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Speech language impairment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691944/developmental-performance-of-5-year-old-bulgarian-children-an-example-of-translational-neuroscience-in-practice
#1
Ralitsa Yordanova, Ivan Ivanov
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental testing is essential for early recognition of the various developmental impairments. The tools used should be composed of items that are age specific, adapted, and standardized for the population they are applied to. The achievements of neurosciences, medicine, psychology, pedagogy, etc. are applied in the elaboration of a comprehensive examination tool that should screen all major areas of development. The key age of 5 years permits identification of almost all major developmental disabilities leaving time for therapeutic intervention before school entrance...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669461/connected-speech-and-language-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease-a-review-of-picture-description-tasks
#2
Kimberly D Mueller, Bruce Hermann, Jonilda Mecollari, Lyn S Turkstra
INTRODUCTION: The neuropsychological profile of people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia includes a history of decline in memory and other cognitive domains, including language. While language impairments have been well described in AD dementia, language features of MCI are less well understood. Connected speech and language analysis is the study of an individual's spoken discourse, usually elicited by a target stimulus, the results of which can facilitate understanding of how language deficits typical of MCI and AD dementia manifest in everyday communication...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668026/nicu-graduates-the-role-of-the-allied-health-team-in-follow-up
#3
Jane L Orton, Joy E Olsen, Katherine Ong, Rochelle Lester, Alicia J Spittle
Infants who graduate from the neonatal intensive care unit, including those infants born preterm and/or with brain injury, are at increased risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. The developmental allied health team, consisting of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology, is crucial in early evaluation of gross motor, fine motor, feeding, and language development. Surveillance of neurodevelopment in the first year of life is essential to ensure early detection of specific developmental delays and impairments, and to ensure timely referral for early intervention...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625425/school-based-speech-language-pathologists-perspectives-on-diagnostic-decision-making
#4
Katrina Fulcher-Rood, Anny P Castilla-Earls, Jeff Higginbotham
Purpose: This study used a structured open interview approach to elicit information from school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) regarding their assessment practices for children with suspected language impairment. Method: Phone interviews were conducted with 39 school-based SLPs who were employed across the United States. The interviews explored assessment topics related to assessment tool selection and rationale and the integration of assessment data to determine treatment eligibility...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623841/changes-in-speech-chunking-in-reading-aloud-is-a-marker-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-to-moderate-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Celine De Looze, Finnian Kelly, Lisa Crosby, Aisling Vourdanou, Robert F Coen, Cathal Walsh, Brian A Lawlor, Richard B Reilly
BACKGROUND: Speech and language impairments, generally attributed to lexico-semantic deficits, have been documented in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study investigates the temporal organisation of speech (reflective of speech production planning) in reading aloud in relation to cognitive impairment, particularly working memory and attention deficits in MCI and AD. The discriminative ability of temporal features extracted from a newly designed read speech task is also evaluated for the detection of MCI and AD...
April 4, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621073/normalization-of-speech-processing-after-whole-vault-cranioplasty-in-sagittal-synostosis
#6
Carolyn Chuang, Max Rolison, Jenny F Yang, Eric D Brooks, Peter W Hashim, Roberto Travieso, Jordan Terner, Derek M Steinbacher, Nicole Landi, Katherine K M Stavropoulos, Linda C Mayes, John A Persing, James C McPartland
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive studies have found impairments in language-related abilities in nonsyndromic craniosynostosis, highlighting clinical importance of early language processing. In this study, neural response to speech sounds in infants with nonsyndromic sagittal craniosynostosis (NSC) is compared, preoperatively and postoperatively, using event-related potentials (ERPs) to objectively characterize development in language processing. METHODS: Electroencephalogram was recorded while 39 infants (12 NSC and 27 controls; ages 73-283 days) listened to the Hindi dental /da/ and retroflex /da/ phonemes (non-native phonemic discrimination task)...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609008/atypical-cortical-entrainment-to-speech-in-the-right-hemisphere-underpins-phonemic-deficits-in-dyslexia
#7
Giovanni M Di Liberto, Varghese Peter, Marina Kalashnikova, Usha Goswami, Denis Burnham, Edmund C Lalor
Developmental dyslexia is a multifaceted disorder of learning primarily manifested by difficulties in reading, spelling, and phonological processing. Neural studies suggest that phonological difficulties may reflect impairments in fundamental cortical oscillatory mechanisms. Here we examine cortical mechanisms in children (6-12 years of age) with or without dyslexia (utilising both age- and reading-level-matched controls) using electroencephalography (EEG). EEG data were recorded as participants listened to an audio-story...
