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Speech language impairment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457555/encoding-of-distributional-regularities-independent-of-markedness-evidence-from-unimpaired-speakers
#1
Matthew Goldrick
Romani, Galuzzi, Guariglia, and Goslin (Comparing phoneme frequency, age of acquisition and loss in aphasia: Implications for phonological universals. Cognitive Neuropsychology) used speech error data from individuals with acquired impairments to argue that independent from articulatory complexity, within-language distributional regularities influence the processing of sound structure in speech production. Converging evidence from unimpaired speakers is reviewed, focusing on speech errors in language production...
October 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454226/dysphagia-and-laryngeal-pathology-in-post-surgical-cardiothoracic-patients
#2
Anna Miles, Naomi McLellan, Rochelle Machan, David Vokes, Alexandra Hunting, Mary McFarlane, Jennifer Holmes, Kelly Lynn
PURPOSE: Cardiothoracic surgery is known to result in dysphagia and laryngeal injury. While prevalence has been explored, extent, trajectory and longevity of symptoms are poorly understood. This retrospective, observational study explored dysphagia and laryngeal injury in patients following cardiothoracic surgery referred for instrumental swallowing assessment. METHODS: Clinical notes and endoscopic recordings of 106 patients (age range 18-87yrs; mean 63yrs; SD 15yrs) (including 190 endoscopes) at one large tertiary centre were reviewed by two speech-language pathologists and a laryngologist...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450502/poor-speech-perception-is-not-a-core-deficit-of-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-preliminary-findings
#3
Jennifer Zuk, Jenya Iuzzini-Seigel, Kathryn Cabbage, Jordan R Green, Tiffany P Hogan
Purpose: Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is hypothesized to arise from deficits in speech motor planning and programming, but the influence of abnormal speech perception in CAS on these processes is debated. This study examined speech perception abilities among children with CAS with and without language impairment compared to those with language impairment, speech delay, and typically developing peers. Method: Speech perception was measured by discrimination of synthesized speech syllable continua that varied in frequency (/dɑ/-/ɡɑ/)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445122/deep-phenotyping-of-speech-and-language-skills-in-individuals-with-16p11-2-deletion
#4
Cristina Mei, Evelina Fedorenko, David J Amor, Amber Boys, Caitlyn Hoeflin, Peter Carew, Trent Burgess, Simon E Fisher, Angela T Morgan
Recurrent deletions of a ~600-kb region of 16p11.2 have been associated with a highly penetrant form of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). Yet prior findings have been based on a small, potentially biased sample using retrospectively collected data. We examine the prevalence of CAS in a larger cohort of individuals with 16p11.2 deletion using a prospectively designed assessment battery. The broader speech and language phenotype associated with carrying this deletion was also examined. 55 participants with 16p11...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429769/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-infants-with-esophageal-atresia-and-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#5
Wegdan Mawlana, Paul Zamiara, Hilary Lane, Margaret Marcon, Eveline Lapidus-Krol, Priscilla Pl Chiu, Aideen M Moore
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) is a complex disorder, and most outcome data are confined to mortality and feeding-related morbidities. Our objective was to examine mortality, growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes in a large recent cohort of infants with EA/TEF. METHODS: Single center study of EA/TEF infants referred from January 2000 to December 2015. Data collected included associated defects, neonatal morbidity and mortality and growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes at age 12-36months...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411008/manual-versus-automated-narrative-analysis-of-agrammatic-production-patterns-the-northwestern-narrative-language-analysis-and-computerized-language-analysis
#6
Chien-Ju Hsu, Cynthia K Thompson
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the outcomes of the manually coded Northwestern Narrative Language Analysis (NNLA) system, which was developed for characterizing agrammatic production patterns, and the automated Computerized Language Analysis (CLAN) system, which has recently been adopted to analyze speech samples of individuals with aphasia (a) for reliability purposes to ascertain whether they yield similar results and (b) to evaluate CLAN for its ability to automatically identify language variables important for detailing agrammatic production patterns...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409157/sentence-composition-ability-in-two-patients-with-non-fluent-agrammatic-variant-primary-progressive-aphasia
#7
Hiroyuki Watanabe, Minoru Matsuda, Shoko Ota, Toru Baba, Osamu Iizuka, Etsuro Mori
Agrammatism is one of the core clinical features of non-fluent/agrammatic variant primary progressive aphasia, and it has traditionally been considered the hallmark of non-fluent aphasia in Western countries. However, agrammatic speech may remain undetected in Japanese patients because of the agglutinative structure of the language and high flexibility in word order. In the present study, we aimed to analyze agrammatism in the speech production of Japanese patients with aphasia due to neurodegenerative disease using an anagram test generated by our laboratory...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384420/hearing-loss-before-and-after-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-in-testicular-cancer-survivors-a-longitudinal-study
#8
Hege S Haugnes, Niels Christian Stenklev, Marianne Brydøy, Olav Dahl, Tom Wilsgaard, Einar Laukli, Sophie D Fosså
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is a well-known long-term effect after cisplatin-based chemotherapy (CBCT) in testicular cancer survivors (TCS), but longitudinal data are sparse. We evaluate hearing loss and the impact of age in TCS treated with CBCT in this longitudinal study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-six TCS treated with CBCT 1980-1994 with audiograms (0.25-8 kHz) pre-chemotherapy (PRE) and at a follow-up survey (SURV) after median 10 years were included (cases)...
