keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Influence vaccination

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691102/how-baby-s-first-shot-determines-the-development-of-maternal-attitudes-towards-vaccination
#1
Cornelia Betsch, Birte Bödeker, Philipp Schmid, Ole Wichmann
BACKGROUND: The attitude towards vaccination is a major determinant of vaccination behavior; this also includes parents' attitudes towards the immunization of their child. Negative attitudes have been associated with vaccine hesitancy and outbreaks of infectious diseases throughout the globe. This study aimed to assess how and why attitudes become more pro-vaccine or vaccine-skeptical over time, and which sources are especially influential in this process. METHODS: Prospective cohort study with measurements at time of recruitment during pregnancy and at +3, +6 and +14 months after childbirth with cross-sectional control groups...
April 21, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691100/immunisation-of-chickens-with-live-salmonella-vaccines-role-of-booster-vaccination
#2
U Methner
It is accepted that booster vaccinations of chickens with live Salmonella vaccines are essential part of vaccinations schemes to induce an effective adaptive immune response. As manufacturer of registered live Salmonella vaccines recommend different times of booster the question raises whether the duration between the first and second immunisation might influence the protective effect against Salmonella exposure. Chickens were immunised with a live Salmonella Enteritidis vaccine on day 1 of age followed by a booster vaccination at different intervals (day 28, 35 or 42 of age) to study the effects on the colonisation and invasion of the Salmonella vaccine strain, the humoral immune response and the efficacy against infection with Salmonella Enteritidis on day 56 of age...
April 21, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686682/targeting-cytosolic-nucleic-acid-sensing-pathways-for-cancer-immunotherapies
#3
REVIEW
Sandra Iurescia, Daniela Fioretti, Monica Rinaldi
The innate immune system provides the first line of defense against pathogen infection though also influences pathways involved in cancer immunosurveillance. The innate immune system relies on a limited set of germ line-encoded sensors termed pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), signaling proteins and immune response factors. Cytosolic receptors mediate recognition of danger damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) signals. Once activated, these sensors trigger multiple signaling cascades, converging on the production of type I interferons and proinflammatory cytokines...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685950/contribution-of-the-immune-response-to-phage-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Oleg Krut, Isabelle Bekeredjian-Ding
Therapeutic phages are being employed for vaccination and treatment of cancer and bacterial infections. Their natural immunogenicity triggers intertwined interactions with innate and adaptive immune cells that might influence therapy. Phage- and bactierial-derived pathogen-associated molecular patterns released after bacterial lysis have been proposed to stimulate local innate immune responses, which could promote antitumor immunity or bacterial clearance. Conversely, immunogenicity of phages induces phage-specific humoral memory, which can hamper therapeutic success...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685438/antimicrobials-usage-assessments-in-commercial-poultry-and-local-birds-in-north-central-nigeria-associated-pathways-and-factors-for-resistance-emergence-and-spread
#5
N B Alhaji, A E Haruna, B Muhammad, M K Lawan, T O Isola
The World Health Organization's Global Action Plan on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) recommended monitoring of antimicrobial use (AMU) through surveillance and research to help mitigate AMR. This survey was aimed at assessing poultry owners' knowledge/awareness and practices regarding AMU, identified pathways for AMR emergence and spread in small-scale commercial poultry farms and free-range local bird flocks in North-central Nigeria. An interview questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted on commercial poultry farmers and local bird flock keepers in 2017...
June 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684651/the-geography-of-smallpox-in-england-before-vaccination-a-conundrum-resolved
#6
Romola Jane Davenport, Max Satchell, Leigh Matthew William Shaw-Taylor
Smallpox is regarded as an ancient and lethal disease of humans, however very little is known about the prevalence and impact of smallpox before the advent of vaccination (c.1800). Here we use evidence from English burial records covering the period 1650-1799 to confirm a striking geography to smallpox patterns. Smallpox apparently circulated as a childhood disease in northern England and Sweden, even where population densities were low and settlement patterns dispersed. However, smallpox was a relatively rare epidemic disease in southern England outside the largest cities, despite its commercialised economy and the growing spatial interconnectedness of its settlements...
April 16, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683764/the-impact-of-dosing-schedules-on-the-success-of-vaccination-programmes-in-elderly-populations-a-summary-of-current-evidence
#7
Ian Matthews, Hazel Dawson
Vaccines are an established means of preventing and eliminating communicable diseases. Whilst their efficacy in some settings is well studied, the impact of multi-dose vaccinations programmes in elderly populations is not well documented. A literature review was conducted in order to collate and analyse existing publications to provide a summary of current thinking and support identification of key factors that impact on the success of vaccination programmes. Having returned little information to provide a comprehensive understanding of the subject area, two short surveys were undertaken to supplement the findings and further examine the attitudes and opinions of the elderly and healthcare professionals...
