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Speech language impairment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433347/phonological-and-semantic-processing-during-comprehension-in-wernicke-s-aphasia-an-n400-and-phonological-mapping-negativity-study
#1
Holly Robson, Emma Pilkington, Louise Evans, Vincent Deluca, James L Keidel
Comprehension impairments in Wernicke's aphasia are thought to result from a combination of impaired phonological and semantic processes. However, the relationship between these cognitive processes and language comprehension has only been inferred through offline neuropsychological tasks. This study used ERPs to investigate phonological and semantic processing during online single word comprehension. EEG was recorded in a group of Wernicke's aphasia n=8 and control participants n=10 while performing a word-picture verification task...
April 19, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425762/the-evaluation-of-bulbar-dysfunction-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-survey-of-clinical-practice-patterns-in-the-united-states
#2
Emily K Plowman, Lauren C Tabor, James Wymer, Gary Pattee
OBJECTIVE: Speech and swallowing impairments are highly prevalent in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and contribute to reduced quality of life, malnutrition, aspiration, pneumonia and death. Established practice parameters for bulbar dysfunction in ALS do not currently exist. The aim of this study was to identify current practice patterns for the evaluation of speech and swallowing function within participating Northeast ALS clinics in the United States. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 15-item survey was emailed to all registered NEALS centres...
April 20, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406683/evaluating-the-sources-and-functions-of-gradiency-in-phoneme-categorization-an-individual-differences-approach
#3
Efthymia C Kapnoula, Matthew B Winn, Eun Jong Kong, Jan Edwards, Bob McMurray
During spoken language comprehension listeners transform continuous acoustic cues into categories (e.g., /b/ and /p/). While long-standing research suggests that phonetic categories are activated in a gradient way, there are also clear individual differences in that more gradient categorization has been linked to various communication impairments such as dyslexia and specific language impairments (Joanisse, Manis, Keating, & Seidenberg, 2000; López-Zamora, Luque, Álvarez, & Cobos, 2012; Serniclaes, Van Heghe, Mousty, Carré, & Sprenger-Charolles, 2004; Werker & Tees, 1987)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396630/eeg-error-prediction-as-a-solution-for-combining-the-advantages-of-retrieval-practice-and-errorless-learning
#4
Ellyn A Riley, Dennis J McFarland
Given the frequency of naming errors in aphasia, a common aim of speech and language rehabilitation is the improvement of naming. Based on evidence of significant word recall improvements in patients with memory impairments, errorless learning methods have been successfully applied to naming therapy in aphasia; however, other evidence suggests that although errorless learning can lead to better performance during treatment sessions, retrieval practice may be the key to lasting improvements. Task performance may vary with brain state (e...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395359/speech-inconsistency-in-children-with-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-language-impairment-and-speech-delay-depends-on-the-stimuli
#5
Jenya Iuzzini-Seigel, Tiffany P Hogan, Jordan R Green
Purpose: The current research sought to determine (a) if speech inconsistency is a core feature of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) or if it is driven by comorbid language impairment that affects a large subset of children with CAS and (b) if speech inconsistency is a sensitive and specific diagnostic marker that can differentiate between CAS and speech delay. Method: Participants included 48 children ranging between 4;7 to 17;8 (years;months) with CAS (n = 10), CAS + language impairment (n = 10), speech delay (n = 10), language impairment (n = 9), or typical development (n = 9)...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395304/commentary-on-reading-comprehension-is-not-a-single-ability-implications-for-child-language-intervention
#6
Teresa A Ukrainetz
Purpose: This commentary responds to the implications for child language intervention of Catts and Kamhi's (2017) call to move from viewing reading comprehension as a single ability to recognizing it as a complex constellation of reader, text, and activity. Method: Reading comprehension, as Catts and Kamhi explain, is very complicated. In this commentary, I consider how comprehension has been taught and the directions in which it is moving. I consider how speech-language pathologists (SLPs), with their distinctive expertise and resources, can contribute to effective reading comprehension instruction...
