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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770842/clinical-features-and-practice-patterns-of-gastroschisis-a-retrospective-analysis-using-a-japanese-national-inpatient-database
#1
Michimasa Fujiogi, Nobuaki Michihata, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga, Jun Fujishiro
PURPOSE: The number of infants with gastroschisis is increasing worldwide, but advances in neonatal intensive care and parenteral nutrition have reduced gastroschisis mortality. Recent clinical data on gastroschisis are often from Western nations. This study aimed to examine clinical features and practice patterns of gastroschisis in Japan. METHODS: We examined treatment options, outcomes, and discharge status among inpatients with simple gastroschisis (SG) and complex gastroschisis (CG), 2010-2016, using a national inpatient database in Japan...
May 16, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770549/importance-of-frailty-evaluation-in-the-prediction-of-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-chronic-subdural-hematoma
#2
Kiyoharu Shimizu, Takashi Sadatomo, Takeshi Hara, Shumpei Onishi, Kiyoshi Yuki, Kaoru Kurisu
AIM: The present study aimed to clarify the relationship between frailty and prognosis of patients with chronic subdural hematoma. METHODS: This retrospective study involved 211 patients aged ≥65 years with chronic subdural hematoma, who underwent surgery at Higashihiroshima Medical Center, Hiroshima, Japan, between July 2011 and May 2017. The study outcome was the patient's modified Rankin Scale score at 3 months after surgery. A logistic regression analysis was carried out to analyze factors that influenced the outcome...
May 17, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764525/development-of-understanding-of-dohad-concepts-in-students-during-undergraduate-health-professional-programs-in-japan-and-new-zealand
#3
M Oyamada, A Lim, R Dixon, C Wall, J Bay
Evidence in support of the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis has reached the level where it can appropriately be used to inform practice. DOHaD informed interventions supporting primary noncommunicable disease risk reduction should target the pre- and periconceptional periods, pregnancy, lactation, childhood and adolescence. Such interventions are dependent on a health workforce (including dietitians, nurses, midwives, doctors, and nutrition teachers), that has a deep understanding of DOHaD concepts...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752190/nutritional-status-changes-and-activities-of-daily-living-after-hip-fracture-in-convalescent-rehabilitation-units-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study-from-the-japan-rehabilitation-nutrition-database
#4
Shinta Nishioka, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Ryo Momosaki
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that malnutrition impedes functional recovery in patients with hip fracture, but there are few reports on improvement in nutritional status and return to activities of daily living (ADL) in these patients. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between change in nutritional status and recovery of ADL in malnourished patients after hip fracture and to identify predictors of functional recovery among the characteristic features of undernutrition...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731497/lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency-in-japan-a-case-report-of-siblings-and-a-literature-review-of-cases-in-japan
#5
Naoyuki Ikari, Akira Shimizu, Takeshi Asano
We report on two siblings with early onset lysosomal acid lipase deficiency or Wolman disease. Their parents had a consanguineous marriage. The children showed evidence of abdominal distension and failed to thrive, despite having regular nutrition. At 3-4 months of age, their abdominal distension and jaundice progressed rapidly and they died of liver failure. Sebelipase alfa, a recombinant form of human lysosomal acid lipase has recently been used as an enzyme replacement therapy in patients with later-onset cholesteryl ester storage disease...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731493/current-practice-and-outcomes-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in-the-nippon-medical-school-musashi-kosugi-hospital
#6
Yuichiro Sumi, Yukinao Sakai, Koji Mugishima, Anna Suzuki, Yusuke Otsuka, Tomoyuki Otsuka, Shuichi Tsuruoka
INTRODUCTION: Various innovations for preventing complications and improving a patient's quality of life have been implemented for peritoneal dialysis (PD), which was established in Japan approximately 35 years ago and introduced at our hospital in 1999. Herein, we investigate the outcomes of patients undergoing PD to identify approaches for improving their long-term prognosis. METHODS: This retrospective study included 114 patients who underwent PD between September 1999 and August 2017 and included various parameters such as patient survival rate, technical survival rate, cause (s) of PD withdrawal, incidence of peritonitis, dialysis duration, and change in residual renal function (RRF)...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722107/the-key-roles-of-hepatologists-in-successful-liver-transplantation
#7
REVIEW
Tomomi Kogiso, Katsutoshi Tokushige
Liver transplantation (LT) has been performed for acute liver failure, end-stage liver disease, and congenital metabolic disease in more than 7,000 cases in Japan. LT has been established as a treatment option, and survival rates have improved. In 2016, a new registration/allocation policy and a new scoring system for deceased-donor LT (DDLT) were established. The management of perioperative patients and preoperative therapy for liver failure, nutrition, and preventing infection were upgraded. Moreover, methods for preventing disease recurrence, and treating hepatitis C and B have been developed and are particularly crucial for good outcomes in LT...
