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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908844/quittr-the-design-of-a-video-game-to-support-smoking-cessation
#1
Ivan Bindoff, Kristy de Salas, Gregory Peterson, Tristan Ling, Ian Lewis, Lindsay Wells, Peter Gee, Stuart G Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Smoking is recognized as the largest, single, preventable cause of death and disease in the developed world. While the majority of smokers report wanting to quit, and many try each year, smokers find it difficult to maintain long-term abstinence. Behavioral support, such as education, advice, goal-setting, and encouragement, is known to be beneficial in improving the likelihood of succeeding in a quit attempt, but it remains difficult to effectively deliver this behavioral support and keep the patient engaged with the process for a sufficient duration...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907817/moderators-of-change-in-an-internet-based-intervention-for-eating-disorders-with-different-levels-of-therapist-support-what-works-for-whom
#2
Jiska J Aardoom, Alexandra E Dingemans, Marjolein Fokkema, Philip Spinhoven, Eric F Van Furth
This study investigated moderators of intervention response in a fully automated Internet-based monitoring and feedback intervention ('Featback') with different levels of therapist support for individuals with eating disorder (ED) symptoms. This study was part of a randomized controlled trial comparing four conditions: 1) Featback, 2) Featback with low-intensity (weekly) therapist support, 3) Featback with high-intensity (three times a week) therapist support, and 4) a waiting list. A total of 273 participants completed baseline and post-intervention assessments...
November 22, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906411/mental-health-emergencies-in-paediatric-services-characteristics-diagnostic-stability-and-gender-differences
#3
Montserrat Porter, Rebeca Gracia, Joan-Carles Oliva, Montserrat Pàmias, Gemma Garcia-Parés, Jesús Cobo
INTRODUCTION: Child and adolescent psychiatric emergencies have increased in recent years. The main objective of our study is to analyze sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of psychiatric emergencies under 18 years old that came to our hospital. Secondary objectives were to study diagnostic stability made in the emergency department and undertake a gender analysis. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study of patients attending the pediatric emergency department who required consultation to psychiatry service during 2010 and 2011, comparing data with two previous cross-sectional cuts (2002-2003 and 2006-2007)...
November 2016: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905916/study-protocol-a-dose-escalating-phase-2-study-of-oral-lisdexamfetamine-in-adults-with-methamphetamine-dependence
#4
Nadine Ezard, Adrian Dunlop, Brendan Clifford, Raimondo Bruno, Andrew Carr, Alexandra Bissaker, Nicholas Lintzeris
BACKGROUND: The treatment of methamphetamine dependence is a continuing global health problem. Agonist type pharmacotherapies have been used successfully to treat opioid and nicotine dependence and are being studied for the treatment of methamphetamine dependence. One potential candidate is lisdexamfetamine, a pro-drug for dexamphetamine, which has a longer lasting therapeutic action with a lowered abuse potential. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety of lisdexamfetamine in this population at doses higher than those currently approved for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or binge eating disorder...
December 1, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904991/eat-up%C3%A2-family-centered-feeding-intervention-to-promote-food-acceptance-and-decrease-challenging-behaviors-a-single-case-experimental-design-replicated-across-three-families-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Joanna Cosbey, Deirdre Muldoon
This study evaluated the effectiveness of a family-centered feeding intervention, Easing Anxiety Together with Understanding and Perseverance (EAT-UP™), for promoting food acceptance of children with autism spectrum disorder at home. A concurrent multiple-baseline design was used with systematic replication across three families. Baseline was followed by an 'Intervention-Coaching' phase and then an 'Intervention-Independent' phase. Using direct observation and pre- and post-intervention questionnaires, data on acceptance of less preferred foods and challenging mealtime behaviors were collected...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904642/disturbed-eating-behavior-in-iranian-adolescent-and-young-females-with-type-1-diabetes-compared-to-non-diabetic-peers-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Hamid Reza Roohafza, Zahra Abdeyazdan, Parvaneh Amini, Saied Pahlavanzadeh, Pedram Shokouh
BACKGROUND: An association of eating disorder with diabetes mellitus may lead to a serious lack of metabolic control, higher mortality and morbidity. There is no recent study conducted in the Iranian population about eating disorder and its variants. The aim of the present study is investigation of frequency of disturbed eating behaviors in adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) compared to non-diabetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, disturbed eating behavior were evaluated and compared in two groups of 12-22 year old adolescent and young females (126 with diabetes and 325 without diabetes)...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902497/service-providers-attitudes-toward-athletes-with-eating-disorders
