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FGFR inhibitors toxicity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334610/phase-ii-study-of-dovitinib-in-patients-with-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-kcsg-gu11-05
#1
Yoon Ji Choi, Hye Sook Kim, Se Hoon Park, Bong-Seog Kim, Kyoung Ha Kim, Hyo Jin Lee, Hong Suk Song, Dong-Yeop Shin, Ha Young Lee, Hoon-Gu Kim, Kyung Hee Lee, Jae Lyun Lee, Kyong Hwa Park
Purpose: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signals are important in carcinogenesis and progression of prostate cancer. Dovitinib is an oral, pan-class inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR). We evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of dovitinib in men with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Materials and Methods: This study was a single-arm, phase II, open-label, multicenter trial of dovitinib 500mg/day (5-days-on/2-days-off schedule)...
January 2, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282682/targeted-therapies-against-growth-factor-signaling-in-breast-cancer
#2
Juan Du, Yu Yu, Jun Zhan, Hongquan Zhang
Breast cancer is the most prevalent female malignancy throughout the world. Conventional treatment strategies for breast cancer consist of chemotherapy, radiation, surgery, chemoradiation, hormone therapy, and targeted therapies. Among them, targeted therapies show advantages to reduce cost and toxicity for being possible for individualized treatments based on the intrinsic subtypes of breast cancer. With deeper understanding of key signaling pathways concerning tumor growth and survival, growth factor-controlled signaling pathways are frequently dysregulated in the development and progression of breast cancer...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247039/h3b-6527-is-a-potent-and-selective-inhibitor-of-fgfr4-in-fgf19-driven-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
Jaya Julie Joshi, Heather Coffey, Erik Corcoran, Jennifer Tsai, Chia-Ling Huang, Kana Ichikawa, Sudeep Prajapati, Ming-Hong Hao, Suzanna Bailey, Jeremy Wu, Victoria Rimkunas, Craig Karr, Vanitha Subramanian, Pavan Kumar, Crystal MacKenzie, Raelene Hurley, Takashi Satoh, Kun Yu, Eunice Park, Nathalie Rioux, Amy Kim, Weidong G Lai, Lihua Yu, Ping Zhu, Silvia Buonamici, Nicholas Larsen, Peter Fekkes, John Wang, Markus Warmuth, Dominic J Reynolds, Peter G Smith, Anand Selvaraj
Activation of the fibroblast growth factor receptor FGFR4 by FGF19 drives hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a disease with few, if any, effective treatment options. While a number of pan-FGFR inhibitors are being clinically evaluated, their application to FGF19-driven HCC may be limited by dose-limiting toxicities mediated by FGFR1-3 receptors. To evade the potential limitations of pan-FGFR inhibitors, we generated H3B-6527, a highly selective covalent FGFR4 inhibitor, through structure-guided drug design. Studies in a panel of 40 HCC cell lines and 30 HCC PDX models showed that FGF19 expression is a predictive biomarker for H3B-6527 response...
December 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217514/novel-ocular-toxicity-associated-with-fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-fgfr-inhibitors-in-cancer-treatment-observational-case-series
#4
Daniel Velazquez-Villoria, Analia Azaro, Jordi Rodon, Cinta Hierro, Danai Kyriakou, Jose Garcia-Arumi, Miguel Angel Zapata
AIMS: To describe novel ocular toxicity in patients with metastatic cancer undergoing chemotherapy with fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitors. METHODS: This observational case series study included five patients with advanced cancer who received selected pan-FGFR inhibitors as single chemotherapy in the framework of a dose-finding study and phase I and phase II clinical studies. In all cases, subfoveal neurosensory retinal detachment was diagnosed...
