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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264361/the-i-liriomyza-i-diptera-schizophora-agromyzidae-of-canada-amp-alaska
#1
Owen Lonsdale
The Liriomyza (Diptera: Agromyzidae) of Canada and Alaska is revised, with species keyed and illustrated, and new host and geographic records provided. Eighty one species are recognized, including 24 new to science: L. agrios, L. albispina, L. anatolis, L. aphila, L. apilaca, L. aquapolis, L. arenarium, L. atrassimilis, L. bicolumbis, L. charada, L. cracentis, L. elevaster, L. emaciata, L. fumeola, L. gibsoni, L. griffithsi, L. hilairensis, L. limopsis, L. mesocanadensis, L. pilicornis, L. pistilla, L. rigaudensis, L...
February 20, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228461/sex-differences-in-inflammatory-markers-and-health-status-among-young-adults-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-results-from-the-virgo-variation-in-recovery-role-of-gender-on-outcomes-of-young-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients-study
#2
Yuan Lu, Shengfan Zhou, Rachel P Dreyer, Erica S Spatz, Mary Geda, Nancy P Lorenze, Gail D'Onofrio, Judith H Lichtman, John A Spertus, Paul M Ridker, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: Young women (≤55 years of age) with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have higher mortality risk than similarly aged men. Elevated inflammatory markers are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular outcomes after AMI, but little is known about whether young women have higher inflammatory levels after AMI compared with young men. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed sex differences in post-AMI inflammatory markers and whether such differences account for sex differences in 12-month health status, using data from 2219 adults with AMI, 18 to 55 years of age, in the United States...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123224/access-to-cancer-care-and-general-medical-care-services-among-cancer-survivors-in-the-united-states-an-analysis-of-2011-medical-expenditure-panel-survey-data
#3
Janet S de Moor, Katherine S Virgo, Chunyu Li, Neetu Chawla, Xuesong Han, Danielle Blanch-Hartigan, Donatus U Ekwueme, Timothy S McNeel, Juan L Rodriguez, K Robin Yabroff
OBJECTIVES: Cancer survivors require appropriate health care to manage their unique health needs. This study describes access to cancer care among cancer survivors in the United States and compares access to general medical care between cancer survivors and people who have no history of cancer. METHODS: We assessed access to general medical care using the core 2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). We assessed access to cancer care using the MEPS Experiences With Cancer Survey...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038805/nutritional-status-is-related-to-heart-failure-severity-and-hospital-readmissions-in-acute-heart-failure
#4
Rosa María Agra Bermejo, Rocío González Ferreiro, Alfonso Varela Román, Inés Gómez Otero, Omar Kreidieh, Patricia Conde Sabarís, Moisés Rodríguez-Mañero, María Moure González, Ana Seoane Blanco, Alejandro Virgós Lamela, Alberto García Castelo, Jose Ramón González Juanatey
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in hospitalized heart failure (HF) patients and predicts adverse outcomes. The relationship between nutritional status and outcomes in HF has been partially studied. Our aim was to determine the relationship between the nutritional status and the long-term prognosis in patients hospitalized for acute HF. METHODS: We analyzed 145 patients admitted consecutively to a cardiology department for acute HF. Nutritional status was measured with the CONUT method, a validated scale based on laboratory testing (albumin; cholesterol; lymphocytes) during hospitalization...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979045/sex-differences-in-lipid-profiles-and-treatment-utilization-among-young-adults-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-results-from-the-virgo-study
#5
Yuan Lu, Shengfan Zhou, Rachel P Dreyer, Michael Caulfield, Erica S Spatz, Mary Geda, Nancy P Lorenze, Peter Herbert, Gail D'Onofrio, Elizabeth A Jackson, Judith H Lichtman, Héctor Bueno, John A Spertus, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: Young women with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have higher mortality risk than similarly aged men. An adverse lipid profile is an important risk factor for cardiovascular outcomes after AMI, but little is known about whether young women with AMI have a higher-risk lipid pattern than men. We characterized sex differences in lipid profiles and treatment utilization among young adults with AMI. METHODS: A total of 2,219 adults with AMI (1,494 women) aged 18-55 years were enrolled from 103 hospitals in the United States (2008-2012)...
