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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349051/anisakiasis-involving-the-oral-mucosa
#1
Sang Kyu Choi, Cheol Keun Kim, Soon Heum Kim, Dong In Jo
Anisakis is a parasite with life cycles involving fish and marine mammals. Human infection, anisakiasis, occurs with the ingestion of raw infected seafood and usually presents with acute or chronic gastrointestinal symptoms from esophageal or gastric invasion. We report a rare caseinvolving the oral cavity. A 39-year-old male presented with oral and sub-sternal pain of one day duration after eating raw cuttlefish. Physical examination revealed areas of erythema and edema with a central white foreign particle on the labial and buccal mucosa...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342873/association-between-the-frequency-of-protein-rich-food-intakes-and-kihon-checklist-frailty-indices-in-older-japanese-adults-the-kyoto-kameoka-study
#2
Miwa Yamaguchi, Yosuke Yamada, Hinako Nanri, Yoshizu Nozawa, Aya Itoi, Eiichi Yoshimura, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Keiichi Yokoyama, Chiho Goto, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Hisamine Kobayashi, Misaka Kimura
We aimed to investigate whether frequencies of protein-rich food intake were associated with frailty among older Japanese adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2011 among 3843 men and 4331 women in a population-based cohort of Kameoka city, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. Frailty was assessed by the weighted score based on the 25-item Kihon-Checklist. The frequency of protein-rich food intake was examined as "seafood", "meat", "dairy products", "eggs", and "soy products". The outcome of frailty was analyzed with a multiple logistic regression model using the frequency of protein-rich food intake...
January 13, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341364/food-dependent-exercise-induced-anaphylaxis-in-japanese-elementary-school-children
#3
Tetsuharu Manabe, Norihiro Oku, Yukoh Aihara
BACKGROUND: In 2012, we clarified that the prevalence of food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) was 0.018% among junior-high students in Yokohama, Japan. Furthermore, although different from FDEIA, one student who had completed oral immunotherapy developed anaphylaxis during exercise after eating causative food. However, there have been few large-scale epidemiological studies of FDEIA in elementary school children, so we conducted the epidemiological study among elementary school children in Yokohama to clarify the frequency and characteristic of FDEIA...
January 17, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334323/development-of-functional-agricultural-products-utilizing-the-new-health-claim-labeling-system-in-japan
#4
Mari Maeda-Yamamoto, Toshio Ohtani
In April 2015, Consumer Affairs Agency of Japan launched a new food labeling system known as "Foods with Function Claims (FFC)." Under this system, the food industry independently evaluates scientific evidence on foods and describes their functional properties. As of May 23, 2017, 1023 FFC containing 8 fresh foods have been launched. Meanwhile, to clarify the health-promoting effects of agricultural products, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO) implemented the "Research Project on Development of Agricultural Products" and demonstrated the risk reduction of osteoporosis of β-cryptoxanthin rich Satsuma mandarins and the anti-allergic effect of the O-methylated catechin rich tea cultivar Benifuuki...
January 15, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332276/variability-and-reliability-of-pop-concentrations-in-multiple-breast-milk-samples-collected-from-the-same-mothers
#5
Risa Kakimoto, Masayoshi Ichiba, Akiko Matsumoto, Kunihiko Nakai, Nozomi Tatsuta, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Momoko Ishiyama, Noriko Ryuda, Takashi Someya, Ieyasu Tokumoto, Daisuke Ueno
Risk assessment of infant using a realistic persistent organic pollutant (POP) exposure through breast milk is essential to devise future regulation of POPs. However, recent investigations have demonstrated that POP levels in breast milk collected from the same mother showed a wide range of variation daily and monthly. To estimate the appropriate sample size of breast milk from the same mother to obtain reliable POP concentrations, breast milk samples were collected from five mothers living in Japan from 2006 to 2012...