May 2, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710030/characteristics-of-the-japanese-diet-described-in-epidemiologic-publications-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#8
Nozomu Suzuki, Yoshihito Goto, Haruka Ota, Kumiko Kito, Fumika Mano, Erina Joo, Kaori Ikeda, Nobuya Inagaki, Takeo Nakayama
CONTEXT: International interest in the Japanese diet has grown in recent years. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate and organize the Japanese diet and dietary characteristics from an epidemiological perspective, mainly focusing on the nutritional and dietary elements. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, Japan Medical Abstracts Society, JDream III, and CiNii databases were searched. STUDY SELECTION: The eligibility criteria included research with an epidemiological study design that was either cross-sectional, cohort, or case-control-based that defined the dietary patterns of the Japanese diet using dietary pattern analysis...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707085/enteral-nutrition-with-an-enteral-formula-containing-egg-yolk-lecithin-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-a-case-series
#9
Tetsuro Akashi, Risa Hashimoto, Akihisa Ohno, Kazuhide Matsumoto, Yukari Nakamura
The occurrence of diarrhea at the beginning of enteral nutrition complicates the continuation of enteral nutrition. Recently, studies in Japan indicated that diarrhea could be improved by changing the enteral formula to one that is emulsified with egg yolk lecithin. In this study, we administered the enteral formula K-2S plus, which is emulsified with egg yolk lecithin, to 15 patients (four men and 11 women; mean age, 79.9 ± 2.0 years) after they had undergone a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) to prevent the occurrence of diarrhea related to enteral nutrition...
April 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695676/-notable-adverse-events-associated-with-concomitant-use-of-health-foods-and-drugs-derived-from-the-analysis-of-hfnet-data-on-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-health-foods
#10
Ayako Kojima, Yoko Sato, Tsuyoshi Chiba, Keizo Umegaki
Health foods are commonly consumed at their own discretion by patients with various diseases who are also being treated with conventional drugs. Both health foods and drugs are diverse, and enormous numbers of possible combinations exist, so that it is very difficult to identify adverse events that may occur due to their interactions. Here, we analyzed the characteristics of adverse events related to the concomitant use of health foods and drugs using data from the "Information system on safety and effectiveness for health foods (HFNet)" website (https://hfnet...
2018: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691385/deep-whole-genome-sequencing-reveals-recent-selection-signatures-linked-to-evolution-and-disease-risk-of-japanese
#11
Yukinori Okada, Yukihide Momozawa, Saori Sakaue, Masahiro Kanai, Kazuyoshi Ishigaki, Masato Akiyama, Toshihiro Kishikawa, Yasumichi Arai, Takashi Sasaki, Kenjiro Kosaki, Makoto Suematsu, Koichi Matsuda, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Michiaki Kubo, Nobuyoshi Hirose, Yoichiro Kamatani
Understanding natural selection is crucial to unveiling evolution of modern humans. Here, we report natural selection signatures in the Japanese population using 2234 high-depth whole-genome sequence (WGS) data (25.9×). Using rare singletons, we identify signals of very recent selection for the past 2000-3000 years in multiple loci (ADH cluster, MHC region, BRAP-ALDH2, SERHL2). In large-scale genome-wide association study (GWAS) dataset (n = 171,176), variants with selection signatures show enrichment in heterogeneity of derived allele frequency spectra among the geographic regions of Japan, highlighted by two major regional clusters (Hondo and Ryukyu)...
April 24, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679045/trends-in-the-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-among-preterm-infants-from-2003-2012-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-japan
#12
Hidehiko Nakanishi, Hideyo Suenaga, Atsushi Uchiyama, Yumi Kono, Satoshi Kusuda
OBJECTIVES: To determine the trends in mortality and the prevalence of abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes among preterm Japanese infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective multicenter cohort of 30,793 preterm infants born at a gestational age ≤32 weeks, between 2003 and 2012, in the Neonatal Research Network, Japan, was evaluated in the primary analysis. Finally, 13,661 infants were followed-up until 3 years of age and evaluated for neurodevelopmental outcomes, including cerebral palsy (CP), home oxygen therapy (HOT) use, and visual, hearing, and cognitive impairments...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657240/associations-of-non-standard-employment-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-findings-from-nationwide-cross-sectional-studies-in-japan
#13
Emiko Ando, Yuko Kachi, Norito Kawakami, Yoshiharu Fukuda, Tomoyuki Kawada
This study aimed to examine the cross-sectional association of non-standard employment with cardiovascular disease risk factors. Five years of data from the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions and National Health and Nutritional Survey were combined. We used logistic regression to examine the association of employment contract (non-standard [part-time, dispatched, or contract] vs. standard [full-time and permanent]) with eight cardiovascular disease risk factors among 1,636 men and 2,067 women aged 40-60 years...