December 7, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182496/phase-ii-study-of-bgj398-in-patients-with-fgfr-altered-advanced-cholangiocarcinoma
#5
Milind Javle, Maeve Lowery, Rachna T Shroff, Karl Heinz Weiss, Christoph Springfeld, Mitesh J Borad, Ramesh K Ramanathan, Lipika Goyal, Saeed Sadeghi, Teresa Macarulla, Anthony El-Khoueiry, Robin Kate Kelley, Ivan Borbath, Su Pin Choo, Do-Youn Oh, Philip A Philip, Li-Tzong Chen, Thanyanan Reungwetwattana, Eric Van Cutsem, Kun-Huei Yeh, Kristen Ciombor, Richard S Finn, Anuradha Patel, Suman Sen, Dale Porter, Randi Isaacs, Andrew X Zhu, Ghassan K Abou-Alfa, Tanios Bekaii-Saab
Purpose No standard treatment exists for patients with cholangiocarcinoma for whom first-line gemcitabine-based therapy fails. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 ( FGFR2) fusions/translocations are present in 13% to 17% of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas. BGJ398, an orally bioavailable, selective pan-FGFR kinase inhibitor, has shown preliminary clinical activity against tumors with FGFR alterations. Methods A multicenter, open-label, phase II study ( ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02150967) evaluated BGJ398 antitumor activity in patients age ≥ 18 years with advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma containing FGFR2 fusions or other FGFR alterations whose disease had progressed while receiving prior therapy...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101463/a-drug-drug-interaction-study-to-assess-the-effect-of-the-cyp1a2-inhibitor-fluvoxamine-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-dovitinib-tki258-in-patients-with-advanced-solid-tumors
#6
Vincent A de Weger, Sanjay Goel, Roger von Moos, Jan H M Schellens, Nicholas Mach, Eugene Tan, Suraj Anand, Jeffrey W Scott, Ulrik Lassen
PURPOSE: Dovitinib is an orally available multi tyrosine kinase inhibitor which inhibits VEGFR 1-3, FGFR 1-3, and PDGFR. This study was performed to investigate the potential drug-drug interaction of dovitinib with the CYP1A2 inhibitor fluvoxamine in patients with advanced solid tumors. METHODS: Non-smoking patients of ≥ 18 years with advanced solid tumors, excluding breast cancer, were included. Patients were treated with a dose of 300 mg in 5 days on/2 days off schedule...
November 3, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972963/a-phase-1-study-of-arq-087-an-oral-pan-fgfr-inhibitor-in-patients-with-advanced-solid-tumours
#7
K P Papadopoulos, B F El-Rayes, A W Tolcher, A Patnaik, D W Rasco, R D Harvey, P M LoRusso, J C Sachdev, G Abbadessa, R E Savage, T Hall, B Schwartz, Y Wang, J Kazakin, W L Shaib
BACKGROUND: ARQ 087 is an orally administered pan-FGFR inhibitor with multi-kinase activity. This Phase 1 study evaluated safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of ARQ 087 and defined the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D). METHODS: Patients with advanced solid tumours received ARQ 087 administered initially at 25 mg every other day and dose-escalated from 25 to 425 mg daily (QD) continuous dosing. FGF19, 21, 23, and serum phosphate were assessed as potential biomarkers of target engagement...
October 3, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965421/safety-and-efficacy-of-nintedanib-for-the-treatment-of-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Maria Carmen Riesco-Martinez, Ana Sanchez-Torre, Rocio Garcia-Carbonero
Nintedanib (BIBF 1200) is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFR), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGFR) and fibroblast growth factor (FGFR) receptors. It is approved in Europe in combination with docetaxel for patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma who have progressed to first-line chemotherapy. However, its role in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is uncertain. Recent results from the LUME-Colon 1 pivotal phase III trial showed only a marginal increase in progression free survival over placebo in refractory mCRC patients, with a toxicity profile similar to other antiangiogenic agents, and no benefit in overall survival...
November 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965185/safety-pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamics-of-erdafitinib-a-pan-fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-fgfr-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-in-patients-with-advanced-or-refractory-solid-tumors
#9
Tomohiro Nishina, Shunji Takahashi, Ryota Iwasawa, Hidehisa Noguchi, Masayuki Aoki, Toshihiko Doi
Introduction This phase 1, open-label, multicenter, single-arm, dose-escalation study aimed to evaluate safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics of erdafitinib (JNJ-42756493), an oral selective pan-fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, and to determine the recommended phase 2 dose in Japanese patients with advanced or refractory solid tumors. Methods Three to 6 patients were enrolled into sequentially escalating dose cohorts (erdafitinib 2, 4, or 6 mg) with a daily dosing schedule of 21-day cycles or a 7 days-on/7 days-off intermittent schedule (erdafitinib 10 mg or 12 mg) of 28-day cycles...
September 30, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728751/a-phase-ii-evaluation-of-brivanib-in-the-treatment-of-persistent-or-recurrent-carcinoma-of-the-cervix-an-nrg-oncology-gynecologic-oncology-group-study
#10
John K Chan, Wei Deng, Robert V Higgins, Krishnansu S Tewari, Albert J Bonebrake, Michael Hicks, Stephanie Gaillard, Pedro T Ramirez, Weldon Chafe, Bradley J Monk, Carol Aghajanian
BACKGROUND: Brivanib is an oral, tyrosine kinase inhibitor against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR). We studied its efficacy and tolerability in persistent or recurrent cervical cancer patients. METHODS: Eligible patients had at least one prior cytotoxic regimen for recurrence and with measurable disease. Brivanib 800mg was administered orally every day (1cycle=28days) until disease progression or prohibitive toxicity...
