMI than women (t=5...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766655/pre-surgical-surgical-and-post-surgical-experiences-of-weight-loss-surgery-patients-a-closer-look-at-social-determinants-of-health
#14
L P Johnson, F M Asigbee, R Crowell, A Negrini
Using a novel qualitative approach, Photovoice, researchers assessed social, psychological, physical and economic barriers encountered by patients of weight loss surgery. Applying the Photovoice approach and Williams' theory of narrative reconstruction for qualitative interviewing, the research team set out to investigate the bariatric patient experience from pre-surgery to hospitalization to post-surgery. Fifteen participants were given digital cameras and asked to take photographs that represented their weight loss journeys...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766478/-time-for-cluster-c-personality-disorders-state-of-the-art
#15
J Hutsebaut, E M C Willemsen, H L Van
BACKGROUND: Compared to cluster B personality disorders, the assessment and treatment of people with obsessive-compulsive, dependent, and avoidant personality disorders (cluster C) is given little attention in the field of research and clinical practice. AIM: Presenting the current state of affairs in regard to cluster C personality disorders. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted using the main data bases. RESULTS: Cluster C personality disorders are present in approximately 3-9% of the general population...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766462/disgust-and-fear-common-emotions-between-eating-and-phobic-disorders
#16
Rami Bou Khalil, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Yara Tabet, Lama Souaiby, Hayat Azouri
Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent mental illnesses composed mainly of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders. Anxiety disorders are another set of mental illnesses, with phobic disorder (PD) being the most prevalent disorder. ED and PD are highly comorbid. The aim of this study is to assess, in 131 individuals attending an outpatient clinic for different health issues, the level of fear related to situations generating avoidance such as in social anxiety and specific phobias according to the fear questionnaire (FQ), the level of disgust according to the disgust scale (DS-R) and the vulnerability towards ED according to the SCOFF scale to demonstrate that high levels of both fear and disgust increase the vulnerability towards ED...
May 15, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765343/questionnaire-based-maladaptive-decision-coping-patterns-involved-in-binge-eating-among-1013-college-students
#17
Wan-Sen Yan, Ran-Ran Zhang, Yan Lan, Zhi-Ming Li, Yong-Hui Li
Binge Eating Disorder (BED), considered a public health problem because of its impact on psychiatric, physical, and social functioning, merits much attention given its elevation to an independent diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Similar with substance use disorders, some neuropsychological and personality constructs are potentially implicated in the onset and development of BED, in which poor decision-making has been suggested to facilitate overeating and BED...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764604/self-reported-interoceptive-deficits-in-eating-disorders-a-meta-analysis-of-studies-using-the-eating-disorder-inventory
#18
REVIEW
Paul M Jenkinson, Lauren Taylor, Keith R Laws
OBJECTIVE: An impairment of the ability to sense the physiological condition of the body - interoception - has long been proposed as central to the onset and maintenance of eating disorders. More recent attention to this topic has generally indicated the presence of interoceptive deficits in individuals with an eating disorder diagnosis; however, possible links with specific diagnosis, BMI, age, illness duration, depression, and alexithymia remain unclear from individual studies. This meta-analysis aimed to provide a necessary quantitative overview of self-reported interoceptive deficits in eating disorder populations, and the relationship between these deficits and the previously mentioned factors...
July 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763998/media-technology-use-and-attitudes-associations-with-physical-and-mental-well-being-in-youth-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#19
Nadine Zeeni, Rita Doumit, Joelle Abi Kharma, Maria-Jose Sanchez-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that the use of technology and media, in their different available forms, may have detrimental effects on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents and young adults. AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the use of different types of technology and media, attitudes toward them, and how they relate to physical and mental well-being in Lebanese university students. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional design was used...
May 15, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763767/to-deliver-or-not-to-deliver-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-replication-and-extension-of-our-understanding-of-why-therapists-fail-to-do-what-they-should-do
#20
Sandra Mulkens, Chloé de Vos, Anastacia de Graaff, Glenn Waller
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the extent to which therapists fail to apply empirically supported treatments in a sample of clinicians in The Netherlands, delivering cognitive behavioral therapy for eating disorders (CBT-ED). It aimed to replicate previous findings, and to extend them by examining other potential intra-individual factors associated with the level of (non-)use of core CBT-ED techniques. METHOD: Participants were 139 clinicians (127 women; mean age 41...
May 4, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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