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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885939/microbial-innovations-in-the-world-of-food
#1
Hisashi Kawasaki, Kenji Ueda
Technological developments in Japan based on the results of microbial research were a major pillar supporting the postwar industrial revolution. The wellspring of these advancements was the sophisticated technology used in traditional brewing, a foundation of the characteristic Japanese food culture. In this manuscript, we will describe the fermentative production of amino acids and nucleic acids following the discovery of the umami component so distinct in Japanese cuisine, which finally revealed the true power of microbial production...
January 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885092/nuclear-and-radiological-preparedness-the-achievements-of-the-european-research-project-prepare
#2
Thierry Schneider, Florian Gering, Sylvie Charron, Mark Zhelezniak, Spyros Andronopoulos, Gilles Heriard-Dubreuil, Johan Camps, Wolfgang Raskob
The PREPARE project aimed closing gaps identified in nuclear and radiological preparedness in Europe following the first evaluation of the Fukushima disaster. With 46 partners from Europe and Japan, it collected the key players in the area of emergency management and rehabilitation preparedness. Starting from February 2013, the project ended in January 2016. Among others, the project reviewed existing operational procedures for long-lasting releases, cross-border problems in radiation monitoring and food safety and further developed missing functionalities in decision support systems ranging from improved source term estimation and dispersion modelling to the inclusion of hydrological pathways for European water bodies...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878486/assessment-of-questionnaire-based-pcb-exposure-focused-on-food-frequency-in-birth-cohorts-in-japan
#3
Akifumi Eguchi, Masae Otake, Masamichi Hanazato, Norimichi Suzuki, Yoshiharu Matsuno, Hiroko Nakaoka, Emiko Todaka, Chisato Mori
We investigated the relationship between food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) responses and serum polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) levels of mothers and fathers recruited from the Chiba Regional Center, which is one of the 15 regional centers of the Japan Environment and Children's Study (mothers: n = 1477, fathers: n = 219). The expected PCB values were estimated from the participants' FFQ answers and medical records (age, body mass index and number of deliveries). Based on the stepwise forward selection results of Bayesian regression models, age and fish and egg consumption were positively associated with PCB concentrations and a number of deliveries were negatively associated with PCB concentrations in mothers, whereas only age was positively associated with PCB concentrations in fathers...
November 22, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865357/younger-and-older-ages-and-obesity-are-associated-with-energy-intake-underreporting-but-not-overreporting-in-japanese-boys-and-girls-aged-1-19-years-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#4
Kentaro Murakami, M Barbara E Livingstone, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki
Evidence on the magnitude and nature of misreporting of food intake in non-Western children and adolescents is sparse. We investigated the hypothesis that under- and overreporting of energy intake (EI) is prevalent and associated with some characteristics in 3866 Japanese boys and girls aged 1-19 years using data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. Each individual's EI was calculated based on a 1-day semiweighed household dietary record, including information on approximate proportions by which each dish was divided among the family members...
October 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859643/undernourishment-in-utero-and-hepatic-steatosis-in-later-life-a-potential-issue-in-japanese-people-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Hiroaki Itoh, Keiko Muramatsu-Kato, Urmi J Ferdous, Yukiko Kohmura-Kobayashi, Naohiro Kanayama
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome. The prevalence of NAFLD in Japan has nearly doubled in the last 10-15 years. Increasing evidence supports undernourishment in utero being causatively connected with the risk of NAFLD in later life. Low body mass index (BMI) has been common among Japanese women of childbearing age for several decades due to their strong desire to be thin. It is plausible that insufficient maternal energy intake by pregnant Japanese women may underlie the rapid increase in the prevalence of NAFLD in Japan...
