keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Japan and food

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769748/comparative-ecologic-relationships-of-saturated-fat-sucrose-food-groups-and-a-mediterranean-food-pattern-score-to-50-year-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-rates-among-16-cohorts-of-the-seven-countries-study
#1
Daan Kromhout, Alessandro Menotti, Adalberta Alberti-Fidanza, Paolo Emilio Puddu, Peter Hollman, Anthony Kafatos, Hanna Tolonen, Hisashi Adachi, David R Jacobs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We studied the ecologic relationships of food groups, macronutrients, eating patterns, and an a priori food pattern score (Mediterranean Adequacy Index: MAI) with long-term CHD mortality rates in the Seven Countries Study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Sixteen cohorts (12,763 men aged 40-59 years) were enrolled in the 1960s in seven countries (US, Finland, The Netherlands, Italy, Greece, former Yugoslavia: Croatia/Serbia, Japan). Dietary surveys were carried out at baseline and only in a subsample of each cohort...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769471/-ministry-of-health-2015-penultimate-year-children-and-survey-and-research-project-promoting-the-parenting-support-actual-conditions-report-on-the-results-of-the-investigation-on-allergy-control-in-day-care-centers-admissions-children-of-allergic-diseases-situation
#2
Noriyuki Yanagida, Motohiro Ebisawa, Toshio Katsunuma, Jyoji Yoshizawa
BACKGROUND: There are no reports on the prevalence and social acceptance of food allergies (FAs) and FAinduced symptoms in nursery schools in Japan. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to clarify the current status of FA among children in nurseries. METHODS: Investigations were conducted in childcare facilities nationwide through survey request forms found on the Web page or sent via post. RESULT: We received responses from 15722 out of the 32210 institutions (48...
2018: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755976/a-general-safety-assessment-for-purified-food-ingredients-derived-from-biotechnology-crops-case-study-of-brazilian-sugar-and-beverages-produced-from-insect-protected-sugarcane
#3
Reese D Kennedy, Adriana Cheavegatti-Gianotto, Wladecir S de Oliveira, Ronald P Lirette, Jerry J Hjelle
Insect-protected sugarcane that expresses Cry1Ab has been developed in Brazil. Analysis of trade information has shown that effectively all the sugarcane-derived Brazilian exports are raw or refined sugar and ethanol. The fact that raw and refined sugar are highly purified food ingredients, with no detectable transgenic protein, provides an interesting case study of a generalized safety assessment approach. In this study, both the theoretical protein intakes and safety assessments of Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, NPTII, and Bar proteins used in insect-protected biotechnology crops were examined...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752981/estimation-of-daily-intake-of-arsenolipids-in-japan-based-on-a-market-basket-survey
#4
Md Hasan Al Amin, Chan Xiong, Ronald A Glabonjat, Kevin A Francesconi, Tomoko Oguri, Jun Yoshinaga
Arsenolipid concentrations were measured in 17 food composites prepared from 152 food items purchased in Shizuoka city, Japan, to (1) determine the food contributing to daily intake of arsenolipids, and (2) estimate the daily intake of arsenolipids. Analysis of arsenolipids was performed by high performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS/ESI-MS-MS). Arsenic containing hydrocarbons (AsHCs), arsenic containing fatty acids (AsFAs), and arsenosugar phospholipids (AsSugPLs) were detected only in "algae" and "fish and shellfish" of the 17 food composites in a concentration range of 4...
