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Abnormal Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215515/isolated-absent-thelarche-in-a-patient-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-and-acromegaly
#1
Anne E Martini, Jessica R Zolton, Alan H DeCherney
BACKGROUND: Isolated absent thelarche is a rare condition that is infrequently reviewed in the literature. CASE: A 28-year-old woman with neurofibromatosis type 1 and acromegaly presented with absent breast development despite hormone therapy. Examination noted a normally developed woman with acromegalic features and Tanner stage I breasts. Hormone studies and karyotype were normal. Magnetic resonance imaging of the patient's brain demonstrated a voluminous pituitary...
December 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205691/intravenous-immunoglobulin-in-drug-and-device-refractory-patients-with-the-symptoms-of-gastroparesis-an-open-label-study
#2
M Ashat, A Lewis, H Liaquat, A Stocker, L McElmurray, V Vedanarayanan, K Soota, T Howell, A Kedar, J Obert, T L Abell
BACKGROUND: Gastroparesis is a complex clinical entity; many aspects of which remain unknown. Although most patients have idiopathic, diabetic, or postsurgical gastroparesis, many are thought to have measurable neuromuscular abnormalities. Immunotherapy has recently been utilized to treat suspected autoimmune gastrointestinal dysmotility. METHODS: Fourteen patients with symptoms of gastroparesis (Gp) who were refractory to drug/device were selected from 443 Gp patients from 2013 to 2015 who were treated at the University of Louisville motility center...
December 4, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201928/abnormal-pain-response-after-a-compensable-shoulder-injury
#3
Helen Razmjou, Dragana Boljanovic, Amr Elmaraghy, Iona Macritchie, Carolyn Roknic, Danielle Medeiros, Robin R Richards
Background: The role of psychosocial factors has been established in patients with shoulder abnormalities. However, the prevalence of exaggerated pain behaviors and their association with the characteristics of injured workers have not been well studied. Purpose: To examine the prevalence of abnormal pain responses (APRs) in workers with active workers' compensation claims for a shoulder injury and to examine the differences between workers with APRs versus workers without APRs...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194773/plasma-il-8-signature-correlates-with-pain-and-depressive-symptomatology-in-patients-with-burning-mouth-syndrome-results-from-a-pilot-study
#4
Alison Barry, Ken D O'Halloran, Joseph P McKenna, Christine McCreary, Eric J Downer
BACKGROUND: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a neuropathic orofacial pain condition of unknown aetiology that encompasses intra-oral burning pain without abnormal clinical findings. Psychological, neural and inflammatory processes are associated with BMS pathogenesis. Currently, studies characterising plasma cytokine/chemokine profiles with pain and depression in BMS patients are lacking. Considering that inflammation is associated with the pathophysiology of BMS, and that inflammation is closely associated with pain and depression, we aimed to correlate depressive symptomatology and oral cavity pain with plasma cytokine/chemokine signatures in a cohort of patients with BMS...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186169/epidemiology-of-severe-mental-illness-in-hunan-province-in-central-china-during-2014-2015-a-multistage-cross-sectional-study
#5
Dongxin Wang, Jing Ma, Lihong Tan, Yan Chen, Xiaosong Li, Xuefei Tian, Xuhui Zhou, Xuejun Liu
OBJECTIVE: Severe mental illness (SMI) represents major social and public health problem in China, especially in low- or middle-income regions. We aim to assess the prevalence and distribution of SMI in Hunan province in central China. METHODS: Multistage stratified random sampling methods were used to select qualified subjects in 123 districts and counties in Hunan province. 89465 individuals were randomly identified, and 72999 (81.6%) completed the supplemental 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and Cue questionnaire of psychiatric abnormal behaviors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185805/an-optimized-method-for-bayesian-connectivity-change-point-model
#6
Xiuchun Xiao, Bing Liu, Jing Zhang, Xueli Xiao, Yi Pan
The brain undergoes functional dynamic changes at all times. Investigating functional dynamics has been recently verified to be helpful for detecting psychological conditions and powerful for analyzing disease-related abnormalities of the brain. This article aims to detect functional dynamics. Specifically, we focus on how to effectively distinguish corresponding functional connectivity and change points from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. By combining Bayesian connectivity change point model (BCCPM), a modified genetic algorithm (GA) is presented to optimize the evolutionary procedure toward the most probable distributions of real change points in fMRI...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174765/attention-training-modulates-resting-state-neurophysiological-abnormalities-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#7
Amy Badura-Brack, Timothy J McDermott, Katherine M Becker, Tara J Ryan, Maya M Khanna, Daniel S Pine, Yair Bar-Haim, Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, Tony W Wilson
Recent research indicates the relative benefits of computerized attention control treatment (ACT) and attention bias modification treatment (ABMT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, neural changes underlying these therapeutic effects remain unknown. This study examines how these two types of attention training modulate neurological dysfunction in veterans with PTSD. A community sample of 46 combat veterans with PTSD participated in a randomized double-blinded clinical trial of ACT versus ABMT and 32 of those veterans also agreed to undergo resting-state magnetoencephalography (MEG) recordings...
