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Speech language impairment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933109/functional-characterization-of-rare-foxp2-variants-in-neurodevelopmental-disorder
#1
Sara B Estruch, Sarah A Graham, Swathi M Chinnappa, Pelagia Deriziotis, Simon E Fisher
BACKGROUND: Heterozygous disruption of FOXP2 causes a rare form of speech and language impairment. Screens of the FOXP2 sequence in individuals with speech/language-related disorders have identified several rare protein-altering variants, but their phenotypic relevance is often unclear. FOXP2 encodes a transcription factor with a forkhead box DNA-binding domain, but little is known about the functions of protein regions outside this domain. METHODS: We performed detailed functional analyses of seven rare FOXP2 variants found in affected cases, including three which have not been previously characterized, testing intracellular localization, transcriptional regulation, dimerization, and interaction with other proteins...
2016: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925608/active-music-therapy-and-physical-improvements-from-rehabilitation-for-neurological-conditions
#2
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919475/language-disorders-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Stéphanie Renauld, Lyakout Mohamed-Saïd, Joël Macoir
BACKGROUND: Although cognitive impairments are common in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), language impairments are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review was to examine the presence and nature of language disorders associated with MS. METHOD: A search of PubMed and PsycINFO databases was conducted using combinations of the following terms: language disorders, language pathology, language impairment, multiple sclerosis, communication, language and speech...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904489/speech-and-language-therapy-for-aphasia-following-subacute-stroke
#4
Engin Koyuncu, Pınar Çam, Nermin Altınok, Duygu Ekinci Çallı, Tuba Yarbay Duman, Neşe Özgirgin
The aim of this study was to investigate the time window, duration and intensity of optimal speech and language therapy applied to aphasic patients with subacute stroke in our hospital. The study consisted of 33 patients being hospitalized for stroke rehabilitation in our hospital with first stroke but without previous history of speech and language therapy. Sixteen sessions of impairment-based speech and language therapy were applied to the patients, 30-60 minutes per day, 2 days a week, for 8 successive weeks...
October 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900753/-issues-related-to-screening-and-caring-for-newborns-with-hearing-impairments
#5
Mei-Show Liou, Ying Tsao
The critical period for auditory development in humans begins at around the 20th gestational week and continues until 3 years of age. Both genetic and environmental factors are known to cause impaired hearing. Without early identification and intervention, hearing-impaired children face a high risk of experiencing significant difficulties with speech and language development, social behavior, and emotional functioning. Two types of commonly used hearing screening technologies include transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (aABR)...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893232/narrative-production-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-and-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-similarities-and-differences
#6
Sanne J M Kuijper, Catharina A Hartman, Suzanne T M Bogaerds-Hazenberg, Petra Hendriks
The present study focuses on the similarities and differences in language production between children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In addition, we investigated whether Theory of Mind (ToM), working memory, and response inhibition are associated with language production. Narratives, produced by 106 Dutch-speaking children (36 with ASD, 34 with ADHD, and 36 typically developing) aged 6 to 12 during ADOS assessment, were examined on several linguistic measures: verbal productivity, speech fluency, syntactic complexity, lexical semantics, and discourse pragmatics...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884866/a-case-of-specific-language-impairment-in-a-deaf-signer-of-american-sign-language
#7
David Quinto-Pozos, Jenny L Singleton, Peter C Hauser
This article describes the case of a deaf native signer of American Sign Language (ASL) with a specific language impairment (SLI). School records documented normal cognitive development but atypical language development. Data include school records; interviews with the child, his mother, and school professionals; ASL and English evaluations; and a comprehensive neuropsychological and psychoeducational evaluation, and they span an approximate period of 7.5 years (11;10-19;6) including scores from school records (11;10-16;5) and a 3...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882295/neuroanatomical-correlates-of-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-a-connectomic-approach
#8
Simona Fiori, Andrea Guzzetta, Jhimli Mitra, Kerstin Pannek, Rosa Pasquariello, Paola Cipriani, Michela Tosetti, Giovanni Cioni, Stephen E Rose, Anna Chilosi
Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a paediatric speech sound disorder in which precision and consistency of speech movements are impaired. Most children with idiopathic CAS have normal structural brain MRI. We hypothesize that children with CAS have altered structural connectivity in speech/language networks compared to controls and that these altered connections are related to functional speech/language measures. Whole brain probabilistic tractography, using constrained spherical deconvolution, was performed for connectome generation in 17 children with CAS and 10 age-matched controls...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867345/language-impairment-resulting-from-a-de-novo-deletion-of-7q32-1q33
#9
María S Jiménez-Romero, Montserrat Barcos-Martínez, Isabel Espejo-Portero, Antonio Benítez-Burraco
We report on a girl who presents with hearing loss, behavioral disturbances (according to the Inventory for Client and Agency Planning) as well as motor and cognitive delay (according to Battelle Developmental Inventories) which have a significant impact on her speech and language abilities [according to the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (ed 3), and the Prueba de Lenguaje Oral de Navarra-Revisada (Navarra Oral Language Test, Revised)]. Five copy number variations (CNVs) were identified in the child: arr[hg18] 7q32...
