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Japan and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147171/recent-progress-of-bypass-surgery-to-the-dialysis-dependent-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#1
Nobuyoshi Azuma, Shinsuke Kikuchi, Hiroko Okuda, Keisuke Miyake, Atsuhiro Koya
According to expansion of dialysis-dependent population, more than half of patients with critical ischemic limbs are dialysis-dependent in Japan. Although patients with end-staged renal disease are well-known as poor life prognosis, well-managed dialysis patients in Japan can survive much longer compared to dialysis patients in the United States and Europe. Therefore, some dialysis patients can enjoy the long-term benefits of bypass surgery. To decide the indication of bypass surgery, patient's general condition, nutrition status, and vein availability are more important rather than arterial disease anatomy...
September 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142179/usefulness-of-a-short-dietary-propensity-questionnaire-in-japan
#2
Nagako Okuda, Kazuyoshi Itai, Akira Okayama
AIM: There is a growing need for nutritional education for prevention and non-pharmacological treatment of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We compared the results of a short dietary propensity questionnaire (SDPQ) with those from the food frequency and quantity survey (FF Quantity), which had been previously quantitatively assessed by comparison with the 24-hr dietary recall (24hr-DR), to examine the usefulness of the SDPQ. The SDPQ was designed to assess dietary propensities of 12 food/nutrients relevant to CVD risk factors...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104477/water-soluble-vitamins-enhance-the-growth-of-microorganisms-in-peripheral-parenteral-nutrition-solutions
#3
Sachiko Omotani, Katsuji Tani, Katsuhito Nagai, Yasutoshi Hatsuda, Junji Mukai, Michiaki Myotoku
Peripheral parenteral nutrition (PPN) solutions contain amino acids, glucose, and electrolytes, with or without some water soluble vitamins. Peripheral venous catheters are one of the causes of catheter related blood stream infection (CRBSI), which requires infection control. In Japan, PPN solutions have rarely been prepared under aseptic conditions. However, in recent years, the necessity of adding vitamins to infusions has been reported. Therefore, we investigated the effects of water soluble vitamins on growth of microorganisms in PPN solutions...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097121/does-tooth-loss-affect-dietary-intake-and-nutritional-status-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#4
REVIEW
Piyada Gaewkhiew, Wael Sabbah, Eduardo Bernabé
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: A systematic review was conducted to explore whether tooth loss affects dietary intake and nutritional status among adults. DATA: Longitudinal studies of population-based or clinical samples of adults exploring the effect of tooth loss on food/dietary/nutrient intake and/or nutritional status were included for consideration. The risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for cohort studies. SOURCES: A search strategy was designed to find published studies on MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS up to March 2017...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037152/low-plasma-tryptophan-is-associated-with-olfactory-function-in-healthy-elderly-community-dwellers-in-japan
#5
Yusuke Adachi, Yoshiki Shimodaira, Hidehiro Nakamura, Akira Imaizumi, Maiko Mori, Yoko Kageyama, Yasushi Noguchi, Asuka Seki, Yuki Okabe, Yuko Miyake, Kaori Ono, Shu Kumagai
BACKGROUND: Decreased circulating tryptophan (Trp) levels are frequently observed in elderly patients with neurodegenerative disease including Alzheimer's disease. Trp may serve as a potential biomarker for monitoring disease risk in elderly people. We aimed to investigate the association between low plasma Trp levels and olfactory function, which is known to predict age-related diseases including dementia in elderly people. METHODS: A total of 144 healthy elderly Japanese community (≥ 65 years old) dwellers from the Health, Aging and Nutritional Improvement study (HANI study) were the subjects of our analysis...
October 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970950/external-validation-of-a-gastric-cancer-nomogram-derived-from-a-large-volume-center-using-dataset-from-a-medium-volume-center
#6
Pyeong Su Kim, Kyung-Muk Lee, Dong-Seok Han, Moon-Won Yoo, Hye Seung Han, Han-Kwang Yang, Ho Yoon Bang
PURPOSE: Recently, a nomogram predicting overall survival after gastric resection was developed and externally validated in Korea and Japan. However, this gastric cancer nomogram is derived from large-volume centers, and the applicability of the nomogram in smaller centers must be proven. The purpose of this study is to externally validate the gastric cancer nomogram using a dataset from a medium-volume center in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 610 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer from August 1, 2005 to December 31, 2011...
