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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885060/gender-differences-in-physical-activity-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-adults-a-prospective-observational-study
#1
Karl E Minges, Kelly M Strait, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Sarah M Camhi, Judith Lichtman, Mary Geda, Rachel P Dreyer, Héctor Bueno, John F Beltrame, Jeptha P Curtis, Harlan M Krumholz
AIMS: Despite the benefits of regular physical activity participation following acute myocardial infarction, little is known about gender differences in physical activity among patients after acute myocardial infarction. We described, by gender, physical activity trajectories pre- and post-acute myocardial infarction, and determined whether gender was independently associated with physical activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Variation in Recovery: Role of Gender on Outcomes of Young AMI patients (VIRGO) study, conducted at 103 US, 24 Spanish, and three Australian hospitals, was designed, in part, to evaluate gender differences in lifestyle behaviors following acute myocardial infarction...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795558/expression-of-cd33-is-a-predictive-factor-for-effect-of-gemtuzumab-ozogamicin-at-different-doses-in-adult-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#2
N Khan, R K Hills, P Virgo, S Couzens, N Clark, A Gilkes, P Richardson, S Knapper, D Grimwade, N H Russell, A K Burnett, S D Freeman
It remains unclear in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) whether leukemic expression of CD33, the target antigen for Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin (GO), add prognostic information on GO effectiveness at different doses. CD33 expression quantified in 1583 patients recruited to UK-NCRI-AML17 (younger adults) and UK-NCRI-AML16 (older adults) trials was correlated with clinical outcomes and benefit from GO including a dose randomisation. CD33 expression associated with genetic subgroups, including lower levels in both adverse karyotype and core-binding factor (CBF)-AML, but was not independently prognostic...
October 31, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736028/effect-of-intravenous-and-intracoronary-melatonin-as-an-adjunct-to-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-results-of-the-melatonin-adjunct-in-the-acute-myocardial-infarction-treated-with-angioplasty-maria-trial
#3
Alberto Dominguez-Rodriguez, Pedro Abreu-Gonzalez, Jose M de la Torre-Hernandez, Julia Gonzalez-Gonzalez, Tamara Garcia-Camarero, Luciano Consuegra-Sanchez, Maria Del Mar Garcia-Saiz, Ana Aldea-Perona, Tirso Virgos-Aller, Agueda Azpeitia, Russel J Reiter
The MARIA randomized trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of melatonin for the reduction of reperfusion injury in patients undergoing revascularization for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This was a prespecified interim analysis. A total of 146 patients presenting with STEMI within 6 hours of chest pain onset were randomized to receive intravenous and intracoronary melatonin (n=73) or placebo (n=73) during primary pecutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Primary endpoint was myocardial infarct size as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 6±2 days...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642022/diversity-and-divergence-the-dynamic-burden-of-poor-maternal-health
#4
Wendy Graham, Susannah Woodd, Peter Byass, Veronique Filippi, Giorgia Gon, Sandra Virgo, Doris Chou, Sennen Hounton, Rafael Lozano, Robert Pattinson, Susheela Singh
Maternal health is a big issue and is central to sustainable development. Each year, about 210 million women become pregnant and about 140 million newborn babies are delivered-the sheer scale of maternal health alone makes maternal well being and survival vital concerns. In this Series paper, we adopt primarily a numerical lens to illuminate patterns and trends in outcomes, but recognise that understanding of poor maternal health also warrants other perspectives, such as human rights. Our use of the best available evidence highlights the dynamic burden of maternal health problems...
September 14, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637513/the-shifts-of-sediment-microbial-community-phylogenetic-and-functional-structures-during-chromium-vi-reduction
#5
Zhengsheng Yu, Zhili He, Xuanyu Tao, Jizhong Zhou, Yunfeng Yang, Mengxin Zhao, Xiaowei Zhang, Zhe Zheng, Tong Yuan, Pu Liu, Yong Chen, Virgo Nolan, Xiangkai Li
The Lanzhou reach of the Yellow River, located at the upstream of Lanzhou, has been contaminated by heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons over a long-time. We hypothesized that indigenous microbial communities would remediate those contaminants and some unique populations could play an important role in this process. In this study, we investigated the sediment microbial community structure and function from the Lanzhou reach. Sediment samples were collected from two nearby sites (site A and site B) in the Lanzhou reach along the Yellow River...
