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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432705/prognosis-of-infantile-food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome-in-japan
#1
Mitsuaki Kimura, Masaki Shimomura, Hideaki Morishita, Takaaki Meguro
BACKGROUND: Although the serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level and the percentage of eosinophils in peripheral blood (Eo) are increased at onset in infants with food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), the relationship of these laboratory findings with the prognosis is presently unknown. METHODS: Correlations of the serum CRP levels and Eo at onset with the prognosis was analyzed in 32 patients with FPIES caused by cow's milk (CM). RESULTS: The rate of tolerance acquisition was 18...
April 22, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429921/relationship-between-dietary-patterns-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-among-middle-aged-adults-in-japan
#2
Shota Moyama, Kazuhiro Minami, Mihiro Yano, Masumi Okumura, Susumu Hayashi, Hiroshi Takayama, Akira Yorimoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and it is considered to be affected by dietary intake. However, few studies have examined the relationship between major dietary patterns and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) among Japanese middle-aged subjects. We studied whether major dietary patterns were associated with baPWV in this population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Between 2009 and 2012, 70 Japanese middle-aged subjects (39 men and 31 women) with no history of stroke, coronary heart disease, or cancer were studied...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429170/comparison-of-energy-balance-between-two-different-sized-groups-of-japanese-macaques-macaca-fuscata-yakui
#3
Yosuke Kurihara, Goro Hanya
Quantifying the energy balance is essential for testing socio-ecological models. To reveal costs and benefits of group living in Japanese macaques from the perspective of feeding competition, Kurihara and Hanya (Am J Primatol 77:986-1000, 2015) previously compared feeding behavior between two different-sized groups of macaques (larger group 30-35 individuals; smaller group 13-15 individuals) in the coastal forest of Yakushima, Japan. The results suggested that the larger group exhibited greater feeding effort because of intragroup scramble competition and that the smaller group suffered from higher travel costs, possibly owing to intergroup contest competition...
April 20, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427784/prehospital-removal-improves-neurological-outcomes-in-elderly-patient-with-foreign-body-airway-obstruction
#4
Yutaka Igarashi, Shoji Yokobori, Yudai Yoshino, Tomohiko Masuno, Masato Miyauchi, Hiroyuki Yokota
OBJECTIVE: In Japan, the number of patients with foreign body airway obstruction by food is rapidly increasing with the increase in the population of the elderly and a leading cause of unexpected death. This study aimed to determine the factors that influence prognosis of these patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective single institutional study. A total of 155 patients were included. We collected the variables from the medical records and analyzed them to determine the factors associated with patient outcome...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425110/neural-tube-defects-risk-factors-and-preventive-measures
#5
REVIEW
Atsuo Kondo, Takuya Matsuo, Nobuhito Morota, Atsuya S Kondo, Ikuyo Okai, Hiromi Fukuda
For the last 25 years, it has been proven that the occurrence or recurrence of neural tube defects can be prevented with the administration of folic acid before and early pregnancy. At present, over 80 countries in the world, except Japan, have mandated the fortification of wheat flour and/or rice with folic acid, which has resulted in a significant reduction in the prevalence of neural tube defects. In 2000, the Japanese government recommended folic acid 400 µg daily for young women of childbearing age and women who are planning to conceive...
April 19, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421120/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies-on-quercus-acuta-thunb-fagaceae-extract-active-constituents-serum-uric-acid-suppression-and-xanthine-oxidase-inhibitory-activity
#6
In-Soo Yoon, Dae-Hun Park, Min-Suk Bae, Deuk-Sil Oh, Nan-Hui Kwon, Jung-Eun Kim, Chul-Yung Choi, Seung-Sik Cho
Quercus acuta Thunb. (Fagaceae) (QA) is cultivated as a dietary and ornamental plant in China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. It has been widely used as the main ingredient of acorn tofu, a traditional food in China and South Korea. The aim of this study was to determine in vitro and in vivo xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory and antihyperuricemic activities of an ethyl acetate extract of QA leaf (QALE) and identify its active phytochemicals using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography (LC) systems...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413872/favorable-effect-on-blood-volume-control-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-after-switching-from-insulin-therapy-to-liraglutide-a-human-glucagon-like-peptide-1-analog-results-from-a-pilot-study-in-japan
#7
Masumi Kondo, Masao Toyoda, Moritsugu Kimura, Naoto Ishida, Masafumi Fukagawa
OBJECTIVE: Hemodialysis patients are advised to limit the intake of foods in order to control volume status and body weight (BW). We report the clinical course of five Japanese hemodialysis patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who were switched from insulin to liraglutide, and the efficacy of the treatment, especially in terms of changes in interdialysis weight gain (IDWG). METHODS: This retrospective pilot study included 5 Japanese hemodialysis patients with T2DM...
