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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895803/-otis-a-case-study-of-an-online-attempt-to-purchase-children-for-sex
#1
Stacey Diane A Litam, Jesse Bach
The researchers analyzed court documents to develop a case study of an individual convicted of buying sexual services from exploited children. Findings indicate that the subject deviates from preexisting victim selection processes and demonstrates characteristics inconsistent with existing sexual offender typologies that likens offender behaviors to the hunting techniques and behaviors of predatory animals. As evidenced in the case study, the individual perceived the victims solely as a means of deviant sexual satiation and did not participate in traditionally established victim acquisition techniques...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893052/palatogram-a-guide-to-customised-functional-palatal-contour
#2
Sanjay B Lagdive, Rupal J Shah, Dharmendra V Sindha, Kiranbhai Hadiya, Najmunnisha Sabugar
The prime requisite of a sound and holistic prosthodontic rehabilitation from both the patient's and clinician's perspective is to be able to satiate the yardsticks of function, retention, aesthetics and comfort to the fullest. It is thereby astoundingly hard to digest that speech being an indispensably significant function of the complete denture prosthesis, is often seen upon as heedless and inconsiderate by the patient. Adaptability in speech pronunciation of complete denture prosthesis is a subjective phenomenon; cannot be predicted to entirety...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888462/control-of-protein-digestion-under-simulated-gastrointestinal-conditions-using-biopolymer-microgels
#3
Zipei Zhang, Ruojie Zhang, David Julian McClements
Controlling the rate and extent of protein digestion within different regions of the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is important for regulating hormonal responses (such as hunger, satiety, and satiation) and immune responses (such as allergenicity). In this study, hydrogel beads (biopolymer microgels) were fabricated by injecting a solution of anionic alginate molecules into a solution of cationic calcium ions using a vibrating extrusion device. A model food protein (whey protein isolate, WPI) was mixed with the alginate solution prior to bead formation...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886965/circadian-and-economic-factors-affect-food-acquisition-in-rats-restricted-to-discrete-feeding-opportunities
#4
Dulce M Minaya, Kimberly L Robertson, Neil E Rowland
The purpose of this study is to examine aspects of operant behavior-modeled economic choice for food in rats in closed economy protocols in which food is available for only a few discrete times per daily 23-h session, designed to emulate clustering of human food intake into meals. In the first experiment, rats performed lever press responses for food pellets in an ascending series of ratios or fixed unit prices (FUP) when food was available for four 40-min food opportunities (FO) per day. Daily intake at low FUP was comparable to ad libitum intakes...
September 5, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882791/effects-of-organic-acids-and-essential-oils-blend-on-growth-gut-microbiota-immune-response-and-disease-resistance-of-pacific-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei-against-vibrio-parahaemolyticus
#5
Wangquan He, Samad Rahimnejad, Ling Wang, Kai Song, Kangle Lu, Chunxiao Zhang
An 8-week feeding trial was undertaken to evaluate supplemental effects of AviPlus(®) (AP), a blend of organic acids [citric acid, 25%; sorbic acid, 16.7%] and essential oils [thymol, 1.7%; vanillin, 1.0%], on growth, gut microbiota, innate immunity and disease resistance of Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) against Vibrio parahaemolyticus. A basal experimental diet was formulated and supplemented with 0, 0.3, 0.6, 0.9 and 1.2 g kg(-1) AP to produce five test diets (Con, AP0.3, AP0.6, AP0.9 and AP1...
September 4, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879488/diabetes-and-the-stomach
#6
REVIEW
Allen A Lee, William L Hasler
Longstanding diabetes mellitus (both type 1 and type 2) can impair gastric motor function and cause significant upper gastrointestinal symptoms which significantly degrade quality of life, cause nutritional deficits, and degrade healthcare resource use. The most commonly considered gut complication of diabetes, diabetic gastroparesis, is a syndrome of delayed gastric emptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction which leads to symptoms of nausea, vomiting, postprandial fullness, early satiation, bloating, and upper abdominal pain...
