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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220824/the-association-between-health-related-quality-of-life-dietary-satisfaction-and-perceived-food-environment-among-japanese-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#1
K Hata, T Inayama, N Yoshiike
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between health-related quality of life (HRQOL)/dietary satisfaction and perceived food environment in community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Members of the Spinal Injuries Japan organization. METHODS: Subjects were 2007 Japanese individuals with SCI. A questionnaire conducted in 2015 included items addressing sociodemographic characteristics, HRQOL, dietary satisfaction and eight perceived food environment items...
February 21, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215585/hot-cold-foods-in-diet-and-all-cause-mortality-in-a-japanese-community-the-takayama-study
#2
Chisato Nagata, Keiko Wada, Takashi Tamura, Kie Konishi, Yuko Goto
PURPOSE: In the field of traditional Chinese medicine, foods are grouped as cold or hot, and the balance of hot and cold food intake is considered vital to good health. We aimed to examine prospectively whether hot-cold food intake as well as ratio of hot-to-cold foods is associated with all-cause mortality in a general population. METHODS: A total of 28,356 residents of Takayama City, Japan (response rate: 85.3%, mean age: 54.6 [SD, 12.6] years, male: 45.9%), responded to a food frequency questionnaire in 1992...
January 25, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205112/autochthonous-sporadic-acute-hepatitis-e-caused-by-two-distinct-subgenotype-3b-hepatitis-e-virus-strains-with-only-90-nucleotide-identity
#3
Yasuko Yamaguchi, Hitoshi Takagi, Yuhei Suzuki, Kyoko Maruhashi, Takashi Kosone, Satoru Kakizaki, Ken Sato, Masanobu Yamada, Shigeo Nagashima, Masaharu Takahashi, Hiroaki Okamoto
Hepatitis E, which is caused by hepatitis E virus (HEV), is a public health concern in Japan, where the zoonotic food-borne transmission of HEV from domestic pigs and wild boars plays an important role. A 44-year-old Japanese man with autochthonous sporadic acute hepatitis E was admitted with general fatigue and moderate liver dysfunction. In the present study, two distinct HEV strains were recovered from the patient, who had consumed the raw or undercooked pig liver and intestine two or three times per week for 3 months before the disease onset...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199340/crystal-structure-and-structure-based-mutagenesis-of-actin-specific-adp-ribosylating-toxin-cpile-a-as-novel-enterotoxin
#4
Waraphan Toniti, Toru Yoshida, Toshiharu Tsurumura, Daisuke Irikura, Chie Monma, Yoichi Kamata, Hideaki Tsuge
Unusual outbreaks of food poisoning in Japan were reported in which Clostridium perfringens was strongly suspected to be the cause based on epidemiological information and fingerprinting of isolates. The isolated strains lack the typical C. perfringens enterotoxin (CPE) but secrete a new enterotoxin consisting of two components: C. perfringens iota-like enterotoxin-a (CPILE-a), which acts as an enzymatic ADP-ribosyltransferase, and CPILE-b, a membrane binding component. Here we present the crystal structures of apo-CPILE-a, NAD+-CPILE-a and NADH-CPILE-a...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194259/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-a-sulfated-polysaccharide-isolated-from-an-enzymatic-digest-of-brown-seaweed-sargassum-horneri-in-raw-264-7-cells
#5
Kalu Kapuge Asanka Sanjeewa, Ilekkuttige Priyan Shanura Fernando, Eun-A Kim, Ginnae Ahn, Youngheun Jee, You-Jin Jeon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sargassum horneri is an edible brown alga that grows in the subtidal zone as an annual species along the coasts of South Korea, China, and Japan. Recently, an extreme amount of S. horneri moved into the coasts of Jeju Island from the east coast of China, which made huge economic and environmental loss to the Jeju Island. Thus, utilization of this biomass becomes a big issue with the local authorities. Therefore, the present study was performed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential of crude polysaccharides (CPs) extracted from S...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190658/validity-and-reliability-of-a-self-administered-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-the-jphc-study-the-assessment-of-amino-acid-intake
#6
Chika Okada, Hiroyasu Iso, Junko Ishihara, Koutatsu Maruyama, Norie Sawada, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND: The Japanese database of food amino acid composition was revised in 2010 after a 24-year interval. To examine the impact of the 2010 revision compared with that of the 1986 revision, we evaluated the validity and reliability of amino acid intakes assessed using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). METHODS: A FFQ including 138 food items was compared with 7-day dietary records, completed during each distinct season, to assess validity and administered twice at approximately a 1-year interval, to assess reliability...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190656/living-status-and-frequency-of-eating-out-of-home-foods-in-relation-to-nutritional-adequacy-in-4-017-japanese-female-dietetic-students-aged-18-20-years-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#7
Satomi Kobayashi, Keiko Asakura, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Living status (e.g., living with family or alone) may affect dietary habits. We compared nutritional adequacy according to living status and the frequency of eating out-of-home foods in young Japanese women. METHODS: Female dietetic students (aged 18-20 years; n = 4,017) participated in a cross-sectional multicenter study, which was conducted in 85 dietetic schools in 35 of 47 prefectures in Japan. Habitual dietary intake was assessed with a validated diet history questionnaire...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185235/impact-of-a-simulated-gravity-load-for-atmospheric-reentry-10%C3%A2-g-for-2%C3%A2-min-on-conscious-mice
