Read by QxMD icon Read

Japan and nutrition

Daeho Kim, Sanghyun Hong, Hongjun Na, Jihwan Chun, Robin B Guevarra, You-Tae Kim, Sangryeol Ryu, Hyeun Bum Kim, Ju-Hoon Lee
Bellflower root ( Platycodon grandiflorum ), which belongs to the Campanulaceae family, is a perennial grass that grows naturally in Korea, northeastern China, and Japan. Bellflower is widely consumed as both food and medicine due to its high nutritional value and potential therapeutic effects. Since foodborne disease outbreaks often come from vegetables, understanding the public health risk of microorganisms on fresh vegetables is pivotal to predict and prevent foodborne disease outbreaks.We investigated the microbial communities on the bellflower root (n=10)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Hiroshi Ihara, Sachiko Kiuchi, Takayuki Ishige, Motoi Nishimura, Kazuyuki Matsushita, Mamoru Satoh, Fumio Nomura, Mine Yamashita, Isamu Kitajima, Naoko Tsugawa, Toshio Okano, Kouichi Hirota, Masakazu Miura, Masayuki Totani, Naotaka Hashizume
BACKGROUND: To assess vitamin D nutritional status, serum total 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration is measured. We used six automated 25(OH)D immunoassays (AIAs) available in Japan and certified by the Vitamin D Standardization Program (VDSP) at U.S. CDC to assess the concordance of assay results. METHODS: Serum total 25(OH)D concentrations in SRM 972a and 20 sera from patients were determined using three liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and six AIAs (pilot study), and an additional 110 sera were assessed by the six AIAs (surveillance study)...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Kenji Hosoda, Hideki Sasahara, Kei Matsushita, Yasuaki Tamura, Makoto Miyaji, Hiroki Matsuyama
Objective: An experiment was conducted to assess the antioxidant contents and activities of colored rice grains and to evaluate their nutritive characteristics in terms of chemical composition and in situ ruminal degradation. Methods: Ten cultivars of colored rice grains (Oryza sativa L.) collected from several areas of Japan were studied, and control rice without pigment, maize, barley, and wheat grains were used as control grains. Their chemical compositions, pigment, polyphenol contents, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and degradation characteristics were determined...
March 2, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Masayoshi Tsuji, Hisatomi Arima, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Koshi Nakamura, Toshiro Takezaki, Kiyomi Sakata, Nagako Okuda, Nobuo Nishi, Aya Kadota, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors remains unknown in a general Japanese population. METHODS: Of 8,815 participants from 300 randomly selected areas throughout Japan, 2,467 participants who were free of cardiovascular disease and who provided information on SES in the National Health and Nutrition Survey of Japan 2010 were enrolled in this cross-sectional analysis. SES was classified according to the employment status, length of education, marital and living statuses, and equivalent household expenditure (EHE)...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Naoko Miyagawa, Nagako Okuda, Hideaki Nakagawa, Toshiro Takezaki, Nobuo Nishi, Naoyuki Takashima, Akira Fujiyoshi, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Aya Kadota, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: Although socioeconomic status (SES) may affect food and nutrient intakes, few studies have reported on sodium (Na) and potassium (K) intakes among individuals with various SESs in Japan. We investigated associations of SES with Na and K intake levels using urinary specimens in a representative Japanese population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 2,560 men and women (the NIPPON DATA2010 cohort) who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Survey Japan in 2010...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Tomomi Nagahata, Mieko Nakamura, Toshiyuki Ojima, Imako Kondo, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Katsushi Yoshita, Yusuke Arai, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Keiko Murakami, Nobuo Nishi, Yoshitaka Murakami, Naoyuki Takashima, Nagako Okuda, Aya Kadota, Naoko Miyagawa, Keiko Kondo, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: A lower socioeconomic status (SES) may be related to the intake of unhealthy food; however, this relationship has not been examined in detail. This study was undertaken to examine relationships among food group intakes and SES in a representative Japanese population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using the baseline data of NIPPON DATA2010, which is a prospective cohort study of the National Health and Nutrition Survey in Japan. A total of 2,898 participants were included in the baseline survey in 2010...