September 6, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858621/specialized-representations-of-value-in-the-orbital-and-ventrolateral-prefrontal-cortex-desirability-versus-availability-of-outcomes
#7
Peter H Rudebeck, Richard C Saunders, Dawn A Lundgren, Elisabeth A Murray
Advantageous foraging choices benefit from an estimation of two aspects of a resource's value: its current desirability and availability. Both orbitofrontal and ventrolateral prefrontal areas contribute to updating these valuations, but their precise roles remain unclear. To explore their specializations, we trained macaque monkeys on two tasks: one required updating representations of a predicted outcome's desirability, as adjusted by selective satiation, and the other required updating representations of an outcome's availability, as indexed by its probability...
August 30, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846600/the-satiating-properties-of-pork-are-not-affected-by-cooking-methods-sousvide-holding-time-or-mincing-in-healthy-men-a-randomized-cross-over-meal-test-study
#8
Ursula Kehlet, Bhaskar Mitra, Jorge Ruiz Carrascal, Anne Raben, Margit D Aaslyng
Low temperature long time (LTLT) sous-vide cooking may modify meat proteins in a way that could promote satiety. We investigated the effects of (1) cooking method (LTLT 58 °C vs. oven 160 °C), (2) LTLT holding time (17 h vs. 72 min), and (3) pork structure, LTLT 58 °C for 17 h (minced vs. roast) on appetite regulation and in vitro protein digestibility. In a cross-over study, 37 healthy men consumed four meals containing pork: LTLT-cooked roast, 58 °C, 72 min; LTLT-cooked roast, 58 °C, 17 h; and, oven-cooked roast, 160 °C to a core temperature of 58 °C and LTLT-cooked minced patties, 58 °C, 17 h...
August 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838280/neuroendocrine-regulation-of-energy-balance-implications-on-the-development-and-surgical-treatment-of-obesity
#9
Gisele Farias, Bárbara Dal Molin Netto, Solange Cravo Bettini, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso, Alexandre Coutinho Teixeira de Freitas
INTRODUCTION: Obesity, a serious public health problem, occurs mainly when food consumption exceeds energy expenditure. Therefore, energy balance depends on the regulation of the hunger-satiety mechanism, which involves interconnection of the central nervous system and peripheral signals from the adipose tissue, pancreas and gastrointestinal tract, generating responses in short-term food intake and long-term energy balance. Increased body fat alters the gut- and adipose-tissue-derived hormone signaling, which promotes modifications in appetite-regulating hormones, decreasing satiety and increasing hunger senses...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831954/effects-of-different-dietary-dha-epa-ratios-on-gonadal-steroidogenesis-in-the-marine-teleost-tongue-sole-cynoglossus-semilaevis
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Houguo Xu, Lin Cao, Yuliang Wei, Yuanqin Zhang, Mengqing Liang
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary DHA and EPA on gonadal steroidogenesis in mature females and males, with a feeding trial on tongue sole, a typical marine teleost with sexual dimorphism. Three experimental diets differing basically in DHA:EPA ratio, that is, 0·68 (diet D:E-0·68), 1·09 (D:E-1·09) and 2·05 (D:E-2·05), were randomly assigned to nine tanks of 3-year-old tongue sole (ten females and fifteen males in each tank). The feeding trail lasted for 90 d before and during the spawning season...
August 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830712/effects-of-nanostructured-zeolite-and-aflatoxin-b1-in-growth-performance-immune-parameters-and-pathological-conditions-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#11
S Alinezhad, M Faridi, B Falahatkar, R Nabizadeh, D Davoodi
The reduction of Aflatoxin B1 (AF) in juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) diet was analyzed after supplementing Nanostructured Zeolite (NZ) in a 56-day experiment. Two hundred and seventy juveniles with an average weight of 23 ± 3.7 g were placed in 6 different groups of C (control as a basal diet), NZ0.5 (basal diet + 0.5% NZ), NZ1 (basal diet + 1% NZ), AF5 (basal diet + 5 mg AFB1), AF5 NZ0.5 (basal diet + 5 mg AFB1 + 0.5% NZ), AF5 NZ1 (basal diet + 5 mg AFB1 + 1% NZ) with three replications and were fed four times a day based on their satiation...
