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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149964/chikungunya-infection-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#1
E S Girão, B G Rodrigues Dos Santos, E S do Amaral, P E G Costa, K B Pereira, A H de Araujo Filho, E B Hyppolito, M U Mota, L C B F Marques, C M Costa de Oliveira, S L da Silva, J H P Garcia, P F C B C Fernandes
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an emerging mosquito-borne disease that causes acute febrile polyarthralgia and arthritis. CHIKV has spread rapidly to the Americas and, in Brazil, autochthonous cases are increasingly been reported. Solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients who travel to or live in CHIKV endemic areas are under high risk of acquiring the disease. Few data exist regarding the clinical characteristics of CHIKV infections in this population. We report the first case series of CHIKV infection in SOT recipients...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144788/panchakola-reduces-oxidative-stress-in-mcf-7-breast-cancer-and-hek293-cells
#2
Tooba Naz Shamsi, Romana Parveen, Sadaf Fatima
A large number of studies have proven the efficacy of ayurveda in the field of health and wellness. Panchakola, an ayurvedic formulation, is a general health tonic primarily used to cure fever, inflammation, pain, indigestion, and so on. We investigated effects of panchakola on oxidative stress in MCF-7 breast cancer and human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells. This work was performed to assess the antineoplastic and free radical-scavenging potential of aqueous extract of panchakola, a polyherbal formulation, in normal and breast cancer cell lines (i...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109879/legionnaires-disease-complicated-with-rhabdomyolysis-and-acute-kidney-injury-in-an-aids-patient
#3
Karan Seegobin, Satish Maharaj, Cherisse Baldeo, Julio Perez Downes, Pramod Reddy
Objective: To present a case of an uncommon triad of Legionella pneumonia, rhabdomyolysis, and renal failure, with review of the relevant literature. Case: A 51-year-old with a history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and hypertension presented with fever, cough, and shortness of breath over four days. Chest X-ray showed consolidation in left lower lung field; urine was positive for Legionella antigen and myoglobin; creatine kinase was 51092U/L; creatine was 6...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098196/perirenal-abscess-after-partial-nephrectomy-because-of-migration-of-upper-calix-stone-and-urine-leakage-a-case-report
#4
Sheng-Chun Hung, Li-Wen Chang, Cheng-Kuang Yang
Background: Nephron-sparing surgery has been shown to achieve oncological results equivalent to those of radical nephrectomy in patients with compromised renal function who have renal tumors <4 cm. However, technical difficulties and potential surgical complications remain challenges to the surgeon. Various factors, such as tumor size and location, collecting system invasion, and patient's expectations, are major concerns that may affect the feasibility of performing an effective partial nephrectomy. We report a patient with renal cell carcinoma who underwent open partial nephrectomy and suffered from complications of perirenal abscess because of stone migration, obstruction, and subsequence urine leakage...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098192/forgotten-perinephric-drain-anchored-in-the-tissues-lessons-to-be-learned
#5
Prashant Kumar, Rishi Nayyar
Background: Drainage of any deep seated abscess often requires placement of catheters along with other conservative measures. These catheters are removed when the drainage volume reduces to clinically insignificant levels. However, if left in situ, there are potential complications. One such complication necessitating additional surgical procedure is highlighted in this case report. Malecot's catheter and children may be more at risk for such a complication. Case Presentation: A 7-year-old girl presented with recurrent episodes of right flank pain associated with high-grade fever with chills for the last 5 months and right perinephric drain in situ...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096346/intraabdominal-abscess-caused-by-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-a-case-report
#6
Toyomitsu Sawai, Sumako Yoshioka, Nobuko Matsuo, Naofumi Suyama, Hiroshi Mukae
INTRODUCTION: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia usually causes nosocomial infections, but intraabdominal abscesses or organ/space surgical site infection (SSI) secondary to this organism has been rarely reported. Here, we reported a rare case of SSI that presented as intraabdominal abscess caused by S. maltophilia. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 68-year-old woman presented to our hospital with transverse colon cancer. Further work up with abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed left renal cell carcinoma...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090653/tuberculous-pyelonephritis-in-children-three-case-reports
#7
Nimisha Arora, Abhijeet Saha, Manpreet Kaur
Tuberculous pyelonephritis is rare in children; three case reports are presented. Case 1 was an 11-year-old girl with a previous history of pulmonary tuberculosis who presented with flank pain and fever for 10 days. An ultrasound suggested focal pyelonephritis, and a contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) scan demonstrated acute focal pyelonephritis and a perinephric collection. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was cultured in the urine. She responded well to anti-tuberculous treatment (ATT). Case 2 was a 13-year-old boy who presented with fever, haematuria, burning micturition, proteinuria (3+) and cervical lymphadenopathy...