January 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973510/coherently-combined-master-oscillator-fiber-power-amplifiers-for-advanced-virgo
#6
Li-Wei Wei, Frédéric Cleva, Catherine Nary Man
Stable low-noise high-power lasers are indispensable in advancing the strain sensitivity of interferometric gravitational wave detectors. Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo are currently under commissioning and require about 200 W of single-frequency laser power, while the future detector design may require up to the order of 500 W. In this Letter, we present the design and, to the best of our knowledge, the first experimental demonstration of the laser system for Advanced Virgo that is based on coherently combined fiber laser amplifiers...
December 15, 2016: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928421/asymmetrical-intraocular-pressures-and-asymmetrical-papilloedema-in-pseudotumor-cerebri-syndrome
#7
Mitchell Lawlor, Michael G Zhang, Jonathan Virgo, Gordon T Plant
This report is of two cases of asymmetrical papilloedema in patients with asymmetrical intraocular pressures (IOPs). The first patient presented with headaches, transient visual obscurations (TVOs), and elevated IOPs, and was found to have increased intracranial pressure caused by a torcula meningioma. He developed papilloedema after his IOPs were pharmacologically lowered; the papilloedema resolved after the IOP became elevated again after stopping his glaucoma drops, and then again returned as the IOP reduced when the drops were restarted...
December 2016: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927777/internuclear-ophthalmoplegia
#8
Jonathan D Virgo, Gordon T Plant
A brainstem lesion of any type that involves the medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) can cause internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO). This primarily affects conjugate horizontal gaze and classically manifests as impaired adduction ipsilateral to the lesion and abduction nystagmus contralateral to the lesion. Here, we describe the anatomy of the MLF and review the clinical features of INO. We also describe conjugate horizontal gaze palsy and some of the 'INO-plus' syndromes.
April 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885060/gender-differences-in-physical-activity-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-adults-a-prospective-observational-study
#9
Karl E Minges, Kelly M Strait, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Sarah M Camhi, Judith Lichtman, Mary Geda, Rachel P Dreyer, Héctor Bueno, John F Beltrame, Jeptha P Curtis, Harlan M Krumholz
Aims Despite the benefits of regular physical activity participation following acute myocardial infarction, little is known about gender differences in physical activity among patients after acute myocardial infarction. We described, by gender, physical activity trajectories pre- and post-acute myocardial infarction, and determined whether gender was independently associated with physical activity. Methods and results The Variation in Recovery: Role of Gender on Outcomes of Young AMI patients (VIRGO) study, conducted at 103 US, 24 Spanish, and three Australian hospitals, was designed, in part, to evaluate gender differences in lifestyle behaviors following acute myocardial infarction...
January 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795558/expression-of-cd33-is-a-predictive-factor-for-effect-of-gemtuzumab-ozogamicin-at-different-doses-in-adult-acute-myeloid-leukaemia
#10
N Khan, R K Hills, P Virgo, S Couzens, N Clark, A Gilkes, P Richardson, S Knapper, D Grimwade, N H Russell, A K Burnett, S D Freeman
It remains unclear in adult acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) whether leukaemic expression of CD33, the target antigen for gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO), adds prognostic information on GO effectiveness at different doses. CD33 expression quantified in 1583 patients recruited to UK-NCRI-AML17 (younger adults) and UK-NCRI-AML16 (older adults) trials was correlated with clinical outcomes and benefit from GO including a dose randomisation. CD33 expression associated with genetic subgroups, including lower levels in both adverse karyotype and core-binding factor (CBF)-AML, but was not independently prognostic...
November 15, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736028/effect-of-intravenous-and-intracoronary-melatonin-as-an-adjunct-to-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-results-of-the-melatonin-adjunct-in-the-acute-myocardial-infarction-treated-with-angioplasty-trial
#11
Alberto Dominguez-Rodriguez, Pedro Abreu-Gonzalez, Jose M de la Torre-Hernandez, Julia Gonzalez-Gonzalez, Tamara Garcia-Camarero, Luciano Consuegra-Sanchez, Maria Del Mar Garcia-Saiz, Ana Aldea-Perona, Tirso Virgos-Aller, Agueda Azpeitia, Russel J Reiter
The MARIA randomized trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of melatonin for the reduction of reperfusion injury in patients undergoing revascularization for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This was a prespecified interim analysis. A total of 146 patients presenting with STEMI within 6 hours of chest pain onset were randomized to receive intravenous and intracoronary melatonin (n=73) or placebo (n=73) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Primary endpoint was myocardial infarct size as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 6 ± 2 days...