October 2016: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859986/effectiveness-of-1-1-speech-and-language-therapy-for-older-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#10
Susan H Ebbels, Lisa Wright, Sally Brockbank, Caroline Godfrey, Catherine Harris, Hannah Leniston, Kate Neary, Hilary Nicoll, Lucy Nicoll, Jackie Scott, Nataša Marić
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the effectiveness of therapy for older children with (developmental) language disorder (DLD), and particularly those with receptive language impairments, is very limited. The few existing studies have focused on particular target areas, but none has looked at a whole area of a service. AIMS: To establish whether for students with (developmental) language disorder attending a specialist school, 1:1 intervention with an SLT during one school term improves performance on targeted areas, compared with untreated control areas...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856480/dysarthria-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-protocol-for-a-binational-cross-sectional-case-controlled-study-in-french-and-european-portuguese-fralusopark
#11
Serge Pinto, Rita Cardoso, Jasmin Sadat, Isabel Guimarães, Céline Mercier, Helena Santos, Cyril Atkinson-Clement, Joana Carvalho, Pauline Welby, Pedro Oliveira, Mariapaola D'Imperio, Sónia Frota, Alban Letanneux, Marina Vigario, Marisa Cruz, Isabel Pavão Martins, François Viallet, Joaquim J Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) have to deal with several aspects of voice and speech decline and thus alteration of communication ability during the course of the disease. Among these communication impairments, 3 major challenges include: (1) dysarthria, consisting of orofacial motor dysfunction and dysprosody, which is linked to the neurodegenerative processes; (2) effects of the pharmacological treatment, which vary according to the disease stage; and (3) particular speech modifications that may be language-specific, that is, dependent on the language spoken by the patients...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851795/health-related-quality-of-life-for-children-and-adolescents-with-specific-language-impairment-a-cohort-study-by-a-learning-disabilities-reference-center
#12
Gaëlle Hubert-Dibon, Marie Bru, Christèle Gras Le Guen, Elise Launay, Arnaud Roy
OBJECTIVES: To assess the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children with specific language impairment (SLI). STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective sample at a Learning Disabilities Reference Center, proxy-rated HRQOL (KIDSCREEN-27) was assessed for children with SLI and unaffected children from January 1, 2014 to March 31, 2015. Quality of life predictors for children with SLI were evaluated by recording the length and number of speech therapy and psychotherapy sessions and the specific school organization that the children had participated in...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848086/the-roles-of-cognitive-and-language-abilities-in-predicting-decoding-and-reading-comprehension-comparisons-of-dyslexia-and-specific-language-impairment
#13
Alexandra A Lauterbach, Yujeong Park, Linda J Lombardino
This study aimed to (a) explore the roles of cognitive and language variables in predicting reading abilities of two groups of individuals with reading disabilities (i.e., dyslexia and specific language impairment) and (b) examine which variable(s) is the most predictive in differentiating two groups. Inclusion/exclusion criteria applied to categorize the two groups yielded a total of 63 participants (n = 44 for the dyslexia; n = 19 for the specific language impairment). A stepwise multiple regression approach was conducted to examine which cognitive and/or language variables made the largest contribution to reading abilities (i...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847711/effects-of-cervical-kyphosis-on-recovery-from-dysphagia-after-stroke
#14
Suk Kyoung Kim, Sang Jun Mo, Won Sik Moon, Po Song Jun, Chung Reen Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of cervical kyphosis on the recovery of swallowing function in subacute stroke patients. METHODS: Baseline and 1-month follow-up videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSSs) of 51 stroke patients were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the cervical kyphosis (Cobb's angle <20°, n=27) and control (n=24) groups. The penetration-aspiration scale (PAS), American Speech-Language-Hearing Association National Outcomes Measurement System swallowing scale (ASHA NOMS), and videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale (VDS) were used to determine the severity of dysphagia...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810497/hippocampal-declarative-memory-supports-gesture-production-evidence-from-amnesia
#15
Caitlin Hilverman, Susan Wagner Cook, Melissa C Duff
Spontaneous co-speech hand gestures provide a visuospatial representation of what is being communicated in spoken language. Although it is clear that gestures emerge from representations in memory for what is being communicated (De Ruiter, 1998; Wesp, Hesse, Keutmann, & Wheaton, 2001), the mechanism supporting the relationship between gesture and memory is unknown. Current theories of gesture production posit that action - supported by motor areas of the brain - is key in determining whether gestures are produced...
