keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric deformity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214110/pediatric-echocardiographic-nomograms-what-has-been-done-and-what-still-needs-to-be-done
#1
REVIEW
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Shelby Kutty, Eliana Franchi, Marco Paterni, Marco Scalese, Giorgio Iervasi, Martin Koestenberger
Nomograms are essential tools for quantification in pediatric echocardiography. In the last few years, multiple sources highlight that nomograms employed for decades presented significant numerical and methodological limitations. As a result, widely different ranges of normality were generated, thus creating confusion in estimation of several cardiac diseases. New nomograms have recently been generated, overcoming some of the gaps of previous research: wider sample sizes (including neonates/infants), solid statistical/methodological plan, and availability of new data (chamber dimensions, many functional parameters)...
January 19, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208961/fracture-supracondylar-humerus-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Vineet Kumar, Ajai Singh
Fracture supracondylar humerus is one of the most common fractures encountered in pediatric age group at all levels (both rural and urban). Thus it needs a special review in its management protocol as per the changing trend. Modified Gartland classification is the most accepted classification and has its importance in decision making regarding management and prognosis. Neurovascular complications are mostly associated with Type III A, III B and Type IV variety and they most of the time need surgical intervention for stabilization, exploration of brachial artery, sometimes median nerve exploration and reduction of fracture...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197752/surgical-dislocation-for-pediatric-and-adolescent-hip-deformity-clinical-and-radiographical-results-at-3%C3%A2-years-follow-up
#3
Nicola Guindani, Oliver Eberhardt, Thomas Wirth, Michele F Surace, Francisco F Fernandez
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical, radiographic short-term results and complications after surgical hip dislocation in young patients (≤18 years). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and radiographic outcomes were assessed in patients who underwent a surgical hip dislocation Ganz-type approach between 2008 and 2012. Diagnosis included Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, femoroacetabular impingement, osteonecrosis of the femoral head, multiple hereditary exostoses and pigmented villonodular synovitis...
February 14, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192267/posterior-only-vertebral-column-resection-for-the-treatment-of-severe-spinal-deformities-in-pediatric-patients-a-retrospective-case-series
#4
Malte Schroeder, Lennart Viezens, Philip Kunkel, Karsten Ridderbusch, Tim Nicolas Hissnauer, Oliver Dirk Jungesblut, Michael Hoffmann, Johannes Maria Rueger, Ralf Stuecker
OBJECTIVE: The treatment of severe spinal deformities in pediatric patients is very challenging. Posterior only vertebral column resection (PVCR) allows for correcting of severe deformities of the vertebral column via a posterior only procedure. We analyzed radiological outcome of PVCR performed on a series of pediatric patients with severe congenital and acquired spinal deformities. METHODS: A case series of eleven pediatric patients with severe spinal deformity who were treated by PVCR between 2009 and 2013 were retrospectively analyzed...
February 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186860/traumatic-rib-injury-patterns-imaging-pitfalls-complications-and-treatment
#5
Brett S Talbot, Christopher P Gange, Apeksha Chaturvedi, Nina Klionsky, Susan K Hobbs, Abhishek Chaturvedi
The ribs are frequently affected by blunt or penetrating injury to the thorax. In the emergency department setting, it is vital for the interpreting radiologist to not only identify the presence of rib injuries but also alert the clinician about organ-specific injury, specific traumatic patterns, and acute rib trauma complications that require emergent attention. Rib injuries can be separated into specific morphologic fracture patterns that include stress, buckle, nondisplaced, displaced, segmental, and pathologic fractures...
February 10, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186477/bilateral-sagittal-split-mandibular-osteotomies-for-enhanced-exposure-of-the-anterior-cervical-spine-in-children-technical-note
#6
Michael Karsy, Neal Moores, Faizi Siddiqi, Douglas L Brockmeyer, Robert J Bollo
The bilateral sagittal split mandibular osteotomy (BSSMO), a common maxillofacial technique for expanding the oropharynx during treatment of micrognathia, is a rarely employed but useful adjunct to improve surgical access to the ventral cervical spine in children. Specifically, it provides enhanced exposure of the craniocervical junction in the context of midface hypoplasia, and of the subaxial cervical spine in children with severe kyphosis. The authors describe their technique for BSSMO and evaluate long-term outcomes in patients...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185981/analysis-of-the-s2-alar-iliac-screw-as-compared-to-the-traditional-iliac-screw-does-it-increase-stability-with-sacroiliac-fixation-of-the-spine
#7
Daniel G Hoernschemeyer, Troy D Pashuck, Ferris M Pfeifer
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Arthrodesis of the lumbosacral junction continues to be a challenge in pediatric and adult spinal deformity surgery. PURPOSE: To evaluate the biomechanical rigidity of two types of lumbosacral fixation. Our hypothesis was that the use of S2 alar-iliac (S2AI) fixation will result in statistically similar biomechanical fixation as compared to use of an iliac screw with a 95% confidence interval. STUDY SETTING: controlled biomechanical laboratory METHODS: Ten human cadaveric lumbosacral specimens were separated into two test groups including 1) S2AI (n=5) and 2) iliac screw (n=5)...
