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Japan and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748234/erosive-tooth-wear-among-different-tooth-types-and-surfaces-in-japanese-adults-15-to-89-years-old
#1
Yuichi Kitasako, Yoshiyuk Sasaki, Tomohiro Takagaki, Alireza Sadr, Junji Tagami
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of erosive tooth wear on buccal, incisal/occlusal and palatal/lingual surfaces in a wide age range of Japanese adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included a total of 1108 adults aged 15 to 89 years in Tokyo, Japan. The subjects were asked to complete a self-administered nutrition-related questionnaire. Two examiners evaluated tooth wear on the buccal, occlusal/incisal and palatal/lingual surfaces in a full-mouth recording, using a modified Smith and Knight tooth-wear index...
July 25, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747593/feeding-support-team-for-frail-disabled-or-elderly-people-during-the-early-phase-of-a-disaster
#2
Keisuke Maeda, Hiroshi Shamoto, Satoshi Furuya
Japan was struck by two catastrophic disasters on March 11, 2011 and on April 16, 2016. The former was the Great East Japan Earthquake (M9.0) and the latter was the Kumamoto Earthquake (M7.0). Most inhabitants in the affected areas of both disasters were forced to live in evacuation centers right after the earthquake. Poor oral hygiene, inactivity, malnourishment, appetite loss, eating problems, and swallowing problems due to lack of support for frail, disabled, or elderly evacuees occur during the early phases after a disaster...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727015/triennial-growth-and-development-symposium-molecular-mechanisms-related-to-bovine-intramuscular-fat-deposition-in-the-longissimus-muscle
#3
M Baik, H J Kang, S J Park, S W Na, M Piao, S Y Kim, D M Fassah, Y S Moon
The intramuscular fat (IMF) content of the LM, also known as marbling, is particularly important in determining the price of beef in Korea, Japan, and the United States. Deposition of IMF is influenced by both genetic (e.g., breed, gender, and genotype) and nongenetic factors (e.g., castration, nutrition, stressors, animal weight, and age). Castration of bulls markedly increases deposition of IMF, resulting in improved beef quality. Here, we present a comparative gene expression approach between bulls and steers...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720541/biological-sources-of-variation-of-serum-adiponectin-among-healthy-individuals-in-comparison-with-related-nutritional-and-inflammatory-markers
#4
Yoshihisa Shimizu, Kiyoshi Ichihara, Katsuyuki Nakajima
BACKGROUND: Serum adiponectin (AN) is a nutritional and inflammatory marker of various diseases. Its biological sources of variation (SVs) have been widely evaluated in, but its relationships with other related markers remain to be studied comprehensibly by use of multivariate analyses including factor analysis. METHODS: Serum specimens from 752 well-defined healthy subjects (295 males; 457 females) obtained from Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Vietnam were tested for total AN (tAN) and high-molecular-weight AN (hmAN) together with 71 major analytes...
July 15, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717805/relationship-between-diet-related-indicators-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-older-adults-in-rural-japan
#5
M Ishikawa, S Moriya, T Yokoyama
OBJECTIVES: To identify the relationship between diet-related indicators and overweight and obesity in older adults in rural Japan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Obira, Hokkaido, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Local residents aged between 65 and 74 years, except for those with poor health, were included. INTERVENTION: A health- and diet-related questionnaire was applied to participants house-to-house by trained health professionals...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699629/dietary-intake-of-antioxidant-vitamins-and-risk-of-stroke-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#6
S Uesugi, J Ishihara, H Iso, N Sawada, R Takachi, M Inoue, S Tsugane
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiologic evidence on the relationship between antioxidant vitamin intake and stroke is limited. We aimed to investigate the association between dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins and the incidence of total stroke and ischemic stroke. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The subjects were 82 044 Japanese men and women aged 45-74 years under the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Cohort Study. Between 1995 and 1997, dietary assessment was done using a food frequency questionnaire...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680644/prevalence-of-anaemia-and-associated-risk-factors-among-children-in-north-western-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Ismail Dragon Legason, Alex Atiku, Ronald Ssenyonga, Peter Olupot-Olupot, John Banson Barugahare
BACKGROUND: Despite the public health significance of anaemia in African children, its broader and often preventable risk factors remain largely under described. This study investigated, for the first time, the prevalence of childhood anaemia and its risk factors in an urban setting in Uganda. METHODS: A total of 342 children were enrolled. Venous blood samples were collected in EDTA tubes and analyzed using Symex 500i (Symex Corp. Japan). Stool and urine samples were analyzed according to established standard methods...
