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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212499/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-dsm-5-yale-food-addiction-scale-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#1
Paul Brunault, Robert Courtois, Ashley N Gearhardt, Philippe Gaillard, Kevin Journiac, Sarah Cathelain, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
OBJECTIVE: The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the only questionnaire that assesses food addiction (FA) based on substance dependence criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Following recent updating of addiction criteria, a new DSM-5 version (YFAS 2.0) has been developed. Our study tested the psychometric properties of the French YFAS 2.0 in a nonclinical population. METHOD: We assessed 330 nonclinical participants for FA (French YFAS 2...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211586/social-cognition-and-emotional-functioning-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#2
Matteo Aloi, Marianna Rania, Mariarita Caroleo, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-García
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the theory of mind ability in a sample of obese patients with and without binge eating disorder (BED) and to explore the correlations between emotional and clinical assessments. METHODS: Overall, 20 non-BED, 16 under-threshold BED and 22 BED obese patients completed a battery of tests assessing social cognition and eating disorder psychopathology. RESULTS: Binge eating disorder, non-BED and under-threshold-BED obese patients showed similar ability to recognise others' emotions, but BED obese patients exhibited a deficit in recognising their own emotions as demonstrated by more impaired levels of alexithymia and interoceptive awareness and were more depressed...
February 17, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211551/eating-habits-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-recurrent-depressive-disorders
#3
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Urszula Cwalina, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the research was to assess the fatty acid content and atherogenicity of daily food rations in patients with recurrent depressive disorders in the aspect of risk of developing cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The study included 126 persons (62 persons with diagnosed recurrent depressive disorders and 64 healthy volunteers). A 24-hour recall was used in the quantitative assessment of the diet. Anthropometric and chemical measurements as well as body composition analysis were used to assess the nutritional status...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208851/2d-4d-ratio-and-its-implications-in-medicine
#4
Saravanakumar Jeevanandam, Prathibha K Muthu
Digit ratios, especially 2D:4D ratio, a potential proxy marker for prenatal androgen exposure shows sexual dimorphism. Existing literature and recent research show accumulating evidence on 2D:4D ratio showing correlations with various phenotypic traits in humans. Ratio of 2D:4D is found to correlate negatively to testosterone and positively to oestrogen in the foetus. Interestingly, it is constant since birth and not influenced by the adult hormone levels. Usually, males have lower ratios when compared to females...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207753/analysis-of-diagnoses-extracted-from-electronic-health-records-in-a-large-mental-health-case-register
#5
Yevgeniya Kovalchuk, Robert Stewart, Matthew Broadbent, Tim J P Hubbard, Richard J B Dobson
The UK government has recently recognised the need to improve mental health services in the country. Electronic health records provide a rich source of patient data which could help policymakers to better understand needs of the service users. The main objective of this study is to unveil statistics of diagnoses recorded in the Case Register of the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, one of the largest mental health providers in the UK and Europe serving a source population of over 1.2 million people residing in south London...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205275/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-youth-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-children-with-overweight-or-obesity
#6
Andrea E Kass, Kelly Theim Hurst, Rachel P Kolko, Elizabeth B Ruzicka, Richard I Stein, Brian E Saelens, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Kenneth B Schechtman, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Youth Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (YEDE-Q) and its utility for detecting loss of control (LOC) eating (i.e., eating episodes, regardless of size, involving a perceived inability to control what or how much one is eating) among school-age children with overweight or obesity. Identifying eating pathology, particularly LOC eating, in this population may facilitate treatment that improves weight outcomes and reduces eating disorder risk. Children with overweight or obesity (N = 241; 7-11 years) completed the YEDE-Q and abbreviated Child EDE (ChEDE) to assess LOC eating, prior to entering a weight management treatment trial...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199910/subthreshold-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-adolescents-prevalence-and-impact
#7
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The aim of the current study was to establish the prevalence of subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (subthreshold-BDD) in a community sample of adolescents, and to compare disorder correlates in individuals with subthreshold-BDD to those with probable full-syndrome BDD (probable-BDD) and those without BDD (non-BDD). Self-report questionnaires assessing DSM-IV BDD criteria, past mental health service use, and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder, anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders, were completed by 3149 Australian high school students (mean age =14...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199037/stability-and-change-in-patterns-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#8