September 2017: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947687/-gustation-and-dysgeusia
#7
Takashi Sasano
The enjoyment of tastes should be one of the greatest pleasures in life. Without the sense of taste, one cannot enjoy one's food. The result would then be poor appetite, eating less and weight loss. As the elderly population in Japan increases, the number of patients suffering from taste disorder has also increased. While changes in the ability to distinguish tastes are partly associated with advancing age, they occur moreover in response to secondary influences, such as the side effects of drugs, or the effects of some diseases including periodontal disease/oral infections, nervous disorders, nutritional impairment, and endocrine disorders...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927404/food-intake-patterns-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-japanese-adults-analyses-from-the-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-japan
#8
Nay Chi Htun, Hitomi Suga, Shino Imai, Wakana Shimizu, Hidemi Takimoto
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing global interest in the role of Japanese diet as a possible explanation for the nation's healthy diet, which contributes to the world's highest life-expectancy enjoyed in Japan. However, nationwide studies on current food intake status among general Japanese population have not been established yet. This study examined the association between food intake patterns and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) such as waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (SBP, DBP), HbA1c and blood lipid profiles among general Japanese adults...
September 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919592/the-study-on-the-lives-and-health-conditions-of-internees-in-santo-thomas-camp-of-philippines-based-on-mcanlis-s-the-war-in-manila-1941-1945
#9
Jueyeon Lee, Youngsoo Cho
When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929)...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917226/energy-intake-in-the-first-week-in-an-emergency-intensive-care-unit-may-not-influence-clinical-outcomes-in-critically-ill-overweight-japanese-patients
#10
Satomi Ichimaru, Maren Sono, Ryutaro Seo, Koichi Ariyoshi, Teruyoshi Amagai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition recommends hypocaloric feeding for critically ill patients with a BMI of >=30.0 kg/m2. However, the cut-off value of obesity in Japan is BMI >25.0 kg/m2, due to the higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular risk factors, even at a lower BMI than in Western populations. Thus, the optimal energy intake for critically ill, overweight Asian patients is unknown. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was conducted in patients with BMI of >=25...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912388/-osteoporosis-liaison-service-and-nutrition-counseling-and-education
#11
Noriko Tsukahara
Nutritional counseling as part of the Osteoporosis Liaison Service(OLS)should provide active nutritional counseling and lifestyle guidance by referring to the detailed methods for conducting "nutritional status assessments", an item of OLS-7, a detailed activity outcome measure of the OLS. After conducting adequate nutritional assessments, the goals for each stage of behavior change should be established, aiming to set roughly one goal for a specified period of time and increasing the goals once improvements have been made...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910324/effect-of-dialyzer-membrane-materials-on-survival-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-results-from-the-annual-survey-of-the-japanese-nationwide-dialysis-registry
#12
Masanori Abe, Takayuki Hamano, Atsushi Wada, Shigeru Nakai, Ikuto Masakane
BACKGROUND: Little information is available regarding which type of dialyzer membrane results in good prognosis in patients on chronic hemodialysis. Therefore, we conducted a cohort study from a nationwide registry of hemodialysis patients in Japan to establish the association between different dialyzer membranes and mortality rates. METHODS: We followed 142,412 patients on maintenance hemodialysis (female, 39.1%; mean age, 64.8 ± 12.3 years; median dialysis duration, 7 [4-12] years) for a year from 2008 to 2009...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904121/establishment-of-a-meal-coding-system-for-the-characterization-of-meal-based-dietary-patterns-in-japan
#13
Kentaro Murakami, M Barbara E Livingstone, Satoshi Sasaki
Background: Most studies on dietary patterns to date have focused on the daily intake of individual foods, rather than the combination of foods simultaneously consumed during specific eating occasions (breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks).Objective: We aimed to establish a meal coding system for characterizing meal-based dietary patterns in Japan.Methods: Dietary data used were from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan, in which 1-d weighed dietary records were collected from 26,361 adults aged ≥20 y...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898456/urinary-prostaglandin-d2-metabolite-excretion-during-the-first-six-months-of-life-was-significantly-lower-in-breast-fed-than-formula-fed-infants
#14
Hiromichi Shoji, Naho Ikeda, Tomohiro Kitamura, Hiroki Suganuma, Mai Ohba, Toshiaki Okuno, Takehiko Yokomizo, Toshiaki Shimizu
AIM: The metabolic changes that occur during the postnatal weaning period appear to be particularly important for future health and breast milk is considered to provide the optimal source of infant nutrition. This pilot study from September 2013 to May 2015 examined the effect of breastfeeding on prostaglandin metabolism in healthy term infants. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from 19 infants at one month of age in the Juntendo University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan...