April 13, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655730/nmr-and-gc-ms-based-metabolomic-characterization-of-sunki-an-unsalted-fermented-pickle-of-turnip-leaves
#14
Satoru Tomita, Toshihide Nakamura, Sanae Okada
This study revealed the compositional characteristics of sunki, a traditional, unsalted, lactic acid-fermented pickle produced using turnip leaf in Kiso district, Japan. Comprehensive compositional analysis by two metabolomic approaches based on NMR and solid-phase microextraction-GC/MS methods was used to determine its chemical composition by annotating 54 water-soluble and 62 volatile compounds. Principal component analysis showed that samples had different compositions, depending on the agricultural processing factory and production year...
August 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652898/tooth-loss-and-pneumonia-mortality-a-cohort-study-of-japanese-dentists
#15
Shino Suma, Mariko Naito, Kenji Wakai, Toru Naito, Masaaki Kojima, Osami Umemura, Makoto Yokota, Nobuhiro Hanada, Takashi Kawamura
Although associations between oral health and pneumonia have been reported in previous studies, particularly in the institutionalized elderly, few prospective studies have investigated the association between oral condition and pneumonia among community-dwelling people and whether the findings among inpatients or patients in nursing homes are applicable to the general population is still unclear. The oral bacteria propagated in the periodontal regions may drop into the lung and increase the risk of pneumonia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643271/japan-diet-intake-changes-serum-phospholipid-fatty-acid-compositions-in-middle-aged-men-a-pilot-study
#16
Yuri Shijo, Chizuko Maruyama, Eri Nakamura, Rena Nakano, Mitsuha Shima, Asumi Mae, Yuuna Okabe, Sunmi Park, Noriko Kameyama, Satomi Hirai
AIM: The Japan Diet nutritional education program effects on serum fatty acid compositions for prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in middle-aged men brought up in the westernized dietary environment of modern Japan were examined. METHODS: Thirty-three men, 30-49 years of age, attended a nutrition education class and were recommended to consume Japan Diet volumes (more fish, soybeans and soy products, vegetables, seaweed, konjak, mushrooms, and unrefined cereals and less animal fat, meat and poultry with fat, sweets, desserts and snacks, and alcoholic drinks) for 6 weeks...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629982/end-of-life-care-in-icus-in-east-asia-a-comparison-among-china-korea-and-japan
#17
So Young Park, Jason Phua, Masaji Nishimura, Yiyun Deng, Yan Kang, Keiichi Tada, Younsuck Koh
OBJECTIVES: To compare physicians' perceptions and practice of end-of-life care in the ICU in three East Asian countries cultures similarly rooted in Confucianism. DESIGN: A structured and scenario-based survey of physicians who managed ICU patients from May 2012 to December 2012. SETTING: ICUs in China, Korea, and Japan. SUBJECTS: Specialists who are either intensivists or nonintensivist primary attending physicians in charge of patients (195 in China, 186 in Korea, 224 in Japan)...
April 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611131/the-rare-disease-bank-of-japan-establishment-current-status-and-future-challenges
#18
Mayako Tada, Makoto Hirata, Mitsuho Sasaki, Ryuichi Sakate, Arihiro Kohara, Ichiro Takahashi, Yosuke Kameoka, Toru Masui, Akifumi Matsuyama
Research on rare diseases cannot be performed without appropriate samples from patients with such diseases. Due to the limited number of such patients, securing biosamples of sufficient quality for extensive research is a challenge and represents an important barrier to the advancement of research on rare diseases. To tackle this problem, the Rare Disease Bank (RDB) was established in 2009 at the National Institute of Biomedical Innovation (NIBIO; currently, the National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition in Japan)...
April 2, 2018: Human Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593137/-milk-daily-products-and-bone-health-milk-and-dairy-products-and-wasyoku-new-wasyoku
#19
Hiromi Ishida
"Wasyoku;the traditional diets of Japan" refers to foods generally consumed by Japanese people, which is in contrast with the Western diets introduced by Europeans and Americans. The basic Japanese dietary pattern consists of rice as a staple food combined with one soup and two side dishes in a meal, making it easier to achieve a balanced nutritional status. However, salt content tends to be high in "Wasyoku", which negatively affects the overall health of an individual. Recently, Japanese's salt intake has been slowly decreasing;however, a further reduction by approximately 2 g per day is required to prevent hypertension and cardiovascular diseases...
2018: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593131/-milk-daily-products-and-bone-health-effect-of-milks-and-daily-products-on-bone-health
#20
Megumi Kubota, Rikako Inoue
In Japan, nutrition education programs to prevent osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures have focused primarily on increasing dietary calcium intake and recommended the consumption of milk and dairy products. However, the effect of milk and dairy product consumption on bone density loss or fracture incidence in Japanese has rarely been evaluated in randomized controlled studies. In the present study, we reviewed the literature investigating the consumption of milk and dairy products in relation to bone density and fracture risk...
2018: Clinical Calcium
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