September 16, 2016: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631245/hiv-and-cancer-registry-linkage-identifies-a-substantial-burden-of-cancers-in-persons-with-hiv-in-india
#6
Sheela V Godbole, Karabi Nandy, Mansi Gauniyal, Pallavi Nalawade, Suvarna Sane, Shravani Koyande, Joy Toyama, Asha Hegde, Phil Virgo, Kishor Bhatia, Ramesh S Paranjape, Arun R Risbud, Sam M Mbulaiteye, Ronald T Mitsuyasu
We utilized computerized record-linkage methods to link HIV and cancer databases with limited unique identifiers in Pune, India, to determine feasibility of linkage and obtain preliminary estimates of cancer risk in persons living with HIV (PLHIV) as compared with the general population.Records of 32,575 PLHIV were linked to 31,754 Pune Cancer Registry records (1996-2008) using a probabilistic-matching algorithm. Cancer risk was estimated by calculating standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) in the early (4-27 months after HIV registration), late (28-60 months), and overall (4-60 months) incidence periods...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582361/two-tropical-conifers-show-strong-growth-and-water-use-efficiency-responses-to-altered-co2-concentration
#7
James W Dalling, Lucas A Cernusak, Klaus Winter, Jorge Aranda, Milton Garcia, Aurelio Virgo, Alexander W Cheesman, Andres Baresch, Carlos Jaramillo, Benjamin L Turner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Conifers dominated wet lowland tropical forests 100 million years ago (MYA). With a few exceptions in the Podocarpaceae and Araucariaceae, conifers are now absent from this biome. This shift to angiosperm dominance also coincided with a large decline in atmospheric CO2 concentration (ca). We compared growth and physiological performance of two lowland tropical angiosperms and conifers at ca levels representing pre-industrial (280 ppm), ambient (400 ppm) and Eocene (800 ppm) conditions to explore how differences in ca affect the growth and water-use efficiency (WUE) of seedlings from these groups...
November 2016: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541453/primordial-black-hole-scenario-for-the-gravitational-wave-event-gw150914
#8
Misao Sasaki, Teruaki Suyama, Takahiro Tanaka, Shuichiro Yokoyama
We point out that the gravitational-wave event GW150914 observed by the LIGO detectors can be explained by the coalescence of primordial black holes (PBHs). It is found that the expected PBH merger rate would exceed the rate estimated by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration if PBHs were the dominant component of dark matter, while it can be made compatible if PBHs constitute a fraction of dark matter. Intriguingly, the abundance of PBHs required to explain the suggested lower bound on the event rate, >2  events  Gpc^{-3} yr^{-1}, roughly coincides with the existing upper limit set by the nondetection of the cosmic microwave background spectral distortion...
August 5, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535406/comparison-of-comorbid-medical-conditions-in-the-national-cancer-database-and-the-seer-medicare-database
#9
Chun Chieh Lin, Katherine S Virgo, Anthony S Robbins, Ahmedin Jemal, Elizabeth M Ward
BACKGROUND: Physicians routinely factor comorbidities into diagnostic and treatment decisions. Analyses of treatment patterns and outcomes using the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) usually adjust for comorbidities; however, the completeness of comorbidity ascertainment in the NCDB has never been assessed. We compared the prevalence of comorbidities captured in the NCDB and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare among female breast, non-small-cell lung, and colorectal cancer patients aged ≥66...
