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Abnormal Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807062/neuropsychiatric-characteristics-of-antiterrorist-operation-combatants-in-the-donbass-ukraine
#1
Konstantin N Loganovsky, Natalia A Zdanevich, Marina V Gresko, Donatella Marazziti, Tatiana K Loganovskaja
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to explore the neuropsychiatric characteristics of the antiterrorism (ATO) combatants in the Donets Basin (Donbass) and to propose therapeutic strategies for managing their mental healthcare. METHODS: A total of 54 ATO combatants were included in our study and compared with four groups of subjects exposed to other emergencies, including the Chernobyl disaster and the war in Afghanistan. The neuropsychiatric features were assessed through psychopathological assessments, neurological examinations, and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)...
August 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802148/inattentional-blindness-in-anesthesiology-a-simulation-study
#2
Anthony M-H Ho, Joseph Y C Leung, Glenio B Mizubuti, Leeanne H Contardi, Matthew T V Chan, Thomas S F Lo, Alex K T Lee
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Inattentional blindness is the psychological phenomenon of inability to see the unexpected even if it is in plain view. We hypothesized that anesthesiologists may overlook unexpected intraoperative events whereas medical students, lacking in intraoperative monitoring experience and knowledge, may be more likely to notice such events. DESIGN: A simulation study using a video of a simulated septic patient undergoing abdominal surgery. SETTING: A large academic center...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801692/-urethral-centralization-and-pseudo-glans-formation-after-partial-penectomy
#3
REVIEW
J Kranz, A Parnham, M Albersen, V Sahdev, M Ziada, R Nigam, A Muneer, J Steffens, P Malone
The management of penile cancer has altered dramatically over the last decade. Confidence to excise lesions safely with smaller margins has led to the adoption of penile-preserving techniques and in turn improved the functional and cosmetic results. Patients undergoing partial penectomy (PP) find that the urethral meatus is located in an abnormal ventral position. In addition, there is a high risk of meatal stenosis. We describe our novel technique that allows the urethral meatus to be centralised after PP and creation of a pseudo-glans and wide meatus and therefore maintain the cosmetic appearance of the penis after split thickness skin grafting...
August 11, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799518/a-neurodevelopment-and-neuroplasticity-based-framework-for-early-intervention-in-psychotic-disorders
#4
E Bora
In recent years there has been growing interest in early intervention in psychotic disorders and a number of clinical and research programmes have been developed. The clinical staging model has been an essential part of early intervention as it provides the rationale of existing programmes. In medicine, clinical staging is a valuable approach in disorders where primary pathology is progressive in nature. However, the clinical staging model of psychosis has been proposed without establishing first that schizophrenia is a primarily progressive disorder...
August 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794910/first-report-of-two-rare-entities-in-a-family-49-xxxxy-and-45-x
#5
Yavuz Şahin, Aysegül Özcan
49,XXXXY and 45,X syndromes are sex chromosome aneuploidies in which the affected individuals present with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, short or long stature, and skeletal malformations. Psychological, endocrinological, and orthopaedic disorders constitute the major problems in the clinical follow-up. We report a family with two rare entities: 49,XXXXY and 45, X. Sex chromosome abnormalities should especially be in mind in the evaluation of patients with micropenis, mental retardation, and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794890/pathophysiology-of-writer-s-cramp-an-exploratory-study-on-task-specificity-and-non-motor-symptoms-using-an-extended-fine-motor-testing-battery
#6
Ali Amouzandeh, Michael Grossbach, Joachim Hermsdörfer, Eckart Altenmüller
BACKGROUND: Writer's cramp (WC) is a task-specific focal dystonia which manifests itself as abnormal postures interfering with motor performance. As the spread of motor symptoms remains controversial and non-motor symptoms are widely discussed, in this exploratory study, we explore the pathophysiology of WC, focusing on task-specificity and the psychological profiles of WC patients. METHODS: In 14 right-handed WC patients and matched controls, we assessed motor control by applying motor performance tests (Vienna Test Series), as well as using writing analysis and grip-force measurements...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793386/sleep-disturbance-in-people-with-diabetes-a-concept-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Bingqian Zhu, Catherine Vincent, Mary C Kapella, Laurie Quinn, Eileen G Collins, Laurie Ruggiero, Chang Park, Cynthia Fritschi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To clarify the meaning of sleep disturbance in people with diabetes and examine its antecedents, attributes, and consequences through concept analysis. BACKGROUND: Sleep is crucial for health, and people with diabetes are frequently beset with disturbances in their sleep. The concept of sleep disturbance in people with diabetes has not been clearly defined. The inconsistent use of sleep disturbance has created confusion and impeded our understanding of the sleep in people with diabetes...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776278/expression-of-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-receptors-and-thyroglobulin-in-limbic-regions-in-the-adult-human-brain
#8
Meleshni Naicker, Strinivasen Naidoo
Expression of the human thyroid-specific proteins, thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSH-R) and thyroglobulin (TG) in non-thyroid tissue is well-documented. TSH-R has been identified in the heart, kidney, bone, pituitary, adipose tissue, skin and astrocyte cultures. TG has been identified in the skin, thymus and kidney. However, none of those previous studies had identified TSH-R or TG in specific human brain regions. Previously, a pilot study conducted by our group on normal adult human brain demonstrated TSH-R and TG in cortical neurons and cerebral vasculature, respectively, within various brain areas...