November 1, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076901/unexpected-pyelonephritis-incidentally-revealed-on-99mtc-mdp-bone-scintigraphy
#8
Xiaofei Zhao, Ruifang Zhao, Ha Wu
A 5-year-old girl had intermittent fever for 4 months. A Tc MDP bone scintigraphy was performed to evaluate possible occult osteomyelitis, which revealed no bone lesion. However, abnormal MDP activity in the upper poles of both kidneys was noted, which was confirmed as pyelonephritis subsequently.
October 26, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075132/urinary-protein-profiles-in-ketorolac-associated-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-undergoing-orthopedic-day-surgery
#9
Filippo Mariano, Chiara Cogno, Fulvia Giaretta, Ilaria Deambrosis, Simona Pozza, Maurizio Berardino, Giuseppe Massazza, Luigi Biancone
BACKGROUND: Parenteral administration of ketorolac is very effective in controlling postoperative pain for orthopedic surgery. Ketorolac can induce clinically relevant renal alterations in elderly patients, whereas its short course is considered safe for young adults with normal preoperative renal function. In this study, of a cohort of young adults undergoing elective orthopedic day surgery, we sought cases complicated by readmission due to acute kidney injury (AKI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Among 1397 young adults, aged 18-32 years who were admitted to undergo orthopedic day surgery from 2013 to 2015, four patients (0...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064179/a-case-of-hypothermia-on-crrt
#10
Gurwant Kaur, Prameela Banoth, Preethi Yerram, Madhukar Misra
A 64-year-old Asian man, with past medical history of hypertension, hypothyroidism, and hyperlipidemia, presented with 3 days history of fever associated with cough and worsening shortness of breath. Subsequent clinical course was complicated by acute lung injury leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome requiring positive pressure ventilation, septic shock requiring inotropic support, and acute kidney injury requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). On day 3 of CRRT, the patient developed significant hypothermia (temporal temperature 27...
October 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063886/evaluation-of-concurrent-malaria-and-dengue-infections-among-febrile-patients
#11
Parul D Shah, Tanmay K Mehta
CONTEXT: Despite a wide overlap between endemic areas for two important vector-borne infections, malaria and dengue, published reports of co-infections are scarce till date. AIMS: To find the incidence of dengue and malaria co-infection as well as to ascertain the severity of such dengue and malaria co-infection based on clinical and haematological parameters. SETTING AND DESIGN: Observational, retrospective cross-sectional study was designed including patients who consulted the tertiary care hospital of Ahmedabad seeking treatment for fever compatible with malaria and/or dengue...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057840/ethnomedicinal-phytochemical-and-ethnopharmacological-aspects-of-four-medicinal-plants-of-malvaceae-used-in-indian-traditional-medicines-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Jasmeet Kaur Abat, Sanjay Kumar, Aparajita Mohanty
The ethnomedicinal values of plants form the basis of the herbal drug industry. India has contributed its knowledge of traditional system medicines (Ayurveda and Siddha) to develop herbal medicines with negligible side effects. The World Health Organization has also recognized the benefits of drugs developed from natural products. Abutilon indicum, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Sida acuta and Sida rhombifolia are ethnomedicinal plants of Malvaceae, commonly used in Indian traditional system of medicines. Traditionally these plants were used in the form of extracts/powder/paste by tribal populations of India for treating common ailments like cough and cold, fever, stomach, kidney and liver disorders, pains, inflammations, wounds, etc...
October 18, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054943/non-infectious-aortitis-in-an-immunosuppressed-renal-transplant-recipient-with-iga-nephropathy
#13
Charlotte M Snead, Stephen C Crockett, Phillippa K Bailey
A 54-year-old woman presented with atypical chest pain, fever and malaise. She was immunosuppressed with three agents following a living-donor kidney transplant 1 year previously. Her native kidney failure was secondary to biopsy-demonstrated crescentic IgA nephropathy, with systemic involvement. A CT pulmonary angiogram revealed an inflammatory cuff of soft tissue around the descending thoracic aorta suggesting aortitis. Inflammatory markers were elevated. Given her immunosuppression, the patient was screened extensively for infective causes and was empirically commenced on intravenous meropenem...