January 31, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383968/language-in-individuals-with-left-hemisphere-tumors-is-spontaneous-speech-analysis-comparable-to-formal-testing
#9
Adrià Rofes, Andrea Talacchi, Barbara Santini, Giampietro Pinna, Lyndsey Nickels, Roelien Bastiaanse, Gabriele Miceli
BACKGROUND: The relationship between spontaneous speech and formal language testing in people with brain tumors (gliomas) has been rarely studied. In clinical practice, formal testing is typically used, while spontaneous speech is less often evaluated quantitatively. However, spontaneous speech is quicker to sample and may be less prone to test/retest effects, making it a potential candidate for assessing language impairments when there is restricted time or when the patient is unable to undertake prolonged testing...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374284/well-being-and-resilience-in-children-with-speech-and-language-disorders
#10
Rena Lyons, Sue Roulstone
Purpose: Children with speech and language disorders are at risk in relation to psychological and social well-being. The aim of this study was to understand the experiences of these children from their own perspectives focusing on risks to their well-being and protective indicators that may promote resilience. Method: Eleven 9- to 12-year-old children (4 boys and 7 girls) were recruited using purposeful sampling. One participant presented with a speech sound disorder, 1 presented with both a speech and language disorder, and 9 with language disorders...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373610/don-t-speak-too-fast-processing-of-fast-rate-speech-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#11
Hélène Guiraud, Nathalie Bedoin, Sonia Krifi-Papoz, Vania Herbillon, Aurélia Caillot-Bascoul, Sibylle Gonzalez-Monge, Véronique Boulenger
BACKGROUND: Perception of speech rhythm requires the auditory system to track temporal envelope fluctuations, which carry syllabic and stress information. Reduced sensitivity to rhythmic acoustic cues has been evidenced in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI), impeding syllabic parsing and speech decoding. Our study investigated whether these children experience specific difficulties processing fast rate speech as compared with typically developing (TD) children. METHOD: Sixteen French children with SLI (8-13 years old) with mainly expressive phonological disorders and with preserved comprehension and 16 age-matched TD children performed a judgment task on sentences produced 1) at normal rate, 2) at fast rate or 3) time-compressed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366948/neural-representations-for-newly-learned-words-are-modulated-by-overnight-consolidation-reading-skill-and-age
#12
Nicole Landi, Jeffrey G Malins, Stephen J Frost, James Magnuson, Peter Molfese, Kayleigh Ryherd, Jay G Rueckl, William E Mencl, Kenneth R Pugh
Word learning depends not only on efficient online binding of phonological, orthographic and lexical information, but also on consolidation of new word representations into permanent lexical memory. Work on word learning under a variety of contexts indicates that reading and language skill impact facility of word learning in both print and speech. In addition, recent research finds that individuals with language impairments show deficits in both initial word form learning and in maintaining newly learned representations over time, implicating mechanisms associated with maintenance that may be driven by deficits in overnight consolidation...
January 20, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360947/anatomy-of-aphasia-revisited
#13
Julius Fridriksson, Dirk-Bart den Ouden, Argye E Hillis, Gregory Hickok, Chris Rorden, Alexandra Basilakos, Grigori Yourganov, Leonardo Bonilha
In most cases, aphasia is caused by strokes involving the left hemisphere, with more extensive damage typically being associated with more severe aphasia. The classical model of aphasia commonly adhered to in the Western world is the Wernicke-Lichtheim model. The model has been in existence for over a century, and classification of aphasic symptomatology continues to rely on it. However, far more detailed models of speech and language localization in the brain have been formulated. In this regard, the dual stream model of cortical brain organization proposed by Hickok and Poeppel is particularly influential...