February 6, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178093/management-of-clubfoot-relapses-with-the-ponseti-method-results-of-a-survey-of-the-posna-members
#8
Pooya Hosseinzadeh, Gary M Kiebzak, Lori Dolan, Lewis E Zionts, Jose Morcuende
BACKGROUND: Despite the high rate of initial success using the Ponseti method to manage idiopathic clubfoot deformity, relapse continues to be a problem. We surveyed the Pediatric Orthopedic Society of North America (POSNA) members about their experience with relapsed deformity following the initial correction of clubfeet. METHODS: We created a survey to focus on the management of clubfeet after initial correction of deformity. The survey included questions on postcorrective bracing, clinical findings used to identify relapse, the observed frequency of relapsed deformity, and how relapses are managed...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169956/thoracic-spine-growth-re-visited-how-accurate-is-the-dimeglio-data
#9
Ozgur Dede, Kadir Büyükdoğan, Halil Gökhan Demirkran, Erhan Akpnar
STUDY DESIGN: Cross Sectional Descriptive Study OBJECTIVE.: To describe the normal rate pattern of thoracic spine growth in children without any spinal deformity. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The knowledge of thoracic spine growth and height is important for growing spine treatment and the decision of final fusion. Currently pediatric spinal deformity is approached as early onset and late onset with an understanding of the fast growth during the first five years of life...
February 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161809/alteration-of-cardiac-deformation-in-acute-rejection-in-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipients
#10
Nitin Chanana, Charlotte S Van Dorn, Melanie D Everitt, Hsin Yi Weng, Dylan V Miller, Shaji C Menon
The objective of this study is to assess changes in cardiac deformation during acute cellular- and antibody-mediated rejection in pediatric HT recipients. Pediatric HT recipients aged ≤18 years with at least one episode of biopsy-diagnosed rejection from 2006 to 2013 were included. Left ventricular systolic S (SS) and SR (SSr) data were acquired using 2D speckle tracking on echocardiograms obtained within 12 h of right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy. A mixed effect model was used to compare cardiac deformation during CR (Grade ≥ 1R), AMR (pAMR ≥ 2), and mixed rejection (CR and AMR positive) versus no rejection (Grade 0R and pAMR 0 or 1)...
February 4, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145932/a-surgical-technique-for-management-of-the-metopic-suture-in-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#11
Jose Rolando Prada-Madrid, Lina Patricia Franco-Chaparro, Miguel Garcia-Wenninger, Tatiana Palomino-Consuegra, Nora Stanford, Diego Alejandro Castañeda-Hernández
OBJECTIVES: The objective is to describe a new surgical procedure developed in the San Jose Pediatric University Hospital for the management of syndromic synostosis of the metopic suture in a patient clinically diagnosed with Saethre-Chotzen syndrome. METHODS: The diagnosis of Saethre-Chotzen syndrome, bilateral coronal sutures, and metopic suture synostoses was made through photographic, anthropometric, exophthalmometric, and computed tomography analysis. The keel-like frontal bone deformity was corrected following resection using a fusiform osteotomy, remodelling was obtained by milling the edges, and the bony fragments were repositioned and fixed on the posterior wall of the frontal bone...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141690/predicting-late-follow-up-and-understanding-its-consequences-in-growth-modulation-for-pediatric-lower-limb-deformities
#12
Cheryl Lawing, Adam Margalit, Gift Ukwuani, Paul D Sponseller
BACKGROUND: Growth modulation with implants facilitates correction of angular deformities and limb-length discrepancies (LLDs) in children. Close follow-up is necessary when using growth modulation to prevent overcorrection. We examined factors associated with late follow-up and overcorrection rates in patients with late versus timely follow-up. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of growth modulation procedures in children at 1 institution from 2000 through 2014...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125404/bone-mineral-density-and-bone-metabolic-markers-status-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#13
Hatice Gamze Poyrazoğlu, Veysel Nijat Baş, Alev Arslan, Funda Bastug, Mehmet Canpolat, Hüseyin Per, Hakan Gümüs, Sefer Kumandas
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a multisystem disorder characterized by progressive manifestations, which is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. The majority of patients with NF1 experience a diffuse, significant reduction in bone mass over time, with osteoporosis, osteopenia in the absence of severe scoliosis, or gross bone deformities. This study aimed to determine the bone mineral density (BMD) status, evaluate bone metabolism, and to determine the relevant factors in children with NF1...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108423/isolated-transverse-process-fractures-a-systematic-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Daniel T Nagasawa, Timothy T Bui, Carlito Lagman, Seung J Lee, Lawrance K Chung, Tianyi Niu, Alexander Tucker, Bilwaj Gaonkar, Isaac Yang, Luke Macyszyn
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on isolated transverse process fractures (ITPFs) and provide evidence for and validate the current practice of conservative management. METHODS: The PubMed database was searched for published literature related to ITPFs. Baseline patient (age, sex, presentation, mechanism of injury) and fracture (number of fractures, level, single or multi-segmental) characteristics were extracted. Management, and outcomes were also recorded. Statistical comparisons were ascertained through N-1 Pearson Chi-squared tests...
