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metabolically healthy obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342196/low-fitness-is-associated-with-abdominal-adiposity-and-low-grade-inflammation-independent-of-bmi
#1
Anne-Sophie Wedell-Neergaard, Louise Eriksen, Morten Grønbæk, Bente Klarlund Pedersen, Rikke Krogh-Madsen, Janne Tolstrup
OBJECTIVE: Up to 30% of obese individuals are metabolically healthy. Metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals are characterized by having low abdominal adiposity, low inflammation level and low risk of developing metabolic comorbidity. In this study, we hypothesize that cardiorespiratory fitness (fitness) is a determinant factor for the MHO individuals and aim to investigate the associations between fitness, abdominal adiposity and low-grade inflammation within different BMI categories...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341865/evidence-of-genetic-predisposition-for-metabolically-healthy-obesity-and-metabolically-obese-normal-weight
#2
Lam Opal Huang, Ruth Loos, Tuomas Oskari Kilpeläinen
Obesity has evolved into a global pandemic, which constitutes a major threat to public health. The majority of obesity-related health care costs are due to cardiometabolic complications, such as insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension, which are risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, many obese individuals, often called metabolically healthy obese (MHO), seem to be protected from these cardiometabolic complications. Conversely, there is a group of individuals who suffer from cardiometabolic complications despite being of normal weight; a condition termed metabolically obese normal weight (MONW)...
December 20, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340699/long-term-expression-of-glomerular-genes-in-diabetic-nephropathy
#3
Dominik Chittka, Bernhard Banas, Laura Lennartz, Franz Josef Putz, Kathrin Eidenschink, Sebastian Beck, Thomas Stempfl, Christoph Moehle, Simone Reichelt-Wurm, Miriam C Banas
Background: Although diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common cause for end-stage renal disease in western societies, its pathogenesis still remains largely unclear. A different gene pattern of diabetic and healthy kidney cells is one of the probable explanations. Numerous signalling pathways have emerged as important pathophysiological mechanisms for diabetes-induced renal injury. Methods: Glomerular cells, as podocytes or mesangial cells, are predominantly involved in the development of diabetic renal lesions...
January 11, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331169/the-introduction-of-simple-cardiorespiratory-fitness-testing-in-overweight-obese-type-2-diabetics-a-pilot-study
#4
Ľubica Cibičková, David Karásek, Jiří Lukeš, Norbert Cibiček
BACKGROUND: Low level of cardiorespiratory fitness has been recognized as an important independent and modifiable risk factor of increased morbidity and mortality. However, in standard outpatient settings, patients are not routinely screened for fitness and advantages of such testing for the management of type 2 diabetes have not been defined. Aim To describe the toleration of a fast, simple and practicable fitness test (2-min step-in-place test) by overweight/obese type 2 diabetics and their performance indicated by 2-min step-in-place test score (STS)...
January 14, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329795/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-adipose-tissue-biology
#5
REVIEW
Ondrej Kuda, Martin Rossmeisl, Jan Kopecky
This review provides evidence for the importance of white and brown adipose tissue (i.e. WAT and BAT) function for the maintenance of healthy metabolic phenotype and its preservation in response to omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFA), namely in the context of diseased states linked to aberrant accumulation of body fat, systemic low-grade inflammation, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. More specifically, the review deals with (i) the concept of immunometabolism, i.e. how adipose-resident immune cells and adipocytes affect each other and define the immune-metabolic interface; and (ii) the characteristic features of "healthy adipocytes" in WAT, which are relatively small fat cells endowed with a high capacity for mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, triacylglycerol/fatty acid (TAG/FA) cycling and de novo lipogenesis (DNL)...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328029/-metabolic-secretion-in-reproductive-age-women-with-obesity
#6
A Malazonia, T Zerekidze, N Vekua, N Chkheidze, K Asatiani
For the last decade melatonin has attracted attention as a neuroregulator in pathogenesis of obesity and metabolic syndrome. The aim of our study is to evaluate the characteristics of metabolic secretion in obese women of reproductive age. The study was conducted on the total number of 120 women. Eighty women with obesity formed the case group, and forty healthy women - the control group. Carbohydrate metabolism, lipid profile and serum levels of melatonin were evaluated in all study subjects. According to the results, 61...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325128/relationship-between-twelve-adipocytokines-and-distinct-components-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Thomas Ebert, Claudia Gebhardt, Markus Scholz, Tobias Wohland, Dorit Schleinitz, Mathias Fasshauer, Matthias Blüher, Michael Stumvoll, Peter Kovacs, Anke Tönjes
Objective: Adipose tissue-derived signals potentially link obesity and adipose tissue dysfunction with metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Although some adipocytokines have been closely related to metabolic and cardiovascular traits, it remains open which adipocytokine or adipocytokine cluster serve as meaningful marker of metabolic syndrome (MS) components. Therefore, this study investigates the associations of twelve adipocytokines with components of the MS to identify the most relevant cytokines potentially related to specific metabolic profiles...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319402/interaction-of-metabolic-health-and-obesity-on-subclinical-target-organ-damage
#8
Hyun-Jung Lee, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Jaehoon Chung, Woo-Hyun Lim, Jae-Bin Seo, Sang-Hyun Kim, Joo-Hee Zo, Myung-A Kim
BACKGROUND: Metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals generally show better cardiovascular prognosis compared with metabolically unhealthy counterparts, which may be related to different patterns of target organ damage (TOD). We aimed to investigate the patterns of TOD related to obesity and metabolic unhealthiness. METHODS: A total of 659 Korean adults (mean age, 60.0 ± 11.8 years; male, 51.1%) undergoing health examinations were stratified into four groups according to obesity (body mass index ≥25...