January 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324255/aberrant-autistic-and-food-related-behaviors-in-adults-with-prader-willi-syndrome-the-comparison-between-young-adults-and-adults
#6
Hiroyuki Ogata, Hiroshi Ihara, Masao Gito, Masayuki Sayama, Nobuyuki Murakami, Tadayuki Ayabe, Yuji Oto, Toshiro Nagai, Kazutaka Shimoda
This study aims to explore the differences of age as well as genotype in regards to the severity of behavioral symptoms in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), with emphasis on the comparison between youngadults and adults.The Food Related Problem Questionnaire (FRPQ), the Aberrant Behavior Checklist Japanese Version (ABC-J), and the Pervasive Developmental Disorders Autism Society Japan Rating Scale (PARS) were administered to 46 PWS patients, including 33 young adults (ages 18-28) and 13 adults(ages 30-45). To examine the differences between young adults and adults, Mann-Whitney U tests were conducted...
January 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319800/characterization-of-a-novel-endo-type-alginate-lyase-derived-from-shewanella-sp-yh1
#7
Hisashi Yagi, Asako Fujise, Narumi Itabashi, Takashi Ohshiro
Alginate, which is an anionic polysaccharide, is widely distributed in the cell wall of brown algae. Alginate and the products of its degradation (oligosaccharides) are used in stabilizers, thickeners, and gelling agents, especially in the food industry. The degradation of alginate generally involves a combination of several alginate lyases (exo-type, endo-type, and oligoalginate lyase). Enhancing the efficiency of the production of alginate degradation products may require the identification of novel alginate lyases with unique characteristics...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317330/comprehensive-evaluation-of-the-flavonol-anti-oxidants-alpha-glycosyl-isoquercitrin-and-isoquercitrin-for-genotoxic-potential
#8
Cheryl A Hobbs, Mihoko Koyanagi, Carol Swartz, Jeffrey Davis, Sawako Kasamoto, Robert Maronpot, Leslie Recio, Shim-Mo Hayashi
Quercetin and its glycosides possess potential benefits to human health. Several flavonols are available to consumers as dietary supplements, promoted as anti-oxidants; however, incorporation of natural quercetin glycosides into food and beverage products has been limited by poor miscibility in water. Enzymatic conjugation of multiple glucose moieties to isoquercitrin to produce alpha-glycosyl isoquercitrin (AGIQ) enhances solubility and bioavailability. AGIQ is used in Japan as a food additive and has been granted generally recognized as safe (GRAS) status...
January 6, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316856/food-functionality-research-as-a-new-national-project-in-special-reference-to-improvement-of-cognitive-and-locomotive-abilities
#9
Keiko Abe, Takumi Misaka
In Japan, where a super-aging society is realized, we are most concerned about healthy longevity, which would ascertain the wellness of people by improving their quality of life (QOL). In 2014, the Cabinet Office proposed a strategic innovation promotion programme, launching a national project for the development of the agricultural-forestry-fisheries food products with new functionalities for the next generation. In addition to focusing on a conventional prevention of lifestyle-associated metabolic syndromes, the project targets the scientific evidence of the activation of brain cognitive ability and the improvement of bodily locomotive function...
January 10, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311267/relationship-between-dietary-vitamin-d-and-deaths-from-stroke-and-coronary-heart-disease-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#10
Haytham A Sheerah, Ehab S Eshak, Renzhe Cui, Hironori Imano, Hiroyasu Iso, Akiko Tamakoshi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is growing evidence about the importance of vitamin D for cardiovascular health. Therefore, we examined the relationship between dietary vitamin D intake and risk of mortality from stroke and coronary heart disease in Japanese population. METHODS: A prospective study encompassing 58 646 healthy Japanese adults (23 099 men and 35 547 women) aged of 40 to 79 years in whom dietary vitamin D intake was determined via a self-administered food frequency questionnaire...