January 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642022/diversity-and-divergence-the-dynamic-burden-of-poor-maternal-health
#12
REVIEW
Wendy Graham, Susannah Woodd, Peter Byass, Veronique Filippi, Giorgia Gon, Sandra Virgo, Doris Chou, Sennen Hounton, Rafael Lozano, Robert Pattinson, Susheela Singh
Maternal health is a big issue and is central to sustainable development. Each year, about 210 million women become pregnant and about 140 million newborn babies are delivered-the sheer scale of maternal health alone makes maternal well being and survival vital concerns. In this Series paper, we adopt primarily a numerical lens to illuminate patterns and trends in outcomes, but recognise that understanding of poor maternal health also warrants other perspectives, such as human rights. Our use of the best available evidence highlights the dynamic burden of maternal health problems...
October 29, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637513/the-shifts-of-sediment-microbial-community-phylogenetic-and-functional-structures-during-chromium-vi-reduction
#13
Zhengsheng Yu, Zhili He, Xuanyu Tao, Jizhong Zhou, Yunfeng Yang, Mengxin Zhao, Xiaowei Zhang, Zhe Zheng, Tong Yuan, Pu Liu, Yong Chen, Virgo Nolan, Xiangkai Li
The Lanzhou reach of the Yellow River, located at the upstream of Lanzhou, has been contaminated by heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons over a long-time. We hypothesized that indigenous microbial communities would remediate those contaminants and some unique populations could play an important role in this process. In this study, we investigated the sediment microbial community structure and function from the Lanzhou reach. Sediment samples were collected from two nearby sites (site A and site B) in the Lanzhou reach along the Yellow River...
December 2016: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631245/hiv-and-cancer-registry-linkage-identifies-a-substantial-burden-of-cancers-in-persons-with-hiv-in-india
#14
Sheela V Godbole, Karabi Nandy, Mansi Gauniyal, Pallavi Nalawade, Suvarna Sane, Shravani Koyande, Joy Toyama, Asha Hegde, Phil Virgo, Kishor Bhatia, Ramesh S Paranjape, Arun R Risbud, Sam M Mbulaiteye, Ronald T Mitsuyasu
We utilized computerized record-linkage methods to link HIV and cancer databases with limited unique identifiers in Pune, India, to determine feasibility of linkage and obtain preliminary estimates of cancer risk in persons living with HIV (PLHIV) as compared with the general population.Records of 32,575 PLHIV were linked to 31,754 Pune Cancer Registry records (1996-2008) using a probabilistic-matching algorithm. Cancer risk was estimated by calculating standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) in the early (4-27 months after HIV registration), late (28-60 months), and overall (4-60 months) incidence periods...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582361/two-tropical-conifers-show-strong-growth-and-water-use-efficiency-responses-to-altered-co2-concentration
#15
James W Dalling, Lucas A Cernusak, Klaus Winter, Jorge Aranda, Milton Garcia, Aurelio Virgo, Alexander W Cheesman, Andres Baresch, Carlos Jaramillo, Benjamin L Turner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Conifers dominated wet lowland tropical forests 100 million years ago (MYA). With a few exceptions in the Podocarpaceae and Araucariaceae, conifers are now absent from this biome. This shift to angiosperm dominance also coincided with a large decline in atmospheric CO2 concentration (ca). We compared growth and physiological performance of two lowland tropical angiosperms and conifers at ca levels representing pre-industrial (280 ppm), ambient (400 ppm) and Eocene (800 ppm) conditions to explore how differences in ca affect the growth and water-use efficiency (WUE) of seedlings from these groups...
