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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142179/usefulness-of-a-short-dietary-propensity-questionnaire-in-japan
#1
Nagako Okuda, Kazuyoshi Itai, Akira Okayama
AIM: There is a growing need for nutritional education for prevention and non-pharmacological treatment of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We compared the results of a short dietary propensity questionnaire (SDPQ) with those from the food frequency and quantity survey (FF Quantity), which had been previously quantitatively assessed by comparison with the 24-hr dietary recall (24hr-DR), to examine the usefulness of the SDPQ. The SDPQ was designed to assess dietary propensities of 12 food/nutrients relevant to CVD risk factors...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124643/characteristics-of-radiocesium-contaminations-in-mushrooms-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident-evaluation-of-the-food-monitoring-data-from-march-2011-to-march-2016
#2
Benedikt Prand-Stritzko, Georg Steinhauser
The monitoring inspection of food after the Fukushima nuclear accident (2011) was essential for ensuring food safety in Japan and reducing the adverse health effects due to incorporation of inacceptable amounts of radionuclides, in particular radiocesium ((134)Cs and (137)Cs). In this study, the mushroom fraction of the governmental data set of the first 5 years after the accident has been analyzed for contamination levels in mushrooms, in particular time trends and radioecological characteristics as well as associated health risks...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118101/japanese-physicians-experiences-of-terminally-ill-patients-voluntarily-stopping-eating-and-drinking-a-national-survey
#3
Takuya Shinjo, Tatsuya Morita, Daisuke Kiuchi, Masayuki Ikenaga, Hirofumi Abo, Sayaka Maeda, Satoru Tsuneto, Yoshiyuki Kizawa
OBJECTIVES: Voluntarily stopping eating and drinking (VSED) could be regarded as a patients' own non-treatment decision that hastens death, which involves patients voluntarily forgoing food and liquid until death. The aims of this study were to investigate the experience of home hospice physicians and palliative care specialists who care for patients during VSED in Japan, and their opinions on continuous deep sedation (CDS) as a means to relieve patient symptoms during VSED. METHODS: 219 home hospice physicians and 695 palliative care specialists across Japan were surveyed by mail questionnaire in 2016...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112896/staphylococcal-food-poisoning-caused-by-staphylococcus-argenteus-harboring-staphylococcal-enterotoxin-genes
#4
Yuki Wakabayashi, Kaoru Umeda, Shinya Yonogi, Hiromi Nakamura, Kaori Yamamoto, Yuko Kumeda, Kentaro Kawatsu
Staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP) is caused by staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) preformed in food materials. SE genes are encoded on mobile genetic elements and are widely found across Staphylococcus species including S. argenteus, although most SFP cases are caused by S. aureus. S. argenteus, recently discriminated from S. aureus as a novel species, are non-pigmented staphylococci phenotypically related to S. aureus. In 2014 and 2015, two independent food poisoning cases occurred in Osaka, Japan, in which non-pigmented staphylococci were predominantly isolated...
October 22, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109757/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-ajuga-decumbens-extract-supplement-in-individuals-with-knee-discomfort-associated-with-physical-activity-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#5
Yoko Sawada, Atsushi Sugimoto, Takehito Hananouchi, Norimasa Sato, Isao Nagaoka
The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy and safety of the oral administration of Ajuga decumbens extract (ADE) supplement to individuals with knee discomfort associated with physical activity. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted using 48 subjects. The subjects were randomly allocated to an ADE diet group (oral administration of ADE-containing diet, n=24) or a placebo group (n=24), and the intervention was conducted for 12 weeks. A total of 22 subjects in the placebo group and 22 subjects in the ADE diet group were assessed to be eligible for assessment of the efficacy of supplement...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105619/methodological-aspects-of-modeling-household-solid-waste-generation-in-japan-evidence-from-okayama-and-otsu-cities
#6
Binxian Gu, Takeshi Fujiwara, Renfu Jia, Ruiyang Duan, Aijun Gu
This paper presents a quantitative methodology and two empirical case studies in Japan on modeling household solid waste (HSW) generation based on individual consumption expenditure (ICE) and local waste policy effects by using the coupled estimation model systems. Results indicate that ICE on food, miscellaneous commodities and services, as well as education, cultural, and recreation services are mainly associated with the changes of HSW generation and its components in Okayama and Otsu from 1980 to 2014. The effects of waste policy measures were also identified...
November 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104616/consumption-based-conservation-targeting-linking-biodiversity-loss-to-upstream-demand-through-a-global-wildlife-footprint
#7
Justin Kitzes, Eric Berlow, Erin Conlisk, Karlheinz Erb, Katsunori Iha, Neo Martinez, Erica A Newman, Christoph Plutzar, Adam B Smith, John Harte
Although most conservation efforts address the direct, local causes of biodiversity loss, effective long-term conservation will require complementary efforts to reduce the upstream economic pressures, such as demands for food and forest products, which ultimately drive these downstream losses. Here, we present a wildlife footprint analysis that links global losses of wild birds to consumer purchases across 57 economic sectors in 129 regions. The United States, India, China, and Brazil have the largest regional wildlife footprints, while per-person footprints are highest in Mongolia, Australia, Botswana, and the United Arab Emirates...