January 17, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359305/providing-effective-speech-language-pathology-group-treatment-in-the-comprehensive-inpatient-rehabilitation-setting
#14
Christine Baron, Molly Holcombe, Candace van der Stelt
Group treatment is an integral part of speech-language pathology (SLP) practice. The majority of SLP literature concerns group treatment provided in outpatient settings. This article describes the goals, procedures, and benefits of providing quality SLP group therapy in the comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation (CIR) setting. Effective CIR groups must be designed with attention to type and severity of communication impairment, as well physical stamina of group members. Group leaders need to target individualized patient goals while creating a challenging, complex, and dynamic group context that supports participation by all group members...
February 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359303/contemporary-approaches-to-the-management-of-post-stroke-apraxia-of-speech
#15
Alexandra Basilakos
Apraxia of speech (AOS) is a motor speech disorder that disrupts the planning and programming of speech motor movements. In the acute stage of stroke recovery, AOS following unilateral (typically) left hemisphere stroke can occur alongside dysarthria, an impairment in speech execution and control, and/or aphasia, a higher-level impairment in language function. At this time, perceptual evaluation (the systematic, although subjective, description of speech and voice characteristics) is perhaps the only "gold standard" for differential diagnosis when it comes to motor speech disorders...
February 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358361/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-over-left-inferior-frontal-and-posterior-temporal-cortex-disrupts-gesture-speech-integration
#16
Wanying Zhao, Kevin Riggs, Igor Schindler, Henning Holle
Language and action naturally occur together in the form of co-speech gestures and there is now convincing evidence that listeners display a strong tendency to integrate semantic information from both domains during comprehension. A contentious question, however, has been which brain areas are causally involved in this integration process. In previous neuroimaging studies, left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and posterior middle temporal gyrus (pMTG) have emerged as candidate areas, however, it is currently not clear whether these areas are causally or merely epiphenomenally involved in gesture-speech integration...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353517/visual-spatial-cognition-in-children-using-aided-communication
#17
Kristine Stadskleiv, Beata Batorowicz, Munique Massaro, Hans van Balkom, Stephen von Tetzchner
Children with severe motor impairments are restricted in their manipulation and exploration of objects, but little is known about how such limitations influence cognitive development. This study investigated visual-constructional abilities in 75 children and adolescents, aged 5;0-15;11 (years;months), with severe speech impairments and no intellectual disabilities (aided group) and in 56 children and adolescents with typical development (reference group). Verbal comprehension, non-verbal reasoning, and visual-spatial perception were assessed with standardized tests...
January 22, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352208/abnormal-speech-motor-control-in-individuals-with-16p11-2-deletions
#18
Carly Demopoulos, Hardik Kothare, Danielle Mizuiri, Jennifer Henderson-Sabes, Brieana Fregeau, Jennifer Tjernagel, John F Houde, Elliott H Sherr, Srikantan S Nagarajan
Speech and motor deficits are highly prevalent (>70%) in individuals with the 600 kb BP4-BP5 16p11.2 deletion; however, the mechanisms that drive these deficits are unclear, limiting our ability to target interventions and advance treatment. This study examined fundamental aspects of speech motor control in participants with the 16p11.2 deletion. To assess capacity for control of voice, we examined how accurately and quickly subjects changed the pitch of their voice within a trial to correct for a transient perturbation of the pitch of their auditory feedback...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341346/a-systematic-review-and-classification-of-interventions-for-speech-sound-disorder-in-preschool-children
#19
REVIEW
Yvonne Wren, Sam Harding, Juliet Goldbart, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Multiple interventions have been developed to address speech sound disorder (SSD) in children. Many of these have been evaluated but the evidence for these has not been considered within a model which categorizes types of intervention. The opportunity to carry out a systematic review of interventions for SSD arose as part of a larger scale study of interventions for primary speech and language impairment in preschool children. AIMS: To review systematically the evidence for interventions for SSD in preschool children and to categorize them within a classification of interventions for SSD...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331093/sensitivity-to-audio-visual-synchrony-and-its-relation-to-language-abilities-in-children-with-and-without-asd
#20
Giulia Righi, Elena J Tenenbaum, Carolyn McCormick, Megan Blossom, Dima Amso, Stephen J Sheinkopf
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is often accompanied by deficits in speech and language processing. Speech processing relies heavily on the integration of auditory and visual information, and it has been suggested that the ability to detect correspondence between auditory and visual signals helps to lay the foundation for successful language development. The goal of the present study was to examine whether young children with ASD show reduced sensitivity to temporal asynchronies in a speech processing task when compared to typically developing controls, and to examine how this sensitivity might relate to language proficiency...
January 13, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
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