December 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485141/sex-differences-in-young-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-virgo-study-analysis
#10
Emily M Bucholz, Kelly M Strait, Rachel P Dreyer, Stacy T Lindau, Gail D'Onofrio, Mary Geda, Erica S Spatz, John F Beltrame, Judith H Lichtman, Nancy P Lorenze, Hector Bueno, Harlan M Krumholz
AIMS: Young women with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have a higher risk of adverse outcomes than men. However, it is unclear how young women with AMI are different from young men across a spectrum of characteristics. We sought to compare young women and men at the time of AMI on six domains of demographic and clinical factors in order to determine whether they have distinct profiles. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from Variation in Recovery: Role of Gender on Outcomes of Young AMI Patients (VIRGO), a prospective cohort study of women and men aged ⩽55 years hospitalized for AMI (n = 3501) in the United States and Spain, we evaluated sex differences in demographics, healthcare access, cardiovascular risk and psychosocial factors, symptoms and pre-hospital delay, clinical presentation, and hospital management for AMI...
August 2, 2016: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472417/open-ended-evolution-perspectives-from-the-oee-workshop-in-york
#11
Tim Taylor, Mark Bedau, Alastair Channon, David Ackley, Wolfgang Banzhaf, Guillaume Beslon, Emily Dolson, Tom Froese, Simon Hickinbotham, Takashi Ikegami, Barry McMullin, Norman Packard, Steen Rasmussen, Nathaniel Virgo, Eran Agmon, Edward Clark, Simon McGregor, Charles Ofria, Glen Ropella, Lee Spector, Kenneth O Stanley, Adam Stanton, Christopher Timperley, Anya Vostinar, Michael Wiser
We describe the content and outcomes of the First Workshop on Open-Ended Evolution: Recent Progress and Future Milestones (OEE1), held during the ECAL 2015 conference at the University of York, UK, in July 2015. We briefly summarize the content of the workshop's talks, and identify the main themes that emerged from the open discussions. Two important conclusions from the discussions are: (1) the idea of pluralism about OEE-it seems clear that there is more than one interesting and important kind of OEE; and (2) the importance of distinguishing observable behavioral hallmarks of systems undergoing OEE from hypothesized underlying mechanisms that explain why a system exhibits those hallmarks...
2016: Artificial Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423439/employment-implications-of-informal-cancer-caregiving
#12
Janet S de Moor, Emily C Dowling, Donatus U Ekwueme, Gery P Guy, Juan Rodriguez, Katherine S Virgo, Xuesong Han, Erin E Kent, Chunyu Li, Kristen Litzelman, Timothy S McNeel, Benmei Liu, K Robin Yabroff
PURPOSE: Previous research describing how informal cancer caregiving impacts employment has been conducted in small samples or a single disease site. This paper provides population-based estimates of the effect of informal cancer caregiving on employment and characterizes employment changes made by caregivers. METHODS: The samples included cancer survivors with a friend or family caregiver, participating in either the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Experiences with Cancer Survivorship Survey (ECSS) (n = 458) or the LIVESTRONG 2012 Survey for People Affected by Cancer (SPAC) (n = 4706)...