2017: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670231/japanese-physicians-attitudes-towards-enteral-nutrition-treatment-for-pediatric-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-a-questionnaire-survey
#8
Takashi Ishige, Takeshi Tomomasa, Hitoshi Tajiri, Atsushi Yoden
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Enteral nutrition (EN) is recommended for the treatment of pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) in Japan. However, the indications and treatment protocols for EN vary among hospitals. In the present study, we aimed to determine how EN was administered to pediatric patients and whether physicians followed treatment guidelines in their practices. METHODS: Two types of questionnaires were administered to 32 physicians who were involved in the treatment of pediatric CD...
July 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634051/revisiting-interdialytic-weight-gain-and-mortality-association-with-serum-albumin-interactions-the-japanese-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-pattern-study
#9
Noriaki Kurita, Yasuaki Hayashino, Shin Yamazaki, Tadao Akizawa, Takashi Akiba, Akira Saito, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: The dialysis practice guideline in Japan sets a limit on the allowed interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) <6%. However, the effects of relative gain of fluid volume to body weight may differ in presence of morbid conditions. Here, we examined whether or not the associations between IDWG and mortality differ by serum albumin (sAlb), a nutritional and illness marker. DESIGN: The study type used was prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: Patients who participated in the Japan Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Pattern Study (phase 1-4 [1999-2011]) and received thrice-weekly hemodialysis...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630699/nutritional-correlates-of-monetary-diet-cost-in-young-middle-aged-and-older-japanese-women
#10
Keiko Shiraki, Kentaro Murakami, Hitomi Okubo, M Barbara E Livingstone, Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
Studies in many Western countries have consistently shown that monetary diet cost is positively associated with diet quality, but this may not necessarily be the case in Japan. This cross-sectional study examined the nutritional correlates of monetary diet cost among 3963 young (all 18 years old), 3800 middle-aged (mean age 48 years) and 2211 older (mean age 74 years) Japanese women. Dietary intakes were assessed using a comprehensive self-administered diet history questionnaire for young and middle-aged women and a brief self-administered diet history questionnaire for older women...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600636/results-of-a-nationwide-questionnaire-based-survey-on-nutrition-management-following-gastric-cancer-resection-in-japan
#11
Nobuyuki Shimizu, Fumihiko Hatao, Kazuhiko Fukatsu, Susumu Aikou, Yukinori Yamagata, Kazuhiko Mori, Hiroharu Yamashita, Sachiyo Nomura, Yasuyuki Seto
PURPOSE: A study was conducted to clarify the actual status of nutrition management after gastric cancer surgery in Japan and obtain basic data for optimizing perioperative nutrition management. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 354 hospitals with at least 50 cases of gastric cancer surgery per year. Questions included the perioperative nutrition management and length of hospital stay for patients who underwent gastric cancer surgery within three months of the survey...
June 9, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576447/relationship-between-nutrition-knowledge-and-dietary-intake-among-primary-school-children-in-japan-combined-effect-of-children-s-and-their-guardians-knowledge
#12
Keiko Asakura, Hidemi Todoriki, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Improving the dietary habits of children is important to decrease the future burden of noncommunicable diseases. While various food education programs have been implemented worldwide, evaluation of nutrition knowledge is difficult, even at baseline. Further, the relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intake has not been clarified in non-western countries. METHODS: After developing nutrition knowledge questionnaires for Japanese primary school children and adults, we examined whether higher nutrition knowledge of children and their guardians was associated with better dietary intake in children...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542317/systematic-review-of-dietary-salt-reduction-policies-evidence-for-an-effectiveness-hierarchy
#13
Lirije Hyseni, Alex Elliot-Green, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Chris Kypridemos, Martin O'Flaherty, Rory McGill, Lois Orton, Helen Bromley, Francesco P Cappuccio, Simon Capewell
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable disease (NCD) prevention strategies now prioritise four major risk factors: food, tobacco, alcohol and physical activity. Dietary salt intake remains much higher than recommended, increasing blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and stomach cancer. Substantial reductions in salt intake are therefore urgently needed. However, the debate continues about the most effective approaches. To inform future prevention programmes, we systematically reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of possible salt reduction interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522901/transition-of-early-phase-treatment-for-acute-pancreatitis-an-analysis-of-nationwide-epidemiological-survey
#14
EDITORIAL
Shin Hamada, Atsushi Masamune, Tooru Shimosegawa
