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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917313/open-surgery-versus-retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-nephrectomy-for-renal-tuberculosis-a-retrospective-study-of-120-patients
#1
Su Zhang, You Luo, Cheng Wang, Hu Xiong, Sheng-Jun Fu, Li Yang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic renal surgery has been widely used in the treatment of renal diseases. However, there is still little research about its application in addressing renal tuberculosis. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively investigate the surgical results of laparoscopic and open surgery for nonfunctional tuberculous kidneys. METHODS: Between May 2011 and June 2016, 120 nephrectomies were performed in patients with a nonfunctional tuberculous kidney...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915438/variations-in-clinical-presentation-and-anatomical-distribution-of-gross-lesions-of-african-swine-fever-in-domestic-pigs-in-the-southern-highlands-of-tanzania-a-field-experience
#2
Maulilio John Kipanyula, Solomon Wilson Nong'ona
African swine fever is a contagious viral disease responsible for up to 100% mortality among domestic pigs. A longitudinal study was carried out to determine the clinical presentation and anatomical distribution of gross lesions in affected pigs in Mbeya region, Tanzania during the 2010 to 2014 outbreaks. Data were collected during clinical and postmortem examination by field veterinarians and using a structured questionnaire. A total of 118 respondents (100%) showed awareness about African swine fever. During previous outbreaks, the mortality rate was almost 100%, while in 2014 it was estimated to be less than 50%...
December 3, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909774/evaluation-of-upper-abdominal-organs-with-dwi-in-patients-with-familial-mediterranean-fever
#3
Eda Albayrak, Safak Sahin
PURPOSE: To investigate the diagnostic efficiency of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) for the evaluation of functional changes that can occur in upper abdominal organs in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). METHODS: The study included 50 controls, 45 patients with FMF, and 14 patients with FMF who had accompanying proteinuria. Measurement of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was performed using DWI sections obtained from liver, spleen, kidney, and pancreas parenchyma with 1...
December 2, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900974/disseminated-mycobacteria-chelonae-infection-in-a-kidney-pancreas-transplant-recipient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Shafi Malik, Ananda Ghosh, Shahid Husain
A 40-year-old male with a long-standing history of type 1 diabetes with end-stage renal failure underwent combined kidney-pancreas (KP) transplant from a standard criteria donor. Post-operative course was uncomplicated with good primary function of both transplant grafts. Induction was with thymoglobulin and maintenance immunosuppression was with tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil and prednisolone. Nine weeks post-transplant, the patient developed dysfunction of both grafts. Panel reactive antibody testing revealed that the patient had developed a de novo donor-specific antibody and considering an antibody-mediated rejection the patient was treated with intravenous pulse methyl prednisone 500 mg ×3 doses, IV immunoglobulin 2 mg/kg in two divided doses, and ATG 7 mg/kg (total dose of 700 mg)...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891373/retrospective-comparison-of-clinical-characteristics-and-in-hospital-outcomes-among-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-adults-with-acute-pyelonephritis
#5
Shailesh C Trivedi, Sanjeev R Phatak, Renu S Trivedi
INTRODUCTION: Acute Pyelonephritis (APN) is a common infection in community. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) may have different effect on clinical characteristics and outcomes of APN compared to non-diabetic individuals. AIM: To compare clinical characteristics and assess outcomes of APN patients with and without DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 122 patients with DM (n=61) and without DM (n=61) was conducted at a single, private, urban set-up from Gujarat, India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889778/primary-intestinal-hodgkin-lymphoma-mimicking-intraabdominal-abscess-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient-a-case-report
#6
Biljana Mihaljevic, Darko Antic, Vojin Vukovic, Maja Perunicic Jovanovic, Visnja Lezaic, Nemanja Zaric, Mirko Kerkez, Vladimir Djordjevic
INTRODUCTION: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) comprises a variety of lymphoid and plasma cell disorders arising in patients with a solid organ transplant. Monomorphic lymphomas represent the most significant part of this wide spectrum, with the overall risk rising with the aggressiveness of lymphoid proliferation in comparison to the general population. The development of Hodgkin lymphoma is very rare in transplant recipients, comprising less than 6% of all monomorphic PTLD, while cases of primary intestinal Hodgkin lymphoma in these circumstances are anecdotal...
