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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927404/food-intake-patterns-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-japanese-adults-analyses-from-the-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-japan
#1
Nay Chi Htun, Hitomi Suga, Shino Imai, Wakana Shimizu, Hidemi Takimoto
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing global interest in the role of Japanese diet as a possible explanation for the nation's healthy diet, which contributes to the world's highest life-expectancy enjoyed in Japan. However, nationwide studies on current food intake status among general Japanese population have not been established yet. This study examined the association between food intake patterns and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) such as waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (SBP, DBP), HbA1c and blood lipid profiles among general Japanese adults...
September 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919592/the-study-on-the-lives-and-health-conditions-of-internees-in-santo-thomas-camp-of-philippines-based-on-mcanlis-s-the-war-in-manila-1941-1945
#2
Jueyeon Lee, Youngsoo Cho
When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929)...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917620/disappearing-everyday-materials-the-displacement-of-medical-resources-following-disaster-in-fukushima-japan
#3
Sudeepa Abeysinghe, Claire Leppold, Akihiko Ozaki, Mariko Morita, Masaharu Tsubokura
This study draws upon interviews of medical staff working in the city of Minamisoma, Japan, following the 2011 Triple Disaster. It investigates staff responses to the disruption of material resources as a consequence of the disaster and its management. The disruption of spaces, and the loss of oxygen supplies, food, and medications impacted upon staff experience and the ability of institutions to care for patients. This resulted in a restructuring of spaces and materials as workers made efforts to reconfigure and reestablish healthcare functions...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904121/establishment-of-a-meal-coding-system-for-the-characterization-of-meal-based-dietary-patterns-in-japan
#4
Kentaro Murakami, M Barbara E Livingstone, Satoshi Sasaki
Background: Most studies on dietary patterns to date have focused on the daily intake of individual foods, rather than the combination of foods simultaneously consumed during specific eating occasions (breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks).Objective: We aimed to establish a meal coding system for characterizing meal-based dietary patterns in Japan.Methods: Dietary data used were from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan, in which 1-d weighed dietary records were collected from 26,361 adults aged ≥20 y...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903469/signatures-in-the-gut-microbiota-of-japanese-infants-who-developed-food-allergies-in-early-childhood
#5
Masaru Tanaka, Yuki Korenori, Masakazu Washio, Takako Kobayashi, Rie Momoda, Chikako Kiyohara, Aki Kuroda, Yuka Saito, Kenji Sonomoto, Jiro Nakayama
Bacterial colonization in infancy is considered crucial for the development of the immune system. Recently, there has been a drastic increase in childhood allergies in Japan. Therefore, we conducted a prospective study with 56 infants on the relationship between gut microbiota in the first year of life and the development of allergies during the first 3 years. In the lactation period, organic acid producers such as Leuconostoc, Weissella and Veillonella tended to be underrepresented in subjects who developed food allergies (FA, n = 14) within the first two years...
August 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888617/relationships-between-bone-mass-and-dietary-lifestyle-habits-in-japanese-women-at-3-4-months-postpartum
#6
A Hoshino, A Yamada, R Tanabe, S Noda, K Nakaoka, Y Oku, C Katayama, M Haraikawa, H Nakano, M Harada, K Uenishi, M Goseki-Sone
OBJECTIVES: The relationships between calcaneal bone mass and dietary/lifestyle habits in women at 3-4 months postpartum were examined in the context of osteoporosis prevention. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We measured bone mass using calcaneal ultrasound in mothers who brought their 3- to 4-month-old babies to healthcare centers in Japan for health examination and administered a self-report questionnaire on physical characteristics and dietary/lifestyle habits to those who agreed to participate in the survey...
September 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883282/development-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors
#7
Shigehisa Kitano
Immune checkpoint inhibitors are the most striking innovation in the clinical development of immunotherapy. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) restore and augment the antitumor immune activities of cytotoxic T cells by mainly blocking immune checkpoint molecules on T cells or their ligands on antigen-presenting and tumor cells. Based on preclinical data, many clinical trials have demonstrated the acceptable safety profiles and efficacies of mAb in various cancers. The A first-in-class approved immune checkpoint inhibitor is ipilimumab, which is a fully humanized mAb that blocks the immunosuppressive signal by cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881474/assessment-of-instructions-on-protection-against-food-contaminated-with-radiocesium-in-japan-in-2011
#8
Mayumi Seto, Koichiro Uriu, Isao Kawaguchi, Hiroyuki Yokomizo
The Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) has published instructions for radiological protection against food after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in 2011. Following the instructions, the export and consumption of food items identified as being contaminated were restricted for a certain period. We assessed the validity of the imposed restriction periods for two representative vegetables (spinach and cabbage) grown in Fukushima Prefecture from two perspectives: effectiveness for reducing dietary dose and economic efficiency...
