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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748234/erosive-tooth-wear-among-different-tooth-types-and-surfaces-in-japanese-adults-15-to-89-years-old
#1
Yuichi Kitasako, Yoshiyuk Sasaki, Tomohiro Takagaki, Alireza Sadr, Junji Tagami
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of erosive tooth wear on buccal, incisal/occlusal and palatal/lingual surfaces in a wide age range of Japanese adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included a total of 1108 adults aged 15 to 89 years in Tokyo, Japan. The subjects were asked to complete a self-administered nutrition-related questionnaire. Two examiners evaluated tooth wear on the buccal, occlusal/incisal and palatal/lingual surfaces in a full-mouth recording, using a modified Smith and Knight tooth-wear index...
July 25, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747986/comparison-of-therapeutic-responses-to-an-anticancer-drug-in-three-stocks-of-icr-mice-derived-from-three-different-sources
#2
Ji Eun Sung, Ji Eun Kim, Hyun Ah Lee, Woo Bin Yun, Jun Young Choi, Mi Rim Lee, Jin Ju Park, Hye Ryeong Kim, Bo Ram Song, Young Suk Jung, Kil Soo Kim, Dae Youn Hwang
Korl:ICR mice, established by the Korean National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation (NIFDS), are characterized based on their genetic variation, response to gastric injury, and response to constipation inducers. To compare the inhibitory responses of ICR stocks obtained from three different sources to the anticancer drug cisplatin (Cis), alterations in tumor volume, histopathological structure, and toxicity were examined in Sarcoma 180 tumor-bearing Korl:ICR, A:ICR (USA source), and B:ICR (Japan source) mice treated with low and high concentrations of Cis (L-Cis and H-Cis, respectively)...
June 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747982/comparative-study-of-fatty-liver-induced-by-methionine-and-choline-deficiency-in-c57bl-6n-mice-originating-from-three-different-sources
#3
Sou Hyun Kim, Yong Lim, Ju Bin Park, Jae-Hwan Kwak, Keuk-Jun Kim, Joung-Hee Kim, HyunKeun Song, Joon Young Cho, Dae Youn Hwang, Kil Soo Kim, Young-Suk Jung
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is believed to be the most prevalent liver disease worldwide and a major cause of chronic liver injury. It is characterized by lipid accumulation in the absence of significant alcohol consumption and frequently progresses to steatohepatitis, liver fibrosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although many studies have been conducted to better understand NAFLD since it was first recognized, there are still many gaps in knowledge of etiology, prognosis, prevention and treatment...
June 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747981/comparison-of-the-response-using-icr-mice-derived-from-three-different-sources-to-multiple-low-dose-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Do Yeon Lee, Myeong Hwan Kim, Hye Rin Suh, Young Suk Jung, Dae Youn Hwang, Kil Soo Kim
This study was conducted to compare the multiple low-dose streptozotocin (MLDS)-induced diabetic patterns of Korl:ICR, A:ICR, and B:ICR mice obtained from three different sources. Six-week-old male ICR mice were obtained from three difference sources. Korl:ICR mice were kindly provided by the National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation (NIFDS). The other two groups of ICR mice were purchased from different vendors located in the United States (A:ICR) and Japan (B:ICR). All ICR mice that received MLDS exhibited overt diabetic symptoms throughout the study, and the incidence and development of diabetes mellitus were similar among the three ICR groups...
