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Fuming Li, Zhipeng Chen, Ge Zhuang, Hai Liu, Lizhi Zhu
The fast reciprocating magnetic probe (FRMP) system is newly developed on the Joint Texas Experimental Tokamak (J-TEXT) to measure the local magnetic fluctuations at the plasma edge. The magnetic probe array in the FRMP consists of four 2-dimensional magnetic probes arranged at different radial locations to detect local poloidal and radial magnetic fields. These probes are protected by a graphite and boron nitride casing to improve the frequency response of each probe; they are mounted on the head of a movable rod, which is oriented along radial direction at the top of the torus...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Zhipeng Chen, Fuming Li, Ge Zhuang, Xiang Jian, Lizhi Zhu
The rectangular array of magnetic probes system was newly designed and installed in the torus on J-TEXT tokamak to measure the local magnetic fields outside the last closed flux surface at a single toroidal angle. In the implementation, the experimental results agree well with the theoretical results based on the Spool model and three-dimensional numerical finite element model when the vertical field was applied. Furthermore, the measurements were successfully used as the input of EFIT code to conduct the plasma equilibrium reconstruction...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Tadeusz Halatek, Magdalena Stanislawska, Irena Kaminska, Malgorzata Cieslak, Radoslaw Swiercz, Wojciech Wasowicz
Welding processes that generate fumes containing toxic metals, such as hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)), manganese (Mn), and nickel (Ni), have been implicated in lung injury, inflammation, and lung tumor promotion in animal models. The principal objective of this study was to determine the dynamics of toxic effects of inhalation exposure to morphologically rated welding dust from stainless steel welding and its soluble form in TSE System with a dynamic airflow. We assessed the pulmonary toxicity of welding dust in Wistar rats exposed to 60...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Dang Wu, Pin Wu, Fuming Qiu, Qichun Wei, Jian Huang
γδT cells are a conserved population of innate lymphocytes with diverse structural and functional heterogeneity that participate in various immune responses during tumor progression. γδT cells perform potent immunosurveillance by exerting direct cytotoxicity, strong cytokine production and indirect antitumor immune responses. However, certain γδT-cell subsets also contribute to tumor progression by facilitating cancer-related inflammation and immunosuppression. Here, we review recent observations regarding the antitumor and protumor roles of major structural and functional subsets of human γδT cells, describing how these subsets are activated and polarized, and how these events relate to subsequent function in tumor immunity...
November 28, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
Eun-Young Lee, Paul J Eslinger, Michael R Flynn, Daymond Wagner, Guangwei Du, Mechelle M Lewis, Lan Kong, Richard B Mailman, Xuemei Huang
OBJECTIVES: Welding fumes contain several metals including manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe) that may affect the nervous system. Previous studies of potential welding-related neurotoxicity have focused primarily on Mn exposure. The current study examined neurobehavioral and brain imaging changes in asymptomatic welders and their associations with both Mn and Fe exposure measurements. METHODS: Data were obtained from subjects with (n=46) and without (controls; n=31) a history of welding exposure...
