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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526274/dietary-patterns-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-middle-aged-adults-a%C3%A2-large-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Sangah Shin, Eiko Saito, Norie Sawada, Junko Ishihara, Ribeka Takachi, Akiko Nanri, Taichi Shimazu, Taiki Yamaji, Motoki Iwasaki, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A finding between dietary pattern and cancer may provide visions beyond the assessment of individual foods or nutrients. We examined the influence of dietary pattern with colorectal cancer (CRC) among a Japanese population. METHODS: A total of 93,062 subjects (43,591 men, 49,471 women) who participated in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study were followed from 1995-1998 to the end of 2012, during which 2482 cases of CRC (1514 men, 968 women) were newly identified...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516130/nutritional-status-and-body-composition-of-independently-living-older-adults-in-a-snowy-region-of-japan
#2
Tomoko Shimoda, Teppei Suzuki, Noriko Takahashi, Kaori Tsutsumi, Mina Samukawa, Shoko Yoshimachi, Teruaki Goto, Hisashi Enomoto, Nobuyuki Kise, Katsuhiko Ogasawara, Sadako Yoshimura
Lifestyle diseases, which are associated with nutrition, account for 30% of elderly requiring long-term care. To increase health expectancy among Japan's rapidly aging population, we investigated the nutritional status and body composition of elderly adults living in a region subject to heavy snowfall, to identify pertinent health indicators. The dietary habits of 288 local residents aged ≥50 years were analyzed using body composition and a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire. Body mass index of all residents was normal...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510512/field-trial-of-insect-resistant-and-herbicide-tolerant-genetically-modified-cotton-gossypium-hirsutum-l-for-environmental-risk-assessment-in-japan
#3
Yoko Asanuma, Takahiro Gondo, Genki Ishigaki, Koichi Inoue, Norihiro Zaita, Melody Muguerza, Ryo Akashi
Japan imports cottonseed mainly from Australia and the USA where more than 96% of all cotton varieties grown are genetically modified (GM). GM crops undergo an environmental risk assessment (ERA) under the Law Concerning the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biological Diversity before import into Japan. Potential adverse effects on biodiversity are comprehensively assessed based on competitiveness, production of harmful substances and outcrossing ability. Even though imported cottonseed is intended for food and feed uses and not for cultivation, the potential risks from seed spillage during transport must be evaluated...
April 3, 2017: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499379/diet-with-a-combination-of-high-protein-and-high-total-antioxidant-capacity-is-strongly-associated-with-low-prevalence-of-frailty-among-old-japanese-women-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#4
Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: The intake of protein and antioxidants has been inversely associated with frailty, individually. However, to our knowledge, no study has evaluated these associations in considering antioxidants or protein intakes as respective confounders. Further, the cooperative effect of dietary protein and antioxidants on frailty has not been investigated. Therefore, we examined the association of high protein and high dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) with frailty under the adjustment for dietary TAC or protein intake, respectively...
May 12, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497962/the-potential-of-polygonum-cuspidatum-root-as-an-antidiabetic-food-dual-high-resolution-%C3%AE-glucosidase-and-ptp1b-inhibition-profiling-combined-with-hplc-hrms-and-nmr-for-identification-of-antidiabetic-constituents
#5
Yong Zhao, Martin Xiaoyong Chen, Kenneth Thermann Kongstad, Anna K Jager, Dan Staerk
The Worldwide increasing incidence of type 2 diabetes has fuelled an intensified search for food and herbal remedies with preventive and/or therapeutic properties. Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. (Polygonaceae) is used as a functional food in Japan and South Korea, and it's also a well-known traditional antidiabetic herb used in China. In this study, dual high-resolution α-glucosidase and protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) inhibition profiling was used for identification of individual antidiabetic constituents directly from the crude ethyl acetate extract and fractions of P...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497919/accurate-determination-of-childhood-food-allergy-prevalence-and-correction-of-unnecessary-avoidance
#6
Yuki Okada, Takumi Yamashita, Hideki Kumagai, Yoshihiko Morikawa, Akira Akasawa
PURPOSE: Because the true prevalence of food allergy (FA), as based on the results of an oral food challenge test (OFC), is unknown, it is likely that children with suspected FA unnecessarily eliminate potentially causative foods. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of FA and to determine the proportion of children who unnecessarily eliminate food. METHODS: To identify children with FA, a primary survey was conducted via a questionnaire with all children aged 0-18 years in Niijima village (remote islands of Japan)...
