keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

satiation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631972/an-analysis-of-self-the-development-and-assessment-of-a-measure-of-selfobject-needs
#1
Eamonn Arble, Douglas Barnett
Based on the psychoanalysis of adults with borderline and narcissistic personality disorder symptoms, Kohut ( 1971 , 1977, 1980, 1984) formulated a theory of self psychology that emphasized the importance of early developmental experiences; most centrally, the empathic attunement of caregivers as key ingredients for fostering the capacity for healthy self-regulation and interpersonal relations. Kohut elaborated 3 critical selfobject needs (i.e., idealizing, mirroring, and twinship) that were ideally satiated by these early experiences, deeming the fulfillment of these needs as essential for developing a healthy sense of self...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630601/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-diets-and-body-composition
#2
REVIEW
Alan A Aragon, Brad J Schoenfeld, Robert Wildman, Susan Kleiner, Trisha VanDusseldorp, Lem Taylor, Conrad P Earnest, Paul J Arciero, Colin Wilborn, Douglas S Kalman, Jeffrey R Stout, Darryn S Willoughby, Bill Campbell, Shawn M Arent, Laurent Bannock, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jose Antonio
Position Statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) bases the following position stand on a critical analysis of the literature regarding the effects of diet types (macronutrient composition; eating styles) and their influence on body composition. The ISSN has concluded the following. 1) There is a multitude of diet types and eating styles, whereby numerous subtypes fall under each major dietary archetype. 2) All body composition assessment methods have strengths and limitations. 3) Diets primarily focused on fat loss are driven by a sustained caloric deficit...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625227/a-brief-review-of-salient-factors-influencing-adult-eating-behaviour
#3
Christine Emilien, James H Hollis
A better understanding of the factors that influence eating behaviour is of importance as our food choices are associated with the risk of developing chronic diseases such as obesity, CVD, type 2 diabetes or some forms of cancer. In addition, accumulating evidence suggests that the industrial food production system is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emission and may be unsustainable. Therefore, our food choices may also contribute to climate change. By identifying the factors that influence eating behaviour new interventions may be developed, at the individual or population level, to modify eating behaviour and contribute to society's health and environmental goals...
June 19, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589949/they-say-coconut-oil-can-aid-weight-loss-but-can-it-really
#4
M E Clegg
There has in recent years, been much media speculation and consumer interest in the beneficial satiating properties of consuming coconut oil and its potential to aid weight loss. However, the media has primarily cited studies using medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) oil. The current perspective looks at the research that is available on coconut oil. It examines if and how MCT-related research can be applied to coconut oil and if there is potential for coconut oil to aid weight loss. The current report indicates a lack of consistent evidence on the topic of coconut oil, satiety and weight loss...
June 7, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575174/effects-of-endogenous-oxytocin-receptor-signaling-in-nucleus-tractus-solitarius-on-satiation-mediated-feeding-and-thermogenic-control-in-male-rats
#5
Zhi Yi Ong, Diana M Bongiorno, Mary Ann Hernando, Harvey J Grill
Central oxytocin receptor (OT-R) signaling reduces food intake and increases energy expenditure, but the central sites and mechanisms mediating these effects are unresolved. We showed previously that pharmacological activation of OT-R in hindbrain/nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) amplifies the intake-inhibitory effects of gastrointestinal (GI) satiation signals. Unexplored were the energetic effects of hindbrain OT-R agonism and the physiological relevance of NTS OT receptor (OT-R) signaling on food intake and energy expenditure control...
May 29, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560529/desire-for-core-tastes-decreases-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-single-center-longitudinal-observational-study-with-6-month-follow-up
#6
Daniel Gero, Fadia Dib, Lara Ribeiro-Parenti, Konstantinos Arapis, Denis Chosidow, Jean-Pierre Marmuse
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) modifies gastrointestinal substances that control hunger and satiation via the brain-gut axis. A potential mechanism implicated in weight loss is the shift in food preferences. Our aim was to assess changes in taste preferences and their relationship to weight loss. METHODS: This is a prospective longitudinal observational study in 100 consecutive LSG patients. Questionnaire with photographs of tastes was administered before surgery, at postoperative (PO) day 6 and PO month 6...
May 30, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558993/estradiol-modulates-the-anorexic-response-to-central-glucagon-like-peptide-1
#7
Calyn B Maske, Christine M Jackson, Sarah J Terrill, Lisa A Eckel, Diana L Williams
Estrogens suppress feeding in part by enhancing the response to satiation signals. Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) acts on receptor populations both peripherally and centrally to affect food intake. We hypothesized that modulation of the central GLP-1 system is one of the mechanisms underlying the effects of estrogens on feeding. We assessed the anorexic effect of 0, 1, and 10μg doses of GLP-1 administered into the lateral ventricle of bilaterally ovariectomized (OVX) female rats on a cyclic regimen of either 2μg β-estradiol-3-benzoate (EB) or oil vehicle 30min prior to dark onset on the day following hormone treatment...
