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Speech language impairment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203531/an-fmri-study-of-implicit-language-learning-in-developmental-language-impairment
#1
Elena Plante, Dianne Patterson, Michelle Sandoval, Christopher J Vance, Arve E Asbjørnsen
Individuals with developmental language impairment can show deficits into adulthood. This suggests that neural networks related to their language do not normalize with time. We examined the ability of 16 adults with and without impaired language to learn individual words in an unfamiliar language. Adults with impaired language were able to segment individual words from running speech, but needed more time to do so than their normal-language peers. ICA analysis of fMRI data indicated that adults with language impairment activate a neural network that is comparable to that of adults with normal language...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192818/-benefits-of-measures-to-promote-development-in-language-mathematics-and-singing-in-kindergardeners-analysis-of-data-collected-at-school-entrance-examination-in-the-county-of-biberach
#2
Ulrike Hart, Manfred Wildner, Daniela Krämer, Alexander Crispin
To evaluate the benefits of implementing measures to promote skills in the areas of language, mathematics and singing in kindergardeners by statistical analysis of data collected during the school entrance examination (ESU) of 4-5-year-old children from the county of Biberach. Study 1 employs multivariate regression analysis to analyse - in chronological order - the ESU data on 4 cohorts (2011-2014; n=7 148) of children of the Biberach county. Study 2 qualitatively compares identical data representative of the entire state of Baden-Württemberg (N=3×80 000) with the Biberach results...
February 13, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185206/what-you-don-t-know-can-hurt-you-the-risk-of-language-deprivation-by-impairing-sign-language-development-in-deaf-children
#3
Wyatte C Hall
A long-standing belief is that sign language interferes with spoken language development in deaf children, despite a chronic lack of evidence supporting this belief. This deserves discussion as poor life outcomes continue to be seen in the deaf population. This commentary synthesizes research outcomes with signing and non-signing children and highlights fully accessible language as a protective factor for healthy development. Brain changes associated with language deprivation may be misrepresented as sign language interfering with spoken language outcomes of cochlear implants...
February 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179469/lesion-localization-of-speech-comprehension-deficits-in-chronic-aphasia
#4
Sara B Pillay, Jeffrey R Binder, Colin Humphries, William L Gross, Diane S Book
OBJECTIVE: Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping (VLSM) was used to localize impairments specific to multiword (phrase and sentence) spoken language comprehension. METHODS: Participants were 51 right-handed patients with chronic left hemisphere stroke. They performed an auditory description naming (ADN) task requiring comprehension of a verbal description, an auditory sentence comprehension (ASC) task, and a picture naming (PN) task. Lesions were mapped using high-resolution MRI...
February 8, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168056/the-influence-of-speech-language-hearing-therapy-duration-on-the-degree-of-improvement-in-poststroke-language-impairment
#5
Hitoshi Hayashi, Eisaku Okada, Yosuke Shibata, Mieko Nakamura, Toshiyuki Ojima
Background. The relevance of speech-language-hearing therapy (ST) duration to language impairment remains unclear. Objective. To determine the effect of ST duration on improvement in language impairment as a stroke sequela and to compare the findings with those for occupational therapy (OT) and physical therapy (PT). Methods. Data regarding patients with stroke sequelae who were registered in the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine database were analyzed. Propensity scores for ST, OT, and PT duration were calculated using logistic regression, followed by inverse probability weighting in generalized estimating equations to examine the odds ratio for improvement in the Functional Independence Measures scores for comprehension, expression, and memory...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167642/what-can-large-population-based-birth-cohort-study-ask-about-past-present-and-future-of-children-with-disorders-of-development-learning-and-behaviour
#6
Slavica K Katusic, Robert C Colligan, Scott M Myers, Robert G Voigt, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Ruth E Stoeckel, Amy L Weaver