August 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830711/changes-in-growth-blood-immune-parameters-and-expression-of-immune-related-genes-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-in-response-to-diet-supplemented-with-ducrosia-anethifolia-essential-oil
#12
Arya Vazirzadeh, Fatemeh Dehghan, Roya Kazemeini
An 8- week feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of Ducrosia anethifolia essential oil on growth, blood immune parameters and immune related genes expression in juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish were allocated into 4 groups and fed on diet containing different levels of essential oil (0, 0.001, 0.01 and 0.1%) to apparent satiation in 30 min 3 times daily. Growth and immunological parameters were measured every ten days and tissue samples were taken from kidney and spleen on days 10, 30 and 50 to study the expression of IL-1β and TNF-α...
August 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820391/deep-brain-stimulation-alters-light-phase-food-intake-microstructure-in-rats
#13
P Prinz, P Kobelt, S Scharner, M Goebel-Stengel, D Harnack, K Faust, Y Winter, M Rose, A Stengel
Treatment of eating disorders like obesity or anorexia is challenging. Options are limited and new approaches desired. An interesting approach is the application of deep brain stimulation (DBS). The nucleus accumbens (NAcc) is part of the food reward system. A pilot study reported that DBS of the NAcc shell modulates food intake and body weight in rats. Underlying mechanisms such as the food intake microstructure are unknown so far. Normal weight female Sprague-Dawley rats were equipped with a custom-made DBS electrode placed unilaterally in the NAcc shell...
June 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814387/effects-of-nk1-receptors-on-gastric-motor-functions-and-satiation-in-healthy-humans-results-from-a-controlled-trial-with-the-nk1-antagonist-aprepitant
#14
Deepti Jacob, Irene A Busciglio, Duane D Burton, Houssam Halawi, Ibironke Oduyebo, Deborah Rhoten, Michael Ryks, W Scott Harmsen, Michael Camilleri
Aprepitant, an NK1 receptor antagonist, is approved for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced or postoperative emesis by blocking NK1 receptors in the brain stem vomiting center. Effects of NK1 receptors on gastric functions and postprandial symptoms in humans are unclear; a single, crossover study did not show a significant effect of aprepitant on gastrointestinal transit. Our aim was to compare, in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study (12 healthy volunteers per group), effects of aprepitant vs...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809789/comparison-of-the-effects-of-goat-dairy-and-cow-dairy-based-breakfasts-on-satiety-appetite-hormones-and-metabolic-profile
#15
Elehazara Rubio-Martín, Eva García-Escobar, Maria-Soledad Ruiz de Adana, Fuensanta Lima-Rubio, Laura Peláez, Angel-María Caracuel, Francisco-Javier Bermúdez-Silva, Federico Soriguer, Gemma Rojo-Martínez, Gabriel Olveira
The satiating effects of cow dairy have been thoroughly investigated; however, the effects of goat dairy on appetite have not been reported so far. Our study investigates the satiating effect of two breakfasts based on goat or cow dairy and their association with appetite related hormones and metabolic profile. Healthy adults consumed two breakfasts based on goat (G-Breakfast) or cow (C-Breakfast) dairy products. Blood samples were taken and VAS tests were performed at different time points. Blood metabolites were measured and Combined Satiety Index (CSI) and areas under the curves (AUC) were calculated...
August 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808865/glucagon-like-peptides-1-and-2-are-involved-in-satiety-modulation-after-modified-biliopancreatic-diversion-results-of-a-pilot-study
#16
Everton Cazzo, José Carlos Pareja, Elinton Adami Chaim, Cláudio Saddy Rodrigues Coy, Daniéla Oliveira Magro
BACKGROUND: This paper aimed to evaluate the influence of modified biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) on the levels of GLP-1 and GLP-2 and correlate them with satiety regulation. METHODS: This is a pilot prospective cohort study that evaluated six mildly obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, which underwent modified BPD and were followed-up for 12 months. Levels of GLP-1 and GLP-2 after a standard meal tolerance test were determined and correlated with satiety scores obtained by means of a visual analogue scale (VAS)...