September 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721753/nintedanib-in-ovarian-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Saira Khalique, Susana Banerjee
Advanced ovarian cancer remains an unmet clinical need. Angiogenesis is considered a therapeutic target in ovarian cancer, with bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody against VEGF, being the first drug to show a progression-free survival benefit. Nintedanib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting VEGF receptor 1-3, FGFR 1-3 and PDGFR α and β, which has entered phase III trial development in ovarian cancer. Areas covered: This article reviews the preclinical and clinical efficacy of nintedanib in ovarian cancer, its pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics profile, safety issues, together with an overview of clinical trials carried out so far...
September 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624695/first-in-human-phase-i-study-of-oral-s49076-a-unique-met-axl-fgfr-inhibitor-in-advanced-solid-tumours
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jordi Rodon, Sophie Postel-Vinay, Antoine Hollebecque, Paolo Nuciforo, Analia Azaro, Valérie Cattan, Lucie Marfai, Isabelle Sudey, Karl Brendel, Audrey Delmas, Stéphanie Malasse, Jean-Charles Soria
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: S49076 is a novel ATP-competitive tyrosine kinase inhibitor of MET, AXL and FGFR with a unique selectivity profile. A phase I open-label study was undertaken to establish the tolerability profile and determine the recommended dose (RD) and administration schedule. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with advanced solid tumours received S49076 orally once-daily (qd) or twice-daily (bid) in continuous 21-day cycles at escalating doses guided by a 3 + 3 design and followed by an expansion phase at the RD...
August 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589492/a-phase-1-study-of-ly2874455-an-oral-selective-pan-fgfr-inhibitor-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#13
Michael Michael, Yung-Jue Bang, Young Suk Park, Yoon-Koo Kang, Tae Min Kim, Oday Hamid, Donald Thornton, Sonya C Tate, Eyas Raddad, Jeanne Tie
BACKGROUND: We report here a phase 1 study of LY2874455, a potent oral selective pan-fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitor. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to determine the recommended phase 2 dosing (RP2D). Secondary objectives included determining toxicity, antitumor activity, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties of LY2874455. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study comprised two parts: (a) dose escalation with 3 + 3 cohorts in patients with solid tumors and (b) dose-expansion cohorts in patients with gastric cancer (GC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
August 2017: Targeted Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377480/a-phase-ii-study-of-dovitinib-in-patients-with-recurrent-or-metastatic-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma
#14
Patrick M Dillon, Gina R Petroni, Bethany J Horton, Christopher A Moskaluk, Paula M Fracasso, Michael G Douvas, Nikole Varhegyi, Snjezana Zaja-Milatovic, Christopher Y Thomas
Purpose: Genetic and preclinical studies have implicated FGFR signaling in the pathogenesis of adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). Dovitinib, a suppressor of FGFR activity, may be active in ACC.Experimental Design: In a two-stage phase II study, 35 patients with progressive ACC were treated with dovitinib 500 mg orally for 5 of 7 days continuously. The primary endpoints were objective response rate and change in tumor growth rate. Progression-free survival, overall survival, metabolic response, biomarker, and quality of life were secondary endpoints...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161661/multi-chemotherapeutic-schedules-containing-the-pan-fgfr-inhibitor-arq-087-are-safe-and-show-antitumor-activity-in-different-xenograft-models
#15
Rosaria Chilà, Terence Hall G, Giovanni Abbadessa, Massimo Broggini, Giovanna Damia
ARQ 087 is a multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor with potent activity against the FGFR receptor family, currently in Phase I clinical studies for the treatment of advanced solid tumors. The compound has a very safe profile and induces tumor regressions in FGFR-driven models. The feasibility of combining ARQ 087 with chemotherapy was investigated in FGFR deregulated human xenografts. Nude mice were transplanted subcutaneously with H1581, and when tumor masses reached 150 mg, were randomized to receive vehicle, ARQ 087, paclitaxel, carboplatin as single agents or in combination...