July 16, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377587/genetically-distinct-leukemic-stem-cells-in-human-cd34-acute-myeloid-leukemia-are-arrested-at-a-hemopoietic-precursor-like-stage
#13
Lynn Quek, Georg W Otto, Catherine Garnett, Ludovic Lhermitte, Dimitris Karamitros, Bilyana Stoilova, I-Jun Lau, Jessica Doondeea, Batchimeg Usukhbayar, Alison Kennedy, Marlen Metzner, Nicolas Goardon, Adam Ivey, Christopher Allen, Rosemary Gale, Benjamin Davies, Alexander Sternberg, Sally Killick, Hannah Hunter, Paul Cahalin, Andrew Price, Andrew Carr, Mike Griffiths, Paul Virgo, Stephen Mackinnon, David Grimwade, Sylvie Freeman, Nigel Russell, Charles Craddock, Adam Mead, Andrew Peniket, Catherine Porcher, Paresh Vyas
Our understanding of the perturbation of normal cellular differentiation hierarchies to create tumor-propagating stem cell populations is incomplete. In human acute myeloid leukemia (AML), current models suggest transformation creates leukemic stem cell (LSC) populations arrested at a progenitor-like stage expressing cell surface CD34. We show that in ∼25% of AML, with a distinct genetic mutation pattern where >98% of cells are CD34(-), there are multiple, nonhierarchically arranged CD34(+) and CD34(-) LSC populations...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302691/interspecific-interactions-and-learning-variability-jointly-drive-geographic-differences-in-mate-preferences
#14
Machteld N Verzijden, Erik I Svensson
Co-occurrence of closely related species can cause behavioral interference in mating and increase hybridization risk. Theoretically, this could lead to the evolution of more species-specific mate preferences and sexual signaling traits. Alternatively, females can learn to reject heterospecific males, to avoid male sexual interference from closely related species. Such learned mate discrimination could also affect conspecific mate preferences if females generalize from between species differences to prefer more species-specific mating signals...
August 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221992/quality-of-patient-provider-communication-among-cancer-survivors-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#15
Neetu Chawla, Danielle Blanch-Hartigan, Katherine S Virgo, Donatus U Ekwueme, Xuesong Han, Laura Forsythe, Juan Rodriguez, Timothy S McNeel, K Robin Yabroff
PURPOSE: Although patient-provider communication is an essential component of health care delivery, little is known about the quality of these discussions among patients with cancer. METHODS: Data are from the 2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Experiences with Cancer survey among 1,202 adult cancer survivors. We evaluated discussions with any provider after a cancer diagnosis about: (1) follow-up care; (2) late or long-term treatment effects; (3) lifestyle recommendations, such as diet, exercise, and quitting smoking; and (4) emotional or social needs...
May 24, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178399/mayflies-are-least-attracted-to-vertical-polarization-a-polarotactic-reaction-helping-to-avoid-unsuitable-habitats
#16
Alexandra Farkas, Dénes Száz, Ádám Egri, András Barta, Ádám Mészáros, Ramón Hegedüs, Gábor Horváth, György Kriska
Like other aquatic insects, mayflies are positively polarotactic and locate water surfaces by means of the horizontal polarization of water-reflected light. However, may vertically polarized light also have implications for the swarming behaviour of mayflies? To answer this question, we studied in four field experiments the behavioural responses of Ephoron virgo and Caenis robusta mayflies to lamps emitting horizontally and vertically polarized and unpolarized light. In both species, unpolarized light induces positive phototaxis, horizontally polarized light elicits positive photo- and polarotaxis, horizontally polarized light is much more attractive than unpolarized light, and vertically polarized light is the least attractive if the stimulus intensities and spectra are the same...
September 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096120/sources-of-differences-in-on-orbital-total-solar-irradiance-measurements-and-description-of-a-proposed-laboratory-intercomparison
#17
J J Butler, B C Johnson, J P Rice, E L Shirley, R A Barnes
There is a 5 W/m(2) (about 0.35 %) difference between current on-orbit Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) measurements. On 18-20 July 2005, a workshop was held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Maryland that focused on understanding possible reasons for this difference, through an examination of the instrument designs, calibration approaches, and appropriate measurement equations. The instruments studied in that workshop included the Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor III (ACRIM III) on the Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor SATellite (ACRIMSAT), the Total Irradiance Monitor (TIM) on the Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE), the Variability of solar IRradiance and Gravity Oscillations (VIRGO) on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), and the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) on the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS)...
