Read by QxMD icon Read

Japan and food

Giuseppa Di Bella, Imen Haddaoui, Vincenzo Lo Turco, Angela Giorgia Potortì, Maria Rita Fede, Giacomo Dugo
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of beans as food, few works are conducted to control their contamination by Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), compounds of highly importance because of their toxicity and tendency to accumulate in food chains. In order to evaluate the human exposure to POPs by beans consumption a monitoring program was conducted on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) residues in samples coming from Italy, Mexico, India, Japan, Ghana and Ivory Coast...
October 13, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Kenzo Yonemitsu, Yutaka Terada, Ryusei Kuwata, Dung Nguyen, Nobuyuki Shiranaga, Satomi Tono, Tomoka Matsukane, Mayumi Yokoyama, Kazuo Suzuki, Hiroshi Shimoda, Ai Takano, Masahiko Muto, Ken Maeda
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the causative agent of hepatitis E, a food- and water-borne disease. In developed countries, consumption of meats from pigs, wild boars and deer is a major source of infection. Although HEV and HEV-related viruses have been detected in many animal species, their zoonotic potential and prevalence has not been completely understood. To detect anti-HEV antibody in mammalian species, a simple enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was established using extract from cells expressing HEV capsid protein and protein A/G as an antigen and a reagent for detection of antibody...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Virological Methods
Yoshiro Ishimaru, Chisayo Kozuka, Kenichiro Nakajima, Tsutomu Sasaki
At the 93rd annual meeting of the Physiological Society of Japan, a symposium entitled "Expanding frontiers in weight-control research explored by young investigators" was organized. The latest research on weight control was presented by young up-and-coming investigators. The symposium consisted of the following presentations: Gastrointestinal brush cells, immunity, and energy homeostasis; Impact of a brown rice-derived bioactive product on feeding regulation and fuel metabolism; A novel G protein-coupled receptor-regulated neuronal signaling pathway triggers sustained orexigenic effects; and NMDA receptor co-agonist D-serine regulates food preference...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
Kumiko Ninomiya
 Umami is a basic tastes, along with sweet, salty, bitter and sour, which is imparted by glutamate, one of the free amino acids in foods. Since its discovery of umami by a Japanese scientist in 1908, umami is now perceived globally a basic taste. Recent collaboration among chefs and researchers on traditional soup stocks showed a difference in taste profiles of Japanese soup stock 'dashi' and Western style soup stock. The free amino acids profile's in dashi and soup stock showed how Japanese have traditionally adopted a simple umami taste...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Tateo Fujii, Daisuke Kyoui, Hajime Takahashi, Takashi Kuda, Bon Kimura, Yukio Washizu, Eiji Emoto, Tadahiro Hiramoto
Kusaya is a salted, dried fish product traditionally produced on the Izu Islands in Japan. Fish are added to kusaya gravy repeatedly and intermittently, and used over several hundred years, which makes unique microbiota and unique flavors. In this study, we performed a metagenomic analysis to compare the composition of the microbiota of kusaya gravy between different islands. Twenty samples obtained from a total of 13 manufacturers on three islands (Hachijojima, Niijima, and Oshima Islands) were analyzed. The statistical analysis revealed that the microbiota in kusaya gravy maintain a stable composition regardless of the production steps, and that the microbiota are characteristic to the particular islands...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Haruo Nakatsuka, Keiko Chiba, Takao Watanabe, Hideyuki Sawatari, Takako Seki
OBJECTIVES: Iodine intake by adults in farming districts in Northeastern Japan was evaluated by two methods: (1) government-approved food composition tables based calculation and (2) instrumental measurement. The correlation between these two values and a regression model for the calibration of calculated values was presented. METHODS: Iodine intake was calculated, using the values in the Japan Standard Tables of Food Composition (FCT), through the analysis of duplicate samples of complete 24-h food consumption for 90 adult subjects...
October 8, 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Kazutaka Takeshita, Takashi Ikeda, Hiroshi Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Yoshida, Hiromasa Igota, Yukiko Matsuura, Koichi Kaji
Assessing temporal changes in abundance indices is an important issue in the management of large herbivore populations. The drive counts method has been frequently used as a deer abundance index in mountainous regions. However, despite an inherent risk for observation errors in drive counts, which increase with deer density, evaluations of the utility of drive counts at a high deer density remain scarce. We compared the drive counts and mark-resight (MR) methods in the evaluation of a highly dense sika deer population (MR estimates ranged between 11 and 53 individuals/km2) on Nakanoshima Island, Hokkaido, Japan, between 1999 and 2006...