June 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740247/inactivation-mechanism-of-escherichia-coli-induced-by-slightly-acidic-electrolyzed-water
#5
Zhangying Ye, Shuo Wang, Tao Chen, Weishan Gao, Songming Zhu, Jinsong He, Zhiying Han
Foodborne disease outbreak caused by food microbiological contamination is a serious public health problem. Slightly acidic electrolyzed water (SAEW), a new ultra-high effect and wide-spectrum disinfectant that is colourless, odourless, and harmless to humans and the environment, is directly used on food surfaces in Japan and America. However, the underlying inactivation mechanism remains unknown. In this study, biochemical and cellular changes were observed to investigate the bactericidal mechanism of SAEW against Escherichia coli (E...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731232/a-comprehensive-review-of-agrimoniin
#6
REVIEW
Daniel M Grochowski, Krystyna Skalicka-Woźniak, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Jianbo Xiao, Marcello Locatelli, Jakub P Piwowarski, Sebastian Granica, Michał Tomczyk
Plant tannins are a unique class of polyphenols with relatively high molecular weights. Within the ellagitannins group, agrimoniin--dimeric ellagitannin--is one of the most representative compounds found in many plant materials belonging to the Rosaceae family. Agrimoniin was first isolated in 1982 from roots of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. (Rosaceae), a plant traditionally used in Japan and China as an antidiarrheal, hemostatic, and antiparasitic agent. Agrimoniin is a constituent of medicinal plants, which are often applied orally in the form of infusions, decoctions, or tinctures...
July 21, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724661/fermented-soy-product-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-the-development-of-high-blood-pressure-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#7
Miho Nozue, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Hadrien Charvat, Nagisa Mori, Michihiro Mutoh, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Manami Inoue, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroyasu Iso, Shoichiro Tsugane
Background: Randomized controlled studies have investigated the short-term effect of soy product intake on blood pressure (BP) in normotensive people. To our knowledge, no prospective studies exist on the effect of habitual intake of fermented soy products, separate from total soy products, on BP in the general population.Objective: We examined the association between the habitual intake of soy products, including fermented soy products, and the development of high BP during a 5-y period among participants in a population-based prospective cohort study in Japan...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719103/associations-between-neighborhood-food-environments-and-deficient-protein-intake-among-elderly-people-in-a-metropolitan-suburb-a-case-study-in-kisarazu-city-japan
#8
Yuri Hamamatsu, Chiho Goto, Masaru Nishitani, Riko Shimadate, Junko Ueno, Yoko Kusakari, Masahiro Umezaki
OBJECTIVES: Living in a poor food environment and its association with an increased risk of inadequate nutrient intake are increasingly important issues in Japan due to an increase in the elderly population. METHODS: The present study examined the relationships between neighborhood food environment and the protein and fat intakes of elderly Japanese individuals (n = 181) living in the metropolitan Tokyo suburb of Kisarazu. RESULTS: A logistic regression analysis adjusted for sociodemographic and shopping behavior variables revealed associations between subjectively evaluated poor neighborhood food environment and deficient protein intake...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717805/relationship-between-diet-related-indicators-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-older-adults-in-rural-japan
#9
M Ishikawa, S Moriya, T Yokoyama
OBJECTIVES: To identify the relationship between diet-related indicators and overweight and obesity in older adults in rural Japan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Obira, Hokkaido, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Local residents aged between 65 and 74 years, except for those with poor health, were included. INTERVENTION: A health- and diet-related questionnaire was applied to participants house-to-house by trained health professionals...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714033/evaluation-of-velvet-antler-total-protein-effect-on-bone-marrow%C3%A2-derived-endothelial-progenitor-cells
#10
Xiang Xiao, Lin Li, Shuqiang Xu, Min Mao, Ruiyan Pan, Yanjun Li, Jiayun Wu, Li Huang, Xiaoyun Zheng
Lu Rong, velvet antler (VA), is a traditional Chinese medicine, which is used as a food supplement and therapeutic drug in China, Japan, Russia, New Zealand and Southeast Asia. The regenerative characteristics of VA have resulted in great research interest, particularly regarding the fields of organ grafting and stem cell differentiation. Various VA proteomic studies verified that proteins act as the primary bioactive components of VA. The present study aimed to investigate if VA proteins (VA‑pro) influence endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) viability...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699629/dietary-intake-of-antioxidant-vitamins-and-risk-of-stroke-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#11
S Uesugi, J Ishihara, H Iso, N Sawada, R Takachi, M Inoue, S Tsugane
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiologic evidence on the relationship between antioxidant vitamin intake and stroke is limited. We aimed to investigate the association between dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins and the incidence of total stroke and ischemic stroke. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The subjects were 82 044 Japanese men and women aged 45-74 years under the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Cohort Study. Between 1995 and 1997, dietary assessment was done using a food frequency questionnaire...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690308/survey-on-metals-contained-in-stainless-steel-kitchenware-and-tableware
#12
Yuu Shiozawa, Nahoko Haneishi, Kumi Suzuki, Mami Ogimoto, Mayu Takanashi, Naoko Tomioka, Yoko Uematsu, Kimio Monma
Stainless steel kitchenware and tableware on sale in Japan were investigated. Surface elemental composition ratios of 172 samples were analyzed by the fluorescence X-ray method. High levels of manganese (9.59-20.03%)were detected in 17 samples. This finding was confirmed by ICP analysis. Next, we conducted migration tests. Samples conformed to the Italian Specific Migration Limits. Moreover, lead and antimony were not detected in these samples, in accordance with the Japanese Food Sanitation Law.