2016: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884883/bilateral-ureteric-obstruction-during-in-vitro-fertilisation-therapy-in-a-patient-with-complex-surgically-managed-crohn-s-disease
#7
Christopher Charles Khoo, Nikhil Ahluwalia, Jan Grace, Arun Sahai
A 37-year-old woman receiving in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment presented with lethargy, fevers and anuria. Her background included complex surgically managed Crohn's disease and mild right-sided hydronephrosis (with no evidence of obstruction on MAG3 renogram). On examination, she had a distended abdomen with generalised tenderness. Blood tests revealed an acute kidney injury and confirmed sepsis. She was found to have bilateral ureteric obstruction with worsening of the right-sided hydronephrosis and new-onset left-sided hydronephrosis secondary to bilateral ovarian masses, diagnosed as mild ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884317/the-case-unexplained-fever-and-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-kidney-transplant-patient
#8
Flávio J Paula, Precil D M M Neves, Carolina S Lazari, Rafael G Ramos, Marcella M Frediani, Marcelo V A Silva, Nzuzi Mfinda, Lígia C Pierrotti, Daísa S R David, Leonardo A Testagrossa, Elias David-Neto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878380/uncommon-cause-of-fever-in-a-pediatric-kidney-transplant-recipient-answers
#9
Sidharth Kumar Sethi, Nikita Wadhwani, Pranaw Jha, Rajan Duggal, Reetesh Sharma, Shyam Bansal, Vijay Kher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878379/uncommon-cause-of-fever-in-a-pediatric-kidney-transplant-recipient-questions
#10
Sidharth Kumar Sethi, Nikita Wadhwani, Pranaw Jha, Rajan Duggal, Reetesh Sharma, Shyam Bansal, Vijay Kher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865549/anaemia-and-fever-in-kidney-transplant-the-role-of-human-parvovirus-b19
#11
Yanet Parodis López, Raquel Santana Estupiñán, Silvia Marrero Robayna, Roberto Gallego Samper, Fernando Henríquez Palop, José Carlos Rivero Vera, Rafael Camacho Galán, María José Pena López, Nery Sablón González, Fayna González Cabrera, Elena Oliva Dámaso, Nicanor Vega Díaz, José Carlos Rodríguez Pérez
Infections remain an issue of particular relevance in renal transplant patients, particularly viral infections. Human parvovirus B19 infection causes severe refractory anaemia, pancytopenia and thrombotic microangiopathy. Its presence is recognized by analysing blood polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and by the discovery of typical giant proerythroblasts in the bone marrow. We report the case of a 65 year-old man with a history of deceased donor renal transplant in September 2014. At 38 days after the transplant, the patient presented progressive anaemia that was resistant to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents...
November 16, 2016: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857032/eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-presenting-with-skin-rashes-eosinophilic-cholecystitis-and-retinal-vasculitis
#12
Mingbing Zeng, Xialin Liu, Yizhi Liu
BACKGROUND Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), also known as Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS), is a rare vasculitis of unknown etiology. Most of the patients have a long history of asthma and then develop autoimmune inflammation of small and medium-sized blood vessels, with consequent reduction of blood flow to various organs and tissues. EGPA can cause disorders in multiple systems; the most seriously affected organs are the retina, kidney, brain, cardiovascular system, and skin. CASE REPORT The patient was hospitalized for high fever and skin rashes and then developed right upper abdominal pain, decreased visual acuity, coma, and convulsions...
November 18, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847521/pasteurella-multocida-bacteremia-in-an-immunocompromised-patient
#13
Shweta Kukrety, Jai Parekh, Theresa Townley
We present the case of a 61-year-old Caucasian gentleman who presented with a one-day history of fever, chills, and altered mental status. His symptoms were initially thought to be secondary to cellulitis. Blood cultures grew Pasteurella multocida, a rare pathogen to cause bacteremia. Our patient was treated with ciprofloxacin for two weeks and made a complete and uneventful recovery. Our patient's uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease put him at a higher risk for developing serious P. multocida infection...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825411/clinical-features-of-patients-with-castleman-s-disease-complicated-by-br-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#14
Lu Zhang, Xin-Xin Cao, Shu-Jie Wang, Dao-Bin Zhou, Jian Li
Objective To investigate the clinical features of patients with Castleman's disease (CD) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods According to the diagnostic information between 1994 to 2014 extracted from the database of the Medical Record Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH),patients with CD and SLE were included. A thorough literature review utilizing the key words of "Castleman's disease","systemic lupus erythematosus","SLE",and "lupus" was performed in PubMed during the same period...