April 23, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682293/methodological-aspects-of-serosurveillance-in-resource-poor-settings
#8
Susanna Sternberg Lewerin, Cecilia Wolff, Charles Masembe, Karl Ståhl, Sofia Boqvist, Mikael Andersson Franko
Animal production is important for the agricultural economy in low-income countries, but is threatened by infectious diseases. Serosurveys are conducted for different reasons such as disease detection, risk factor studies, disease monitoring and establishing disease-free status. Most reports on such serosurveys include some discussion about methodological constraints but still, by necessity, rely on serological results for case definition. This study uses a cross-sectional serosurvey for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), Rift Valley fever (RVF) and contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in cattle in three districts in Western Uganda to illustrate the limitations of this approach, addressing the questions of what flaws can be expected in sampling and diagnostics and how these influence the results...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678965/parents-uptake-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccines-for-their-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#9
Peter A Newman, Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Philip Baiden, Suchon Tepjan, Clara Rubincam, Nick Doukas, Farid Asey
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with parents' uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines for their children. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, AIDSLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Social Sciences Abstracts, Ovid MEDLINE, Scholars Portal, Social Sciences Citation Index and Dissertation Abstracts International from inception through November 2017. METHODS: We included studies that sampled parents and assessed uptake of HPV vaccines for their children (≤18 years) and/or sociodemographics, knowledge, attitudes or other factors associated with uptake...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678951/cyclooxygenase-1-and-2-play-contrasting-roles-in-listeria-stimulated-immunity
#10
Erin Theisen, Courtney E McDougal, Masako Nakanishi, David M Stevenson, Daniel Amador-Noguez, Daniel W Rosenberg, Laura J Knoll, John-Demian Sauer
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit cyclooxygenase (COX) activity and are commonly used for pain relief and fever reduction. NSAIDs are used following childhood vaccinations and cancer immunotherapies; however, how NSAIDs influence the development of immunity following these therapies is unknown. We hypothesized that NSAIDs would modulate the development of an immune response to Listeria monocytogenes -based immunotherapy. Treatment of mice with the nonspecific COX inhibitor indomethacin impaired the generation of cell-mediated immunity...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678552/the-immunogenicity-of-recombinant-vaccines-based-on-modified-vaccinia-ankara-mva-viruses-expressing-african-horse-sickness-virus-vp2-antigens-depends-on-the-levels-of-expressed-vp2-protein-delivered-to-the-host
#11
Eva Calvo-Pinilla, Simon Gubbins, Peter Mertens, Javier Ortego, Javier Castillo-Olivares
African horse sickness (AHS) is a lethal equine disease transmitted by Culicoides biting midges and caused by African horse sickness virus (AHSV). AHS is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa, but devastating outbreaks have been recorded periodically outside this region. The perceived risk of an AHS outbreak occurring in Europe has increased following the frequent epidemics caused in ruminants by bluetongue virus, closely related to AHSV. Attenuated vaccines for AHS are considered unsuitable for use in non-endemic countries due bio-safety concerns...
April 17, 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678227/humoral-and-cell-mediated-immune-responses-to-influenza-vaccination-in-equine-metabolic-syndrome-ems-horses
#12
Sarah Elzinga, Stephanie Reedy, Virginia D Barker, Thomas M Chambers, Amanda A Adams
Obesity is an increasing problem in the equine population with recent reports indicating that the percentage of overweight horses may range anywhere from 20.6-51%. Obesity in horses has been linked to more serious health concerns such as equine metabolic syndrome (EMS). EMS is a serious problem in the equine industry given its defining characteristics of insulin dysregualtion and obesity, as well as the involvement of laminitis. Little research however has been conducted to determine the effects of EMS on routine healthcare of these horses, in particular how they respond to vaccination...
May 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676600/searching-online-for-information-about-vaccination-assessing-the-influence-of-user-specific-cognitive-factors-using-eye-tracking
#13
Sabrina Heike Kessler, Arne Freya Zillich
In Germany, the Internet is gaining increasing importance for laypeople as a source of health information, including information about vaccination. While previous research has focused on the characteristics of online information about vaccination, this study investigated the influence of relevant user-specific cognitive factors on users' search behavior for online information about vaccination. Additionally, it examined how searching online for information about vaccination influences users' attitudes toward vaccination...
April 20, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673942/allergic-patients-with-and-without-allergen-specific-immunotherapy-mount-protective-immune-responses-to-tick-borne-encephalitis-vaccination-in-absence-of-enhanced-side-effects-or-propagation-of-their-th2-bias
#14
Erika Garner-Spitzer, Claudia Seidl-Friedrich, Ines Zwazl, Michael Hofer, Tamar Kinaciyan, Reinhart Jarisch, Karin Stiasny, Gerhard J Zlabinger, Michael Kundi, Ursula Wiedermann
BACKGROUND: Allergic diseases are caused by Th2-driven immune responses and their treatment with specific immunotherapy (SIT) leads to immunomodulation via IL10, TGF-ß and Th1/Tr1 shift. This phase IV, open-label clinical trial investigated whether allergies and SIT treatment influenced immune responses to routine vaccination. METHODS: We studied three groups: 49 allergic patients (allergic group), 21 allergic patients receiving maintenance doses of SIT (SIT group), and 49 non-allergic controls...
