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neonatal pneumonia congenital

Mengqian Wu, Nanya Hao, Bo Yan, Xiaosa Chi, Dong Zhou
PURPOSE: Valproate is an effective wide-spectrum anti-epileptic drug that is also known to be teratogenic. Its administration in epileptic women remains controversial. This report aims to draw more attention to valproate adjustment before and during pregnancy. METHODS: We collected medical records of pregnant women with epilepsy at West China Hospital in Chengdu, China who developed status epilepticus during pregnancy after valproate withdrawal or reduction in dose from January 2013 to July 2015...
November 14, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Kristen Nelson-McMillan, Christoph P Hornik, Xia He, Luca A Vricella, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Kevin D Hill, Sara K Pasquali, Diane E Alejo, Duke E Cameron, Marshall L Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Delayed sternal closure (DSC) is commonly used to optimize hemodynamic stability after neonatal and infant heart surgery. We hypothesized that duration of sternum left open (SLO) was associated with rate of infection complications, and that location of sternal closure may mitigate infection risk. METHODS: Infants (age ≤365 days) undergoing index operations with cardiopulmonary bypass and DSC at STS Congenital Heart Surgery Database centers (from 2007 to 2013) with adequate data quality were included...
October 6, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Cinthia G Pérez, Aixa Reusmann
Congenital tracheo-or-bronchobiliary fistula or congenital he-patopulmonary fistula is a rare malformation with high morbidity and mortality if the diagnosis is not made early. The tracheo-or-bronchobiliary fistula is a communication between the respiratory (trachea or bronchus) and biliary tract. To date, only 35 cases have been published worldwide. We report a case of a neonate with right pneumonia and bilious fluid in the endotracheal tube. Diagnosis was made using bronchoscopy with fluoroscopy. Videothoracoscopy was used to remove the bronchobiliary fistula...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Massimo De Paschale, Pierangelo Clerici
Varicella-zoster virus, which is responsible for varicella (chickenpox) and herpes zoster (shingles), is ubiquitous and causes an acute infection among children, especially those aged less than six years. As 90% of adults have had varicella in childhood, it is unusual to encounter an infected pregnant woman but, if the disease does appear, it can lead to complications for both the mother and fetus or newborn. The major maternal complications include pneumonia, which can lead to death if not treated. If the virus passes to the fetus, congenital varicella syndrome, neonatal varicella (particularly serious if maternal rash appears in the days immediately before or after childbirth) or herpes zoster in the early years of life may occur depending on the time of infection...
August 12, 2016: World Journal of Virology
Peter Donnelly, Steven McVea, Christopher Flannigan, Sanjeev Bali
A 6-day-old term neonate who was intubated on day 1 of life for apnoeic episodes, was transferred to the regional paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) for specialist opinion following 3 failed extubations in the neonatal unit. Escherichia coli congenital pneumonia was diagnosed and the child discharged to the local hospital. Chest radiographs and inflammatory markers were in keeping with infection. However, ongoing difficulties with secretions necessitated readmission to the PICU, following a significant cyanotic episode associated with coughing...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
James Jackson Mulvany, Andrew Weatherall, Amanda Charlton, Hiran Selvadurai
Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE), a rare condition that usually presents in the neonatal period, can be a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the treating clinician. If unrecognised, it is a significant risk at the time of anaesthetic induction. We describe a case of CLE in a 3-month-old boy who was initially treated for suspected aspiration pneumonia at the referring hospital. We highlight the importance of careful consideration of common childhood respiratory illness as well as pneumothorax in the differential diagnosis, and the significance of appropriate preoperative anaesthetic management...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Mohamed Mansor Manan, Nazedah Ain Ibrahim, Noorizan Abd Aziz, Hanis Hanum Zulkifly, Yaser Mohammed Ali Al-Worafi, Chiau Ming Long
INTRODUCTION: To identify and assess the characteristics, risk and outcome of neonates treated with empiric antibiotics for suspected early onset sepsis (EOS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study conducted at a Malaysian government hospital. Records of neonatal patients admitted within 72 h of life and prescribed with empirical antibiotic therapy for suspected EOS were reviewed. RESULTS: Three hundred and twenty-three cases met the inclusion criteria and were divided into gestational age (premature < 36 weeks; term ≥ 37 weeks) and birth weight (low birth weight (LBW) < 2...