#7
Siobhain McArdle, Mary M Meade, Emma Burrows
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the nature and extent of Athlete Support Personnel's (ASP's) attitudes and beliefs toward athletes with symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN) compared with those with symptoms of depression. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with a survey instrument. SETTING: Sport and Exercise Science Professional Bodies and Associations in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, and mainland United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fifty-two ASP...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901519/predictors-of-comorbid-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-skin-picking-disorder-in-trichotillomania
#8
Nancy J Keuthen, Erin E Curley, Jeremiah M Scharf, Douglas W Woods, Christine Lochner, Dan J Stein, Esther S Tung, Erica Greenberg, S Evelyn Stewart, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Trichotillomania (TTM), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and skin-picking disorder (SPD) frequently occur together and share overlapping phenomenology, pathophysiology, and possible genetic underpinnings. This study sought to identify factors that predict OCD and SPD in hair pullers. METHODS: Five hundred fifty-five adult female hair pullers were recruited from specialty clinics and assessed using standardized, semi-structured interviews and self-reports...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901263/negative-effects-of-submandibular-botulinum-neurotoxin-a-injections-on-oral-motor-function-in-children-with-drooling-due-to-central-nervous-system-disorders
#9
Karen van Hulst, Carlyn V Kouwenberg, Pieter H Jongerius, Ton Feuth, Franciscus J A van den Hoogen, Alexander C H Geurts, Corrie E Erasmus
AIM: The aims of this study were: (1) to determine the incidence and nature of adverse effects on oral motor function after first injections of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) in submandibular glands for excessive drooling in children with central nervous system disorders; and (2) to identify independent predictors of these adverse effects. METHOD: A cohort study involved 209 children (123 males, 86 females, aged 4-27y, median 8y 4mo), who received submandibular BoNT-A injections for drooling...
November 30, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900180/pursuit-of-performance-excellence-a-population-study-of-norwegian-adolescent-female-cross-country-skiers-and-biathletes-with-disordered-eating
#10
Ingvild Pettersen, Erik Hernæs, Finn Skårderud
AIM: To examine the prevalence of disordered eating (DE) among the total population of Norwegian female cross-country skiers and biathletes at the junior level, and to determine whether sociodemographic characteristics predict DE among athletes. METHODS: A cross-sectional population study of Norwegian female junior cross-country skiers and biathletes (n=262), with a response rate of 86%. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses explored the prevalence of DE and its relation to sports, competitive age groups, competitive status and education...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899295/prevalence-and-correlates-of-binge-eating-disorder-related-features-in-the-community
#11
Linda Mustelin, Cynthia M Bulik, Jaakko Kaprio, Anna Keski-Rahkonen
Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with high levels of obesity and psychological suffering, but little is known about 1) the distribution of features of BED in the general population and 2) their consequences for weight development and psychological distress in young adulthood. We investigated the prevalence of features of BED and their association with body mass index (BMI) and psychological distress among men (n = 2423) and women (n = 2825) from the longitudinal community-based FinnTwin16 cohort (born 1975-1979)...
November 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899001/drug-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Greg Atkinson, Bernd Richter, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Louise Baur, Nicholas Finer, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of drug interventions for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed (subsets not available on Ovid), LILACS as well as the trial registers ICTRP (WHO) and ClinicalTrials.gov. Searches were undertaken from inception to March 2016...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897463/a-qualitative-analysis-of-factors-related-to-eating-disorder-onset-in-female-collegiate-athletes-and-non-athletes
#13
Jessyca Arthur-Cameselle, Kayla Sossin, Paula Quatromoni
Female athletes are at risk for clinical eating disorders, yet their onset experiences have rarely been studied with qualitative methods. This study, which included interviews with 12 collegiate female athletes and 17 non-athletes, identified factors that contributed to eating disorder onset for both subgroups. Inductive content analysis revealed that low self-worth, peer issues, and comorbid psychological disorders were common in both groups. However, athletes reported sport-specific factors including performance pressure, team weigh-ins, and injuries, whereas family dysfunction, bullying, and puberty were more commonly reported triggers for non-athletes...