July 2008: Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27081966/gw150914-the-advanced-ligo-detectors-in-the-era-of-first-discoveries
#18
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, M R Abernathy, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, K Arai, M C Araya, C C Arceneaux, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, C Baune, V Bavigadda, M Bazzan, B Behnke, M Bejger, A S Bell, C J Bell, B K Berger, J Bergman, G Bergmann, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, J Birch, R Birney, S Biscans, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, T P Bodiya, M Boer, G Bogaert, C Bogan, A Bohe, P Bojtos, C Bond, F Bondu, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, V B Braginsky, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, N M Brown, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, K C Cannon, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, L Cerboni Baiardi, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, R Chakraborty, T Chalermsongsak, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chassande-Mottin, H Y Chen, Y Chen, C Cheng, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, S Chua, S Chung, G Ciani, F Clara, J A Clark, F Cleva, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, A Colla, C G Collette, L Cominsky, M Constancio, A Conte, L Conti, D Cook, T R Corbitt, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, K Craig, J D E Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, N S Darman, V Dattilo, I Dave, H P Daveloza, M Davier, G S Davies, E J Daw, R Day, D DeBra, G Debreczeni, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, T Denker, T Dent, H Dereli, V Dergachev, R T DeRosa, R De Rosa, R DeSalvo, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, A Di Virgilio, G Dojcinoski, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, R Douglas, T P Downes, M Drago, R W P Drever, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, S E Dwyer, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, W Engels, R C Essick, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, R Everett, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, Q Fang, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, M Favata, M Fays, H Fehrmann, M M Fejer, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, R P Fisher, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, J-D Fournier, S Franco, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, T T Fricke, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H A G Gabbard, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, S G Gaonkar, F Garufi, A Gatto, G Gaur, N Gehrels, G Gemme, B Gendre, E Genin, A Gennai, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, A Glaefke, E Goetz, R Goetz, L Gondan, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, N A Gordon, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, C Graef, P B Graff, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, J J Hacker, B R Hall, E D Hall, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, J Hanson, T Hardwick, K Haris, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, M T Hartman, C-J Haster, K Haughian, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, D Hoak, K A Hodge, D Hofman, S E Hollitt, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, D J Hosken, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, S Huang, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, A Idrisy, N Indik, D R Ingram, R Inta, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, G Islas, T Isogai, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, H Jang, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S Karki, M Kasprzack, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, T Kaur, K Kawabe, F Kawazoe, F Kéfélian, M S Kehl, D Keitel, D B Kelley, W Kells, R Kennedy, J S Key, A Khalaidovski, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, C Kim, J Kim, K Kim, Nam-Gyu Kim, Namjun Kim, Y-M Kim, E J King, P J King, D L Kinzel, J S Kissel, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, S M Koehlenbeck, K Kokeyama, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, V Kringel, A Królak, C Krueger, G Kuehn, P Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, B D Lackey, M Landry, J Lange, B Lantz, P D Lasky, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, E O Lebigot, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, K Lee, A Lenon, M Leonardi, J R Leong, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, B M Levine, T G F Li, A Libson, T B Littenberg, N A Lockerbie, J Logue, A L Lombardi, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, H Lück, A P Lundgren, J Luo, R Lynch, Y Ma, T MacDonald, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, F Magaña-Sandoval, R M Magee, M Mageswaran, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, V Malvezzi, N Man, I Mandel, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, A S Markosyan, E Maros, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, R M Martin, D V Martynov, J N Marx, K Mason, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, G Mazzolo, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, J Meidam, A Melatos, G Mendell, D Mendoza-Gandara, R A Mercer, E Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, P M Meyers, F Mezzani, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, J Miller, M Millhouse, Y Minenkov, J Ming, S Mirshekari, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, A Moggi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, B C Moore, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S R Morriss, K Mossavi, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, C L Mueller, G Mueller, A W Muir, Arunava Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, D J Murphy, P G Murray, A Mytidis, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, R K Nayak, V Necula, K Nedkova, G Nelemans, M Neri, A Neunzert, G Newton, T T Nguyen, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, F Nocera, D Nolting, M E Normandin, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, E