Carolyn M Pearson, Jonathan Miller, Diann M Ackard, Katie A Loth, Melanie M Wall, Ann F Haynos, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Using a community adolescent sample, we aimed to (a) empirically derive eating disorder (ED) symptom groups, (b) examine the longitudinal stability of those groups over 10 years, and (c) identify risk factors associated with ED group stability and transition through young adulthood. Young people (N = 2,287) from the Project EAT cohort participated at baseline (1998-1999) and at 10-year follow-up (2008-2009). Participants completed anthropometric measures at baseline and self-report surveys on disordered eating symptoms and risk factors at both time points...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199032/a-comparison-of-the-frequency-of-familial-suicide-attempts-across-eating-disorder-diagnoses
#9
Emily M Pisetsky, Carol B Peterson, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Daniel Le Grange, Laura Hill, Pauline Powers, Scott J Crow
This study examined the prevalence of reported suicide attempts among family members of individuals with an eating disorder (ED). 1870 individuals presenting for ED treatment reported whether their family members ever made a suicide attempt using the Eating Disorders Questionnaire. A lifetime suicide attempt by any family member was reported by 10.8% (n = 202) of the sample and ranged from 7.0% of those with eating disorder not otherwise specified to 16.1% of those with purging disorder. Controlling for age and gender, individuals with bulimia nervosa had a higher prevalence of any familial suicide attempt and mother suicide attempt than individuals with EDNOS; no other differences were observed across ED diagnoses...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199028/social-support-satisfaction-in-adults-with-eating-disorders-does-stance-matter
#10
Josie Geller, Megumi Iyar, Suja Srikameswaran, Joanna Zelichowska, Erin C Dunn
Although the role of social support is clearly established in the recovery of youth with eating disorders, little is known about factors that contribute to support satisfaction and improved treatment outcome in adults. This study examined the contribution of patient factors and perceived support stance used by family and friends in determining social support satisfaction. Individuals meeting DSM-IV criteria for an eating disorder (n = 182) completed measures of eating disorder and psychiatric severity, interpersonal functioning, perceived support stance used by family and friends, and social support satisfaction...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197748/a-pilot-study-on-the-effects-of-slow-paced-breathing-on-current-food-craving
#11
Adrian Meule, Andrea Kübler
Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRV-BF) involves slow paced breathing (approximately six breaths per minute), thereby maximizing low-frequent heart rate oscillations and baroreflex gain. Mounting evidence suggests that HRV-BF promotes symptom reductions in a variety of physical and mental disorders. It may also positively affect eating behavior by reducing food cravings. The aim of the current study was to investigate if slow paced breathing can be useful for attenuating momentary food craving. Female students performed paced breathing either at six breaths per minute (n = 32) or at nine breaths per minute (n = 33) while watching their favorite food on the computer screen...
February 14, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196789/the-relationship-of-disordered-eating-attitudes-with-stress-level-bone-turnover-markers-and-bone-mineral-density-in-obese-adolescents
#12
Aslı Okbay Güneş, Müjgan Alikaşifoğlu, Ezgi Şen Demirdöğen, Ethem Erginöz, Türkay Demir, Mine Kucur, Oya Ercan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of stress caused by disordered eating attitudes on bone health in obese adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study comprising 80 obese adolescents was performed from November 2013 to September 2014. Twenty-four-hour urinary free cortisol levels were measured as a biological marker of stress. Bone turnover was evaluated using bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, serum osteocalcin, and urinary N-telopeptide measurements. Bone mineral density was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195838/the-use-of-zonisamide-for-the-treatment-of-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review
#13
Massimiliano Buoli, Silvia Grassi, Valentina Ciappolino, Marta Serati, Alfredo C Altamura
OBJECTIVE: Traditional pharmacotherapy has undoubtedly improved the outcome of patients with psychiatric disorders, but partial efficacy or poor tolerability persists in a number of these subjects. Among different compounds, zonisamide has been used to address unmet needs of standard pharmacotherapy. The purpose of the present article is to provide a review about the use of zonisamide for the treatment of psychiatric conditions. METHODS: A research in the main database sources has been conducted to obtain an overview of the use of zonisamide in psychiatric disorders or associated conditions (obesity and smoking cessation)...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194549/reconsidering-emotion-dysregulation
#14
REVIEW
Alessandra D'Agostino, Serena Covanti, Mario Rossi Monti, Vladan Starcevic
This article aims to review the concept of emotion dysregulation, focusing on issues related to its definition, meanings and role in psychiatric disorders. Articles on emotion dysregulation published until May 2016 were identified through electronic database searches. Although there is no agreement about the definition of emotion dysregulation, the following five overlapping, not mutually exclusive dimensions of emotion dysregulation were identified: decreased emotional awareness, inadequate emotional reactivity, intense experience and expression of emotions, emotional rigidity and cognitive reappraisal difficulty...