April 20, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390599/medial-olivocochlear-function-in-children-with-poor-speech-in-noise-performance-and-language-disorder
#7
Caroline Nunes Rocha-Muniz, Renata Mota Mamede Carvallo, Eliane Schochat
OBJECTIVES: Contralateral masking of transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions is a phenomenon that suggests an inhibitory effect of the olivocochlear efferent auditory pathway. Many studies have been inconclusive in demonstrating a clear connection between this system and a behavioral speech-in-noise listening skill. The purpose of this study was to investigate the activation of a medial olivocochlear (MOC) efferent in children with poor speech-in-noise (PSIN) performance and children with language impairment and PSIN (SLI + PSIN)...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385064/the-assessment-of-language-and-the-emergence-from-disorders-of-consciousness
#8
Amy Pundole, Sarah Crawford
In order to demonstrate emergence from a disorder of consciousness (DoC) an individual is currently required to demonstrate functional object use of two objects, or functional communication defined as accurately answering six yes/no questions on two consecutive occasions (Giacino et al., 2002 ). In practice, experienced speech and language therapists (SLTs) working with this group often focus on facilitating object use or employ other language tasks, since achieving a 100% accurate yes/no response can be difficult for patients following an extensive brain injury due to language and/or cognitive impairments...
April 6, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382120/outcomes-of-late-implantation-in-usher-syndrome-patients
#9
Ana Cristina H Hoshino, Agustina Echegoyen, Maria Valéria Schmidt Goffi-Gomez, Robinson Koji Tsuji, Ricardo Ferreira Bento
Introduction Usher syndrome (US) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hearing loss and progressive visual impairment. Some deaf Usher syndrome patients learn to communicate using sign language. During adolescence, as they start losing vision, they are usually referred to cochlear implantation as a salvage for their new condition. Is a late implantation beneficial to these children? Objective The objective of this study is to describe the outcomes of US patients who received cochlear implants at a later age...
April 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348524/recovery-of-sentence-production-processes-following-language-treatment-in-aphasia-evidence-from-eyetracking
#10
Jennifer E Mack, Michaela Nerantzini, Cynthia K Thompson
Introduction: Sentence production impairments in aphasia often improve with treatment. However, little is known about how cognitive processes supporting sentence production, such as sentence planning, are impacted by treatment. Methods: The present study used eyetracking to examine changes in sentence production resulting from a 12-week language treatment program focused on passive sentences (Treatment of Underlying Forms (TUF); Thompson and Shapiro, 2005). In two pre-treatment and two post-treatment sessions, nine participants with mild-to-moderate agrammatic aphasia performed a structural priming task, which involved repeating primed sentences (actives or passives) and then, using the same verb, producing sentences describing pictured events...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326896/investigating-the-effect-of-regional-native-accents-on-sentence-comprehension-in-children-with-language-impairment
#11
Pauline Frizelle, Jennifer Harte, Paul Fletcher, Fiona Gibbon
PURPOSE: Research has shown that accent variation can affect typically developing (TD) children's understanding of language, as well as that of children with speech difficulties, neuro-typical adults and those with aphasia and dementia. This study aims to investigate the effect of regional native accents on sentence comprehension in children with language impairment (LI), an area not previously explored. METHOD: Forty-three children with LI (mean age 6.04) and forty-five younger TD children (mean age 4...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321888/specific-language-impairment-is-associated-with-maternal-and-family-factors
#12
F B Diepeveen, P van Dommelen, A M Oudesluys-Murphy, P H Verkerk
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with specific language impairment (SLI). METHODS: In a nested case-control design, 253 children attending special needs schools for severe speech and language difficulties in the Netherlands were matched for sex and date of birth with 253 children attending mainstream education. Data on perinatal, maternal and family issues were retrieved from well-child care files registered shortly after birth. RESULTS: Children with SLI had younger mothers than children in the control group (mean 30 years 9 months vs...