November 18, 2016: Neurotoxicology
Carlos Eduardo Domingues Nazario, Bruno Henrique Fumes, Meire Ribeiro da Silva, Fernando Mauro Lanças
The analysis of biological samples is a complex and difficult task owing to two basic and complementary issues: the high complexity of most biological matrices and the need to determine minute quantities of active substances and contaminants in such complex sample. To succeed in this endeavor samples are usually subject to three steps of a comprehensive analytical methodological approach: sample preparation, analytes isolation (usually utilizing a chromatographic technique) and qualitative/quantitative analysis (usually with the aid of mass spectrometric tools)...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Yaolin Xu, Ruiqi Chang, Fulin Xu, Yan Gao, Fuming Yang, Can Wang, Jin Xiao, Zuopeng Su, Yongyan Bi, Liying Wang, Xiliang Zha
Cadherin is crucial for cell-cell adhesion and N-glycosylation of N-cadherin has been implicated in the process of mammary, renal, and ovarian carcinogenesis. However, whether N-glycosylation of N-cadherin plays a role in glioma remains unknown. Previous studies had indicated that N-glycosylation could occur at three asparagine residues of N-cadherin. By generating and over-expressing N-glycosylation-deficient N-cadherin mutants in the human glioma cell lines SHG66 and U87, we found that mutation of N402 but not of the other potentially N-glycosylated residues destabilized N-cadherin and led to its ubiquitylation and subsequent proteasomal degradation...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Amal Al-Lozi, Susan Searles Nielsen, Tamara Hershey, Angela Birke, Harvey Checkoway, Susan R Criswell, Brad A Racette
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to manganese (Mn) is a health concern in occupations such as welding because of well-established motor effects due to basal ganglia dysfunction. We hypothesized that cognitive control (the ability to monitor, manipulate, and regulate ongoing cognitive demands) would also be affected by chronic Mn exposure. METHODS: We examined the relationship between Mn exposure and cognitive control performance in 95 workers with varying intensity and duration (median 15...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Jürgen Wittsiepe, Torsten Feldt, Holger Till, Gerd Burchard, Michael Wilhelm, Julius N Fobil
Informal-level electronic waste (e-waste)-processing activities are performed at hotspots in developing countries such as India, China, and Ghana. These activities increase the ambient burden of heavy metals and contribute to the toxic exposure of the general population. However, few data exist on the internal exposure of populations involved in these informal activities and in close contact with fumes from the direct combustion of electronic waste products in these countries. Therefore, in a cross-sectional study design, we analyzed blood, urine, and hair samples from 75 e-waste workers residing in and/or working on a large e-waste recycling site in Agbogbloshie, Accra, Ghana, and compared the results against those of 40 individuals living in a suburb of Accra without direct exposure to e-waste recycling activities...
November 17, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Fulai Liang, Fugui Qi, Qiang An, Hao Lv, Fuming Chen, Zhao Li, Jianqi Wang
Remarkable progress has been achieved in the detection of single stationary human. However, restricted by the mutual interference of multiple humans (e.g., strong sidelobes of the torsos and the shadow effect), detection and localization of the multiple stationary humans remains a huge challenge. In this paper, ultra-wideband (UWB) multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) radar is exploited to improve the detection performance of multiple stationary humans for its multiple sight angles and high-resolution two-dimensional imaging capacity...
November 16, 2016: Sensors
Amina Abrar, Kausar Jamal Cheema, Samia Saif, Asim Mahmood
OBJECTIVE: The study focused on assessment of the health status of workers during construction phase of highway rehabilitation projects at six selected sites of N5 around Lahore, including Kala Shah Kaku, Muridke, Kamuki, Bhaipheru, Pattoki, and Okara. METHODS: The study was based on multi-methods approach involving hazard identification through survey and checklist as well as a questionnaire for health status assessment and measurements of health parameters including peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and audiometric screening of 300 subjects...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
Yunti Pu, Ping Ma, Zhao Qiao, Mingxiao Zhang, Zhongwen Lu, Fuming Qiu, Liang Lv
Ta<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>/SiO<sub>2</sub> quasi-rugate filters with high damage thresholds were deposited by ion-beam sputtering and then annealed at temperature of 200-800°C. The relations between microstructure, optical properties, chemical composition, weak absorption, and laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) were studied. It was found that the transmittance spectra shifted to short wavelength as the annealing temperature increased. Three evolution courses of the films in the annealing process were analyzed by Atomic Force microscopy (AFM), Zygo interferometer measurement and Focused Ion Beam microscope (FIB)...