March 30, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605368/differences-and-similarities-in-early-vocabulary-development-between-children-with-hearing-aids-and-children-with-cochlear-implant-enrolled-in-3-year-auditory-verbal-intervention
#8
Lone Percy-Smith, Maria Hallstrøm, Jane Lignel Josvassen, Jeanette Hølledig Mikkelsen, Lena Nissen, Eveline Dieleman, Per Cayé-Thomasen
OBJECTIVE: The overall objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of a Nordic Auditory Verbal (AV) intervention for children with all degrees and types of hearing impairment (HI) using all kinds of hearing technology. A first specific objective was to identify differences and similarities in early vocabulary development between children with cochlear implant (CI) compared with children with hearing aids (HAs)/Bone anchored hearing aids (Bahs) enrolled in a 3-year AVprogram, and to compare the group of children with HI to a control group of children with normal hearing (NH)...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593512/presbycusis-disrupts-spontaneous-activity-revealed-by-resting-state-functional-mri
#9
Yu-Chen Chen, Huiyou Chen, Liang Jiang, Fan Bo, Jin-Jing Xu, Cun-Nan Mao, Richard Salvi, Xindao Yin, Guangming Lu, Jian-Ping Gu
Purpose : Presbycusis, age-related hearing loss, is believed to involve neural changes in the central nervous system, which is associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment. The goal of this study was to determine if presbycusis disrupted spontaneous neural activity in specific brain areas involved in auditory processing, attention and cognitive function using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) approach. Methods : Hearing and resting-state fMRI measurements were obtained from 22 presbycusis patients and 23 age-, sex- and education-matched healthy controls...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588950/decreased-functional-connectivity-within-a-language-subnetwork-in-benign-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes
#10
Colm J McGinnity, Anna B Smith, Siti N Yaakub, Sofia Weidenbach Gerbase, Anya Gammerman, Adam L Tyson, Tiffany K Bell, Marwa Elmasri, Gareth J Barker, Mark P Richardson, Deb K Pal
Objective: Benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS, also known as Rolandic epilepsy) is a common epilepsy syndrome that is associated with literacy and language impairments. The neural mechanisms of the syndrome are not known. The primary objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that functional connectivity within the language network is decreased in children with BECTS. We also tested the hypothesis that siblings of children with BECTS have similar abnormalities. Methods: Echo planar magnetic resonance (MR) imaging data were acquired from 25 children with BECTS, 12 siblings, and 20 healthy controls, at rest...
June 2017: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587149/neurophysiological-and-cognitive-effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-three-girls-with-rett-syndrome-with-chronic-language-impairments
#11
Rosa Angela Fabio, Antonio Gangemi, Tindara Capri, Sarojini Budden, Alessandra Falzone
BACKGROUND: this study was based on both neurophysiological decelerated activity and communication deficits in Rett Syndrome (RTT). AIMS: the aim was to examine the neurophysiological and cognitive effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) in three girls with RTT with chronic language impairments. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: we proposed an integrated intervention: tDCS and cognitive empowerment applied to language in order to enhance speech production (new functional sounds and new words)...
March 24, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575355/family-aggregation-of-language-impairment-in-an-isolated-chilean-population-from-robinson-crusoe-island
#12
Zulema De Barbieri, María Angélica Fernández, Dianne F Newbury, Pía Villanueva
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the inhabitants of the Chilean Robinson Crusoe Island have an increased frequency of specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). AIMS: To explore the familial aggregation of DLD in this community. METHODS & PROCEDURES: We assessed the frequency of DLD amongst colonial children between the ages of 3 and 8;11 years (50 individuals from 45 nuclear families). Familial aggregation rates of language disorder were calculated by assessing all available first-degree relatives (n = 107, 77 parents, 25 siblings, five half-siblings) of the probands...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572915/developmental-conduction-aphasia-after-neonatal-stroke
#13
Gemma B Northam, Sophie Adler, Kathrin C J Eschmann, Wui K Chong, Frances M Cowan, Torsten Baldeweg
OBJECTIVE: Impairment of speech repetition following injury to the dorsal language stream is feature of conduction aphasia - a well-described 'disconnection syndrome' in adults. The impact of similar lesions sustained in infancy has not been established. METHODS: We compared language outcomes in term-born individuals with confirmed neonatal stroke (n=30; age: 7-18 years, left-sided lesions in 21 cases) to matched controls (n=40). Injury to the dorsal and/or ventral language streams was assessed using T1 - and T2 -weighted MRI and diffusion tractography...