August 14, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774870/relationship-of-gastric-emptying-or-accommodation-with-satiation-satiety-and-postprandial-symptoms-in-health
#17
Houssam Halawi, Michael Camilleri, Andres Acosta, Maria I Vazquez-Roque, Ibironke Oduyebo, Duane D Burton, Irene A Busciglio, Alan R Zinsmeister
The contributions of gastric emptying (GE) and gastric accommodation (GA) to satiation, satiety, and postprandial symptoms remain unclear. We aimed to evaluate the relationships between GA or GE with satiation, satiety, and postprandial symptoms in healthy overweight or obese volunteers (total n=285, 73% females, mean BMI 33.5kg/m2): 26 prospectively studied obese, otherwise healthy participants and 259 healthy subjects with previous similar GI testing. We assessed GE of solids, gastric volumes, calorie intake at buffet meal, satiation by measuring volume to comfortable fullness (VTF) and maximum tolerated volume (MTV) using Ensure® nutrient drink test (30mL/min), and symptoms 30 minutes after MTV...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771087/when-comprehension-elicits-incomprehension-deterioration-of-semantic-categorisation-in-the-absence-of-stimulus-repetition
#18
Upasana Nathaniel, Hannah E Thompson, Emma Davies, Dominic Arnold, Glyn Hallam, Sara Stampacchia, Jonathan Smallwood, Elizabeth Jefferies
Repetition improves retrieval from memory; however, under some circumstances, it can also impair performance. Separate literatures have investigated this phenomenon, including studies showing subjective loss of meaning following "semantic satiation", slowed naming and categorisation when semantically-related items are repeated, and semantic "access deficits" in aphasia. Such effects have been variously explained in terms of habituation of repeatedly-accessed representations, increased interference from strongly activated competitors, and longer-term weight changes reflecting the suppression of non-targets on earlier trials (i...
August 3, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768657/energy-homeostasis-in-apolipoprotein-aiv-and-cholecystokinin-deficient-mice
#19
Jonathan Weng, Danwen Lou, Stephen C Benoit, Natalie Coschigano, Stephen C Woods, Patrick Tso, Chunmin C Lo
Apolipoprotein AIV (ApoAIV) and cholecystokinin (CCK) are well-known satiating signals that are stimulated by fat consumption. Peripheral ApoAIV and CCK interact to prolong satiating signals. In the present study, we hypothesized that ApoAIV and CCK control energy homeostasis in response to high-fat diet feeding. To test this hypothesis, energy homeostasis in ApoAIV and CCK double knockout (ApoAIV/CCK-KO), ApoAIV knockout (ApoAIV-KO), and CCK knockout (CCK-KO) mice were monitored. When animals were maintained on a low-fat diet, ApoAIV/CCK-KO, ApoAIV-KO, and CCK-KO mice had comparable energy intake and expenditure, body weight, fat mass, fat absorption, and plasma parameters relative to the controls...
August 2, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762592/effect-of-intragastric-fodmap-infusion-on-upper-gastrointestinal-motility-gastrointestinal-and-psychological-symptoms-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-vs-healthy-controls
#20
I Masuy, L Van Oudenhove, J Tack, J R Biesiekierski
BACKGROUND: The low fermentable oligo-, di-, mono-saccharides and polyol (FODMAP) diet is a treatment strategy to reduce symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Acute effects of FODMAPs on upper gastrointestinal motility are incompletely understood. Our objectives were to assess the acute effects of intragastric FODMAP infusions on upper gastrointestinal motility and gastrointestinal and psychological symptoms in healthy controls (HC) and IBS patients. METHODS: A high-resolution solid-state manometry probe and an infusion tube were positioned into the stomach...
August 1, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
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