May 31, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553214/from-thirst-to-satiety-the-anterior-mid-cingulate-cortex-and-right-posterior-insula-indicate-dynamic-changes-in-incentive-value
#8
Christoph A Becker, Tobias Flaisch, Britta Renner, Harald T Schupp
The cingulate cortex and insula are among the neural structures whose activations have been modulated in functional imaging studies examining discrete states of thirst and drinking to satiation. Building upon these findings, the present study aimed to identify neural structures that change their pattern of activation elicited by water held in the mouth in relation to the internal body state, i.e., proportional to continuous water consumption. Accordingly, participants in a thirsty state were scanned while receiving increments of water until satiety was reached...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502739/the-hunger-games-using-hunger-to-promote-healthy-choices-in-self-control-conflicts
#9
Tracy T L Cheung, Floor M Kroese, Bob M Fennis, Denise T D De Ridder
The majority of existing research and conventional wisdom would advise against shopping on an empty stomach as hunger is assumed to encourage impulsive choices that typically lead to self-control failure (i.e., favouring short-term gratifications at the expense of long-term goals). Nonetheless, through two studies the current research aims to demonstrate that hungry consumers would not always be disadvantaged when encountering a self-control conflict involving a trade-off choice between a healthy vs. a more palatable but unhealthy choice...
May 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501685/lipid-for-biodiesel-production-from-attached-growth-chlorella-vulgaris-biomass-cultivating-in-fluidized-bed-bioreactor-packed-with-polyurethane-foam-material
#10
Ainur-Assyakirin Mohd-Sahib, Jun-Wei Lim, Man-Kee Lam, Yoshimitsu Uemura, Mohamed Hasnain Isa, Chii-Dong Ho, Shamsul Rahman Mohamed Kutty, Chung-Yiin Wong, Siti-Suhailah Rosli
The potential to grow attached microalgae Chlorella vulgaris in fluidized bed bioreactor was materialized in this study, targeting to ease the harvesting process prior to biodiesel production. The proposed thermodynamic mechanism and physical property assessment of various support materials verified polyurethane to be suitable material favouring the spontaneous adhesion by microalgae cells. The 1-L bioreactor packed with only 2.4% (v/v) of 1.00-mL polyurethane foam cubes could achieve the highest attached growth microalgae biomass and lipid weights of 812±122 and 376±37mg, respectively, in comparison with other cube sizes...
September 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499851/effects-of-nutritional-history-on-stress-response-in-gibel-carp-carassius-auratus-gibelio-and-largemouth-bass-micropterus-salmoides
#11
Danli Jiang, Yubo Wu, Di Huang, Xing Ren, Yan Wang
The stress response of omnivorous gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) and carnivorous largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) with different nutritional history were evaluated. A 2×2 layout, including two fish species (gibel carp or largemouth bass) and two nutritional history (fasted or fed to satiation for four weeks), was used. After feeding or fasting, the fishes were subjected to an acute handling. Fasting resulted in decrease of plasma glucose level and liver glycogen content of gibel carp and largemouth bass...
May 10, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488192/effects-of-dietary-green-tea-camellia-sinensis-l-supplementation-on-growth-performance-lipid-metabolism-and-antioxidant-status-in-a-sturgeon-hybrid-of-sterlet-huso-huso-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-acipenser-ruthenus-%C3%A2-fed-oxidized-fish-oil
#12
Soleiman Hasanpour, Amir Parviz Salati, Bahram Falahatkar, Hamid Mohammadi Azarm
Lipid content of diet is very susceptible to oxidation, especially when stored for a long time, so for evaluating protective effects of green tea in fish received oxidized oil, this study was done. Lipid content of diet was replaced by oxidized fish oil (OFO) in 0, 50, and 100%. Green tea extract (GTE) was added to diet in three levels, 0, 5, and 100 mg/kg giving a total of nine experimental diets. Two hundred and seventy sturgeon hybrid of Sterlet (Huso huso ♀ × Acipenser ruthenus ♂) with initial weight of 212...
May 10, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484425/protein-digestion-derived-peptides-and-the-peripheral-regulation-of-food-intake
#13
REVIEW
Juliette Caron, Dorothée Domenger, Pascal Dhulster, Rozenn Ravallec, Benoit Cudennec
The gut plays a central role in energy homeostasis. Food intake regulation strongly relies on the gut-brain axis, and numerous studies have pointed out the significant role played by gut hormones released from enteroendocrine cells. It is well known that digestive products of dietary protein possess a high satiating effect compared to carbohydrates and fat. Nevertheless, the processes occurring in the gut during protein digestion involved in the short-term regulation of food intake are still not totally unraveled...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481261/attenuating-the-biologic-drive-for-weight-regain-following-weight-loss-must-what-goes-down-always-go-back-up
#14
REVIEW
Christopher L Melby, Hunter L Paris, Rebecca M Foright, James Peth
Metabolic adaptations occur with weight loss that result in increased hunger with discordant simultaneous reductions in energy requirements-producing the so-called energy gap in which more energy is desired than is required. The increased hunger is associated with elevation of the orexigenic hormone ghrelin and decrements in anorexigenic hormones. The lower total daily energy expenditure with diet-induced weight loss results from (1) a disproportionately greater decrease in circulating leptin and resting metabolic rate (RMR) than would be predicted based on the decline in body mass, (2) decreased thermic effect of food (TEF), and (3) increased energy efficiency at work intensities characteristic of activities of daily living...