#8
Hironobu Morita, Aoi Yamaguchi, Dai Shiba, Masaki Shirakawa, Satoru Takahashi
The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency recently performed a mouse experiment in the International Space Station in which mice were raised for 35 days, retrieved using the Dragon spacecraft, and then harvested for analysis 2 days after splashdown. However, the impact of the retrieval procedure, which exposed mice to 5-10 g for 2 min during atmospheric reentry and splashdown, was unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a 10 g load for 2 min (using a gondola-type centrifuge with a 1...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178988/nested-houses-domestication-dynamics-of-human-wasp-relations-in-contemporary-rural-japan
#9
Charlotte L R Payne, Joshua D Evans
BACKGROUND: Domestication is an important and contested concept. Insects are used as food worldwide, and while some have been described as domesticated and even 'semi-domesticated', the assumptions and implications of this designation are not clear. The purpose of this paper is to explore these aspects of insect domestication, and broader debates in domestication studies, through the case of edible wasps in central rural Japan. METHODS: Both authors conducted ethnographic fieldwork with communities in central rural Japan...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178180/is-the-proportion-of-carbohydrate-intake-associated-with-the-incidence-of-diabetes-complications-an-analysis-of-the-japan-diabetes-complications-study
#10
Chika Horikawa, Yukio Yoshimura, Chiemi Kamada, Shiro Tanaka, Sachiko Tanaka, Satoshi Matsunaga, Osamu Hanyu, Atsushi Araki, Hideki Ito, Akira Tanaka, Yasuo Ohashi, Yasuo Akanuma, Hirohito Sone
The appropriate proportions of macronutritional intake have been controversial in medical nutritional therapy for diabetes, and evidence of the effects of carbohydrate consumption on diabetes complications in prospective settings is sparse. We investigated the relationships between proportions of carbohydrate intake as the % of total energy and diabetes complications in a nationwide cohort of Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes aged 40-70 years with hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5%. The analysis was of 1516 responders to a baseline dietary survey assessed by the Food Frequency Questionnaire based on food groups...
February 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165614/oral-health-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-jages-project-longitudinal-study-in-older-japanese
#11
Tatsuo Yamamoto, Jun Aida, Katsunori Kondo, Shinya Fuchida, Yukako Tani, Masashige Saito, Yuri Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether oral health status predicts depressive symptoms in older Japanese people. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Twenty-four municipalities in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals aged 65 years and older who responded to mail surveys performed by the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study in 2010 and 2013 (N = 14,279). MEASUREMENTS: Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163970/garcinia-subelliptica-merr-fukugi-a-multipurpose-coastal-tree-with-promising-medicinal-properties
#12
REVIEW
Tomomi Inoue, Mami Kainuma, Karin Baba, Nozomi Oshiro, Norimi Kimura, Eric Wei Chiang Chan
In this short review, the current knowledge on the botany, ecology, uses, and medicinal properties of the multipurpose Garcinia subelliptica (Fukugi) is updated. As yet, there are no reviews on this indigenous and heritage coastal tree species of the Ryukyu Islands in Japan, which has ethnocultural, ecological, and pharmacological significance. Planted by the Okinawan people some 300 years ago, Fukugi trees serve as windbreaks and accord protection against the destructive typhoons. The species has become a popular ornamental tree, and its bark has been used for dyeing fabrics...
January 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154804/administration-of-the-adrenaline-auto-injector-at-the-nursery-kindergarten-school-in-western-japan
#13
Seigo Korematsu, Michiko Fujitaka, Mika Ogata, Masafumi Zaitsu, Chikako Motomura, Kazuyo Kuzume, Yuchiro Toku, Masanori Ikeda, Hiroshi Odajima
BACKGROUND: In view of the increasing prevalence of food allergies, there has been an associated increase in frequency of situations requiring an emergency response for anaphylaxis at the home, childcare facilities and educational institutions. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the situation of adrenaline auto-injector administration in nursery/kindergarten/school, we carried out a questionnaire survey on pediatric physicians in Western Japan. METHODS: In 2015, self-reported questionnaires were mailed to 421 physicians who are members of the West Japan Research Society Pediatric Clinical Allergy and Shikoku Research Society Pediatric Clinical Allergy...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154484/analysis-of-the-mat1-1-and-mat1-2-gene-ratio-in-black-koji-molds-isolated-from-meju
#14
Anbazhagan Mageswari, Jeong-Seon Kim, Kyu-Ho Cheon, Soon-Wo Kwon, Osamu Yamada, Seung-Beom Hong
Aspergillus luchuensis is known as an industrially important fungal species used for making fermented foods such as awamori and shochu in Japan, makgeolli and Meju in Korea, and Pu-erh tea in China. Nonetheless, this species has not yet been widely studied regarding mating-type genes. In this study, we examined the MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 gene ratio in black koji molds (A. luchuensis, Aspergillus niger, and Aspergillus tubingensis) and in Aspergillus welwitschiae isolated from Meju, a fermented soybean starting material for traditional soy sauce and soybean paste in Korea...