November 16, 2016: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855068/prevalence-of-colistin-resistance-gene-mcr-1-and-absence-of-mcr-2-in-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-healthy-food-producing-animals-in-japan
#6
Michiko Kawanishi, Hitoshi Abo, Manao Ozawa, Mariko Uchiyama, Takahiro Shirakawa, Satowa Suzuki, Ayaka Shima, Akifumi Yamashita, Tsuyoshi Sekizuka, Kengo Kato, Makoto Kuroda, Ryoji Koike, Mayumi Kijima
We screened mcr-1 and mcr-2 genes in 9,306 Escherichia coli strains isolated from healthy animals in the Japanese Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring system (JVARM). mcr-1 was detected in 39 strains (5, 20, and 14 isolated from cattle, swine and broiler, respectively), whereas mcr-2 was not detected. mcr-2 was also not detected with the investigation sequence homology search against our curated GenEpid-J database.
November 14, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853978/sex-differences-of-dental-pathology-in-early-modern-samurai-and-commoners-at-kokura-in-japan
#7
Joichi Oyamada, Yoshikazu Kitagawa, Masahito Hara, Junya Sakamoto, Takayuki Matsushita, Toshiyuki Tsurumoto, Yoshitaka Manabe
So-called "Ohaguro", teeth blackening, in the married females was a general custom regardless of class in the early modern period. As a result, Ohaguro was thought to have enhanced the acid resistance of tooth substance and tightened gingiva and prevented tooth morbidity due to periodontal disease. For investigation into the influence of Ohaguro, the skeletal remains of early modern samurai and commoners at Kokura were examined for differences in the dental pathology based on sex. Though females from archeological sites have significantly more carious teeth and antemortem tooth loss (AMTL) than males in the previous studies, the prevalence of caries and AMTL in males was higher than in females among the early modern samurai and commoners in Kokura...
November 16, 2016: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853590/co-occurrence-of-ecologically-equivalent-cryptic-species-of-spider-wasps
#8
Hiroaki Kurushima, Jin Yoshimura, Jeong-Kyu Kim, Jong-Kuk Kim, Yutaka Nishimoto, Katsuhiko Sayama, Manabu Kato, Kenta Watanabe, Eisuke Hasegawa, Derek A Roff, Akira Shimizu
Many cryptic species have been discovered in various taxonomic groups based on molecular phylogenetic analyses and mating experiments. Some sympatric cryptic species share equivalent resources, which contradicts the competitive exclusion principle. Two major theories have been proposed to explain the apparent lack of competitive exclusion, i.e. niche-based coexistence and neutral model, but a conclusive explanation is lacking. Here, we report the co-occurrence of cryptic spider wasp species appearing to be ecologically equivalent...
August 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829457/combined-effect-of-new-complete-dentures-and-simple-dietary-advice-on-nutritional-status-in-edentulous-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Yuriko Komagamine, Manabu Kanazawa, Maiko Iwaki, Ayami Jo, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Noriko Amagai, Shunsuke Minakuchi
BACKGROUND: Individuals who are edentulous have a lower intake of fruit, vegetables, fiber, and protein compared with their dentate counterparts because tooth loss is accompanied by a decrease in ability to chew. Whether or not a combination of prosthetic rehabilitation and simple dietary advice produces improvement in dietary intake among edentulous persons is unclear. We aim to investigate the effect of a simultaneous combination of simple dietary advice delivered by dentists and provision of new complete dentures on dietary intake in edentulous individuals who request new dentures...
November 9, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822323/inhibitory-effect-of-actinidia-arguta-on-mutagenesis-inflammation-and-two-stage-mouse-skin-tumorigenesis
#10
Mari Nishimura, Yuma Okimasu, Naoko Miyake, Misako Tada, Ryoko Hida, Tomoe Negishi, Sakae Arimoto-Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Actinidia arguta, known as sarunashi in Japan, is a vine tree native to east-Asia, including Japan, that produces small fruit rich in anthocyanins, catechins, vitamin C, chlorophyll, beta-carotene and other polyphenols. RESULTS: Our study revealed the inhibitory effect of the juice of A. arguta (arguta-juice) toward the mutagenicity of food-derived carcinogens and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using the Ames test, and antioxidant activity of arguta-juice as determined using a free radical scavenging assay...