November 2016: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541453/primordial-black-hole-scenario-for-the-gravitational-wave-event-gw150914
#16
Misao Sasaki, Teruaki Suyama, Takahiro Tanaka, Shuichiro Yokoyama
We point out that the gravitational-wave event GW150914 observed by the LIGO detectors can be explained by the coalescence of primordial black holes (PBHs). It is found that the expected PBH merger rate would exceed the rate estimated by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration if PBHs were the dominant component of dark matter, while it can be made compatible if PBHs constitute a fraction of dark matter. Intriguingly, the abundance of PBHs required to explain the suggested lower bound on the event rate, >2  events  Gpc^{-3} yr^{-1}, roughly coincides with the existing upper limit set by the nondetection of the cosmic microwave background spectral distortion...
August 5, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535406/comparison-of-comorbid-medical-conditions-in-the-national-cancer-database-and-the-seer-medicare-database
#17
Chun Chieh Lin, Katherine S Virgo, Anthony S Robbins, Ahmedin Jemal, Elizabeth M Ward
BACKGROUND: Physicians routinely factor comorbidities into diagnostic and treatment decisions. Analyses of treatment patterns and outcomes using the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) usually adjust for comorbidities; however, the completeness of comorbidity ascertainment in the NCDB has never been assessed. We compared the prevalence of comorbidities captured in the NCDB and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare among female breast, non-small-cell lung, and colorectal cancer patients aged ≥66...
December 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485141/sex-differences-in-young-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-virgo-study-analysis
#18
Emily M Bucholz, Kelly M Strait, Rachel P Dreyer, Stacy T Lindau, Gail D'Onofrio, Mary Geda, Erica S Spatz, John F Beltrame, Judith H Lichtman, Nancy P Lorenze, Hector Bueno, Harlan M Krumholz
AIMS: Young women with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have a higher risk of adverse outcomes than men. However, it is unclear how young women with AMI are different from young men across a spectrum of characteristics. We sought to compare young women and men at the time of AMI on six domains of demographic and clinical factors in order to determine whether they have distinct profiles. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from Variation in Recovery: Role of Gender on Outcomes of Young AMI Patients (VIRGO), a prospective cohort study of women and men aged ⩽55 years hospitalized for AMI (n = 3501) in the United States and Spain, we evaluated sex differences in demographics, healthcare access, cardiovascular risk and psychosocial factors, symptoms and pre-hospital delay, clinical presentation, and hospital management for AMI...
August 2, 2016: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472417/open-ended-evolution-perspectives-from-the-oee-workshop-in-york
#19
Tim Taylor, Mark Bedau, Alastair Channon, David Ackley, Wolfgang Banzhaf, Guillaume Beslon, Emily Dolson, Tom Froese, Simon Hickinbotham, Takashi Ikegami, Barry McMullin, Norman Packard, Steen Rasmussen, Nathaniel Virgo, Eran Agmon, Edward Clark, Simon McGregor, Charles Ofria, Glen Ropella, Lee Spector, Kenneth O Stanley, Adam Stanton, Christopher Timperley, Anya Vostinar, Michael Wiser
We describe the content and outcomes of the First Workshop on Open-Ended Evolution: Recent Progress and Future Milestones (OEE1), held during the ECAL 2015 conference at the University of York, UK, in July 2015. We briefly summarize the content of the workshop's talks, and identify the main themes that emerged from the open discussions. Two important conclusions from the discussions are: (1) the idea of pluralism about OEE-it seems clear that there is more than one interesting and important kind of OEE; and (2) the importance of distinguishing observable behavioral hallmarks of systems undergoing OEE from hypothesized underlying mechanisms that explain why a system exhibits those hallmarks...
2016: Artificial Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423439/employment-implications-of-informal-cancer-caregiving
#20
Janet S de Moor, Emily C Dowling, Donatus U Ekwueme, Gery P Guy, Juan Rodriguez, Katherine S Virgo, Xuesong Han, Erin E Kent, Chunyu Li, Kristen Litzelman, Timothy S McNeel, Benmei Liu, K Robin Yabroff
PURPOSE: Previous research describing how informal cancer caregiving impacts employment has been conducted in small samples or a single disease site. This paper provides population-based estimates of the effect of informal cancer caregiving on employment and characterizes employment changes made by caregivers. METHODS: The samples included cancer survivors with a friend or family caregiver, participating in either the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Experiences with Cancer Survivorship Survey (ECSS) (n = 458) or the LIVESTRONG 2012 Survey for People Affected by Cancer (SPAC) (n = 4706)...
February 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
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