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Aya Kadota, Nagako Okuda, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Tomonori Okamura, Nobuo Nishi, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: The structure and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in Japan may change because lifestyle, particularly nutrition, socioeconomic status, and medical care, which affect CVD, may markedly change over time. Therefore, a new prospective cohort study on a representative general Japanese population based on national surveys is required. METHODS: In November 2010, the baseline survey of the National Integrated Project for Prospective Observation of Non-communicable Disease and its Trends in the Aged 2010 (NIPPON DATA2010) was performed with the National Health and Nutrition Survey of Japan (NHNS2010) in 300 randomly selected districts throughout Japan...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Masaru Sakurai, Hideaki Nakagawa, Aya Kadota, Katsushi Yoshita, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Nagako Okuda, Nobuo Nishi, Yoshihiro Miyamoto, Hisatomi Arima, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: This study examined the relationships among household income, other SES indicators, and macronutrient intake in a cross-sectional study of a representative Japanese population. METHODS: In 2010, we established a cohort of participants in the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHNS) from 300 randomly selected areas throughout Japan. A total of 2,637 participants (1,145 men and 1,492 women) were included in the study. Data from NHNS2010 and the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions 2010 (CSCL2010) were merged, and relationships among macronutrient intake and SES were evaluated...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Tomiyo Nakamura, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Shigeyuki Saitoh, Tomonori Okamura, Masahiko Yanagita, Katsushi Yoshita, Yoshikuni Kita, Yoshitaka Murakami, Hiroshi Yokomichi, Nobuo Nishi, Nagako Okuda, Aya Kadota, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) imbalances in developed and developing countries may result in individuals being overweight and obese. However, few studies have investigated this issue in Japan. We herein examined the relationship between SES and being underweight, overweight or obese according to sex and age groups (20-64 or ≥65 years) in Japan. METHODS: In 2010, we established a cohort of participants in the National Health and Nutrition Survey of Japan...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Akira Wada, Chiaki Sonoda, Yuya Makino, Yuki Hama, Akihiro Nagahama, Daisuke Harada
In Japan, parenteral nutrition (PN) solutions are frequently administered to patients in the postoperative short-term period. In these cases, amino acid-containing peripheral parenteral nutrition (PPN) solutions, amino acid-free maintenance solutions or combinations of the two are used. However, consensus regarding the most beneficial solution for these patients is lacking. Here, we examined the nutritional status and wound healing outcomes in protein-malnourished rats receiving postoperative administrations of PPN solution, maintenance solution or combinations of the two solutions...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
K Motokawa, Y Watanabe, A Edahiro, M Shirobe, M Murakami, T Kera, H Kawai, S Obuchi, Y Fujiwara, K Ihara, Y Tanaka, H Hirano
Providing older person individuals with an appropriate intervention at the time of frailty onset is important to prevent the progression of the condition and the need for long-term care. However, the proper timing of starting nutritional and dietary interventions for frail older person subjects has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, in this cross-sectional study, we aimed to clarify the association between frailty and dietary variety among older persons in Japan. We surveyed sex, age, body height, body weight, body mass index, serum albumin level, dietary variety, and nutritional intake indexes in 747 community-dwelling older person individuals who underwent a comprehensive health examination in October 2014...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Naomi Tamura, Tomoyuki Hanaoka, Kumiko Ito, Atsuko Araki, Chihiro Miyashita, Sachiko Ito, Hisanori Minakami, Kazutoshi Cho, Toshiaki Endo, Kazuo Sengoku, Katsuhiko Ogasawara, Reiko Kishi
From 1985 to 2013, the mean birth weight of infants in Japan decreased from 3120 g to 3000 g, and the low-birth-weight rate among live births increased from 6.3% to 9.6%. No prospective study has elucidated the risk factors for poor fetal growth and preterm birth in recent Japanese parents, such as increased parental age, maternal body figure, assisted reproductive technology (ART), and socioeconomic status. Participants were mother-infant pairs ( n = 18,059) enrolled in a prospective birth cohort in Hokkaido, Japan from 2002 to 2013...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Isao Tabei, Shigeru Tsuchida, Tetsuro Akashi, Katsuichiro Ookubo, Satoru Hosoda, Yoshiyuki Furukawa, Yoshiaki Tanabe, Yoshiko Tamura