April 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397597/a-comparison-of-visual-and-genetic-techniques-for-identifying-japanese-marten-scats-enabling-diet-examination-in-relation-to-seasonal-food-availability-in-a-sub-alpine-area-of-japan
#8
Masumi Hisano, Lisa Hoshino, Shouko Kamada, Ryuichi Masuda, Chris Newman, Yayoi Kaneko
We compared the reliability of visual diagnostic criteria to DNA diagnostic techniques, including newly designed primers, to discriminate Japanese marten (Martes melampus) feces from those of other sympatric carnivore species. Visual criteria proved > 95% reliable for fresh, odoriferous scats in good condition. Based upon this verification, we then examined if and how Japanese marten diet differs among seasons at high elevation study site (1500-2026 m). We also considered how intra-specific competition with the Japanese red fox (Vulpes vulpes japonica) may shape marten feeding ecology...
April 2017: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394636/hazardous-properties-and-toxicological-update-of-mercury-from-fish-food-to-human-health-safety-perspective
#9
Charles Odilichukwu R Okpala, Giacomo Sardo, Sergio Vitale, Gioacchino Bono, Augustine Arukwe
The mercury (Hg) poisoning of Minamata Bay of Japan widely activated a global attention to Hg toxicity and its potential consequences to the aquatic ecosystem and human health. This has resulted to an increased need for a dynamic assembly, contextualization and quantification of both the current state-of-the-art and approaches for understanding the cause-and effect relationships of Hg exposure. Thus, the objective of this present review is to provide both hazardous-, toxic properties and toxicological update of Hg, focusing on how it ultimately affects the aquatic biota to potentially produce human health effects...
April 10, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393489/grouped-factors-of-the-ssade-signs-and-symptoms-accompanying-dementia-while-eating-and-nutritional-status-an-analysis-of-older-people-receiving-nutritional-care-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-japan
#10
Kento Takada, Kazumi Tanaka, Mihoko Hasegawa, Michiko Sugiyama, Nobuo Yoshiike
BACKGROUND: Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are very common among older people, and previous studies showed that BPSD affects eating behaviour negatively, possibly resulting in undernutrition. In a previous study, we constructed a set of 11 items based on direct observations of older people with dementia during mealtime and named them 'SSADE: signs and symptoms accompanying dementia while eating'. AIMS: This study aimed to conduct a factor analysis to clarify the structure of the set of 11 SSADE items and to analyse the relationship of the SSADE with nutritional status...
April 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387380/a-staged-screening-of-registered-drugs-highlights-remyelinating-drug-candidates-for-clinical-trials
#11
C Eleuteri, S Olla, C Veroni, R Umeton, R Mechelli, S Romano, M C Buscarinu, F Ferrari, G Calò, G Ristori, M Salvetti, C Agresti
There is no treatment for the myelin loss in multiple sclerosis, ultimately resulting in the axonal degeneration that leads to the progressive phase of the disease. We established a multi-tiered platform for the sequential screening of drugs that could be repurposed as remyelinating agents. We screened a library of 2,000 compounds (mainly Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved compounds and natural products) for cellular metabolic activity on mouse oligodendrocyte precursors (OPC), identifying 42 molecules with significant stimulating effects...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382704/hepatitis-e-the-current-state-of-play
#12
REVIEW
M J Ankcorn, R S Tedder
The hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of acute hepatitis globally. Genotypes 1 and 2 (G1 and G2) are obligate human pathogens transmitted faeco-orally, leading to epidemics in developing countries. In contrast, genotypes 3 and 4 (G3 and G4) have a wider host range, including humans, but are primarily porcine viruses and are transmitted from animals to humans as a food-borne zoonosis when meat from an infected animal is consumed. HEV is increasingly recognised as a problem in developed countries, including countries in Europe...
April 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381528/cruciferous-vegetable-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-lung-cancer-risk-among-current-nonsmoking-men-in-the-japan-public-health-center-study
#13
Nagisa Mori, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Miho Nozue, Michihiro Mutoh, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Manami Inoue, Ribeka Takachi, Ayaka Sunami, Junko Ishihara, Tomotaka Sobue, Shoichiro Tsugane
Background: Cruciferous vegetables, a rich source of isothiocyanates, have been reported to lower the risk of several types of cancer, including lung cancer. However, evidence from prospective observations of populations with a relatively high intake of cruciferous vegetables is sparse.Objective: We investigated the association between cruciferous vegetable intake and lung cancer risk in a large-scale population-based prospective study in Japan.Methods: We studied 82,330 participants (38,663 men; 43,667 women) aged 45-74 y without a past history of cancer...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374639/pesticide-residues-in-orange-fruit-from-citrus-orchards-in-nuevo-leon-state-mexico
#14
A Suárez-Jacobo, V M Alcantar-Rosales, D Alonso, M E Heras-Ramírez, D Elizarragaz-De La Rosa, O Y Lugo-Melchor, O Gaspar-Ramirez
Some international organizations established Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) in food to protect human health. Mexico lacks regulations in this matter, affecting national and international trade from agroindustry. The aim of this study was to diagnose pesticide residues in oranges from Nuevo Leon, México, in citrus orchards. In May 2014, 100 orange fruit samples were taken randomly from orchards and subjected to analysis for 93 pesticides at residual level by GC/QQQ-MS and LCQ-TOF-MS. Results showed presence of 15 pesticide residues in the samples...
