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iron preparation

Changling Ji, Liang Meng, Hualin Wang
In this study, a composite remediation material for the enhanced reductive dechlorination (ERD) of 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCA) in aqueous solution was prepared. This material was comprised of biochar as the carrier and adsorbent, and carrageenan (CG) as the embedding medium to entrap the organic carbon sources and zero-valent iron (ZVI). We determined the suitable biochar dosage and organic carbon source in the composite alongside the optimal preparation conditions. Furthermore, using an anaerobic microcosm study, we discussed the performance and possible mechanisms of the composite on 1,1,1-TCA removal in aqueous solution...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Maofan Li, Jiajie Liu, Tongchao Liu, Mingjian Zhang, Feng Pan
A carbonyl-bridged single molecular precursor LiTM(acac)3 [transition metal (TM) = cobalt/manganese/nickel (Co/Mn/Ni), acac = acetylacetone], featuring a one-dimensional chain structure, was designed and applied to achieve the layered oxide cathode materials: LiTMO2 (TM = Ni/Mn/Co, NMC). As examples, layered oxides, primary LiCoO2, binary LiNi0.8Co0.2O2 and ternary LiNi0.5Mn0.3Co0.2O2 were successfully prepared to be used as cathode materials. When they are applied to lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), all exhibit good electrochemical performance because of their unique morphology and great uniformity of element distribution...
January 19, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Lijuan Shen, Ganchang Lei, Yuanxing Fang, Yanning Cao, Xinchen Wang, Lilong Jiang
We report the first use of polymeric carbon nitride (CN) for the catalytic selective oxidation of H2S. The as-prepared CN with unique ultrathin "nanomeshes" structure exhibits excellent H2S conversion and high S selectivity. In particular, the CN nanomesh also displays better durability in the desulfurization reaction than traditional catalysts, such as carbon- and iron-based materials.
January 18, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Ole Haagen Nielsen, Christoffer Soendergaard, Malene Elbaek Vikner, Günter Weiss
Anaemia is the most frequent, though often neglected, comorbidity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Here we want to briefly present (1) the burden of anaemia in IBD, (2) its pathophysiology, which mostly arises from bleeding-associated iron deficiency, followed by (3) diagnostic evaluation of anaemia, (4) a balanced overview of the different modes of iron replacement therapy, (5) evidence for their therapeutic efficacy and subsequently, (6) an updated recommendation for the practical management of anaemia in IBD...
January 13, 2018: Nutrients
Xiongfei Luo, Zhijun Chen, Shujun Li, Shou-Xin Liu, Jian Li
Corrosion of iron-containing materials, which presents serious economic and safety problems, normally begins with micro corrosion. If micro corrosion could be detected and repaired immediately, corrosion damage could be greatly reduced. Current technology and materials, however, are not able to detect micro corrosion of iron in a cheap and convenient manner. Here, we have used a natural product, ellagic acid (EA), to fabricate an EA-functionalized polyvinyl alcohol(PVA) film (EAF) for in-situ sensing of the initial stage of micro corrosion...
January 17, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Silke Wolf, Wim Klopper, Claus Feldmann
The germanium-iron cluster Ge12{Fe(CO)3}8(μ-I)4 was prepared by reacting GeI4 and Fe2(CO)9 in [BMIm]Cl/AlCl3 as ionic liquid (BMIm: 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium). The cluster contains a Ge12Fe8 metal core consisting of a central Ge4 rectangle, two Ge2 pairs, and four single Ge atoms. These Ge units are interconnected by Fe atoms to a real Ge-Fe cluster. According to DFT calculations, Hund's localization criterion is fulfilled for the whole cluster if we assume three different atomic charges on the Ge4, Ge2, and Ge units...
January 16, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Philipp Bielec, Oliver Janka, Theresa Block, Rainer Pöttgen, Wolfgang Schnick
Highly condensed nitridosilicates doped with Eu2+ or Ce3+ play an important role in saving energy by converting the blue light of (In,Ga)N-LEDs. Although nitridosilicates are known for great structural variety based on covalent anionic Si-N networks, elemental variety is restricted. Presenting a significant extension of the latter, this work describes a general access to open-shell transition metal nitridosilicates. As proof of principle the first iron nitridosilicate, namely Fe2Si5N8 was prepared by exchanging Ca2+ in α Ca2Si5N8 applying a FeCl2 melt (salt metathesis)...