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The initial complications associated with infusion of enteral nutrition (EN) for clinical and nutritional care are vomiting, aspiration pneumonia, and diarrhea. There are many recommendations to prevent these complications. A novel method involving a viscosity-regulating pectin solution has been demonstrated. In Japan, this method along with the other so-called "semi-solid EN" approaches has been widely used in practice. However, there has been no randomized clinical trial to prove the efficiency and safety of a viscosity-regulating pectin solution in EN management...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Hideki Taniguchi, Toshio Sasaki, Hisae Fujita, Hiroko Kobayashi, Rieko Kawasaki, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa, Keiko Ushigome, Akemi Tanaka, Osami Takano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) program has been proposed as a postoperative recovery-enhancing strategy. We frequently apply the Modified-ERAS program following oesophagectomy. This study aims to elucidate the impact of goal-directed fluid therapy (GDT) for the perioperative management of oesophageal cancer on the postoperative recovery of patients undergoing oesophagectomy. METHODS: This is an interventional before-after comparative observational study conducted at Kanagawa Cancer Centre, Japan...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Nobuhide Kido, Sohei Tanaka, Yuko Wada, Sumito Sato
Eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) younger than 19 months at Kanazawa Zoological Gardens, Japan, frequently died of enteritis. The main cause of death was coccidiosis. This study aimed to reveal retrospectively the clinical features of enteritis and factors contributing to its high occurrence. In addition, haematological and serum biochemical parameters in kangaroos younger than 24 months were analyzed. The findings suggested that enteritis occurrence was higher in 10- to 12-month-old kangaroos than other ages and during seasons with high temperature and humidity than during seasons with low temperature and humidity...
February 16, 2018: Zoo Biology
Dele Raheem, Conrado Carrascosa, Oluwatoyin Bolanle Oluwole, Maaike Nieuwland, Ariana Saraiva, Rafael Millán, António Raposo
The traditional consumption of edible insects is common in one third of the world's population, mostly in Latin America, Africa and Asia. There are over one thousand identified species of insects eaten in some stage of their life cycle; and they play important roles in ensuring food security. The most common way to collect insects are from the wild, which is seasonal with limited availability and has an increasing demand resulting in a disruption to the ecosystem. There is a growing interest shown in rearing insects for commercial purposes, and an industrial scale production will be required to ensure steady supplies...
February 15, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Kentaro Murakami, Satoshi Sasaki
We investigated the hypothesis that the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of Japanese children is associated with both favorable and unfavorable aspects of dietary intake. This cross-sectional study was based on 1-day weighed dietary record data from 3866 children in the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. The GI of foods was assigned based on a stepwise published strategy using values from common GI databases. Mean dietary GI and GL were, respectively, 63.4 and 108.2 for children aged 1-6 years, 64...
January 2018: Nutrition Research
Ana San Gabriel, Kumiko Ninomiya, Hisayuki Uneyama
As incomes steadily increase globally, traditional diets have been displaced by diets that are usually animal-based with a high content of "empty calories" or refined sugars, refined fats, and alcohol. Dietary transition coupled with the expansion of urbanization and lower physical activity have been linked to the global growth in the prevalence of obesity, overweight and life style-related non-communicable diseases. The challenge is in how to reverse the trend of high consumption of less healthy food by more healthful and more environmentally sustainable diets...
February 3, 2018: Nutrients
Yoshitaka Watanabe, Kazuo Itabashi, Motohiro Taki, Tokuo Miyazawa, Yuya Nakano, Masahiko Murase
AIM: The aim of this study was to predict the neurological prognosis of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We examined the relationship between nutritional status, brain volume measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and anthropometric measurements of VLBW infants at term-equivalent age (TEA). METHODS: We evaluated 27 VLBW infants, born at Showa University Hospital in Japan between April 2012 and August 2013, who underwent brain MRI at TEA. Based on their clinical data, we analysed their protein and energy intake...
January 31, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Sooyoun Kwon, Yoonjae Yeoh, Satoko Abe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the nutritional quality and patterns of lunch menus provided by child care centers in South Korea and Japan. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The weekly lunch menus from Monday to Saturday that child care centers provided in November 2014 in South Korea and Japan were analyzed. For Korea, a total of 72 meals provided by 12 centers in Seoul were analyzed by referring to the homepage of the Center for Children's Foodservice Management, which serviced menus for child care centers...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"