October 3, 2016: Optics Express
Chi-Vinh Ngo, Doo-Man Chun
In this work, a new and facile dry printing method was developed for the direct fabrication of superhydrophobic patterns based on silica nanoparticles. Mixtures of hydrophobic fumed silica nanoparticles and toner powder were printed on paper and polymer sheets using a commercial laser printer to produce the superhydrophobic patterns. The mixing ratio of the toner powder (for the laser printer) to hydrophobic silica was also investigated to optimize both the printing quality and the superhydrophobicity of the printed areas...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
R Baumann, S Joraslafsky, A Markert, I Rack, S Davatgarbenam, V Kossack, B Gerhards, T Kraus, P Brand, M Gube
AIMS: Systemic C-reactive protein (CRP) increases 1day after short-term inhalation of welding fumes containing zinc and/or copper. The aim of the current study was to find further, possibly earlier systemic biomarkers after inhalation of different welding fumes containing zinc and traces of aluminum, with or without copper, as these metal combinations become more common in modern joining technology. METHODS: The study group consisted of 15 non-smoking male volunteers with healthy lung function data and without any occupational metal fume exposure...
December 12, 2016: Toxicology
Baojie Du, Xun Bian, Fuming Shi
Based on the earlier studies (Karny, 1937; Bey-Bienko, 1957; Bey-Bienko & Andrianova, 1959; Di et al., 2014; Liu, 1999; Gorochov & Woznessenskij, 2000; Otte, 2000), Gorochov et al. (2015) reported 4 new species and 3 new subspecies from Thailand and Laos, and Du et al. (2016) described 2 new species from China. So far, the genus D<a href="">iaphanogryllacris </a>includes 26 species (Eades et al., 2016), 5 of which are recorded in China...
October 12, 2016: Zootaxa
J F Dipnall, J A Pasco, M Berk, L J Williams, S Dodd, F N Jacka, D Meyer
BACKGROUND: Key lifestyle-environ risk factors are operative for depression, but it is unclear how risk factors cluster. Machine-learning (ML) algorithms exist that learn, extract, identify and map underlying patterns to identify groupings of depressed individuals without constraints. The aim of this research was to use a large epidemiological study to identify and characterise depression clusters through "Graphing lifestyle-environs using machine-learning methods" (GLUMM). METHODS: Two ML algorithms were implemented: unsupervised Self-organised mapping (SOM) to create GLUMM clusters and a supervised boosted regression algorithm to describe clusters...
October 28, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Bingxiang Yuan, Fuming Zhang, Zhuomei Li, Shenghua Yang, Rulong Yan
A straightforward method for synthesizing the pyrazole N-oxides from N-propargylamines and AgNO2 through oxidation/cyclization reaction had been developed. AgNO2 was used as the NO source for the first time to synthesize pyrazole N-oxides. Various substituted groups on N-propargylamines proceeded smoothly, and the desired products were obtained in good yields.
November 1, 2016: Organic Letters
Yang Zhang, Fuming Chen, Huijun Xue, Zhao Li, Qiang An, Jianqi Wang, Yang Zhang
Ultra-wideband (UWB) radar has been widely used for detecting human physiological signals (respiration, movement, etc.) in the fields of rescue, security, and medicine owing to its high penetrability and range resolution. In these applications, especially in rescue after disaster (earthquake, collapse, mine accident, etc.), the presence, number, and location of the trapped victims to be detected and rescued are the key issues of concern. Ample research has been done on the first issue, whereas the identification and localization of multi-targets remains a challenge...
October 27, 2016: Sensors
Joel Bergqvist, Anders Andersson, Anna-Carin Olin, Nicola Murgia, Linus Schiöler, Mogens Bove, Johan Hellgren
BACKGROUND: The aim of this population-based study was to investigate the risk of developing noninfectious rhinitis (NIR) in subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a longitudinal population-based study comprising 3,612 randomly selected subjects from Gothenburg, Sweden, aged 25-75 years. Lung function was measured at baseline with spirometry and the included subjects answered a questionnaire on respiratory symptoms...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
A H Nurul, B M T Shamsul, I Noor Hassim
BACKGROUND: Steel manufacturing produces dust, fumes, and pollutant gases that may give adverse health effects to the respiratory function of workers. Improper occupational hygiene practice in the workplace will affect both workers wellbeing and productivity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of particulate matter [(PM2.5, PM10, and Total Particulate Matter (TPM)], and trace metal dust concentrations in different sections of a steel plant and compare with the occupational exposure values...
October 28, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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