July 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496987/effect-of-health-foods-on-cytochrome-p450-mediated-drug-metabolism
#7
Takamitsu Sasaki, Yu Sato, Takeshi Kumagai, Kouichi Yoshinari, Kiyoshi Nagata
BACKGROUND: Health foods have been widely sold and consumed in Japan. There has been an increase in reports of adverse effects in association with the expanding health food market. While health food-drug interactions are a particular concern from the viewpoint of safe and effective use of health foods, information regarding such interactions is limited owing to the lack of established methods to assess the effects of health food products on drug metabolism. We therefore developed cells that mimicked the activities of cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2), CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4, which strongly contribute to drug metabolism in human hepatocytes, and established a system to assess the inhibitory activity of health foods toward P450-mediated metabolism...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487949/identification-of-the-biologically-active-constituents-of-camellia-japonica-leaf-and-anti-hyperuricemic-effect-in%C3%A2-vitro-and%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-vivo
#8
In-Soo Yoon, Dae-Hun Park, Jung-Eun Kim, Jin-Cheol Yoo, Min-Suk Bae, Deuk-Sil Oh, Jung-Hyun Shim, Chul-Yung Choi, Ki-Wan An, Eun-Il Kim, Gye-Yeop Kim, Seung-Sik Cho
Camellia japonica L. is a plant of which the seeds are used as a folk medicine, and it is native to South Korea, Japan and China. In previous study, triterpenes, flavonoids, tannins and fatty acids which have antiviral, antioxidant and anti inflammatory activity were reported from C. japonica leaf and flower. In Korea, the seed from this plant is used as a traditional medicine and in folk remedies for the treatment of bleeding and inflammation. However, the major issue associated with the use of the seed as a medicinal and/or functional food ingredient is its application to the pharmaceutical and food industry...
June 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487840/medical-certification-reduces-the-number-of-children-requiring-allergen-elimination-diets-for-school-lunches
#9
Seigo Korematsu, Kenji Toyokuni, Yousuke Handa, Chika Gotoh, Rieko Wasada, Rie Kato, Nanae Kawano, Mayo Ikeuchi, Tomoko Okamoto, Maki Kiriya, Mizuho Takahashi, Tomoyuki Takano, Atsuhiko Haigo
BACKGROUND: Following the increase in the number of children with food allergies, support systems are now required for school lunches, but a large-scale factual investigation has not been carried out. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the features of elimination diet due to food allergy and the support system in kindergartens and schools. METHODS: A prefecture-based questionnaire survey regarding measures for food allergies in school lunches of all kindergartens, public elementary schools, and public junior high schools (631 facilities) was conducted in Oita Prefecture, Japan...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484138/status-of-food-with-function-claims-internet-survey-on-consumers-physicians-and-pharmacists-a-year-later
#10
Tsuyoshi Chiba, Yoko Sato, Etsuko Kobayashi, Keizo Umegaki
"Food with Function Claims" was established on April 1(st) 2015. In the present study, we conducted internet surveillance to examine recognition of "Food with Function Claims" among consumers (n=2,060), physicians (n=515), and pharmacists (n=515). The ratio of recognition of "Food with Function Claims" was 81% among consumers, 93% among physicians, and 98% among pharmacists. However, only 16% of consumers, 23% of physicians, and 44% of pharmacists correctly understood the characteristics of "Food with Function Claims"...
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484137/identification-of-datura-species-involved-in-a-food-poisoning-case-using-lc-ms-ms-and-dna-barcording
#11
Atsuko Ushiyama, Chie Akaboshi, Nobuhiko Ohsawa, Tomomi Shimizu, Yuki Matsushima, Hideaki Shimizu, Shigeki Hashiguchi
A food-poisoning case due to eating the roots of Datura occurred in Kawasaki City, Japan in 2014. The Datura plant was mistakenly collected instead of burdock in a domestic garden. The roots of these plants are quite similar to each other. We presumed that the specimen was the root of Datura, but it was difficult to classify it only from the morphology. Using LC-MS/MS, we detected atropine and scopolamine from the remaining plant specimen. Therefore, we applied the DNA barcoding method. The results showed that the specimen was classified into Solanaceae family, but not Asteraceae family...
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484133/sources-of-information-about-health-foods-among-elderly-people-comparison-of-internet-and-paper-survey-results
#12
Etsuko Kobayashi, Yoko Sato, Keizo Umegaki, Tsuyoshi Chiba
The prevalence of health foods is increasing in Japan, especially among elderly people. The internet is widely used as an information source, but it is not clear whether elderly people get information about health foods via the internet or not. To clarify this issue, we conducted two questionnaire surveys; one on a website (internet survey) and one in the local community (paper survey). The internet survey showed that a lot of elderly people use the internet to get information and also to purchase health foods...
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482277/serum-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-risk-of-psychiatric-disorder-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Akihiro Yamashita, Hiroko Noguchi, Kei Hamazaki, Yasuhiro Sato, Tomomi Narisawa, Yuzuru Kawashima, Masato Usuki, Daisuke Nishi, Haruo Yoshimasu, Naoshi Horikawa, Yutaka J Matsuoka
BACKGROUND: Around 20% of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) develop depression. Furthermore, some observational studies revealed baseline polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may affect the prognosis of depression after ACS. This prospective cohort study examined the association between psychiatric disorder and PUFAs after ACS. METHODS: Subjects were ACS patients admitted to a Tokyo teaching hospital. Psychiatric morbidity as a primary endpoint was measured using structured interview 3 months after admission...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479533/-sensors-for-measuring-taste-and-smell
#14
Kiyoshi Toko
Gustatory and olfactory senses receive chemical substances at the biological membranes of taste and olfactory cells, respectively. The present review article describes electronic tongue (taste sensor) and electronic nose (odor sensor) developed based on biomimetic technology. A taste sensor is now commercially sold and utilized in pharmaceutical and food companies across the world. An electronic nose with high sensitivity was also commercialized in Japan. These sensors provide novel methods for analyzing chemical substances instead of using conventional tools...