September 2017: Conservation Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100694/worldwide-drinking-water-occurrence-and-levels-of-newly-identified-perfluoroalkyl-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances
#8
Hermann A Kaboré, Sung Vo Duy, Gabriel Munoz, Ladji Méité, Mélanie Desrosiers, Jinxia Liu, Traoré Karim Sory, Sébastien Sauvé
In the last decade or so, concerns have arisen with respect to the widespread occurrence of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in the environment, food, drinking water, and humans. In this study, the occurrence and levels of a large range of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were investigated in drinking water (bottled and tap water samples) from various locations around the world. Automated off-line solid phase extraction followed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry was used to analyze PFASs of various chain lengths and functional groups...
October 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097736/molecular-phylogenetic-analysis-of-new-entoloma-rhodopolium-related-species-in-japan-and-its-identification-method-using-pcr-rflp
#9
Kazunari Kondo, Kosuke Nakamura, Takumi Ishigaki, Kozue Sakata, Saemi Obitsu, Akio Noguchi, Nozomi Fukuda, Eiji Nagasawa, Reiko Teshima, Tomoko Nishimaki-Mogami
Poisonous Entoloma rhodopolium and other similar species including edible E. sarcopum are morphologically diverse. People mistake poisonous species for edible species. Classification and the detection method of these species need to be defined. The morphological and phylogenetic studies have been reported in northern Europe. In Japan, the genetic study remains unsolved. Thus, phylogenetic analysis of E. rhodopolium was conducted using ITS and RPB2 sequences, and the result was compared with that of European species...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097121/does-tooth-loss-affect-dietary-intake-and-nutritional-status-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#10
REVIEW
Piyada Gaewkhiew, Wael Sabbah, Eduardo Bernabé
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: A systematic review was conducted to explore whether tooth loss affects dietary intake and nutritional status among adults. DATA: Longitudinal studies of population-based or clinical samples of adults exploring the effect of tooth loss on food/dietary/nutrient intake and/or nutritional status were included for consideration. The risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for cohort studies. SOURCES: A search strategy was designed to find published studies on MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS up to March 2017...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094022/evaluation-of-the-results-of-oral-food-challenges-conducted-in-specialized-and-general-hospitals
#11
Kazunori Sakai, Kemal Sasaki, Tomoko Furuta, Shiro Sugiura, Yukari Watanabe, Takae Kobayashi, Takashi Kawabe, Masashi Morishita, Kumiko Nakanishi, Komei Ito
Background: Oral food challenge (OFC) tests are conducted in both specialized institutions and general hospitals. We aimed to compare the severity of the conditions of the patients between these 2 types of institutions in order to consider the role of such institutions in society. Objective: We evaluated the results of OFC tests for hen's egg, cow's milk, and wheat that were conducted in a specialized institution (Aichi Children's Health and Medical Center [ACHMC], n = 835) and in 4 general hospitals (n = 327) in Aichi prefecture, Japan...
October 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093354/epidemiology-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-due-to-suffocation-focusing-on-suffocation-due-to-japanese-rice-cake-a-population-based-observational-study-from-the-utstein-osaka-project
#12
Kosuke Kiyohara, Tomohiko Sakai, Chika Nishiyama, Tatsuya Nishiuchi, Yasuyuki Hayashi, Taku Iwami, Tetsuhisa Kitamura
BACKGROUND: Japanese rice cake ("mochi") is a major cause of food-choking accidents in Japan. However, the epidemiology of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) due to suffocation caused by rice cakes is poorly understood. METHODS: OHCA data from 2005 to 2012 were obtained from the population-based OHCA registry in Osaka Prefecture. Patients aged ≥20 years who experienced OHCA caused by suffocation that occurred before the arrival of emergency-medical-service (EMS) personnel were included...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080826/association-between-childhood-socioeconomic-status-and-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-older-japanese-the-jages-2010-study
#13
Natsuyo Yanagi, Akira Hata, Katsunori Kondo, Takeo Fujiwara
Fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) contributes to the prevention of non-communicable diseases. Although food preference is considered to be determined early in life, few studies have investigated the association between childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and FVI in older age. Because a school lunch program was initiated in Japan after World War II, we were able in this study to examine this association in an older Japanese population. We used data from a population of physically and cognitively independent adults aged 65years or older who were living independently in the community and were recruited from 27 municipalities in the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study 2010 project (August 2010-January 2012)...