December 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804897/mental-states-and-activities-in-danish-narratives-children-with-autism-and-children-with-language-impairment
#16
Elisabeth Engberg-Pedersen, Rikke Vang Christensen
This study focuses on the relationship between content elements and mental-state language in narratives from twenty-seven children with autism (ASD), twelve children with language impairment (LI), and thirty typically developing children (TD). The groups did not differ on chronological age (10;6-14;0) and non-verbal cognitive skills, and the groups with ASD and TD did not differ on language measures. The children with ASD and LI had fewer content elements of the storyline than the TD children. Compared with the TD children, the children with ASD used fewer subordinate clauses about the characters' thoughts, and preferred talking about mental states as reported speech, especially in the form of direct speech...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798948/optimizing-outcomes-following-total-and-subtotal-tongue-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-of-the-contemporary-literature
#17
Oscar J Manrique, Hyuma A Leland, Claude-Jean Langevin, Alex Wong, Joseph N Carey, Pedro Ciudad, Hung-Chi Chen, Ketan M Patel
BACKGROUND: More than 45,000 Americans are diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer annually and multimodal treatment often requires wide excision, lymphadenectomy, chemotherapy, and radiation. Total and subtotal lingual resection severely impairs speech, swallow, and quality of life (QoL). This study investigates functional outcomes and QoL following subtotal and total tongue resection with free tissue transfer reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the English language literature was performed using PubMed, Ovid, Embase, and Cochrane databases based on predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785593/communication-deficits-and-the-motor-system-exploring-patterns-of-associations-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#18
M Mody, A M Shui, L A Nowinski, S B Golas, C Ferrone, J A O'Rourke, C J McDougle
Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have notable difficulties in motor, speech and language domains. The connection between motor skills (oral-motor, manual-motor) and speech and language deficits reported in other developmental disorders raises important questions about a potential relationship between motor skills and speech-language deficits in ASD. To this end, we examined data from children with ASD (n = 1781), 2-17 years of age, enrolled in the Autism Speaks-Autism Treatment Network (AS-ATN) registry who completed a multidisciplinary evaluation that included diagnostic, physical, cognitive and behavioral assessments as part of a routine standard of care protocol...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762050/paediatric-tracheostomy-speaking-valves-our-experience-of-forty-two-children-with-an-adapted-passy-muir-%C3%A2-speaking-valve
#19
Charlotte Buswell, Jason Powell, Steven Powell
Paediatric tracheostomy can be a life saving procedure, but one with many unwanted effects, including a significant effect on phonation. This can range from reduced intensity and length of phonation to aphonia. This impairment has detrimental effects on a child's ability to express themselves, communicate with those around them, and ultimately may adversely impact on their speech and language development(1) . Rates of tracheostomy in children are increasing in many countries with improved healthcare(2) . This article is protected by copyright...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748664/processing-mechanisms-in-hearing-impaired-listeners-evidence-from-reaction-times-and-sentence-interpretation
#20
Rebecca Carroll, Verena Uslar, Thomas Brand, Esther Ruigendijk
OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to determine whether hearing impairment affects sentence comprehension beyond phoneme or word recognition (i.e., on the sentence level), and to distinguish grammatically induced processing difficulties in structurally complex sentences from perceptual difficulties associated with listening to degraded speech. Effects of hearing impairment or speech in noise were expected to reflect hearer-specific speech recognition difficulties. Any additional processing time caused by the sustained perceptual challenges across the sentence may either be independent of or interact with top-down processing mechanisms associated with grammatical sentence structure...
September 28, 2016: Ear and Hearing
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