October 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050174/-effects-of-modified-three-step-procedure-for-anatrophic-nephrolithotomy-in-the-treatment-of-complex-staghorn-renal-calculi
#14
C L Yang, W Wang, W E Zhou, Y P Xue, B Q Wang, H B Nie, W L Hu
Objective: To investigate the effects of modified three-step procedure for anatrophic nephrolithotomy in the treatment of complex staghorn renal calculi. Methods: A total of 22 patients with complex staghorn renal calculi between June 2013 and June 2016 at Department of Urology in Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command were retrospective analyzed. There were 13 males and 9 females, ranging from 35 to 62 years old with mean age of 47 years. There were 17 patients with dull pain, and 5 patients who were found through physical examinations...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044345/first-report-of-granulicatella-sp-endocarditis-in-a-kidney-transplant-patient
#15
Flávio Jota de Paula, Precil Diego Miranda de Menezes Neves, Ramaiane Aparecida Bridi, Alice Tung Wan Song, Elias David-Neto
Granulicatella and Abiotrophia are genera of fastidious Gram-positive cocci commensal of the oral, genitourinary, and intestinal flora. We report the first case of infective endocarditis caused by Granulicatella sp. in a kidney transplant recipient. A 67-year-old male kidney transplant recipient was admitted to the hospital for investigation of fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. On physical examination, he was dehydrated. Laboratory tests identified impaired renal function (creatinine level of 15.5 mg/dl; reference, 3...
July 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042667/mg-132-reduces-virus-release-in-bovine-herpesvirus-1-infection
#16
Filomena Fiorito, Valentina Iovane, Antonietta Cantiello, Annarosaria Marullo, Luisa De Martino, Giuseppe Iovane
Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) can provoke conjunctivitis, abortions and shipping fever. BoHV-1 infection can also cause immunosuppression and increased susceptibility to secondary bacterial infections, leading to pneumonia and occasionally to death. Herein, we investigated the influence of MG-132, a proteasome inhibitor, on BoHV-1 infection in bovine kidney (MDBK) cells. Infection of MDBK cells with BoHV-1 induces apoptotic cell death that enhances virus release. Whereas, MG-132 inhibited virus-induced apoptosis and stimulated autophagy...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040243/toxic-shock-syndrome-still-a-timely-diagnosis
#17
Kira L Gossack-Keenan, April J Kam
BACKGROUND: Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is an acute, severe, toxin-mediated disease, characterized by fever, hypotension, and multiorgan system involvement. Toxic shock syndrome has made headlines because of its high associated morbidity and mortality rate in previously healthy young females. Incidence peaked in the early 1980s owing to increased usage of ultra-absorbent tampons. After improved patient education and tampon labeling, the incidence of menstrual TSS has declined. CASE: A previously healthy 14-year-old girl presented to an urgent care center with a 2-day history of fever, erythematous maculopapular rash, vomiting, diarrhea, and malaise...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038713/coexistence-of-lupus-nephritis-and-sickle-cell-trait-an-electron-microscopic-assessment-of-renal-glomerular-damage-case-report-of-a-rare-association
#18
Yahya Elficki, Atif Rawas, Asseil Ali Bossei, Areej Bdawod, Reem Zabani, Bayan Shams
Because of similarities of the musculoskeletal, central nervous system, and renal manifestations in both diseases, diagnosing systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients can be difficult to establish. Although Sickle Cell Trait (SCT) is still considered a benign form of SCD, its impact on kidney injury and other renal manifestations is well recognized in the literature. In this case report, we look at the challenges that develop when diagnosing patients with a concurrence of both diseases and the importance of early recognition and treatment of lupus nephritis in SCT patients...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038396/multiple-myeloma-in-a-patient-with-familial-mediterranean-fever
#19
Bahman Bashardoust, Nasrollah Maleki
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by recurrent episodes of painful inflammation in the abdomen, chest, or joints. The coexistence of multiple myeloma (MM) and FMF is an extremely rare event. Here, we report a case of FMF with concurrent MM. A 63-year-old woman was diagnosed with FMF since 15 years earlier. She was admitted with a complaint of low back pain. Regarding the presence of back pain, anemia, hypercalcemia, and kidney failure, a diagnosis of MM was suspected...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033415/liver-cyst-infection-after-colon-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-in-a-patient-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-on-maintenance-hemodialysis
#20
Shota Shimano, Miki Tsuda, Seiya Fuyuno, Yoshihide Arimura, Fumio Nanishi
A 60-year-old Japanese man with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) on maintenance hemodialysis underwent colonoscopy and endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). He was hospitalized after 4 days of fever that began the day following colonoscopy. We detected Klebsiella pneumoniae in a blood culture and a ring-shaped integration in the liver cyst by gallium scintigraphy. He recovered with antibiotics and percutaneous drainage. The patient was believed to have contracted the liver cyst infection via an injured colonic mucosa and portal vein...
October 16, 2017: Internal Medicine
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