February 14, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194203/behavioral-activation-and-inhibition-system-s-role-in-predicting-addictive-behaviors-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-of-roozbeh-psychiatric-hospital
#15
Moslem Abbasi, Hasan Sadeghi, Zabih Pirani, Leyla Vatandoust
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, prevalence of addictive behaviors among bipolar patients is considered to be a serious health threat by the World Health Organization. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of behavioral activation and inhibition systems in predicting addictive behaviors of male patients with bipolar disorder at the Roozbeh Psychiatric Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research method used in this study is correlation. The study population consisted of 80 male patients with bipolar disorder referring to the psychiatrics clinics of Tehran city in 2014 who were referred to the Roozbeh Psychiatric Hospital...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193620/fifteen-minute-consultation-a-structured-approach-to-the-management-of-children-and-adolescents-with-medically-unstable-anorexia-nervosa
#16
Elizabeth Allison, Nicola Dawson, Jane Phillips, Catherine Lynch, Jacinta Coleman
Assessing and managing children who are underweight is an integral part of paediatric practice. Young people with anorexia nervosa (AN) are mainly cared for in the community by specialist eating disorder services. However, increasing numbers require admission to paediatric wards with medical instability due to the complications of starvation. Despite recommendations published in the junior MARSIPAN report in 2012, many paediatricians still feel poorly equipped to care for these high-risk patients. This article aims to provide a safe and structured approach to the assessment and management of children and adolescents with medically unstable AN...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188643/will-i-get-fat-22-year-weight-trajectories-of-individuals-with-eating-disorders
#17
Helen B Murray, Nassim Tabri, Jennifer J Thomas, David B Herzog, Debra L Franko, Kamryn T Eddy
OBJECTIVE: For some, fat phobia or fear of uncontrollable weight gain is diagnostic of eating disorders, often inhibiting treatment engagement and predicting symptom relapse. Prior research has reported weight changes at infrequent or long intervals, but rate, shape, and magnitude of long-term changes remain unknown. Our study examined 22-year longitudinal trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in women with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). METHOD: Participants were followed over 10 years (N = 225) and at 22-year follow-up (N = 175)...
February 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186654/weight-gain-trajectories-in-hospital-based-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Saniha H Makhzoumi, Janelle W Coughlin, Colleen C Schreyer, Graham W Redgrave, Steven C Pitts, Angela S Guarda
Weight gain is a primary treatment goal for anorexia nervosa (AN); however little is known about heterogeneity in weight gain pattern during treatment. Preliminary evidence suggests weight gain trajectory is associated with treatment outcome. This study grouped patients using mixture modeling into weight gain trajectories, and compared predictors and treatment outcomes between trajectory groups. Women diagnosed with AN or subthreshold AN (N = 211) completed self-report measures at admission and six-months after discharge from an integrated inpatient (IP)-partial hospitalization (PH) behavioral specialty eating disorders program...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186381/psychiatric-and-psychological-aspects-in-the-ehlers-danlos-syndromes
#19
Antonio Bulbena, Carolina Baeza-Velasco, Andrea Bulbena-Cabré, Guillem Pailhez, Hugo Critchley, Pradeep Chopra, Nuria Mallorquí-Bagué, Charissa Frank, Stephen Porges
There is increasing amount of evidence pointing toward a high prevalence of psychiatric conditions among individuals with hypermobile type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (JHS/hEDS). A literature review confirms a strong association between anxiety disorders and JHSh/hEDS, and there is also limited but growing evidence that JHSh/hEDS is also associated with depression, eating, and neuro-developmental disorders as well as alcohol and tobacco misuse. The underlying mechanisms behind this association include genetic risks, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, increased exteroceptive and interoceptive mechanisms and decreased proprioception...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186317/diagnostic-distribution-of-eating-disorders-comparison-between-dsmiv-tr-and-dsm-5
#20
Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Laura Cañas, Xavier Carbonell, Marta Carulla, Carolina Palma, Josep Matalí, Montse Dolz
INTRODUCTION: The fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) includes a significant revision of Eating Disorders (ED). The objective of this study is to compare the distribution of diagnosis of ED in adolescents according to DSM-VI-TR and DSM-5 criteria. A second objective is to study the psychopathological differences between patients with ED (based on DSM-IV-TR) and those whose diagnosis changed by applying DSM-5 criteria. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and one adolescents diagnosed with ED (mean: 14...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
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