January 16, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
H Y Tsai, S Y Li, C Bor Fuh
Magnetofluorescent nanocomposites with optimal magnetic and fluorescent properties were prepared and characterized by combining magnetic nanoparticles (iron oxide@polymethyl methacrylate) with fluorescent nanoparticles (rhodamine 6G@mSiO2). Experimental parameters were optimized to produce nanocomposites with high magnetic susceptibility and fluorescence intensity. The detection of a model biomarker (alpha-fetoprotein) was used to demonstrate the feasibility of applying the magnetofluorescent nanocomposites combined with quantum dots and using magnetic fluorescence-linked immunoassay...
January 15, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Alexander M Khenkin, Madhu Vedichi, Linda J W Shimon, Matthew A Cranswick, Johannes E M N Klein, Lawrence Que, Ronny Neumann
The iron(II) triflate complex (1) of 1,2-bis(2,2'-bipyridyl-6-yl)ethane, with two bipyridine moieties connected by an ethane bridge, was prepared. Addition of aqueous 30% H2O2 to an acetonitrile solution of 1 yielded 2, a green compound with λmax=710 nm. Moessbauer measurements on 2 showed a doublet with an isomer shift (δ) of 0.35 mm/s and a quadrupole splitting (ΔEQ) of 0.86 mm/s, indicative of an antiferromagnetically coupled diferric complex. Resonance Raman spectra showed peaks at 883, 556 and 451 cm-1 that downshifted to 832, 540 and 441 cm-1 when 1 was treated with H218O2...
November 2017: Israel Journal of Chemistry
Shukai Ding, Mohamed F Attia, Justine Wallyn, Chiara Taddei, Christophe A Serra, Nicolas Anton, Mohamad Kassem, Marc Schmutz, Meriem Er-Rafik, Nadia Messaddeq, Alexandre Collard, Wei Yu, Michele Giordano, Thierry F Vandamme
In this paper, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs, around 6 nm) encapsulated in poly(methyl methacrylate) nanoparticles (PMMA NPs) with controlled sizes ranging from 100 nm to 200 nm have been successfully produced. The hybrid polymeric nanoparticles were prepared following two different methods: (1) nanoprecipitation and (2) nanoemulsification-evaporation. These two methods were implemented in two different microprocesses based on the use of an impact jet micromixer and an elongational-flow microemulsifier respectively...
January 16, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Huiping Chen, Nan Chen, Chuanping Feng, Yu Gao
Ag6Si2O7, a visible light-driven photocatalyst, has attracted considerable attention owing to its enormous environmental remediation potential. In this work, a magnetic iron(II,III) oxide/titania/silver silicate (Fe3O4/TiO2/Ag6Si2O7) nanocomposite was synthesized by anchoring TiO2 and Ag6Si2O7 on the surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The morphology, crystal structure, as well as the spectroscopic, magnetic, and photocurrent properties of the as-prepared Fe3O4/TiO2/Ag6Si2O7 nanocomposite were studied. Methylene blue (MB) was used for evaluating the photocatalytic performance under simulated visible light...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Laurel O Sillerud
BACKGROUND: There is a need for a quantitative MRI method for iron concentration magnetic resonance imaging suitable for measuring the delivery of targeted superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) to tumors. PURPOSE: To apply our newly developed [Fe]MRI method to the quantitative imaging in both space and time of the iron dynamics of anti-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) conjugated SPIONs within human prostate tumor xenografts in nude mice. STUDY TYPE: Longitudinal...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Tengfei Li, Zhimin Cui, Yan Wang, Wen Yang, Duo Li, QinXin Song, Luning Sun, Li Ding
As an orally active iron chelator, deferasirox forms its ion complexes in the prepared plasma samples and LC-MS mobile phase where ferric ion exists, and then comparing with the nominal concentration level, a lower detected concentration level of deferasirox would be obtained after LC-MS analysis, if no proper treatment was adopted. Meanwhile, the phenomenon would be observed that multiple repeat injections of the same deferasirox plasma sample in the same tube would show the lower and lower detected concentration levels of deferasirox, which caused by more and more ferric ions from the injection needle dissolved in the sample solution as multiple repeated injections...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Yafei Gao, Guangyu Li, Liang Deng
Late transition-metal-based catalysts are widely used in N2 fixation reactions, but the reactivity of late transition-metal N2 complexes, besides of iron N2 complexes, remained poorly understood as their N2 complexes were thought labile and hard to be functionalized. By employing a monodentate N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC), 1,3-dicyclohexyl-imidazol-2-ylidene (ICy) as ligand, the cobalt(0)- and cobalt(-1)-N2 complexes, [(ICy)3Co(N2)] (1) and [(ICy)2Co(N2)2M]n (M = K, 2a; Rb, 2b; Cs, 2c), respectively, were synthesized from the stepwise reduction of (ICy)3CoCl by the corresponding alkaline metals under a N2 atmosphere...