September 7, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878354/japanese-food-data-challenge-the-claimed-link-between-fukushima-s-releases-and-recently-observed-thyroid-cancer-increase-in-japan
#9
Georg Steinhauser, Manuel Chávez-Ortega, Jan-Willem Vahlbruch
Internal, high-dose exposure with radioiodine is known to increase the risk for thyroid cancer in children and adolescents. Ingestion of contaminated food is generally regarded a dominant route of internal exposure. We analyzed the huge data set of the post-Fukushima food monitoring campaign and deployed a conservative model for the estimation of the doses to the general public in a worst-case scenario. Our data suggest that the committed equivalent ingestion doses to the thyroids of the affected Japanese public, even in the utmost conservative approach, remained below the limit on ingestion of radioiodine in foodstuffs and beverages of 50 mSv (as thyroid equivalent dose)...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869909/dietary-patterns-and-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-in-japan-baseline-data-from-the-kyushu-okinawa-maternal-and-child-health-study
#10
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: Only one Brazilian study has examined the association between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. The current cross-sectional study examined this issue in Japan. METHODS: Study subjects were 1744 pregnant women. Between April 2007 and March 2008, information under study was obtained. Dietary patterns were derived from a factor analysis of 33 predefined food groups based on a self-administered diet history questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were defined as a Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score ≥ 16...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867740/investigation-on-the-interactions-between-various-drugs-and-aojiru-green-juice-using-a-simple-centrifugation-method
#11
Kazunari Iwao, Rushiana Tokie Kawai, Masako Oda, Hiroshi Saitoh
The objective of this study was to evaluate the interactions between various drugs and aojiru (green juice), a popular health food in Japan, using a simple centrifugation method. The mixture of drug solution and aojiru suspension was gently shaken and centrifuged. The drug concentration in the supernatant fluid was then determined by HPLC. The concentration of rhodamine 123 (Rho-123), a model compound, in the supernatant fluid significantly decreased after mixing with aojiru, indicating extensive binding of Rho-123 to the insoluble components of aojiru...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867716/identification-of-characteristic-phenolic-constituents-in-mousouchiku-extract-used-as-food-additives
#12
Morio Yoshimura, Keisuke Ochi, Hiroshi Sekiya, Eiji Tamai, Jun Maki, Atsuko Tada, Naoki Sugimoto, Hiroshi Akiyama, Yoshiaki Amakura
Mousouchiku extract is prepared from the bamboo-sheath of Phyllostachys heterocycla MITF. (Poaceae), and is registered as a food manufacturing agent in the List of Existing Food Additives in Japan. This study describes the chromatographic evaluation of characteristic components of this extract to obtain the chemical data needed for standardized specifications. We isolated 12 known compounds from this extract: 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, trans-p-coumaric acid, trans-ferulic acid, N,N'-diferuloylputrescine, 4'-hydroxypropiophenone, β-arbutin, tachioside, isotachioside, 3,4'-dihydroxypropiophenone 3-O-glucoside, koaburaside, and (+)-lyoniresinol 9'-O-glucoside...
2017: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867087/advances-in-food-composition-tables-in-japan-standard-tables-of-food-composition-in-japan-2015-seventh-revised-edition
#13
Tomoko Watanabe, Ryoko Kawai
The latest version of the Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan-2015- comprises the main food composition table (Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan-2015-[Seventh revised Edition)) and three supplementary books. The supplementary books are Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan - 2015 - (Seventh Revised Edition) - Amino Acids -, Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan - 2015 - (Seventh Revised Edition) - Fatty Acids - and Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan - 2015 - (Seventh Revised Edition) - Available Carbohydrates, Polyols and Organic Acids-...
January 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865827/measures-of-dynamic-chewing-function-rather-than-the-number-of-teeth-are-a-better-predictors-of-the-elderly-s-ability-to-intake-food-and-nutrients
#14
Hee-Eun Kim, Baek-Il Kim
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Dietary intake is associated with occlusal force rather than number of teeth in 80-y-old Japanese. Inomata C, Ikebe K, Okubo H et al. J Dent Res 2016;2(2):187-97. SOURCE OF FUNDING: The study was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Nos. 23390440 and 25293394) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.
September 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864960/anoplodiscus-sonsino-1890-monogenea-anoplodiscidae-a-new-australian-species-and-the-first-african-record-from-south-african-hosts
#15
David B Vaughan, Kevin W Christison
Species of Anoplodiscus Sonsino, 1890 were previously only known from host members of Sparidae. A new species, Anoplodiscus hutsonae n. sp. is proposed for museum specimens originally collected from species of Scolopsis Cuvier (Nemipteridae) off Heron Island and Lizard Island, Australia. Additionally, Anoplodiscus tai Ogawa, 1994 is synonymised with Anoplodiscus cirrusspiralis Roubal, Armitage & Rohde, 1983 due to a lack of support for differential characters, and Anoplodiscus richiardii is considered a species inquirenda...