November 29, 2016: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895912/the-measurement-of-media-literacy-in-eating-disorder-risk-factor-research-psychometric-properties-of-six-measures
#14
Siân A McLean, Susan J Paxton, Eleanor H Wertheim
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of media literacy-based interventions for the prevention of eating disorder risk is limited by the lack of appropriate measures with established psychometric properties with which to assess change in media literacy. This study aims to fill this gap by examining the psychometric properties and use in eating disorders risk factor research of six measures of media literacy that assess media processing and critical thinking about general media and critical thinking about appearance-focused media...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894387/-effect-of-hydrocinnamoyl-l-valyl-pyrrolidine-on-healing-quality-of-deep-partial-thickness-scald-wound-in-mice
#15
M L Yang, Y H Li, Q Tan, J T Li, L L Que
Objective: To observe the effect of Toll interleukin-1 recptor homology/BB-loop mimetic hydrocinnamoyl-L-valyl pyrrolidine (AS-1) on the healing quality of deep partial-thickness scald wound in mice. Methods: Forty-two adult C57BL/6 mice were divided into sham injury group (SI), scald group (S), early AS-1 treatment group (EAT), early dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) control group (EDC), late AS-1 treatment group (LAT), late DMSO control group (LDC) according to the random number table, with 7 mice in each group. Mice in group SI were sham injured without other treatment...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894209/the-prevalence-and-risk-indicators-of-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-current-and-former-dutch-elite-athletes
#16
Vincent Gouttebarge, Ruud Jonkers, Maarten Moen, Evert Verhagen, Paul Wylleman, Gino Kerkhoffs
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and comorbidity of symptoms of common mental disorders (distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, eating disorders, adverse alcohol use) among current and former Dutch elite athletes, and to explore the inference between potential risk indicators (severe injury, surgery, life events, sport career dissatisfaction, social support) and the outcomes measures under investigation. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted on baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study among 203 current and 282 former elite Dutch athletes (response rate: 28% among current athletes and 95% among former athletes)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893220/is-body-dissatisfaction-changing-across-time-a-cross-temporal-meta-analysis
#17
Bryan T Karazsia, Sarah K Murnen, Tracy L Tylka
It remains unclear whether body dissatisfaction, a widely recognized predictor of eating-related pathologies and depressive symptomatology, is consistent across cohorts and time. This question is important to investigate because dominant theories propose that sociocultural influences, which may fluctuate, play an important role in the development of body dissatisfaction. Previous efforts for tracking body dissatisfaction across cohorts and time are limited by relying on data from a single institution or using assessments that lack psychometric support across genders...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891714/altered-serum-level-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-and-its-association-with-decision-making-in-eating-disorders
#18
Junko Matsumoto, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Kenji Hashimoto, Tamaki Ishima, Nobuhisa Kanahara, Tomihisa Niitsu, Akihiro Shiina, Tasuku Hashimoto, Yasunori Sato, Koutaro Yokote, Shunichi Murano, Hiroshi Kimura, Yutaka Hosoda, Eiji Shimizu, Masaomi Iyo, Michiko Nakazato
AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine whether the serum levels of precursor brain-derived neurotrophic factor (proBDNF), mature BDNF (mBDNF), and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) are altered in patients with eating disorders (EDs) including anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), and to explore whether those levels are associated with decision-making abilities. METHODS: Nineteen women with AN, 28 women with BN, and 22 age-matched healthy women (HC) were enrolled in the current study...
November 28, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891176/a-series-of-patients-with-purging-type-anorexia-nervosa-who-do-tube-vomiting
#19
Takeshi Horie, Saki Harashima, Ryo Yoneda, Maiko Hiraide, Shuji Inada, Makoto Otani, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
BACKGROUND: It is important for clinicians to assess their patients' purging behavior. Various methods of purging, such as self-induced vomiting are well-known. Because patients do not always report their purging behavior, knowing the clinical signs that indicate the behavior is useful. However, we have experienced patients who did not have the reported physical signs of self-induced vomiting because they used hoses instead of their fingers to purge their stomach contents, which they call "tube vomiting"...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891104/hoarding-symptoms-are-not-exclusive-to-hoarders
#20
Caterina Novara, Gioia Bottesi, Stella Dorz, Ezio Sanavio
Hoarding disorder (HD) was originally conceptualized as a subcategory of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and numerous studies have in fact focused exclusively on investigating the comorbidity between OCD and HD. Hoarding behavior can nevertheless also be found in other clinical populations and in particular in patients with eating disorders (ED), anxiety disorders (AD), major depression (MD), and psychotic disorders (PD). The current study was carried out with the aim of investigating, using a validated instrument such as the Saving Inventory-Revised (SI-R), the presence of HD symptoms in patients diagnosed with ED, AD, MD, and PD...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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