April 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121208/fgfr-targeted-therapeutics-for-the-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Antonella De Luca, Daniela Frezzetti, Marianna Gallo, Nicola Normanno
Breast cancer is a complex disease and several molecular drivers regulate its progression. Fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) signaling is frequently deregulated in many cancers, including breast cancer. Due the involvement of the FGFR/FGF axis in the pathogenesis and progression of tumors, FGFR-targeted agents might represent a potential therapeutic option for breast cancer patients. Areas covered: This review offers an overview of targeted agents against FGFRs and their clinical development in breast cancer...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117910/oligodendroglial-fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-1-gene-targeting-protects-mice-from-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-through-erk-akt-phosphorylation
#17
Ranjithkumar Rajendran, Mario Giraldo Velásquez, Christine Stadelmann, Martin Berghoff
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) exert diverse biological effects by binding and activation of specific fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs). FGFs and FGFRs have been implicated in demyelinating pathologies including multiple sclerosis. In vitro activation of the FGF2/FGFR1 pathway results in downregulation of myelin proteins. FGF1, 2 and 9 have been shown to be involved in the pathology of multiple sclerosis. Recent studies on the function of oligodendroglial FGFR1 in a model of toxic demyelination showed that deletion of FGFR1 led to increased remyelination and preservation of axonal density and an increased number of mature oligodendrocytes...
January 24, 2017: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070720/safety-tolerability-and-pharmacokinetics-of-the-fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-inhibitor-azd4547-in-japanese-patients-with-advanced-solid-tumours-a-phase-i-study
#18
Hideo Saka, Chiyoe Kitagawa, Yoshihito Kogure, Yasuo Takahashi, Koshi Fujikawa, Tamotsu Sagawa, Satoru Iwasa, Naoki Takahashi, Taro Fukao, Catherine Tchinou, Dónal Landers, Yasuhide Yamada
Background AZD4547 is a potent, oral, highly selective fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitor in clinical development for treating tumours with a range of FGFR aberrations, including FGFR mutations, amplifications and fusions. Methods This open-label, Phase I, multicentre study (NCT01213160) evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary antitumour efficacy (RECIST v1.1) of AZD4547 monotherapy in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumours. Part A was a dose-escalation part; Part B was a dose-expansion part in patients with FGFR-amplified tumours, confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization...
August 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030802/inhibition-of-the-fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-fgfr-pathway-the-current-landscape-and-barriers-to-clinical-application
#19
REVIEW
Young Kwang Chae, Keerthi Ranganath, Peter S Hammerman, Christos Vaklavas, Nisha Mohindra, Aparna Kalyan, Maria Matsangou, Ricardo Costa, Benedito Carneiro, Victoria M Villaflor, Massimo Cristofanilli, Francis J Giles
The fibroblast growth factor/fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGF/FGFR) is a tyrosine kinase signaling pathway that has a fundamental role in many biologic processes including embryonic development, tissue regeneration, and angiogenesis. Increasing evidence indicates that this pathway plays a critical role in oncogenesis via gene amplification, activating mutations, or translocation in tumors of various histologies. With multiplex sequencing technology, the detection of FGFR aberrations has become more common and is tied to cancer cell proliferation, resistance to anticancer therapies, and neoangiogenesis...
February 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870574/evaluation-of-bgj398-a-fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-1-3-kinase-inhibitor-in-patients-with-advanced-solid-tumors-harboring-genetic-alterations-in-fibroblast-growth-factor-receptors-results-of-a-global-phase-i-dose-escalation-and-dose-expansion-study
#20
Lucia Nogova, Lecia V Sequist, Jose Manuel Perez Garcia, Fabrice Andre, Jean-Pierre Delord, Manuel Hidalgo, Jan H M Schellens, Philippe A Cassier, D Ross Camidge, Martin Schuler, Ulka Vaishampayan, Howard Burris, G Gary Tian, Mario Campone, Zev A Wainberg, Wan-Teck Lim, Patricia LoRusso, Geoffrey I Shapiro, Katie Parker, Xueying Chen, Somesh Choudhury, Francois Ringeisen, Diana Graus-Porta, Dale Porter, Randi Isaacs, Reinhard Buettner, Jürgen Wolf
Purpose This two-part, first-in-human study was initiated in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring genetic alterations in fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), the recommended phase II dose (RP2D), and the schedule, safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and antitumor activity of oral BGJ398, a selective FGFR1-3 tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Patients and Methods Adult patients were treated with escalating dosages of BGJ398 5 to 150 mg once daily or 50 mg twice daily continuously in 28-day cycles...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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