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absence of sternum

Felix K Quist, Roopali Bapat, Helen K Kuch-Kunich, Kanayo Ezeanolue, Saraswati Keeni, Ronald Thomas, Joseph Callaghan, Michael Callaghan, Eugene Cepeda, Nitin S Chouthai
OBJECTIVE: This is a comprehensive study designed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of transcutaneous bilirubinometry (TcB) in very low birth weight (VLBW) newborns of African American (AA) descent. METHODS: TcB was conducted at the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS), temporal region and sternum within 2 h of total serum bilirubin (TSB) measurements in newborns born at ≤32 weeks' gestation prospectively. Average (AVG) TcB levels were also calculated. The relationships between TSB and TcB levels were analyzed using non-parametric Spearman bivariate correlations, a Bland-Altman plot procedure and a decision tree (DT) analysis...
May 24, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Medis Çöllü, Şirin Yüksel, Başak Kumbasar Şirin, Latif Abbasoğlu, Yasemin Alanay
Epispadias and exstrophy of the cloaca, also known as OEIS complex (omphalocele, exstrophy, imperforate anus, spinal defects), respectively constitute the most benign and severe ends of the bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC) spectrum. In 2009, El-Hattab et al. reported the first patient with OEIS complex associated with a chromosome 1p36 deletion. Here we report a second patient with 1p36 deletion who also has classic bladder exstrophy, supporting the possible role of genes in this region in the development of BEEC...
July 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Michael K Cheezum, Christophe E Redon, Allison S Burrell, Anthony S Kaviratne, Jody Bindeman, Daisuke Maeda, Houria Balmakhtar, Ashly Pezel, Piotr Wisniewski, Panfilo Delacruz, Binh Nguyen, William M Bonner, Todd C Villines
Purpose To examine the effect of breast shielding on blood lymphocyte deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) double-strand-break levels resulting from in vivo radiation and ex vivo radiation at breast-tissue level, and the effect of breast shielding on image quality. Materials and Methods The study was approved by institutional review and commpliant with HIPAA guidelines. Adult women who underwent 64-section coronary computed tomographic (CT) angiography and who provided informed consent were prospectively randomized to the use (n = 50) or absence (n = 51) of bismuth breast shields...
October 2016: Radiology
Nora Cabrera, Alejandro Sosa, Marta Telesnicki, Mic Julien
Kuschelina bergi (Harold, 1881) is being studied to be evaluated as a natural enemy of Phyla nodiflora var. minor (Hook.) N. O'Leary & Múlgura (Verbenaceae), an invasive weed in Australia. Eggs, and 1(st) and 3(rd) instar larvae are described and illustrated for the first time. The following characters distinguish Kuschelina bergi: presence of two medial setae in prosternum, mesosternum and metasternum, absence of tubercle on sternum I and eight setae in abdominal segment IX. The 3(rd) instar larvae of Kuschelina bergi resemble Kuschelina gibbitarsa (Say) larvae: the body shape and details of mouthparts are similar, but the morphology of the mandible is different, as is the tarsungulus which has a single seta...
2016: ZooKeys
Mohammed S Hassan, Ashraf M Morgan, Mohey M Mekawy, Amr R Zaki, Zeinab M Ghazi
Eighty pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. They were allotted to four equal groups. The first group served as a control without any treatment while the other groups were given cisplatin, sodium selenate, and cisplatin+sodium selenate, respectively. Cisplatin was injected intraperitoneally in a dose of 5mg/kgb wt. on the 12th day of gestation while sodium selenate was administered orally in a dose of 0.5mg/kgb wt throughout gestation. Animals were sacrificed on the 20th day of gestation for fetal examination...
May 2016: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
Jelena R Ilić Sabo, Tamara J Bošković, Mirjana M Živojinov, Aleksandra M Fejsa Levakov
UNLABELLED: INTRODUCTION. Pentalogy of Cantrell is a very rare congenital multiple malformation with the poor outcome. Syndrome included the following pentad: abdominal wall defect, a defect of the lower sternum, anterior diaphragm defect, ectopia cordis, as well as a variety of intracardiac anomalies. CASE REPORT: In the fifteenth week of the twin pregnancy, ultrasound examination showed multiple anomalies in one, as well as the absence of the nose apex in the other twin...
