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smoking and vitamin a ..mastitis

Anthony R Mawson, Wang Xueyuan
Postpartum depression (PPD) is an international public health problem affecting at least 1 in 8 mothers. Known risk factors include: giving birth to a preterm or low birth weight infant, babies with greater symptoms of illness at age 4-6 weeks, formula feeding, younger maternal age, smoking, and fatigue. Prolonged breastfeeding is associated with a reduced risk of PPD but the mechanisms are not well understood. Interventions for PPD focusing on psychosocial risk factors have been largely unsuccessful, suggesting that the condition has a mainly biological basis...
September 25, 2013: Journal of Affective Disorders
M M Meguid, A Oler, P J Numann, S Khan
BACKGROUND: When a subareolar breast abscess (SBA) is incised and drained, an extraordinarily high frequency of recurrence is noted. METHODS: To develop a pathogenesis-based treatment plan, 24 women with a total of 84 abscesses were monitored. RESULTS: In nine women SBA was under the left areola, under the right, in 7 and in eight the SBA occurred either simultaneously or sequentially under both areolae. In 11 of 24 patients a chronic lactiferous duct fistula also existed...
October 1995: Surgery
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