January 10, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317623/glp-1-release-and-vagal-afferent-activation-mediate-the-beneficial-metabolic-and-chronotherapeutic-effects-of-d-allulose
#9
Yusaku Iwasaki, Mio Sendo, Katsuya Dezaki, Tohru Hira, Takehiro Sato, Masanori Nakata, Chayon Goswami, Ryohei Aoki, Takeshi Arai, Parmila Kumari, Masaki Hayakawa, Chiaki Masuda, Takashi Okada, Hiroshi Hara, Daniel J Drucker, Yuichiro Yamada, Masaaki Tokuda, Toshihiko Yada
Overeating and arrhythmic feeding promote obesity and diabetes. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists are effective anti-obesity drugs but their use is limited by side effects. Here we show that oral administration of the non-calorie sweetener, rare sugar D-allulose (D-psicose), induces GLP-1 release, activates vagal afferent signaling, reduces food intake and promotes glucose tolerance in healthy and obese-diabetic animal models. Subchronic D-allulose administered at the light period (LP) onset ameliorates LP-specific hyperphagia, visceral obesity, and glucose intolerance...
January 9, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313984/dietary-branched-chain-amino-acids-and-metabolic-health-when-less-is-more
#10
Cristal M Hill, Christopher D Morrison
Within obesity research it is almost axiomatic that the consumption of adequate protein is healthy. A large body of work suggests that high protein diets reduce food intake, while maintaining protein intake but reducing caloric intake promotes fat loss while sustaining lean mass. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 5, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312471/an-epigenome-wide-study-of-obesity-in-african-american-youth-and-young-adults-novel-findings-replication-in-neutrophils-and-relationship-with-gene-expression
#11
Xiaoling Wang, Yue Pan, Haidong Zhu, Guang Hao, Yisong Huang, Vernon Barnes, Huidong Shi, Harold Snieder, James Pankow, Kari North, Megan Grove, Weihua Guan, Ellen Demerath, Yanbin Dong, Shaoyong Su
Background: We conducted an epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) on obesity in healthy youth and young adults and further examined to what extent identified signals influenced gene expression and were independent of cell type composition and obesity-related cardio-metabolic risk factors. Genome-wide DNA methylation data from leukocytes were obtained from 700 African Americans aged 14-36. We also measured genome-wide DNA methylation data from neutrophils as well as genome-wide gene expression data from leukocytes in a subset of samples (n = 188)...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306658/elevating-adipose-eosinophils-in-obese-mice-to-physiologically-normal-levels-does-not-rescue-metabolic-impairments
#12
W Reid Bolus, Kristin R Peterson, Merla J Hubler, Arion J Kennedy, Marnie L Gruen, Alyssa H Hasty
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a metabolic disorder that has reached epidemic proportions worldwide and leads to increased risk for diabetes, cardiovascular disease, asthma, certain cancers, and various other diseases. Obesity and its comorbidities are associated with impaired adipose tissue (AT) function. In the last decade, eosinophils have been identified as regulators of proper AT function. Our study aimed to determine whether normalizing the number of AT eosinophils in obese mice, to those of lean healthy mice, would reduce obesity and/or improve metabolic fitness...
December 16, 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304747/adipokines-levels-in-hiv-infected-patients-lipocalin-2-and-fatty-acid-binding-protein-4-as-possible-markers-of-hiv-and-antiretroviral-therapy-related-adipose-tissue-inflammation
#13
Mario Luca Morieri, Viola Guardigni, Juana Maria Sanz, Edoardo Dalla Nora, Cecilia Soavi, Giovanni Zuliani, Laura Sighinolfi, Angelina Passaro
BACKGROUND: Metabolic and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) represent a major problem in HIV infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART) with circulating levels of two adipokines (Lipocalin-2 and Fatty Acid Binding Protein-4, FABP-4), known to be associated with adipose tissue dysfunction and cardiovascular disease in the general population. METHODS: We enrolled 40 non-obese HIV-infected patients and 10 healthy controls of similar age and Body Mass Index (BMI)...
