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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340108/effect-of-gene-lifestyle-interaction-on-gestational-diabetes-risk
#1
Polina V Popova, Alexandra A Klyushina, Lyudmila B Vasilyeva, Alexandra S Tkachuk, Yana A Bolotko, Andrey S Gerasimov, Evgenii A Pustozerov, Ekaterina N Kravchuk, Alexander Predeus, Anna A Kostareva, Elena N Grineva
We hypothesized that the association of certain lifestyle parameters with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk would depend on susceptibility loci. In total, 278 Russian women with GDM and 179 controls completed questionnaires about lifestyle habits (food consumption, physical activity and smoking). GDM was diagnosed according to the criteria of the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups. Maternal blood was sampled for genotyping single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in MTNR1B (rs10830963 and rs1387153), GCK (rs1799884), KCNJ11 (rs5219), IGF2BP2 (rs4402960), TCF7L2 (rs7903146 and rs12255372), CDKAL1 (rs7754840), IRS1 (rs1801278) and FTO (rs9939609)...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339829/associations-of-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-with-pregnancy-complications-in-project-viva
#2
Aarohee P Fulay, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Wei Perng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet has been shown to improve cardiometabolic outcomes in non-pregnant populations. Little is known regarding the impact of this diet on health during pregnancy. The objective of this research is to examine associations of adherence to the DASH diet with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and other pregnancy outcomes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted analyses with data that came from 1760 women in Project Viva, a Boston-area longitudinal cohort recruited in early pregnancy 1999-2002...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327444/developing-a-flexible-high-efficiency-agrobacterium-mediated-sorghum-transformation-system-with-broad-application
#3
Ping Che, Ajith Anand, Emily Wu, Jeffry D Sander, Marissa K Simon, Weiwei Zhu, Amy L Sigmund, Gina Zastrow-Hayes, Michael Miller, Donglong Liu, Shai J Lawit, Zuo-Yu Zhao, Marc C Albertsen, Todd J Jones
Sorghum is the fifth most widely planted cereal crop in the world and is commonly cultivated in arid and semi-arid regions such as Africa. Despite its importance as a food source, sorghum genetic improvement through transgenic approaches has been limited because of an inefficient transformation system. Here we report a ternary vector (also known as co-habitating vector) system using a recently described pVIR accessory plasmid that facilitates efficient Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of sorghum. We report regeneration frequencies ranging from 6-29% in Tx430 using different selectable markers and single copy, backbone free "quality events" ranging from 45-66% of the total events produced...
January 11, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325831/sexual-dysfunction-among-young-men-overview-of-dietary-components-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction
#4
Ioannis Mykoniatis, Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Emmanouil Bouras, Efthalia Karampasi, Aikaterini Tsionga, Athanasios Kogias, Ioannis Vakalopoulos, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Michael Chourdakis
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is relatively common in young men, presenting in diverse manifestations, including erectile dysfunction (ED), for which dietary modifications, including increased intake of dietary antioxidants, have been suggested as promising and cost-efficient approaches. AIM: To assess the consumption of selected dietary antioxidants, in particular flavonoids, in relation to ED symptoms in young men. METHODS: Men 18 to 40 years old were invited to complete an anonymous web-based questionnaire for this case-control study...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325587/human-echinostomiasis-a-case-report
#5
Ranjit Sah, Shusila Khadka, Rabin Hamal, Sagar Poudyal
BACKGROUND: Echinostomiasis is a food-borne infection caused by an intestinal trematodes belonging to the family Echinostomatidae. They infect the gastrointestinal tract of humans. Patients are usually asymptomatic. However, with heavy infections, the worms can produce catarrhal inflammation with mild ulceration and the patient may experience abdominal pain, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and weight loss. Infection are associated with common sociocultural practices of eating raw or insufficiently cooked mollusks and fish...
January 11, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324831/the-plantlibra-consumer-survey-findings-on-the-use-of-plant-food-supplements-in-italy
#6
Patrizia Restani, Chiara Di Lorenzo, Alicia Garcia-Alvarez, Gianfranco Frigerio, Francesca Colombo, Franco M Maggi, Raimon Milà-Villarroel, Lluis Serra-Majem
BACKGROUND: Food supplements, and in particular those containing botanicals (plant food supplements, PFS), have in recent decades been of great interest both to consumers and to food/pharmaceutical industries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to examine replies by Italian consumers to the PlantLIBRA consumers' survey in order to: 1) assess the behaviour of an Italian population with respect to the use of PFS, and to compare it with that of other 5 countries involved in the whole survey; 2) identify different habits in the 4 Italian cities selected according to their geographical distribution; 3) collect independent information on the actual intake of PFS and consumers' behaviour...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324353/dietary-habits-during-the-2-months-following-the-chernobyl-accident-and-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-risk-in-a-population-based-case-control-study
#7
Constance Xhaard, Carole Rubino, Vincent Souchard, Stéphane Maillard, Yan Ren, Françoise Borson-Chazot, Geneviève Sassolas, Claire Schvartz, Marc Colonna, Brigitte Lacour, Anne Sophie Woronoff, Michel Velten, Emilie Marrer, Laurent Bailly, Eugènia Mariné Barjoan, Martin Schlumberger, Vladimir Drozdovitch, Andre Bouville, Jacques Orgiazzi, Elisabeth Adjadj, Florent de Vathaire
BACKGROUND: The Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident occurred in Ukraine on April 26th 1986. In France, the radioactive fallout and thyroid radiation doses were much lower than in highly contaminated areas. However, a number of risk projections have suggested that a small excess in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) might occur in eastern France due to this low-level fallout. In order to investigate this potential impact, a case-control study on DTC risk factors was started in 2005, focusing on cases who were less than 15 years old at the time of the Chernobyl accident...