October 10, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821124/severe-leptospirosis-and-pancreatitis-a-case-series-from-a-leptospirosis-outbreak-in-anuradhapura-district-sri-lanka
#15
N J Herath, C J Kamburapola, S B Agampodi
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is identified as an atypical and rare presentation of leptospirosis. In this report, we discuss a case series of severe leptospirosis with pancreatitis as a main complication during an unusual outbreak of leptospirosis in Anuradhapura district, Sri Lanka. CASE PRESENTATION: We retrospectively reviewed clinical presentation, investigations, treatment and outcome of six confirmed cases of severe leptospirosis admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Teaching Hospital, Anuradhapura, within a three months period from November 2014 to January 2015...
November 7, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813615/18f-fdg-pet-ct-demonstrated-renal-and-hepatic-cyst-infection-in-a-patient-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#16
Domenico Albano, Giovanni Bosio, Francesco Bertagna
Infection of renal or hepatic cyst is a serious complication of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and early diagnosis is crucial for the correct management. We report a case of 64-year-old male with ADPKD, who required renal transplantation some years before, with recent recurrent episodes of fever and abdominal pain, who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT twice at 18 months intervals, after not conclusive conventional imaging studies (CT, ultrasonography). 18F-FDG PET/CT has proven to be a useful method for the diagnosis of renal and hepatic cyst infection in a patient with ADPKD and for the subse-quent management...
2016: Nuclear Medicine Review. Central & Eastern Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803833/coexistent-pseudogout-and-mycobacterium-avium-intracellulare-septic-arthritis-in-a-patient-with-hiv-and-esrd
#17
Wais Afzal, Omer M Wali, Kelly L Cervellione, Bhupinder B Singh, Farshad Bagheri
Pseudogout is a crystal-induced arthropathy characterized by the deposition of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals in synovial fluid, menisci, or articular cartilage. Although not very common, this entity can be seen in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Septic arthritis due to Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) is a rare entity that can affect immunocompromised patients such as those with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or those who are on immunosuppressive drugs. Here, we describe a 51-year-old female who presented with fever, right knee pain, swelling, warmth, and decreased range of motion for several days...
2016: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797281/acute-kidney-function-and-morphology-following-topload-administration-of-recombinant-hemoglobin-solution
#18
Alexandre Fabricio Martucci, Ana Carolina Carvalho Ferreira Abreu Martucci, Pedro Cabrales, Paulo do Nascimento, Marcos Intaglietta, Amy G Tsai, Yara Marcondes Machado Castiglia
There is a 0.138% incidence of adverse reactions related to blood transfusion. Transfusion-related acute lung injury, immunosuppression, fever, pathogen transmission, and hemolytic transfusion reactions are the most common ones. Synthetic oxygen carriers have been developed to deal with blood shortages and for use in the field where stored blood was not available. They were also designed to be pathogen free, including unknown viruses. In this study, we used Male Golden Syrian Hamsters implemented with a dorsal window chamber to determine how infusion of three different, genetically crosslinked recombinant acellular hemoglobin (rHb) solutions with different oxygen affinities and nitric oxide kinetics affect mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), kidney function, and kidney structure...
October 31, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795627/hemodialysis-among-pregnancy-related-acute-kidney-injury-patients-a-single-center-experience-in-north-western-nigeria
#19
A M Makusidi, H M Liman, A Yakubu, M Hassan, M D Isah, A Chijioke
Pregnancy related acute kidney injury (PRAKI) patients that underwent hemodialysis (HD) between May 2007 and April 2015 were studied with specific reference to clinical features, laboratory values, duration of pregnancy at the diagnosis of acute kidney injury and outcome. It involved 38 patients aged between 15 and 30 years. The main clinical features were fever, edema and oliguria. The leading etiological factors included ante/postpartum hemorrhage, septic abortion, and toxemia of pregnancy. The majority of cases occurred during the third trimester...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795221/-acute-generalized-exanthematous-pustulosis-induced-by-piroxicam
#20
Ingrid Bissinger, Gustavo Matute-Turizo, María Natalia Mejía-Barreneche
BACKGROUND: Between 62 and 90% of cases of acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis are caused by drugs. Its onset is rapid with generalized pustules, fever, and blood neutrophil count over 7000; pustules resolve spontaneously in less than 15 days. A case associated with piroxicam described. CASE REPORT: A 36-year-old with initial erythema of the thorax and abdomen, accompanied by burning, without fever, which later spread to his forearms, upper arms, and thighs, with face edema...
October 2016: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
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