May 9, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751622/dietary-differences-in-male-workers-among-smaller-occupational-groups-within-large-occupational-categories-findings-from-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs
#5
Rie Tanaka, Mayumi Tsuji, Ayako Senju, Koichi Kusuhara, Toshihiro Kawamoto
Studies examining workers' diet according to smaller occupational groups within "large occupational categories" are sparse. The aim of this study was to examine the potential differences in workers' diets based on the classification of workers into smaller occupational groups that comprise "large occupational categories". The subjects of this study were working fathers who had participated in the Japan Environment and Children's Study (N = 38,656). Energy and nutrient intake were calculated based on data collected from the Food Frequency Questionnaire...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751447/source-estimation-of-pharmaceuticals-based-on-catchment-population-and-in-stream-attenuation-in-yodo-river-watershed-japan
#6
Seiya Hanamoto, Norihide Nakada, Naoyuki Yamashita, Hiroaki Tanaka
Fifty-five pharmaceuticals were monitored at four rivers and inlets and/or outlets of three sewage treatment plants (STPs) in Yodo River watershed, Japan over 17 sampling events. Twenty-six quantified pharmaceuticals were classified by source and fate. The load per person (LPP) of nine pharmaceuticals, including six with observed mass balance in studied river stretch of <80%, was appreciably lower in river water (RW) than in the effluent (EF) of STPs (RW/EF <0.5), indicating that they were susceptible to in-stream attenuation in the study area, while the others were relatively conservative...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739175/potent-potassium-competitive-acid-blockers-a-new-era-for-the-treatment-of-acid-related-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Tadayuki Oshima, Hiroto Miwa
Conventional proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are used as a first-line therapy to treat acid-related diseases worldwide. However, they have a number of limitations including slow onset of action, influence by cytochrome P450 polymorphisms, unsatisfactory effects at night, and instability in acidic conditions. Alternative formulations of conventional PPIs have been developed to overcome these problems; however, these drugs have only introduced small advantages for controlling acid secretion compared to conventional PPIs...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738551/identification-of-genetic-linkage-group-1-linked-sequences-in-japanese-eel-anguilla-japonica-by-single-chromosome-sorting-and-sequencing
#8
Kazumi Matsubara, Yuki Iwasaki, Issei Nishiki, Kazuharu Nomura, Atushi Fujiwara
Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) constitutes one of the most important food fish in Japan; accordingly, genome sequencing and linkage mapping have been conducted for the purpose of artificial cultivation. In the next stage, integration of genomic sequences within linkage groups (LG) is required to construct higher-resolution genetic markers for quantitative trait loci mapping and selective breeding of beneficial traits in farming. In order to identify LG1-linked scaffolds from the draft genome assembly (323,776 scaffolds) reported previously, we attempted to isolate chromosomes corresponding to LG1 by flow sorting and subsequent analyses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737276/molecular-identification-and-characterization-of-sarcocystis-spp-in-horsemeat-and-beef-marketed-in-japan
#9
Rie Murata, Jun Suzuki, Ayako Hyuga, Takayuki Shinkai, Kenji Sadamasu
Human Sarcocystis infections are known to be caused by the ingestion of raw or undercooked beef or pork containing mature sarcocysts of Sarcocystis hominis or S. suihominis, respectively. In addition, several cases of parasitic food poisoning in Japan have recently been reported after consumption of raw horsemeat containing sarcocysts of S. fayeri. In this study, the presence of sarcocysts in 28 horsemeat and 121 beef samples collected in Tokyo was investigated. Sarcocysts of S. fayeri were found in 16 horsemeat samples...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729108/high-prevalence-of-anemia-in-10-month-old-japanese-infants-with-breastfeeding
#10
Masahiko Kimura, Youichi Kurozawa, Yumi Saito, Hiroshi Watanabe, Ayame Kobayashi, Takeshi Taketani
BACKGROUND: Anemia in infancy is still prevalent in developing countries. Commercial iron-fortified complementary foods or iron drops are not available in Japan and breastfed infants have a higher risk of anemia. We studied anemia screening in infants in 10-month old infants and evaluated whether breastfeeding is a risk factor for anemia. METHODS: Anemia screening was performed during a regular health check of 10-month children at four local pediatric clinics in Shimane prefecture, Japan...