January 8, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323865/building-capacity-through-urban-agriculture-report-on-the-ask%C3%A3-y-project
#8
Wanda Martin, Lindsey Vold
INTRODUCTION: Many North American cities have a built environment that provides access to energy-dense food and little opportunity for active living. Urban agriculture contributes to a positive environment involving food plant cultivation that includes processing, storing, distributing and composting. It is a means to increase local food production and thereby improve community health. The purpose of this study was to understand how participating in urban agriculture can help to empower young adults and build capacity for growing food in the city...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322837/association-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-evaluated-by-skin-autofluorescence-with-lifestyle-habits-in-a-general-japanese-population
#9
Fumiyuki Isami, Brett J West, Sanae Nakajima, Sho-Ichi Yamagishi
Objective Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) occurs during normal aging but markedly accelerates in people with diabetes. AGEs may play a role in various age-related disorders. Several studies have demonstrated that skin autofluorescence (SAF) reflects accumulated tissue levels of AGEs. However, very few studies have investigated SAF in the general population. The purpose of the present study was to more thoroughly evaluate the potential association among SAF, chronological age, and lifestyle habits in the general population...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321563/probiotic-activities-of-rhizobium-laguerreae-on-growth-and-quality-of-spinach
#10
Alejandro Jiménez-Gómez, José David Flores-Félix, Paula García-Fraile, Pedro F Mateos, Esther Menéndez, Encarna Velázquez, Raúl Rivas
The growing interest in a healthy lifestyle and in environmental protection is changing habits regarding food consumption and agricultural practices. Good agricultural practice is indispensable, particularly for raw vegetables, and can include the use of plant probiotic bacteria for the purpose of biofertilization. In this work we analysed the probiotic potential of the rhizobial strain PEPV40, identified as Rhizobium laguerreae through the analysis of the recA and atpD genes, on the growth of spinach plants...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320449/changing-trends-in-nutritional-behavior-among-university-students-in-greece-between-2006-and-2016
#11
Charikleia Kyrkou, Foteini Tsakoumaki, Maria Fotiou, Aristea Dimitropoulou, Maria Symeonidou, Georgios Menexes, Costas G Biliaderis, Alexandra-Maria Michaelidou
The objective of the present survey was to study the dietary behavior of university students residing away from the family home. In this context, we (a) compared their dietary habits in two time periods, namely 2006 and 2016; and (b) explored the possible impact of gender on the behavioral changes in nutritional choices. A total of four hundred and five university students (2006, n = 242; 2016, n = 163) participated in the study. Dietary assessment was carried out using a qualitative Food Frequency Questionnaire, while data about demographic and lifestyle factors were also collected...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315588/the-health-nutrition-dimension-a-methodological-approach-to-asses-the-nutritional-sustainability-of-the-typical-agro-food-products-and-the-mediterranean-diet
#12
Elena Azzini, Giuseppe Maiani, Aida Turrini, Federica Intorre, Gabriella Lo Feudo, Roberto Capone, Francesco Bottalico, Hamid El Bilali, Angela Polito
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to work out a methodological approach for the evaluation nutritional sustainability of typical agro-food products, representing the Mediterranean eating habits and included in the Mediterranean food pyramid. RESULTS: For each group of foods, were identified different suitable and easily measurable indicators. Two macro-indicators were used to assess the nutritional sustainability of each product. The first macro-indicator called "business distinctiveness" takes into account the application of different regulations and standards regarding quality, safety and traceability as well as the origin of raw materials...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305889/tracking-diet-variety-in-childhood-and-its-association-with-eating-behaviours-related-to-appetite-the-generation-xxi-birth-cohort
#13
Sofia Vilela, Marion M Hetherington, Andreia Oliveira, Carla Lopes
Research on the influence of early eating habits on eating behaviours related to appetite using a prospective approach is scarce, especially in children. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between changes in diet variety from 4 to 7 years of age and appetitive traits measured at 7 years of age. Participants are from the population-based birth cohort Generation XXI (2005-2006). The present analysis included 4537 children with complete data on a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at both ages, and on the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire at 7y...