2016: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819247/generic-oncology-drugs-are-they-all-safe
#11
REVIEW
Y Tony Yang, Sumimasa Nagai, Brian K Chen, Zaina P Qureshi, Akida A Lebby, Samuel Kessler, Peter Georgantopoulos, Dennis W Raisch, Oliver Sartor, Terhi Hermanson, Robert C Kane, William J Hrushesky, Joshua J Riente, LeAnn B Norris, Laura R Bobolts, James O Armitage, Charles L Bennett
Although the availability of generic oncology drugs allows access to contemporary care and reduces costs, there is international variability in the safety of this class of drugs. In this Series paper, we review clinical, policy, safety, and regulatory considerations for generic oncology drugs focusing on the USA, Canada, the European Union (EU), Japan, China, and India. Safety information about generic formulations is reviewed from one agent in each class, for heavy metal drugs (cisplatin), targeted agents (imatinib), and cytotoxic agents (docetaxel)...
November 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819210/a-japanese-diet-with-low-glycaemic-index-and-glycaemic-load-is-associated-with-both-favourable-and-unfavourable-aspects-of-dietary-intake-patterns-in-three-generations-of-women
#12
Ryoko Inomaki, Kentaro Murakami, M Barbara E Livingstone, Hitomi Okubo, Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: Western studies have suggested cultural differences in food and nutrient intake patterns associated with dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL). Here, we conducted a cross-sectional study to examine the GI and GL of Japanese diets in relation to food and nutrient intakes. DESIGN: Dietary intake was assessed using a validated, self-administered, diet history questionnaire. SETTING: A total of thirty-five of forty-seven prefectures in Japan...
November 7, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807784/public-exposure-to-radioactivity-levels-in-the-lebanese-environment
#13
O El Samad, R Baydoun, M Aoun, W Zaidan, H El Jeaid
In the framework of a National Environmental Radiation Survey Program, a total of 950 samples were collected and analyzed over 7 years. The program covers different compartment of Lebanese environment, rivers, wells, marine samples, soil, and foodstuff. Air was monitored continuously through a radiation early warning network system. Data collected from 2009 to 2015 are presented in this work. Gross alpha/gross beta values in well samples were below the guidance levels stated by the WHO. Cesium-137 was detected in milk samples, whey, and jam...
November 2, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798029/stress-fracture-and-premenstrual-syndrome-in-japanese-adolescent-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Takashi Takeda, Yoko Imoto, Hiroyo Nagasawa, Atsuko Takeshita, Masami Shiina
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between the occurrence of stress fracture and premenstrual syndrome (PMS)/premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in Japanese adolescent athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Osaka, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A school-based survey on menstruation and school life was conducted using a sample of 1818 Japanese female students who belonged to two public high schools in Japan...
October 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791954/ocular-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-is-less-complicated-with-allergic-disorders-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#15
Yukihiro Horie, Nobuyoshi Kitaichi, Kuniaki Hijioka, Koh-Hei Sonoda, Yoshitsugu Saishin, Takeshi Kezuka, Hiroshi Goto, Masaru Takeuchi, Satoshi Nakamura, Takashi Kimoto, Machiko Shimakawa, Mihori Kita, Sunao Sugita, Manabu Mochizuki, Junko Hori, Mitsuhiro Iwata, Jun Shoji, Masahide Fukuda, Toshikatsu Kaburaki, Jiro Numaga, Hidetoshi Kawashima, Astuki Fukushima, Takeshi Joko, Nanae Takai, Yoko Ozawa, Akira Meguro, Nobuhisa Mizuki, Kenichi Namba, Susumu Ishida, Shigeaki Ohno
OBJECTIVES: Behçet's disease (BD) is a systemic inflammatory disorder polarised to the Th1 and Th17 immune systems. Allergic diseases are polarised to the Th2 immune system. The aim of the present study is to investigate the prevalence of allergic diseases in patients who have BD. METHODS: The study involved a large-scale interview survey of Japanese patients with BD at 21 institutes of ophthalmology; 353 patients (255 males and 98 females) were recruited for this study...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791220/food-accessibility-and-perceptions-of-shopping-difficulty-among-elderly-people-living-alone-in-japan