August 3, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776133/stress-enhances-gait-disturbance-induced-by-lumbar-disc-degeneration-in-rat
#9
Daisuke Fukui, Mamoru Kawakami, Tomonori Matsumoto, Mitsuru Naiki
PURPOSE: Although psychological factors are assumed to be the primary cause of stress-related back pain, there have been no studies of the relationships between stress and low back pain in an animal model. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of specific alternation of rhythm in temperature (SART) stress on gait abnormality using the CatWalk method in a rat model of low back pain caused by lumbar facetectomy. METHODS: Sixty rats were divided into three groups: the control, sham and experimental groups...
August 3, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766309/the-psychological-impact-of-prostate-biopsy-prevalence-and-predictors-of-procedure-related-distress
#10
Linda Sharp, Eileen Morgan, Frances J Drummond, Anna Gavin
BACKGROUND: Many men undergo prostate biopsies each year. Most data on consequences of prostate biopsy for men pertain to physical after-effects and/or come from clinical trial populations. We quantified prevalence of, and identified factors associated with, procedure-related distress in men having prostate biopsies in routine clinical practice. METHODS: Men who had undergone prostate biopsy for follow-up of a raised prostate specific antigen test result and/or abnormal digital rectal examination in six centres in Ireland completed questionnaires...
August 1, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765261/burden-of-child-and-adolescent-obesity-on-health-services-in-england
#11
Russell M Viner, Sanjay Kinra, Dasha Nicholls, Tim Cole, Anthony Kessel, Deborah Christie, Billy White, Helen Croker, Ian C K Wong, Sonia Saxena
OBJECTIVE: To assess the numbers of obese children and young people (CYP) eligible for assessment and management at each stage of the childhood obesity pathway in England. DESIGN: Pathway modelling study, operationalising the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance on childhood obesity management against national survey data. SETTING: Data on CYP aged 2-18 years from the Health Survey for England 2006 to 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical obesity (body mass index (BMI) >98th centile), extreme obesity (BMI ≥99...
August 1, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763879/-study-of-fraction-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuation-on-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-adultperipheral-facial-paralysis
#12
Y J Zhu, G L Ma, T B Song, L Du, R C Guo, S L Sun, H Li, L G Sun
Objective: To analysis the change of brain functional activity in the left and right peripheral facial paralysis by using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (R-fMRI) of fraction amplitude of low frequency fluctuation(fALFF) measurement technique, and research the abnormal brain region with different side patients whether there are differences. Methods: A total of 43 patients with peripheral facial paralysis patients (patient groups, divided into left / right two subgroups) and 21 healthy volunteers (control group) in this study...
July 18, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757328/interferon-%C3%AE-causes-mood-abnormalities-by-altering-cannabinoid-cb1-receptor-function-in-the-mouse-striatum
#13
Georgia Mandolesi, Silvia Bullitta, Diego Fresegna, Antonietta Gentile, Francesca De Vito, Ettore Dolcetti, Francesca R Rizzo, Georgios Strimpakos, Diego Centonze, Alessandra Musella
Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and in its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The type-1 cannabinoid receptors (CB1Rs) are heavily involved in MS pathophysiology, and a growing body of evidence suggests that mood disturbances reflect specific effects of proinflammatory cytokines on neuronal activity. Here, we investigated whether IFN-γ could exert a role in the anxiety- and depressive-like behavior observed in mice with EAE, and in the modulation of CB1Rs...