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690304/determination-of-residues-of-phenicol-drugs-in-ayu-plecoglossus-altivelis-by-lc-ms-ms
#13
Tomiaki Minatani, Yuka Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Nagai, Kotaro Goto
An analytical method for the determination of residues of 3 phenicol drugs (chloramphenicol, thiamphenicol and florfenicol) in Ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) by LC-MS/MS was developed. We used the whole body of Ayu, including the bones and internal organs, in addition to muscle. Phenicols were extracted with 90% acetonitrile and an aliquot of the crude extract was cleaned up on a Florisil column (2 g), followed by defatting with n-hexane. The acetonitrile extract was evaporated and the solvent was replaced with phosphate buffer, then the extract was purified on a hydroxylated styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer column (200 mg)...
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690303/pcr-based-method-for-the-detection-of-toxic-mushrooms-causing-food-poisoning-incidents
#14
Chie Nomura, Atsushi Masayama, Mizuka Yamaguchi, Daisuke Sakuma, Keiji Kajimura
In this study, species-specific identification of five toxic mushrooms, Chlorophyllum molybdites, Gymnopilus junonius, Hypholoma fasciculare, Pleurocybella porrigens, and Tricholoma ustale, which have been involved in food-poisoning incidents in Japan, was investigated. Specific primer pairs targeting internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions were designed for PCR detection. The specific amplicons were obtained from fresh, cooked, and simulated gastric fluid (SGF)-treated samples. No amplicons were detected from other mushrooms with similar morphology...
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690301/rapid-identification-method-of-omphalotus-japonicus-by-polymerase-chain-reaction-restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism-pcr-rflp
#15
Yohei Sugano, Kozue Sakata, Kosuke Nakamura, Akio Noguchi, Nozomi Fukuda, Tomohiro Suzuki, Kazunari Kondo
Omphalotus japonicus is a poisonous mushroom that grows in Japan. It can be mistaken for edible mushrooms (Shiitake, Hiratake and Mukitake), and if ingested, it causes food poisoning within 30 min to 1 hr. We established a rapid detection method using PCR-RFLP to identify O. japonicus by restriction digestion of the amplified ITS region. By using Sau96I, Bpu10I, SfcI or DrdI/HincII as a restriction enzyme, it was possible to rapidly identify and discriminate O. japonicus based on the fragment length. This study also provided a short PCR-RFLP system comprising amplification and digestion of a short 200-bp DNA fragment within the ITS region...
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681102/four-myxobolus-spp-myxosporea-bivalvulida-from-the-gill-lamellae-of-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-and-japanese-silver-crucian-carp-carassius-langsdorfii-in-the-western-part-of-japan-with-the-description-of-three-new-species-m-tanakai-n-sp-m-paratoyamai-n-sp-and
#16
Eigo Kato, Akihiro Kasai, Hisayuki Tomochi, Ying-Chun Li, Hiroshi Sato
Approximately three dozen Myxobolus spp. (Myxozoa: Myxosporea: Bivalvulida) have been described to parasitize the gills of carp of the genera Cyprinus and Carassius. Hitherto, these fish were often introduced to temperate waters worldwide as food and ornamental fish from Asia, their place of origin. The present study examined the myxosporean infection of seven common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and seven Japanese silver crucian carp (Carassius langsdorfii) collected from the Fushinogawa River around the university in Yamaguchi City, Japan, during the period April 2015 to October 2016...