November 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163108/alterations-in-white-matter-integrity-in-young-adults-with-smartphone-dependence
#8
Yuanming Hu, Xiaojing Long, Hanqing Lyu, Yangyang Zhou, Jianxiang Chen
Smartphone dependence (SPD) is increasingly regarded as a psychological problem, however, the underlying neural substrates of SPD is still not clear. High resolution magnetic resonance imaging provides a useful tool to help understand and manage the disorder. In this study, a tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) analysis on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was used to measure white matter integrity in young adults with SPD. A total of 49 subjects were recruited and categorized into SPD and control group based on their clinical behavioral tests...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152685/cerebral-palsy-an-overview
#9
REVIEW
Sheffali Gulati, Vishal Sondhi
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by abnormalities of muscle tone, movement and motor skills, and is attributed to injury to the developing brain. The clinical features of this entity evolve over time and the specific CP syndrome may be recognizable only after 3-5 y of age; although suggestive signs and symptoms may be present at an earlier age. The management involves neurological rehabilitation (addressing muscle tonal abnormalities, and devising physical and occupational therapies) and diagnosis and management of co-morbidities (including epilepsy, impairment of cognition, vision, hearing, and disturbances of growth and gastrointestinal function)...
November 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152440/risperidone-induced-amenorrhea-in-floridly-psychotic-female
#10
Shanila Shagufta, Faiza Farooq, Ali M Khan, Kamil Dar, Abdul Mohit
Despite the high prevalence of hyperprolactinemia in patients receiving antipsychotic medications, its side effects are often neglected. In patients receiving risperidone, the incidence of menstrual abnormalities is relatively small. Our patient was a 44-year-old, Haitian female whose total course of hospitalization was nine months, during most of which she remained floridly psychotic with low cognitive function with waxing and waning symptoms. She developed hyperprolactinemia and amenorrhea on risperidone...
September 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152209/case-control-study-hyperbaric-oxygen-treatment-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-persistent-post-concussion-syndrome-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#11
Paul G Harch, Susan R Andrews, Edward F Fogarty, Juliette Lucarini, Keith W Van Meter
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) persistent post-concussion syndrome (PPCS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are epidemic in United States Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans. Treatment of the combined diagnoses is limited. The aim of this study is to assess safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) for mild TBI PPCS and PTSD. Thirty military subjects aged 18-65 with PPCS with or without PTSD and from one or more blast-induced mild-moderate traumatic brain injuries that were a minimum of 1 year old and occurred after 9/11/2001 were studied...
July 2017: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144152/new-psychometric-data-from-the-spanish-versions-of-the-glasgow-dyspepsia-severity-score-and-the-dyspepsia-related-health-scale-measures
#12
Miren Orive, Ane Antón-Ladislao, Nerea González, Begoña Matellanes, Jesús Ángel Padierna, José Luis Cabriada, Aitor Orive, Víctor Manuel Orive, José María Quintana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There are no structural abnormalities in functional dyspepsia, therefore it is essential to have a viable questionnaire to measure treatment outcome according to patient perception. The aim of the study was to extensively document psychometric characteristics of the Glasgow Dyspepsia Severity Score and the Dyspepsia-Related Health Scale that are currently available in Spanish. METHODS: Patients with functional dyspepsia (n = 158) were recruited from a randomized trial that assessed standard vs...