#16
M Ishikawa, T Yokoyama, T Nakaya, Y Fukuda, Y Takemi, K Kusama, N Yoshiike, M Nozue, K Yoshiba, N Murayama
OBJECTIVES: This aim of this study was to describe the association between shopping difficulty and food accessibility for elderly people living alone in Japan. DESIGN: A cross-sectoral, multilevel survey was designed to measure shopping difficulty from a food accessibility perspective. The questionnaire was distributed by mail. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A geographic information system was used to select the sample: it identified the proximity of elderly people living alone to a supermarket...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790921/combined-repeated-dose-and-reproductive-developmental-toxicity-screening-test-of-1-tert-butoxy-4-chlorobenzene-in-rats
#17
Yasuhiro Tsubokura, Ryuichi Hasegawa, Sunao Aso, Toshio Kobayashi, Takayuki Koga, Satsuki Hoshuyama, Yutaka Oshima, Katsumi Miyata, Yuji Kusune, Takako Muroi, Naoki Hashizume, Yoshiyuki Inoue, Shozo Ajimi, Kotaro Furukawa
We have carried out animal toxicity tests of chemicals for a chemical safety program implemented by the Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry of Japan. Here, we tested 1-tert-butoxy-4-chlorobenzene in a combined repeat-dose and developmental and reproductive toxicity test. The test chemical was administered daily by gavage to 9-week-old Crl:CD (SD) rats at doses of 0, 20, 100, and 500  mg/kg/d. Males were treated for 42 d beginning 14 d before mating. Females were treated from 14 d before mating to day 4 of lactation...
October 28, 2016: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784863/analysis-of-azodicarbonamide-in-wheat-flour-and-prepared-flour-mixes
#18
Akiko Yasui, Mitsuo Oishi, Chieko Hayafuji, Chigusa Kobayashi, Tetsuya Shindo, Hideki Ozawa, Mitsuo Nakazato
Azodicarbonamide (ADA) is used in some countries as a flour bleaching agent and a dough conditioner. However, ADA is prohibited for use as a food additive in Japan. Therefore, it is necessary to establish an efficient and sensitive method to determine ADA in wheat flour. A simple and practical procedure to analyze ADA in wheat flour and prepared flour mixes was developed. ADA was extracted from samples by ultrasonication with acetone. ADA in the solution was derivatized with triphenylphosphine (TPP). The ADA-TPP derivative was concentrated and cleaned up using a reversed-phase solid-phase extraction cartridge, and the ADA-TPP derivative was analyzed using HPLC for determination and LC-MS/MS for identification...
2016: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734507/pop-levels-in-beans-from-mediterranean-and-tropical-areas
#19
Giuseppa Di Bella, Imen Haddaoui, Vincenzo Lo Turco, Angela Giorgia Potortì, Maria Rita Fede, Giacomo Dugo
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of beans as food, few studies are conducted to control their contamination by persistent organic pollutants (POPs), compounds of great importance because of their toxicity and tendency to accumulate in food chains. In order to evaluate the human exposure to POPs by the consumption of beans a monitoring programme was conducted on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) residues in samples coming from Italy, Mexico, India, Japan, Ghana and Ivory Coast...
October 13, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732880/simple-and-specific-method-for-detection-of-antibodies-against-hepatitis-e-virus-in-mammalian-species
#20
Kenzo Yonemitsu, Yutaka Terada, Ryusei Kuwata, Dung Nguyen, Nobuyuki Shiranaga, Satomi Tono, Tomoka Matsukane, Mayumi Yokoyama, Kazuo Suzuki, Hiroshi Shimoda, Ai Takano, Masahiko Muto, Ken Maeda
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the causative agent of hepatitis E, a food- and water-borne disease. In developed countries, consumption of meats from pigs, wild boars and deer is a major source of infection. Although HEV and HEV-related viruses have been detected in many animal species, their zoonotic potential and prevalence has not been completely understood. To detect anti-HEV antibody in mammalian species, a simple enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was established using extract from cells expressing HEV capsid protein and protein A/G as an antigen and a reagent for detection of antibody...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Virological Methods
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