April 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673345/on-farm-storage-of-livestock-vaccines-may-be-a-risk-to-vaccine-efficacy-a-study-of-the-performance-of-on-farm-refrigerators-to-maintain-the-correct-storage-temperature
#15
Paul D Williams, Gustavo Paixão
BACKGROUND: Livestock vaccines (LV) are often stored on-farm, in a refrigerator (fridge), prior to use and little is documented about the storage conditions during this period. As the quality of a vaccine can be impaired by storage at an incorrect temperature, the present study aimed to evaluate the on-farm performance of farm fridges to maintain the correct storage temperature. From January to August 2014, temperature data loggers were placed on selected farms fridges used to store LV (n = 20) in South-West England...
April 19, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670995/the-new-italian-mandatory-vaccine-law-as-a-health-policy-instrument-against-the-anti-vaccination-movement
#16
F Chirico
In Italy, the Parliament granted recently the final approval to a law introducing a long list of childhood vaccinations mandatory for preschool and school-age children. Before the approval, a vibrant public debate took place on the traditional media, in the social networks and among policymakers because of the so called "anti-vaccination movement". In this paper, we discuss about ethical aspects and relationship between individual rights and public health. The role of social networks and the Internet is also essential to disseminate correct informations, influencing health behaviours and contributing to educating people about this major public health issue in a right way...
May 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668816/compliance-with-the-vaccination-schedule-in-children-hospitalized-with-pneumonia-and-associated-factors
#17
Amanda Tabosa Pereira da Silva, Eduardo Jorge da Fonseca Lima, Maria de Fátima Costa Caminha, Andresa Tabosa Pereira da Silva, Edil de Albuquerque Rodrigues Filho, Carmina Silva Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To verify the adequacy and factors associated with compliance with the immunization schedule (BCG, DTP-Hib, MMR, PCV-10) in children hospitalized with pneumonia at a pediatric referral hospital in Northeast Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study with an analytical component, with a sample of 452 children hospitalized with pneumonia at the Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira, between 2010 and 2013. The inclusion criterion was children aged from one month to less than five years of age with proof in the immunization record...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667448/influencing-health-decision-making-a-study-of-colour-and-message-framing
#18
Raymond P Voss, Ryan Corser, Michael McCormick, John D Jasper
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has provided evidence that colour associations and frame can influence behavioural intentions to engage in vaccination behaviours. In this study, the extension of these effects to sunscreen application behaviours was investigated. Additional colours and the manner in which colour primes were employed were also explored. DESIGN: Two hundred and eighty-six college students were primed with either short wavelength colours (blue/purple) or long wavelength colours (red/orange) as part of goal framed sunscreen information pamphlets...
April 18, 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665870/application-of-multiblock-modelling-to-identify-key-drivers-for-antimicrobial-use-in-pig-production-in-four-european-countries
#19
L Collineau, S Bougeard, A Backhans, J Dewulf, U Emanuelson, E Grosse Beilage, A Lehébel, S Lösken, M Postma, M Sjölund, K D C Stärk, V H M Visschers, C Belloc
Antimicrobial use in pig farming is influenced by a range of risk factors, including herd characteristics, biosecurity level, farm performance, occurrence of clinical signs and vaccination scheme, as well as farmers' attitudes and habits towards antimicrobial use. So far, the effect of these risk factors has been explored separately. Using an innovative method called multiblock partial least-squares regression, this study aimed to investigate, in a sample of 207 farrow-to-finish farms from Belgium, France, Germany and Sweden, the relative importance of the six above mentioned categories or 'blocks' of risk factors for antimicrobial use in pig production...
April 18, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662493/age-related-changes-in-the-natural-killer-cell-response-to-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-are-not-influenced-by-a-synbiotic-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Agnieszka Przemska-Kosicka, Caroline E Childs, Catherine Maidens, Honglin Dong, Susan Todd, Margot A Gosney, Kieran Michael Tuohy, Parveen Yaqoob
Natural killer (NK) cells are an important component of the immune response to influenza infection, but are subject to alteration during aging, which may play a role in impaired response to infection and vaccination in older people. Enhancement of NK cell activity could, therefore, present a means to improve the immune response to vaccination in older subjects, and pre- and probiotics offer an opportunity to modulate antiviral defenses via alteration of the gut microbiota. This study investigated the effect of a novel probiotic, Bifidobacterium longum bv...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
keyword
keyword
117920
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"