November 16, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142446/hysterosalpingographic-hsg-pattern-of-infertility-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#13
Chinwe R Onwuchekwa, Vaduneme K Oriji
Background: Infertility is a complex disorder with significant medical, psychological and economic problems. Aims: The aim of the study is to evaluate the structural abnormalities of the uterus and fallopian tubes in infertile women as elucidated by hysterosalpingography. Setting and Design: A retrospective study, conducted at the Radiology and Obstetric and Gynaecologic Departments of a tertiary health care institution. Materials and Methods: Evaluation of all consecutive patients in whom hysterosalpingographic (HSG) was performed for infertility between July 2013 and June 2015 in the Department of Radiology...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135596/general-anesthetics-to-treat-major-depressive-disorder-clinical-relevance-and-underlying-mechanisms
#14
Laszlo Vutskits
Major depressive disorder is a frequent and devastating psychological condition with tremendous public health impact. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms involve abnormal neurotransmission and a relatedly impaired synaptic plasticity. Since general anesthetics are potent modulators of neuronal activity and, thereby, can exert long-term context-dependent impact on neural networks, an intriguing hypothesis is that these drugs could enhance impaired neural plasticity associated with certain psychiatric diseases...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135393/assessing-psychological-distress-in-cancer-patients-the-use-of-distress-thermometer-in-an-outpatient-cancer-hematology-treatment-center
#15
Kareen N Tonsing, Martha Vungkhanching
The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of the distress thermometer (DT) and the accompanying problem checklist (PC) as a screening tool for psychological distress and the sources of those distress at an outpatient cancer treatment center in Central California. Forty-three patients completed the DT and the PC. Based on a recommended DT cutoff score of 4, patients were classified as "distressed" (>4) and "not-distressed" (<4). Respondents ranged in age from 34 to 87 years (mean = 60.44, SD = 12...
November 14, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129830/psychological-stress-exposure-to-aged-mice-causes-abnormal-feeding-patterns-with-changes-in-the-bout-number
#16
Chihiro Yamada, Sachiko Mogami, Tomohisa Hattori
Stress responses are affected by aging. However, studies on stress-related changes in feeding patterns with aging subject are minimal. We investigated feeding patterns induced by two psychological stress models, revealing characteristics of stress-induced feeding patterns as "meal" and "bout" (defined as the minimum feeding behavior parameters) in aged mice. Feeding behaviors of C57BL/6J mice were monitored for 24 h by an automatic monitoring device. Novelty stress reduced the meal amount over the 24 h in both young and aged mice, but as a result of a time course study it was persistent in aged mice...
November 9, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127230/primary-care-management-of-headaches-and-how-direct-access-mri-fits-a-qualitative-study-of-uk-general-practitioners-views
#17
Raphael Underwood, Rachael Kilner, Leone Ridsdale
OBJECTIVES: To develop a better understanding of general practitioners' (GPs) views and experiences of the management of patients with headaches and use of direct-access MRI scans, and observe outcomes of an educational session offered by a GP with a special interest (GPwSI) to GPs. DESIGN: A qualitative study using semistructured interviews, analysed using thematic analysis. A GPwSI in headaches visited practices delivering a talk on headache medication, diagnosis and management...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126130/physician-preferences-to-communicate-neuropsychological-results-comparison-of-qualitative-descriptors-and-a-proposal-to-reduce-communication-errors
#18
Mike R Schoenberg, Katie E Osborn, E Mark Mahone, Maia Feigon, Robert M Roth, Neil H Pliskin
Objective: Errors in communication are a leading cause of medical errors. A potential source of error in communicating neuropsychological results is confusion in the qualitative descriptors used to describe standardized neuropsychological data. This study sought to evaluate the extent to which medical consumers of neuropsychological assessments believed that results/findings were not clearly communicated. In addition, preference data for a variety of qualitative descriptors commonly used to communicate normative neuropsychological test scores were obtained...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125530/the-impact-of-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-on-subjective-and-objective-outcome-measures-in-individuals-with-vestibular-disorders
#19
Sara G MacDowell, Rachel Trommelen, Ashlen Bissell, Lisa Knecht, Caitlin Naquin, Aryn Karpinski
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common in individuals with vestibular disorders and anecdotally symptoms of these disorders have been associated with poorer scores on subjective outcome measures of dizziness and balance. It is unknown if symptoms of psychological distress impact individual outcomes with vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT). OBJECTIVE: To compare subjective and objective outcome measures in subjects with vestibular disorders who have symptoms of anxiety and/or depression to those who do not exhibit those symptoms...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119956/-a-study-of-the-effective-psychotherapist-image-and-expectations-about-psychotherapy-among-the-employees-of-hazardous-occupations-policemen
#20
V A Agarkov, S A Bronfman, D Y Maltseva
BACKGRAUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the expectations about psychotherapy in terms of social and medical rehabilitation among the employees of hazardous occupations suffering from the consequences of a psychological trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 subjects employed by various departments of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) were recruited to participate in the study. Their age varied from 19 to 35 (mean 25.8±3...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
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