May 5, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728774/millennium-old-farm-breeding-of-chinese-softshell-turtles-pelodiscus-spp-results-in-massive-erosion-of-biodiversity
#11
Shiping Gong, Melita Vamberger, Markus Auer, Peter Praschag, Uwe Fritz
Chinese softshell turtles (Pelodiscus spp.) are widely distributed, ranging from the Amur and Ussuri Rivers in the Russian Far East through the Korean Peninsula, Japan, and eastern, central, and southern China to southern Vietnam. In East and Southeast Asia, Chinese softshell turtles are traditionally exploited for food and have been farm-bred in China since the Spring and Autumn Period, more than 2400 years ago. Currently, the annual production of Pelodiscus amounts to 340,000 t in China alone. Using mitochondrial DNA (2428 bp) and five nuclear loci (3704 bp), we examined broad sampling of wild and farm-bred Pelodiscus to infer genetic and taxonomic differentiation...
May 4, 2018: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722046/pharmacogenomic-biomarkers-interpretation-of-information-included-in-united-states-and-japanese-drug-labels
#12
R Shimazawa, M Ikeda
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: Many drug labels contain information on pharmacogenomic biomarkers (PGBMs), but the information is not necessarily actionable. Pharmacogenomics Knowledgebase (PharmGKB) aims to clarify the level of action for PGBMs (PGx levels) implied in each label as issued by the US Food and Drug Administration. We wished to evaluate the association between the PGx level for US and Japanese drug labels and the insurance coverage for PGBM testing or approval for in vitro diagnostics (IVDs) in each country...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721267/broad-infectivity-of-leidynema-appendiculatum-nematoda-oxyurida-thelastomatidae-parasite-of-the-smokybrown-cockroach-periplaneta-fuliginosa-blattodea-blattidae
#13
Sota Ozawa, Koichi Hasegawa
Host specificity of parasites is important for the understanding of evolutionary strategies of parasitism that would be a basis of predictions of the disease expansion when parasitized hosts invade new environments. The nematode order Oxyurida is an interesting parasite group for studying the evolution of parasitism as it includes parasites of both invertebrates and vertebrates. In our survey, we found that the smokybrown cockroach Periplaneta fuliginosa was primarily infected with only one nematode species Leidynema appendiculatum ...
April 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719411/forodesine-in-the-treatment-of-relapsed-refractory-peripheral-t-cell-lymphoma-an-evidence-based-review
#14
REVIEW
Shinichi Makita, Akiko Miyagi Maeshima, Dai Maruyama, Koji Izutsu, Kensei Tobinai
T-cell lymphoma is a rare hematologic malignancy with an incidence rate between 10% and 20% of that of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) generally have a poor prognosis when treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (CHOP)/CHOP-like chemotherapy; once relapse occurs, it is mostly regarded as an incurable disease. To overcome the chemorefractoriness of PTCL, several novel agents have been developed. Since the first approval of pralatrexate, a dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor, for relapsed/refractory PTCL by the US Food and Drug Administration, several new agents, such as romidepsin (histone deacetylase inhibitor), brentuximab vedotin (antibody-drug conjugate targeting CD30), chidamide (histone deacetylase inhibitor), and mogamulizumab (anti-CC chemokine receptor 4 monoclonal antibody), have been approved as a therapeutic option for relapsed/refractory PTCL in several countries, including the US, Europe, China, and Japan...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716661/detection-of-ascaridoid-nematode-parasites-in-the-important-marine-food-fish-conger-myriaster-brevoort-anguilliformes-congridae-from-the-zhoushan-fishery-china
#15
Hui-Xia Chen, Lu-Ping Zhang, David I Gibson, Liang Lü, Zhen Xu, Hai-Tao Li, Hui-Dong Ju, Liang Li
BACKGROUND: The whitespotted conger Conger myriaster (Brevoort) (Anguilliformes: Congridae) is an extremely marketable food fish, commonly consumed as sashimi or sushi in some Asian countries (i.e. Japan, Korea and China). Conger myriaster is also suspected as being an extremely important source of human anisakidosis. However, there is currently very little information on the levels of infection with ascaridoid nematode parasites in this economically important marine fish. The aims of the present study are to determine the species composition, prevalence and mean intensity of ascaridoid parasites of C...