A large cohort consisting of all children born to mothers from community provides 'natural' selection into different exposures and is a powerful resource for epidemiological research. A large population-based birth cohort with detailed systematic information already recorded, as part of longitudinal medical care, historical and current school data, detailed birth certificate data and all three resources available for every member of the birth cohort, are extremely rare. Our population-based birth cohort consists of all children born between 1976 and 2000 to mothers residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, at the time of child's birth (N=39 890)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166549/prior-history-of-feeding-swallowing-difficulties-in-children-with-language-impairment
#7
Kathy Malas, Natacha Trudeau, Marie-Claude Giroux, Lisanne Gauthier, Simone Poulin, David H McFarland
Purpose: This study updated and extended our previous investigation (Malas et al., 2015) of feeding-swallowing difficulties and concerns (FSCs) in children with language impairments (LI) by using more stringent inclusion criteria and targeting children earlier in the care delivery pathway. Method: Retrospective analyses were performed on the clinical files of 29 children (average age: 60 months, SD = 9.0) diagnosed as having LI using standardized testing, nonstandardized testing and final speech-language pathologist judgment...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163193/the-neuropathological-signature-of-bulbar-onset-als-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
S Shellikeri, V Karthikeyan, R Martino, S E Black, L Zinman, J Keith, Y Yunusova
ALS is a multisystem disorder affecting cognitive and motor functions. Bulbar-onset ALS (bALS) may be preferentially associated with language/cognitive impairments, compared with spinal-onset ALS (sALS), stemming from a potentially unique neuropathology. The objective of this systematic review was to compare neuropathology reported for bALS and sALS subtypes in studies of cadaveric brains. Using Cochrane guidelines, we reviewed articles in MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO databases using standardized search terms for ALS and neuropathology, from inception until July 16th 2016...
February 2, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148630/dysarthria-and-broader-motor-speech-deficits-in-dravet-syndrome
#9
Samantha J Turner, Amy Brown, Marta Arpone, Vicki Anderson, Angela T Morgan, Ingrid E Scheffer
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the oral motor, speech, and language phenotype in 20 children and adults with Dravet syndrome (DS) associated with mutations in SCN1A. METHODS: Fifteen verbal and 5 minimally verbal DS patients with SCN1A mutations (aged 15 months-28 years) underwent a tailored assessment battery. RESULTS: Speech was characterized by imprecise articulation, abnormal nasal resonance, voice, and pitch, and prosody errors. Half of verbal patients had moderate to severely impaired conversational speech intelligibility...
February 1, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147381/speech-language-pathologists-use-of-hearing-screening-for-clients-with-aphasia-challenges-potential-solutions-and-future-directions
#10
JoAnn P Silkes, Kaitlin Winterstein
Purpose: The co-occurrence of aphasia and hearing loss can lead to compounded receptive communication impairment that is significantly worse than in either disorder alone. Therefore, identifying potential hearing loss is a critical part of communication assessment for clients with neurogenic communication disorders, many of whom have aphasia. This clinical focus article explores speech language pathologists' (SLPs') hearing-screening practices with this population, identifies patterns of concern, and presents potential solutions and future research needs...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141716/apraxia-autism-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-do-we-have-a-new-spectrum
#11
Jayna Schumacher, Kristine E Strand, Marilyn Augustyn
Gio is a bilingual 6-year 10-month-old boy new to your practice who presents for an unscheduled visit with concerns for speech and language delay. He was born in Portugal, and his native language is Portuguese. When he was 21 months old, his family moved to Italy and then moved to the United States 3 years later. He had very little contact with other children while living in Italy, but his parents report that he has made friends quickly in the United States. His family speaks Portuguese at home, although his father is fluent in English...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131520/temporal-plasticity-in-auditory-cortex-improves-neural-discrimination-of-speech-sounds
#12
Crystal T Engineer, Jai A Shetake, Navzer D Engineer, Will A Vrana, Jordan T Wolf, Michael P Kilgard
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with language learning impairments exhibit temporal processing deficits and degraded neural responses to speech sounds. Auditory training can improve both the neural and behavioral deficits, though significant deficits remain. Recent evidence suggests that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) paired with rehabilitative therapies enhances both cortical plasticity and recovery of normal function. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: We predicted that pairing VNS with rapid tone trains would enhance the primary auditory cortex (A1) response to unpaired novel speech sounds...
