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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630699/nutritional-correlates-of-monetary-diet-cost-in-young-middle-aged-and-older-japanese-women
#1
Keiko Shiraki, Kentaro Murakami, Hitomi Okubo, M Barbara E Livingstone, Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
Studies in many Western countries have consistently shown that monetary diet cost is positively associated with diet quality, but this may not necessarily be the case in Japan. This cross-sectional study examined the nutritional correlates of monetary diet cost among 3963 young (all 18 years old), 3800 middle-aged (mean age 48 years) and 2211 older (mean age 74 years) Japanese women. Dietary intakes were assessed using a comprehensive self-administered diet history questionnaire for young and middle-aged women and a brief self-administered diet history questionnaire for older women...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625422/online-version-of-the-self-administered-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study-for-the-next-generation-jphc-next-protocol-relative-validity-usability-and-comparison-with-a-printed-questionnaire
#2
Erika Kato, Ribeka Takachi, Junko Ishihara, Yuri Ishii, Shizuka Sasazuki, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Yurie Shinozawa, Jun Umezawa, Junta Tanaka, Yuta Yokoyama, Kaori Kitamura, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND: Online dietary assessment tools offer advantages over printed questionnaires, such as the automatic and direct data storage of answers, and have the potential to become valuable research methods. We developed an online survey system (web-FFQ) for the existing printed FFQ used in the JPHC-NEXT protocol, the platform of a large-scale genetic cohort study. Here, we examined the validity of ranking individuals according to dietary intake using this web-FFQ and its usability compared with the printed questionnaire (print-FFQ) for combined usage...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614909/global-patterns-and-trends-in-stomach-cancer-incidence-age-period-and-birth-cohort-analysis
#3
Ganfeng Luo, Yanting Zhang, Pi Guo, Li Wang, Yuanwei Huang, Ke Li
The cases of stomach cancer (SC) incidence are increasing per year and the SC burden has remained very high in some countries. We aimed to evaluate the global geographical variation in SC incidence and temporal trends from 1978 to 2007, with an emphasis on the effect of birth cohort. Joinpoint regression and age-period-cohort model were applied. From 2003 to 2007, male rate were 1.5- to 3-fold higher than female in all countries. Rates were highest in Eastern Asian and South American countries. Except for Uganda, all countries showed favorable trends...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608485/bullying-and-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-food-allergy
#4
REVIEW
Andrew T Fong, Constance H Katelaris, Brynn Wainstein
Food allergy is an increasing phenomenon in Australia, with most recent reports of food allergy occurring in 1 in 12 children. A number of studies have demonstrated that children and adolescents with food allergies experience a decreased quality of life across a number of domains. More recent evidence suggests that this population also experiences an increased occurrence of bullying compared to similar school-aged children. Some individuals have reported being bullied because of their allergies, whilst others have reported specific allergy-related-bullying, such as being touched with foods that they are allergic to or having their food being intentionally contaminated with an allergen...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605864/time-trends-in-radiocaesium-in-the-japanese-diet-following-nuclear-weapons-testing-and-chernobyl-implications-for-long-term-contamination-post-fukushima
#5
Jim T Smith, Keiko Tagami, Shigeo Uchida
Estimation of time changes in radiocaesium in foodstuffs is key to predicting the long term impact of the Fukushima accident on the Japanese diet. We have modelled >4000 measurements, spanning 50 years, of (137)Cs in foodstuffs and whole diet in Japan after nuclear weapons testing (NWT) and the Chernobyl accident. Broadly consistent long term trends in (137)Cs activity concentrations are seen between different agricultural foodstuffs; whole diet follows this general trend with remarkably little variation between averages for different regions of Japan...
June 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595034/preclinical-and-clinical-studies-of-coriolus-versicolor-polysaccharopeptide-as-an-immunotherapeutic-in-china
#6
Yajing Chang, Meng Zhang, Yifei Jiang, Yong Liu, Heng Luo, Cui Hao, Pengjiao Zeng, Lijuan Zhang
Conventional cancer treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. In recent years, immunotherapy in cancer care has been gaining momentum. Interestingly, an immunotherapeutic regime that employs polysaccharopeptide (PSP), a unique peptide-containing polysaccharide isolated from Coriolus versicolor, has already become a routine clinical practice in Japan since 1977 and in China since 1987. Coriolus versicolor is one of the most well-known traditional food and medicinal mushrooms in China for thousands of years...
April 2017: Discovery Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592762/chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-pathophysiology-and-current-therapy
#7
Jun Takizawa
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most frequent adult leukemia in western countries, but it is rare in Japan. Several mutations have been identified in patients with CLL using next-generation sequencing, but disease-specific mutations were not found. Some mutations, such as those in TP53, NOTCH1, SF3B, and BIRC3 are useful for risk stratification and prognosis prediction in patients with CLL. Strategies for treating CLL are rapidly evolving, with targeted agents such as the B-cell receptor signaling pathway inhibitors (ibrutinib, idelalisib), novel anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (obinutuzumab), and Bcl-2 inhibitor (venetoclax) being approved by the US Food and Drug Administration...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589848/factors-related-to-altitudinal-body-size-variation-in-the-earthworm-eating-ground-beetle-carabus-japonicus
#8
Yutaka Okuzaki, Teiji Sota
To understand geographic body size variation in an insect species, various factors including habitat temperature, correlation between life history traits, and food availability must be examined. Carabus (Ohomopterus) japonicus is univoltine, feeds exclusively on earthworms during its larval stage, and shows a clinal body size variation along the habitat temperature gradient in northern Kyushu, Japan. Carabus japonicus occurs at both high and low altitudes; at high altitudes it coexists with a larger species, C...