January 8, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299274/cryptic-genetic-variation-in-an-inbreeding-and-cosmopolitan-pest-xylosandrus-crassiusculus-revealed-using-ddradseq
#11
Caroline Storer, Adam Payton, Stuart McDaniel, Bjarte Jordal, Jiri Hulcr
Each year new exotic species are transported across the world through global commerce, causing considerable economic and ecological damage. An important component of managing invasion pathways is to identify source populations. Some of the most widespread exotic species are haplodiploid ambrosia beetles. The ability to mate with siblings (inbreed) and their transportable food source (symbiotic fungus) have enabled them to colonize most of the world and become pests of plant nurseries, lumber, and forests. One of the fastest spreading ambrosia beetles is Xylosandrus crassiusculus...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290357/glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-of-the-diets-of-japanese-adults-the-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-japan
#12
Kentaro Murakami, Satoshi Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of Japanese adults, as well as their nutritional correlates, in the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. METHOD: Dietary data from 15 618 adults aged ≥20 y, collected using a 1-d weighed dietary record, were analyzed. The GI of foods was assigned based on a stepwise published strategy using values from common GI databases. RESULTS: Mean (SD) dietary GI and GL were 65...
February 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288560/dietary-acrylamide-intake-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#13
Ayaka Kotemori, Junko Ishihara, Ling Zha, Rong Liu, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Tomotaka Sobue, Shoichiro Tsugane
Acrylamide forms during cooking and is classified as a probable carcinogen in humans, mandating the need for epidemiological studies of dietary acrylamide and cancers. However, the risk of dietary acrylamide exposure to breast cancer in Japanese women has not been assessed. We investigated the association between dietary acrylamide intake and risk of breast cancer in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study. The present study included 48,910 women aged 45-74 years who responded to a 5-year follow-up survey questionnaire...
December 30, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288244/re-evaluation-of-the-associations-of-egg-intake-with-serum-total-cholesterol-and-cause-specific-and-total-mortality-in-japanese-women
#14
Yasuyuki Nakamura, Tomonori Okamura, Yoshikuni Kita, Nagako Okuda, Aya Kadota, Katsuyuki Miura, Akira Okayama, Hirotsugu Ueshima
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Egg intake was associated with serum total cholesterol adjusted for age (aTCH) and total mortality in women, but not in men, using data from NIPPON DATA (ND) 80 which followed up for 14 years. Re-evaluation of these associations in a different cohort is needed. SUBJECT/METHODS: We analyzed the associations of egg intake with aTCH and cause-specific and total mortality using the ND90 data set with a 15-year follow-up. A nutritional examination was done at the baseline in 1990 using the food-frequency method and by weighed food records...
December 29, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280143/immunostimulatory-effect-of-pepsin-enzymatic-extract-from-porphyra-yezoensis-on-murine-splenocytes
#15
Kalahe Hewage Iresha Nadeeka Madushani Herath, Jeong Ha Lee, Jinhee Cho, Areum Kim, Su Min Shin, Bohyung Kim, You-Jin Jeon, Youngheun Jee
BACKGROUND: Porphyra yezoensis is a red algae consumed mainly in Korea, Japan, and China for food. In the present study, we studied the immunological effect of pepsin extract of P. yezoensis (PPEE) on murine splenocytes. RESULTS: PPEE was not toxic on murine splenocytes and dramatically increased the proliferation of splenocytes compared to untreated control. Flow cytometry assay performed to sum up the effect of PPEE (31.3 and 62.5 μg/ml) on major immune cells revealed that PPEE had no effect on the function of CD3e+ CD4+ T-helper cells, CD3e+ CD8+ T-cytotoxic cells, CD44+ CD62L- effector T cells in splenocytes compared to untreated control...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279578/characterization-and-application-of-lytic-bacteriophages-against-campylobacter-jejuni-isolated-from-poultry-in-japan
#16
Munenori Furuta, Takayuki Nasu, Kouichi Umeki, Duc Hoang Minh, Ken-Ichi Honjoh, Takahisa Miyamoto
 The aim was to isolate Campylobacter jejuni-specific lytic phages from meats on the market in Japan. These phages were effectively isolated from 13 of 15 (86.7%) retail chicken meat samples (skin and liver) by the enrichment method using Preston Campylobacter Selective Enrichment Broth and 10 host Campylobacter strains. Among the 26 phage isolates, 14 were extracted by means of C. jejuni L26 as a host strain. Phage PHC10 showed the broadest lytic spectrum: active against 67.4% of the 46 C. jejuni strains tested...