Ochsner, J O'Dell, E Oelker, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M Oliver, P Oppermann, Richard J Oram, B O'Reilly, R O'Shaughnessy, D J Ottaway, R S Ottens, H Overmier, B J Owen, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, H Pan, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, H R Paris, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, B Patricelli, Z Patrick, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, A Perreca, M Phelps, O Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pitkin, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, V Predoi, S S Premachandra, T Prestegard, L R Price, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, G A Prodi, L Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, J Qin, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, M Rakhmanov, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, V Re, J Read, C M Reed, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, H Rew, S D Reyes, F Ricci, K Riles, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, R Romano, G Romanov, J H Romie, D Rosińska, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, E J Sanchez, V Sandberg, B Sandeen, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, R Schilling, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B F Schutz, J Scott, S M Scott, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, G Serna, Y Setyawati, A Sevigny, D A Shaddock, S Shah, M S Shahriar, M Shaltev, Z Shao, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, D Sigg, A D Silva, D Simakov, A Singer, L P Singer, A Singh, R Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, J R Smith, N D Smith, R J E Smith, E J Son, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A K Srivastava, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, B C Stephens, R Stone, K A Strain, N Straniero, G Stratta, N A Strauss, S Strigin, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, D Talukder, D B Tanner, M Tápai, S P Tarabrin, A Taracchini, R Taylor, T Theeg, M P Thirugnanasambandam, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, K S Thorne, E Thrane, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, C Tomlinson, M Tonelli, C V Torres, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, D Trifirò, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, M Tse, M Turconi, D Tuyenbayev, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, S Vass, M Vasúth, R Vaulin, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, D Voss, W D Vousden, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, M Wang, X Wang, Y Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, T Welborn, L Wen, P Weßels, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, S E Whitcomb, D J White, B F Whiting, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Worden, J L Wright, G Wu, J Yablon, W Yam, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, M J Yap, H Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, L Zangrando, M Zanolin, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, F Zhang, L Zhang, M Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, X J Zhu, M E Zucker, S E Zuraw, J Zweizig
Following a major upgrade, the two advanced detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) held their first observation run between September 2015 and January 2016. With a strain sensitivity of 10^{-23}/sqrt[Hz] at 100 Hz, the product of observable volume and measurement time exceeded that of all previous runs within the first 16 days of coincident observation. On September 14, 2015, the Advanced LIGO detectors observed a transient gravitational-wave signal determined to be the coalescence of two black holes [B...
April 1, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27081965/gw150914-implications-for-the-stochastic-gravitational-wave-background-from-binary-black-holes
#19
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, M R Abernathy, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, K Arai, M C Araya, C C Arceneaux, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, C Baune, V Bavigadda, M Bazzan, B Behnke, M Bejger, A S Bell, C J Bell, B K Berger, J Bergman, G Bergmann, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, J Birch, R Birney, S Biscans, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, T P 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Hanna, M D Hannam, J Hanson, T Hardwick, K Haris, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, M T Hartman, C-J Haster, K Haughian, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, D Hoak, K A Hodge, D Hofman, S E Hollitt, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, D J Hosken, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, S Huang, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, A Idrisy, N Indik, D R Ingram, R Inta, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, G Islas, T Isogai, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, H Jang, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S Karki, M Kasprzack, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, T Kaur, K Kawabe, F Kawazoe, F Kéfélian, M S Kehl, D Keitel, D B Kelley, W Kells, R Kennedy, J S Key, A Khalaidovski, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, C Kim, J Kim, K Kim, Nam-Gyu Kim, Namjun Kim, Y-M Kim, E J King, P J King, D L Kinzel, J S Kissel, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, S M Koehlenbeck, K Kokeyama, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, V Kringel, A Królak, C Krueger, G Kuehn, P Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, B D Lackey, M Landry, J Lange, B Lantz, P D Lasky, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, E O Lebigot, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, K Lee, A Lenon, M Leonardi, J R Leong, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, B M Levine, T G F Li, A Libson, T B Littenberg, N A Lockerbie, J Logue, A L Lombardi, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, H Lück, A P Lundgren, J Luo, R Lynch, Y Ma, T