Treatment of acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the critical challenges to the field of gastroenterology because of its high mortality rate and high medical costs associated with the treatment of severe cases. Early-phase treatments for AP have been optimized in Japan, and clinical guidelines have been provided. However, changes in early-phase treatments and the relationship between treatment strategy and clinical outcome remain unclear. Retrospective analysis of nationwide epidemiological data shows that time for AP diagnosis has shortened, and the amount of initial fluid resuscitation has increased over time, indicating the compliance with guidelines...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516130/nutritional-status-and-body-composition-of-independently-living-older-adults-in-a-snowy-region-of-japan
#15
Tomoko Shimoda, Teppei Suzuki, Noriko Takahashi, Kaori Tsutsumi, Mina Samukawa, Shoko Yoshimachi, Teruaki Goto, Hisashi Enomoto, Nobuyuki Kise, Katsuhiko Ogasawara, Sadako Yoshimura
Lifestyle diseases, which are associated with nutrition, account for 30% of elderly requiring long-term care. To increase health expectancy among Japan's rapidly aging population, we investigated the nutritional status and body composition of elderly adults living in a region subject to heavy snowfall, to identify pertinent health indicators. The dietary habits of 288 local residents aged ≥50 years were analyzed using body composition and a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire. Body mass index of all residents was normal...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490567/validity-and-reliability-of-the-patient-centred-assessment-method-for-patient-complexity-and-relationship-with-hospital-length-of-stay-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Shuhei Yoshida, Masato Matsushima, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Rieko Mutai, Shinichi Murayama, Tetsuro Hayashi, Hiroko Ichikawa, Yuko Nakano, Takamasa Watanabe, Yasuki Fujinuma
OBJECTIVES: Several instruments for evaluating patient complexity have been developed from a biopsychosocial perspective. Although relationships between the results obtained by these instruments and the length of stay in hospital have been examined, many instruments are complicated and not easy to use. The Patient Centred Assessment Method (PCAM) is a candidate for practical use. This study aimed to test the validity and reliability of the PCAM and examine the correlations between length of hospital stay and PCAM scores in a regional secondary care hospital in Japan...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488767/an-assessment-of-postcranial-indices-ratios-and-body-mass-versus-eco-geographical-variables-of-prehistoric-jomon-yayoi-agriculturalists-and-kumejima-islanders-of-japan
#17
Noriko Seguchi, Conrad B Quintyn, Shiori Yonemoto, Hirofumi Takamuku
OBJECTIVES: We explore variations in body and limb proportions of the Jomon hunter-gatherers (14,000-2500 BP), the Yayoi agriculturalists (2500-1700 BP) of Japan, and the Kumejima Islanders of the Ryukyus (1600-1800 AD) with 11 geographically diverse skeletal postcranial samples from Africa, Europe, Asia, Australia, and North America using brachial-crural indices, femur head-breadth-to-femur length ratio, femur head-breadth-to-lower-limb-length ratio, and body mass as indicators of phenotypic climatic adaptation...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483361/secular-trends-in-growth
#18
Julie Fudvoye, Anne-Simone Parent
Human adult height has been increasing world-wide for a century and a half. The rate of increase depends on time and place of measurement. Final height appears to have reached a plateau in Northern European countries but it is still increasing in southern European countries as well as Japan. While mean birth length has not changed recently in industrialized countries, the secular trend finally observed in adult height mostly originates during the first 2 years of life. Secular trend in growth is a marker of public health and provides insights into the interaction between growth and environment...
June 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465668/functional-components-in-sweetpotato-and-their-genetic-improvement
#19
REVIEW
Masaru Tanaka, Koji Ishiguro, Tomoyuki Oki, Shigenori Okuno
In addition to the nutritionally important components such as starches, vitamins and minerals, storage roots and leaves of sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) contains several components with health-promoting functions. Of these, the functionalities of carotenoids, anthocyanins and caffeoylquinic acids have been well established by in vitro and in vivo experiments. Several sweetpotato cultivars containing high levels of these components have been developed in Japan; e.g., 'Ayamurasaki', which has high amounts of anthocyanin in its storage roots...
January 2017: Breeding Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458289/application-of-natural-ingredients-to-preventive-medicine
#20
Junko Yokota
 The super-aging society in Japan is currently experiencing growing demand for treatments that improve health and longevity. To develop new high-functional foods and search for pharmaceutical candidates among foods and natural products, it is necessary to promote organic collaboration among researchers in pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, and other fields to encourage joint utilization of their technologies. Recently, attempts have been made to use numerous foods and natural products to prevent or treat diseases based on scientific evidence...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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