2016: PloS One
Kaoru Seike, Michiko Nakazato, Hisashi Hanazawa, Toshiyuki Ohtani, Tomihisa Niitsu, Shin-Ichi Ishikawa, Atsuko Ayabe, Ryoko Otani, Kentaro Kawabe, Fumie Horiuchi, Shizuo Takamiya, Ryoichi Sakuta
BACKGROUND: The lowering of the age of onset and chronicity have been key problems related to eating disorders (EDs). As the proportion of teens in the estimated onset ages has increased, it has become important to detect students with EDs and to clarify how they can be supported. Though epidemiological surveys of Yogo teachers (school nurse/health science teachers) have been conducted to inquire about the number of such students, none of these were done according to ED type based on DSM-5...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Yuki Doi, Noboru Takizawa
Here, we report the complete genome sequence of Enterococcus faecalis strain W11 isolated from an algal food product in Japan. This study should facilitate the identification of a novel mechanism of glycerol metabolic control in lactic acid bacteria.
September 29, 2016: Genome Announcements
Kazuki Iwaoka
After the TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, the current limits in Japan on the radionuclide contamination of food [100 Bq kg for general foods, 50 Bq kg for milk and infant foods, and 10 Bq kg for drinking water as radioactive cesium (Cs + Cs)] were established on the basis of an effective dose of 1 mSv y, consistent with international standards to mitigate the exposure of the general public to radiation. Measures that include recalling or restriction of food have been taken in cases when these limits were violated...
November 2016: Health Physics
Eunhi Lee
This article investigates the historical background and distinctive characteristics of the Korean food hygiene policy during the 1960s. The 3 main findings of this study are as follows. First, Food Sanitation Law in the 1960s was established too hastily and thus mistakenly accommodated two discordant laws as American style law and empire of Japan style law. The legislation of Food Sanitation Law was progressed too quickly for the justification purpose of 5·16 military coup, as one of reorganization tasks of the Korean legal structure established under Japanese imperialism, Second, a division in charge of food hygiene in the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs was newly installed in 1967, as an outcome reflecting a variety of social demand, at least, minimally...
August 2016: Ŭi Sahak
J Dong, X Xiao, G Zhang, M A Menarguez, C Y Choi, Y Qin, P Luo, Y Zhang, B Moore
Paddy rice in monsoon Asia plays an important role in global food security and climate change. Here we documented annual dynamics of paddy rice areas in the northern frontier of Asia, including Northeastern (NE) China, North Korea, South Korea, and Japan, from 2000-2014 through analysis of satellite images. The paddy rice area has increased by 120% (2.5 to 5.5 million ha) in NE China, in comparison to a decrease in South Korea and Japan, and the paddy rice centroid shifted northward from 41.16 °N to 43.70 °N (~310 km) in this period...
April 28, 2016: Geophysical Research Letters
Chizuko Maruyama, Rena Nakano, Mitsuha Shima, Asumi Mae, Yuri Shijo, Eri Nakamura, Yuuna Okabe, Sunmi Park, Noriko Kameyama, Satomi Hirai, Mamoru Nakanishi, Kagehiro Uchida, Hiroshi Nishiyama
AIM: We conducted a pilot study to clarify the effects of the Japan Diet nutritional education program on metabolic risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in middle-aged men who were brought up in the westernized dietary environment of modern Japan. METHODS: Thirty-three men, 30-49 years of age, attended a nutrition education class to learn food items and recommended volumes comprising the Japan Diet (more fish, soybeans and soy products, vegetables, seaweed, mushrooms and unrefined cereals, and less animal fat, meat and poultry with fat, sweets, desserts and snacks, and alcoholic drinks), and were encouraged to consume the Japan Diet for 6 weeks...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Osamu Yamada, Masayuki Machida, Akira Hosoyama, Masatoshi Goto, Toru Takahashi, Taiki Futagami, Youhei Yamagata, Michio Takeuchi, Tetsuo Kobayashi, Hideaki Koike, Keietsu Abe, Kiyoshi Asai, Masanori Arita, Nobuyuki Fujita, Kazuro Fukuda, Ken-Ichi Higa, Hiroshi Horikawa, Takeaki Ishikawa, Koji Jinno, Yumiko Kato, Kohtaro Kirimura, Osamu Mizutani, Kaoru Nakasone, Motoaki Sano, Yohei Shiraishi, Masatoshi Tsukahara, Katsuya Gomi
Awamori is a traditional distilled beverage made from steamed Thai-Indica rice in Okinawa, Japan. For brewing the liquor, two microbes, local kuro (black) koji mold Aspergillus luchuensis and awamori yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are involved. In contrast, that yeasts are used for ethanol fermentation throughout the world, a characteristic of Japanese fermentation industries is the use of Aspergillus molds as a source of enzymes for the maceration and saccharification of raw materials. Here we report the draft genome of a kuro (black) koji mold, A...