May 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473057/quality-of-systematic-reviews-of-the-foods-with-function-claims-registered-at-the-consumer-affairs-agency-web-site-in-japan-a-prospective-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Hiroharu Kamioka, Kiichiro Tsutani, Hideki Origasa, Takahiro Yoshizaki, Jun Kitayuguchi, Mikiko Shimada, Wentao Tang, Hiromi Takano-Ohmuro
The objective of this review was to assess the quality of systematic reviews (SRs) based on the Foods with Function Claims (FFC) registered at the Consumer Affairs Agency (CAA) Web site in Japan by AMSTAR checklist. Study design was a prospective SR of SRs based on the FFC registered at the CAA Web site in Japan. We searched the database from 1 April 2015 (starting date) through 27 October 2015 on the CAA Web site. A full quality appraisal of identified articles was made using the combined tool based on the AMSTAR checklist developed to assess the methodological quality of SRs...
April 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465670/review-of-major-sweetpotato-pests-in-japan-with-information-on-resistance-breeding-programs
#16
REVIEW
Yoshihiro Okada, Akira Kobayashi, Hiroaki Tabuchi, Toshikazu Kuranouchi
Sweetpotato (Ipomoeae batatas (L.) Lam.) is an important food crop affected by several pests throughout the world, especially in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Although Japan is relatively free from many serious sweetpotato pests, some pests, especially soil-borne pathogens, viruses, and insects such as plant-parasitic nematodes and weevils, cause severe damage in Japan. In this review, we describe the current status and management options for sweetpotato pests and diseases in Japan and review research related to sweetpotato breeding that can promote resistance to these problems...
January 2017: Breeding Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465663/recent-progress-in-sweetpotato-breeding-and-cultivars-for-diverse-applications-in-japan
#17
REVIEW
Kenji Katayama, Akira Kobayashi, Tetsufumi Sakai, Toshikazu Kuranouchi, Yumi Kai
Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) is an outcrossing hexaploid that is cultivated in the tropics and warm-temperate regions of the world. Sweetpotato has played an important role as a famine-relief crop during its long history and has recently been reevaluated as a health-promoting food. In Japan, sweetpotato is used for a wide range of applications, such as table use, processed foods, and alcohol and starch production, and two groups at National Agriculture Research Organization (NARO) undertake the breeding of cultivars for these applications...
January 2017: Breeding Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461822/ige-mediated-food-allergies-in-children-prevalence-triggers-and-management
#18
REVIEW
Sooyoung Lee
Food allergy (FA) is a serious health problem, and severe FA such as food-induced anaphylaxis can often be life threatening. The incidence of FA has been increasing especially in children. They usually develop early in life and affect up to 10% of children. The 2 most common food allergens worldwide are milk and eggs, while the third one varies depending on the countries: peanuts in the United States and Switzerland, wheat in Germany and Japan, tree nuts in Spain, sesame in Israel, and walnuts in Korea. These common food allergens are different and difficult to identify because of differing study methodologies, population, geography, age, and dietary exposure patterns...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458293/construction-of-the-database-of-rat-repeated-dose-toxicity-tests-of-pesticides-for-the-toxicological-characterization-of-hepatocyte-hypertrophy
#19
Akane Masuda, Miyabi Masuda, Takuya Kawano, Yoko Kitsunai, Haruka Nakayama, Hiroyuki Nakajima, Hiroyuki Kojima, Shigeyuki Kitamura, Naoto Uramaru, Takuomi Hosaka, Takamitsu Sasaki, Kouichi Yoshinari
 Liver and hepatocyte hypertrophy can be induced by exposure to chemical compounds, but the mechanisms and toxicological characteristics of these phenomena have not yet been investigated extensively. In particular, it remains unclear whether the hepatocyte hypertrophy induced by chemical compounds should be judged as an adaptive response or an adverse effect. Thus, understanding of the toxicological characteristics of hepatocyte hypertrophy is of great importance to the safety evaluation of pesticides and other chemical compounds...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458289/application-of-natural-ingredients-to-preventive-medicine
#20
Junko Yokota
 The super-aging society in Japan is currently experiencing growing demand for treatments that improve health and longevity. To develop new high-functional foods and search for pharmaceutical candidates among foods and natural products, it is necessary to promote organic collaboration among researchers in pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, and other fields to encourage joint utilization of their technologies. Recently, attempts have been made to use numerous foods and natural products to prevent or treat diseases based on scientific evidence...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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