MacDonald, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, F Magaña-Sandoval, R M Magee, M Mageswaran, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, V Malvezzi, N Man, I Mandel, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, A S Markosyan, E Maros, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, R M Martin, D V Martynov, J N Marx, K Mason, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, G Mazzolo, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, J Meidam, A Melatos, G Mendell, D Mendoza-Gandara, R A Mercer, E Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, P M Meyers, F Mezzani, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, J Miller, M Millhouse, Y Minenkov, J Ming, S Mirshekari, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, A Moggi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, B C Moore, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S R Morriss, K Mossavi, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, C L Mueller, G Mueller, A W Muir, Arunava Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, D J Murphy, P G Murray, A Mytidis, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, R K Nayak, V Necula, K Nedkova, G Nelemans, M Neri, A Neunzert, G Newton, T T Nguyen, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, F Nocera, D Nolting, M E N Normandin, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, E Ochsner, J O'Dell, E Oelker, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M Oliver, P Oppermann, Richard J Oram, B O'Reilly, R O'Shaughnessy, D J Ottaway, R S Ottens, H Overmier, B J Owen, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, H Pan, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, H R Paris, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, B Patricelli, Z Patrick, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, A Perreca, M Phelps, O Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pitkin, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, V Predoi, S S Premachandra, T Prestegard, L R Price, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, G A Prodi, L Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, J Qin, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, M Rakhmanov, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, V Re, J Read, C M Reed, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, H Rew, S D Reyes, F Ricci, K Riles, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, J D Romano, R Romano, G Romanov, J H Romie, D Rosińska, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, E J Sanchez, V Sandberg, B Sandeen, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, R Schilling, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B F Schutz, J Scott, S M Scott, D Sellers, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, G Serna, Y Setyawati, A Sevigny, D A Shaddock, S Shah, M S Shahriar, M Shaltev, Z Shao, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, D Sigg, A D Silva, D Simakov, A Singer, L P Singer, A Singh, R Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, J R Smith, N D Smith, R J E Smith, E J Son, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A K Srivastava, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, B C Stephens, R Stone, K A Strain, N Straniero, G Stratta, N A Strauss, S Strigin, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, D Talukder, D B Tanner, M Tápai, S P Tarabrin, A Taracchini, R Taylor, T Theeg, M P Thirugnanasambandam, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, K S Thorne, E Thrane, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, C Tomlinson, M Tonelli, C V Torres, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, D Trifirò, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, M Tse, M Turconi, D Tuyenbayev, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, S Vass, M Vasúth, R Vaulin, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, D Voss, W D Vousden, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, M Wang, X Wang, Y Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, T Welborn, L Wen, P Weßels, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, D J White, B F Whiting, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Worden, J L Wright, G Wu, J Yablon, W Yam, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, M J Yap, H Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, L Zangrando, M Zanolin, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, F Zhang, L Zhang, M Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, X J Zhu, M E Zucker, S E Zuraw, J Zweizig
The LIGO detection of the gravitational wave transient GW150914, from the inspiral and merger of two black holes with masses ≳30M_{⊙}, suggests a population of binary black holes with relatively high mass. This observation implies that the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes, created from the incoherent superposition of all the merging binaries in the Universe, could be higher than previously expected. Using the properties of GW150914, we estimate the energy density of such a background from binary black holes...
April 1, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022078/the-evolved-psychological-mechanisms-of-fertility-motivation-hunting-for-causation-in-a-sea-of-correlation
#20
REVIEW
Lisa S McAllister, Gillian V Pepper, Sandra Virgo, David A Coall
Cultural, ecological, familial and physiological factors consistently influence fertility behaviours, however, the proximate psychological mechanisms underlying fertility decisions in humans are poorly understood. Understanding the psychological mechanisms underlying human fertility may illuminate the final processes by which some of these known predictors have their influence. To date, research into the psychological mechanisms underlying fertility has been fragmented. Aspects of reproductive psychology have been examined by researchers in a range of fields, but the findings have not been systematically integrated in one review...
April 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
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