September 12, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890531/activities-of-daily-living-adl-of-single-elderly-individuals-using-social-assistive-programs-in-a-rural-community
#15
Yoshiharu Yokokawa, Kei Miyoshi, Ichiro Kai
Objectives The proportion of elderly individuals living alone is increasing in Japan. Matsumoto city office provides social assistive programs such as home help, lunch delivery, life advice, and safety check telephone calls. The purpose of this study was to compare the level of ADL between the elderly using social assistive programs (the use group) and those who did not (the non-use group).Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study at Shiga district of Matsumoto city in September 2014. A total of 128 elderly individuals participated in this study...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872912/an-assessment-of-treatment-guidelines-clinical-practices-demographics-and-progression-of-disease-among-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-japan-the-united-states-and-europe
#16
Koji Takei, Kikumi Tsuda, Fumihiro Takahashi, Manabu Hirai, Joseph Palumbo
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing clinical research focus on neuroprotective agents in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, it is unclear how generalisable clinical study trial results are between different countries and regions. OBJECTIVE: To assess similarities and differences in clinical practice and treatment guidelines for ALS, and also to compare the demographics and rate of progression of disease in patients with ALS enrolled in clinical trials in Japan, the US, and Europe...
October 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871007/occurrence-of-depressive-tendency-and-associated-social-factors-among-elderly-persons-forced-by-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-nuclear-disaster-to-live-as-long-term-evacuees-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Yujiro Kuroda, Hajime Iwasa, Aya Goto, Kazuki Yoshida, Kumiko Matsuda, Yumi Iwamitsu, Seiji Yasumura
PURPOSE: This study examined the incidence of depression and associated factors among elderly persons from Iitate village after the March 2011 earthquake. METHOD: This was a prospective cohort study. As a baseline survey, in May 2010 a self-assessment Basic Checklist (BCL) was distributed to 1611 elderly villagers, of which 1277 responded. Of these respondents, 885 without a tendency to depression (69.3%) were given a follow-up survey in May 2013. The BCL was used to assess depression tendency, instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), physical function, nutritional status, oral function, homeboundness, cognitive function and social activities...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857414/predictive-factors-of-rehospitalization-for-worsening-heart-failure-and-cardiac-death-within-1%C3%A2-year-in-octogenarians-hospitalized-for-heart-failure
#18
Tomoyuki Hamada, Toru Kubo, Naohito Yamasaki, Hiroaki Kitaoka
AIM: To investigate the predictive factors of cardiac events including rehospitalization for worsening heart failure (HF) and cardiac death within 1 year after hospital discharge in octogenarians hospitalized for HF. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed in detail clinical data for patients aged >80 years who were admitted to Kochi University, Kochi, Japan, for acute decompensated HF in order to identify predictive factors for cardiac events within 1 year. RESULTS: A total of 67 patients (mean age of 85 ± 4 years, 39 men) were included, and 28 patients (41...
August 30, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840539/recent-advances-in-pharmacological-research-on-ecklonia-species-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Prashamsa Koirala, Hyun Ah Jung, Jae Sue Choi
The genus Ecklonia (Lessoniaceae, Phaeophyceae), commonly called kelp (brown algae), is abundant on the coasts of Japan and Korea. During the past few decades, Ecklonia species have received tremendous attention for their wide range of therapeutic properties and multiple health benefits, such as great nutritional value and being rich in vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, proteins, and polysaccharides. Several novel functional ingredients with diversified biological activities have been isolated and possess antimicrobial, antiviral, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, anticarcinogenic, immunomodulatory, hypolipidemic, anti-diabetic, and antioxidant therapeutic properties...
September 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821319/higher-dietary-acid-load-is-weakly-associated-with-higher-adiposity-measures-and-blood-pressure-in-japanese-adults-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#20
Kentaro Murakami, M Barbara E Livingstone, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki
Epidemiologic evidence on the associations between dietary acid load and metabolic risk factors are limited and inconsistent. We investigated the hypothesis that dietary acid load is associated with adverse profiles of metabolic risk factors in Japanese adults. This cross-sectional study included 15 618 Japanese adults aged ≥20 years from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. Dietary acid load was characterized as potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP) based on information on nutrient intake, which was derived from a 1-day semi-weighed dietary record...
August 2017: Nutrition Research
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