October 25, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068090/early-introduction-of-allergenic-foods-for-the-prevention-of-food-allergy-from-an-asian-perspective-an-apapari-consensus-statement
#14
REVIEW
E H Tham, L P Shek, H P Van Bever, P Vichyanond, M Ebisawa, G W K Wong, B W Lee
Emerging evidence for the early introduction of allergenic foods for the prevention of food allergies, such as peanut allergy in Western populations, has led to the recent publication of guidelines in the US and Europe recommending early peanut introduction for high-risk infants with severe eczema or egg allergy. Peanut allergy is, however, much less prevalent in Asia compared to the West. Varying patterns of food allergy are seen even within Asian countries - such as a predominance of wheat allergy in Japan and Thailand and shellfish allergy in Singapore and the Philippines...
October 25, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067709/sensitive-skin-in-korean-population-an-epidemiological-approach
#15
Y R Kim, H I Cheon, L Misery, C Taieb, Y W Lee
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sensitive skin is characterized by uncomfortable sensations in response to multiple factors that do not normally have irritant properties. We used an epidemiological approach to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of sensitive skin in a Korean population, and compared the results with those of populations from other countries. METHODS: A representative nationwide sample of 1000 Koreans aged ≥15 years was selected. The methodology used in this study (questionnaires) was the same as that used in similar studies conducted in other countries...
October 25, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062585/fetal-tobacco-smoke-exposure-in-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy-is-associated-with-atopic-eczema-dermatitis-syndrome-in-infancy
#16
Miwa Shinohara, Kenji Matsumoto
The manifestation of atopic dermatitis (AD) is initially nonatopic eczema in early infancy; the manifestations subsequently change in age-specific stages. Since allergen-specific T-helper 2 cells appear in the fetus primarily after the third trimester of pregnancy and rapidly mature during the first 6 months of life, different timings of tobacco smoke exposure may have different effects on AD. In this study, we investigated whether the timing of fetal or/and infantile tobacco smoke exposure affects the cumulative incidence of atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS) in infants in Japan...
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058160/equivalent-reduction-in-greenhouse-gas-emissions-by-mahayana-buddhists-practicing-vegetarian-diets
#17
Ampere A Tseng
The equivalent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs) by Mahayana Buddhists with vegetarian diets is quantitatively evaluated. The Buddhists in seven Mahayana-dominated countries or regions, i.e., China, Japan, Vietnam, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore, are studied. Assessments of the vegetarian population among these Mahayana-dominated countries or regions are performed. Correlation formulas based on data from a national survey are developed to quantify the GHGEs of various dietary groups by using the meat consumption as the only required input...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057788/relationship-between-self-rated-health-and-lifestyle-and-food-habits-in-japanese-high-school-students
#18
Tomoko Osera, Mitsuyo Awai, Misako Kobayashi, Setsuko Tsutie, Nobutaka Kurihara
Self-rated health (SRH), a subjective assessment of health status, is extensively used in the field of public health. It is an important and valid measure that is strongly related to morbidity, mortality, longevity and health status. Adolescence is a crucial period for the formation of health status, because health-risk behaviours (e.g., skipping breakfast) are often established during this period. In this study, we investigated the relationship of SRH with lifestyle and eating habits in Japanese high school students...
October 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047408/the-efficacy-of-the-kampo-medicine-rikkunshito-for-chemotherapy-induced-anorexia-rich-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Takuya Inoue, Hironori Takagi, Yuki Owada, Yuzuru Watanabe, Takumi Yamaura, Mitsuro Fukuhara, Satoshi Muto, Naoyuki Okabe, Yuki Matsumura, Takeo Hasegawa, Jun Osugi, Mika Hoshino, Mitsunori Higuchi, Yutaka Shio, Hiroshi Yokouchi, Kenya Kanazawa, Katsuya Ohbuchi, Takahisa Fukushima, Mitsuru Munakata, Hiroyuki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin is a key drug in lung cancer therapy. However, cisplatin is also well known to induce gastrointestinal disorders, such as chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, anorexia, and weight loss. These symptoms sometimes affect patients' quality of life and make continuation of chemotherapy difficult. Anorexia is a cause of concern for patients with cancer because a persistent loss of appetite progresses to cancer cachexia. Although evidence-based management for chemotherapy has recently been established, there is room for improvement...
October 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046701/safety-of-8-weeks-oral-administration-of-arctium-lappa-l
#20
So-Hyeon Bok, Seung Sik Cho, Chun-Sik Bae, Dae-Hun Park, Kyung-Mok Park
Recently, worldwide dietary reference intakes have been considered an important guideline for public health. Some governments and the World Health Organization (WHO) provide guidelines concerning dietary intake. Although an ingredient may have a history of use as a culinary material, changes in the environment over time suggest that the acceptable maximum intake each of food/culinary material should be regularly evaluated. Arctium lappa L. has been used as a culinary material for many centuries in Korea and Japan and some recent studies have reported related therapeutic effects...
September 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
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