June 2017: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587159/effects-of-low-dose-non-caloric-sweetener-consumption-on-gut-microbiota-in-mice
#9
Takashi Uebanso, Ai Ohnishi, Reiko Kitayama, Ayumi Yoshimoto, Mutsumi Nakahashi, Takaaki Shimohata, Kazuaki Mawatari, Akira Takahashi
Abstract: Non-caloric artificial sweeteners (NASs) provide sweet tastes to food without adding calories or glucose. NASs can be used as alternative sweeteners for controlling blood glucose levels and weight gain. Although the consumption of NASs has increased over the past decade in Japan and other countries, whether these sweeteners affect the composition of the gut microbiome is unclear. In the present study, we examined the effects of sucralose or acesulfame-K ingestion (at most the maximum acceptable daily intake (ADI) levels, 15 mg/kg body weight) on the gut microbiome in mice...
June 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586495/meta-analysis-of-the-fda-reports-on-patient-reported-outcomes-using-the-three-latest-platforms-for-lasik
#10
Majid Moshirfar, Tirth J Shah, David Franklin Skanchy, Steve H Linn, Daniel S Durrie
PURPOSE: To analyze the impact of the three latest U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved lasers on patient-reported outcomes after LASIK. METHODS: In this meta-analysis of patient-reported FDA data, an aggregated total of 718 eyes undergoing LASIK using VISX iDesign (Abbott Medical Optics Manufacturing, Milpitas, CA), Alcon Contoura (Alcon Research, Ltd., Fort Worth, TX), and Nidek CATz (Nidek Co. Ltd., Gamagori, Japan) lasers were evaluated for overall changes in visual symptoms postoperatively...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582663/molecular-and-epidemiological-characterization-of-staphylococcal-foodborne-outbreak-of-staphylococcus-aureus-harboring-seg-sei-sem-sen-seo-and-selu-genes-without-production-of-classical-enterotoxins
#11
Kaoru Umeda, Hiromi Nakamura, Kaori Yamamoto, Nobuko Nishina, Kiyoshi Yasufuku, Yuki Hirai, Teruo Hirayama, Kaoru Goto, Atsushi Hase, Jun Ogasawara
Staphylococcal food poisoning is the result of consumption of food contaminated with staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) produced by Staphylococcus aureus. To date, 23 SEs and SE-like enterotoxins (SEls) have been described in the literature. They are divided into classical SEs (SEA-SEE) and new SE/SEls (SEG-SElX). Some have proved to be foodborne-inducible, but others remain unidentified. In May 2016, at an elderly group home in Osaka city, Japan, an outbreak from foodborne pathogens occurred among lunch party participants...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579930/protodioscin-isolated-from-the-rhizome-of-dioscorea-tokoro-collected-in-northern-japan-is-the-major-antiproliferative-compound-to-hl-60-%C3%A2-leukemic-cells
#12
Manami Oyama, Tetsuo Tokiwano, Satoru Kawaii, Yasunori Yoshida, Kouichi Mizuno, Keimei Oh, Yuko Yoshizawa
BACKGROUND: The rhizome of Oni-dokoro (a wild yam, Dioscorea tokoro) has extremely bitter taste and is not generally regarded edible;, however, in northern part of Japan, such as Iwate and a part of Aomori, it is used as health promoting food. To clarify the reason, we examined the biologically active compounds in the rhizome collected at Iwate and compared them from the other area in literature. METHODS: The acetonitrile extract from northern part of Japan was purified by bioassay-guided separation using antiproliferative activity to human leukemia HL-60 cell, and protodioscin (PD) was isolated and identified by instrumental analyses as the major active compound...
June 2017: Current Bioactive Compounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576447/relationship-between-nutrition-knowledge-and-dietary-intake-among-primary-school-children-in-japan-combined-effect-of-children-s-and-their-guardians-knowledge
#13
Keiko Asakura, Hidemi Todoriki, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Improving the dietary habits of children is important to decrease the future burden of noncommunicable diseases. While various food education programs have been implemented worldwide, evaluation of nutrition knowledge is difficult, even at baseline. Further, the relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intake has not been clarified in non-western countries. METHODS: After developing nutrition knowledge questionnaires for Japanese primary school children and adults, we examined whether higher nutrition knowledge of children and their guardians was associated with better dietary intake in children...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546542/low-cesium-rice-mutation-in-ossos2-reduces-radiocesium-in-rice-grains
#14
Satoru Ishikawa, Shimpei Hayashi, Tadashi Abe, Masato Igura, Masato Kuramata, Hachidai Tanikawa, Manaka Iino, Takashi Saito, Yuji Ono, Tetsuya Ishikawa, Shigeto Fujimura, Akitoshi Goto, Hiroki Takagi
In Japan, radiocesium contamination in foods has become of great concern and it is a primary issue to reduce grain radiocesium concentration in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Here, we report a low-cesium rice mutant 1 (lcs1) with the radiocesium concentration in grain about half that in the wild-type cultivar. Genetic analyses revealed that a mutation in OsSOS2, which encodes a serine/threonine-protein kinase required for the salt overly sensitive (SOS) pathway in plants, is responsible for the decreased cesium (Cs) concentrations in lcs1...
