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Pediatric sports medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023277/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-slipping-rib-syndrome
#1
Cassidy M Foley, Dai Sugimoto, David P Mooney, William P Meehan, Andrea Stracciolini
OBJECTIVE: (1) To investigate the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of slipping rib syndrome in athletes; (2) to investigate the hooking maneuver for diagnosis of slipping rib syndrome. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of 362 athletes with rib pain. SETTING: Pediatric-based sports medicine clinic between January 1, 1999, and March 1, 2014. PATIENTS: Costochondritis, Tietze, fractures, rib tip syndrome, and unclear diagnoses were excluded...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841573/pediatric-providers-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-concussion-diagnosis-and-management
#2
Khalida Itriyeva, Ronald Feinstein, Linda Carmine
Background Concussions, a form of mild traumatic brain injury, are a current "hot topic" in sports and medicine, with current research focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and the long-term effects of repeated concussions on development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Concussions represent 8.9% of all high school athletic injuries, and pediatricians see many of these patients in their practices, however evolving guidelines and recommendations have resulted in varying practices among providers. Objective To assess how local pediatricians in New York Chapter 2 of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) diagnose and treat concussion patients, and to evaluate the need for continuing education in this area...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840149/bony-morphology-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-young-female-dancers-and-single-sport-athletes
#3
Joana L Fraser, Dai Sugimoto, Yi-Men Beng, Pierre D'Hemecourt, Andrea Stracciolini
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a painful and limiting condition of the hip that is often seen in young athletes. Previous studies have reported a higher prevalence of this disorder in male athletes, but data on the structural morphology of adolescent and young adult female athletes, specifically those involved in dance, are lacking. PURPOSE: (1) To investigate the radiographic morphology of FAI deformities in adolescent and young adult female single-sport dance and nondance athletes and (2) to examine the differences in the radiographic findings between these 2 groups...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577782/orthobiologics-in-pediatric-sports-medicine
#4
REVIEW
Christopher C Bray, Clark M Walker, David D Spence
Orthobiologics are biological substances that allow injured muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bone to heal more quickly. They are found naturally in the body; at higher concentrations they can aid in the healing process. These substances include autograft bone, allograft bone, demineralized bone matrix, bone morphogenic proteins, growth factors, stem cells, plasma-rich protein, and ceramic grafts. Their use in sports medicine has exploded in efforts to increase graft incorporation, stimulate healing, and get athletes back to sport with problems including anterior cruciate ligament ruptures, tendon ruptures, cartilage injuries, and fractures...
July 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530851/chondral-injuries-and-irreparable-meniscal-tears-among-adolescents-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-or-meniscal-tears-are-more-common-in-patients-with-public-insurance
#5
Ariel A Williams, Nickolas S Mancini, Matthew J Solomito, Carl W Nissen, Matthew D Milewski
BACKGROUND: Access to health care services is a critical component of health care reform and may differ among patients with different types of insurance. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to compare adolescents with private and public insurance undergoing surgery for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and/or meniscal tears. We hypothesized that patients with public insurance would have a delayed presentation from the time of injury and therefore would have a higher incidence of chondral injuries and irreparable meniscal tears and lower preoperative International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores than patients with private insurance...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504570/saliva-a-reliable-sample-matrix-in-bioanalytics
#6
REVIEW
Michael Gröschl
Saliva is gaining increasing attention as a bioanalytical sample matrix. Mostly because of the easy and noninvasive collection, it is not only beneficial in endocrinological and behavioral science, but also in pediatrics. Saliva also has the advantage of being the only body fluid which can be collected even during physical exercise, for example, during sportive activities, and there are physiological characteristics that make it superior to serum/plasma or urine for specific scientific questions. This review provides an insight into the physiology of saliva formation, explaining how certain compounds enter this bodily fluid, and gives advice for collection, storage and analytical methods...
April 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498229/not-missing-the-future-a-call-to-action-for-investigating-the-role-of-regenerative-medicine-therapies-in-pediatric-adolescent-sports-injuries
#7
Thomas M Best, Arnold Caplan, Michael Coleman, Laurie Goodrich, Jason Hurd, Lee D Kaplan, Ben Noonan, Philip Schoettle, Christopher Scott, Henry Stiene, Johnny Huard
In August 2016, a group including sport medicine clinicians, researchers, and a bioethicist met in Vail, Colorado to discuss regenerative medicine and its potential role in youth sports injuries. There was consensus that a call to action is urgently needed to understand the current evidence base, the risks and rewards, and future directions of research and clinical practice for regenerative medicine therapies in youth sports. We present here a summary of our meeting, which was supported by the National Youth Sports Health and Safety Institute (NYSHSI), a partnership between the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and Sanford Health...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417851/nuclear-medicine-techniques-in-pediatric-bone-imaging
#8
REVIEW
Laura A Drubach
An important mandate when imaging pediatric patients is the reduction of radiation exposure to the lowest possible level consistent with good quality diagnostic imaging, so individual selection of radiopharmaceutical dosage and imaging technique is essential. Although the logistics of image acquisition and the approach to interpretation mirror the more common use in adults, the challenges of imaging young children typically require greater attention to patient preparation, positioning, and supervision during imaging, with the use of parental or family engagement in the procedure, gentle restraint, and occasionally the need for sedation...