April 4, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367929/the-necessary-items-for-inclusion-in-a-questionnaire-for-assessing-the-nutrition-knowledge-of-young-japanese-children
#15
Mai Matsumoto, Shinji Ikemoto
It is well known nutrition education for 3- to 5-y-old children is important, and it is necessary to assess their nutrition knowledge before and after nutrition education to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational program. This study aimed to determine the necessary questions for inclusion in a questionnaire designed to assess the nutrition knowledge of young Japanese children in order to assess the effectiveness of the Shokuiku nutrition education program. Eighty and 124 children from 9 nursery schools in Japan participated in the intervention and control groups, respectively...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367884/prevalence-of-diarrheagenic-escherichia-coli-in-foods-and-fecal-specimens-obtained-from-cattle-pigs-chickens-asymptomatic-carriers-and-patients-in-osaka-and-hyogo-japan
#16
Lili Wang, Shaobo Zhang, Dongming Zheng, Sami Fujihara, Akiyo Wakabayashi, Kazuyuki Okahata, Masakazu Suzuki, Atsunori Saeki, Hiromi Nakamura, Yukiko Hara-Kudo, Eriko Kage-Nakadai, Yoshikazu Nishikawa
The source and routes of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) remain poorly clarified. To investigate the involvement of domestic animals in the dissemination of DEC, the prevalence of DEC among foods and fecal specimens of cattle, pigs, chickens, healthy carriers, and patients in Osaka and Hyogo, Japan, was investigated using a multiplex real-time PCR assay. The most prevalent virulence genes were astA and eae, with prevalences of 46.8% and 27.4%, respectively. stx1 (26.6%) and stx2 (45.9%) were prevalent in cattle feces, and est (8...
March 28, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365447/suvorexant-for-the-treatment-of-primary-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Akira Kuriyama, Hiromitsu Tabata
Suvorexant is a dual orexin receptor agonist and is currently approved for the treatment of insomnia in the United States and Japan. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of suvorexant for the treatment of primary insomnia. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials, contacted a relevant pharmaceutical company, and accessed websites of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) for published and unpublished data...
October 28, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363643/genetic-features-of-aflatoxin-associated-hepatocellular-carcinomas
#18
Weilong Zhang, Huan He, Mengya Zang, Qifeng Wu, Hong Zhao, Ling-Ling Lu, Peiqing Ma, Hongwei Zheng, Nengjin Wang, Ying Zhang, Siyuan He, Xiaoyan Chen, Zhiyuan Wu, Xiaoyue Wang, Jianqiang Cai, Zhihua Liu, Zongtang Sun, Yi-Xin Zeng, Chunfeng Qu, Yuchen Jiao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary exposure to aflatoxin is an important risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, little is known about the genomic features and mutations of aflatoxin-associated HCCs compared with HCCs not associated with aflatoxin exposure. We investigated the genetic features of aflatoxin-associated HCC that can be used to differentiate them from HCCs not associated with this carcinogen. METHODS: We obtained HCC tumor tissues and matched non-tumor liver tissues from 49 patients, collected from 1990 through 2016, at the Qidong Liver Cancer Hospital Institute in China-a high-risk region for aflatoxin exposure (38...
March 28, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358272/evaluation-of-rapid-post-mortem-test-kits-for-bovine-spongiform-encephalopathy-bse-screening-in-japan-their-analytical-sensitivity-to-atypical-bse-prions
#19
Ken'ichi Hagiwara, Yoshifumi Iwamaru, Naoko Tabeta, Takashi Yokoyama, Minoru Tobiume
A classical type of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (C-BSE), recognized in 1987, had a large impact on public health due to its zoonotic link to variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease by the human consumption of dietary products contaminated with the C-BSE prion. Thus, a number of countries implemented BSE surveillance using rapid post-mortem test kits that were approved for detection of the C-BSE prion in the cattle brain. However, as atypical BSE (L- and H-BSE) cases emerged in subsequent years, the efficacy of the kits for the detection of atypical BSE prions became a matter of concern...
March 4, 2017: Prion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355249/barley-hordeum-vulgare-in-the-okhotsk-culture-5th-10th-century-ad-of-northern-japan-and-the-role-of-cultivated-plants-in-hunter-gatherer-economies
#20
Christian Leipe, Elena A Sergusheva, Stefanie Müller, Robert N Spengler, Tomasz Goslar, Hirofumi Kato, Mayke Wagner, Andrzej W Weber, Pavel E Tarasov
This paper discusses archaeobotanical remains of naked barley recovered from the Okhotsk cultural layers of the Hamanaka 2 archaeological site on Rebun Island, northern Japan. Calibrated ages (68% confidence interval) of the directly dated barley remains suggest that the crop was used at the site ca. 440-890 cal yr AD. Together with the finds from the Oumu site (north-eastern Hokkaido Island), the recovered seed assemblage marks the oldest well-documented evidence for the use of barley in the Hokkaido Region...
2017: PloS One
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