November 2015: Medicinski Pregled
M A Ali, T Tazmin, T Latif, S A Haque, M A Hossain, M N Islam, R H Khan, M A Hoque
Cantrell's Pentalogy is a rare congenital malformation consists of supraumbilical abdominal wall defect, defect in the lower part of sternum, agenesis of anterior portion of diaphragm, an absence of the diaphragmatic part of the pericardium and intracardiac malformation. This case report presents a female neonate, who was born at 40 weeks of gestation weighing 2400 gm and was admitted 4 hours after delivery with the complaints of something coming out from chest. On physical examination her vital signs were within normal limit, she had a systolic murmur on heart at lower left sternal area and there was a vascular structure present on the upper part of abdomen which was pulsatile and pulsation was synchronized with cardiac pulsation...
January 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Otto E Dapunt, Olev Luha, Adrian Ebner, Piotr Sonecki, Cristiano Spadaccio, Fraser W H Sutherland
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate a novel device system for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) using a unique new less invasive access approach. The hypothesis is that SAVR can be performed through a short transverse incision in the neck, similar to that used for transcervical thymectomy avoiding chest disruption. METHODS: A new device system was developed to provide retraction, step-by-step illumination, and on-screen visualization for the new approach...
March 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Stephanie Grabert, Magdalena Erlebach, Albrecht Will, Rüdiger Lange, Bernhard Voss
OBJECTIVES: During the last decade, various plate fixation systems have been developed for the treatment of complicated sternal dehiscence after open-heart surgery. One of them is the Modular Sternal Cable System© (MSCS), which promises optimal distribution of forces along the whole sternum by using plates, cannulated screws and cables. However, in comparison with other systems, there is a lack of outcome data. METHODS: Sternal reconstruction with the MSCS was performed in 11 patients (male n = 10, age 72...
May 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Pascal Froidevaux, François Bochud, Sébastien Baechler, Vincent Castella, Marc Augsburger, Claude Bailat, Katarzyna Michaud, Marietta Straub, Marco Pecchia, Theo M Jenk, Tanya Uldin, Patrice Mangin
The late president of the Palestinian Authority, Yasser Arafat, died in November 2004 in Percy Hospital, one month after having experienced a sudden onset of symptoms that included severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and abdominal pain and which were followed by multiple organ failure. In spite of numerous investigations performed in France, the pathophysiological mechanisms at the origin of the symptoms could not be identified. In 2011, we found abnormal levels of polonium-210 ((210)Po) in some of Arafat's belongings that were worn during his final hospital stay and which were stained with biological fluids...
February 2016: Forensic Science International
Rakesh Mondal, Archan Sil, Somosri Ray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Indian Pediatrics
Shafiur Rahman, Karan Gulati, Masakazu Kogawa, Gerald J Atkins, Peter Pivonka, David M Findlay, Dusan Losic
To treat skeletal conditions such as bone infections, osteoporotic fractures and osteosarcoma, it would be ideal to introduce drugs directly to the affected site. Localized drug delivery from the bone implants is a promising alternative to systemic drug administration. In this study we investigated electrochemically nano-engineered Ti wire implants with titania nanotubes (TNTs), as minimally invasive drug-releasing implants for the delivery of drugs directly into the bone tissue. Since trabecular bone in vivo contains a highly interconnected bone marrow, we sought to determine the influence of marrow on drug release and diffusion...
October 20, 2015: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Danièle Guinot, Marcos Tavares, Peter Castro
The patterns of complexity of the male and female sexual openings in Brachyura, which have been the source of uncertainties and conflicting opinions, are documented, together with a study of the morphologies of the coxal and sternal gonopores in both sexes, penises, spermathecae, and gonopods. The vulvae, male gonopores and penises are described among selected taxa of Eubrachyura, and their function and evolution examined in the context of a wide variety of mating behaviours. The location of female and male gonopores, the condition of the penis (coxal and sternal openings and modalities of protection), and related configurations of thoracic sternites 7 and 8, which are modified by the intercalation of a wide sternal part (thoracic sternites 7 and 8) during carcinisation, show evidence of deep homology...