May 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542317/systematic-review-of-dietary-salt-reduction-policies-evidence-for-an-effectiveness-hierarchy
#15
Lirije Hyseni, Alex Elliot-Green, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Chris Kypridemos, Martin O'Flaherty, Rory McGill, Lois Orton, Helen Bromley, Francesco P Cappuccio, Simon Capewell
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable disease (NCD) prevention strategies now prioritise four major risk factors: food, tobacco, alcohol and physical activity. Dietary salt intake remains much higher than recommended, increasing blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and stomach cancer. Substantial reductions in salt intake are therefore urgently needed. However, the debate continues about the most effective approaches. To inform future prevention programmes, we systematically reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of possible salt reduction interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540764/japan-flavour-and-fragrance-materials-association-s-safety-assessment-of-food-flavouring-substances-uniquely-used-in-japan-that-belong-to-the-class-of-aliphatic-primary-alcohols-aldehydes-carboxylic-acids-acetals-and-esters-containing-additional-oxygenated
#16
Kenji Saito, Yasuko Hasegawa-Baba, Fumiko Sekiya, Shim-Mo Hayashi, Yoshiharu Mirokuji, Hiroyuki Okamura, Shinpei Maruyama, Atsushi Ono, Madoka Nakajima, Masakuni Degawa, Shogo Ozawa, Makoto Shibutani, Tamio Maitani
We performed a safety evaluation using the procedure devised by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives of the following four flavouring substances that belong to the class of 'aliphatic primary alcohols, aldehydes, carboxylic acids, acetals, and esters containing additional oxygenated functional groups' and are uniquely used in Japan: butyl butyrylacetate, ethyl 2-hydroxy-4-methylpentanoate, 3-hydroxyhexanoic acid and methyl hydroxyacetate. Although no genotoxicity study data were found in the published literature, none of the four substances had chemical structural alerts predicting genotoxicity...
May 25, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539378/dietary-acid-load-and-mortality-among-japanese-men-and-women-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#17
Shamima Akter, Akiko Nanri, Tetsuya Mizoue, Mitsuhiko Noda, Norie Sawada, Shizuka Sasazuki, Shoichiro Tsugane
Background: Diet-induced metabolic acidosis has been linked to cardiometabolic abnormalities including hypertension and type 2 diabetes. However, there are limited data on its association with other chronic diseases and mortality.Objective: The present study aimed to examine the association between dietary acid load and total and cause-specific mortality.Design: This study was a large-scale, population-based, prospective cohort study in Japan involving 42,736 men and 49,742 women, aged 45-75 y, who had no history of cancer, stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD), or chronic liver disease at baseline...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537338/predictive-factors-associated-with-oral-intake-ability-in-gastrostomy-patients-under-long-term-care
#18
E Nakayama, H Tohara, K Sakai, M Hayata, S Ohnishi, J Sekino, H Tsuzuki, T Hirai, A Hayashi, K Ueda
OBJECTIVE: To determine the physical indicators associated with oral intake status and swallowing function in gastrostomy patients under long-term care. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Thirty-one hospitals that perform gastrostomy insertion, replacement and management. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 117 respondents from 31 hospitals in Japan underwent gastrostomy tube replacement and management between September 2012 and January 2014...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537330/-eating-together-is-associated-with-food-behaviors-and-demographic-factors-of-older-japanese-people-who-live-alone
#19
M Ishikawa, Y Takemi, T Yokoyama, K Kusama, Y Fukuda, T Nakaya, M Nozue, N Yoshiike, K Yoshiba, F Hayashi, N Murayama
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the relationships between eating together and subjective health, frailty, food behaviors, food accessibility, food production, meal preparation, alcohol intake, socioeconomic factors and geography among older Japanese people who live alone. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, multilevel survey was designed. The questionnaire was distributed by post and self-completed by participants. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533700/risk-management-and-regulations-for-lower-limb-medical-exoskeletons-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Yongtian He, David Eguren, Trieu Phat Luu, Jose L Contreras-Vidal
Gait disability is a major health care problem worldwide. Powered exoskeletons have recently emerged as devices that can enable users with gait disabilities to ambulate in an upright posture, and potentially bring other clinical benefits. In 2014, the US Food and Drug Administration approved marketing of the ReWalk™ Personal Exoskeleton as a class II medical device with special controls. Since then, Indego™ and Ekso™ have also received regulatory approval. With similar trends worldwide, this industry is likely to grow rapidly...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
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