January 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103933/quantification-of-myocardial-deformation-in-children-by-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-feature-tracking-determination-of-reference-values-for-left-ventricular-strain-and-strain-rate
#15
Florian André, Daniëlle Robbers-Visser, Astrid Helling-Bakki, Angela Föll, Andreas Voss, Hugo A Katus, Willem A Helbing, Sebastian J Buss, Joachim G Eichhorn
BACKGROUND: The objective assessment of global and regional cardiac function in children has shown to be clinically relevant but is challenging to conduct. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has emerged as a valuable diagnostic modality especially in patients with cardiomyopathy or congenital heart disease. However, data on the normal cardiac deformation in children assessed by CMR is lacking at present. Thus, the aim of this study was to provide reference values for cardiac strain and strain rate in children and adolescents derived from CMR feature tracking (FT) measurements...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089797/distal-femoral-hemiepiphysiodesis-using-screw-and-non-absorbable-filament-for-the-treatment-of-idiopathic-genu-valgum-preliminary-results-of-12-knees
#16
G Martínez, S Drago, C Avilés, A Ibañez, F Hodgson, C Ramírez
INTRODUCTION: Different techniques for gradual correction of angular deformities of lower limbs exist. Screws and nonabsorbable filament has been described as an effective alternative for transitory hemiepiphysiodesis in New Zealand rabbits. HYPOTHESIS: Hemiepiphysiodesis using screws and non-absorbable filament is effective in pediatric population, for correction of genu valgum. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation, 12 knees in 6 patients younger than 15 years (3 female), operated because of genu valgum...
January 9, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070903/myocardial-deformation-in-pediatric-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidoses-a-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-study
#17
Francesco Borgia, Enrica Pezzullo, Vincenzo Schiano Lomoriello, Regina Sorrentino, Francesco Lo Iudice, Sara Cocozza, Roberto Della Casa, Giancarlo Parenti, Pietro Strisciuglio, Bruno Trimarco, Maurizio Galderisi
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are inherited lysosomal storage disorders caused by deficiency of required glycosaminoglycans breakdown enzymes, inducing cardiac involvement. Little is known about myocardial deformation involvement in MPS. Our aim was to assess biventricular structure and function in asymptomatic children with MPS using standard echo Doppler and 2D speckle tracking (STE). METHODS: Fifteen MPS children (one type I, six type II, three type III A, one III B, three IV A, one VI), asymptomatic for cardiac symptoms, and 15 age and sex-matched healthy controls underwent echo Doppler and STE...
January 10, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060179/uniplanar-versus-fixed-pedicle-screws-in-the-correction-of-thoracic-kyphosis-in-the-treatment-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-ais
#18
Siddharth A Badve, Ryan C Goodwin, David Gurd, Thomas Kuivila, Swamy Kurra, William F Lavelle
BACKGROUND: The aim of surgical treatment of scoliosis is to obtain fusion of the spinal column, balanced in the coronal and sagittal planes. Great success has been attained with coronal correction; however, the sagittal profile has received less attention, resulting in little correction of sagittal plane alignment. The purpose of this study was to compare uniplanar and fixed pedicle screws in the correction of the thoracic sagittal alignment in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS)...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050532/foot-and-ankle-fractures-during-childhood-review-of-the-literature-and-scientific-evidence-for-appropriate-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Stefan Rammelt, Alexandre Leme Godoy-Santos, Wolfgang Schneiders, Guido Fitze, Hans Zwipp
Foot and ankle fractures represent 12% of all pediatric fractures. Malleolar fractures are the most frequent injuries of the lower limbs. Hindfoot and midfoot fractures are rare, but inadequate treatment for these fractures may results in compartment syndrome, three-dimensional deformities, avascular necrosis and early post-traumatic arthritis, which have a significant impact on overall foot and ankle function. Therefore, the challenges in treating these injuries in children are to achieve adequate diagnosis and precise treatment, while avoiding complications...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047768/th-ab-207a-06-the-use-of-realistic-phantoms-to-predict-ct-dose-to-pediatric-patients
#20
D Carver, S Kost, P Segars, N Fraser, D Pickens, R Price, M Stabin
PURPOSE: To predict pediatric patient dose from diagnostic CT scans using Monte Carlo simulation of realistic reference phantoms of various ages, weights, and heights. METHODS: A series of deformable pediatric reference phantoms using Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines (NURBS) was developed for a large range of ages, percentiles, and reference anatomy. Individual bones were modeled using age-dependent factors, and red marrow was modeled as functions of age and spatial distribution based on Cristy1...
June 2016: Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
117928
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"