March 20, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321196/connected-speech-in-neurodegenerative-language-disorders-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Veronica Boschi, Eleonora Catricalà, Monica Consonni, Cristiano Chesi, Andrea Moro, Stefano F Cappa
Language assessment has a crucial role in the clinical diagnosis of several neurodegenerative diseases. The analysis of extended speech production is a precious source of information encompassing the phonetic, phonological, lexico-semantic, morpho-syntactic, and pragmatic levels of language organization. The knowledge about the distinctive linguistic variables identifying language deficits associated to different neurodegenerative diseases has progressively improved in the last years. However, the heterogeneity of such variables and of the way they are measured and classified limits any generalization and makes the comparison among studies difficult...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314458/facilitating-transition-from-high-school-and-special-education-to-adult-life-focus-on-youth-with-learning-disorders-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-speech-language-impairments
#14
REVIEW
Lee I Ascherman, Julia Shaftel
Youth with learning disorders, speech/language disorders, and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may experience significant struggles during the transition from high school to postsecondary education and employment. These disorders often occur in combination or concurrently with behavioral and emotional difficulties. Incomplete evaluation may not fully identify the factors underlying academic and personal challenges. This article reviews these disorders, the role of special education law for transitional age youth in public schools, and the Americans with Disabilities Act in postsecondary educational and employment settings...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296973/quantitative-analysis-of-disfluency-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-or-language-impairment
#15
Heather MacFarlane, Kyle Gorman, Rosemary Ingham, Alison Presmanes Hill, Katina Papadakis, Géza Kiss, Jan van Santen
Deficits in social communication, particularly pragmatic language, are characteristic of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Speech disfluencies may serve pragmatic functions such as cueing speaking problems. Previous studies have found that speakers with ASD differ from typically developing (TD) speakers in the types and patterns of disfluencies they produce, but fail to provide sufficiently detailed characterizations of the methods used to categorize and quantify disfluency, making cross-study comparison difficult...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292606/speech-language-and-reading-skills-in-10-year-old-children-with-palatal-clefts-the-impact-of-additional-conditions
#16
Kristin Billaud Feragen, Ragnhild Aukner, Tone K Særvold, Øydis Hide
BACKGROUND: This study examined speech (hypernasality and intelligibility), language, and reading skills in children with a cleft palate, specifically investigating additional conditions to the cleft, in order to differentiate challenges related to a cleft only, and challenges associated with an additional condition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data collected during routine assessments of speech and language in a centralised treatment setting. PARTICIPANTS: Children born with cleft with palatal involvement from four birth cohorts (n=184), aged 10...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290724/can-a-teacher-reported-indicator-be-used-for-population-monitoring-of-oral-language-skills-at-school-entry
#17
Sarah Gray, Amanda Kvalsvig, Meredith O'Connor, Elodie O'Connor, Emily Incledon, Joanne Tarasuik, Sharon Goldfeld
PURPOSE: Monitoring oral language skills at the population level would provide valuable data to inform policy decisions to better support children's oral language skills in schools. The Australian Early Development Census (AEDC) is a teacher-rated population measure of early child development that includes a rating of children's oral communication in the classroom (OCC). METHOD: This study evaluates the validity of the OCC indicator for population monitoring of children's oral language skills, capitalising on data from two datasets: the 2012 AEDC cohort (n = 289 973) and a subsample of children from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children for whom AEDC data were also collected (n = 720)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290234/preliminary-validation-study-of-the-russian-birmingham-cognitive-screen
#18
E Kuzmina, G W Humphreys, M J Riddoch, A A Skvortsov, B S Weekes
INTRODUCTION: The Birmingham Cognitive Screen (BCoS) is designed for use with individuals who have acquired language impairment following stroke. Our goal was to develop a Russian version of the BCoS (Rus-BCoS) by translating the battery following cultural and linguistic adaptations and establishing preliminary data on its psychometric properties. METHOD: Fifty patients with left-hemisphere stroke were recruited, of whom 98% were diagnosed with mild to moderate aphasia...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270574/mild-cognitive-impairment-is-characterized-by-deficient-brainstem-and-cortical-representations-of-speech
#19
Gavin M Bidelman, Jill E Lowther, Sunghee H Tak, Claude Alain
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is recognized as a transitional phase in the progression toward more severe forms of dementia and is an early precursor to Alzheimer's disease. Previous neuroimaging studies reveal MCI is associated with aberrant sensory-perceptual processing in cortical brain regions subserving auditory and language function. However, whether the pathophysiology of MCI extends to speech processing prior to conscious awareness (brainstem) is unknown. Using a novel electrophysiological approach, we recorded both brainstem and cortical speech-evoked brain potentials (ERPs) in older, hearing-matched human listeners who did and did not present with subtle cognitive impairment revealed through behavioral neuropsychological testing...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241283/the-german-focus-on-the-outcomes-of-communication-under-six-focus-g-reliability-and-validity-of-a-novel-assessment-of-communicative-participation
#20
Sandra Neumann, Sandra Salm, Christian Rietz, Prisca Stenneken
Purpose: Our purpose was to explore the validity and reliability of the German Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (FOCUS-G; Thomas-Stonell, Oddson, Robertson, & Rosenbaum, 2010, 2012), which is an authorized adaptation of the Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (Thomas-Stonell et al., 2010) tool, which measures communicative participation in preschool children. Method: Parents of typically developing children (TDC) and of children with speech impairment (CSI) completed the FOCUS-G and the Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children (KiddyKINDL; Ravens-Sieberer & Bullinger, 2000)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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