January 11, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130919/the-development-of-extremely-premature-infants
#13
Wolfgang Voss, Elke Hobbiebrunken, Uta Ungermann, Michael Wagner, Gabriele Damm
BACKGROUND: Until now, there has been no comprehensive long-term study in Germany on the development of extremely premature infants up to school age. METHODS: From October 2004 to September 2008, in the German federal state of Lower Saxony, 437 infants born at a gestational age less than 28 weeks were followed up at the ages of 2 and 5 years, and some at the age of 10 years. The 5-year follow-up data were collated with the peri- and neonatological parameters and compared with the 2- and 10-year follow-up data...
December 26, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124434/speech-and-language-adverse-effects-after-thalamotomy-and-deep-brain-stimulation-in-patients-with-movement-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Soha Alomar, Nicolas K K King, Joseph Tam, Ausaf A Bari, Clement Hamani, Andres M Lozano
BACKGROUND: The thalamus has been a surgical target for the treatment of various movement disorders. Commonly used therapeutic modalities include ablative and nonablative procedures. A major clinical side effect of thalamic surgery is the appearance of speech problems. OBJECTIVE: This review summarizes the data on the development of speech problems after thalamic surgery. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed using nine databases, including Medline, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library...
January 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121021/interventions-for-dysarthria-due-to-stroke-and-other-adult-acquired-non-progressive-brain-injury
#15
REVIEW
Claire Mitchell, Audrey Bowen, Sarah Tyson, Zoe Butterfint, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Dysarthria is an acquired speech disorder following neurological injury that reduces intelligibility of speech due to weak, imprecise, slow and/or unco-ordinated muscle control. The impact of dysarthria goes beyond communication and affects psychosocial functioning. This is an update of a review previously published in 2005. The scope has been broadened to include additional interventions, and the title amended accordingly. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions to improve dysarthric speech following stroke and other non-progressive adult-acquired brain injury such as trauma, infection, tumour and surgery...
January 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120639/cognitive-skills-affect-outcome-of-ci-in-children-a-systematic-review
#16
Nichlas Udholm, Anders W Jørgensen, Therese Ovesen
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review previous literature to determine to what extent hearing- impaired children with cognitive disabilities benefit from cochlear implantation (CI). Ultimately, to recommend guidelines for preoperative cognitive testing of hearing- impaired children and for the postoperative rehabilitation programs. METHODS: Pubmed, Cinahl, Embase, and The Cochrane Library was searched systematically for studies reporting cognitive disabilities in CI children...
January 25, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114615/hearing-auditory-processing-and-language-skills-of-male-youth-offenders-and-remandees-in-youth-justice-residences-in-new-zealand
#17
Sarah A Lount, Suzanne C Purdy, Linda Hand
Purpose: International evidence suggests youth offenders have greater difficulties with oral language than their nonoffending peers. This study examined the hearing, auditory processing, and language skills of male youth offenders and remandees (YORs) in New Zealand. Method: Thirty-three male YORs, aged 14-17 years, were recruited from 2 youth justice residences, plus 39 similarly aged male students from local schools for comparison. Testing comprised tympanometry, self-reported hearing, pure-tone audiometry, 4 auditory processing tests, 2 standardized language tests, and a nonverbal intelligence test...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113106/cohesive-and-coherent-connected-speech-deficits-in-mild-stroke
#18
Megan S Barker, Breanne Young, Gail A Robinson
Spoken language production theories and lesion studies highlight several important prelinguistic conceptual preparation processes involved in the production of cohesive and coherent connected speech. Cohesion and coherence broadly connect sentences with preceding ideas and the overall topic. Broader cognitive mechanisms may mediate these processes. This study aims to investigate (1) whether stroke patients without aphasia exhibit impairments in cohesion and coherence in connected speech, and (2) the role of attention and executive functions in the production of connected speech...
January 20, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109501/the-clinical-examination-of-non-word-repetition-tasks-in-identifying-persian-speaking-children-with-primary-language-impairment
#19
Yalda Kazemi, Soodeh Saeednia
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the diagnostic accuracy of a non-word repetition (NWR) test in identifying Persian-speaking preschool children with specific/primary language impairment (PLI). Children with PLI show consistently poorer performance in non-word repetition tasks than their typically developing language (TDL) counterparts. It is assumed that the ability to repeat non-words triggers language skills and that the absence of this ability may be responsible for language impairment in PLI children...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#20
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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