September 1, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864331/fruit-vegetable-and-legume-intake-and-cardiovascular-disease-and-deaths-in-18-countries-pure-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Victoria Miller, Andrew Mente, Mahshid Dehghan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Xiaohe Zhang, Sumathi Swaminathan, Gilles Dagenais, Rajeev Gupta, Viswanathan Mohan, Scott Lear, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Aletta E Schutte, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Alvaro Avezum, Yuksel Altuntas, Khalid Yusoff, Noorhassim Ismail, Nasheeta Peer, Jephat Chifamba, Rafael Diaz, Omar Rahman, Noushin Mohammadifard, Fernando Lana, Katarzyna Zatonska, Andreas Wielgosz, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Romaina Iqbal, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Rasha Khatib, Annika Rosengren, V Raman Kutty, Wei Li, Jiankang Liu, Xiaoyun Liu, Lu Yin, Koon Teo, Sonia Anand, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: The association between intake of fruits, vegetables, and legumes with cardiovascular disease and deaths has been investigated extensively in Europe, the USA, Japan, and China, but little or no data are available from the Middle East, South America, Africa, or south Asia. METHODS: We did a prospective cohort study (Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology [PURE] in 135 335 individuals aged 35 to 70 years without cardiovascular disease from 613 communities in 18 low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries in seven geographical regions: North America and Europe, South America, the Middle East, south Asia, China, southeast Asia, and Africa...
August 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858891/recent-advances-on-bioactivities-of-black-rice
#17
Aécio L de S Dias, Barbara Pachikian, Yvan Larondelle, Joëlle Quetin-Leclercq
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Black rice has been consumed for centuries in Asian countries such as China, Korea or Japan. Nowadays, extracts and derivatives are considered as beneficial functional foods because of their high content in several bioactive molecules such as anthocyanins, other phenolics and terpenoids. The purpose of this review is to summarize and discuss recent developments on black rice bioactivities. RECENT FINDINGS: Some sterols and triterpenoids with potential anticancer properties already tested in vitro and in vivo have been isolated and identified from bran extracts of black rice...
August 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855476/validation-of-simultaneous-analytical-method-of-veterinary-drugs-in-foods-using-new-automatic-pretreatment-equipment
#18
Yoichi Yatsukawa, Daisuke Kusuno, Takahiro Matsuda, Kazuhiro Kobayashi, Tetsuro Ohba
New automatic pretreatment equipment (FASVED; Food Automatic Analytical Systems for Veterinary Drugs) was developed. FASVED consists of ten main units: reagent dispenser, homogenizer, transfer hand, lid opening/closing device, centrifugal separator, pipette, shaker, column purification device, centrifugal evaporator and cooling device, and it is capable of freely combining operations by these units. A validation study was performed on two methods for determination of 178 veterinary drugs in livestock products, swine muscle, egg and shrimp, according to the method validation guideline of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan...
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854783/anthropogenic-and-naturally-produced-brominated-phenols-in-pet-blood-and-pet-food-in-japan
#19
Hazuki Mizukawa, Kei Nomiyama, Susumu Nakatsu, Miyuki Yamamoto, Mayumi Ishizuka, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Shouta M M Nakayama, Shinsuke Tanabe
Present study determined concentrations and residue patterns of bromophenols (BPhs) in whole blood samples of pet cats and pet dogs collected from veterinary hospitals in Japan. BPhs concentrations were higher in cat blood than in dog blood, with statistically insignificant differences (p = 0.07). Among the congeners, 2,4,6-tribromophenol (TBPh) constituted the majority of BPhs (>90%) detected in both species. Analysis of commercial pet food to estimate exposure routes showed that the most abundant congener in all pet food samples was 2,4,6-TBPh, accounting for >99% of total BPhs...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851550/comparison-of-radiocesium-concentration-changes-in-leguminous-and-non-leguminous-herbaceous-plants-observed-after-the-fukushima-dai-ichi-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#20
Shigeo Uchida, Keiko Tagami
Transfer of radiocesium from soil to crops is an important pathway for human intake. In the period from one to two years after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, food monitoring results showed that radiocesium concentrations in soybean (a legume) were higher than those in other annual agricultural crops; in these crops, root uptake is the major pathway of radiocesium from soil to plant. However, it was not clear whether or not leguminous and non-leguminous herbaceous plants have different Cs uptake abilities from the same soil because crop sample collection fields were different...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
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