September 20, 2016: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
T Lazo
Between September 2011 and August 2015, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) organised a series of 12 stakeholder dialogue workshops with residents of Fukushima Prefecture. Discussions focused on recovery, addressing topics such as protection of children, management of contaminated food, monitoring, and self-help measures. The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) supported, and the Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) Secretariat attended, all 12 meetings to listen directly to the concerns of affected individuals and draw lessons for CRPPH...
September 20, 2016: Annals of the ICRP
Seiichiro Yamamoto, Takao Hinoi, Hiroaki Niitsu, Masazumi Okajima, Yoshihito Ide, Kohei Murata, Shintaro Akamoto, Akiyoshi Kanazawa, Masayoshi Nakanishi, Takeshi Naitoh, Eiji Kanehira, Tsukasa Shimamura, Ichio Suzuka, Yosuke Fukunaga, Takashi Yamaguchi, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to examine the technical and oncological feasibility of laparoscopic surgery (LAP) in elderly patients with a history of abdominal surgery. METHODS: We conducted a propensity score-matched case-control study of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients aged ≥80 years that were treated at 41 hospitals between 2003 and 2007. We included 601 patients who had a history of abdominal surgery and underwent curative and elective surgery for stage 0 to III CRC...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
Ayako Yoshida, Kayoko Matsuo, Junji Moribe, Ryusei Tanaka, Taisei Kikuchi, Eiji Nagayasu, Naoaki Misawa, Haruhiko Maruyama
Paragonimiasis is a typical food-borne parasitic disease, endemic in most parts of Asia, with sporadic case reports from American and African countries. The major source of infection is undercooked freshwater crab or crayfish, though consumption of wild boar meat is also responsible for the infection in Japan, because wild boar is a paratenic host for Paragonimus westermani. Recently, living juveniles of P. westermani were isolated from muscle of a sika deer, Cervus nippon, in Japan, raising the possibility that venison has been another source of infection...
December 2016: Parasitology International
Masaki Fujita, Shinji Yamasaki, Chiaki Katagiri, Itsuro Oshiro, Katsuhiro Sano, Taiji Kurozumi, Hiroshi Sugawara, Dai Kunikita, Hiroyuki Matsuzaki, Akihiro Kano, Tomoyo Okumura, Tomomi Sone, Hikaru Fujita, Satoshi Kobayashi, Toru Naruse, Megumi Kondo, Shuji Matsu'ura, Gen Suwa, Yousuke Kaifu
Maritime adaptation was one of the essential factors that enabled modern humans to disperse all over the world. However, geographic distribution of early maritime technology during the Late Pleistocene remains unclear. At this time, the Indonesian Archipelago and eastern New Guinea stand as the sole, well-recognized area for secure Pleistocene evidence of repeated ocean crossings and advanced fishing technology. The incomplete archeological records also make it difficult to know whether modern humans could sustain their life on a resource-poor, small oceanic island for extended periods with Paleolithic technology...
October 4, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Mitsuaki Kimura, Masaki Shimomura, Hideaki Morishita, Takaaki Meguro, Shiro Seto
BACKGROUND: Many Japanese infants with food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) show eosinophilia, which has been thought to be a characteristic of food protein-induced proctocolitis (FPIP). METHODS: To elucidate the characteristics of eosinophilia in Japanese FPIES patients, 113 infants with non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food allergy due to cow's milk were enrolled and classified into FPIES (n = 94) and FPIP (n = 19). RESULTS: The percentage of peripheral blood eosinophils (Eo) was increased in most FPIES patients (median, 7...
September 10, 2016: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
Soichiro Kusaka, Eriko Ishimaru, Fujio Hyodo, Takashi Gakuhari, Minoru Yoneda, Takakazu Yumoto, Ichiro Tayasu
The globalization of food production and distribution has homogenized human dietary patterns irrespective of geography, but it is uncertain how far this homogenization has progressed. This study investigated the carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios in the scalp hair of 1305 contemporary Japanese and found values of -19.4 ± 0.6‰ and 9.4 ± 0.6‰ (mean ± SD), respectively. Within Japan, the inter-regional differences for both isotope ratios was less than 1‰, which indicates low dietary heterogeneity among prefectural divisions...
2016: Scientific Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"