July 27, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752588/psychological-adjustment-and-behaviours-in-children-of-migrant-workers-in-china
#14
F Wang, X Zhou, T Hesketh
BACKGROUND: In China, there are around 274 million rural-urban migrants, an estimated 61 million children left behind in rural areas by parents, and 29 million children who accompany their parents to cities. The aim of this study was to compare the psychosocial adjustment and behaviours of left-behind children and migrant children. METHODS: Full data were available for 761 left-behind children and 1,392 migrant children aged 11 to 17 in Zhejiang Province, eastern China...
July 28, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750207/eye-gaze-and-pupillary-response-in-angelman-syndrome
#15
Michael P Hong, Janna L Guilfoyle, Lindsey N Mooney, Logan K Wink, Ernest V Pedapati, Rebecca C Shaffer, John A Sweeney, Craig A Erickson
BACKGROUND: Angelman syndrome (AS) is a rare neurological disorder characterized by severe developmental disability, communication impairment, elevated seizure risk, and motor system abnormalities. AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine the feasibility of social scene eye tracking and pupillometry measures in individuals with AS and to compare the performance of AS participants to individuals with idiopathic Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and typically developing controls (TDC)...
July 24, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739836/psychological-impact-of-electrocardiogram-screening-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-athletes
#16
Irfan M Asif, Scott Annett, Joseph A Ewing, Ramy Abdelfattah, Brittan Sutphin, Kyle Conley, Justin Rothmier, Kimberly G Harmon, Jonathan A Drezner
PURPOSE: Determine the psychological impact of false-positive ECG screening in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes. METHODS: Athletes representing seven NCAA institutions received a standardised history, physical examination and ECG interpreted using the 2013 Seattle Criteria. Assessments of health attitudes, anxiety and impact of screening on sport were conducted using validated prescreen and postscreen measurements. RESULTS: 1192 student-athletes participated (55...
July 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736211/applying-contemporary-neuroscience-in-exercise-interventions-for-chronic-spinal-pain-treatment-protocol
#17
Malfliet Anneleen, Kregel Jeroen, Meeus Mira, Cagnie Barbara, Roussel Nathalie, Dolphens Mieke, Danneels Lieven, Nijs Jo
BACKGROUND: Nonspecific chronic spinal pain is a common problem within the chronic pain population and is characterized by high social, economic and personal impact. To date, therapists are still struggling in adequately treating these types of patients, as seen in the small and short-term benefits of frequently applied primary care treatments. It is remarkable that despite the well-documented presence of abnormalities in central nociceptive processing in nonspecific chronic spinal pain patients, the implementation of this knowledge in clinical practice is still nearly non-existent...
July 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731567/integration-of-white-matter-network-is-associated-with-interindividual-differences-in-psychologically-mediated-placebo-response-in-migraine-patients
#18
Jixin Liu, Shaohui Ma, Junya Mu, Tao Chen, Qing Xu, Wanghuan Dun, Jie Tian, Ming Zhang
Individual differences of brain changes of neural communication and integration in the modular architecture of the human brain network exist for the repeated migraine attack and physical or psychological stressors. However, whether the interindividual variability in the migraine brain connectome predicts placebo response to placebo treatment is still unclear. Using DTI and graph theory approaches, we systematically investigated the topological organization of white matter networks in 71 patients with migraine without aura (MO) and 50 matched healthy controls at three levels: global network measure, nodal efficiency, and nodal intramodule/intermodule efficiency...
July 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726653/retrospective-study-of-evaluation-of-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-and-intact-coronary-arteries-evaluation-of-treatment-approaches-outcome-and-prognosis
#19
E Tsetskhladze, I Khintibidze
Myocardial infarction with normal coronary arteries is a well known pathology. It may or may not be associated with left ventricle wall motion abnormalities. Data was reviewed retrospectively for patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction who underwent cardiac catheterization. From the total number of patients evaluated 10.3% (17) patients had Myocardial Infarction with normal coronary arteries. Females were more likely to present with MINCA then males. Coronary flow was normal in 11 from 17 patients with MINCA...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726466/correction-to-summary-report-of-journal-operations-2014
#20
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Summary report of journal operations, 2014" by (American Psychologist, 2015[Jul-Aug], Vol 70[5], 455-456). In the report on p. 455 the columns displaying average publication lag time for online first and print articles were reversed. In addition, the reported number of accepted manuscripts for the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology should be 118, not 65, and the rejection rate should be 86% rather than 91%. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2015-33530-012...
July 2017: American Psychologist
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