June 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Małgorzata Stojewska, Magdalena Wąsek-Buko, Behrendt Jakub, Dominika Wiśniewska-Ulfig, Anna Goleniowska-Król, Anna Szymańska, Urszula Godula-Stuglik
OBJECTIVE: Only a few studies on improving the early diagnosis of severe neonatal infections have focused on the role of serum RANTES concentration (sRC). The aim of the study was to establish sRC in neonates with early-onset infections, according to their gestational age, sex, birth asphyxia, mode of delivery and value of some biochemical and hematological parameters. MATERIAL/METHODS: The analysis comprised 129 neonates, including 89 infected (52 preterm, 37 full-term; 43 with sepsis, 39 with congenital pneumonia, 7 with severe urinary tract infection) and 40 healthy (control group, 25 full-term, 15 preterm)...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Qi-Jun Wu, Li-Li Li, Jing Li, Chen Zhou, Yan-Hong Huang
To investigate the rate and time trends of neonatal mortality from 1997 to 2014 in Shenyang, which were previously rarely reported upon by developing countries, data on 4719 neonatal deaths (0-28 days) and 970,583 live births from the Shenyang Women and Children Health Care Centre were analyzed. Neonatal mortality rates (per 1000 live births), percent change, and annual percent change (APC) were calculated. During the observation period, neonatal mortality in Shenyang significantly decreased by 7.04%, 8.33%, and 5...
March 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Melonie Heron
OBJECTIVES: This report presents final 2013 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death are also presented. This report supplements "Deaths: Final Data for 2013," the National Center for Health Statistics’ annual report of final mortality statistics. METHODS: Data in this report are based on information from all death certificates filed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2013...
February 16, 2016: National Vital Statistics Reports
So Hyun Nam, Min Jeong Cho, Dae Yeon Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to present our experience with minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations (CCAMs). METHODS: The medical records of infants under 2 years of age who underwent operation for a CCAM from 2009 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: MIS (9 of thoracoscopy and 1 of laparoscopy) was performed for 10 infants (male:female = 7:3) with CCAM. CCAM were discovered prenatally around gestational age of 24...
February 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Meryem Kurek Eken, Abdulhamit Tüten, Enis Ozkaya, Emre Dinçer, Taylan Şenol, Güner Karatekin, Ateş Karateke
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal and neonatal risk factors associated with the length of hospital stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). MATERIAL AND METHOD: This retrospective observational study was based on 3607 newborns who were admitted to the NICU of a tertiary teaching hospital from January 2012 through December 2014. Known obstetric risk factors associated with duration of hospitalization in NICUs were assessed including intrauterine growth restriction, maternal diabetes, oligohydramnios, chorioamnionitis, premeture rupture of membranes, preeclampsia, congenital malformations, neonatal sepsis, premature retinopathy, intracranial bleeding, necrotizing enterocolitis, meconium aspiration, maternal hypertension, fetal congenital cardiac malformations, congenital metabolic diseases, congenital hypothyroidism, pneumonia, pulmonary hypertension, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, pneumothorax and respiratory distress syndrome...
November 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
B Frenckner
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a method for providing long-term treatment of a patient in a modified heart-lung machine. Desaturated blood is drained from the patient, oxygenated and pumped back to a major vein or artery. ECMO supports heart and lung function and may be used in severe heart and/or lung failure when conventional intensive care fails. The Stockholm programme started in 1987 with treatment of neonates. In 1995, the first adult patient was accepted onto the programme. Interhospital transportation during ECMO was started in 1996, which enabled retrieval of extremely unstable patients during ECMO...