January 3, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304772/follow-up-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-education-program-the-edal-study-four-years-after-cessation-of-randomized-controlled-trial-intervention
#14
Elisabet Llauradó, Lucia Tarro, David Moriña, Magaly Aceves-Martins, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
BACKGROUND: An important challenge of school-based childhood obesity (OB) intervention programs is understanding the maintenance of the effects after cessation of the intervention to overcome the limitations of follow-up studies. The aim of this study is to verify the sustainability of the benefits achieved at a 4-year follow-up of the post-Educació en Alimentació (EDAl) program intervention cessation by assessing the OB-related outcomes and lifestyles of 13- to 15-year-old adolescents...
January 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304476/human-health-risks-and-socio-economic-perspectives-of-arsenic-exposure-in-bangladesh-a-scoping-review
#15
REVIEW
M Azizur Rahman, A Rahman, M Zaved Kaiser Khan, Andre M N Renzaho
Arsenic contamination of drinking water, which can occur naturally or because of human activities such as mining, is the single most important public health issue in Bangladesh. Fifty out of the 64 districts in the country have arsenic concentration of groundwater exceeding 50µgL-1, the Bangladeshi threshold, affecting 35-77 million people or 21-48% of the total population. Chronic arsenic exposure through drinking water and other dietary sources is an important public health issue worldwide affecting hundreds of millions of people...
January 2, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302906/toxic-heavy-metals-in-human-blood-in-relation-to-certain-food-and-environmental-samples-in-kerala-south-india
#16
Anitha Jose, Joseph George Ray
Toxic heavy metals such as arsenic (As), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) are systemic toxicants that are hazardous to human health. However, as these elements are increasing in the environment due to fast urbanization, industrialization, and chemicalized agricultural activities, accumulation of the same in human body anywhere in the world is quite interesting to global assessment of environment quality. In this connection, random examination of blood samples of human population in Kerala, South India, was carried out to assess the threat of heavy metal contamination to humans in this part of the globe, especially in relation to the amount of such metals in food and other environmental samples...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301244/food-composition-databases-considerations-about-complex-food-matrices
#17
Stefania Marconi, Alessandra Durazzo, Emanuela Camilli, Silvia Lisciani, Paolo Gabrielli, Altero Aguzzi, Loretta Gambelli, Massimo Lucarini, Luisa Marletta
Nowadays, many countries have their own national Food Composition Databases, whose continuous updating allows the inclusion of a large number of foods, reflecting the food habits of the population and the growing number of foods on the market in the best way possible. Therefore, particular attention should be directed to the study not only of individual foods or food components but also of the nutritional characteristics of dishes, meals and diets, as they are really consumed. Recently, a reviewed sensitivity in Europe towards the implementation of standardized procedures for generating reliable composition data for composite dishes has been carried out...
January 1, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300005/food-allergy
#18
REVIEW
Harald Renz, Katrina J Allen, Scott H Sicherer, Hugh A Sampson, Gideon Lack, Kirsten Beyer, Hans C Oettgen
Food allergies manifest in a variety of clinical conditions within the gastrointestinal tract, skin and lungs, with the most dramatic and sometimes fatal manifestation being anaphylactic shock. Major progress has been made in basic, translational and clinical research, leading to a better understanding of the underlying immunological mechanisms that lead to the breakdown of clinical and immunological tolerance against food antigens, which can result in either immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated reactions or non-IgE-mediated reactions...
January 4, 2018: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299734/modelling-of-adequate-and-safe-vitamin-d-intake-in-danish-women-using-different-fortification-and-supplementation-scenarios-to-inform-fortification-policies
#19
Ida M Grønborg, Inge Tetens, Majken Ege, Tue Christensen, Elisabeth Wreford Andersen, Rikke Andersen
PURPOSE: Fortification of foods with vitamin D may be a population-based solution to low vitamin D intake. We performed modelling of vitamin D from diet, fortified foods and supplements in a population of Danish women 18-50 years, a risk group of vitamin D deficiency, to inform fortification policies on safe and adequate levels. METHODS: Based on individual habitual dietary vitamin D intake of female participants from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity (DANSDA) (n = 855), we performed graded intake modelling to predict the intake in six scenarios increasing the vitamin D intake from a habitual diet without fish to habitual diet including fish, fortified foods and supplements (40/80 µg)...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285885/a-mutation-in-the-progesterone-receptor-predisposes-to-hev-infection-in-hiv-positive-patients
#20
Jose D Debes, Suzan D Pas, Zwier M A Groothuismink, Marchina E van der Ende, Robert A de Man, Andre Boonstra
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Infection with Hepatitis E virus (HEV) can cause chronic liver disease in immunocompromised hosts. In transplant recipients the use of certain immunosuppressants and food habits have been proposed as risk factors for HEV. In individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), risk factors for HEV infection are less clear. We aimed to study the association between a mutation in the progesterone receptor (PR) named PROGINS and HEV-infection in HIV-positive individuals...
December 28, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
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