May 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238481/attitudes-and-counseling-practices-of-pediatricians-regarding-youth-sports-participation-and-concussion-risks
#9
Michael Fishman, Eleanor Taranto, Meryl Perlman, Kyran Quinlan, Holly J Benjamin, Lainie Friedman Ross
OBJECTIVE: To examine attitudes and practices of pediatricians toward sports-related head trauma and youth participation in tackle football and ice hockey. STUDY DESIGN: A respondent-anonymous electronic survey was distributed 3 times to members of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section of Bioethics, Council on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention, and Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness. RESULTS: Of 791 eligible pediatricians, 227 (29%) responded...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194708/editorial-comment-symposium-the-3rd-annual-meeting-of-pediatric-research-in-sports-medicine-prism
#10
EDITORIAL
Matthew D Milewski, Hank G Chambers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165873/overuse-physeal-injuries-in-youth-athletes
#11
REVIEW
Amanda Arnold, Charles A Thigpen, Paul F Beattie, Michael J Kissenberth, Ellen Shanley
CONTEXT: Despite rising awareness of the risks associated with sports participation, overuse injuries continue to increase in youth athlete populations. Physeal injuries are one type of overuse injury exclusive to pediatric populations that are often sustained during athletic practice or competition. Overuse physeal injuries are, in theory, preventable; however, little consensus has been reached surrounding the risk factors, prevention, and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review summarizes the best available evidence concerning overuse physeal injuries in youth and adolescent athletes...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973405/chronic-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-primary-pain-disorders-in-head-abdomen-muscles-and-joints
#12
REVIEW
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, James Giordano, Kavita Desai Dakoji, Andrew Warmuth, Cyndee Daughtry, Craig A Schulz
Primary pain disorders (formerly "functional pain syndromes") are common, under-diagnosed and under-treated in children and teenagers. This manuscript reviews key aspects which support understanding the development of pediatric chronic pain, points to the current pediatric chronic pain terminology, addresses effective treatment strategies, and discusses the evidence-based use of pharmacology. Common symptoms of an underlying pain vulnerability present in the three most common chronic pain disorders in pediatrics: primary headaches, centrally mediated abdominal pain syndromes, and/or chronic/recurrent musculoskeletal and joint pain...
December 10, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940732/youth-participation-and-injury-risk-in-martial-arts
#13
REVIEW
Rebecca A Demorest, Chris Koutures
The martial arts can provide children and adolescents with vigorous levels of physical exercise that can improve overall physical fitness. The various types of martial arts encompass noncontact basic forms and techniques that may have a lower relative risk of injury. Contact-based sparring with competitive training and bouts have a higher risk of injury. This clinical report describes important techniques and movement patterns in several types of martial arts and reviews frequently reported injuries encountered in each discipline, with focused discussions of higher risk activities...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930278/for-love-not-money-the-financial-implications-of-surgical-fellowship-training
#14
Paul M Inclan, Adam S Hyde, Michael Hulme, Jeffrey E Carter
Surgical residents cite increased income potential as a motivation for pursuing fellowship training, despite little evidence supporting this perception. Thus, our goal is to quantify the financial impact of surgical fellowship training on financial career value. By using Medical Group Management Association and Association of American Medical Colleges physician income data, and accounting for resident salary, student debt, a progressive tax structure, and forgone wages associated with prolonged training, we generated a net present value (NPV) for both generalist and subspecialist surgeons...
September 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908650/musculoskeletal-conditions-in-a-pediatric-population-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#15
Courtney M Stern, Michael J Pepin, Joan M Stoler, Dennis E Kramer, Samantha A Spencer, Cynthia J Stein
OBJECTIVE: To describe musculoskeletal conditions in children with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective medical record review was performed, which evaluated 205 patients with EDS (ages 6-19 years) seen in sports medicine or orthopedic clinic at a large pediatric hospital over a 5-year period. RESULTS: Female (n = 147) and male (n = 57) patients were identified (mean age 12.7 years). The most common EDS subtype (55...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811516/ankle-injuries-in-the-pediatric-athlete
#17
John B Erickson, Walter P Samora, Kevin E Klingele
Foot and ankle injuries are the second most common reason for young athletes to present to a primary care physician, and account for up to 30% of visits to sports medicine clinics in this population. Heightened performance expectations placed on today's young athletes have led to intense training and competition demands. With increasing rates of sport participation among children and adolescents, it is important for treating physicians to have an understanding of the evaluation and management of ankle injuries seen in the pediatric athlete...
December 2016: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783572/the-reliability-and-validity-of-a-pediatric-back-outcome-measure
#18
James P MacDonald, Pierre A dʼHemecourt, Lyle J Micheli
OBJECTIVE: Young athletes not uncommonly complain of back pain. Many patient-reported outcome measures are used to evaluate back pain, but none have been designed specifically to assess young, athletic patients. The Micheli Functional Scale (MFS) was developed to measure impairment due to back pain in this population. This study examined the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the MFS used in routine clinical assessments. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort Study...
November 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573090/sports-specialization-and-intensive-training-in-young-athletes
#19
Joel S Brenner
Sports specialization is becoming the norm in youth sports for a variety of reasons. When sports specialization occurs too early, detrimental effects may occur, both physically and psychologically. If the timing is correct and sports specialization is performed under the correct conditions, the athlete may be successful in reaching specific goals. Young athletes who train intensively, whether specialized or not, can also be at risk of adverse effects on the mind and body. The purpose of this clinical report is to assist pediatricians in counseling their young athlete patients and their parents regarding sports specialization and intensive training...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528833/content-and-accessibility-of-shoulder-and-elbow-fellowship-web-sites-in-the-united-states
#20
Bradley L Young, Lasun O Oladeji, Kyle Cichos, Brent Ponce
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of training physicians are using the Internet to gather information about graduate medical education programs. The content and accessibility of web sites that provide this information have been demonstrated to influence applicants' decisions. Assessments of orthopedic fellowship web sites including sports medicine, pediatrics, hand and spine have found varying degrees of accessibility and material. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accessibility and content of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) fellowship web sites (SEFWs)...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
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