December 2015: Journal of Internal Medicine
Ruifeng Lu, Xiaohong Li, Sufang Guo, Huiqing Wang, Jun Zhu, Chunhua He, Qi Li, Leni Kang, Yanping Wang, Jun Tang, Dezhi Mu
BACKGROUND: One of the proposed United Nations post-2015 sustainable development goals is to eliminate avoidable neonatal deaths by 2030. This study aims to examine changes in neonatal mortality rate (NMR) and cause-specific NMR in urban and rural areas to guide renewed efforts to further reduce NMR in China. METHODS: This retrospective study used 18 y of consecutive data from the National Under-5 Child Mortality Surveillance System. RESULTS: Urban NMR decreased from 11...
May 2016: Pediatric Research
Christian L Hermansen, Anand Mahajan
Newborn respiratory distress presents a diagnostic and management challenge. Newborns with respiratory distress commonly exhibit tachypnea with a respiratory rate of more than 60 respirations per minute. They may present with grunting, retractions, nasal flaring, and cyanosis. Common causes include transient tachypnea of the newborn, respiratory distress syndrome, meconium aspiration syndrome, pneumonia, sepsis, pneumothorax, persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn, and delayed transition. Congenital heart defects, airway malformations, and inborn errors of metabolism are less common etiologies...
December 1, 2015: American Family Physician
Melonie Heron
OBJECTIVES: This report presents final 2012 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death are also presented. This report supplements "Deaths: Final Data for 2012," the National Center for Health Statistics' annual report of final mortality statistics. METHODS: Data in this report are based on information from all death certificates filed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2012...
August 31, 2015: National Vital Statistics Reports
Fu-Kuei Huang, Hsiu-Lin Chen, Peng-Hong Yang, Hung-Chih Lin
Though the incidence of neonatal infection in term and near-term infants is relatively low, incidence of infection in preterm very low birth weight infants is as high as 20-30% and may result in neurodevelopmental impairment or mortality. Pediatricians should be familiar with recognition and emergency management of life-threatening neonatal infections, such as congenital pneumonia, early onset sepsis, late onset sepsis, bacterial and fungal meningitis, disseminated neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV), and HSV meningoencephalitis...
June 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Hironobu Tokumasu, Shinichi Watabe, Satoko Tokumasu
The clinical course of congenital neonatal sepsis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae progresses rapidly and results in multiorgan failure with high mortality. The swift progression of the disease limits the timeframe for conventional treatment, which often requires waiting for antibiotics to show efficacy. Here, we describe the case of a very low-birthweight (VLBW) female infant with congenital sepsis due to S. pneumoniae who was treated with continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF) and polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column-direct hemoperfusion (PMX-DHP)...
March 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Yanny Paola Delgado-Peña, Alba Torrent-Vernetta, Gabriela Sacoto, Inés de Mir-Messa, Sandra Rovira-Amigo, Silvia Gartner, Antonio Moreno-Galdó, José Andrés Molino-Gahete, Felíx Castillo-Salinas
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypoplasia is the most frequent congenital anomaly associated with perinatal mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective and descriptive review was conducted on cases of patients diagnosed with pulmonary hypoplasia between 1995 and 2014 in a tertiary university hospital. An analysis was made of the prenatal imaging, clinical manifestations, post-natal diagnostic tests, treatment and management, long-term follow up, and survival data...
August 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Marzya Mamyrbayeva, Nurbek Igissinov, Galina Zhumagaliyeva, Akmanat Shilmanova
BACKGROUND: In this study, we examined the epidemiological aspects of neonatal mortality due to intrauterine infections with regard to regional characteristics. METHODS: Consolidated report of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan on children deceased during their first 28 days of life due to intrauterine infections (P23 - congenital pneumonia, P35-39 - infectious diseases specific to the perinatal period) in the country and its regions for 2010 - 2014 was used in this investigation...
October 2015: Iranian Journal of Public Health
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