January 5, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298969/-dietetary-recommendation-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
REVIEW
Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Joanna Ostrowska, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Iwona Boniecka, Wioletta Gronostajska
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common chronic liver disease in the developed world. Nowadays, in the adult population of Europe it is estimated at 14% to 21%. Its most important risk factors are obesity and metabolic syndrome. Introducing lifestyle changes such as: dietary intervention and increased physical activity are the first-line treatment and are intended to support not only NAFLD but also associated diseases such as obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes and dyslipidemia...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295869/macrophage-activation-marker-scd163-correlates-with-accelerated-lipolysis-following-lps-exposure-a-human-randomised-clinical-trial
#15
Nikolaj Rittig, Mads Svart, Niels Jessen, Niels Møller, Holger J Møller, Henning Grønbæk
BACKGROUND: Macrophage activation determined by levels of soluble sCD163 is associated with obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This suggests that macrophage activation is involved in the pathogenesis of conditions is characterised by adaptions in the lipid metabolism. Since sCD163 is shed to serum by inflammatory signals including lipopolysaccharides (LPS, endotoxin), we investigated sCD163 and correlations with lipid metabolism following LPS exposure...
January 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295622/food-bioactives-and-their-effects-on-obesity-accelerated-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Yi-Shiou Chiou, Pei-Sheng Lee, Min-Hsiung Pan
Current views support the concept that obesity is linked to a worsening of the course of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Gut microbiota and adipose tissue macrophage (ATM) are considered key mediators or contributors in obesity-associated intestinal inflammation. Dietary components can have direct or indirect effects on 'normal' or 'healthy' microbial composition and participate in adiposity and metabolic status with gut inflammation. In this review, we highlight food-derived bioactives that have a potential application in the prevention of obesity-exacerbated IBD, targeting energy metabolism, M1 (classical activated)-M2 (alternatively activated) macrophage polarization, and gut microbiota...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295487/infant-feeding-beliefs-attitudes-knowledge-and-practices-of-chinese-immigrant-mothers-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Qun Le, Mary L Greaney
Chinese are a fast-growing immigrant population group in several parts of the world (e.g., Australia, Canada, Europe, Southeast Asia, United States). Research evidence suggests that compared to non-Hispanic whites, individuals of Asian-origin including Chinese are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes at a lower body mass index (BMI). These risks may be possibly due to genetic differences in body composition and metabolic responses. Despite the increasing numbers of Chinese children growing up in immigrant families and the increasing prevalence of obesity among Chinese, little research has been focused on children of Chinese immigrant families...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290033/effects-of-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-pediatric-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Kristen Sgambat, Sarah Clauss, K Y Lei, Juizhou Song, Shaik O Rahaman, Margaret Lasota, Asha Moudgil
BACKGROUND: Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) are common after kidney transplantation, but their contribution to adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in children are not well known. A prospective, controlled, longitudinal cohort study was conducted to investigate the effects of obesity and MS on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and myocardial strain in pediatric kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: Transplant recipients (n = 42) had anthropometrics [body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio], biochemical parameters (fasting glucose, lipid panel, HbA1c%), and echocardiogram with speckle tracking analysis for strain measured at 1, 18, and 30 months post-transplant...
December 30, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289537/early-postpartum-metabolic-syndrome-in-women-with-or-without-gestational-diabetes-results-from-life-after-gestational-diabetes-ahvaz-cohort-study
#19
Sedigheh Nouhjah, Hajieh Shahbazian, Nahid Shahbazian, Shayesteh Jahanfar, Alireza Jahanshahi, Bahman Cheraghian, Zeinab Dehghan Mohammadi, Niloofar Ghodrati, Sousan Houshmandi
AIMS: This study aimed to determine the prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome and its potential risk factors, 6-12 weeks postpartum in women with GDM compared to women with normal glucose tolerance. METHODS: LAGAs is an ongoing population-based prospective cohort study that started in March 2015 in Ahvaz, Iran. During 11 months of study progression, 176 women with GDM pregnancy and 86 healthy women underwent a fasting glucose test, 75-g OGTT and fasting lipid tests at 6-12 weeks postpartum...
December 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286520/serum-content-of-total-adipionectin-in-the-chnpp-accident-clean-up-workers-of-the-%C3%A2-iodine-period%C3%A2-suffering-from-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-literature-review-and-research-data
#20
N S Dombrovska, O Ya Pleskach
OBJECTIVE: assay of the total adiponectin level in the ChNPP accident clean up workers (ACUW) of the «iodine peri od» exposed to ionizing radiation in a young age and suffering now from type 2 diabetes mellitusMaterials and methods. The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident clean up workers (ACUW) of the iodine period (n=111) exposed to ionizing radiation at a young age (18-35 years) were examined in two groups: Group I (main study group, n=66) of persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and Group II (comparison group, n=45) of persons with normal glucose challenge test results...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
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