December 2016: Mycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153406/food-loss-rate-in-food-supply-chain-using-material-flow-analysis
#15
Munsol Ju, Masahiro Osako, Sachihiko Harashina
The food loss rate is a factor that represents food consumption efficiency. To improve food consumption efficiency, we need to fundamentally quantify food loss at national and global levels. This study examines food and food waste flow and calculates the food loss rate in the food supply chain by targeting Japan. We analyzed inedible food waste and avoidable food losses in wholesale, manufacturing, retail, food services, and households and considered different supply chain pathways, different food categories representing whole Japanese meals, and weight changes after cooking...
January 30, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146344/phylogenetic-composition-of-host-plant-communities-drives-plant-herbivore-food-web-structure
#16
M Volf, P Pyszko, T Abe, M Libra, N Kotásková, M Šigut, R Kumar, O Kaman, P T Butterill, J Šipoš, H Abe, H Fukushima, P Drozd, N Kamata, M Murakami, V Novotny
1.Insects tend to feed on related hosts. The phylogenetic composition of host plant communities thus plays a prominent role in determining insect specialization, food web structure, and diversity. Previous studies showed a high preference of insect herbivores for congeneric and confamilial hosts suggesting that some levels of host plant relationships may play more prominent role that others. 2.We aim to quantify the effects of host phylogeny on the structure of quantitative plant-herbivore food webs. Further, we identify specific patterns in three insect guilds with different life histories and discuss the role of host plant phylogeny in maintaining their diversity...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144952/unique-clinical-courses-of-transfusion-transmitted-hepatitis-e-in-patients-with-immunosuppression
#17
Masahiro Satake, Keiji Matsubayashi, Yuji Hoshi, Rikizo Taira, Yasumi Furui, Norihiro Kokudo, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Nobuhiro Ohkohchi, Hiroaki Okamoto, Masato Miyoshi, Akinori Tamura, Kyoko Fuse, Kenji Tadokoro
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of specific immunoglobulin G for hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Japanese people raises the possibility of a high incidence of HEV-viremic blood donors and therefore frequent transfusion-transmitted HEV (TT-HEV). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: TT-HEV cases established in Japan through hemovigilance and those published in the literature were collected. Infectivity of HEV-contaminated blood components and disease severity in relation to immunosuppression were investigated...
January 31, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135192/evacuation-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-was-associated-with-poor-dietary-intake-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#18
Wen Zhang, Tetsuya Ohira, Masafumi Abe, Kenji Kamiya, Shunichi Yamashita, Seiji Yasumura, Akira Ohtsuru, Maeda Masaharu, Mayumi Harigane, Naoko Horikoshi, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirooki Yabe, Michiko Yuuki, Masato Nagai, Hideto Takahashi, Hironori Nakano
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the relationship between living arrangements and dietary intake among evacuees after disasters. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between living arrangements and dietary intake using the data of a large-scale cohort survey of evacuees after the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. METHODS: 73,433 residents in evacuation zones responded to the Fukushima Health Management Survey questionnaire. Subjects were excluded if they did not report their living conditions or were missing more than three pieces of information about dietary intake...
January 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112767/nutritional-status-and-habitual-dietary-intake-are-associated-with-frail-skin-conditions-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#19
S Iizaka, S Nagata, H Sanada
OBJECTIVE: Prevention of frail skin is important in older people because frail skin is associated with a risk of injury in this population. In this study, we investigated the association of nutritional status and habitual dietary intake with skin conditions in community-dwelling older people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Three community settings in Japan from autumn to winter. PARTICIPANTS: Older people aged ≥65 years without care-need certification (n=118)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112076/energy-density-of-the-diets-of-japanese-adults-in-relation-to-food-and-nutrient-intake-and-general-and-abdominal-obesity-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-japan
#20
Kentaro Murakami, M Barbara E Livingstone, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki
The associations of dietary energy density with dietary intake and obesity have been largely unexplored in non-Western populations. The present cross-sectional study examined the associations using data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. Dietary intake was assessed using a 1-d semi-weighed dietary record in 15 618 Japanese adults aged ≥20 years. Mean dietary energy density (calculated on the basis of foods only) was 5·98 (sd 1·20) kJ/g in men and 5·72 (sd 1·16) kJ/g in women. Dietary energy density was positively associated with intakes of bread, noodles (only men), meat, fats and oils, and sugar and confectionery but inversely with intakes of white rice (only men), potatoes, pulses, vegetables, fruits, and fish and shellfish...
January 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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