2017: Biocontrol Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278385/a-survey-of-naturally-occurring-steroid-hormones-in-raw-milk-and-the-associated-health-risks-in-tangshan-city-hebei-province-china
#17
Xueyin Qu, Chuanyou Su, Nan Zheng, Songli Li, Lu Meng, Jiaqi Wang
In recent years, high levels of hormone residue in food, capable of damaging the health of consumers, have been recorded frequently. In this study, 195 raw milk samples were obtained from Tangshan City, China, and the concentrations of 22 steroid hormones were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Cortisol was detected in 12.5% of raw milk samples (mean 0.61 µg/kg; range: <limit of quantification (LOQ)-0.94 µg/kg). Progesterone was detected in 85.9% of raw milk samples (mean 5...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275305/inhibition-of-formation-of-azoxymethane-induced-colonic-aberrant-crypt-foci-in-rats-by-edible-green-algae-capsosiphon-fulvescens-and-brown-algae-hizikia-fusiforme
#18
Young-Sook Son, H M Arif Ullah, Ahmed K Elfadl, Soong-Gu Ghim, Myung-Jin Chung, Yong Deuk Kim, Eun-Joo Lee, Kyung-Ku Kang, Kyu-Shik Jeong
Capsosiphon fulvescens (green seaweed) and Hizikia fusiforme (brown seaweed) are marine algae consumed as food supplements, especially in Japan, China and Korea, and are considered traditional medicinal tonics for certain ailments. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible inhibitory effects of dietary C. fulvescens and H. fusiforme on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colorectal cancer (CRC) in rats. F344 male rats (5 weeks, 150 g) were divided into six groups as follows. Group 1: Injected with normal saline solution and fed control diet (untreated control)...
January 2018: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246502/the-genus-polygonatum-a-review-on-ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#19
REVIEW
Ping Zhao, Chengcheng Zhao, Xia Li, Qingzhi Gao, Luqi Huang, Peigen Xiao, Wenyuan Gao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Polygonatum (Asparagaceae) comprises 71 species distributed throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere. The medicinal plants of Polygonatum have been traditionally used as tonics in Chinese, India, Pakistan, Iran, Japan, etc., and have been demonstrated in clinical practice to be highly effective in the treatment of age-related diseases, diabetes, lung diseases, fatigue, feebleness, indigestion, etc. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This paper aims to provide systematical information on ethnopharmacology, chemical constituents, pharmacological effects and toxicity of Polygonatum plants in order to explore potential medicinal resources or candidate compounds for future research...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242143/increased-ratio-of-pollock-roe-specific-ige-to-salmon-roe-specific-ige-levels-is-associated-with-a-positive-reaction-to-cooked-pollock-roe-oral-food-challenge
#20
Eishi Makita, Noriyuki Yanagida, Sakura Sato, Tomoyuki Asaumi, Motohiro Ebisawa
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis and immediate-type fish roe allergies have been reported worldwide, and, in Japan, fish roe is the sixth most common food allergen. No oral food challenges (OFCs) have used pollock roe (PR), which is reported to have high cross-reactivity with salmon roe (SR). Therefore, we administered an OFC using cooked PR to evaluate PR- and SR-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and allergic reactions in patients with PR sensitivity. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluating patient characteristics and responses to OFCs was conducted with 10-20 g of cooked PR, between April 2006 and November 2016...
December 11, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
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