July 5, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674313/first-detection-of-escherichia-coli-harboring-mcr-1-gene-from-retail-domestic-chicken-meat-in-japan
#17
Yusuke Ohsaki, Wataru Hayashi, Satomi Saito, Shunsuke Osaka, Yui Taniguchi, Shota Koide, Kumiko Kawamura, Yukiko Nagano, Yoshichika Arakawa, Noriyuki Nagano
Global spread of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance gene, mcr-1 poses a public health concern because colistin is the last-line-of-defense against severe infections due to multidrug-resistant Gram- negative bacteria. In Japan, a few studies have reported the prevalence of mcr-1 among food animal-derived Escherichia coli isolates, but the epidemiology of mcr-1 from retail meats is not well known. We report here the first detection of mcr-1 from retail chicken meats. A total of 70 ESBL-producing E. coli isolates recovered from retail chicken meats collected between August 2015 and June 2016 were screened for mcr-1, which resulted in positive for one isolate of CTX-M-1 producing E...
July 1, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670755/production-of-low-cs-rice-plants-by-inactivation-of-the-k-transporter-oshak1-with-the-crispr-cas-system
#18
Manuel Nieves-Cordones, Sonia Mohamed, Keitaro Tanoi, Natsuko I Kobayashi, Keiko Takagi, Aurore Vernet, Emmanuel Guiderdoni, Christophe Périn, Hervé Sentenac, Anne-Aliénor Véry
Occurrence of radiocesium in food has raised sharp health concerns after nuclear accidents. Despite being present at low concentrations in contaminated soils (below μM), cesium (Cs(+) ) can be taken up by crops and transported to their edible parts. Such a plant capacity to take up Cs(+) from low concentrations has notably affected the production of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Japan after the nuclear accident at Fukushima in 2011. Several strategies have been put into practice to reduce Cs(+) content in this crop species, such as contaminated soil removal or adaptation of agricultural practices, including dedicated fertilizer management, with limited impact or pernicious side effects...
July 3, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659302/higher-dietary-cholesterol-and-%C3%AF-3-fatty-acid-intakes-are-associated-with-a-lower-success-rate-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-therapy-in-japan
#19
Hiroaki Ikezaki, Norihiro Furusyo, Paul F Jacques, Motohiro Shimizu, Masayuki Murata, Ernst J Schaefer, Yoshihisa Urita, Jun Hayashi
Background:Helicobacter pylori infection is a known risk factor for duodenal ulcers, gastritis, and gastric cancer. The eradication of H. pylori is successful in treating these disorders; however, the success rate of eradication therapy is declining. There may be an interaction with nutrient intake to account for this decline.Objective: We investigated the influence of food and nutrient intake on H. pylori eradication therapy.Design: In this study, 4014 subjects underwent endoscopy, were tested for serum antibodies to H...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657216/additive-effect-of-rikkunshito-an-herbal-medicine-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-vomiting-and-anorexia-in-uterine-cervical-or-corpus-cancer-patients-treated-with-cisplatin-and-paclitaxel-results-of-a-randomized-phase-ii-study-jortc-kmp-02
#20
Shunsuke Ohnishi, Hidemichi Watari, Maki Kanno, Yoko Ohba, Satoshi Takeuchi, Tempei Miyaji, Shunsuke Oyamada, Eiji Nomura, Hidenori Kato, Toru Sugiyama, Masahiro Asaka, Noriaki Sakuragi, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Yasuhito Uezono, Satoru Iwase
OBJECTIVE: Rikkunshito, an herbal medicine, is widely prescribed in Japan for the treatment of anorexia and functional dyspepsia, and has been reported to recover reductions in food intake caused by cisplatin. We investigated whether rikkunshito could improve chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) and anorexia in patients treated with cisplatin. METHODS: Patients with uterine cervical or corpus cancer who were to receive cisplatin (50 mg/m² day 1) and paclitaxel (135 mg/m² day 0) as first-line chemotherapy were randomly assigned to the rikkunshito group receiving oral administration on days 0-13 with standard antiemetics, or the control group receiving antiemetics only...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
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