May 2, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709887/association-between-serum-folate-levels-and-caffeinated-beverage-consumption-in-pregnant-women-in-chiba-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#16
Masae Otake, Kenichi Sakurai, Masahiro Watanabe, Chisato Mori
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the adverse effects of caffeine intake during pregnancy on fetal health. However, the effects of caffeine intake from green and oolong teas has not been investigated, despite the considerable consumption of these teas in Japan and the potential inhibitory effects of catechins-chemicals present at relatively high levels in green and oolong teas-on folic acid absorption. The potential associations of serum folate levels with caffeinated beverage consumption and catechin levels remain largely unstudied...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709637/seasonal-changes-in-the-communities-of-photosynthetic-picoeukaryotes-in-ofunato-bay-as-revealed-by-shotgun-metagenomic-sequencing
#17
Jonaira Rashid, Atsushi Kobiyama, Md Shaheed Reza, Yuichiro Yamada, Yuri Ikeda, Daisuke Ikeda, Nanami Mizusawa, Kazuho Ikeo, Shigeru Sato, Takehiko Ogata, Toshiaki Kudo, Shinnosuke Kaga, Shiho Watanabe, Kimiaki Naiki, Yoshimasa Kaga, Katsuhiko Mineta, Vladimir Bajic, Takashi Gojobori, Shugo Watabe
Small photosynthetic eukaryotes play important roles in oceanic food webs in coastal regions. We investigated seasonal changes in the communities of photosynthetic picoeukaryotes (PPEs) of the class Mamiellophyceae, including the genera Bathycoccus, Micromonas and Ostreococcus, in Ofunato Bay, which is located in northeastern Japan and faces the Pacific Ocean. The abundances of PPEs were assessed over a period of one year in 2015 at three sampling stations, KSt. 1 (innermost bay area), KSt. 2 (middle bay area) and KSt...
April 27, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708806/ashitaba-angelica-keiskei-exudate-prevents-increases-in-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-induced-by-obesity-in-tsumura-suzuki-obese-diabetic-mice
#18
Mitsuhiro Ohta, Aya Fujinami, Katsutaka Oishi, Norihiro Kobayashi, Katsunori Ohnishi, Naoki Ohkura
Angelica keiskei koidzumi (ashitaba) is consumed as a traditional folk medicine and health food in Japan. Ashitaba extract contains abundant flavonoids containing chalcones. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is the primary physiological inhibitor of tissue plasminogen activator. Excessive amounts of PAI-1 in plasma disrupt the fibrinolytic balance and promote a prothrombotic state with which thrombosis and cardiovascular diseases are associated. In the present study, we investigated the effects of ashitaba yellow exudate (AE) on enhanced PAI-1 levels in Tsumura Suzuki obese diabetic (TSOD) mice...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696737/estimation-of-concentration-of-radionuclides-in-skeletal-muscle-from-blood-based-on-the-data-from-abandoned-animals-in-fukushima
#19
REVIEW
Tomokazu Fukuda
The damage caused by the earthquake on 11 March, 2011 resulted in a serious nuclear accident in Japan. Due to the damage to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP), large amounts of radioactive substances were released into the environment. In particular, one of the largest safety concerns is radioactive cesium (134 Cs and 137 Cs). Due to the FNPP nuclear accident, a 20 km area was restricted from human activity, and various types of domestic animals were left in the zone. We collected the organs and tissues from sacrificed animals to obtain scientific data to evaluate the internal deposition of radioactive compounds...
April 26, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696664/atrial-fibrillation-patient-preferences-for-oral-anticoagulation-and-stroke-knowledge-results-of-a-conjoint-analysis
#20
Deirdre A Lane, Juliane Meyerhoff, Ute Rohner, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend that patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are involved in oral anticoagulant (OAC) treatment decisions. Understanding which OAC attributes AF patients value most could help optimize treatment. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in patients with nonvalvular AF taking an OAC for stroke prevention in the United States, Canada, Germany, France, and Japan. Patients were asked about their stroke knowledge, perception of the seriousness of AF and concern about stroke, and to rank seven OAC attributes in order of importance...
April 25, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
keyword
keyword
117851
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"