March 23, 2018: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547746/modulation-of-the-dichotic-right-ear-advantage-during-bilateral-but-not-unilateral-transcranial-random-noise-stimulation
#14
Giulia Prete, Anita D'Anselmo, Luca Tommasi, Alfredo Brancucci
Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) has been increasingly adopted to modulate perceptual and cognitive functions, but the effects on auditory perception are still relatively uncharted. Starting from the evidence that a stronger right ear advantage effect (REA) in dichotic listening positively correlates with speech sound processing, the present study was aimed at modulating the REA by means of high-frequency transcranial Random Noise Stimulation (hf-tRNS). Stimulation was applied over the auditory cortex (AC) either unilaterally (Experiment 1, N = 50) or bilaterally (Experiment 2, N = 24) during a verbal dichotic listening task...
March 13, 2018: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540880/enabling-profound-hearing-impaired-children-to-articulate-words-using-lip-reading-through-software-application
#15
Lozina Shoaib, Sharifullah Khan, Muhammad Azeem Abbas, Ahmad Salman
OBJECTIVE: To mitigate the communication barriers of profound hearing-impaired children by enabling their word articulation ability. METHODS: This pre-experimental pilot study was conducted from September 2016 to March 2017 at the National Special Education Centre for Hearing Impaired Children, Islamabad, Pakistan, and comprised deaf children of both genders aged 5-8 years. A specially designed software application for lip-reading was employed to help the subjects articulate words...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538212/verbal-auditory-agnosia-in-a-patient-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#16
Jong Min Kim, Seung Beom Woo, Zeeihn Lee, Sung Jae Heo, Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: Verbal auditory agnosia is the selective inability to recognize verbal sounds. Patients with this disorder lose the ability to understand language, write from dictation, and repeat words with reserved ability to identify nonverbal sounds. However, to the best of our knowledge, there was no report about verbal auditory agnosia in adult patient with traumatic brain injury. PATIENT CONCERNS: He was able to clearly distinguish between language and nonverbal sounds, and he did not have any difficulty in identifying the environmental sounds...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535917/-i-felt-pain-deep-pain%C3%A2-experiences-of-primary-caregivers-of-stroke-survivors-with-aphasia-in-a-south-african-township
#17
Khetsiwe P Masuku, Munyane Mophosho, Muziwakhe Tshabalala
Background: Aphasia is an acquired impairment in language and in the cognitive processes that underlie language. Aphasia affects the quality of life of the person with aphasia (PWA) and his or her families in various ways in diverse contexts and cultures. It is therefore important that speech language therapists understand how different contextual and cultural factors may mediate experiences. Purpose: The aim of the study was to describe the caregiving experience of female caregivers of PWA residing in Tembisa, a township situated in the east of Johannesburg...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520325/olfactory-and-imaging-features-in-atypical-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Zhang Huihong, Wang Pan, Zhang Chunfeng, Wang Yan, Zhang Hui, Cai Li, Zhou Yuying
Objectives: Cognition and speech disorders are the most common symptoms of dementia in neurodegenerative disease. Here, we present a detailed clinical evaluation of a case of logopenic variant of primary progressive aphasia (lv-PPA), an atypical form of Alzheimer disease (AD), including cognitive testing over time, brain imaging, electrophysiology, and tests of olfactory function. Case report: We present the case of a 58-year-old man suffering from progressive language difficulties who was finally diagnosed with lv-PPA...
2018: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515485/personality-traits-of-profoundly-hearing-impaired-adolescents-with-cochlear-implants-a-comparison-with-normal-hearing-peers
#19
Merle Boerrigter, Anneke Vermeulen, Henri Marres, Margreet Langereis
The aim of this study was to compare the personality traits of adolescents with cochlear implants (CIs) to a reference group (normal-hearing peers). In the past, the personality development of hearing impaired adolescents was severely compromised. Improved speech perception with CI significantly increased their perspectives. In addition, differences between the reference group and CI users were investigated on personality traits according to level of speech perception skills (high/low) and level of language comprehension (adequate/poor)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513872/prevalence-of-communication-swallowing-and-orofacial-myofunctional-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-at-the-time-of-admission-at-a-cancer-hospital
#20
Kaliani Lima Coça, Anke Bergmann, Sima Ferman, Elisabete Carrara de Angelis, Márcia Gonçalves Ribeiro
PURPOSE: Describe the prevalence of communication, swallowing and orofacial myofunctional disorders in a group of children and adolescents at the time of registration at a cancer hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted with children aged ≥2 and adolescents, of both genders, admitted to the Pediatric Oncology Section of the Instituto Nacional de Câncer José de Alencar Gomes da Silva (INCA) from March 2014 to April 2015 for investigation and/or treatment of solid tumors...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
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