January 12, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Hawraa Ayoub, Thibault Roques-Carmes, Olivier Potier, Bachar Koubaissy, Steve Pontvianne, Audrey Lenouvel, Cédric Guignard, Emmanuel Mousset, Hélène Poirot, Joumana Toufaily, Tayssir Hamieh
In this paper, for the first time, faujasite Y zeolite impregnated with iron (III) was employed as a catalyst to remove a real cocktail of micropollutants inside real water samples from the Meurthe river by the means of the heterogeneous photo-Fenton process. The catalyst was prepared by the wet impregnation method using iron (III) nitrate nonahydrate as iron precursor. First, an optimization of the process parameters was conducted using phenol as model macro-pollutant. The hydrogen peroxide concentration, the light wavelength (UV and visible) and intensity, the iron loading immobilized, as well as the pH of the solution were investigated...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Alfonso García-Márquez, Stefan Glatzel, Alexander Kraupner, Klaus Kiefer, Konrad Siemensmeyer, Cristina Giordano
Fe3N and Fe3C nanocomposites have a wide range of applications thanks to their ceramic nature, magnetic properties, conductivity and catalytic activity, just to cite some. In many fields optimal performances are ensured by crystallinity, homogeneity and hierarchical organization. In the present paper, crystalline, magnetic and well-defined nanofibres of iron nitride and iron carbide/carbon nanocomposite with tunable composition and size were prepared via electrospinning. The starting polymeric material was directly electrospun into fibres and then calcined, leading to a highly homogeneous final product of nanoparticles along the fibres (both outside and inside)...
January 11, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Shuyan Zhu, Hao Tian, Nan Wang, Bin Chen, Yiyong Mai, Xinliang Feng
This study develops a novel strategy, based on block copolymer self-assembly in solution, for preparing two-dimensional (2D) graphene-based mesoporous nanohybrids with well-defined large pores of tunable sizes, by employing polystyrene-block-poly(ethylene oxide) (PS-b-PEO) spherical micelles as the pore-creating template. The resultant 2D nanohybrids possess a sandwich-like structure with Fe2 O3 nanoparticle-embedded mesoporous polypyrrole (PPy) monolayers grown on both sides of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets (denoted as mPPy-Fe2 O3 @rGO)...
January 11, 2018: Small
Navid Aeineh, Fahimeh Salehi, Mohammad Akrami, Firouzeh Nemati, Masoumeh Alipour, Milad Ghorbani, Banafsheh Nikfar, Fatemeh Salehian, Nader Riyahi Alam, Seyed Esmaeil Sadat Ebrahimi, Alireza Foroumadi, Mehdi Khoobi, Mohammadreza Rouini, Maryam Dibaei, Ismaeil Haririan, Mohammad Reza Ganjali, Saeed Safaei
Theranostics with the ability to simultaneous monitoring of treatment progress and controlled delivery of therapeutic agents has become as an emerging therapeutic paradigm in cancer therapy. In this study, we have developed a novel surface functionalized iron oxide nanoparticle using polyethyleneimine (PEI) and glutathione (GSH) for targeted curcumin (CUR) delivery and acceptable pH sensitive character. The developed magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were physicochemically characterized by FT-IR, XRD, FE-SEM and TEM...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Yadong Zhang, Ming Li, Dong Liu, Xulian Hou, Jinglun Zou, Xiaotong Ma, Fanyi Shang, Zhaowen Wang
In this work, aluminum and iron existing in coal fly ash were extracted by method of hydrochloric acid leaching. Effects of solid-liquid ratio, reaction temperature, reaction time, acid concentration, and raw ash mesh on recovery efficiencies of Al2O3 and Fe2O3 were investigated. XRD analysis indicated that anhydrite, hematite, mullite and quartz were the dominant minerals in the raw fly ash sample. XRF technique was applied to determine the mass fractions of chemical components in the raw ash and leached residues, while the concentrations of Al2O3 and Fe2O3 in leaching solutions were measured by titration method...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Technology
Xuan Zhang, Xiaofeng Fang, Jiansheng Li, Shunlong Pan, Xiuyun Sun, Jinyou Shen, Weiqing Han, Lianjun Wang, Shuaifei Zhao
Arsenic-contaminated water has significant adverse impacts on human health and ecosystems. We developed a new adsorptive membrane by modifying the porous support layer of a phase inversion formed membrane for arsenic removal. Iron oxide (Fe3O4) microspheres were immobilized in the support layer of the membrane by reverse filtration, followed by dopamine polymerization. The prepared adsorptive membrane was compared with a virgin membrane without Fe3O4 microspheres and a Fe3O4 blended membrane in terms of membrane structures and separation performance...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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