2013: Zootaxa
Helga Naburi, Evelyne Assenga, Sonal Patel, Augustine Massawe, Karim Manji
BACKGROUND: Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare syndrome, first described by Cantrell and co-workers in 1958. The syndrome is characterized by the presence of five major congenital defects involving the diaphragm, abdominal wall, the diaphragmatic pericardium, lower sternum and various congenital intra-cardiac abnormalities. The syndrome has never been reported in Tanzania, although may have been reported from other African countries. Survival rate of the complete form of pentalogy of Cantrell is as low as 20%, but recent studies have reported normal growth achieved by 6 years of age where corrective surgeries were done; showing that surgical repair early in life is essential for survival...
2015: BMC Research Notes
Xin Sun, Bing Zhang, Donghui Wu
Protaphorura Absolon, 1901 is characterized by the postantennal organ with numerous simple vesicles, the number of chaetae in the distal row of tibiotarsi as 11, the absence of chaeta d0 on the head, the furca reduced to a cuticular pocket with 2+2 dental chaetae, the presence of three or four manubrial rows of chaetae and having anal spines set on distinct papillae (Weiner 1996, Pomorski 1998). Among the 127 species of the genus known in the world (Bellinger et al. 1996-2013), only one species, Protaphorura armata (Tullberg, 1869), has been recorded from China till now (Rusek 1971)...
2013: Zootaxa
Jose Christopher E Mendoza
A new species of xanthid crab (Brachyura: Xanthidae) is described from the Bohol Sea in the central Philippines. Xanthias joanneae sp. nov. is most similar in morphology to X. maculatus Sakai, 1961 (type locality: Sagami Bay, Japan), particularly in the presence of distinctive ocelli on the carapace and pereopods. It can be separated from this species by the greater number of ocelli on the dorsal surface of the carapace, wider teeth separated by narrow notches on the carapace anterolateral margin, absence of longitudinal ridges on the external surface of the chelar palm, shorter and stouter ambulatory legs, narrower male anterior thoracic sternum, and stouter G 1...
2013: Zootaxa
Harish Narayanan, Fabiano F Viana, Julian A Smith, Nicholas K Roumeliotis, Christopher J Troupis, Marcus P Crossett, John M Troupis
BACKGROUND: Repeat cardiac surgeries are well known to have higher rates of complications, one of the important reasons being injuries associated with re-do sternotomy. Routine imaging with CT can help to minimise this risk by pre-operatively assessing the anatomical relation between the sternum and the underlying cardiovascular structures, but is limited by its inability to determine the presence and severity of functional tethering and adhesions between these structures. However, with the evolution of wide area detector MD CT scanners, it is possible to assess the presence of tethering using the dynamic four-dimensional CT (4D CT) imaging technique...
October 2015: Heart, Lung & Circulation
V Doré, J Dubuc, A M Bélanger, S Buczinski
A prospective cohort study was conducted on 1,081 dairy goats from 10 commercial herds in Québec (Canada) to define prepartum hyperketonemia based on optimal blood β-hydroxybutyrate acid threshold values for the early prediction of pregnancy toxemia (PT) and mortality in late-gestation dairy goats. All pregnant goats had blood sampled weekly during the last 5wk of pregnancy. The blood was analyzed directly on the farm for β-hydroxybutyrate acid quantification using a Precision Xtra meter (Abbott Diabetes Care, Saint-Laurent, QC, Canada)...
July 2015: Journal of Dairy Science
Priyamvada Gupta, Alok Kumar, D D Jethava, Durga Jethava
Congenital absence of sternum, also known as sternal cleft, is a rare anomaly. It is due to impaired organogenesis leading to nonfusion of sternal bars. It may be of two types- complete or incomplete. It may be associated with other congenital malformations viz., cardiac, anorectal etc., or may be a part of Cantrell's pentalogy. Besides cosmetic concerns, mediastinal structures are at increased risk to damage in case of trauma to the anterior chest wall. Due to restricted mediastinal space, there may be restrictive pulmonary dysfunctions and unstable hemodynamics...
September 2014: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Rhonda Orr, Hoi Lun Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Rugby league (RL) is a physically demanding collision sport, yet few studies describe injuries at the junior level despite their potential impact on career pathways and long-term health. With the absence of an injury surveillance paradigm in junior competition, this study aimed to investigate injury incidence in an Australian setting. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: A set of injury surveillance forms were developed and used to record injury characteristics, mechanism, severity and follow-up throughout one season...
March 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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