May 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479494/gastric-mucosal-devitalization-reduces-adiposity-and-improves-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-in-obese-rats
#15
Andreas Oberbach, Nadine Schlichting, Marco Heinrich, Yvonne Kullnick, Ulf Retschlag, Stefanie Lehman, Mouen A Khashab, Anthony N Kalloo, Vivek Kumbhari
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The gastric mucosa is an endocrine organ that regulates satiation pathways by expression of orexigenic and anorexigenic hormones. Vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG), excludes gastric mucosa and reduces gastric volume. Our study aims to investigate the independent effects of altering gastric mucosa on obesity and its related comorbidities. METHODS: Gastric mucosal devitalization (GMD) of 70% of the stomach was achieved by argon plasma coagulation in a high-fat diet (HFD) rat model and compared with VSG and sham (SH)...
May 4, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461197/child-feeding-style-is-associated-with-food-intake-and-linear-growth-in-rural-ethiopia
#16
Zeweter Abebe, Gulelat Desse Haki, Kaleab Baye
BACKGROUND: Little is known about mother-child feeding interactions and how this is associated with food intake and linear growth. OBJECTIVE: To characterize mother-child feeding styles and investigate their associations with accepted mouthful and linear growth in west Gojam, rural Ethiopia. SUBJECTS/DESIGN: Two, in-home, meal observations of children aged 12-23 months (n = 100) were video-taped. The number of mouthful accepted was counted and the caregiver/child feeding styles were coded into positive/negative categories of self-feeding, responsive-feeding, active-feeding, social-behavior and distraction...
April 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460953/yogurt-viscosity-and-fruit-pieces-affect-satiating-capacity-expectations
#17
Amparo Tarrega, Johanna Marcano, Susana Fiszman
The extent to which a food is expected to deliver satiation is called expected satiation. Many factors affect this expectation, including a number of sensory properties such as texture. The present study explores the relationships between two kinds of texture variations in a yogurt and its expected satiating capacity (ESC). One texture variation consisted in adding three types of pineapple particles: fresh pineapple purée (+PP samples), small cubes of fresh pineapple (+PF samples), and small cubes of lyophilized pineapple (+LP samples)...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452130/anorexia-of-ageing-a-key-component-in-the-pathogenesis-of-both-sarcopenia-and-cachexia
#18
EDITORIAL
John E Morley
The anorexia of aging was first recognized as a physiological syndrome 30 years ago. Its major causes are an alteration in fundal compliance with an increase in antral stretch and enhanced cholecystokinin activity leading to increased satiation.This anorexia leads to weight loss in aging persons and is one of the component causes of the aging related sarcopenia. This physiological anorexia also increases the risk of more severe anorexia when an older person has an increase in inflammatory cytokines such as occurs when they have an illness...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447374/effect-of-feeding-a-high-carbohydrate-or-a-high-fat-diet-on-subsequent-food-intake-and-blood-concentration-of-satiety-related-hormones-in-dogs
#19
S Schauf, A Salas-Mani, C Torre, E Jimenez, M A Latorre, C Castrillo
Although studies in rodents and humans have evidenced a weaker effect of fat in comparison to carbohydrates on the suppression of food intake, very few studies have been carried out in this field in dogs. This study investigates the effects of a high-carbohydrate (HC) and a high-fat (HF) diets on subsequent food intake and blood satiety-related hormones in dogs. Diets differed mainly in their starch (442 vs. 271 g/kg dry matter) and fat (99.3 vs. 214 g/kg dry matter) contents. Twelve Beagle dogs received the experimental diets at maintenance energy requirements in two experimental periods, following a cross-over arrangement...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447070/ratios-of-soluble-and-insoluble-dietary-fibers-on-satiety-and-energy-intake-in-overweight-pre-and-postmenopausal-women
#20
Britt Burton-Freeman, Dhanesh Liyanage, Sajida Rahman, Indika Edirisinghe
BACKGROUND: Fibers' properties impact different mechanisms involved in satiety and energy intake regulation and metabolic outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of fiber types and menopausal status on satiety and metabolic responses in overweight women. METHODS: In a randomized within-subjects design, 19 overweight/obese women [9 premenopausal and 10 postmenopausal] consumed 3 preloads that varied by fiber content and source: 1) 3:1 ratio of soluble:insoluble fiber (SF), 2) 1:3 ratio of soluble:insoluble fiber (IF), 3) no fiber control (NFC)...
March 31, 2017: Nutrition and Healthy Aging
keyword
keyword
117859
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"